Newspaper Page Text
MOXDA, 4ANUAIIT It, JS.
rACHD SIS. ALTUTQUKTIQUE OITIZEK TRIES TO SAVE IVES OF MANY MINERS Government Experiments Wlih Methods of Preventing Disasters In America. WuihiiiRton, Jun. 1. lu its effort to viii the Appalling loss cf life in !. i mines of the country, the Vniti'd statts government Is meeting with much success. For several mourns an experiment Mation under the (j;i-.vtion of the technologic branch of the United States gelogical survey hits been In operation at Pitts fcurK I'a., with the purpose of dis ciiverinp the catwos of mine dlsimters ml auijgestinff a remedy. Aloni? with the establishment of this tutin and the agitation which preceded the necessary legislation, there lias been a falling off in the r-umuer of deaths In the coal mines for tin- year, 1908, and while the oin c?al iisures have not yet been ob lilned, it la stated that the number of deaths will be several hundred less than in 1907, which was an unusual year. In December, 1907, four ex plosions took the lives of 700 men, one of them at the Monongah mine in West Virginia being the greatest mining disaster In the history of the country. There were' 356 victims, liuring 1908 there were but to acci dents in which the loss of life was ery heavy; one In January at the Hanna mlne.Jn Wyoming, with a loss of 70 men; the other, November 28, at the Marianna mine, in Pcnnsylva- which resulted In 154 deaths. Already at the experiment station two discoveries have been made which will tend lo decrease the number of deaths in the mines. It has been demonstrated that a number of the so-called "safety" explosives are any thin? but safe; in fact, the statement te made that with the present explo sives used in mining, the miner takes his life in his hand every time he touches off a fuse. It Is the purpose f the government to continue these experiments until the explosives of the country are standardized in sucn . manner that the miner will have a definite idea what these explosives will do. After the government haa gone far enough In its experiments, a bulle tin will be Issued recommending as iwrmissible explosives such as stand the test- The facts learned concern li g these explosives will be called 3I avctly to the attention of the state mining bureau as well as the opera' tors. Perhaps the most Important and tar-reaching experiments so far at the .station are those in which It has been definitely shown that coal dust is an xpl'wlve .equally as dangerous as the deadly fire damp. This has been a sooted question among mining en glneers and miners alike, both in sisting that it is impossible to explode -coal dust unless there is gas, present. That the coal dust will explode in a (nine where there is no gas has been repeatedly shown to several hundred operators and miners at the testing stations. The experts at the station are n tvi bending their struggles to discover some method by which this d-ist can be prevented from being v. serious menace to the miners. Ex periments in wetting It have been go ing on for some time, but nothing of m. very definite nature has yet been Seamed, unless it Is the fact that the coal dust does not l.Tnlte when thero 17 a great amount of moisture In It. Kv ry effort la being made at the ttatipn to come aa close to the condt lions in a mine as possible. The tests oi various dynamites and powders ruv-t in blasting coal are being made 'in a mammoth boiler plate cylinder whkb has previously been filled with KM or cual dust. The cylinder Is 100 rfeet long and 6 ft. In diameter. Safe ly vulves have been placed ail along the top nnd are left unfastened In such a manner that whrnever thero Ii tn explosion tne valves open on tli ir hinge. j-erles of port hole on the side, covered with one-half Incn i.'ass, enabi those conducting the experiments l viltn-'' the results from an obesrvatlon houo sixty feet ii way. An explosive mixture of fire damp and air, or coil diiKt an 1 a.T Is pumped Into the cylinder an! the cxi'l.ntve which Is to be tstd 1 shot Into it from one er.il cf the cylinder.- o that the rta rp gcej right Intj the fire damn or ca.l iuM. Na1 i.ral gas is use, at this station for lire damp, because It corresponds vi ry closely to this deadly gas. The cannon In which tne explosives are plac-l is fired by tleelrlclty from the otservaiion house which is par iillel w!th the cvlinder itself. These Investigations nre exported t") pccompllah a double purpose; not rnly a reduction in the number of men killed In the mines, but nlso a Moving of the w.aste in mining coal. The use of the Improper explosives, as well as the improper use of suit able explosives, results annually In the waste of great amounts of coal. The use of too high charges In blast ing, or the use of "unnesessarily vio li nt ixplotdves shatters much good coal converting fuel Into dust which may itself be explosive nnd become I rothiotive of much further damage. Such ixpl"tdons often loosen the roof i t a coal mini', which may fall later to be wasted, or productive of fatal accidents. In addition to the actual experi ments in testing t xplosives. Important experiments are hi Ing mnde In res iu" work. One jart of the slatlon has been fltti d up as a miniature coal mine. This is a largo glass-encased air tight room which contains difficult p;;s?ae s such as are found In coal mines. There are also various ob struct ins similar to what would be found ii a mint after It had been recked by an explosion; also dum mies weighing 150 to 200 pounds. v presenting asphyxiated miners. This room ii? filled with deadly gas and a csc'.'e corps of men who are being trained In tre work, enter dally, in Bill-Boards Latest Weapons in 'Frisco's War on Japs Who uanfs an ORIENTAL CALIFORNIA? '.Vim pref ers MONGOLIAN t to Caucasian Standards? Hlto Believes llm! his imltisliiiil Activity is immune to Asiatic f Lwnptiuiion r 11 test D3K0T PATRONIZE JAPANESE ' jap leacus: m THE JAPS" It Is laundry workers of San Fran cisco who are the latest of organ'zed Pan Francisco, Cal Dec. 11.- While the Japanese and American 11... .... v II.. ,i n (imiirn nt wnsn neron TLre jiieriiijf . . . .... n,in. helmets which supply them with oxy- , 1 "" - ! lanor s nosx to ieei ine eompein.u,, gen while th-v work. The men re- 'exchanging mutual assurances )f ; tlf the llttI, brown man. They have . . - - .... . . , 1 i 1 n 1. 1 t n 1 . 1 1 ii insiii in this Ciamber ror two hours, goodwill anu uio gwmu , enucuvui en iu m. i. mo im n irmvu g obiMuc'ions, picking up the .-Urengthening their military and naval' iness competition, but with each low dumries, placi'm them on stretchers ' forces, the agitation agalnwt Japanese j ering of the laundry schedule, the and carrying them away. Thero Is cheap labor throughout the. Pacific Japanese have been able to undersell a!.-o In the room a machine which: coast shows no signs of abatement, j their labor and st.il mane prom.. recort't the amount of work a man The latest outbreak has occurred in l "The Japanese are a menace to our may be oxpec ted to do w hile wearing J Sun Francisco, w here the billboards j economic peace and prosperity, to rne of these helmets. One-half of are blazoning forth an appeal to the the cry of the harrassed laundry men ;he large building In which this res- public to use "the only effective rem-, and women. "They are driving our cue room Is located is used as nniedy at hand" and refrain from pat- i.udltorium and several hundred mln- ronlzing the Japanese. ers and operators have watched the j Large four-sheet posters, done pa tescue drill through the large glass j trloticully In red and blue Ink on vindows which separate the audlto- white paper, command the attention r'um from the gas-filled chamber. Al-j0f the puserby on every corner, though there has been but little op- "Who wants an Oriental Califor portunity so far for the rescue corps nia7" g the greeting. to demonstrate Its efficiency at the "Who prefers Mongolian to Cau- the board of police commissioners mines, still It has done some K00,1jcasian standards?" Is the succeeding I when the city officials were under the work. lauery. I dominion of Abraham Ruef, recently uhcb xne neimeiea men wniie ngni- white men and white women out of the . laundry geld and out of other In dustrial Melds. "They are demundlng special priv ileges that are denied tq all other aliens" le the charge. That accusation Is the outgrowth of the discovery that five years ago Who believes that his. Industrial , convicted of bribery, Issued permits ing a mine Are succeeded In bringing nctivltv is Immune to Oriental com- to Japanese to sell liquor. Irrespective an unconscious man to a place of Fafety, where he was given oxygen 'reatment and recovered his senses in a short time. It Is not the Intention of the Unlt td States government to furnish res cue corps whenever there Is a disas ter. The present corps was organ ised with the idea of encouraging the mine owners and miners themselves to form such organizations. Invita tions have Seen issued to operators throughout the country to send picked men to the experiment station, where they may watch the government res cuers at work and later go through the same training themselves, In or der that they may gain the necessary confidence In the use of these hel mets. Already a number of the large mining companies have taken petition?" Then in large red letters: of th lay that forbade privilege. Aliens that "THE YANKEE DOODIiK HOY" The theatrical ta?te of the theatre going public Is constantly changing and lucky Indeed Is the author who can evolve some "play delicacy" which will succeed In itiekling the "amusement palate" of the great ma jority. Such, however, has been Ilalton Powell's good fortune with "The Yankee Doodle Boy" the music play which Powell & Cohan will pre sent here at the E!ka' Theatre on Monday night. The play depicts the many humor ous adventures of "Bud Hicks" one of those slangy, flashily dressed, de- ndvantage of this Invitation and are'cldedly Independent young fellows organizing rescue corps at their, who are typical of our great cities, mines, fully equipped with oxygen hel-j Iud halls from Chicago and In the mets. first act 1 dazzling the natives of In 1907 more than 5,125 menwerejthe small suburban town of Downer's killed In the coal mines of the coun- Ulrove, 111., with his "glad rags" as try a death rate of 4.86 for every 'he (terms his clothes. The pretty 1 000 men employed. This is from young country girls look good to Bud three to four times as many men per and he mnkus a deep Impression by thousand as were killed In any coal- telling of his great wealth and many producing; country of Europe, where remarkable achievements, which ex experimental stations such as the 1st only In his fertile Imagination. one in Pittsburg have been In opera- However, he establishes himself as a great favorite and 1h having a most enjoyable time when his "butting in" Before buying call and see our list ' propensities get the best of him and of residences. Prices J850 to $5,000. he mixes in a family quarrel. Bud Vacant lots foi sale. John Borra- simply can't stand Idly by and see a aalle, oeraer Third und Gold. woman get the worst of It, so ho in- tion for several years. tcrferes and thereby brings on a cli max. In the second and third acts all the characters have "skidooed'' to Chicago and are In a glorious mix up. Finally all is straightened out and ends happily through tho strenu ous efforts of "The Yankee Doodle Boy." During the action of the three acU tin new original song hits are Intro duced, as well as several pretty danc ing numbers. Good Cbiigh Medicine for Children The season for coughs and colds k- ow at hand and too much care can not be used to protect the children. A child Is much more likely tj con tract diphtheria or scarlet fever when he has a cold. The qnulcker you curt his cold the less the risk. Cham berlain's Cough Remedy is the sole reliance of many mothers, and few of those who have tried It are wllllns to use any other. Mrs. F. F. Starcher, of Ripley, W. Va says: "I have nev er used anything other than Cham berlain's Cough Remedy for my chil dren and It has always given goji' satisfaction." This remedy contain no opium or other narcotic and may be given as confidently to a child ot to an adult. For sale by all druggists, o A vote OfaliiHt tlio sewer bonds is a vote ngnlnst Greater Alliu(iicro,ue.. TON 4L, I If you have lost your Job you can soon get another by running an ad In NATIONAL LIVE STOCK EXPOSITION AND HORSE FAIR NATIONAL AMPHITHEATRE, UNION STOCK YARDS DENVER, JANUARY 18-23, 1909, INCLUSIVE Grand Public Sales of Pure Bred Registered Breeding Cattle UNDER AUSPICES OF NATIONAL RECORD ASSOCIATIONS. The Citizen WANT COI,rMXS. Your printed matter is usually your first representa tive to a prospective custo mer. You should not send a shabby representative The cost Is small; the re sults are big. !9'SK 1 imiiillBSlMUiW. CLOSING OUT Sale of clothing, shoes, underwear, lankets, comforts at unheard of low rices. Don't mifs this. Men's suits up to $8 at $3.50 mens i.ou paniaioons ii.uu tien s ooii cuius, tl.iiu, iinu ,s.iv .... I . K A .1 S nt '1 nn n BUOd t.JU HIIU J .IL And every article in the house at like reu ucuons. CASH BUYERS' UN10I v 122 Htrth Second VM. DOI.DK. rrop. Highland Livery HAMBROOK DRU Phone 598. 119, ui S I'p-to-daie turnout. B4 bifin In Lh city. Proprietor 4 Ma," tbe pleino ill WPIIIL'U,,, TIIE MAKING OF A MAX Id the most Important thing on earth, and it's lareelv a auestlon of food end education. Everyone should be educated to eat only pure rood, our bread Is pure, light and nutritious. Eat plenty of It, and then your body will be strong and healthy. Our rolls, cakes pastry, etc., are as good aa our bread. Pioneer Bakery, 207 South First St. Of the Right Sort i For More Than Twenty Years THE CITIZE (XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXJ 50 Herefords 50 Wednesday, Jan. 20 The American Hereford Cattle Breeders' Association will offer fifty head of Registered Hereford Bulls and Heifers, selected from e me of the best herds in the country. All choice individuals. For catalogue and particulars, ad dress, C. It. THOMAS, Secretary. Kansas City, Mo. 50 Shorthorns 50 Thursday, Jan. 21 The American Shorthorn Cattle Breeders' Association will offer fifty head of Registered .Shorthorn Bulls and Heifers, selected from the bit herds In the country. All choice In dividuals. For catalogue and particulars, address, 11. O. COWAX. Asst. Sec'y. 17 Kxrlmnsro Aie. CliU-iig", III. 50 Galloways 50 Friday, Jan. 22. The American Galloway Cattle Breeders' Association will offer fifty head of Registered fialloway Bulls and Heifeii, selected from best herds hi the cou ltry. For catiloguo and particulars, address, KOI IT. V. IUIOWX, Secretary, 17 Ivvcliiuiffo Avo., Chicago, 111. Sale Pure Bred Berkshire Hogs Thursday, January 21, 10 a. m. I'nny Hejjurtcred Ilcrkslili-e, Henry & Re;;";, 1'ort Ixtguii, Colorado. Sale Pure Bred Sheep Tli ere will U? olV.rcl nt 1'rhate Salo n Iryo Number of Choice Pure Rr il and i;. L-tei e,l slieep of Various Rrccd. FOR RENT Store Rooms on First nt. and West Central ave. Store rooms on Fifth t., between West Cen tral and Cold. FOIl SALK 8 ueres, 7 mill's from city at a bargain. M. L. Schutt 219 outh Second Scree. txoxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; W. L. TRIMBLE & CO. L1VEKY, SALE, FEED 7D TKAXSFKK STABL." Horses and Mules bought ' d Ex changed. BEST TURNOUTS IN TH CIT1 Second Street betwesa Cent! hi aa4 Coppr At. Don't Forget The ALBUQUERQUE PLANINfi Milt THIJ OI.DFJST StIIX IX THE CITT When lu need of sasti, door frame etc Sowi work a dpeeiatty 40 South First Sreot. Telephone 41. KILL the COUCH AND CURE the LUNGS THE FOURTH ANNUAL NATIONAL UFSTFRN Tnnif Qunw Will !,f held in i ho New Natio ml Amphitheatre just completed at a cost of $200,000. Capacity lo.ouo pn.ple. I AIiihiuo,,., ally and t ieniiig. f LOW KVIKS OX A Mi KAIMtOMlS m mmiiv. run im r n-,u;?T3Lf"Jff!a.mJ gMLiaLUJIWgJU 1 J. .X MWI rtvnrvtr-nm, www WITH Dr. King' s How Discovery J I uii VOLDS Mai Bum. fttt AND ALL THROAT AND I I'NG TROIIBI E3. t O U AK A N IKE D 8 AT IS F ACXOK 1 OB WONKY r-El UHDUXJ. has been producing the high est class of Job Printing for the business men of this city and the other cities and towns of New Mexico. We have always kept abreast with the times and are bet ter than ever equipped to execute your order. Whether it be a hundred cards or a hundred thousand edition, your order will re ceive the careful attention of competent workmen. We guarantee prompt de livery and full count. Attractive, Business Getting PRINTING i As a man is judged by the clothes he wears so a firm is judged by the printing it sends oat. Do you realize the value of a neat, well printed letterhead or booklet? S3BSS