tiesoav, Fi:nituAnv it. io.
PUBLISHED DAILY AND WEEKLY
By the Citizen Publishing Company of Albuquerque, New Atexico.
W. S. STRICKLER
WILLIAM. F. BROGAN
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kkjrtiHliig medium of the Southwest.
THE ALlirQCEKQfE CITIZEN IS:
The leading ltipiildli-nn daily and weekly nesaper of tl Soihwest.
The advocate of Hepuhliean principles and the "Square peal."
THE ALBCQVEnQUE CITIZEN 1LS:
Tlie fluent eqnipiM-d Job deiwrtmeiit In Now Mexico.
ilie latest tvporta by Associated Vrvm and Auxiliary New Service.
"WE GET THE NEWS EIKST."
STATEHOOD FOR NEW MEXICO"
,We faror the Immediate admission of the territories of New Mexico and
Arlaona aa aeparate states In the Union. Republican National Platform.
(if JJfiis Story is 5rue
From Nile. Mich., comes the story that mi Inventor named Itensnii has
solved the problem that scientists for ftenerati'ins have I"; en baffled liy the
turning of coal directly int.i power, without burnliiR.
We all know that when we burn coal to make steam most of Its enersy
goes up In smoke, and Is wasted in other ways. We waste It in a manner
like that of eating the skin of the fowl and throwing away the body, or drink
ing the foam from the glass and throwing away the lliiulil.
With our coal supply In thinner of exhaustion, the story from Niles be
The inventor is said to grind up the coal Into powder and force It into a
red hot retort with chemical-laden air. where It suddenly explodes, and en
ters a chamber at a, pressure of 500 pounds to the square Inch, being all con
sumed, and driving the engine with no smolo or other waste.
The United States government his discovered that coal dust Is explosive.
Ing ago it was found by the blowing up of several flouring mills in Minne
apolis that the dust of wheat is as explosive as gunpowder. Scientists have
long considered the explosion of powder, dynamite and nltro-glycerlne as pos
sible modes of running machinery. So that the explosion of powdered fuel
in a chamber as a driving force for mechanism Is not as incredible as It may
at first seem. Even if the Michigan story be not true, the direct conversion
of coal to power may be looked for In some similar way at any time.
What would be the effect of such a discovery?
All the steam engines would be at once out of date. Ships and locomo
tives would carry only a pound of fuel where they now carry a thousand.
Electricity would become so cheap that it would be cheaper to heat and cook
with it than Alburn coal. Power from plants using coal would be cheaper
i ' ' Wio nan-dust from a furniture factory, nowdered and con
oid run the machinery for half a dozen factories of
ndent coal operators would be able to furnish all the
of business. The lignite beds of the west would yield
'ole nation could use. Warships would be able to sail
' d with a tenth of their present quota of fuel. Firemen
The stoking would be done with a little dust carrier
REPORT OF FARM
coal needed r.
more coal thanl
twice around the
would be out of joos
th lo nf a tor. The coal ears of the railways could, nine hundred and
ninety-nine out of a thousand of them, haul something else. The car short
age on the railways would be a thing of the past. The farmers could pow
der their straw, convert into power and generate electricity to light and heat
their houses and do their cooking. The smoke of the cities would be a thing
of the past. London fog would pas away with Pittsburg smoke. The Stand
ard Oil company would be put out of business by cheap electricity. Baer
would be stripped bare. Coal enough for great factories could be shipped
anywhere at a nominal cost. A new era would be ushered in. The effect on
the man who has nothing to Bell but his labor would be what? Figure on
that a minute! , . .
The absurdity of some of our laws has been brought to light by n recent
case In Illinois. A certain Uosenburg sued Joseph for damages, charging
slander, and obtained a Judgment awarding him 50 balm for wounded honor.
When Rosenburg tried to collect his Judgment, Joseph pleaded a married
man's exemption to the extent of $400, and escaped payment. Under the
Illinois law the holder of an unsatisfied Judgment may send the debtor to Jail,
and keep him there, provided the creditor pays the sheriff's board bill.
Therefore. Joseph is in Jail, and Rosenburg I handing over $10.50 a week to
the sheritT. He may stay there a year, unless he pays the Judgment, and if
Rosenburg keeps the board bill paid.
Section 1 of Article 13 of the amendments to the Constitution declares
that Involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the
party shall have been duly convicted, shall not exist in the United States. If
Joseph is not enduring Involuntary servitude what is It he suffers? They also
serve who only stand and wait. Joseph has not been convicted of any crime.
The action brought against him was a civil one. for damages. He has a wife
and a home and a business, now suspended. If he as Judgment proof, that
was the misfortune of poverty. The Illinois law Is mediaeval and absurd,
nd an attack on those theories of society which would keep the worker at
work. Resides that, though It Is now holding Joseph. It will hardly hold
water In court.
Because a London editor was sentenced on Friday to two years' Impris
onment for "publishing statements Intended to deceive the shareholders of a
certain company and for having misappropriated $7,140," it would be wrong
to assume that English law watches very closely newspaper publications af
fecting shares of companies. The most notorious blackmailing sheets In the
world are some of the ttngllsh financial and trade Journals. It was probably
the $7,140 that sent this particular editor to Jail.
An officer of the army medical corps. Lieutenant Colonel Charles Rich
ard, has an article In the Journal of the Military Service Institution questton
, ing the value of the tests of endurance and ctlklency laid down for army
officers by the president. Just wait till the White House dictionary unlim
bers on Lieutenant Colonel Charles Richard and that officer will have an op
portunity for a real test of his own endurance.
Nevada Is clamoring for war with Japan, if we are to believe some of
her representatives in the legislature. Of course, while perfectly willing to
declare war against Japan, Nevada would count upon Uncle Sam to do the
fighting. The most that could be expected of Nevada, outside of her legisla
tive halls, would be to conduct a war against a small-sized Jap.
The approval by the supreme court of Missouri of a sentence of one year
and a fine of $1,000 against h chauffeur whose reckless ili ivim; resulted in a
child's death will be generally indorsed, lirivers of automobiles who fall to
recognize their responsibilities and the rights of pedestrians have no claim
Roosevelt has been offered $300. nno a s-ason to ride bucking bronchos
In a Wild West show. There Is no doubt that the president could make cn.i.l
on the Joh but it would seem rather tame after breaking bucking corpora
tions to the government saddle.
Highwaymen have begun to invade Chicago restaurants and hull up the
patrons. An exchange remarks that the waiters will prolialilv enter a pro-
An Indiana woman hunte.l nineteen years for lier husband an. finally
found him. There is littie probability, however, that he told her where he had
Harriman wants several competent men to manage acquired railroads at
salarli s ranging from $2.VU0 io $50,000 a eai H ie is a good chance for a
California has been oeevlsh i iv since the Atlantic licet was taken away
from the Pacific coast. Perhaps tliat explains why anti-Japanese sentiment
Is rampant. Jsa- '
A St. Louis sir) eliminated the u rd "ol-y" from the marriage c mtr ict
and submitted the word "humor," but the i h.mees are it won't be as funny
as it founds to the husband.
The I'liicago N'cws observes that some women ko down town and loaf
all afternoon and e.ul It h 'pnine, on ine other hand, some men go down
town and loaf uM wiling Mtid call it a lodge meeting
"'! i.l in .ii hin-, have ou ...e -urcd our lieen-c? Ves" Then let's have
Why de thy continue to quote egs by the dozen?
(Onitlnucd from Page One.)
culture, It is not within the sphere
of any government to reorganize the
fa miens' business or reconstruct the
social life of farming communities. It
is, however, quite within its power to
use its Influence and the machinery
of publicity which it can control for
calling public attention to tne needs
and the facts. For example, It Is the,
obvious duty of the govertino nt to.
call the attention of farmers t i the
growing monopolization of wafer
power. The farmers above all should !
have that power, on reasonable terms j
for cheap transportation, for lighting!
tin Ir homes, and for innumerah'e
iisi s in the daily tasks on the farm.
It would be Idle to assert that life
on the farm occupies as good a posi
tion in dignity, desirability, and busi
ness results us the farmers might eas
ily give It if they chose. One of the
chief difficulties Is the failure of
country life, as It exists at present, t
satisfy the higher social and intellect
ual aspirations of country peopl".
Whether the constant draining away
of so much of the best elements in
the rural population Into the towns
is duo chiefly to this cause or to the
superior business opportunities of city I
life may be open to question. I!ut no
one at all familiar with farm life
throughout the United States can fall
to recognize the necessity for building
up the life of the farm upon its social
as well as upon its productive side.
It is true that country Hie has im
proved greatly In attractiveness,
health and comfort, and that the far- ,
mer's earnings &re higher than they
were. Hut city life is udvancing even I
more rapidly, because of tlv greater
attention which Is being glvei by the '
citizens of the towns to their own
betterment. For Just this reason the
Introduction of effective agricultural
co-operation throughout the United
States Is of the first importance.
Where farmers are organized co-operatively
they not only avail them
selves much mote readily of business
opportunities and improved methods.
but It Is found that the organ'zations
which bring them together In the
work of their lives are used aluo for
social and Intellectual advancement.
The co-operative plan Is the best
plan of organizations when vi r men
have the right spirit t carry it out.
Under this plan any business under
taking Is manured by a committee:
every man has one vote and only niie
vote; and everyone gets profits ac
cording to what he sells or buys or
supplies. It develops Individual re
sponsloility and has a moral as well
as a financial value over any other
I desire only to take counsel with
the farmers us fellowcitizcns. It
not the problem of the .'arm era alone
that I am discussing with them, but
a problem which Hfftt Is every city as
well as every farm In the country. It
Is a .problem which the working far
mers will havo to solve for them
selves; but it Is a problem w hich also
affects in only less degree all the nut
of us, and therefore If we can render
any help toward Its solution, it is
not only our duty but our interest to
The foregoing will, I hope, make It
clear why I appointed a comnlisslon
to consider problems of farm life
which have hitherto had far too littl"
attention, and the neglect of which
has not only held back life in the
country, but also lowered the efficien
cy of the whole nation. The wel
fare of the farmers l of vital conse
quence to the welfare of the whole
community. The strengthening of
country life, therefore, is t!iii
strengthening of the whole nation.
The commission has tried to help
the farmers me clearly their problem
and to s' f it us a whole; to distinguish
clearly between und to distinguish
between what the government can
do and What the farmers muHt do for
themselves; and it wishes to bring not
only the farmers but the nation as a
whole to realize that the 'growing if
crops, though uli essential part. ,s
only a part of country life. Crop
growing is the essential foundation;
but it no less essential that the far
mer shall get an adequate return for
what he grows; and It is no less es
sential indeed it t literally vital
that he and his wife und 'his children
shull lead the right kind of life.
For this reusou, it is of the first
importance that the United states de
partment of agriculture, through
which as .prime agent the ideas the
commission stands for must reach the
people, should become without ib-lav
in fact a department of country life.,
fitted t deal not only with crops, but
also with nil the larger aspects of life
in the open country.
From all that has been done and
learned three great general and im
mediate needs of country life stand
First, effective yo-opera tion unions
farmers, to put them on a level witlj
the opgajiizcd interests with which
they ii,, business.
S 'on I. a new kind of sc hools in
the country, which rthall teach the
children a.s much outdoors as indoors
and perhaps more, so that they will
prepare for country life, and not as
at present, mainly for life In town.
Third, better means of communi
cation, including good roads and a
parcels post, which the country peo
ple an- everywhere and rightly unani
mous in demanding.
To these may well be addcl better
sanitation; for easily preventable dis
eases hold half a million country peo
ple in the slavery uf continuous ill
The commission points nut and I
c incur in the coiulu.-ion, that the
most important hi lp that the govern
ment, whether national or Male, can
give is to show the people how to go
about these tasks ,,f organization,
education and communication with
the best and quickest results. Till"
can be done by the collection and
spread of information. One commu
nity can thus be Informed of what
other communities have done, and
one country of what other countries
have done. Such help by the people'
government would leud to a compre
hensive plan of organization, educa
tion and communication, and make
the farming country better to live in,
for Intellectual und social reasons as
well as for purely agricultural na
The government through the de
partment 0f agriculture does not cul
tivate any man's farm for him. Hut
rami Tor him It does put at his service
useful knowledge that he would not
otherwise get. In the same way the
national and state government might
put into the people's hands the new
and right knowledge of school wink.
The task of maintaining and develop
ing the schools would remain, as now,
with the people themselves.
The only recommendation I submit
is that an appropriation of $2."i.00i) be
provided, to enable the commission to
digest the material it has collected,!
and to collect and to digest much
more than Is within its reach, and
thus compl. te its work. This would
enable tne commission to digest tho
material It has collected, and to col
lect and to digest much more that Is
within its reach, and thus complete
Its work. This would enable tiie com
mission to gather In the harvest of
suggestion which is resulting from
the discussion It has .stirred up. Tho
commissioners have served without
compensation, and I do not recom
mend any appropriation for their ser
vices, but only for liio expenses that
will be required to finish the task
that they have begun.
To improve our system nf agricul
ture seems to me the must urgent of
the tusks Which lie before us. Hut It
can not, In my Judgment, be effected
by measures which touch only the
material and technical side of the
subject; the whole business and life
of the farmer must also be taken Into
account. Such considerations led me
to appoint the commission on country
life. Our object should be to help !
velup In tho country community the
great ideals of community life us well
a.s of personal character. One of the
most important adjuncts to this end
must bo tho country church, und I
Invite your attention to what the
commission says of the country
church and of the need of an exten
sion of 'such work as that of the
Young- Men's Christian Association in
country communities. Let me lay
special i-mphasis upon what the com
mission cHiys at the very end of its re
port on personal Ideals and local
leadership. Everything resolves It
self In the end into the question of
personality. Neither society nor gov
ernment can do much for country
life unless there is voluntary response
In the personal ideals of the men and
women who live in the country. In
the development of chaiacter, the
home should be more important than
the school, or than society at large.
When once the basic material needs
have been met. high Ideals may be
quite independent of income; but
they can not be realized without suf
ficient income to provide udequate
foundation; -and where the commu
nity at large is not linaneially pros
perous It Is impossible to develop a
high average personal and community
ideal. In istyort, the fundamental
facts of huiiun nature apply to men
and women "who live In the country
Just as they apply to men and women
who live in the country Just as they
apply to m;n and women who live In
the towns, (Jiven a sufficient foun
dation of material well being, the in
fluence of the farmers and farmers'
wives on their children becomes the
factor of first Importance in deter
mining; the attitude of the next gen
eration toward farm life. The farmer
should realize that the person who
most needs consideration on the farm
Is his wife. I do not In tho least mean
that she should purchase ease at the
expense of duty. Neither man nor
woman is really happy or really use
ful save on condition of doing his or
her duty, lr the woman shirks her
duty as housewife, us homekeeper,
as the neither whose prime function
it is to bear and rear a sufficient
number of healthy children, then she
Is not entitled to our regard. Hut If
she does her duty she is more entitled
to our regard even than the man who
does his duty; and the man should
sluw special consideration for her
1 warn my countrymen that the
great recent progress made In city
life lj not a full measure of our civili
zation; for our civilization rests at
bottom on the w holesomeness, the at
tractiveness, and the completeness, as
well as the prosperity, of life In tho
country. The men and women on the
faints stand for what is fundamental
ly best and most needed In our Am
erican life. Upon the development
of country life rests ultimately our
ability, by methods of farming re
quiring the highest Intelligence, to
continue to feed and clothe the hun
gry nations; to' supply the city with
fresh blood, cban bodies, and clear
brains that can endure the terrific
strain of modern life; we need the
development of men In the open coun
try, w.io will be in the future, as In
the past the stay and strength of the
nation in time of war and its guiding
and controlling spirit In time of peace.
TH i: ij M (RE R (SEVELT.
The W hite House. Feb. it. 190.
sl'.MMllCY OF Till: KKPOKT.
The report of the commission de
m ri och with some fullness the exist
ing conditions of farm life and points
out the causes that may have led to
Its present lack of organization. It
suggests niithods for the redirection
of rural society, for arresting the
I'lift to the city, for maintaining tho
natural rights of the farmer und for
the development of an organized
rural life that will promote the pros
pi city of the whole nation.
Hroadly speaking, agriculture in the
United Slates is prosperous and the
conditions in many of the great
farming regions me Improving. Cotin
tr h nnes generally are improving in
cmt'ort. attractiveness and health
fulness. Many institutions, organiza
tions l.nd movi incuts are actively
contributing to the increasing wel
fare of the open country.
Thi re has never been a time when
the America farmer was as well off
L he is toliy. when not only his
ehrning power but h" comforts and
advantages he may secure are con
sidered. There has bein a enm
Ilete and fuvlamuital change In
cur whole economic system within
the past century.
Vi t It Is true, notwithstanding all
this progress as measured by his
torical standards, that agriculture Is
not commercially as profitable as It
is entitled to he for tho labor and
energy that the farmer expends and
the risks that he assumes, and that
the social conditions In the open
country are far short of their possi
bilities. Rural society- Is lacking chiefly n
n knowledge on the part of the
farmers of the exact airrlcultur.il con
ditions and possibilities of their re
gions, resulting In the widespread
depletion of soils with the injurious
effect on rural life; In proper train
ing for country life In the schools;
In good highway facilities and In
organization for buying and selling.
There Is an absence of any ad
equate system of agricultural credit,
a shortage of labor, often complicat
ed by Intemperance nmong workmen:
a lack of institutions and Incentives
that tie the laboring man to the soil;
the life of the farm woman is bur
densome and narrow; there Is need of
adequate supervision of public health.
The farmer Is handicapped by the
speculative holding of lands, monop
olistic control of streams and forests,
waste of our natural resources and
In restraint of trade.
Some of the remedies for the con
ditions set forth lie with the national
government, some of thern with the
states and communities in their cor
porate capacities, some with volun
tary organizations, and some with In
dividuals acting alone.
All organized forces both In town
and country should understand that
there are country phases as well as
city phases of our civilization, and
that one phase needs help as much
as the other. All these agencies
should realize their, responsibility to
society. Many existing organizations
and Institutions might become prac
tically co-operative or mutual in
spirit, ns for example, nil agricultural
societies, libraries. Young Men's
Christian associations, and churches.
All the organizations standing for
rural progress should be federated In
states and nation.
There are several gnat forces or
principles, which must be utilized in
the endeavor to solve the country life
There must be a vast enlargement
of voluntary, organized effort among
farmers themselves. It is Indispensa
ble that farmers should work to
gether for their common Interests and
for the national welfare. If they do
not do this no governmental ac
tivity, no legislation,, not even better
schools, will greatly avail. The forces
and Institutions that make for mor
ality and spiritual ideals among
rural people must be energized.
There must he .lot only a fuller
scheme of public education, but a
new kind of education adapted to
the real needs of the farming peo
pie. The country schools are to be
so redirected that they shall educate
their pupils in' terms of the daily life.
Opportunities for training toward the
agricultural callings are to bo multi
plied and made broadly effective.
Ths means redoubled efforts for bet
ter country schools, and a vastly In
creased interest in tho welfare of
country boys and girls on the part
of those who pay the school taxes.
Education by means of ugrlculture Is
to be a part of our regular public
school work. Special agricultural
schools are to be organized.
Tho country people everywhere are
asking for good roads. Everywhere,
too, they want a parcels post and the
extension of the rural free delivery.
The commission has purposely
avoided endorsing any particular bill
now before Congress, no matter what
its value or object. In the opinion
of the commission, however, there arc
two or three movements of the ut
most consequence that should be set
under way at the earliest possible
time because they are fundamental
to the whole problem of permanent
reconstruction. There should be or
ganized under government leader
ship a comprehensive plan for an
exhaustive study or survey of all the
conditions that surround the busi
ness of farming and the people who
live In the country, In order to take
stock of our resources and to supply
the farmer with knowledge.
Each state college of agriculture
should organize as soon a spractl
cable, a complete department of col
lege extension. Local, state and even
national conferences on rural pro
gress, designed to unite the interests
of education, organization and re
ligion, should be held.
There Is need for young people of
quality, energy, capacity, aspiration
and conviction, who will live In the
open country us permanent residents
on farms or as teachers, or in other
useful fields, and who, while develop
ing their own business or affairs to
the greatest perfection, will still have
unselfish Interest In the welfare of
their communities. The farming
country is by no means devoid of
leaders and is not lost or Incapable
of helping Itself, but it has been rel
atively overlooked by persons who
are seeking great fields of usefulness.
It will be well for us ns a people if
we recognize the opportunity for
usefulness in the open country and
consider that there Is a call for serv
ice. The suggestions of the commission
Only outline a general plan whereby
the ctrong resident forces In the open
country may themselves build up a
new- and better rural social structure.
To accomplish this, the entire people
must be aroused. The time for this
1h at hand.
BEST CO A L !
Hard as FlintPerfectly Clean
Burnt LongestBurnt Up Clean
Best Rocky Cliff Lump, $5.75 per Ton
Best Rocky Cliff Egg, $4.25 per Ton
Try it and you will use no other
Direct Line Coal Co.
Phone 29 First St. and truit Ave.
Jobbing Promptly Attended to
Phoutu: Shop IOCS; Residence M2
Slitp Comer Fourth St. and Copper JUt.
ALBUQUERQUE, N. U.
M RIDLEY, President U. B. RAY, Secretary-Treasurer
WILLIAM BRYCE, MANAGER
Albuquerque Foundry &
IRON AND BRASS CASTINGS
General Foundry and Machine Shop Albuquerque. N. M.
THE STORY OF
"The Vacant House
OR FURNISHED ROOM
If told in our want columns will
quickly bring you a tenant
We will tell the story for y ou
One time for 25 cents
Three times for 3 5f cents
Six times for 50 cents
We assure you that your story
will be read and your want grat
ified, for we are gelting goo J re
sults for scores of people daily.
UNLIKE ANY OTHER
The Weekly Kansas City Star
The Weekly Star, in addition to printing the
entire news of the week in concise form, has
Absolutely Accurate Market Quotations
So valuable are these that such are copyrighted by
The Star and appear only in this newspaper.
The Weekly Star has also the famous Chaperon
Feature which furnishes free, advise and help On many
perplexing problems. Also Answers" which takes
care of all questions the reader cares to ask.
It has a practical, successful Kansas farmer in
charge of its Farming Department, which is of great
value to all farmers and stockmen.
The Weekly Kansas City Star isn't for any
limited set of people: it's for every member of every
family. If you don't find something of interest in a
particular issue, well, the office looks on that issue as
a failure. 25c pays for one year.
THE WEEKLY KANSAS CITY STAR, KANSAS CITY, MO.
BAM BROOK BRO
lit. faa SL
Vp-U-di turnout B Irtift
hi (be city. Proprietor 4 4a4ie,a
W. L.' TRIMBLE & CO.
LIVKKY. SALE. FEED . rD
Horti and Male bought td JEX.
BEST TURNOUTS IN TH CITT
Second Strt between CeatLBf ao
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