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Al.KTOt KlM.'f fITIKN.
THl'HSIlAV. MAY ;7. 1909. The Albuquerque Citizen PUBLISHED DAILY AND WEEKLY By ibe Citizen Publishing Company of Albuquerque, New Mexico. W. S. STRICKLER PRESIDENT THE OFFICIAL March 29, 1909. Territory of New Mexico, Office of the Secretary. Public notice Is hereby given that In compliance with acctlon 9 of Council ubtltute for House bill No. 21S of the Thirty-eighth legis lative assembly, approved March 17. 1909, requiring the Secretary of the Territory to designate an official newspaper of New Mexico, The Albuquerque Citizen Is hereby designated as such official newspaper of New Mexico. (Signed) NATHAN JAFFA. (Seal) Secretary of New Mexico, SUBSCRIPTION RATES. itmm yer by mil In advance nun til by oil Um aaoatb by carrier within cHy UmlU. Entered m oml -class matter at Act of ConiMM of March S, 187t. The only lllnitt rated dally newspaper In New Mrxlao and Uie he ad- wtlalng medium of the Sontbwcst. . ALBTJQCERQCE CITIZEN' IS: 11m leading Republican dally and weekly urwapaprr of the Sovtbwewt. The advocate of Republican principles and the "Square Deal." rut ALBTJQCERQCE CITIZEN It AS: The Nnest equipped Job department In New Mexico. fTe latewt n 'porta by Asanrlaied Presw and Auxiliary New Servlae. "WE GET THE 'NEWS FIRST." STATEHOOD FOR NF.W MEXICO" vm favor the Immediate admission of the territories of New Mexico and Henna aa pirate state In the Union. Republican National Platform. O Disgraceful Condition "I read the editorial In the Citizen last night suggesting that the city council purchase a few barrels of oil and exterminate the mosquitoes that hatch In the poola of water along the Rln Grande and in the pastures west cif the city. I think the suggestion Is one cif the best ever offered. If the people of this city only realized that they could exterminate the mosquito in this section at a far smaller cost than they now sereen all their porches, windows and doers, the pest would have been wiped out long ago." This communication to the Citizen came this morning from a prominent physician who recently looked over the conditions In the mosiiuito breeding districts and who declares thst the task of exterminating the pest Is a very aim pie one. The city council should take the matter up without delay. The oil necessary for the first experiment would cost but very little and the city health officer could distribute It without additional expense to the city. Any of the physicians in the city would wlllirgly supervise the placing of the oil or the matter could be placed In the hands of the city physkian if he has the time to devote to it. The Citizen has interviewed a number of people most nffected by resi dence close to the mosquito districts and without exception, they are strongly in favor of the plan suggested In last evening's paper. In the east, the mos quito has been wiped out especially In the summer resort districts, and these same communities are now engaged In exterminating the housefly. It Is a conservative assertion to any thHt B0 per cent of the1 fever cbrih In thia city during the summer can be prevented by killing off the mosqui toes. It Is a disgraceful condition when the residents of the best portlors of a city like Albuquerque are compelled to screen their homes in order to live comfortably during the summer months, nnd a campaign against the mos quito would be one of the most popular Improvements the city administra tion could undertake. It Is to be hoped the council will give the matter due consideration and that without undue delay. Pure rHifti Every now and then some dairyman Is reported to the city council as Billing milk below the standard required by ordinary health conditions. This paper does not pretend to sit in judgment on either the dairymen or the city orficiuls charged with the duty of seeing that the milk Ib maintained at a certain standard. However, it Is apparent to the average consumer that occasionally milk is of a color and a quality humorously termed "sky blue." This Is true of the ml'k served In some of the small restaurunts and cafes. Without any intention of criticising, the Citizen believes thi.t even more rtrlngent methods should be adopted to see that all milk sold by either dairies or individuals. Is strictly up to 'standard and a monthly inspection of the condition of animals, barns, dairies and dairy maehinery should be made and a full nnd complete report should he submitted to the council. The recessity of pure milk anil Its close connection with public health, la so vital that this important matter should he one of concern to every body. The people of Albuquerque will have a great deal of charity for the city administration Jn any effort it may make to enforce the ordinances cov ering the selling ami distribution of milk end dairy products. The more ex acting the Inspection 'Is, the more credit will be given the health officials. The matter is not one of polities or of locality. It is simply a matter T K®UH riling the public health and both the people anil the honest dairy Men cannot but assist the city officials In every way possible. The following dispatch, which was gem-tally printed several l.is api In eastern papers will be of considerable interest to dry goods merchants till over the country: "The world's greatest dry goridrt combination was launched today. Its capital is t 1 .oon.ooo, three times that of the Associat ed Merchants company, up t ibis time the largest aggregation of capital 111 the dry goods business. John (lallin, president of the Associated Merchants company, and of the firm of If. 11. (Tallin company. Is head of tin- new nun. fiHTiy, which has been christened the l'nite,i fny Goods companies of Now "York. The incorporation papits were filed today in Dover. I'M., by a mem ber if the ti:m ,,f Could di Wilkie. of No. . Wall street. Two of the three tlir'ctors named In the papers a'e Hug'-iu- l. Alixander, of New Iti'ighton, Mater l!rud. and Kenneth M W'MIcio. The other director Is Thomas V . Knyard. of Wi: in ingtoii. 1 1. I.. iioinsol for the company in that slate There was mu li uncertainty today as to th exact purpose of the new company, but it is undi r-tood It will tak i vr th" already tremendous business of the Associate, I Men bants company and Includes several large dry goods houses now outside the so-ealhd trust." A correspondert in the New York Herald points out how differently i-lu-rope; ns of consequence and our financiers an, public mi n treat the matter f health. i)n the other side of the water they employ physicians to watch ver tin Ir condition constantly and si e that their physical powers are not wasted; in America tin- "big ma: " as a rule takes li" thought of his n. l -s or his stomnch or other parts of his bodily machinery until they are in u state of coll. ise. There is genu no need of a gospel of copsi rvatioti of Jihywical resources to every Alio iii.ui. Ilialtli is the greati st blessing man can have, and he should look to its preservation, the more so when great responsibilities rest upon him. . Mr. Mai ii of C.'inla Spiings loaded a large, fit Inn; into his automobile and took it to mark t In Arkansas city, where h, g d a good price fir the IMirker. it took him a mighty short linn- to g. t the hog to tow n and get the cash for it. A few minim s' m rubbing fix. ,1 the auto so that it did -not Mm II like a barn yard, and the h..g nrohnhly . t j oe. I th- ride W'hst s the use of holding tin . lings tlyiiu to inij.r 'e conditions of Lrui lit.- ? asks the Wichita Kagle. Recently a f. i mer In Kansas to in.l a Inline. n ami in a fo ld 'io was lowing. Tin- ol,, wing We,1., tile edit '1- of il small paper advertised that uny one ln had lo.-t an arm coa l se. ui.- same l.y identifying the mis-ing member to tin- satisfaction of tie- rm:i r. The arm was later it tolled. lon't blame the city n dm in ist rat ion because there are so main- -uos-Ult"es. l'o oii" share In present lug th-- innil-r ti your aldirmaii end the city administi at ion will do its share in cr.nl i- at i n t!-c p. sis. A New Mei- woman di d l-nl.iy :.t tin- agi of Inf. years. Any In r - Inc. this a g would tie ri iii.i: kable. but in tin halm ( Innate ,,f the South west, the average old-tinn r is Just entering so, , .rid youth at liui years. Swut the inosipjito lirst ai d atleiol WILLIAM. F. BROGAN MANAGING EDITOR NEWSPAPER. . ....5.00 .6 to the Poetofnoe of Albuquerque, X. M., o tie- boils- ily biter. I HE ROMANCE OF RUBBER Next to copper and Ivor, ruhbi r is the most Important material in the electrical Industry. It Is used ex tensively as an Insulating mnl H; 1. being' one of the best Irsulutots of el.ctricity in the world. N . ,t : I y all the wires that carry electrical cur rent are protected with, rubber in sulation. Rubber prevent the elec tricity escaping through contact of the wire with other conductors, it invents accidents, fires, and keeps tin- electrical apparatus from burn ing out. and destroying itself. It. sides being used for insulitlng wires and cables, rubber is used In the tminiil'uc-liii- of motors, switches, generator, ami m-nily nil electrical macliima. The story of rubber is the stoiy of th- conquest of the tropical jungles; tile fights against disease. poisonous leptiles and insects man eating an imals, hunger and thirst nrd the dan ger of being lost forever. t'lv llizatlon first heard of nil.b. r in Hi rrera's account of tin- second vi j. ice of Columbus in the y ear I tft.T. where he speaks of i lastic bat! .-made by t he . natives from the gum of a tree. The first authentic acc -mil of its practical use was recorded In I74r,by the lender of n French governmental expedition returning from South America who reported that the ra livis secured from the Juice of a tree a certain gum which was very clns lic, impervious to water and used In making bottles. shoes and squirt Willis. Thirty years later It "as Intro duced to commerce when en Kngllsh ,nan brought from Assam. India, a soft, spongy substance which would cruse lend pencil marks nrd which afterwords became known as India rubber. Many primitive use wi re found for this wonderful gum. but owing to its susceptibility to changes of tem perature, which rendered it sticky nnd more or less fluid, rubber did not come into Its own until early in the last century. At that time it was dis covered, nfter a great deal of experi ment, that by mixing sulphur . with crude rubber and subjecting it to n high degree of heat, these firmer de ficiencies were eliminated and a ma terial was produced which was both touch and elastic, and would retain those properties under varying tem peratures. This process of curing was railed vulcanization, and is- the basis of rubber making today. So great has been the development of rubber manufacture since that lime that Its products now exceed n value, of five hundred milll -n dollars a annally. Contrary to the popular im.iii-lon rubber gum Is not derived from the sap. It is secured from a milky tuloe or latex, which Is found only in the bark. This latex emit:. Iris a sub stance known as caoutchouc (the ac tive principle of rubber), toge-th-r If Apache Waltz Isn't Naughtv, It's Tco Polite for Nice Folks t If :.. i- r ( 1 t tf s t MUNS. .NIOLASSii ANIj M LI. 11. C. New York. May 27. I .lift yt-.tr i' 9 I X' ft ij.","! Iie-A - M -.;j::. ..... - -s . was iae -.Merry vv mow waltz; tlieoi io io p. ii .rni the ilan.-e. n iisi.li before that it was the oa' n' "''" nut. lid th i . . o -. , Anierieaii (-Mipb- in every way. and him .. Wii.it will it b Ik M s- ..r'..ll? , ,, ,. v .... v ' ' : no.', New ,.-k is going to See tin Well, it won't be the Apache waltz, i t.Mie. u of the Moulin U-.ug. " all New Vol k has gone c razy over ta- j ,.y, aaio Apaetie wall, but il will never be aj Th. pa. h named after Ane-i-popular balirooin dive rsbui. lean lidians are the t mg Us of Paris In the 111 .-t place it's t .., vigorous. -The dam-,- ,s given in a tapioain s.-.-In the s-eoii'l place lots of New V . i . U - : 1 1 1 1 g , with tie Kirls em .king cigar, ts. .is t h ii k il .a terribly n.iujlity. Sonie I Th y..i,ii: .uv who is coax, d to 'Ik 'Iff' '. ; ay it is ii aily .iriisti dalle.- wi'.h ib.. Vo o-he ,s n, -, aiid In cause .-.I. not naughty, Th. dance wr.s li'st given pi "The i. in en ol 1 in- Moulin Pougc" ny 'I young Auieri an (ouple. II war such a hit lout a big vaudeville firm cap. lured it. Tin n the management of the "Moulin Kougi " show sent io ltli certain albuminoids, resins, etc.. which unon the evaporizatlon of moisture coagulate, forming a thick, spongy stibrtiitwe. Th" percentage of Caoutchouc, In proportion to other In isredleutM contained in the latex, de ti rmines the quality of the rubber. The regions from which rubber r-H mi is secun .1 ..rni an Irregular belt in tile tr iples in,,) sub-tropic. extend i.ir; around tho earth, the quality pro cm id varying pn-atly a rdiiig to the species of il.. nt. the sail and the climate. Great quantities' are pro duced in Africa, Mexico. Ceylon and the Malay Islands, but the most de slinhle ruhbor for resiliency rnd wear resistance Is secured from a tree found in the Amazon river district. South America. This rubber Is ki own as I'arn. the name being de rived from Its thief city of export. It not only contains as high as 4 per cnt of crmuti hone, but the methods used by tin- natives in preparing It lor mark I ore so nrich superior that it Is selected in preference to all oth ers for manufacturing purposes. Ruhbor gather, ng in the Amazon river district is a hazardous and difll i nil unclertakirg. Tie- supply comes from wild trees scatti red throughout ih use for sts. to which paths must be cut through th ta:gled and lux uriant undergrowth. liven then, the frees can only lie reached during three to five months of the year, a. throughout the wet season, the for ests are completely Inundated. The climate U so unhealthy that white men enrnot do this work and is !i(cesuiy to rely upon the native blacks, who at host are undi pendahle nnd l:".v. Their reluctance to join lubbi r gathering expeditions can nadlly be understood when it Is re membered that out of a season's x pedltlon perhaps only half will re turn alive. When a rubber tree is foued the native gatherer cuts a series of gashes into the bark with his machete, ea-j circling tho tree from the ground up. as high us he can reach. Cups un fastened to catch the latex in It oozes out. When a sulllclent quan tity is collected it is removed to the temporary hut where a dense smoke producing fire Is made of certain nuts nnd palm leaves. Tln-p taking his w den paddle the native dips It into the latex and holds it over the fire, turning it round and round un til the Intex coagulates. As soon as it is hard a new layer of latex Is added ami coagul. ti d as before. This process is continued urtil the mass has grown too large for handling, when the paddle is taken out and the rubber set a"ide for export. The process of coagulation and fumiga tion with these specially selected nuts and leaves prevents decay and adds to the life nnd wear n sistance of the manufactured product. Tapping the tree for rubber does not necessarily destroy them, nor Is it believed to materially shorten their life; but unfortunately many thou sands if trees are annually ren dered useless by careless nnd Im proper methods. Although the source of crude rubheT gum is practically liiexhaus'tinle. the limited native- labor V -w. . iv .A ': s. '. vo ini .Wit, vtrf rl- "r " t 'fj, nit, i Kin Till-: AP.U'HK WALT. Paris f.-r M- :.s Holnsso and Mil-.1 about I l a t .riling fasainn. . Jat. I - l-' s., ia . tilings with her by rubbing Ii. r p.: : In ad, w bile pi ll. nice i K,.,ug .oi. Put after that h changes irs mini aga.n and th'u.es her on la.- i.,r. i'lia''s he way the el.CKe ends. ST ' , i. . i '. d i ii - . ' ""' W w.of VVVA W'. awlU. "-.Hrf. ( 1 1 , wis , ,in ' a .""t A iJr 'i t ''' ' ''f supply and the difficulties encoun tered up to the time of marketing It have tended to keep down the sup ply and maintain a high standard of prices. A CUPPINGS: From X5fjQ Press X Or Spank Mini. Mordert Wlemr. son of Professor Leo Wiener of Harvard, w ho will '.n graduated from 'lulls cioIoro next month in his fourieentii year, i. termed the brightest boy in th world. He will complete the four year couixe in three years and will cover equal to that usually completed by candidates for degree of doctor of philosophy. It would be difficult to ask a boy like this to keep the wood box full. Sun llernurdino Index. An Fpideinh- (f Hogs. Ain't It a dog-gone sham.- we have so many dogs In town and so many rabbits in the count:)'.' Kyser is not the only tin can in tin- alley. W counted seventeen in one hunch Wed nesday. Hogs and hogs are as nu merous as chicken mites and as gri at a nuisance. We will tie our dog up. good people, if the rest of you wijl follow suit and also pen your hogs. In fact, we think we will cio so anyway, for we do not wish to impose on our neighbors. It's sinful truly. Kcnna Record. Xcvv Methcxlist College. Work is progressing nicely on the Mclhodiet college. As time goes "n the people of Artesia are more and inoro impressed with the magnitude and importance of the Institutio.i. The action of the National Hoard of education In Its reci nt meeting at i:ic:unonil, Virginia. Indicntes that the support from that quarter will be much greater than the Irlends of the school had dared to hope for. The buildings now contracted for when finished and fitted out as they will be this fall will cot in th nc Ighboriiood of $50,000 and that ia only a starter. Kvery day new appli cations for admission to the ocho .1 this fall are being received and It Is scarcely too much hope that the in stitution will open with two hundred students. Artesia Advocate. One View tit It. One of the strongest arguments ever put out In favor of the use of whisky comes lo this office from the National Model License League. Dr. Joseph M. Matthews, ex-president of the American Medical association, and f ir seventeen yearn president of the Kentucky state board of health, says that "for every one- death pr -duceel by whisky, there have been one thousand deaths produi e-d by the u. Inking of impure milk; lor e very single death, produced by whisky, there have been five thousand deaths Inira tin- drinking of contaminated water." It isn't difficult, In the ligat of such distressing facts, to see that what the American people has to do to protec t itri health 'is to c ut out milk and water anfJ use whisky ex clusively. Paraphrasing Patrick Hen ry. "Cive us whisky, or give r.s eh ath." Arizona Republican. Start His li'oJet. Work was started this week on the Rovernmeiu irrigation project that will reclaim about twenty thousand aens of choice land, lying west of and tributary to -Karm ington. The to tal cost of tne project will be ill thd in Ighboriiood of $300,000. The mam canal will be forty miles long and it will take three years to ( omplet file project. The land is all Indian land, lying within the Navajo Indian reservation. The lower end of tho main canal will extend twenty-eight miles below the Shiprock lmliaii agency. None of the land Is ope n to entry and probably will not be avail able to while settlors for a gooel many years, except taat within a few years, after the land has been -ailoU-eil to the Indians, it will be possible for white settlers to lease the lan 1, and eventually he-come the b tjal own ers thereof. Karminglon Knti-rpi ise. All Automobile K. K. Phillips and J. tois morning on a two less trip to Iietroit. t Chicago. Thi y will visit lane. H. Cecil left weeks' busl leveland an 1 the fa. tori a ot the W hite Stei, mer and Carter car. for which they are- agents, and in ad dition to making ord. I.- for lain, will lay in a supply of automobile goods I -r tile agency they propose to opeil here, and for tin- new auto line be tween Hope and Artesia, winch stalls Monday ami in wiiiih they aiv interest-d. This new line will do a pas senger and later an express ousiness. It will start Willi oin- car, but th plan is t.i have three lirsi clans ma chines in tin M-rvicc and iu:i a ear caehway ev, iy day w in n tlr- business justiiiis it. Th-- line is backed h.v tin- bu-iness men of Aitesia. who li.ive orga n i.-d ii ii-I - r t -e- nam.- o' lb.- Artesia Auto Tran p tation Co. They will al.-o care tor local traffic hit.veeii llagerman and Lakeevood. Their principal garage will be at A I' ll -i i. R ksvvc II Record. land ol' Upoi'lunil. II se. nis tint the rush t-i New Mi xi. o is increasing . a.-h year. W'e kno v ..I no othe r si n-- or tei -itory where people a re pouring mi a s til", are ill New Mexico. 'I'll-- Ac Pent -Innate alone brins1 people i-o-t'loioands of miiis. even acd in, al ii i utile from the far ,a-t and north. New Mai ii offers le ti r -,pp ,rtuni-li.-' for a wile awake man than at-y otln r part of tin- Cnit. d Stan . At the pns.nl rat-- of iminigratior. il will 1-e but a few ye. us until thi.i country v, ill b - as il, it 1 pop-alato.l a. el as will Improved a most siat.s ri gaiill. .-s ,,f their a.--'. N.-w Mexico has the land, the e liinal- and the opportunii i. s thai t'i w s'a'.i.-i n-iw have. I-;,, iy ii mi i. nig,- In n w p. pie and yl there is room, p, oph- who .i-t tempi. it.- c oming In Ho tail or a year l;i ni t- ,ill lind mo.-t of the land ooiible io .,lu. to what il is now. Pi opto h.-r.' ,,r. beginning to t ea. .r.e Ibis and are trying to clinch every . le possibl, . First Fiailona. Bank ALBUQUERQUE, N. M. United States Depository 4 Excursions Tuesdays Thursdays Saturdays Round Trip Rates Los Angeles $35 00 San Diego 35.00 Redondo Beach 35.00 Catalina Island 37.25 San Francisco 45.00 Santa Barbara 35.00 Tickets Limittd to November 30, 1909 GlaJ to answer Questions T. E. PURDY, Agent Santa Fe Jfour Selection OF A GOOD BANK Is important not only for the present, but also for the years to come. The right b.nk connection will be a material help to y ur every day business. This bank has a successful record of safe, con servative banking from the day of its organi zation. i THE BANK OF COMMERCE ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO CAPITAL AND SURPLUS .... 9200,000 1 Window Screens Door Screens Porch Screens Porch Swings The SUPERIOR LUMBER 4 MILL CO. Albuquerque, N. M. 4 9 I We vLM I j Make 1 Huoo.'es, Kunabouts, Surrejs, Spiin Wagons, Buck boaiels, Mountain Concrrds, Delivery W'.iofiiis, Harness, Saddles, Collars, V hips. Mankets. Fly Nets, lie Ropes, Tie Straps, Halters, etc., etc. Call and see- our lire before you buy. The Albuquerque Ctirriage Co. Corner First Street and Tijeras Ave. Advertise in i ,... i 5 Capital ana Surplus S250.000 4 -AT- The Citizen i o r ! t v . l i i