THE JQUKNAL ALBUQÚEKQUE, THURSDAY MOKNLNG, JANUARY I. 1885.
"ñPÜhíáñnP PURGATIVE tBPÍJ Ráf
And will completely cbanee the Mood In the en tiro system la three months. Anj
person who will take 1 I'ill each night from 1 to 13 weeks, may be restored to so and
health. If such a thing be nosalble. For Female Complaints those Pills han no equal.
Physicians use them for the core of LITER and KIONEV diseases. Sold everywhere,
or sent by mall for 25c In stamps. Circulars free. I- S. JOITXSUM CO., Boston. Mass.
mil 1 L inruñ
JOHNSON'S ANODYNS LINIMENT A l:RE3 Inflacnia. Rloeftine t the Limp. Hoarse-
fs, Uacki;- t oüsiír, Wíh.icíií o'ic'i, Cün.'fnc
Liseasescf tas Spina. Su.J cverywitcre. t.rvuuir
It wilt eSo p-nTuvti itrtovent tvn-.T enre I
It h) s -r!.nwn fact tí-it sao-t of the r fi M ?i 'J s? ! p3 t 5 O-i i IH B If
Hnra and ('atlle Pniróer sold in tint conn. , I K( W R E la 1 l i W 'f
try la worthies: that KbcrMon's Condition t 1 M f J i , l T V 2 1,4 ,3
l'oirilprls sbMltrh pul an. verrvalcsbie. I i ' t 1 !' E t t 1- I mm W
Kothinf on Kartb. vria make hens t Jf.l'' K ii M ;Hvt I -1 3
laylikiSh.rUtanst'onrtitionPow- fc fe fi, Ü 3 -lila.ÜV LSI si 13
U ly' í . rfc IfM a-rl Istatnpfl. rt'roished In larre cans.prtcefl.OO: b. mail. $130.
Vs í 1 1 i a, E. J Wi.WbbnAt Circuláis free, i. & JGiLSUON K CU., iSoatuo, lata.
Albuquerque, IT. LI.
F. Llehtfoot. M-
T FStpEXT riivshina and Surgeon.
lliiis. k'l 1ÜSU3. Arizona.
C. S. Easterday,
PirVSieiA. AXD SUROKON Albuquer
que. New Mexico. . office over the City
Drtre i-fc-re. Residence at 11. Maker's hotel,
3ii 1 htrd street.
AI3rt E. Ealy, M. D.
rFICE opiwHite postoace, Gold avenae.
Honrs : 8 n. m.. 1 to ?.m.,S!id after T p. m
B. M. CILDEA. W1.
D., D. D. St-
CToinweil - Block,
Dr. S. Aubri-;rtt,
SCTtlxSOS to the A S: P. railroad United
states pension sii-vhii H'.id irenera practi
tioner of Dtedioine. OWco in the Aubrlght A
W aiton dnii -tore, Eailroftd avuuuw. Aitiuqaer
one. Nw íxlv.
Dr. Jno. F. Pearce,
PHYSTCTAX AND 8UROEPX, VESEREAL
disea.i?a nd'miise caipí.ilit r specialty.
OTife over Ctrv rini sto.-e. corner Third street
and Eiilroart sveaue. Hrirs s tata a. m., 1
to 3 B. nu ud 7 to 9 p. m.
ATT0EIY3 AT LAW.
Ai:ortMy-at-.iw - Holbrook, Arizona
rroa;;;t rctturjs made ou collections.
ATTOENEV-aT-LAW Omee In nuit Block,
with x. is. i !eld. ls(. Coil:tion promptly
JAS T. AUr.DEnS,
TTO US E V-AT-LA W, Roer S. Oromwe'J
li:o--k, AHui)U'irf)?n, "N. .?. Ctn l".e r
tilnd in any Court in tt9 Territory. Collec
tions promptly attended to
V'. B. Ciii-UDKRa. H. B. VKüouasüif.
Chlíders & Fergusson,
Attorneys-st-Law - - Aibuquerqae, M. M.
rrorops attarition g'
all the Miit of ;Le 1
ypii to lesal business Id
WM. H. WHITCr1AN(
iTTCE:nnr a"d couiísellcs at law.
0.C8 over Fir XaUonal Bank
Albnquerque. New Mexico.
fieiir O. Field,
ATTSErEY-AT-LA W, Albuquerque. N. M.
Vil irctice m ad tüe courts ol th9 terrt
torjr, estieciatiy tuo.i of the Seeoad J'adiclal
116. rlcl aad Uid supreme court.
4J. C. MOCJOJCASb CATBOM 4S Thorntos
A;'rm.iUfr.ue. Suiiti, Fe.
fi1cC-?rvi Cntron A Thornton
Al .i".;. .. :i-A'l-i..Vrt O- '.-a in Cnnuweil
blTs, Attitqurnu', S. M. AVtlJ practice
In all the eouns of U e TerKioi-y srd p"n,xcli!y
lntlievnrtiu tl.e couaci of liernaiiito, Va
lencia anil f-ocorro.
Karl A Snyder
A TTOBNSY-AT-LAW. U. 8. commissioner.
-a- MaiaKruer oí deeds f r Arliona aud
Iiuo. v.". (.. .
to. v-lHv wuli Iiuo. v.". C. B-izfiolni:. Coatrat
rTfilTKCT AND .sCPERINTRÍfíTSIÍT.
IX Cirv);nience sollciid irom all puns of
t j I r.i-ni .;-.- ami irntor't. .. th sliioof
W-iroaci avenue. b)twea c-oeoud ai-d Third
S.r:i. A 1 t:.)-.ri:e. N. I.
S O CIETIKS.- - T
lücqaerqtií Loigt Na. 1. 0. B. B-
Hes every flrt and third -i:cdsy of each
icoalíi In R atenta of rythiaa IJurl at 3 o'cloeii
p. m, SoiournüiK brothers cvrdlally Invited to
aitfiid. J. i: au'Eini, Prwsiaent,
D. .1. Ariel.. "i trv.
. AlboqaerecB Lodg ITo-1, 1. 0. 0. T.
Vtt every r"rldaY eriir at S iv'cloci
Cíi;.i-nj' bnil iiin. All broíiiers tu go.id stand
tug are eonltaliv lnvitrd to attnd.
Ebward biKaBUHO,N. O.
.1. It. Wmt. iWrersry.
Benefit Loda, Ko. A. 0- ü. W,
"Weai secoTid and fourth Tuesdays, Ctillder
sjiiikliiig. Visiting brothers cordially Inviten.
H. M. Ludwick. U. W.
. E. Pons. TiAorder.
Eie Grtade Chaptw No. io. A M.
Eerilar Gonyocatlons the second Thursday
til docli IllOUiU
Kdwakd Miulcb, H. P
W. W. PrtAorn. H-'y.
Kiacr&l Lodge So. 4 K. of P.
tree's eery Monday CTenlnsr. at 7 : tu ra
r?'e H ill, (I'.i l hkiim. Vlsitius uretiireu eor
iliu.T invited to at ti-nd.
F. Lowilnthau C. f
T. T Pfiri i ir. K. of K. ft
T.il. Indira. Ho. 8, A. T. A A. M.
on the first Thursday evenlre f ' SSaia ponulnr bocks, "ihe lint-
fci moui at Masonic Templo. TUitín j VWaitlíA vers-," "Lives of the presi
brethren are eordiiily limited t attend. dent.." ' naiiihters t( America," Aiiatir.'n Jn-
Fkki a hisi, W. M. nm iiiahleliandb.xik," History of t hnstianl-
Loris Kobnbkhg. Secretary Iv. and the laieetand qiúokes; novelties. Be
PüíTia CosEi4rr $0. 3, Knights Templer,
Kepilsrconfliave ni'-eí oil the fourth Thurs
day t the month at M.vm:e It-mple. ViaiUnf
K'üiglits are oruíaiiv :nf tied to attend.
Wit. i:. H iiij'uiNB, Kin. xmm'd'r.
Q. K. Warrsa Toil, So. 5, 0. A. E.
!ti'. eve it firvt ad tt!-l f'ednei'iay of the
inon'h ir Kií-tih r'yti.tas Kali, at 7s0 F. ii.
Ai "üíi ad-s !a KUOd sumuias are comiaily In
vited W attend.
J. W. Banpaij Post Commander.
W. F. f RlNf. A ! Hani .
oes cf TíEpsraüce, Albaqerq Dít. No. 1.
Mee! every 1 tiiii'dav eveuiim, at T-.30 in ths
11 t'u .iiid SI. E. Ch'ir. .on'li. Ail sons lu
fcíít aiaiidinií ejnli:U-y invited 10 attend. Ap
p. it-aliens í--r nic-UtiJCrsliip can be made to any
JoiKPrt JOHSSTOW, W. P.
Hjikry A . ri 1 t. Tí S
An !':,l-(.f--dent Xewsr-auer of Democratic
p-!- .u.r-, but not Controlled by any Bitot
Fi-l:.!-ia,ns or Vsr.lpu:atos; Devoted to Col
iectnig and rub'lvhniir a 1 the Kews of tlie I'ay
In ti! most loi.erestins t-baps and with the
Íreatet possl'j'e rroipint-ss. Accuracy and
u.!ut-al,ty: and to the Promot'on of Demo
crkic Ideas and holie in ths affair! of Uov
ernujeiit, Mic.ety and Industry.
Rates, by Mall, F-otpal,
Dai'v. prr yes- ..t6 00
I' .. V. 1 er t um:h Í0
t' ii y aad Sunday. pr year 7 i0
v eeü'v. c r vea 1 00
Artdre.. THK KCV, ,. -n k City
lr- Frazier'a .Haste Ointment.
A sur tvs f'Pf I-lttteGrubs In the kin. Poi-.jh
Pkio. It will remove that retubutfts Oom
U. bifrfls am' ta.-e ard nuke j n beauti
ful, i riceiuc ''id by FljLLaBLKW & Co.
Croup. AsihojA, Bronchitis, Neural-
l ' i t, hni i.iir. i VfT- i rt rr 7tt unu jc jirmni
'.) will mt Mita newest relievo these ternbic
1 i and will posttirely cure nine canes
out of ten. Iiff.iTTOaikjrt thkt will tav many
tj FravtiiUun is better iíiao cure. "
i-iJ.fr íwt: jynt,rv, irnera Jtturbus, Kiney rruumfc, vaa
freí- S JOrCiSUN A CO., ikmoa, Mass.
Hw Choi era. Ac. Sold every wlicre. or aent by mall for ye. la
PILES ! PILES ! PILES !
A SUKK CUKK FOÜXD AT LAST !
A sure cure for blind, bleeding, itching
and ulcerated piles has been discovered
by Dr. Williams (an Indian remedy),
called Dr. William's Indian Pile Ointment.
A single box has cured the worst chronic
cases of twenty-five or thirty years stand
ing. ISO one need suiter five minutes
after applying this wonderful soothing
medicine Lotion s instruments and
electuaries do more harm than good.
William's Indian Pile Ointment absorbs
the tumors, allays the intense itching,
(particularly at night after getting warm in
bed) acts as a poultice, gives instant re
lief, and is prepared only for piles, itching
of the private parts and nothing else.
Read what the Hon. J. M. Coffloberry,
of Cleveland, says about Dr; William's
Indian Pile Ointment: "I have used
scores of pile cures, and it affords me
pleasure to say that I have never found
anything which gave such immediate and
permanent relief as Dr. William's Indian
Ointment-" For sale by all druggists and
mailed on receipt of price, 50c and $1.,
Frazier Medicine Co.. Prop'rs.
Cleveland, Ohio. ,
Sold by Pillsbury & Co.. Albuquerque.
CIRE FOR PILES.
Piles are frequently preceded by a
sense of weight in the back, loins and
lower part of the abdomen, causing the
patient to suppose he has some arlection
of the kidneys or neighboring organs.
At times, symptoms of indigestion are
present as flatulency, uneasiness of the
stomach, etc. A moisture like perspira
tion, producing a very disagreeable itch'
mg, after getting warm, is a very com
mon attendant. 5lnd, Uieeding .and
Itching Piles yield at once to the appli
cation of Dr. Bosanko's Pile Remedy,
which acts directly upan the parts affected.
absorbing- the 1 amors, allaying the in
tense itching, and affecting a permanent
cure. Price 50 cents. Address, The Dr.
Bosanko Medicine Co Piqua, Ohio,
Sold by J. J. Phelan. Albuquerque, N. M.
TonnsT Sim! Head T His.
The Voltaic Belt Co., of .Marshall
Mich., offer to send their celebrate
Electro-Voltaic Belt and other Electro
Appliances on trial for thirty . days, to
men (young or old) afflcted with nervous
cebiüty. loss 01 vitality and manhood
and all kindred troubles. Also for rheu
matism, ucuraligia, paralysis and many
other diseases. Complete restaration to
health, vigor ana manhood guaranteed.
No risk-is incurred as thirty days trial
is allowed. A rite them at once lor illus
trated pamphlet tree.
This Ides or Koine West
to Colorado or New Mexico, for pure an
to relieve consumption, is all a mistake
Any reasonable man would use Dr. Bo-
sanko s Cough and Lung bvriip for con
sumption in all its first stages. It never
fails to give selief in all cases of coughs,
colds, bronchitis, pains In the chest, and
all aiTcnions that are considered primary
to consumption, Price 50 cents andji
Solr ,y I. I. Phelar..
The impoitanre of using good, pure
soap for the toilet, nursery and batu room
cannot be oveiratec, inasmuch as the skin
is particularly sensitive to the action of
the ueietenous ingredients. Farticuiarly
is this the case with infants; let your child
be washed with the best sop you can procure-
you will be amply repaid by seeing
the skin healthy and clear. I rocure irom
your druggist Pond's Extract ToiletSoap.
Use it once you will use it always.
SEND TEV C'IiN ra FOB.
poit.in and na-eive free
. ur new ciKitdmiüon nt-n.
cil: hus si.-vimi o'.T-rent
Jsit o-it, i-so-m .wanted,
HAttr NOV ii LT Y CO..
San fTHTieisOO. t'1.
TU WHOM IT MAY COMCRM.
Where, piy wire. Pau'a Lopez, de yrifarrl,
rüiílt mv nod mid bo rd without my concert
ore nnivanee. 1! nersons ars hereby fornidden
to irut or credit heron my Account, as I will
cay 1K debts ot lmr contractile.;.
Vfclir hCIo VKISARRI.
A ü'Tlotteríirc V M . . t lelor-rr V7. lvt
Ft fit 11 w, or w,,a
' 1 urvt m Tiir rem. Aouies
f l.OhilAM ti CO.. hublbhers and Acents,
l'.ll r raiieisco. Cal.
; Jlrs.nr. Walton's Perioilieal Tea.
I Mother Wa ton has prescribed this vluable
I raeclciQfl for a great many years in lierprivate.
raciii;e. It has prove,' an untaiUnsr specific in
' the tre.unient of the niauy rtmorders to which
1 the female institnrion is e u'uioct. It is a sure
1 cure for the moni hi y troubles that somana
! women suffer. Hold by
I P't.T.snirny ft Co
26 1-i Kearney Street. San Francisco. Cal.
fEtahüshed for the SoientiScand speedy cure
of Chi onic, Xervous and Special Diseases.
THE EXPERT SPECIALIST,
I"vR. AI.LEV, A KEGULAR URAitUATED
Jthyskian from Vul'.enity of .MichiRau. Ho
has tievoied a lifetime to, and is act! nowiedged
to b. the most expert burgeou in hla specialty
on the Paciiic cc.at.
AndMIODLK AOD 31KN. who are snfferinR
from the eilecis of Youthful Iudiscretloua or
Excesses in uiutuier years. Nervous and l'hi-1
pal ivull tv. frequency ef nriiiat nn, eta., re-niemt-er
I have a vefetanle wnipouud, the
restiM of many wears of sp al piacticeand
hard s'udy, which under my special advice has
never lAiled of eucees in the cure of Lout
Manhood, Froatatorrhea, etc.
(Kavinff been purireon m charge of two leading
hoppitals) enable m to treat ail private ou!i-1-s
It n excellent results. I w.ali it oistinctiy
nndorsrood Uiat I do not claim to perf"rm Im
po5S!bll!ties 1 claim only w fte a skil'fal ana
sneccssful ihvician and Surgeon, tb.orougb.iy
informed in my apecia ty
DISEASES OF MEM.
All nil! receive ci y honest opinion of their
couioUmts no evperiruentins I will turan-'
tee a posU ive cure in ev-ry ca,e T undertake, or
f.rfeitiu03 Consultation in oflice or by Utter
Free and sirictty private. . barges ucderate.
Call ou, or address
I-l Kearaey 8t taa Fnweiaee, Cal.
OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
Report of the Superintendent
Schools of BerniliUo t'oantj.
For the Fractional Tear Endlnv
- umfcar SI, 184 First Experi
ence Vnder the Sew Law.
Albuquerque, N. M, Dec 31, 1884
The act establishing a public school sys
tem in the territory of New Mexico, pro
vides as follows, in defining the duties of
the county superintendent:
"Section 4.. He shall prepare each
year a report for publication, bearing date
of the last day oi December, containing
First A statement of the number of
common schools in the county; the num
ber of scholars attending the same, their
sex, and the branches taught; statement
of the number of private and select
schools in the county, so far as the same
can be ascertained, and the number of
scholars attending the same, their sex and
branches taught; the number of acade
mies and colleges ip the county and the
number of students andtheir sex attending
them and such other matters of interest
as he may deem expedient, drawn from
the repo.-ts of the district directors of the
several districts in the county."
There are in Bernalillo county at the
present time twenty-eight school districts.
Twenty-one of these have by election or
appointment full boards of directors,
and have taken steps toward perfecting
their local organizations as required by
the terms of the law. In fourteen of the
twenty-one organized districts, comforta
ble rooms have been secured, teachers
have been employed, and free public
schools are now in successful operation.
In each of two districts Ño. 1 and No.
13 there are two schools, making in all,
sixteen public schools at present open in
the county, and I have knowledge (unof
ficial) of measures now being taken in at
least seven of the other districts to organ
ize or open schools, in a very short time,
leading only six districts in the county,
which have taken no steps in the direc
tion of organizing public schools in ac
cordance with the school law of the terri
tory and it is not improbable that in some
of these, more or less work may have
been done by the people, which has not
been reported to the superintendent
In only a lew of the districts have the
local organizations been perfected. The
bond, which the law says shall be riven
by district treasurers, has been filed by the
treasurers of only two districts, and the
reason given by directors for failure to
comply with this provision of the law is,
generally, that they are unwilling to ask
their friends to become pe
cuniarily responsible for thcir'conduct, or
to assume the care and responsibility that
the act would impose upon them in the
discharge of the duties of an office that is
wholly without compensation; and this
position can hardly bs .regarded as un
reasonable, for when a man has con
sented to serve us for nothing, it does
seem like going beyond , the ' bounds of
modesty in our demands to ask him to
enter into bonds to serve us faithfully.
There has also been a general failure
to comply with that provision of the law
which requires an enumeration to be
made of all the children of school age in
the district, only six districts having com
phed with this requirement- This fail
ure is due partly to the fact that the tak
ing of a census, as required by the law,
calls for a good' deal of time and labor,
which it is difficult to find persons willing
to devote to the public, without compen
sation an i the law makes no provision
for paying anyone for such service and
partly to the fact that the provisions of the
act are but imperfectly understood by
The law has never been printed in any
popular form, and it is probable that a
majority of the people of the county, es
pecially those of the poorer classes, in the
country, have never read Itor seen it, and
their oaly knowledge of its provisions has
probably been derived from conversa
tions with some neighbor who heard
something about it when in town. This
method of publishing the laws is unique,
but can hardly be considered satisfactory,
and information obtained through such
devious channels is necessarily very in
definite. Since it devolves upon the peo
ple of the several districts to carry the
provisions of the law into effect, and
since the people of a considerable num
ber of the districts, at least, have had no
means oMearning the terms of the act.
it is not strange that many of the provis
ions of tn statute are, as yet, inoperative, j
The time of the superintendent has been
very largely occupied in making known
the requirements of the law, and there is
a commendable disposition manifested
by a;l classes of our people to cany out j
the terms of the act, in letter and SDirit.
as far as practicable, whenever they can
learn what those terms require.
A TEMPORARY DIFFICULTY.
As a natural consequence of the ab
sence ofdistrict organization, in whole
or in part, in nearly all the districts of the j
ijuncu fj nu a great ueai more woric man
is contemplated by thebw, being obliged
to discharge, in addition to the duties of
his own office, nearly all those which the
statute imposes upon the district officers.
But since the purpose of the law is to se
cure the establishment ot public schools,
for the education of the children of the
county, I have felt that I should be dire-
lict in my duty to the public if I should
decline te assume such duties, and thus
permit the purpose ot the act to be de
feated by reason of technical defects in
the local machinery which the law pre
scribes for carrying its provisions into ef
fect. This condition of things, however.
will be but temporary, for the lively in
terest which is everywhere manifested in
the cause of education, is a sufficient
guarantee that all the duties which the
law imposes upon the people of the dis
tricts will be cheerfully discharged as
soon as the people have n opportunity to
become familiar with the terms of the
law, and know what it requires of them.
ESTIMATED SCHOOL POPULATION.
Owing to this want of local organi
zation it is, of course, impossible for me
to obtain, at this time, through official
channels, the statistics which are called
for in the superintendent's annual report,
and which, according to the law, are to
be "draws from the reports of the dis
trict directors," but tram the imperfect
data obtainable, I estimate the school
population of the county at 5000, about
equally divided between the two sexes.
This includes, however, all those between
the ages of 5 and 5o years or, a consid
erable number too young to go to school,
especially in the country, anda still larger
class of those who have passed the age at
which they can afford to take time from
their work to attend school. Though the
law admits pupils from 5 to 20, those who
attend are in the main those from 7
to 15. Of this class we have, probably,
3.500, and of these some 800, or about 23
per cent, are now attending the public
schools of the county. There are also
about 100 attending private or select
schools, making a present enrollment of
about one-feurth of the children of the
county who are practically of school age,
and of these about three-fourths are males
aqd one-fourth females.
I estimate the revenue from all sources,
for the - year ending June 30, 1S85, at
$9,000, and the total expenses during the
same time at $10,500. There were war
rants of last year outstanding at the be
ginning of the present year to the amount
of $2,500, which, added to the estimated
deficiency of the current year of $1,500,
would leave a tctal debt of $4,000. The
increase in the number of schools in the
county which we have reason to expect
during the next year, will necessarily
cause a considerable increase in oar ex
penses, but I think we also have reason
to anticipate a still greater increase in
our receipts. With a levy of three mills,
as authorized by the present school law,
and a reasonably efficient collection of
the taxes, we ought to have a revenue for
the year ending June 30, 1886, almost if(
not quite sufficient to take up all out
standing warrants, in addition to defraying
the estimated expenses of the year. When
the facts upon which this estimate is
based are known, it will be seen that the
conclusion is warranted: The- election of
an officer especially charged with
duty of making the assessment, will un
doubtedly be the means of increasing the
assessment roll at least 20 per cent. It is
a notorious fact that a very large propor
tion of the property of the county has here
tofore evaded its proper share of the pub
lic burdens, by reason of non-assessment,
and many gentlemen who are well in
formed in such, matters believe that the I
creation of the office of assessor, by act of
the last legislature, will result in the in
crease of the assment roll by at least
per cent, but have based my estimates
upon an inqrease of only a little more than
half that much, or upon a ratio which
there is every reason to believe will be
certainly realized. This increase of 20
per cent in the assessment will give us an
additional revenue of $i,8oo, and the ad
ditional levy of a half a mill, authorized
by the new law, and which will be made-
next year, will raise the levy for school
purposes 20 per cent, which, upon an es
timated collection of $10,800, will give
52,160, or a total increase in the next
year's revenue of $3.960. The fines as
sessed in the district court during the
present year, nearly all of which have
been collected or are collectable, and
which I think belong to the school fund,
amount to $150, no portion of which has
yet been turned into the fund for school
purposes. This should all be made avail
able, and it is fair to asrum. that at least
an equal amount will be raised
from the same source during the
coming year. There is also due
the school fund of the county, from the
territory, $93 1.00. being the amount of poll
tax turned over to the territorial treasurer
under an erroneous construction of the
l.iw. 1 have endeavored to secure the return
f thismoney to the county, but the terri-
t rial authorities are of the ooinion that
having gone int0 the tntamft tkey have
re-,!0,uthority toUke it out. The legis-
iiure, however, will have power to act in
the premises, and I have not a doubt that
a statement of the case, at the next session,
will secure the passage of an act to reim
burse the school fund of the county in the
sum thus erroneously put into the
rial treasury. The county attorney, how
ever, is of the opinion that it will not be
necessary io await the action of the legis
lature, but that the end can be attained in
a more direct manner.
There are no colleges in the ' county.
There are four select schools, and one
academy, with an aggregate enrollment of
about one hundred, the two sexes being
represented in about equal numbers.
There is not a school house in. the county
owned by the district. All the schools
AL TUBE WORKS C
rs77"a.ter ColTxraarLS. 2vrin.ln.s- and. SCdxa-vxlic Plp.
CO.. Clinton St., cor.
thus far organized are conducted in rented
rooms, or in buildings owned by churches
or societies. In district No. 22, there is a
commodious frame building, erected by
the people of the town of Wallace and the
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe railroad
company) for a public school house and
used for that purpose, but it has not yet
been deeded to the district. Arrangements
have been periected for erecting a public
school building in district No. 27 by pri
vate subscription. A very liberal sum has
been subscribed by the people of the town
of Gallup to erect the building, and the
Atlantic & Pacific railroad has very gen
erously agreed'to transport the materials
for the same free of charee. The work is
being done under the management of the
directors of the district, and the site being
a portion of a school section, the build
ing will be a bona fide public school
ALIVE TO THE IMPORTANCE OF EDUCA
It was apprehended by many that great
difficulty would be experienced in the es
tablishment of a modern public school
system in NewMexico, through the hos
tility of the native people to this American
innovation upon their ancient customs. 1
take great pleasure in saying, to the credit
of New Mexico, that so far, at least as Ber
nalillo county is cencerned, all such fears
are utterly groundless, and 1 have found
the peo ple without any exceptions, not
only willing, but anxious to secure the es
tablishment of public, schools in every
neighborhood in the county. I have
had the earnest and interested co
operation of the people. in every district
that 1 have organized. I find an urgent
demand for school facilities far in excess
of what can be supplied with our present
available resources, and were the neces
sary funds at command, the number of
public schools in the county, and the ag
gregate attendance, could be increased
100. per cent within the next six months.
I had been led to believe that a very
strong prejudice against common schools,
and also against the teaching jof the
English language, would be met with
among all the native people, but I am
gratified to be able to say that I have
thus far met with no vestige of any such
prejudice, in any part of the county, but
on the contrary have found the people
everywhere alive to the importance of
education, and especially education in
English. No better evidence of the
truth of this cpuld be given than is to be
found in the fact that the district directors
are always willing to pay a higher price
to a teacher who is able to instruct the
children in English than one who under-
SOME IMPORT AMENDMENTS XEEDED.
Owing to the fact to
callea attention above, that muC -
local machinery necessary for carryi..
out the provisions of the act has not yet
been organized, it is, of course, impossi
ble at this time to form a definite opinion
as to the adaptability of the new law to
our present circumstances, but my ex
perience thus far gives me reason -to be
lieve that its effect will be, in the main,
satisfactory, and that it will meet the de
mands of the public except in one im
portant particular, and that is, in its failure
to empower districts to levy special taxes
tor their own respective uses; and we can
not hope to have such a school system as
we ought to have, or as the people of the
territory demand, till this defect is reme
died. The general tax of three mills will
yield some of the districts as much reve
nue as their present demands require, but
in other districts it will fall very far short
of maintaining such schools as the people
demand. A district, for instance, which
will be satisfied with a four-months
school, with one teacher at $25 a month,
and an annual allowance of $25 for rent
and fuel, will receive enough from the
general fund.to maintain its school. But
in a district inwhich the people demand
a first-class, modern public school, for ten
months in the year and will not be satis
fied with anything less the sum to be de
rived from the general fund will be a
mere bagatelle, and the annual allowance
will scarcely be sufficient to maintain the
scnooi tor a week, in order to give to
districts of the latter class such schools as
they want, and such as they ought to
have in order to keep up with the pro
gress and civilization of the age, it will be
necessary to empower them to levy a
special tax, or else increase the general
levy to an amount that would be onerous
to districts of the former class, and give
them a school fund far in excess of their
demands. The experience of every state
in the Union which has a modern public
territo-f8011001 system, has demonstrated the ne
cessity of a district tax, and I do not be
lieve we can succeed in establishing here
such a school system as the people de
mand until the law is changed in this par
ticular. I think it important, too, that dis
tricts should be permitted to issue bonds
for building school houses. It the people
of any district desire to put up a credit
able school building, and maintain in it a
good school, they certainly ought to have
the privilege of taxing their own property
to pay the bills. The law, as it stands
provides all the machinery necessary to
the establishment of a first-class school
Pips find Tubes Up To 13 Inzhns In Dbtneter.
G0IiEñS LOOK JOIrlT FOíl WñTES W9HIÍS
system, but it tails in the very essential
particular of providing for the revenue
with which to maintain such a system.
Another amendment that I think very
important, is one that would base the dis
tribution of funds to the several districts
upon the average attendance, and not up
on the total number. If we had a com
pulsory law, and all the children of
school age were obliged to attend school,
then the total school population would be
the proper basis upon which to make the
distribution, but since attendance is
optional with the parties, and since the
object of giving the fund is to educate the
ch dren, of the district, I think the dis
trict should receive fijnds in proportion to
the number it may choose to educate, and
not to the number it may have playing in
the streets or working in the fields. This
would certainly be far more equitable, and
its inevitable effect would be to cause the
people to send a greater number of their
children to school. " When it should be
come known that the district would re
ceive school money in proportion to the
number of children it sent to school, the
enrollment would be materially increased
Such a provision would also stimulate the
people of the district to maintain good
schools, for the purpose of inducing as
large an attendance as possible of their
own children, and also lor the purpose of
attracting those from other districts.
Total school pooulatiou , 5009
No, atteudtn . public schools sOj
" attending private schools.... ,. 100
" average daily attendance 7 0
" boys attending scboois (50
irirls attendiuz schools y
public schools 1$
" private schools
" colleges 0
" academies 1
" teachers la pnblia Bclioois. ;., 27
" teachers In private schools . 6
" . school houses in county 9
schoul houses ownsd by districts 0
" districts fully orsanizeJ .-. 2
districts paniallv or caaized.. 19
' dlsiricts tuioi-t-inized 7
Average monthly salary of teachers 36
Branches taught in public schools:
Reading, writing, spelling and gnmmar,
in English and Spanish, geography, arith
metic and United States history. In ad
dition to the foregoing branches, which
are required by law, three of the public
schools and two of the private schools
give instructions in higher arithmetic,
philosophy, botany, physiology, Latin,
music and drawing.
There is a present and urgent demand
in the county for about thirty more schools
than we now have, and if the funds were
available with which to establish these
and supply them with good teachers, they
would all be well attended. The national
census tables confront us with the humil
iating fact that New Mexico has a higher
percentage of illiteracy than any -other
political division of the United States,
but my experience fully convinces me that
this is not the fault of the people. They
are justas willing and just as anxious to
Mucate their children as are the people
c other section of the country, but
of any. .education are not within
the means c. - new IaWj under which
their reach. Tlu. -Ves a long stride in
we are now acting, mn. of affairs,
the direction of a better st. t,e fujjy
and when all its provisions can .. .
carried into effect, the school house .
soon become as familiar an object in New
Mexico as it is now in New England.
W. S. Burke,
Superintendent of Schools, Bernalillo Co.
Though not connected with the public
school system proper, mission schools
may properly be mentioned as important
educational agencies. The following is
therefore submitted as a supplement to
the foregoing report : - L
MISSION SCHOOLS FOR MEXICAN CHIL
DREN SUPPORTED BY THE BOARD OF
HOME MISSIONS OF THE PRESBYTE
RIAN CHURCH. '
rajanto. jn. M.. attendance .... an
Corrales, N. M., attendance : 29
Jemez springs, N. m . , attendance 15
oaiazar, attendance 1
copper city. J. M., attendance .-. vo
Total... ..- in
The above schools cost about $650 each
SCHOOLS FOR INDIAN CHILDREN -SUP
PORTED IN PART BY THE HOME MIS
SION BOARD - Or THK PESBYTERIAN
These schools are conducted under
contract with the .interior department in
accordance with what is known as the
"Quaker Policy" of General Grant. Un
der that policy the Indians of the entire
country were, by an amicable arrange
ment, divided among the differeut relig
ious denominations (Nev Mexico being
given no 'the Presbyterians) with the
idea of enlisting private beneficence to
supplement congressional appropriations
for their education and enlightenment.
By th3 alliance the department not only
expected to establish more schools with
the limitted appropriations made by con
gres, but it was considered that better
men for such work would be found by the
churches than by purely political methods.
Since that time the matter of Indian edu
cation has proved successful and as it is
conceded to be the only correct solution
of the Indian question it seems unreason
able and unjust for a rich government to
allow private charity to help it do what is
not only the duty but the interest ol the
government to do. The philanthropist
can always find an outlet for all his avail
able meant and should not be asked to
Fulton. CHIOACO. ILL.
contribute to an already overflowing
A. ik. nti.klA t( T oerilnQ tvtrn AaV
m kilt- puwtu w - " J --
schools are carried on about ten miles
apart, having an aggregate of about
At the pueblo of Santo Domingo, a
day school is just now being opened.
At the pueblo oi Jemei, a day school
with an attendance of about thirty-5ve is
"The atieadance on these schools -is
somewhat irregular owing to want of pa
rental control and nearness to the homes
so that their influence cannot always De
determined by the average attendance.
Many persons question the utility of
schools in the pueblos because of the
seeming impossibility of securing regular
attendance. It is true that the pupils can
not advance so rapidly as in boarding
schools away from the homes and con
sidered from a financial point of view
they do not pav, But without question
they exert a good influence upon both
parent and child and Jeach with more or
less effect that conservative element which
nothing short of force could take to the
distant boarding school.
At Albuquerque an industrial boarding
school was organized January 1, 1 88 1, and
has been successfully conducted ever
since. Last summer the Interior depart
ment put up buildings costing $30,000 on
the land donated for that purpose by the
citizens of Albuquerque.
The school has had this year an en
rollment of 199, with an average attend
ance of over 1 56.
The corps ot instructors comprise six
teen ladies and gentlemen. In the liter
ary department special attention is given
to teaching the English language.
In addition to the ordinary branches,
reading, writing and. arithmetic, geogra
phy, history, physiology and drawing are
taught with gratifying success. In the in
dustrial department, the girls are care
fully instructed in needle work, cooking,
washing, ironing and general house work;
the boys in addition . to general work
about the house, have had special instruc
tion in farming, carpentry, masonry,
painting and wagon working. Through
the - co-operation of an enter
Drisin? firm in Albuaueraue. one bov
is learning the tinsmith trade, : and two
boys are employed in stores.
The pupils are from the Pueblo, the
Ute, and the Apache tribes of Indians.
As a rule they take kindly to the regula
tions of the school, and manifest a laud- .
able desire to imrjrove. While the school
is doing a good work, it might from its
central position do a 'much greater work.
It should be able to-do for 500 what it is
now doing for 1 50. To accomplish this,
two things are needed new buildings
and increased government aid. The gov
ernment pays only about one-half of the
actual expenses of the school. Private
charity spends -thousands ot dollars
every year in connection with the school
which should come from the government.
If the gouernment cannot pay all the ex
pense of the school, it should at least
meet all the necessary expenses, leaving '
to private benevolence to provide those
'nveniencés and comforts which, while
co.. -rhaps absolutely necessary,, still
not-pi-.. .t0 tije success of the school,
add largely " , manifest a liberal spirit
Should congres. provision could be
toward the schooi, mt of the ind.s
made for the enlargemu . .. -tbrace every
trial department so as to eu. 'an child
trade and thereby give each Inu. - that
an opportunity to learn something --
would render him capable of self-support.
The Indian must learn to take care of
himself and it is the duty of the govern
ment to help him to that condition. To
that end hand education is worth more to .
him than head education and therefore
the government should provide funds suf
ficient to enable the school to carry on its
work with the best possible means and in
the true direction. Public interest is
awakening on the subject and the hope
may be indulged that within a few years
congress will liberally give the means that
is so urgently needed.
- The schools in the pueblos cost about
$2,500 each per annum. The Albuquer
que Indian school last year cost about
$25.000, of which the government paid
$16,000; this year the cost will be greater.
M. C. Zirhut has the largest sio' of
carnages in the southwest and sells at
ísffor Than Bold!
USSin HOT WATER
PIL1JÍ81BT CO., AEÜTS,
Albuquerque, . How M ext..
--i-r V o. --l
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