OCR Interpretation

Santa Fe new Mexican. [volume] (Santa Fe, N.M.) 1898-1951, May 30, 1907, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of New Mexico

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020630/1907-05-30/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

VOL. 44.
NO. 90.
President States
Views in Memor
ial Day Speech
Where He Participates in
Unveiling of Monument to
General Lawton.
Indianapolis, Ind., May 30. A "Big
Four" train carrying President Roose
velt, Vice President Fairbanks - and
members of the Presidential party, ar
rived 'here at 10:40 a. an. The party
was met by a large reception commit
tee and, driven to the home of Vice
President Fairbanks, where luncheon
was served.
20,000 School Children Greet Him.
At place of the Monument unveil
ing nearly 20,000 school children were
massed to greet the President. All
business was ' suspended and every
building in tihe city was decorated in
the national colors Following lunch
eon at Vice President Fairbank's home
the march 'began to. the court house
grounds for the main ceremony, the
unveiling of a handsome monument to
Major General Henry Lawton.
Procession Two Miles Long.
The procession moved for two
miles through a solid mass of people.
Surrounding the monument the streets
were packed for many squares. The
weather was pleasant. On the plat
form were seated . Mrs. Lawton and
her three daughters. The program in
cluded an address by Governor Han
ley, the reading of a poem by James
Whitcomb Riley and President Roose
velt's address.
Trip Continuous Ovation.
The President's trip was a continu
ous ovation all the way from Belle
fontalne, Ohio, Where he first ap
peared in public today, to Iiuliui,irUs.
At al Wythe statics great - crowd3
pressed around , the President's car
and at several places the President
made brief remarks and everywhere
e shook hands with as many as
could get near Ihini.
President Talks on Railroad Situation.
President Roosevelt's address,
which was the principal one of the
unveiling ceremonies, while devoted
in part to Major General Lawton, and
the observance of Memorial Day, was
in the main devoted to the all absorb
ing topic of federal supervision and
control of the railroads of the coun
try. While in no way displaying any
antagonism to the railroads or their
interests but at the same time mak
ing it clearly understood that the
time for regulation of the common
carriers had come, rresldent Roose
velt spoke in part as follows:
Pays High Tribute to Dead Soldier.
"For more than one reason' I aji
peculiarly glad that this year I speak
on Memorial Day in the State of In
diana. There Is no other class of our
citizens to whom we owe so much as
to the veterans of the great war. To
them It was given to perform the one
feat with which no other feat can be
compared, for to them it was given
to preserve the Union. 'Moreover,
you men who wore the blue, blessed
beyond the victors in any other waf
of recent times, have left to your
countrymen more than the material
results of the triumph, more even
than the achieving the triumph Itself.
You have left a country so genuinely
reunited that all of us now. in what
ever part of this Union we live, have
a right to feel the keenest pride, no
only in the valor and self-devotion
of you, the gallant men who wore
the blue, but also in the valor and self
devotion of your gallant opponents
who wore tne gray, ine nero wnose
monument we today unveil, by his
life bore singular testimony to . the
completeness of the reunion. ' General
Lawton in his youth fought gallantly
in the Civil War. Thirty-three years
afterward he again ' marched to war,
this time against a foreign foe, and
served -with distinguished ability
and success as a general officer, both
in Cuba and in the Philippines. When
he thus served it was In an ,-, army
whose generals included not only
many of his old comrades in arms,
hut some of his old opponents also
as General Wheeler and General
Fttzhugh Lee. Under him, both
amonE the commissioned officers and
in the ranks, were mar men whose
fathers had worn the blue serving
side toy side with other whose lath
ers had worn the gray; hut all Ameri
cans now, and nothing but Americans
ail united In their fealty and devotion
to their common flag and their com
mon counrty, and each knowing only
the generous rivalry with his fellows
as to who could hest serve thecause
fnr iwM.h far.h was readv to lav down
life itself. To General Lawton it be
fell actually to lay down his life; a
tratfedv. but one of those noble trage
dies where our pride rises, above our
sorrow. For he died in the fullness
of time, serving his country with en
tire devotion a, death that every
man may well envy.
Present Duties Those of Peace.
"The men of the generation which
fought the Civil War had their great
tasks to perform. They met them as
strong men should have met them.
They did them, and .we, their children
profit by their mighty deeds. But no
generation can ever plead the great
deeds of its predecessors as an ex
cuse for falling to perform its own
duties. Our duties are those of peace
and not of war. Nevertheless they
are of the utmost imiwrtance; of im
portance to ourselves, and of still
greater importance to the children
who in a few years will take out
places as the men and women of this
Republic. If we wish to show our
selves worthy heirs of the men of the
Civil War, we must do our tasks with
the thoroughness with which they did
Solution of Great Problems of Today.
"Great social an dindustrlal prob
lems confront us, and their solution
djenmndis on our part unfaltering
courage, and yet a wise, good-natured
self-restraint; so that on the one
hand we shall neither ba daunted by
difficulties nor fooled by those who
would seek to persuade us that the
difficulties are insuperable; while on
the other hand we are not misled into
showing either rashness or vindic-
tiveness. Let us try as a people to
show the same qualities as we deal
with the industrial and social prob
lems of today that Abraham Lincoln
showed when with indomitable reso
lution, but with a kindliness, patience,
and common sense quite as remark
able, he faced Tour weary years of
open war in front of calumny, detrac
tion and intrigue from behind, and
at the end gave to his countrymen
whom ho had served so well the
blood-fought gift of a race freed and
a nation united.
Federal Control of Railroads.
"One great problem that we have
before us is to preserve the rights of
property; and those can only be pre
served if we remember that they are
in less jeopardy from the socialist
and the anarchist than from the pre
datory man of wealth. It has be
come evident that to refuse to invoke
the power of the nation to restrain
the wrongs committed by the man of
greii; Wealth who does evil is not only
to" neglect the interests of the public,
but is to neglect the interests of the
man of means who acts honorably by
his fellows. The power of the nation
must he exerted to stop crimes of
cunning no lens thnn crimes of vio
lence. There can no halt in the
-course we have deliberately elected
to pursue, the policy of asserting the
right of the nation, so far as it has the
power, to supervise and control the
business use of wealth, especially, in
its corporate form. Today I wish to
say a word to you about the first and
most important feature of this task,
the, control of the common carriers
doing an interstate business; a con
trol absolutely vested in the nation,
while in so far as the common car
riers also transport the mails it is in
my opinion probable that whether
their business is or is not interstate
it is to the same extent subject to
Federal control, under that clause of
the Constitution granting to the Na
tional Government power to establish
post roads and therefore by necessary
implication power to take all action
necessary in order to keep them at
the highest point of efficiency.
Rapidly Correcting tvils.
"Every Federal law dealing with
corporations or with railroads that
has been put upon the statute books
during the last six years has been a
step in advance in the right direction.
All action taken by the administration
under these and the pre-existing laws
has been just and proper. Every
suit undertaken during that period
has been a suit not merely warranted,
but required, by the facts; a suit in
the interest of the people as a whole,
and, in the long run, particularly in
the interest of stockholders, as well
as in tfce interest of business men
of property generally. There can je
no swerving from the course that has
thus been .mapped out in the legisla
tion actually enacted and in the -messages
in which' I have asked for fur
ther legislation. We best serve the
interests of the honest railway men
when we announce that we will fol
low out precisely this course. It is
the course of' real, of ultimate con
servatism, There will" be no halt in
the forward movement toward a full
development.' of : this policy; and
those wiho wish us to take a step
backward or to stand still, if their
wishes were realized, would find that
they had invited an outbreak of the
very radicalism they fear. There
must be progressive legislative and
administrative action for the correc
tion of the evils which every sincere
man must admit to have existed in
railroad management in the past. .
Movement to Regulate Permanent.
"The movement to regulate , rail
ways by law has come to stay. . The
people of this country have made up
their minds and! wisely made up
their minds to exercise a closer con
trol over all kinds of public-service
corporations, . including railways.
Every honestly managed railway will
gain and not lose by the policy. The
men more anxious to manipulate
stocks than to make the management
From Mexico Into
New Mexico and
Issues Proclamation Creating
Reservation Sixty Feet
Wide Along Line.
Memorial Day Ob
served Over Entire
Features of Exercises
Washington New York
and Chicago.
Washington, May 30, President
Roosevelt has issued a proclamation
creating a reservation sixty feet, wide
along the northern border of Mexico,
including the state of California and
the. Territories of Arizona and New
Mexico. The purpose o this reserva
tion is declared in the ' presidential
proclamation to be to aid in the sup
pression of smuggling across the in
ternational line.
Private entries in the line of the
projected reservation and such por
tions of it as are needed for roads are
reserved from the operations ordered.
Since the abolition of the old "Zona
Libre," or free zone, between Mexico
and the United States, it has been
found increasingly difficult to prevent
smuggling across the boundary, hence
this order.
of their roads efficient and honest are
the only ones who have cause to op
pose it. ' -
Square Deal for All. '
"We who believe in steady and
healthy progress stand unalterably
for the new era of the widest publici
ty, and of fair dealing on the part of
railroads with stockholders, passen
gers, an'd shippers. We ask the con
sent of no man in carrying out. this
policy; but. we gladly " wHcome the
aid of every man in perfecting the
law in its details, and in securing its
enactment and the faithful observ
ance of its wise provisions. We seek
nothing revolutionary. We ask for
such laws as In their essence now
obtain in the staid old common
wealth of Massachusetts; such laws
as now obtain in England. The pur
pose of those of us who so resolute
ly believe in the new policy, in its
thorough carrying out and in its pro
gressive development, is in no sense
punitive or vindictive. We would be
the first to protest against any form
of confiscation of property, and wheth
er we protested or not, I may add
that the Supreme Court could be
trusted in any event to see that there
should be nothing done under the
guise of regulating roads to destroy
property without just compensation
or without due process of law. As
a matter of course, we .shall punish
any criminal whom we can convict
under the law; but we have no in
tention of confounding the innocent
many and the guilty few by any ill
judged and sweeping scheme of ven
geance. Our aim Is primarily to pre
vent these abuses in the future.
Wherever evil doers can be, they shall
be, brought to justice; and no crim
inal, high or low, whom we can reach
will receive Immunity. But the rights
of Innocent Investors should not be
jeoparded by legislation or executive
action; we sanction no legislation
which would fall heavily on them, in
stead of on the original wrongdoers
or beneficiaries of the wrong.
Laws Must Not Retard Development.
"There must be no such rigid laws
as will prevent the development of
the country, and such development
can only he' had if investors are of
fered an ample reward for the risk
they take. We would 'be the first to
oppose any unreasonable restrictions
being placed upon the issuance of
stocks and bonds, for such would sim
ply hamper the growth of the United
States; for a railroad must ultimately
stand on its credit. But this does noi
prevent our 'demanding that there be
lodged in the government 'power to
exercise a jealous care against the
inflation of securities, and all the
evils that come in Its train.
"There has been much wild talk as
to the extent of the overcapitalization
of our railroads. The census' reports
on the commercial value of the rail
roads of the country, together with,
the reports made to the Interstate
Commerce Commission by the rail-!
roads on their cost of construction,
tend to show that as a whole the rail
road property of the country is worth
as much as the securities represent-!
Ing it, and that in the consensus of
opinion of Investors the total value
of stocks' and bonds is greater than
their total face value, no' withstand
ing the "water" that has been injec
ted in .particular-places. The huge
value of terminals, the. immense ex-;
pendiitures in recent years in double
tracking, improving grades, roadbeds,
and" structures have brought the total
Investments to a point where the
(Continued on Page Eight.) I
Washington, May .'10. With solemn
and Impressive ceremonies Memorial
Day was observed in the National Cap
ital on a more elaborate scale than
usual. Public exercises perpetuating
the memory of the dead were held at
eight National Cemeteries in this vi
cinity. The principal exercises took
place at the National Cemetery at Ar
lington, where 18,000 graves were
strewn with flowers. A touching fea
ture was the decoration of the graves
of the Confederate dead.
Delegate Andrews of New Mexico,
took a party to Arlington Cemetery.
The day was delightful and all gov
ernment departments were closed.
There were many thousands a all
the cemeteries.
New York's Observance Elaborate.
New York, May 30. With three pa
rades of veterans and escorts and with
special exercises tonight in Carnegie
Hall at which Governor Hughes will
be present and with the unveiling this
afernoon on University Heights of
twelve tablets, with orations by Gov
ernor Hughes and Governor Guild of
Massachusetts there will be more fea
tures of the Memorial Day exercises
this year than usual. The main pn
rade today was reviewed by General
O. O. Howard.
Largest Parade in History of Chicago.
Chicago, 111., May 30. Memorial
Day was marked by the largest parade
In Chicago's history. It is estimated
that, more than 7,000 men marched
past the reviewing stand. Governor
Deneen reviewed the parade.
General Kuroki, hero of the battle
of Yalu, took part in the Memorial
exercises and in view of thousands of
spectators placed a wreath upon the
monument of Abraham Lincolu in
Lincoln Park.
draped with festoons of paper strands
in the national colors. Flags of vary
ing sizes are also conspicuous in
front of private residences throughout
the city.
During the forenoon hours there
was a stream of people carrying flow
ers bound for the National Cemetery
and other burying grounds in the out
skirts of the city. However, flowers
are not as plentiful as usual this year
on account of the recent killing frosts
and unseasonable weather, but the
available supply was made to go us
far as possible in the decoration of
the graves.'
Order of Procession.
According to the program the pa
rade will start this afternoon prompt
ly at 3 o'clock. It will be formed on
Lincoln Avenue with the right rest
ing on Palace Avenue. The organi
zations participating were requested
to be in line ready to move at the
appointed time. The line of march
is east on Palace Avenue to Cathedral
Street, thence south to San Francisco
Street, and thence to the National
Cemetery via San Francisco Street
and Rosario Avenue.. At the conclu
sion of the ceremones at the ceme
tery the procession is scheduled to
return to 'the city on Rosnrio A venue
and Johnston Street disbanding upon
arrival at the Plaza. Arthur J. Grif
fin is the marshal of the day.
Ceremonies at Cemetery.
The c.-reinonies at the cemetery
are to begin immediately upon the
arrival of the procession there. John
i Victory, commander of Carle ton
Post, No, 3, Grand Army of the Re
public, will read the preliminary rit
ual address, which will be followed
by the reading of the national order
and President Lincoln's famous
speech at Gettysburg by Judge John
R. MeFie, past commander of Carle
ton Post.
Ex-Governor L. Bradford Prince
will be orator of the day, and his
speech is next on the program. There
will be other ceremonies appropriate
to the occasion including an Infantry
salute to the dead and the strewing
of tiowers on the graves.
Rev. E. C. Anderson, pastor ot St.
John's Methodist Episcopal Church,
will pronounce the benediction and the
ceremonies will close with "taps."
Scarcity of Flowers
Owing to Late
Afternoon Program to Be
Carried Out Unless Rain
Old Jupiter Pluvius seems bent on
doing a little celebrating on his own
account this Memorial Day. From
early morning the sky has been over
cast with ominous looking clouds
which completely obscured the sun,
and, according to the press dispatches,
threatening weather is prevailing all
over the United States.
In Santa Fe this morning the unfa
vorable aspect of the weather did not
Interfere to any great extent with the
final preparations for the observance
of the day set for the honoring of the
nation's fallen heroes. The Memorial
program will be carried out this after
noon as planned unless prevented by
rain, despite the already muddy con
dition of the streets as a result of
showers during the night.
Business Generally Suspended.
Memorial Day is being generally ob
served this year in Santa Fe. The
Capitol building Is practically de
serted, all of the offices being closed.
Most of the other public buildings are
also closed for the day, The banks In
accordance with their custom did not
open their doors for business this
morning and most of the stores and
other business houses- closed at noon
that' employers and employes might
have a half holiday. Sunday hours
were observed at the postoffice, in ad
dition one delivery of mail being made
in the forenoon.
San Francisco Street presents a
unique appearance lined with ever
green trees placed along the curb at
Intervals .through which the proces
sion Is scheduled to pass. Many of
the stores In the heart of the city are
decorated with flags and bunting or
Population of Territorial Penitentiary
Lacks Six of Reaching Three
Hundred Mark.
Four more inmates were received
las night at the Territorial Peniten
tiary. The new arrivals were cou
victed of felonies at the recent term of
the district court of Chaves County.
They were brought here by Sheriff C.
L. Ballard, of Chaves County, who was
accompanied by Sheriff J. D. Chris
topher of Eddy County and Lieutenant
John W. Collier, of the Territorial
Mounted Police.
Frank Hayes received the longest
sentence of any of the quartet, being
given two years in prison. He was
found guilty of obtaining money under
false pretenses. He is thirty-nine
years of age.
The other prisoners and the senten
ces they received and the crimes con
victed of. are as follows:
Lon Reynolds, aged 38 years, sen
tenced to one year for the larceny of
a calf.
T. Edwards, aged 24, sentenced to
one year and six months for assault
with a deadly weapon.
Jim Wilson, aged 23 years, senten
ced to one year for robbery.
Jake Netherlis and J. S. Blackwell,
two convicts who had been taken to
Roswell to appear as -witnesses in a
cattle stealing and an arson case,
were brought back to the penitentiary
at the same time.
Superintendent 'Arthur Trelford
stated today that the convict popula
tion of the penitentiary to date is 294,
the largest it has been in the history
of the institution. A year ago the In
mates numbered 249.
Mrs. W. H. Warner to Leave Western
Union to Take Management of Pos
tal in Santa Fe.
On June 1 Mrs. Wf H. Warner, who
has been for several years manager of
the Western Union Telegraph Com
pany's office in Santa Fe will retire to
assume the managership of the Postal
I Telegraph Company In this city. By so
doing she will also acquire the pri
vate telegraph line running between
i this city and Los Cerrillos.
John W. Mayes, who is the manager
, at present of the. Postal Telegraph
, Company in this city has purchased
i the Insurance business of Carl A.
I Bishop and Company and will also en
I gage in the practice of the legal pro
fession. He was admitted to the bar
, of New Mexico at the January term of
the Territorial Supreme Court after a
very creditable examination.
Mrs. Warner's successor as manager
of the local office of the Western
; Union Telegraph Company has not yet
,been announced but it is understood
I that the position has been offered to
,an operator now stationed at Cripple
Creek, Colorado.
40.000 IDLE
As Result of Exist
ing Labor Troubles
Police Take Three Into Cus
tody For Alleged Cutting
of Wires.
San Francisco. Calif.. Mav 20. Th
police last night arrested Charles
Cordes, John McDonald and William
F. Burton, leading members of tho
Carmen's Union on the chnree of In
terfering with the trolley wires of the
t niteu Railroads.
According to figures based on an
investigation conducted by Harbor
Commissioner Stafford, formerly state
labor commissioner, approximately
forty thousand persons are idle in this
city as a result of the existing labor
The Call says today:
"The commercial interests of San
Francisco have formally demanded
the removal of the present incumbents
of the police board and the appoint
ment of a new commission from a
list of names selected by the rejuve
nated and enlarged committee of fifty
originally appointed by Mayor
New York Giants Go Down in Defeat
Before Phillies in Contest at
On account of its being Memorial
Day morning games were played to
day in addition to the afternoon games
in both the National . and American
The results of the morning games
were as follows:
National league At New York:
Philadelphia, 5; New York, 2. At
Boston: Boston 4; Brooklyn, 0.
American League -At Washington:
New York, 3; Washington, 1. At Phil
adelphia: Philadelphia, 3; Boston, 1.
Western League.
At Des Moines: Des Moines 7:
Lincoln G.
National League.
At Pittsburg: Chicago G; Pi'.tsburg4
At St. l.ouis: Cincinnati 7; St.
Louis 514 innings.
American League.
At Cleveland: Cleveland 1; De
troit 0.
At Chicago: Chicago S; St.
Louis 2. i
National Leagce.
At New York: New York 15; Phil
adelphia 1.
Batteries Pittinger, McClusbey and
Jacklitsch; McGinnity, Taylor, Bow
erman and Fitzgerald.
At St. Louis: Cincinnati 1; St.
Ix)uis, 0.
Batteries McGlynn and Noonan;
Mason and McLean.
At, Boston: Brooklyn S; Boston 5.
Batteries Rucker and Ritter; Dor
ner, Boultes and Brown.
' American League.
At Philadelphia: First game, Phil
adelphia 4; Boston 0. Second Game
Philadelphia 4; Boston 3.
Batteries Young and Criger;
Coombes and Powers.
At Chicago: Chicago 6: St. Louis 5.
Batteries White, MoFarland and
Sullivan; Pelty, Howell and Stephens.
At Washington: New York 2;
Washington 1.
Batteries tPatten and Blankenship;
Chesbro, Keefe and Klein.
At Cleveland: Cleveland 9; De
troit 5.
Batteries Hess, Joss and Bemis;
Mullin, Eubanks, Selver and Payne.
Western League.
At Denver: Denver 6; Pueblo 2.
Batteries Olmstead and Zalusky;
Morgan and Smith.
'At Sioux City: Siuox City 1; Oma
ha 0.
Batteries Newlin and Spies; Ra
gan and Gonding. .
At Des Moines: Des Moines 7; Lin
coln 6. ,
Batteries Miller and Shannon;
Jones and Zinran.
Norfolk, W. Va., May 30.William
J. Bryan was the orator of the day at
the celebration of "Patrick Henry
Day" at' the Jamestown Exposition to
day. "Taxation Without- Representa
tion is Tyranny," was his subject.
Butchers' shipping certificates, such
as are required by law, printed la
blank form by the New Mexicn
Pr'tlng Compaiy.

xml | txt