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Santa Fe new Mexican. [volume] (Santa Fe, N.M.) 1898-1951, October 02, 1907, Image 1

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VOL. 44.
NO. 197
Uses Revolver To
Hasten Death at
victim oTlecKis
Became Despondent When
Told He Could Live But
Few Days.
Special to the New Mexican.
Albuquerque, N. M., Oct., 2. Eman
uel Matthews, a machinist, of San
Francisco, 31 years old, who, with his
brother has been living here for the
benefit of his health, ended his life
early this morning by shooting himself
through the heart with a pistol.
Matthews had been told that he
could live but a few days, as he was
in the last stages of tuberculosis. At
the time of his suicide he was suffer
Ing from a severe coughing spell. He
held the pistol under the bed clothes
so that his brother was the only one
who heard the report of the shot
When he reached the bed his brother
was dead.
Matthews had been despondent and
had threatened to end his life. His
room had been searched for weapons
and even his pen knife had been tak
en from him. It is not known how he
secured the pistol.
Matthews leaves a widow and one
child in San Francisco. The body will
be sent there for burial. Matthews'
father was en route to this city, know
ing that his son was dying.
ii in r
Burning Flue Creates Excitement for
Few Minutes Interrupts Night
Session of Court.
A snficinl session of the district
court for Santa Fe county was being
held last night which was Interrupted
by the cry of "Fire!" While Juan
Garcia was testifying in his own oe
r half in the trial for the murder of
his brother, some one came running
up stairs all out of breath and excited
ly broke the news that the court
house was on fire. Adjournment soon
.followed and court officials, jurymen,
witnesses and others hurriedly left
the building.
The chimney that burned out U in
the center of the roof and was form
erly used by the hot air heater which
has been out of commission for some
time. The fire was built in the stove
in the court room and the blaze was
caused by the burning of the accum
ulation ojj soot in the flue.
The blaze called out the fire depart
ment, but the services of the fire
men were not needed. A passerby
who saw sparks flying rather prom
iscuously from the chimney turn
ed in an alarm, which attract
ed a large crowd to the scene. The
sparks fell harmlessly on the me'tal
roof of the courthouse and finally died
out entirely.
Government Alleges It Granted Con
cessions to Arizona Cement Manu
facturing Company.
Los Angeles, Calif., Oct., 2. Evid
ence for the most part of a techincal
and documentary character was intro
duced by the government when the
trial of the Santa Fe railroad on the
charge of evading the Elklns law was
resumed before a jury in the United
States district court.
The prosecution introduced many
freight documents in an effort to prove
that the Grand Canyon Lime and Ce
ment company of Arizona received sixty-six
"corrections" of weight and
charges, and depended upon the pre
ponderance of such "correction" cards
to show that the company was the
teclplent of as many rebates. Attor
neys for the Santa Fe are standing
upon the "regular form" of these cards
and claim that they sent agents to
points in southern California where
lime shipments were received, mere
ly as "Inquiries" as to the "weight of
.each car."
Large Crowds From Central New !
Mexico Participating in Celebra
tion at Estancia.
Special to the New Mexican.
Estancia, N. M., Oct., 2. The Tor
rance County Fair 1b in full blast and
a great success. The exhibits of veg
etables, cereals and grasses are very
extensive and some of the specimens
are as fine as can be found anywhere
in the United States. Many farmers
from the surrounding sections have
arrived here and the crowd is large.
Every settlement and town in the
Estancia Valley and in the Manzano
Mountains is represented.
People living along the line of the
El Paso and Southwestern Railroad,
such as Tucumcarl, Santa Rosa, Pas
tura, Durand, Corona and Carrizozo
and further south, have taken advan
tage of the low rates granted by the El
Paso and Southwestern an the Santa
Fe Central railroads and are here in
goodly numbers. .
From Santa Fe a number have ar
rived as well as from Stanley, Hagan,
Moriarty, Mcintosh and Willard. The
fair is certainly proving a success and
the people are having a great time.
Sydney, N. S., Oct., 2. The Ameri
can auxiliary schooner, John R. Brad
ley, which left here in July last for
the Arctic regions, arrived- here late
yesterday. The Bradley landed Dr. F.
H. Cook, in command of an explora
tion expedition at Smith's Sound. The
expedition expects to cross Ellsmore
land early in the spring and will at
tempt to reach the pole by way of the
Polar Sea.
Forty-fifth Triennial Convention Con
venes In Richmond, Virginia.
Problems Discussed.
Richmond, Va., Oct. 2. Facing all
the problems that have been discussed
and passed over in conventions gone
by and a number of new questions
of great Importance the Protestant
Episcopal church of the United States
assembled today for its forty- i tri
ennial convention, which Is expected
to be one of the most interesting In
the history of this church.
Right Rev. A. F. Wlnnington-Ingram
bishop of London, preached the ser
mon at the celebration of Holy Com
munion, this being the opening cere
mony. The meetings today were for
the purpose of organization only.
President Roosevelt Believes They Are
Among Nation's Greatest Assets
Chief Executive Outlines Policy on This Subject in Ad
dress Today at St. Louis Again Declares For Bigger
and Better Navy Has Pleasant Voyage
Down Mississippi River.
Understood Albuquerque Retailers
Obey Court's Orders to Answer
. . Questions. ;
Albuquerque, N. M., Oct., 2 W. H.
Hahn of W. H. Hahn and Company
and John S. Beaven, retail coal deal
ers of this city, were before the terri
torial grand jury here yesterday and
today to answer questions as to the
causes resulting in the recent advanc
es In coal prices. It is understood the
two witnesses answered all questions
propounded to them in compliance
with an order made by Judge Ira A
Abbott last week, following their re
fusal to testify.
Formal Transfer Took Place Yester
day in Election of Officers No
Chicago, Oct., 2 The old Chicago
and Alton Railroad passed under new
control yesterday by the electioa of
Edwin 'M. Hawley of the Clover Leaf
syndicate and H. A. Jackson, first
vice-president of the Rock Island Sys-
tem, as directors to succeed Eward H.
Harriman and James Stillman. The
Hawley-Shonts Clover Leaf Syndicate
appeared to be in absolute control.
Dynamite Mail Car
With Disastrous
Which Consumes Coaches- -
Several Passengers Fatally
Odessa, Russia, Oct., 2. A , train
having on board over two hundred
passengers was held up near here last
night by robbers who opened the mail
car by exploding dynamite under it.
The explosion set the car on Are and
the flames communicated to the crowd
ed passenger cars. Several women and
children were fatally burned. While
the robbers were trying to open tne
safe some gendarmes attacked them.
Several of both sides were wounded.
The robbers escaped.
St. Louis, Mo., Oct., 2. Welcomed
by screaming whistles, clanging bells,
the thunder of bursting bombs and
huzzahs from thousands of human
throats, President Theodore Roose
velt landed at St. Louis at 9:47
o'clock this morning, marking the
first stop on his voyage down the
Mississippi river, from Keokuk to
Memphis, where he will attend the
Lakes to the Gulf Deep Waterways As
sociation's convention on Friday.
The cruise of the President is In
response to a general invitation from
the governors of the states along the
Mississippi river, given in the belief
that he will be so impressed with the
enormous waste of freight carrying
energy that he will exert a powerful
inlluence in favor of committing the
government to act with definite and
larger spirit toward deepening the
great inland channels for navigation
by ocean-going craft.
When the President landed be was
greeted by the governors of fifteen
states and territories, congressmen
and city dignitaries. A line of proces
sion was quickly formed for a drive to
the Jal All building in the western
portion' of the city, five miles from the
river, where the President delivered
the following speech:
The President's Address.
"It Is a very real pleasure to ad
dress this body of citizens of Missouri
here In the great city of St. Louis. J
have often visited St. Louis before,
but always by rail. Now I am visit
intr it in the course of a trip by water,.
a triD on the great natural highway
which 4ms past y'bur very' doors--a
highway once so important, now al
most abandoned, which I hope this na
tion will see not only restored to all
Its former usefulness, but given a
far greater degree of usefulness to
correspond with the extraordinary
growth in wealth and population of
the Mississippi valley. We have lived
in an era of phenomenal railroad
building. As routes for merchandise,
the iron highways have completely
supplanted the old wagon roads, and
under their competition the Import
ance of the water highways has been
much diminished. The growth of the
railway system has been rapid all ov
er the world, but nowhere so rapid as
in the United States. Accompanying
this there has grown in the United
States a tendency toward the practic
ally complete abandonment of the
system of water transportation. Such
a tendency is certainly not healthy
and I am convinced that it will not be
permanent. There are many classes
of commodities, especially those
which are perishable in their nature
and where the value is high relative
ly to the bulk, which will always be
carried by rail. But bulky commodi
ties which are not of a perishable na
ture will always be specially suited
for the conditions of water transport.
To illustrate the truth of this state
ment it would only be necessary to
point to the use of the canal system
in many countries of the old world;
but it can be illustrated even better
by what has happened nearer home.
The great lakes offer a prime exam
ple of the importance of a good water
highway for mercantile traffic. As the
line of traffic runs through lakes, the
conditions are In some respects dif
ferent from what must obtain on ev
en the most Important river. Never
theless, It Is well to remember that
a very large part of this traffic Is 'con
ditioned upon an artificial waterway,
a canal the famous Soo. The com
merce that passes through the Soo
far surpasses In bulk and In value
that of the Suez canal.
Improve the System of River High
"Prom every standpoint It is desir
able for the nation to join In Improv
ing the greatest system of river high
ways within Its borders, a system sec
ond only in Importance to the high
way afforded by the Great Lakes;
the highways of the Mississippi and
Its great tributaries, such as the Mis
souri and Ohio. This river system
traverses too many states to render it
possible to leave merely to the states
the task of fitting It for the greatest
use of which It Is capable. It is em
phatically a national task, for this
great river system Is Itself one of our
chief national assets. Within the last
few years there has been an awaken-
the supervision of and by the aid of
the federal government. This is es
pecially true of all that concerns our
running waters. On the mountains
from which the springs start we are
now endeavoring to preserve the for
ests which regulate the water supply
and prevent too startling variations
between droughts and freshets. Be
low the mountains, in the high dry re
gions of the western plains, we en
deavor to secure the proper utiliza
tion of the waters for Irrigation. This
is at the sources of the streams. Far
ther down, where they become navi
gable, our aim must be to try to de
velop a policy which shall secure the
utmost advantage from the navigable
waters. Finally, on the lower courses
of the Mississippi, the nation should
do its full share in the work of levee
building; and incidentally to its pur
pose of nerving navigation, this will
also prevent the ruin of alluvial bot
toms by floods. Our knowledge Is not
sufficiently far advanced to enable me
to speak definitely as to the plans
which should be adopted; but let me
say one word of warning: The dan
ger of entering on any such scheme
lies In the adoption of Impossible and
undesirable plans, plans the adoption
of which means an outlay of money
extravagant beyond all proportion to
the return, or which, though feasible,
are not, relatively to other plans, of
an Importance which warrant their
adoption. It will not be easy to se
cure the assent of a fundamentally
cautious people like our own to the
adoption of such a policy as that I
ifope to see adopted; and even tf we
begin to follow out such a policy it
certainly will not be persevered In if
it Is found to entail reckless extrava
gance or to be tainted with jobbery.
The interests of the nation as a whole
must be always the first consideration.
"This is properly a national move
ment, because all interstate and for
eign commerce, and the improvements
and methods of carrying it on, are sub
jects for national action. Moreover,
while of course the matter of the im
provement of the Mississippi river
and its tributaries is one which es
pecially concerns the great middle por
tion of our country, the region be
tween the Alleghenles and the Rock
ies, yet it Is of concern to the rest of
the country also, for it can not too
often be said that whatever Is really
beneficial to one part of our country is
ultimately of benefit to the whole.
ExSctly as it Is a good thing for the
Interior of our country that the sea
ports on the Atlantic and the Pacific
and the Gulf should be safe and com
modious. so it Is to the Interest of
the dwellers on the coast that the in
terior should possess ample facilities
for the transportation of its products,
Our interests are all closely inter
woven, and In the long run It will be
found that we go up or go down to
Must Build Up and Maintain a Fight
ing Navy.
"Now, gentlemen, this leads me up
to another matter for national consid
eration and that is our Navy. The
navy is not primarily of importance
only to the coast regions. It is everv
bit as much the concern of the farm
er who dwells a thousand mile3 from
sea water as of the fisherman who
makes his living on the ocean, for It
is the concern of every good American
who knows what the meaning of the
word patriotism is. This country is
definitely committed to certain funda
mental policies to the Monroe doc
trine, for instance, and to the duty not
only of building, but, when it Is built,
of policing and defending the Panama
Canal. We have definitely taken our
place among the great world powers
and It would be a sign of Ignoble
weakness, having taken such a place,
to shirk Its responsibilities. Therefore,
unless, we are willing to abandon this
place, to abandon our insistence upon
the Monroe doctrine, to give up the
Panama Canal, and to be content to
asknowledge ourselves a weak and
timid nation, we must steadily build
up and maintain a great fighting navy.
"In conclusion I wish to say a word
to this body, containing as it does so
many business men, upon what is pre
eminently a business proposition, and
that is the proper national supervision
and control of corporations. At the
meeting of the American Bar associ
Ing In this country to the need , of , ation In this last AugustJudge Charles
both the conservation and the develop-1 .p. Amldon, of North Dakota, read a
ment of our national resources under paper on the Nation and the Constitu
tion so admirable that it is reserving
of very wide study; for what ho said
was, as all studios of law in Its high
est form ought to be, a contribution
to constructive jurisprudence as it
should bo understood not only by
judges but by legislators, not only by
those who Interpret and decide the
law, but by those who make it. and
who admiuistcr or execute It. He
quoted from the late Justice Miller, of
the Supreme Court, to show that even
in the interpretation of the constitu
tion by this, the highest authority of
the land, the court's successive decis
ions must be tested by the way they
work in actual application to the Na
tional life; the court adding to Its
thought and study the results of ex
perience and observation until the
true solution is evolved by a process
both of inclusion and exclusion. Said
Justice Miller: 'The meaning of the
Constitution Is sought as much in the
National life as in the dictionary;' for,
as has been well said, government
purely out of a law library can never
be really good government."
"Now that the questions of govern
ment are becoming so largely econom
ic, the majority of our so-called con
stitutional cases really turn not upon
the lmerpreation of the instrument it
self, but upon the construction, the
right apprehension of the living condi
tions to which it Is to be applied. The
Constitution is now and must remain
what It always has been; but it can
only be Interpreted as the interests
of the whole people demand, if inter
preted as a living organism, designed
to meet the conditions of life and not
of death; in other words, if interpret
ed as Marshall Interpreted it, as Wil
son declared it should be interpreted.
The Marshall theory, the theory of
life and not of death, allows to the Na
tion, that Is to the people as a whole,
when onco it finds a subject within
the national cognizance, the widest
and freest choice of methods for na
tional power, and sustains every exer
cise of national power which has any
reasonable relation to this theory
means, for instance, that the Nation
that we, the ninety millions of people
of this country will be left helpless
to control the huge corporations which
now domineer in our industrial life,
and that they will have the authority
of the courts to work their desires un
checked; and such a decision would
in the end be as disastrous for them
as for us. If the theory of the Mar
shall school prevails, then an Immense
field of national power, now unused,
will be devolped, which will be. ade
quate for dealing with many, if not all,
of the economic problems which vex
us; and we shall be saved from the
omnious threat of a constant oscilla
tion between economic tyranny and
economic chaos. Our Industrial, and
therefore our social, future as a Na
tion depends upon settling aright this
urgent question.
Need For Federal Supervision Over
"There are difficulties arising from
our dual form of government. If they
prove to be insuperable resort must
be had to the power of amendment. Let
us first try to meet them by an exer
cise of all the powers of the National
Government which in the Marshall
spirit of broad interpretation can be
found in the Constitution as it Is. They
are of vast extent. The chief economic
question of the day In this country i3
to provide a soverign for the great
corporations engaged In interstate
business; that is, for the railroads and
the Interstate Industrial corporations.
At the moment our prime concern is
with the railroads. When railroads
were first built they were purely local
In character. Their boundaries were
not coextensive even with the bound
arles of one State. They usually cov
ered but two or three counties. All
this has now changed. At present five
great systems embody nearly foui
5511)11) TUNNEL
Moffatt Road Plans
Huge Undertak
ing means sSTof III
Project of Colorado Line Will
Cut Down Schedule to Salt
Lake 12 Hours.
Denver, Oct. 2. Articles of incor
poration of the Continental Tunnel
Company signed by Thomas F. Walsh,
John W. Springer, James II. Blood,
Herbert George and Y. O. Temple,
have been made ready for filing at the
office of the secretary of state. The
company Is organized to build a tun
nel through James Peak at an esti
mated cost of five million dollars for
the use of the Moffatt road, cutting
out the present steep climb over the
range and reducing the possible run
ning time of trains between Denver
and Salt Lake to twelve hours.
Sultan Must Settle All Back Claims
and Help Pay Expenses of
Recent War.
Paris, Oct. 2. At his approaching
interview with Sultan Abdul Aziz at
Rabat, M. Regnault, the French min
ister will make the following de
mands: First The settlement of all back
claims of France.
Second A definite arrangement for
the policing of the Algerian frontier
Third The settlement of the Casa
Blanca affair, Including a contribution
towards the war expenses and indem
nity for French citizens who suffered
from the anti-foreign outbreak there.
Fourth The immediate execution
of reforms provided for by the Alge
Has convention, beginning with the
installation in all ports of the Franco
Spanish police.
The powers, with the exception of
Spain, have agreed to the measures
formulated by France for preventing
the Introduction of contraband into
Morocco. In spite of the Spanish res
ervations these measures will be
placed in operation. The foreign of
fice has received complete proof that
Mulal Hafig, the pretender, is not hos
tile to France, but simply desires
French neutrality in his contest for
the sultanship.
Office Has Been Opened in Catron
Block Able Bodied Men Wanted
for Military Service.
(Continues on Fags Eight)
Miss Gladys Van
derbilt the Bride-To-Be
Report Says Engagement to
Nobleman Will Be An
nounced This Week.
New York, Oct., 2. Miss Gladys
Moore Vanderbilt, who is said to have
inherited over twenty million dollars
from her father, Cornelius Vanderbilt.
Is to be the next American girl to wed
a foreign title, according to a story
published In the American today. The
announcement of her engagement to
an Austrian nobleman, it is stated,
will be made this week at "The Break
ers" In Newport.''
Able bodied men in this city and
vicinity who desire to enlist in any
branch of the military service will
have an opportunity of doing so here
during the next few weeks as a
branch recruiting station was opened
today in the Catron block. The local
recruiting office is temporarily In
charge of Private Huau, U. S. Army,
who has arrived here from Albuquer
que. Lieutenant W. H. Ball, U. S.
Army, who is detailed in the recruit
ing service and stationed at Albuquer
que, made arrangements for the op
ening of a sub-station here and also
at Las Vegas. An effort was made to
secure quarters In the Federal build
ing in this city but all of the rooms
there are now occupied and so had to
seek elsewhere. The sub-station will
be maintained here as long as re
cruits are forthcoming. Men and
boys desirous of joining the army
must undergo a rigid physical examination.
Crawfordsville, Ind., Oct., 2. Mrs.
Susan E. Wallace, widow of General
Lew Wallace, author of Ben Hur and
once governor of New Mexico, died
last night. She had great literary abil
ity and assisted her husband in his
El Paso, Tex., Oct., 2. News has
reached here of another slide In the
Mexican Central ballast quarries near
Victoria, in which many laborers were
burled alive. Sixteen dead and eleven
fatally Injured have been taken out.
It is known that many others are
buried under tons of earth and rock.
with no hope of being rescued alive.
Advertising pays. Try it and see.

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