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v SCAN ANTA NEW F, JVW MEXKO, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1912. NO. 184 DEPARTED JOYS. AREN'T THESE STUDYING DAYS RIGHT AFTER VACATION MIGHTY HARD WHEN A FELLOW'S MEM ORY IS HAUNTED BY VISIONS LIKE THIS? FALL AND SMITH TO PROBE REVOLUTION TO BOTTOM THEY DECLARE GETTING OUT OF IT All THE TRAFFIC WILL I STAND THEN SOME .W,W-M,..!i-l..lMf.0. '4 I Wl . ME1 INTERESTING FIGURES ON COLFAX COUNTY TAX SYSTEM AS RUN BY THE ST. LOUIS ROCKY MOUNTAIN AND PACIFIC ET. AL. WITH A GLANCE INTO CONDITIONS IN THE COAL CAMPS WHERE FUTURE CITIZENS ARE BEING PRODUCED SOME INSIDE FACTS CONCERNING THE ALBUQUERQUE CONVENTION ALSO THESE FIGURES Are Taken From the Tax Rolls of Col fax County for the Information of the Voters: St. Louis. Rocky Mountain & Pacific Co Yankee Fuel company Kortheastern Coal Co. Raton Water Works . Raton Fuel company , Raton Ice company . . Yankee Fuel company E. D. Shepard & Co. .1290,205.00 . 25,258.00 1,100.00 . 19,226.78 250.00 378.38 . 25,258.80 i 450.00 New Mexico Coal & Min- Ing company Dawson Fuel company Stag Canyon Fuel Co. . Maxwell Land Grant Co, 2,500.00 367,950.00 62,605.00 179,928.00 Total $950,411.96 Of this imposing array, the St. Louis, Rocky Mountain & Pacific com- pany holdings alone are bonded to the Metropolitan Trust company of New York City for the immense sum of $15,000,000, yet under the benifi cient management of the Hon. Charles Springer, Mr. J. H. Van Houten and their attorneys through the grand old regime known as the republican party, the St. Louis, Rocky Mountain & Pa-, cific company, the holding concern, those immense properties are returned for taxation at the pitiful . sum of $290,265.00. The boast is made that in the great kingdom of Colfax county alone, there ia more and better coal than in the great fields of Pennsylvania where that state has-been made an indus trial center ior the .entire United States. Those immense properties pay about one-eighth of the taxes in Col fax county whereas the lesser con cerns and the people who toil, pay the balance. Those immense deposits of coal and those great tracts (t timber stand there awaiting development, while only enough coal is turned out to keep the price at an almost pro hibitive rate. While escaping taxa tion, a small part of the holdings is made to produce "all the traffic will bear" while even the men who toil far "underground, are paid a minimum wage and are forced to purchase even the necessities of life from "company stores." It Is an inspiring sight a sight that causes only the darkest forebodings for the future of this state, to visit the "company homes" of the miners ot Colfax county and see how they live. It is still a more impressive sight to see the children of those miners, their lack of opportunity, their education, their surroundings. The people of the state of New Mexico wondered at the fight made by the Springer contingent on the blue ballot last year and why it was that j their strenuous efforts to defeat it, play of fine words, backed ty an en caused them to lose sight of the head! thusiastlc- outburst" of oratory, . no of their ticket and plunge Holm O. j longer goes. The man who tolls can Bursum to defeat. The governorsnip was the least of their troubles. Through that constitution and through a legislature they could con trol; they hoped to remain secure in their hold upon Colfax county, upon the miners In those camps and upon those children who some, day, like their fathers, will be forced to descend into the shafts and tunnels to dig like rats for the benefit of a few men who control the corporation. In this connection, it should be re- j membered that there are honest cor-1 Washington, D. C, Sept. 16. Amer porations, corporations that would be I ican bluejackets and marines have 4- AiA ttiAV nnt have tn mpt Rllrfl bpPTI called uo hv Mr. Weitzel, in 11UU:BI L" W ' ; Competition. 11 IS noi U1B yuryuBO ui this naoer to attack corporations be cause they are corporations, but it Is the purpose of this paper to try and give the man who works and his chil dren, an even break." It is the inten tion of this paper to see that "pros perity Is passed around" and that "all the traffic will bear" does not come out of the pockets of the toiler nor out of the mouths of little children. It is the intention of this paper to see to it that the youth of this state get the Tight to develop its brain and brawn alongside of children more favored by circumstances. It is the purpose of thU paper to see to it that such cer- noratlons go out of politics in thls ! state or find out exactly why. At Albuquerque last week, it was smirklngly given out that the grand old republican party had had a house cleaning and that it had done the house cleaning itself. A brief look at the facta will show that having used Frank A. Hubbell and Holm O. Bursum to the. llmlt-t-having got out of them ''all the traffic would stand," they nave been swept uafrip find new tnnla Iiuva hppn fnnnri. f ready and anxious to carry on the work of fooling the common people of the state. There was no grief in the passing of Bursum or Hubbell as their brand of politics should have passed long ago. But the house clean ing amounted to simply a subterfuge to re-entrench the same old crowd in the same old party in the same old way. Days before the republican conven tion, Hon. Charles A. Spiess was with Mr. Springer and Mr. Van Houten. He was with other equally strong stand pat leaders of the state. The Albu querque convention was being framed up. ,It was quite cleverly done, but not as cleverly as it might have been since every move and every turn in that frame up is known and was known in advance and will be dealt with as the occasion may demand The Colfax end of the game was Mr. Charles A. Spiess to sit on the lid as the republican national committee man, with Mr. Herbert Clark also of San Miguel county, as state chairman. It was planned that Mr. Clark being now in politics, knowing little or nothing of the political game of the shrewd gentlemen who engineered the deal, would prove an apt tool, that he would not wake up in time to find that he . was being used and that he would In time succeed such mn as H. O. Bursum and Frank A. Hubbell, after he too, had stood "all the traffic would bear." It is always easy to eliminate men no longer useful. This is but I brief sidelight on more that is to come, whereby the men "higher up" in politics in New Mex ico are going to be compelled to play the game clean, with a decent respect for the man who toils or they are go ing to be exposed until the people of i this state will no longer tolerate them in public life. The full inside of the republican convention and Its preliminary frame up are known. It is up to the gentle men who seek to pull off the show, to back up or they are going to be made to back up and the people of this state are going to do it. In keynoting at the Albuquerque convention, it should have been known to Hon. T. B. Catron, our United States senator, that these were the things that the people of this state expected to hear discussed and that to ignore them was a slap in the face to every voter in New Mexico. The man who toils wants to know vhy it costs so much at the grocery store, why his coal bill is so out of proportion to his - weekly wage and why he can't afford to educate his children fully before he puts them to work. The days of the good old statesmen have passed. A great dls- not get to a convention oi me granu old party; he la too busy trying to meet expenses. And the trouDie witn his immediate political boss is that he always neglects to bring home to his voters a copy of a keynote speech together with the "enthusiastic out burst." COLLEGE GIRLS ARE BESIEGED to rescue from famine umaiosua, nniipee full of eirls at Granada. The girls have been isolated for forty days and are facing an empty larder. The college is under French control, and many of its inmates are foreign resi dents. The American minister ap pealed to Admiral Southerland, of the American fleet, to send a rescue party with some of the food supplies sent by the Red Cross from the canal zone. SOLDIER SHOT A POLICEMAN Bisbee, Arizona, Sept. 16. Police- man Aureliano Valle of Naco, Sone ra, was ftally shot last night by Pri vate Brown of Troop G, Fourth Caval ry, which is stationed at Naco, Ariz ona, for patrol duty. The shooting occurred at a dance hall at Naco, So nora, where a dance in celebration of Mexican Independence day was in progress. It -was reported the police man tried to eject several American soldiers who attended the dance, and the shooting followed. Brown was locked up at Cuartel at Naco. : IMPORTANT CASES BEFORE HIGH COURT LITIGATION INVOLVING RAILROADS AND REGULATION OF INTERSTATE COM MERCE AND AMONG MATTERS TO BE DECIDED IN WASHINGTON Washington, D. C, Sept. 16 The United States supreme court will be gin its fall term with the Consideration of many important cases. Already twenty-one cases of unusual consequence have been set for hearing October 14, the opening day. To this list probably will be added the Kansas election case, which involves the right of Roosevelt electors to remain on the republican ticket. The business world is said to be particularly interested in the second argument of the cotton corner case and the inter-mountain rates cases, both assigned for re-argument early in the term. The cotton corner case arises over the validity of indictments against James A. Patton, and others, on a charge of conspiring to corner the mar ket on the New York cotton exchange in 1910 with a ten million dollar profit in view. The court must decide whether "running a corner" is prohib ited by the Sherman anti-trust law. The inter-mountain rate cases in volve the validity of the orders of the interstate commerce commission, lim iting the amount by which rates from eastern cities to inter-mountain cities may exceed rates on the longer haul, to Pacific coast cities. The bath tub trust suit will call for a determination ot the relation of the Sherman anti-trust law to the patent statutes. The government seeks to dissolve on alleged illegal combination of enamel ed iron ware manufacturers. The principal question is whether the pat ent on tools used on a patent article such as a bath tub, may, by a process licensing all others to use the patent ed tool, fix the prices, and terms un der which the tub may be sold at holesale and retail, regardless of the Sherman law. The rate ecase, indirect basis of one of the charges in the impeachment of Archbald of the com merce court, will attract attention be cause it involves the power of the com merce court to weigh evidence pre sented to the interstate commerce com mission. Litigation involving the jurisdict; r. of the interstate commerce commis- (Continued on page eight.) THE ETHICAL Once there was a potato bug. In many respects, he was just like other potato bugs. That is, he was just as destructive as other bugs, but, unlike the rest, he felt the need of an ethical justification of his parasitical position. He believed that somewhere an an swer could be found to the charge that potato plants would be better off if it were not for him and his fellows. ' Although he wail a potato bug of parts! although he could destroy more plants in a given length of time than any other bug fn the community, his powers of reasoning had been neg lected and accordingly he hired a pro fessor of political economy from the local bug college to make out his case for him. The professor of political economy pocketed the fee and tackled the job. The potato bug was happy when, some days later, he received the following' report: "The potato bug ia a great blessing. Were It not for him, potato plants MARSHALL IS AFTER T. R. HE SAYS - i HE HAS NO USE FOR METHODS BE ING EMPLOYED IN KANSAS IN INTERESTS OF ROUGH RIDER Kansas City, Kas., Sept. 16. "Never has the bl-y'k flag of con spiracy floated above -the political seas as now, never was it assaulted with so much honor," declared Governor T. R. Marshal, democratic nominee for vice president, in a speech here to day. "In all my political career I have never asked anybody to vote for me; I do not propose to do so now. I am unfit for public office if my personal preferment is more potent than the triumph of the cause I advocate. He i'i not a good soldier who is not will ing to sacrifice himself in an effort to save his party standard. My person ality is of Blight moment to the vot ers of this country unless they believe in my party platform, and in my in tent, if elected, to help to carry out its pledges. I have no quarrel with the man who disagrees with me with reference to the democratic platform. He may be right, much as I doubt it. "This principal is vital: That every man in Aemirca has the right to run for office and to vote for whomsoever he chooses. "When matters of great pith and moment are involved, a party is not dealing honestly with the voters un less it declares its principles and pledges its candidates to maintain them. A vote obtained through dis simulation is wrongfully obtained. "Could anything be more piratical than the open boast of the Roosevelt men that they kept still and waited until the Maine election had been carried before declaring their princi ples? Every regular republican vote nhtained in this way in the State of Maine was fully as dishonest as the , votes in the Chicago convention that j nominated Taft. "A party that opens its political meetings with prayer and sings "On ward, Christian Soldiers" and claims to be the embodiment of pure politics (Continued on Page Five.) POTATO BUG. would crow wild, and the earth would soon couUiu wore potatoes Uwu could , be dug, which would be a great pity, j as the price would then quickly fall i to a point where it would be unproflt able to cultivate them. Furthermore, potato bugs are necessary to the proper development of the plants, for, without the bugg, the plants would lack the proper incentive to put forth their best efforts, and others besides the fittest would survive, thus nulli fying the law of evolution. Of course, if we could change the nature of the plants, Potato bugs might be dispens ed with, but we are confronted by a condition, not a theory. "We, therefore, who have given our lives to the study of this question, cannot but deplore the pernicious ac tivity of such reformers as advocate the extensive use of Paris Green and other noxious exterminants. For proof of these statements and conclusions, we refer the reader to almost any old chapter In the republican platform." DON'T STAND STILL SAYS THE COLONEL HE SPEAKS TO BIG CROWD IN CAL IFORNIA AND MAKES DIRECT APPEAL TO WOMEN OF THAT STATE TO AID IN FIGHT Santa Barbara, Calif., Sept. 16. "Don't stand still," Colonel Roosevelt said to the crowd which met him in Santa Barbara today. "This is no time to hold back. Take a decided position in this fight. If you are with us, come out squarely for us. That is the way to be really progres sive." "California has taken the lead in this fight," continued Col. Roosevelt. "If you will read the progressive plat form 'you will see that it is much like the record of achievements of Gov. Hiram Johnson in this state. I want to see California hold its place in the lead." Col. Roosevelt appealed especially to the women in his Santa Barbara speech. "Women have suffered enough in justice in the past," he said, "so that we ought to be able to count upon them for help In the present. Wher ever there are social or industrial in justice which we are trying to do away with, we feel that we have a peculiar right to appeal to the women to support us." Col. Roosevelt said that neither the democratic nor the republican plat forms offered a solution of the great questions of the day. "The progressive platform," he con tinued, "is a contract with the people. If any progressive candidate fails to keep the promises in the platform or those which he makes on the stu i, I'll take the stump against him my self." GUNNERS MATE DIES A HERO i Chicago, 111., Sept. 16. Three more bodies were recovered from lake Mich igan, near lake Bluff today, bringing up to eight the list of known dead in tne accident yesterday, when a 36 foot cutter, containing 24 recruits of the U. S. naval training station, overturned while the party was out sailing. Three other members of the party still are missing. Searching crews dragged the lake for other bodies. In cluded In the bodies recovered today was that of Chief Gunners' Mate W. B. Neguis, who died while he loyally tried to save his companions. When the boat overturned Neguis grabbed two of the recruits and start ed for shore. He rescued one of them and went Dack lnto the water to assist I otners in aii 14 men either swam to snore or were rescued and Neguis sav- ed nearly every one of them. He was distracted with grief be cause he was In charge of the boat. CHINESE ARE IN TROUBLE Hong Kong, Sept. 16. Serious un rest prevails in the Canton district Chinese notes have deprecated in value and brigandage is rife. The Chinese officials are apprehen sive and in spite of the presence of Douglas lookipg. after the Soiiora ref ops in Canton they telegraph- ugeeB thereAVv- 36,000 troops ed today to Dr. Sun Yat Sen the for mer provisional president of China, who is now in Peking where he went to consult with Yuan Shi Kai, the re publican president, concerning the fu ture policy of the government to has ten the departure south. ITHEY ARE TRYING TO FIND WHETHER AMERICAN CAPITAL FROM OIL, FRUIT, MINING AND CATTLE FINANCE EITHER MADERO OR EXPOSE ANYONE CAUGHT MANY ARE ASKED TO COME AND GIVE TESTIMONY IN LOS ANGELES Los Angeles, Calif., Sept. Unit ed States Senator William Alden Smith, of Michigan, and Senator A. U. I Fall, of New Mexico, began here to j day their inquiry into rumors and re I ports that American interests, some of I them prominent in development work I in California, have been financing and fostering the present revolution ! in Mexico. Senator Smith said that while he was not prepared to make a j statement, his inquiry last w eek at j El Paso had shown an apparent lack J of firmness and decision on the part of the United States department in dealing with Mexico's "'inability to pro tect American citizens. "We are going to the bottom of the Mexican situation," said Senator Smith. "We will probe every angle, and if Americans have been partici pating, we will show their relations with the revolutionists, no matter whom it may involve." A score or more of persons will be asked to appear at the hearing. Among them are men, it is said, who are prominent in oil, land, mining and cattle operations in California, Mexico and Lower California. El Paso, Texas, Sept. 16. Fighting has ceased at Ojinaga, taksn yesterday morning by federals, and it is believed at Presidio. Texas, opposite on the border, that the rebels retreated into the hills to the south during last night. The rebels made a last stand at San Francisco, a suburb of Ojinaga to the south. According to advices received by General E. Z. Steever at Fort Bliss, today from United States army officers at Presidio, the 350 fed erals taking Ojinaga yesterday, cap tured seventeen rebels whp are held prisoners. The federal loss in the fight is given as "slight," neither are defi nite figures of killed and wounded reb els available on the American side. Agents of the department of state and justice have left El Paso for Presidio where United States troops are hold ing Colonel Pascual Orozco, Sr.; father of the rebel commander of the same name.. Colonel Orozco, who was cap tured together with Colonel Pablo Orozco, a distant relative of the family when they crossed the line to the American side Saturday evening, prob ably will be brought to El Paso where some charge will be entered in the federal court. American secret serv ice men are searching for General Pascual Orozco, Jr., who is believed to have crossed the line together with his father but escaped through the cordqn of United States troops. Enrique C. Llorente, Mexican consul at El Paso, has received a report from his secret men at Presidio, that the rebel commander-in-chief, attempted to cross into the United States with a dozen followers late Saturday, but was known to have failed in his first attempt. Trains bearing the thirteenth cav alry from Fort Riley, Kansas, are ar riving at Fort Bliss today and before night the entire regiment will have Ined. The additional troops will be distributed by General Steever along the Texas and New Mexico bor- j ders. i Juarez, Mex., Sept. 16. Celebration j of the "Mexican day of independence is nasslne ouietly here today. A review of the troops in Juarez will be held late today. Federal troops stationed here are doing police duty in the streets to prevent the predicted disorders. I Marfa. Texas, Sept. 16. General I Pascual Orozco, Jr., Is reported to have been among the fleeing rebels who crossed into Texas yesterday after the federals had captured Ojinaga. It has been impossible here to se cure either confirmation or denial of this report. United States troops started after the bands of which Oroz- ' "" to be a "u"1?? " Pascual Orozco. Sr.. the leaders father, crossed directly into Presidio with 12 companions, and all of this party were at once placed under sur veillance by United States authorities. El Paso, Texas, Sept. 16. kdwara Haymore. a resident of Colonla More los in the State of Sonora, Arizona, is missing, together with six horses and a wagon load of provisions which he was bringing out of Morelos to the border .according, to a telegram re- reived vesterday afternoon at re-; fugee headquarters In El Paso from j0hn D. Spreckles faction. Junius Romney, president of all tneENGLE RESCUED FROM colonies in Mexico who is now ai It is understood that Haymore af- ter bringing his family to the safety of the United States, went back to half mli eoff 8hore. Tugs rescued Morelos for provisions that had been j nim atter a struggle which was view itft behind. It Is thoght that hejed Dy hundreds from the shore. He started a second time from Moreios for Douglas with his provisions and CORPORATIONS WAS EMPLOYED TO 0R0ZC0 AND DECLARE THEY WILL horses last Tuesday or Wednesday. When last heard from he was within thirty-five miles of Douglas. Since then nothing has been heard of him and fears are felt that he has been captured by some of "General" Inez Salazar's command, reported to be making its way toward the El Tigre mine, thirty-five miles southwest of Morelos. The probable route taken by the Red Flaggers under Salazar, with El Tigre as their objective point, would cross the wagon road from the So nora colonies to Douglas and it 'was this road that Haymore traveled. According to reports received yes terday at headquarters in El Paso from Douglas, Salazer is east of Morelos and within a day's march of the settlement. Only a few men re main in the colony and no women or children. The latter have been safe at Douglas for many days. Morelos was looted, it is said, some . days ago by a Red Flag raiding band under Rafael Campa. Salazar will probably pass through Morelos on his way to El Tigre, and colony lead- crs in El Paso and Douglas are dreading another looting affair. It was said yesterday that the general store at the colony contained $29,000 worth of merchandise before it was looted by Campa's band, the extent of whose depredations are not known. It is believed that many thousands of dolla-a worth of goods are still In the store, but whether they will be there after Salazar's passage through the town is doubted by the colonists. Douglas, Ariz., Sept. 16. Fourteen automobiles , left Douglas this after noon for a point about 30 ihlles south li, Sonora to meet a party of 65 Am erican refugees from Nacozarl which is threatened by the combined rebel . forces of Salazar and Rojas. Most . of th erefugees are women and chil dren comprising the families of all the Americans in the town. They left Nacozari on a special train at 2 o'clock this afternoon, and will be met by the automobiles at the point where rail communication was stop ped by the burning of bridges. No word has been received from El Tigre since late last night, but it is thought that the main body of the rebels who took that town Saturday are on their way to join the insurrectos under Ro jas. Et Paso, Texas, Sept. 16. A spec ial to the Herald says: "When the rebels captured El Tigre they arrest ed and are holding Superintendent L. . R Budow and Assistant Superintend ent Missler and H. L. Mix, manager of the store until the $100,000 ran som was paid. They threatened to confiscate the bullion that had been accumulating for several weeks owing to lack of railroad facilities. Grave fears are entertained for the safety of Americans in El Tigre, in cluding six women. COUNT NOgT LEFT BODY TO THE SURGEONS Tokio, Sept. 16. The will of Gener al Count Maresuke Nogi, who, with his wife, committed suicide the mo ment the body of the late emperor started on its journey to the tomb, was published today In it he sug gests that his body be given to a med ical college requesting only his teeth, hair and nails be buried in the grave. The will says that the general fol lows the emperor because his ser vices are no longer required in this world. The document bears the date of the night of September 12, twenty-four hours before he took his life, and it Indicates that the death of the count ess had not been decided upon when the instrument was prepared. ANYTHING TO BEAT ROOSEVELT. San Francisco, Sept. 16. As a re sult of the factional row that split the Taft faction in California, the San Francisco Call, leading republican paper, In an editorial urges all repub licans to vote for Woodrow Wilson and "put an end to Roosevelt politi cally." The Call Is the mouthpiece of the : LAKE AFTER ACCIDENT. Chicago, Sept. 16. Albert J. Engle of Cleveland. Ohio, was rescued from t oUe Mlrhltran this afternoon when , nl8 hydroplane was wrecked nearly was a participant in the aviation meet in progress here.