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The Daily Hew Mexican
By NEW MEXICAN PRINTING CO. 4FEuteretl as Second Class matter at tlie Simla Fe Pout Office. RATES of sunscKirnox. Daily, per weok, by carrier. Dallv. Mr month, bv carrier Daily, per mouth, by mail 1 Dally, three month, by mail - Daily, six months, by mail 5 Daily, one year, by mail ID Weekly, per mouth Weekly, per quarter Weeekly, per sis mouthi 1 Weekly, per year 2 ADVEKTIS1NG KATES. SPACE . 1 Inch 2 Inch 8 Inch 2 ' S 3 0 M 50$ 00 1 luch 6 Inch 6 Inch 7 luch 3 Inch 3 9 Inch 3 10 In . 4 H Co1 i4 12 In .5 13 In 14 In 10 In lti In 17 In 18 In 1 lu '20 In..7 21 In. 8 1 Col. 8 7&I 4 00 SO 00 ilO; oo: 2fl Ml 7al 00 25 9 U10 00 11 00 12 00 9 N) 4 00 4 M 5 oo a SO: 6 76 1 6 2ft: 7 00, 8 SO 8 00 9 SO 10 00 10 SO 11 001 12 00 u 00 H 00 1 50 I I 7S 001 2 25 i.01 2 75 OO1 8 25 SOi 4 00 OOi 4 SO SO 5 00 OOi 5 M. 0 SO' 6 OOi 6 '26; 7 00 7 SO1 7 2d 8 OOi 7 76 8 00 9 00 9 60: SO 10 00 10 00 11 00 11 00 12 ; 12 oo v.t 00 12 SO 13 00 13 SO 15 00' 15 00 16 00 16 OO 17 SO. 00 50 00 50 60 00 60 00 50 60 00 SO 9 iiO 10 110; 10 00 U 00: 12 00 13 60114 001 10 00 17 59 19 H 76 7. 2 i 3 00 6 60 7 60 10 00 12 60 15 00 17 60 20 00 22 0O 24 00 26 00 28 00 60 30 00 50 32 00 OO 34 00 00 :l(i OO 00 38 00 OO 40 00 CO 12 00 00 14 00 00 IS 00 50 4S 00 Insertions in "Round About Town'' column 2) cents a line, each insertion, Preferred locals 10 cents per line first insertion and 6 cents per line each subsequent insertion. Legal advertising H per Inch per day fur first six insertions, 75 cents per inch per day fornext six insertions, 50 cents per day for subsequent insertions. All contracts aud bills for advertising payable monthly. AU communications Intended for pnblieatiou mnst be accompanied by the writer's name and address not for publication bnt as au evidence of good faith, and should be addressed to the editor. Letters pertaining to busiuess should be addressed to Kbw Mexican Printing Co. Bauta Fe, New Mexico. "The New Mexican is the oldest news paper in New Mexico. It is sent to every Post Office in the Territory and has a large and grow- I ag circulation among the intelligent aud pro gressive people oi tne sontnwesi. THURSDAY, JULY 10. Constitutional Convention Call. Lor Li'nas, N. M., ) June, 15, 1890.) In pursuance of the authority conferred by a resolution of the constitutional con vention assembled in Santa Fe, N. M., in September, 188!), I hereby call a meeting of said convention to be held at the terri torial capital in Santa Fe, N. M., on the 18th day of August, 1S!)0, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon. J. Francisco Chavez, President of the Const'al. Con. LU'ring the Democratic administration, from 1885 to 1889, the expenses of the territorial prison amounted to $52,000 per annum. During the first year under a Republican regime, from March 4, 1889. to March 4, 1890, the expenses, with the same number of prisoners, were $23,000. It is plain to any person who can read and understand that the management under the Democratic administration was dishonest, and the management under a Republican administration is honest. That is all. Ross boodle administration of the terri torial penitentiary there was received from the labor of convicts and the feeding of United States prisoners the sum of $7,500. During the first twelve months of the present Republican administration from March 4 1889, to March 4 1890, (there being about the same number of prisoners in the institution year per year, from 1885 to 1890) there was received the amount of $8,000, from the same source. Facts are facts and these facts mean that the present administration of the terri torial prison is honest and economical and efficient, and that the Democratic administration under ex-Gov. Ross was dishonest, extravagant and inefficient. The people of New Mexico must not forget that under the Ross boodle admin istration, from 1885 to 1889, when this territory was cursed with corrupt judges and dishonest federal and territorial court officials, the cost of running the courts was $160,000 per year ; the people must not forget that, owing to wise and bene ftcial legislation passed by a Republican legislature over the veto of that boodle governor, put into office by Grover Cleve land, and owing to a jusi and honest ad ministration of the courts, the entire ex pense of their administration for the first twelve months of the present Republican regime, amounted to only $00,000, in irhich sum there is included an estimate oi it deficiency in the pay of jurors, etc., of about $10,000; this means that under the Democratic administration the people of New Mexico were systematically and constantly robbed by corrupt judges and dishonest court officials. Sn. eh is all right. The while metal Is steadily forcing ahead. FiNKsr summer climate on the conti nent. Come and enjoy it. Tiik railway mail service throughout New Mexico ought to be improved. Burn England and France are greatly alarmed at the prospects for the passage of tho McKinley tariff bill. There must be, then, something mighty good in it, for people of the United States. It seems pretty well established, that the more a person or a paper prates and howls about the constitution framed for the state of ew Mexico last September, the less they know about it. They simply like to hear themselves talk. The fee system for county officials and for court officials must go. Trovide just and fair salaries for these officers and stop the fee system. This will redound to the benefit of the people and of the treasuries of the several counties and the territory. Tub mineral resources of New Mexico are simply immense. All they need is capital, nerve and energy for their devel opment. Within ten years New Mexico will be classed amongst the largest bullion producing sections of the known world. In unity there is strength. Organize Republican clubs and that at once all over this broad territory. The movement for the organization of such clubs is pro gressing favorably, but more can be done and ought to be done. Again, in organi zation and unity there is strength. C.u.iroRNiA has completely eclipsed Kentucky in the production of race horses. To California belongs the honor of having bred every one of the fastest trotting and running horses on earth to-day, with the single exception of Maud S, and before another year her record is almost cer tain to be broken by Sunolor Palo Alto. Cosnectici't, too, is unhappy over the census returns. There has been such a faling off of population in that state, espe cially in the agricultural districts that the loss of a congressman is probable. Thoso wooden nutmeg fellows who escaped are prAbably out west farming by irrigation so at least all things are even after all. As predicted two weeks ago, all is not smooth sailing for Major Powell's arid land fake in the senate committee on irri gation. It now begins to look as though the appropriation to run his so called irrigation bureau will either be still further cut down or chopped out entirely. The west would be better off if the loca tion of reservoir sites were taken out of Powell's hands. Representative Perkins' bill may be all right, and it may not be all right. Give us statehood and we will attend to the ed ucational question. Give us what we are EM vv'ffercl.Miiiflg'to tffi'S all possible federal aid for our schools, or in fact anything else the federal govern ment will give us, but we want statehood, first, last and all the time, and we will get then what we desire, and that in a hurry. Major Gen. Slocum, of Brooklyn, de nounces the dependent pension bill, and is opposed to pensions generally. The general is a very rich man, aiid a Demo crat. He needs no pension, hence being rich and comfortably situated, of course, he does not care how much the old soldiers suffer, or how much they need pensions ; besides most of them vote the Republican ticket and that is enough reason, in Gen. Scolum's eyes, why they should not receive pensions ! The Republicans of this territory will support the nominee, be he who he may, and what is more, they will elect him. The last election was stolen bodily by the Democratic leaders. But this time Dem ocratic rulfians and bulldozers, with com missioners as deputy United States mar shals, will not interfere, and Democratic bulldozing at the polls will not take place. There are no corrupt Democratic judges on the bench this coming election to up hold and shield such performances. Just remember this. There are no politics beyond the grave ; at least so they believe in Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina, and hence they shoot and kill negroes for being Republicans. The confederate brigadiers talk of resist ing the federal election bill, should it pass aud become a law. Let them resist ; H they must have another lesson, why the sooner they get it, the better. It matters not what they say or how much they howl; every man entitled to vote under the law, must 1)6 allowed to vote and must have his vote counted honestly and justly. It matters not, whether he is white or black ; the sooner the confederate brigadiers and the southern newspapers understand this, the better for them. The election bill ought to be passed by the senate and that speedily. fereuce with the reclamation of arid lands. It says : "In the opinion of tiie intelligent men of the arid region who have given this subject thought, congress will go too far, if it attempts to legislate in regard to the distribution of water and appropriates money for the construction of irrigation work. As for the laws governing the distribution of water, they should be left entirely to the domestic legislation of the states. As for the construction of irri gation works, it should be left either to the states or to private enterprise. Certainly. The state and territorial governments, aided by capital secured through the issuance of bonds, or by "private capital," if you please, can best attend to this work. Major Powell can never do it, nor can his apt pupil, Rich ard J . Hinton, under the patronage of tlie national government. Such an idea was never contemplated by the western people; it originated in the lobby at Washington, and has been nurtured there till at last it is about to fasten it self with a death grip upon the central west. Congress must be made to realize that the interests at stake are very great. Al ready the press has done much toward awakening that body, but it must do more. There is now no danger that congress will at this session place any very large sum at the disposal of Powell. It certain ly will not provide any method for the expenditure of national funds in the con struction of reservoirs. But before the next session the western people will have a double task to accomplish. They must not only bring congress to a position where it will drop for all time the Powell idea of building reservoirs with national funds, but they must point out the bene fits to result from congress giving the pub lic lands to tlie states aud territories, that they may themselves carry out their own irrigation enterprises regardless of all national control, save that which is now guaranteed under the constitution. This is a local, not a national question. WHY THEY OPPOSE THE LAND 00URT BILL, WTe do not see why Senator Reagan, of Texas, and Morgan, ot Alabama voted against the bill to establish a court for the settlement of land claims in iNew Mexico and Arizona. Not excepting the question of statehood, there is no matter ot greater moment to iNew Mexico man that of providing a speedy way for the settlement of disputed land grants. The uncertain condition ot tlie land titles in that territory is the most serious draw back to its development. The people of New Mexico have urged upon congress the duty of providing a court for the dis position of land grant cases; and so important is the matter that the republic of Mexico called the attention of our state department to the failure of the United States to comply with the treaty by which our government agreed to pro tect the citizens ot Mexico in tiieir owner ship of laud grants in the territory ceded by the Mexican government to the Unit ed States. -Denver republican. Senators Morgan and Reagan oppose the land court bill for no other reasons than to prevent the Republicans from they are against increasing the patronage of a Republican president. The Demo cratic bosses and ringsters out here, ex- Gov. Ross et al., have represented to them that the passage of the bill for the settlement of land claims under and by a Republican administration would be taken advantage of by the Republicans out hero, who would make political capital out of it and gain votes. The Democratic bosses and ringsters of the Gov. Ross stripe, having no interest out here except the one of keeping up a political row, have induced the Democratic senators named to take the stand of opposition to the bill. It matters not how necessary the passage of the bill is to our people ; it matters not that in common justice and fairness and in compliance with treaty obligations the bill ought to be passed. They care not for the fact that the prosperity and ad vancement of our people have been retard ed and are being kept back by the chaotic condition of our land titles. Political ad vantage is what they want, and "blank" the interests of New Mexico. I fence their opposition. A LOCAL QUESTION, The New Mexican is gratified' to ob serve that the Denver Republican is all right on the subject of national inter- The Liliel Law. To tho Kditor of tho New Mexicau. Las Vegas, N. M., July 8, 1890. I see that some of the territorial papers are de manding a repeal of the libel law. That law is one of the most salutary laws to be found within our statutes. It affects no right except the pretended right of those who wish to be at liberty to slan der some one unjustly. The law does not prevent a fair and candid criticism of the official conduct of public officers, or those in a public capaci ty, nor of those running for office, nor of individuals generally, provided the truth be told. But it does take from the press an unbridled license to lie about indivi duals and slander them with malicious intent. No honest editor wants to lie about his neighbor, and no dishonest one should be permitted to do so without in curring the just penalty of the law. The newspaper men of this territory, so far as I know, as a rule, are honorable and fair minded, and will treat those who are not running newspapers with decency, but thero are a set of so-called newspaper men who are f'ieeedingly ubjost. It was for the benefit of this latter class that the Libel law was brought to life. ine press is a potent power lor both good aud evil. It should be encouraged for the good, but condemned for the evil it does. As we favor free speech, we also favor the freedom of the press, the freedom of honorable motives', not the freedom of as sassinating the character. There is a dif ference, a very w ide difference between the freedom of decont criticism and the license of an indecent slander. The lib erty of speech gives no one the right to speak a falsehood with intent to injure a man's private reputation or his business. The people are entitled to more protection, as well as newspapers. A drunken irresponsible editor, simply because he has charge of a paper has no right to in vade the precints of a happy home, and destroy the harmony of a man's family. When we speak of free speech or an un shackled press, the term has a qualified meaning. if the cause had not existed for the en actment of the present libel law, it would never have been thought of. The bush whacking element of the press In this territory is responsible for its existence, and in the eternal fitness of things, that is tlie only element that feels its vigorous touch. Law is made to check abuses. It is made to restrain the malicious. It is made to protect the innocent from the assaults of the evil minded. If all men were hon est and mindful of the rights and happi ness of each other, vigorous laws would not be needed. It has been no uncom mon thing for some penny-a-liner in this territory to assault some person in his paper, and then others of his kind to give the slander space in their papers, not knowing nor perhaps caring whether the article was true or false. It reminds one of a lot of pups barking at the heels of some passer-by because some other dog has made the first bark. Everybody ad mires honest journalism. It is a more powerful factor in the body politic, than railroads, steam and electricity combined. On the other hand all honest men detest the prostitution of journalism to base pur poses. A high toned newspaper comes to us like the sweet face of a virtuous woman. A newspaper of low morals fills the soul w ith disgust and causes us to turn from it, as we would from the lewd conduct of a drunken harlot. Verity. Job Printing. Merchants and others are hereby re mind that the New Mexican is pre pared to do their printing on short notice and at reasonable rates. Much of the job printing now going out of town should come to the New Mexican office. There in no better excuse for sending out of town for printing than there is for sending away for groceries or clothing. Our mer chants should consider these things. The New Mexican is acknowledged the lead ing paper of this section. The patronage of the people will enable us to keep it so SOL. SPIEGELBERG F The old reliable merchant ot Santa K, baa added largely le hit stock of GENTS' RIG GOODS And those In need of any article In hl lln. r"H tn well to eall on him ON SAN FRANCISCO STREET PK0FESSI0NAL CARDS. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. JOHN P. VIOTOKY, Attorney at Law. Office In Couiity Court House. win practice in tuo several uoarts ot the Tor ritory aud the U. t). Land Oilice at Santo Fe. Examination of titles to Spanish aud Mexicau Grants, Minus, aud other realty, careiuliy aud promptly attended to. Patents for Mines se cured. , GEO. C. PRESTON, Attorney at Law. Prompt and careful attention given to all busiucssi ntrusted to him. Will practice in an courts ol the territory. KALI'H K. TWITCUBLL, Attorney at Law Spiegelberg block, Santa Fe, new Mexico. MAX FKOST, Attorney at Law, Santa Fe, New Mexico. GEO. W. KKAEBEL, Office in the Sena Building, Palace Aveune. uouecnons ana searenuig Titles a specialty. EDWARD L. BARTXETT, Lawyer, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Office over Second National Bank. HENRY L.. WALDO, Attorney at Law. Will uractice In the several courts of the territory. Prompt attention given i.u an Dusmess intrustea 10 ms care. T, F. COKWAY. 8. O. FOSEY. W. A. HAWKINS. CONWAY, POSEY ft HAWKINS, Attorneys ind Counselors at Law. Silver flltv New Mexico. Prompt attention given to all busiuess intrusted to ear care. Practice In all the courts of the territory. E. A. FISKK, Attorney and Counselor at Law, P. O. Box "P." Santa Fe. N. M.. nrfUitlnes in snnrnmA and all district courts of New Mexico. Special at tcntlou given to mining and Spanish andMex- lcau land grant litigation. T. 8. CATRON. J. H. KNABBIL. W. W. CLANCY, CATRON, KNAEBKL ft CLANCY, Attorneys at Law and Solicitors in Chancery, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Practice in all the Courts in tho Territory. One of the firm will be at all times in Santa Fe. REAL ESTATE AGENTS AND SUR VEYORS. WILLIAM WHITE, U. S. Deputy Surveyor and TJ. 8, Deputy Mineral surveyor. Locations marie nnnn nuhlln lands. Furnishes information rp.latlva n Hnanish and Mexican laud grants. Offices In Kirschner Block, second floor, Sauta Fe. N. M D. W. MANLEY, DENTIST. Over CM. Creamer'! Dur Store. OFFICE HOURS, - - 9 to 18, to SIMOIM F5M2ER Contractor & .Mir. Cabinet Making until kil mid repair ing done promptly and iu a Iii-hI class man ner; filing and repli'tiig saws. Shop, four doors licinw Srlmepple's, uit 'l-'riseo Street JNO. HAMPEL, fin, Tar and Grave PLUMBING M CAS FITIIHG, Lowest prices and Brst cl work. LOWER 'FRISCO ST., NAM' K N. M F J. W. OLINGEIi. Undertaker-:-and-:-EmbalmeK Cor. Water and Oon Guar Sts., EffiMIMilJT Lands! UNDER IRRIGATING DITCHES. Choice Mountain Valley and Lands near (lie Fool Hill: IFOIR, SALE. El Boletiii Popular! A Spanish Weekly Paper published at Santa Fe, N. SI. LEADING SPANISH PAPER OF THE fEfliiOit, SUBSCRIPTION RATKH: One Year.ft.3. i Hon., I1.HO, 3 moi .ai Marble and Granite MONUMENTS Of k Mast Artistic Designs AT LOWEST POSSIBLE RATES. AT OLINGER'S UNDERTAKING HOUSE. ObSL w pivl R.1- - j , " ' 4 - X I Lr T"" '. j, ..iXSy A. .feiKiil Work, V?P I and CG ANTONIO WINDSOR. CLOSE FIGURING! MODERN METHODS! SKILLED MECHANICS! Plans and Specifications famished on ap plication. Correspondence solicited. office, Qanta Fa N ID Lower Frisco Street. OdlUd ro ! IB. A Box of Safety Matches Free with Vfe trrttMon of the prairie, and fallen between Raton and BprtaMf M hundred miles of large irrigating canals hare been baatTfi ? hi ir of construction, with wator for 75,000 acres of lttuL XboM UmU with perpetual water right will be Bold cheap and en tae tm ens J teu annual payments, with 7 per cent interest In addition to the above there are 1,400,000 acres of Uml let ue, eorisUting mainly of agricultural land. The climate ii unsurpassed, and alfalfa, grain aid frntt of al ktj grow to perfection and in abundance. The A., T. 4 8. F. railroad and the D., T. k Fort Worth raflrosi Thoo wishing to view the andfl can eecim Bpeckl ratal om fh Mill Md Will Via u m vaknU a1an AM - it tit 1 u i u Warranty Deeds Given. or hill partial apply to The Maxwell Land Grant Co NEW JvTBXIIOO THE PELTON WATER WHEEL Gives the highest efficiency of any wheel In the world, The Greatest mechanical Achievement of Modern Times. More Than TOO In Use in All Farts of the World. Good for any head above 20 fee and adapted to every variety of service. PELTON WATER MOTORS. Varying from the fraction of one np to 12 and IS horse power. Inclosed in Iron cases and ready for pipe con nections. tJneqnaled for all kinds of light running machinery. Warranted to develop a elven amonnt of power with one-half the water reanlred bv anv other. Send for circulars. Address The Pelton Water Wheel Co 121 and 123 Main St., San Francisco, Cal. FISCHER BREWING CO. MAMVrAOTlTRKBS OT Strictly Pure Lager Beer! and the FINEST MINERAL WATERS. (TraJs&rkJ WALKER (BOOT If J. C. SCHUMANN, Boots, Shoes, taaib and Findings Keeps on haus a fall assortment of Ladles' aaa Children's Fine Shoes; also the Modism and Ike Cheap grades. I would call especial attention It my CalfiiidLln-M Kip WALKER Boot, a bee for men who do heavy work and seed a nit tmt serviceable apper leather, with heavy, mbataa tial, triple soles and standard screw fastest Orders by mail promptly attended to. P. 0. Box 143, Santa Fe, N. M Book publishing Every description of Book and Pamphlet work promptly and neatly exeeated. Estimates tarnished on application. If yen have manuscript write to Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the NEW M1XICAH PRHfTmS CO The -:- San -:- Felipe ALBUQUERQUE, N. M. TLe Leading Hotel in New Mexico. W MANAGEMENT. REFITTED AND KBMJRMISHEb. STRICTLY TIXST CLASS. TOURISTS' HEADQS aKTMi Hotel Coach and Carriages in Waiting at All Traim, SPECIAL ACCOMMODATIONS FOR FAMILIES AMD LARGE PARTIES. TERMS! $2.50 to $3.00 per day. Q, W. MEYLERT PrODI JLi asJLaJLai MTi B THE GREAT 1000 Miles Nearer all 1ST JL LT of NEW ME: astern Markets than California. r BE The canal system f tlie PECOS I Kit I CATION AND IMPROVEMENT COMPANY covers 300,000 acres of MAGNIFICENT LAND lu this MATCHLESS LOCALITY entcrable at the Government price, of S1.25 ONE DOLLAR AND TWENTY-FIVE CENTS PER ACRE! Tho land is all PUBLIC DOMAIN and JSir "alC:C!f '1' TT" "ierl. 8le' fac a llme-stone region TTNTSITKPASSl'.n INT slumnneKH! no malaria: no coiisil'iiiitioii ! on the same land being cut in the Autuwu. Eitl-r under .m Desert Act, Timber Culture. Pre-emption or lloiuestca'l Laws. ,..v..o , j ... .mU, vui.iTOiiuu iiiiwj. V11U au ailliuue or n-r-t nl,nv uau. ImvaI. It lias V UlilMAlB WXlF.Tr 1TTTT IV WITA r.u svn UKArirtrvt r PUKE, nd ABUNDANT wATER; .o 1 here produces five cutting of alfalf.t the ,cr. and two crops of tfrainS wheat, oats and barley belnir harvested in June and en Z ,Zfl x oi .uituer pa.t.cuiars, address, ' THE IPECOS IRRIGATION AND IMPROVEMENT COMPANY," Eddy, Eddy County, New Mexico.