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The Daily fe Mexican
By NEW MEXICAN PRINTING CO. aJP"Kuteri'd hs Second Wa.s mutter at the Santa Fe Post Office. RATKS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Dally, per week, by carrier f -'5 Daily, per month, by carrier . . . 1 oo Daily, per mouth, by mail 1 00 Dally, three month, by mail. . 2 SO Dally, six mouths, by mail .: 00 DaiW, one year, by mail 10 00 Weekly, per quarter ".' Weweklv. per six mouth 1 2o Weeh iy, per vpht. . '2 W SATURDAY, AUGUST 9. rado wnH pnor old Father Meeker, who was murdered by the Utes, his body lior ri'jly mutilated and dragged around the agency grounds by a chain around his j neck. Since that time Tribune 'iliilan j tliropy toward the Utes is just as great, I but it is exercised at long ranpe." Constitutional Convention Call. 1a8 Lisas, N. M., June, 15, 1890. In pursuance of the authority conferred by a resolution of the constitutional con vention assembled in Santa Fe, N. M., in September, 18SK, I hereby call a meeting of said convention to be held at the terri torial capitol in Kauta Fe, N M., on the 18th day of August, 18H0, at 10 o'clock iu the forenoon. J. Fr.anciscoChavkz, l'resident of the Const'al. Con. Di'kinq the Democratic administration, from 1885 to 1889, the expenses of the territorial prison amounted to $52,000 per annum. During the first year under a Republican regime, from March 4, 1889, to March 4, 1890, the expenses, with the same number of prisoners, were $29,000. It is plain to any person who can read and understand that the management under the Democratic administration was dishonest, and the management under a Republican administration is honest. That is all. During three and a halt years of the Robs boodle administration of the terri torial penitentiary there was received from the labor of convicts and the feeding of United States prisoners the sum of $7,500. During the first twelve months of the present Republican adtninistration from March 4 1889, to March 4 1390, (there being about the same number of prisoners in the institution year per year, from 1885 to 1890) there was received the amount of $8,000, from the same source. Facts ar- facts and these facts mean that the present administration of the terri torial prison is honest and economical and efficient, and that the Democratic administration under ex-Gov. Ross was dishonest, extravagant and inefficient. Thb people of New Mexico must not forget that under the Ross boodle admin istration, from 1885 to 1889, when this territory was cursed with corrupt judges and dishonest federal and territorial court officials, the cost of running the courts was $1GO,000 per year; the people must not forget that, owing to wise and bene Octal legislation passed by a Republican legislature over the veto of that boodle governor, put into office by Grover Cleve land, and owing to a jusi an honest ad ministration of the courts, the entire ex pense of their administration for the first welve months of the present Republican regime, amounted to only $00,000, in which sum there is Included an estimate oi a deficiency in the pay of jurors, etc., of about $10,000; this means that under the Democratic administration the people of New Mexico w ere systematically and constantly robbed by corrupt iudges and dishonest court officials. Nowhere in New Mexico has a deter mined attempt been made to find water that has resulted in failure. The fact is water is abundant here if It is sought for. The stockmen are admonished to take the hint and sink tubular wells be fore another summer comei ground. Lath reports from Kansas are to the effect that the long drought has been broken, and while the recent general rains have come too late to do much good for the corn crops, Btill other crops, in cluding grass, will average fairly. This will in all probability re-encourage the demand for New Mexico cattle. A country where cyclones never light and lightning seldom strikes, such as is New Mexico, is a good place in which to dwell. One is reminded of this when reading that since January last, in various parts of the central west and east, north and south, 1,100 people have been killed by wind storms and lightning. Tub New York Tribune, which appears to be the organ of the BO-called Indian Rights' association, :s working like a beaver to prevent the removal of the southern Utes from southern Colorado. Thus far the Tribune has about as com pletely pulled the wool over the eyes of congress as Major Powell ever did, which leads the Pueblo Chieftain to make this pertinent observation : "The last Tribune Indian philanthropist who visited Colo- Ex-U. S. Senator Charles H. Van Wvck, of Nebraska, "a lawyer by profes sion and a farmer in politics," has been nominated by the Farmers' Alliance of that state for congress. That cooks the farmers' political goose in Nebraska. They have caught another sore-headed politician, an out-and-out crank this time and defeat will be their portion. The Denver & Rio Grande Railroad company can scarcely expect to command a fair share of New Mexico business as long as it adheres to the policy which has characterized it in southern Colorado and New Mexico for the past twelve years. The service is wrethed, paBsengers and shippers are loud in their complaints against such treatment and the attention of the present management is respectfully called to the necessity ef an immediate change. The business will justify it ; let's hare it. It looks somewhat like the good old times of yore to find it announced in the dispatches from Boston that the Santa Fe road has declared a dividend of 234' cents "out of the road's earnings," payable September 1 on income bonds. The ex cellent management of this mammoth concern has certainly surprised every body, east and west, in its success during the past nine months. It is also pleasant to note that that part of the road lyiiv within New Mexico has contributed not a little toward its general prosperity. Oi r esteemed contemporary, the Optic, calls upon the New Mexican to know, why the land court bill is not being sup ported by this newspaper. An answer seems hardly necessary. If the Optic will take time to look through the files of the New Mexican it will find its question fully answered. There is not another pa per in this wide territory, that has sup ported that measure as well, as energet ically and as constantly as the New Mex ican. The New Mexican is assured from Washington that the chances for the pas sage of the bill at the present session of corlgj-ess are very good. Our friends, the enemy, are looking about for a loop hole; they have come to the conclusion that there are a great many patriotic and honest Democrats, who will vote for the constitution, no matter what the commands and frantic appeals of the bosses. We should not be at all surprised, should the Democratic territorial convention, to be held on the 3d of September next, indorse the consti tution. This will surely be the case, if the rank and file of the Democracy have anything to say. Of course, if tne bosses, boodlers and ringsters control, it may be different. We shall see. THE FREE TRADEES' ASSERTION UNTRUE. Iu 1846 a Democratic administration and congress passed a law establishing a tariff for revenue only. This was kept in force till 1861. Under that tariff, in 1853 and 1854, for instance, the price of pig iron was $36 per ton. In 1861 a Repub lican administration and a Republican congress adopted a protective tariff. Since the adoption of the protective tariff the price of pig iron has been reduced just about one half. In 1888 tbe price of that most necessary staple was $18.88 per ton and in 1889 $17.75 per ton. That is what a protective policy has done for the re duction in the price of pig iron. Hun dreds of other instances, as beneficial to the country and to the consumer, could be given daily. The free trader's asser tion, that low duties or free trade cheapen manufactured articles, is not carried out by the facts. DEMOCRATIC D0INGB IH SAN MKHJEL C0UMTY. The so-called White Cap movement in San Miguel county was instituted by the Democratic bosses, for no other purpose than to gain votes. The outrages and lawless proceedings and loss of property and insecurity to life and property, that have existed in that county during the past few months, are directly traceable to tbe evil machinations and wicked agita tion of the Democratic leaders. They propose to use the White Cap movement for the purpose of gaining votes and hav ing themselves and their henchmen elected to office. It is to be hoped, that the decent and law abiding people of that county, and they are in the majori ty, will so vote at tbe coming election as to foil the wicked and harmful plans of these men, who care only for self in terest, self aggrandizement and power, no matter how obtained, and will bury them so deep socially, politically and in busi ness, that they will not be able to rear their heads for a generation to come. It will not do to scotch these poisonous snakes, they must be utterly annihilated, and the good and honest tax payers, property owners and citizens of San Miguel county can do it, if they choose to assert themselves and exert themselves. THE SIEGE OF SANTA FE By the Insurgent Indians of the Pneb los in the Year 1680, SM'ciuly pivitired lor the New Mexican BV PROF. f. A. UANDKLlEB, Ml'uiVi' Ani.Ticau Arebttfulogical Institute. (Continued.: The Piros, Die most southerly stock of Tueblo Indians of New Mexico, had not participated in the outbreak. A consider able pueblo of theirs stood at. Alamillo, another at Socorro. At the former place the fugitives halted and there, on the 20th of August, they were joined by Sebastian de llerrera Rnd Fernando de Chavez who, having escaped from the massacre at Taos, pHbSeJ in sight of Santa Fe where they witnessed, from the timbered heights in the east, the engagements on Friday and Saturdhy and thence, avoiding care fully tiie pueblo of Pecos, struck the Rio Grande at Alamillo. Their descriptions OF EVENTS AT SANTA KE convinced the lieutenant governor that his chief was still holding out. So he again declared his intention of leaving all non-combatants at Socorro and going north to open commu nicaiion with Otermiu, Again he was overruled, and again it was the family of Mendoza and Don Pedro Duran y Chavez who opposed him, and finally compelled even the ahandoumeutof Socorro. In all probability the opposition was in the right, for the twenty or twenty-five men would HAVF. I'ERISIIKD AT TIIE HANDS of the enemy without ever reaching their destination, and in that case the women and children were left at the mercy of the Indians, lor w hile the Spaniards were at Pnabo (as the pueblo of Socorro was called) a runner from the north secretely entered the village with a pressing mes sage to its inhabitants to rid themselves of their guests and join the re lie Is also. Nevertheless, Garcia did only partially yield. He sull'ered the bulk of the people to proceed onward as far as Fray Cristo bal in the Jornada del Muerto where, close to a watering place, they felt com paratively safe, lie, with five men, turned back to meet the governor, of whose return he had mean while been informed through In dians. BOTH MET AT TIIE NUTRIAS, nearly opposite the present town of lieleu, and Otermiu, incensed at what he regarded as treason on the part of his subordinate, put him under arrest. It was easy for Garcia to establish, beyond all doubt, that he had been prevented from coming to ttie assistance oi the governor, through the refusal of the others to obey. The march was then resumed toward Socorro. Whiie they were moving along and had already passed Alamillo, a cloud of dust was noticed, which rapidly approached from the south. It was the escort commanded by the Maestro de Campo Pedro Ue l.eyhu. The convoy had safely reached El Paso del Norte on the 2ath of August, Willi the convoy came that MOST ENERGETIC MONK, Fray Francisco de Ayeta. He forth with dispatched Levba with what ever supplies could be conveniently transported on pack animals, while be remained at El Paso loading the carts of the convoy with provisions, arm ing the few Spaniards, gathering food from the valley oi Casus Grandes, ap pealing to the governor of New Biscay for men and ammunition. By October the survivors from New Mexico were safely quartered near El Paso del Norte. THEIR N1MI1F.R, AIX TOLD, was 1,946. Nearly one half of them were Indians. A number of the Piros of Alamillo and Socorro had joined the Spaniards voluntarily. Several hundred of Mexican Indians, servants, were also included, so that 1,000 may be safely re garded, as the number of the Spaniards who escaped from the massacrees and engagements of August, 1680. On these facts, established by official documents in our posession, we base our statement that the Spanish population of New Mex ico up to 1MW, barely numbered 1,500 souls. IT SEEMS ALMOST INCREDIBLE that the pueblo Indians, with their great superiority of numbers, their armament, and the quantity of horses at their com mand, made no effort to impede the retreat of Oterinin. From the muster roll it appears, that among the whole crowd with w hich he effected his escape from New Mexico, there were only 155 able-bodied men, seventy of whom were completely unarmed. Still it ought not to surprise us. The uprising had no central head, no organization beyond that of each tribe and a vague leagueship, such as the Pueblos were accustomed to from in olden times. TUB NORTHERN PUEBLOS. obeyed the counsels of Pope, Cbato, Zaca, Nicolas Touva, Francisco Tanjete. The Pecos and Tanos had their leaders and recognized none of those previously men tioned. The Oueres were controlled by Catite and the Ollita, tbe Jeinez and the Tiguas by chiefs of their own. So it came, that while the uprising was a pre concerted and simultaneous movement, the operations against Olermin were very loosely conducted. He was supposed to defeat the Tanos, Pecos, Te- haus. and Taos at Santa re. To inflict such damage upon them, that they were also to leave him alone. The Queues at Santo Domingo had set a trap for the Spaniards ; it was discovered in time AND THE INDIANS BAFFLED. The Queres afterward, reinforced by the Jemez, waited for Otermiu at the Angostura, but they ventured not to attack a body of men who had defeated northern kindred and es' caped the snares laid by them at Santo Domingo. At Sunma the liguas conn dently expected to meet a dispirited and famished remnant. As soon as they found out, however, that the Spaniards were able to face ciiem, they immediately withdrew. After all the Pueblos had gained their point, they had forced the whites to evacuate New Mexico and thus made it possible for themselves to return to the customs of their ancestors. Later on we shall cast a glance at the years that followed upon Otermin's retreat, and at the condition of the Pueblo Indians while living after the fashion of the "good old times" again. Try the Nbw Mexican's new oatl of material and machinery when jw mt flat job printing or skuk book wort. For rtirorior work in tho lino of book 1 biding call nt tho New Mexican of fice. Unloro by ;:iail iven prompt attm-tiwii. G. A. R. Encampment. For the above occasion the A., T. & S. F. railway will sell round trip tickets to Boston and return at the following rates : $58.60, except via N. Y. Central & H. R. railroad and via Chicago & M. C. or L. 8. & M. S. railway, which will be $2.95 higher. Tickets on sale August 5 to 9 ; going limit, August 13, '90; final limit, August 25, '90. Tickets must be executed at Boston for return passage previous to August 20. Final limit can be extended to not later than September 30 by depositing tickets with the joint agent of the Boston ter minal lines between August 12 and 19, inclusive. When passengers are ready to com mence the return journey, their tickets will then be made good for passage by train leaving Boston only on the day their tickets are returned, and for con tinuous passage only. For passengers taking advantage of the extension of time granted at Boston, it will be necessary tor them to have the return portion of the tickets west of Chi cago, St. Louis or Kansas City (as the case may be) extended to conform with the extension of time given on their tickets east of these points. For further information apply to W. M. Smith, Agent. SOL. SPIEGELBERG The old reliable merchant et Hnnta Fa, ha added largely t hl took of GENTS' FURNISHING GUUDS And those In need of any article In his Una would do veil to call on him. ON SAN FRANCISCO STRFET PROFESSIONAL CAEDS. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. JOHN P. VIOTOKY, Attorney at Law. Office iu Couuty Court House. Will practice iu the several Courts ot the l'er ritory and tbe U. ri Laud Otlice at Santo Fe. Examination of titles to Spanish aud Mexican Grants, K'ues, and other realty, carefully and promptly utteuded to. Patents for Miucs secured. GEO. C. FRKSTON, Attorney at Law. Prompt and careful attention given to all business ntrusted to him. Will practice in all courts of the territory. RALPH K. TWITOHKLL, Attorney at Law Bplegelberg block, Santa Fe, New Mexico. MAX FKOST, 4ttoricit AT Law, Bant Fe, New Mexico. GEO. W. KNAKBEL, Office in the Sena Building, Palace Avenne. Collections and Searehlug Titles a specialty. EDWARD L. BAKTLKTT, Lawyer, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Office over second National Bank. HKNKT t. WALDO, Attorney at Law. Will practice In the several courts of the territory. Prompt attention given to all business intrusted to his care. T. F. COKWAY. . e. POSKY. W. A. HAWKINS. CONWAY, POSKY HAWKINS, Attorneys vid Counselors at Law, Silver City New Mexico. Prompt attention given to all business Intrusted to ear care. Practice In all the courts of the territory. K. A. FIBKB, Attorney and Counselor at Law, P. O. Box "F," Santa Fe, N. M., practices in supreme and all district courts of New Mexico. Special at tention given to mining and Spanish and Mex ican land itrant litigation. T. B. CATRON. f, H. KNARBBL F. W. CLANCY. CATRON, KNAKBBL ft CLANCY, Attorneys at Law and Solicitors in Chancery, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Practice in all the Courts in the Territory. One ol the firm will be at all times in Santa Fe. REAL ESTATE AGENTS AND SURVEYORS. WILLIAM WHITK, D. 8. Deputy Surveyor and U. 8. Deputy Mineral Surveyor. Locations made upon public lands. Furnishes information relative to Spanish aud Mexican land grants. Offices in Klrschuer Block, second floor, Santa Fe. N. M , D. W. MANLEY, DENTIST. Over CM. Creamer's Drag; Store. OFFICE HOURS, - - 9 to 19, 9 to 4 J. W. OLIMGER. Undertaker:-and-:-EmbalrneK Cor. Water and ii i:iir Sts., SANTA TOliKWMEX mMiiPiiuifflffr Farm Lands! JNO. HAMPEL, fin, Tar and Grave UNDER IRRIGATING DITCHES. PLUM BINS M GAS FITTING, Lowest prices aud first cl work. LOWER 'FRISCO ST., (AM FE N.H SIMON FILCER Contractor & Bnilfler. Cabinet Making of all kinds, and repair ing; done promptly and in a first el asa man ner; filing aud repairing sawa. Shop, four doors below Schnepple'St on 'Frisco Street Choice Mountain Valley and Lands pear lire Fool FOB SALE. tali!!!1 lie Southeast cor. Plaza, SANTA FE, - N. l. letitral!) locateo, ttittrelj flefltttej, TERMS - $2 per Day Special Rates by the week J.T. FORSHA. Propr !tEpR A D O J&! Kill f; c '' iy ;)' :J , .; . , V, , . - V. o (l ') J ARCHITECT and CONTRACTOB ANTONIO WINDSOR CLOSE FIGURING! MODERN METHODS! SKILLED MECHANICS! kuU Is Plana aud Specifications furnished on ap plication. Correspondence solicited. office, Qanta Fp N M Lower 'Frisco Street. Odllld ro N, IH, No Other Cigar has Such a Record as THE PELTON WATER WHEEL Gives the highest efficiency ol any wheel in the world, 1 r . Jk. Ill AX W ma - m i The Greatest Mechanical Achievement ol Modern Times, Mora Than 700 in Use in All Parts of the World. Good for any head above 20 fee and adapted to every variety of servioe. PELTON WATER MOTORS. Varying from the fraction of one Bp to 12 and 16 horsepower. Inclosed In iron cases and ready for pipe con nectlons. Cneqnaled for all kinds of light running machinery. Warranted to develop a given amonnt of power with one-half the water required by any other. Send for circulars. Address The Pelton Water Wheel Co 121 and 128 Main St.. San Francisco, C&l. The Yost Writing Machine. Ilit Hew and Higher Standard. if .-.jMSMifflLI.... Mr. nst:(the Inventor ef the two other typewriters whose Ufe is world-wide), has Fdeis th'5 nilU;nilie UPU '"npl'flod NO RIBBON. DIRECT PRINTINO; PKR MANKNT ALIGNMENT. Exhaustively tas ted and Guaranteed a' to HFKED. Sta'nitth, and MANIFOLDING POWER. Unprecedented introduction; 8000 adopted 'he first year. iO. L. EVANS. Gen'l Art. Denver. f'L. A. TEEEY, Ter. Agt, Albuquer- NEW MEXICAN PRINTING CO, Local Agt ftw to irrigation of the prairies, and vaJleyi between Rata and fTiiitBMsj M band red miles of large irrigating' canals have been ball, m m la ovane ef oonitnietion, with water for 75.0O0 acres of 1mmL Hieat land with perpetual water right will be Bold cheap and en tke eaaf tarna of ton annual payments, with 7 per cent interest. In addition to the above there are 1,400,000 acres of tak, eoDnwting mainly of agricultural lands. The eliuiate ia uiiaiu-pasned, and alfalfa, grain and trait ei al (raw to perfection aud in abundance. The A.., T. A 8. F. railroad and the D., T. A Fort Worth raflroad i sms propertr, and otner roads will soon follow. Those wiahini? to view the ands can secure special rates ea lbs vara, ana win nave a rebate also en the sams if they should bay 100 i sr more of land. Warranty Deeds Given. tm toil particular apply to The Maxwell Land Grant Co NEW MEXICO FISCHER BREWING CO. HANVsTAOTURKKH OF Strictly Pure Lager Beer! FINEST MINERAL WATERS. Unit Rri.) WAUCER Boots, j. G. sc:hj.uiann, Shoes, Leather and Findings BOOT Keeps on nana a fall assortment of Ladles' ama Children's Fine Shoes; also the M idlam and taa Choap ("des. I wonld call especial attention It my Calf ...Id Llt'M Kip WALKER Boot, a boa lor men who do heavy work and need a soft bat eerviceable appor leather, with heavy, asbstan. tial, triple soles and standard screw fasten! Orders by mall promptly attended to. P. 0. Box 143, Santa Fe, N. M Marble and Granite' MONUMENTS Of tbe Most Artistic Designs AT LOWEST POSSIBLE RATES. AT OLINGER'S UNDERTAKING HOUSE. Helphenstein Hotel! A. HELPHENSTEIN, Pro. Taos, Naw Mexico. Visitors will find this hotel to be thoroughly Brst-class. Special attention given commercial men. SFTransportation to or from Kmbudo at easy rates. SUBSCRIBE FOR T Fearless, free, consistent 3 TT la its editorial opin- ions, ham per- o e 111 S3 u sd by no tie. S A N T , Specially 3 devoted to the growing interests of the rich and promising iming state oi New Mexico, E W I M if Eg II s f XS' 5. . fft I is C I A N ETE1TB0ST WAITS IT. THE PECOS VALLEY! THE GREAT FRUIT BELT of NEW MEXICO! 1000 Miles Nearer all Eastern Markets than The canal system of the PECOS IRRIGATION AND IMPROVEMENT COMPANY covers 300,000 acres of MAGNIFICENT LAND in this MATCHLESS LOCALITY. ABterable at tne uovemnient price, ol The land is all PUBLIC DOMAIN and si.25 ::: one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre i ;:? $1.25 Either iiikI- i- Desert Act. Timber Culture, Pre-emption or Honiestea'l Laws. The soil is a ricli, chocolate-colored, sandy loam, from six t twenty leet deep, underlaid by lime-stone. In fact It is a lime-stone region VNSURPASSiw IX RICHNESS by the famous Cumberland Valley. With an altitude oC 3,500 feet above sea level, it has A CLIMATE WONDERFULLY EQUABLE AND HEALTHY ! No snows; no Northers; no dampness; no malaria: o ennmptlo ! PURE, nd ABUNDANT WATER; on 1 here produces five cuttings of alfalfa, tbe 'C!r. and two crops of trrat.i; wheat, oats and barley being harvested in June and corn then planted on tbe same land being cut iu tUt. Autumn. For farther paiticulars, address, "THE PECOS IRRIGATION AND IMPROVEMENT COMPANY," Eddy, Eddy County, New Mexico.