tm Daily New Mexican
population. At the present time medical
students are graduating at the rate of
about 5,000 a year.
i mmmmMwmw mmm
WHY 00 YOU COUGH?
tractor & Bui
Do you know that a little cough is a dangerous
By NEW MEXICAN PRINTING CO.
A SPLENDID CHAH0E
With the Rio Grande running all most
brim full is it not a shame that every foot
of agricultural land in this productive
valley is not supplied with water for irriga
tion? The attention of capital is directed to
thing ? Are you aware that it of ten fastens on w y
lungs and far too often runs into Consumption and
ends in Death? People suffering from Asthma, a
Bronchitis, Pneumonia and Consumption will all p
tell you that
"IT STARTED WITH ACOLD.":
,k Can you afford to neglect it? Can you trifle
'Entered as Second Class matter at the
Eauta Fe Post Office.
H A R D W A R
RATES OP SUBSCRIPTION.
Dally, pet week, by carrier 20
Datlv. tier month, by carrier 1 "V
Cabinet Making of all kinds, and repair
Ing done promptly and In a first class mm
ner; filing; and repairing: aaws.
Shop, fonr doors below Sohnepple's,
on 'Frisco 8 rat.
Dally, per mouth, by mall
Dally, three month, by mail
Dally, iz mouths, by mail
Dally, one year, by mail
Weekly, per moutn
Weekly, per quarter
Weeealy, per six mouths
Weekly, per year.
this matter. The climate, the soil, and tne
maiket are here, for where else can
such prices for home products be secured
as in New Mexico ? What has been done
in the valleys of the Platte, the Arkansas
I , if , 'tf'; win ou Dciiuua eft matiA.1 t aa3 j uu t t v, uiuv
. Jki mmm m mm mmM
UKi AUEVbK'S broULISH KtRltlil.
I for Coughs, Colds and Consumption is beyond question tho greatest of all !
I Modern Remedies ? It will stop a Cough in one night. It will check a Cold in (j
a day. It will prevent Croup, relieve Asthma and cure Consumption if taken I
I in time, " You can't afford to be without it." A 25 cent bottle may save you
$100 in Doctor's bills may save your life ! Ask your druggist for it, or write!
Plumbing, Gas & Steam Fitting.
and the Pecos, on the eastern slope of
the Rocky mountains and throughout
California can he done here in the valley
I to W. II. Hooker & Co.. 46 West Broadway, New y om, lor dook.
of the Rio Grande.
FOB SALK BY A. C. IRELAND, Jr.. SANTA FK.
15 In. .
(1 00 Jl 2r
1 OU 1 7C
2 00 2 25
9 50110 00
10 Oo'll 00
11 00:12 00
12 00 13 0U
12 60i 60
13 50 '16 OO
lu 0Ul6 00
16 0017 59
10 50 1
9 6U mi 00
10 50 32 00
U 00 34 00
12 00 30 00
13 00 3S00
14 00 4U 00
lo 00,42 00
17 0044 00
18 00 45 00
20 50148 00
Insertions in "Round About Town" column 25
Cents a line, each insertion.
Preferred locals 10 cents per line first insertion
ana 5 cents per uue eacn subsequent maeiLiuu.
Legal advertising (1 per iuch per day for first
lz insertions, 76 cents per iuch per day for next
six Insertions, 60 cents per day for subsequent
AU contracts and bills for advertising payable
All communications Intended for publication
most be ai'i-omiumiiid hv the writer's name and
address uot for publication but as an evidence
of good faith, ana should be addressed to the
editor. Letters pertaining to business should
be addressed to Kkw Mexican Printing Oo.
Santa Fe, New Mexico.
The New Mkxican is the oldest news-
r in New Mexico. It is sent to every Post
Office in the Territory and has a large and grow
ng circulation among the intelligent and pro
gressive people of the southwest.
SATURDAY. AFRIL 4.
John Jackson, 1086.
Thaddeus Stevens, 1793.
Peter Cooper, 1883.
President Harrison, 1841.
Oliver (JohlBuiitb, 1774.
Madame Jerome Buonaparte,
Miss Catherine Wolf, 1880.
Kx-Attorney-General B. II.
IN THE LINE OP EDUCATION.
The tone of the English press is not
. . ... . , tT. 1.J dl.l
very inenuiy toward ine u nueu sjihibs
over the Italian affair. They can see the
big guns of Sicily laying low American
ports and are picking all sorts of flaws in
the American constitution. Our English
cousins have been sorely tried themselves
of late, and they have, while remaining
very quiet respecting their own interests
in the Behring sea fisheries matter, evi
dently been looking for just sach a chance
as this Italian flurry aflords to show their
real spirit. It is plain that American in
stitutions are becoming quite too power
ful and independent to please our neigh
bors across the Atlantic.
This was clearly demonstrated in the
passage of the McKinley bill and the En
glish press comments.thereon. Because
the United States declines to pander to
English influence and adopt the free trade
idea, there has been much less apparent
harmony between the two countries ; but
it can't well be otherwise. American in
terests must be protected, and what's
more, they will be, and in the event of
war with Italy or any other foreign coun
try, despite the much talked of big guns
of the sea, the American people will be
found amply able to take very good care
of themselves. The nations of the earth
will doubtless have in future a much bet
ter opportunity to study American insti
stutions than in the past, for in the very
nature of things no country can grow
without conflicting with the claims of
some of the older nations. It is all in the
line of modern education and good will
come of it in the end.
Slavery abolished in D. C, 1862.
First newspaper in U. S. (Boston News
Born : Thomas Hobbes, 1588.
Catharine I, of Russia, 16S'J.
John T. Raymond, 1830.
Died: Robert Raikes (intituted Sun
day schools), 1811.
John Stowe, 1005.
Prof. Morse, 1872.
Jacob Sharp, 1888.
Rear-Admiral Thatcher, 1800.
Danton executed, 1794.
Prince Arthur murdered at Rouen, 1203.
DIEGO DE VARGAS.
How the Spaniard! Returned -The Ke
oonqaest of ew Mezloo In
1003 and 1093.
and cheap sugar is sweeter and more
satisfactory all around.
. The New Mexican, for the information
of the people, continues to publish the
laws passed by the 29th legislative as
sembly. And this publication does not
cost the territory or the tax payers a
The Italian government is taking meas
ures to check immigration to the United
States ; good enough. The Italian gov
ernment can not do any too much check
ing in that direction.
Yesterday we had occasion to remark :
"In time of peace, prepare for war." The
people of Santa Fe had better prepare for
the session of the 30th legislative assem
bly. There is danger in the air for the
German capitalists are about putting
$1,000,000 into the establishment of ten
beet sugar factories in the state of Kan
sas. It will require the product of 100,
000 acres of land to supply these fac
tories ; and that blamed McKinley bill is
responsible for all that.
It seems pretty well settled all around
that if New Mexico comes in as a Demo'
cratic state, the chairman of the Demo
cratic central committee, Mr. W. B.
Childers and F. A. Blake, of Las Vegas,
of the Peoples' party, are to be United
States senators. Fate is fate.
The states, which are to elect govern'
ors this year, are New York, New Jersey,
Maryland, Kentucky, Ohio and Iowa,
The present holders of the offices in these
states are atl Democrats, and if the Re'
publicans succeed in wresting two or
three of them from the Democracy, the
chances for Republican success in 1892
will be greatly increased thereby.
What becomes of all the young medi
cal graduates, has always been as much
of a mystery to many as what becomes
of the needles and pins? But a medical
journal has figured out that the United
States can turn 7,000 doctors annually
out of its colleges and then have not too
many to keep up with the growth in
IContinucd from Saturday, March 28, 1891. J
If the maintenance of the post at El
Paso was a military necessity, a recon
quest of the territory lost was still more
desirable. But the difficulties in the way
were very great. Ia the first place Spain
was involved both in European politics
and in financial troubles. The treasury was
depleted. Obliged to protect, with forces
utterly inadequate an enormous area, she
stood in the position of a wounded lion
harrassed by clouds of poisonous flies.
. ... , 1 - X. U1U
MADE STRENUOUS EFFORTS FOR ENABLING
Otermin to resume the offensive. The
Pueblos made no attempt at attacking El
Paso openly, still it was apparent that
emissaries from their sides from time to
time visited the Mansos and Sumas, and
that secret communications were enter
tained with the Piros who bad joined the
Spaniards on their retreat. Toward the
close of the year 1681, Oterman was at
last able to take the field. He left Et
Paso del Norte with 14tj Spaniards, 112
Indian auxiliaries and 352 horses on the
4th of November of that year and moved
as rapidbly as possible up the Rio Grande
valley. It is well known that
THE EXPEDITION PROVED A COMPLETE
The Pueblos avoided every engagement.
The village of Ialeta wag the only one
surprised, and tne surprise was so com
plete that its inhabitants offered and
could offer, no resistance whatever.
There was no bloodshed during the whole
campaign. Not a person was wounded
on either side. Still the Spaniards had to
retreat, for every village (isleta excepted)
was found abandoned, all the stores and
supplies removed, and the bulk of the
forces had to remain in camp
NEAR BERNALILLO INACTIVE,
suffering from lack of provisions. The
Cueres, Jeinez, and a part of the Tanos
bad retreated to the summit of the mesa
which rises above the fertile valley, new
called the Canada de Uocmti ; then nan
ed "Cineguilla," (not to be confounded
with the Cineguilla of to-day, between
Santa Fe and Pena Blanca). It was
manifest that they intended to make a
stand, and so Oterman sent bis cavalry,
numbering sixty men about, under com
mand of Juan Dominguez de Mendoza, to
either treat with the rebels or
ATTACK THEM IF POSSIBLE.
Ere Mendoza could seize the abandoned
pueblo of Cochiti the northern pueblos
had already reinforced the occupants of
the "Potrero Vieio" (as the mesa is
called) and an assault was precarious,
Negotiations brought about no other re'
suit than to disclose a plan, on the part
of the insurgents, to delay and withold
the Spaniards long enough until they
TO ATTACK THEM IN THEIR
camp and destroy them, or at least deprive
them of their horses. Mendoza being in
formed of these plans by some of the In
dians themselves, retreated to the main
body, and Otermin, sorely pressed by the
inclemency of the season and the absence
TOOK THE HOMEWARD MARCH,
which he accomplished without being
molested in the month of January, 10S2,
he was again at El Paso with, all his men
and with 385 Indians from Isleta whom
he established on what to-day would be
called a "Reserve" on the Texas side of
the Rio Grande. The Pueblo which they
built was named Isleta, also, and bears
that name to-day, the Piros were eettled
near by. at Socorro del bur inow aband
oned and at Seneeui opposite Isleta.
The Mansos remained in their former
abodes, around the old church of Nuestra
Senora de Guadalupe del Paso, and the
Sumas were kept well in.hand as close as
possible to the military post, so as to be
able to keep a watchful eye on that fickle
and turbulent tribe.
It is certain that the Pueblos managed
OPERATIONS AGAINST OTERMIN VERY CLEV
ERLY. They drew him on, and their intention
was manifestly to allure him far enough
to the north, where the season would
have finished him quite as much, as the
warfare which the enemy mijjht make
upon his exhausted men. Otermin was
imprudent and improvident in undertak
ing the campaign with limited resources
in men and supplies, and in selecting for
it the beginning of winter. It may be
alleged in his defense that his health was
failing rapidly and he had consequently
to depend upon subordinates. Among
them. Juan Dominiiuez de Mendoza was
most prominent, and he. as the sequel
showed, was bent more upon securing his
own accession to the governorship ot
New Mexico thau upon anything else.
It soon after became apparent at JM
Paso, that the emissaries of
THE REBELS AND OF THE APACHKS
were "putting in the work" among the
Indians there, and the position of the
Spaniards became very critical. Finally
the Sumas broke out, and with them the
Janos and Jocomes, both tribes settled
north and northwest of Casas grandes.
The mission of Carretas was deserted,
and at Janos the Indians sacked the
church, killing the priest, Fray Manuel
bieltran. After these atrocities both the
Janos and the Jocomes gravitated towards
the Apaches, into whom they finally
merged : even the names of ttie tribes
disappearing. It was about that time
THE APACHES INTRODUCED THEMSELVES
into Chihuahua. Intercourse with the
south and west became very perilous, in
security at home, danger at the every
door, on the field where the crops were
growing, rendered existence at El Paso
for removal, but the governor was firm ;
he knew that it was necessary to hold the
place at any cost.
The rueblos themselves were
TOO MUCH WRAPT IN INTERIOR BTRIFE
to follow up the advantage which Oter-
min's failure afforded to them. On the
other hand they were, in regard to the
Apaches, no better off than the Snan
mrus. iney were even in a more pre
carious position, since each tribe of theirs
was isolated, and theirown improvidence.
the reckless squandering of whatever
resources they had enjoyed under Span-
lsn ruie, leu tnem
MORE DESTITUTE AND DEFENSELESS.
Sad is the picture which the declarations
made by Indians from Picuries in 1683
present of the condition of the village-Indians
in New Mexico. Nearly all the
cattle was gone, most of tho horses had
been taken by the Apaches, Navajos and
Yutes, who, besides-, were murdering the
people whenever opportunity offered it-
sen. iney nao no implements of aur -
Chamberlain's Eye and Skin
A certain cure for Chronic Sore Eyoa,
Tetter, Salt Rheum, Scald Head, Olc
Chronic Sores, FeverJSorftsEczenia
Itch, Prairie Scratches, Sore Nipples
and Files. It is cooling and soothing.
Hundreds of cases have been cured by
it after all other treatment had failed
It is put up in 25 and 50 cent boxes.
Notice lor Publication.
Land Office at Santa Fb, N. M.,)
March 12, 1891.f
Notice is herebv eiven that the follow'
ing named settler has filed notice of his
intention to make final proof in support
of his claim, and that said proof will be
made before the register and receiver at
Santa Fe, N. M., on April 30, 1891, viz:
Walter M. Taber. for the nwli neW s.
nei and nej ne4 sec. 34, tp. lOn, r. 11 e.
He names the following witnesses to
prove his continuous residence upon and
cultivation oi said lanu, viz :
Robert Clokey and Atherton B. Wad'
leicb. of Glorieta. N. M. : Charles C. Ev
erhart and James L. Van Arsdell, of
Santa Fe, N. M.
A. L. Morrison, Register.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
RALPH E. TWITCHEIX,
Attorney at Law Bpiegelberg block, Santa Fe,
aTTOKNEY at Law, Santa Fe, New Mexico.
OKO. W. KNAKBEL,
Office In tbe Sena Building, Palace Avenue.
Collections and Searching Titles a specialty.
EDWARD L. BAKTLETT,
Lawyer, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Office over
Second National Bank.
HENRY L. WALDO,
Af-fnniny at Law. Will nractice in the several
courts of tbe territory. Prompt atteutl given
W ail OUNlUeHS IULIUBUUU U U1S UB1D.
T. r. COSWAY. 8. 6. POSBY. W. A. HAWKINS.
CONWAY, POSEY & HAWKINS,
Attorneys ind Counselors at Law, Silver City
New Mexico. Prompt attention given to al.
business intrusted to our caie. Practice in all
tbe courts of the territory.
E. A. FI8KK,
Attorney and Counselor at Law, P. O. Box
"F," Santa Fe, N. M., practices in supreme and
all Oistrict courts oi ew Mexico, special at
tentlon given to mining and Spanish and Mex
lean laua grant litigation.
1HOS. B. CATRON.
itturneys at Law and solicitor in Chancery,
Santa Fe, New Mexico. Practice In all the
Courts In the Territory.
D. S. Deputy Surveyor and O. a Deputy Mineral
Locations made upon public lands. Furnishes
Information relative to Spaulsh aud Mexican
laud grants. Offices in Kirscuuur Block, second
ooor, Maura re. n. m
JOHN P. VICTORY,
Attorney at Law. Office In County Conrt House
v in practice in tne several courts oi tuu lu
rltory aud the U. S. Laud Ollice at Santa Fi
Examination of titles to Sn nlsh aud Mexican
Grants, Miues, and other realtv, carefully and
promptly attended to. Patents for Alines se
culture, and many of them loudly sighed
for a return of a rule which not long ago
they had succeeded in shaking off. The
MEDICINE MEN, HOWEVER, WERE FIRM
and the people bowed still to their oracu
Otermin's health become so poor that
he begged to be relieved from duties that
involved so much care and peril. He
was succeeded by Don Domingo Gironza
Petriz de Cruzate, an able and energetic
man, who took possession of the govern
ment in 1683. Cruzate found things
IN A MOST ALARMING STATE.
All the tribes around 1 Paso were in
arms, each doing as much damage as
possible on its own hook, the Mansos,
Tiguas and Piros were uneasv and some
of them secretely conspiring, and the
Apaches appeared here and there, raiding
and murdering in their accustomed man
ner. Destitution was great among tbe
Spaniards, the armament poor, the sup'
plies and ammunition on the wane. It
was a severe task to begin with, no
tnougnt could be entertained of recon
quering the lost north : Cruzate miirht,
consider himself fortunate if he succeed
ed in preserving the south. To increase
bis troubles, Juan Dominguez de Men'
doza was intriguing in order to have him
removed and himself appointed governor
oi new Mexico. ad. a . J3andklieu,
ITo be Continued, i
I meat and Lest jo work in the terri
tory and jest excellent binding at the
Nitr Mxxiiajt printing offlc.
D. W. MANLEY,
Oyer C. M. Creamer's Drug Store.
- 9 to IS, it to
BOOK, STATIONERY AND
MAEIE, TODD & CO.'S GOLD PEKS
hub Oandlst Npotltr. ria Utcart,
Vol aao. Notions, Eta.
fhe City Meat Market
ESTABLISHED IN 1850.
AUGUST KIRSCHNER, Propr.
IRAIiEB IN AIX KIHDS OF
fresh and Salt Meats and Sausage of all Kinds
SAN FRANCISCO ST., SANTA FE, N. M.
rlaas and palAituM furnished am f
plication. Oorraspondano solleltd
Santa Fe, N. 11.
Lowar 'ftlaoo Strati
FISf HER BREWING CO.
Strictly Pure Lager Beer!
FINEST MINERAL WATERS.
THE SANTA BAKERY
Bread, Pies and Cakes.
Groceries and Provisions.
P. SCHNEPPLE, Proprietor.
la .BAKCiaCO TREET,
ACTA FE, H. at
FEED AND TRANSFER.
All kind, of Rough and Finished lumber; Texas Flooring at the lowest
Market Ti le e; Windows and Doors. Also carry on a general Transfer Busi
ness and deal in lfay and Grain.
C. W. DUDROW
Albuquerque Foundry & Machine Comp'y
R. P. HILL, Secretary and Treasurer.
IRO.t AND BRASH CASTINGS, ORE, COAL AMD LTJMBEK CABS, BHA
ING, PULLEYS, GBATES BARS, BABBIT METALS, COLUMN
AND IRON FRONTS FOR BUILDINGS.
REPAIRS ON MINING AND MILL MACHINERY A SPECIALTY
The Best Value
LEVI STRAUSS & CO'S
OVERALLS AND SPRING BOTTOM PANTS
Enjoy a National Reputation.
None Genuine without Our Trade Mark.
BEST SEWING I BEST FINISH I BEST FIT I
BEST MATERIALS I
The only kind made by White Labor.
For Sale Everywhere
and otln-r special
ties for (;pntler,,im,
ranted, and so stamped on bottom, , AiWrcss
W.L.l)OUUlAS,Brockiou, Mnos. Sokltw
3. O. SCHUMANN, Santa Fe.
To those Buffering from the
effects of amy of tne follow
ing disease and desire health
should write Lee Wing at
once. AU diseases peculiar
to women, falling weakness,
loBt manhood, nervous dis
eases, sexual diseases, semi
nal weakness, vouthlul foil v.
urinary troubles, kidney and ll?er troubles, heart dis
efise, Indigestion, chest and lung trouble, consump
tion, nrOIH-lllliH, CUUtfllB, UIMUU, UBLIIUia, IBUIIIU, nil
diseiirUis of the blood, scrofula, syphilis, diseases of m
nrlvute nature, gonorrhea, gleet, piles, tumors, can
cer, ealti'heum. rheumatism, paralysis, all skin dis
eases, coslivencss, dyspepsia, neuralgia, deafness,
baldness, sore eyes, eruptions, tapeworm, fits, malaria,
and diseases of the generative organs.no matter of
how long standing. If vou have failed to get cured
elsewhere uonoc despair, Dtu giveLcn wtnuacau
and have a chat with him, which is strictly confident
ttal. Consultation examination free. Onlyasmal
sum for remedies. Thousands have been cured of dif
ferent diseases by Lee Wing remedies. Many testi
monials can be found and seen at his office, or Denver
papers. aaaress, .. '
543 Larimer St.. Denver. Colo.
Enclose stamp tor reply.
MBS? i'RUBS MAPEt
' P'f&Wi f KtTBK ! mitH WW KKmiMbM,
VodItOi.'M ik Ki.ontrTIU!S8inVV.,iJ
VF' m. JIVrrfM liliTA! SKIliRlviBg f kktantRiuSI
laninl S.i,n,l, CUKK. nrn wllh Kue&Coa
irl nlKM and Any. TM, Spk Invention combino Seleoc, Dim
,1'illly, Pow.r. Hold alilctl, oo Mt-rit. IVI,, S8.4SS. lllusn
lWlr. ( SAN0. SK IMNEff Bl OCK .BEHWf "l
Beware of Imita, 'ons.
7 TTHE GENUINE
Smith & Wesson Revolvers
CONVENIENCE III LOADING.
Beware of cheap iron imitationt
Sent! br Illustrated Catalogue and Price List to
BMITII Si WEfSSON. Springfield, Diana.
(tjCT mi land
We will pay Hotel bills,
unuroaa tares to
opium Hot springs
And Charge no Fee
For nny case we fall to cure of what is common
ly called tbe "OPIUM HABIT," which In
cludes the habitual use of Opium, Morphine,
Cocaine, and other kindred narcotics. Address
HAPLEW00D INSTITUTE, HOT SPBINQS, ASK.
to weak nen
Bnfferisg from the effects of youthful errors; ssxly
decay, wasting weakness, lost manhood, etc. I will
send a valuable treatise (sealed) containing full
particulars for home cure. FREE of charge. A
splendid iredlcal work ; should bo read by ercry
mas who Is nervous and debilitated. Address,
rrof. r. c rowum, noodus, comu
Health is Wealth!
Dr. E. West's Nerve and Bralu Treatment, a
guaranteed specific for hysteria, dizziness, con
vulsions, fits, nervous neuralgia, headache, ner
vous prostration caused by the use of alcohol or
tobacco, wakefulness, mental depression, soft
ening of the brain resulting in insanity and
leading to misery, decay and death, prematura
old sko, barreuneis, loss of power In either sex,
involuntary lasses and spermatorrhoea caused
by over exertion of the bralu, sea-abuse or over
indulgence. Each box contains oue month's
treatment; II a box or six boxes for (6, sent by
mull prupuiu uu recpipt oi price.
WE GUARANTEE SIX BOXES
To cure any case. With each order received by
as for six boxes, accompanied with 5, we will
send the purchaser oar written guarantee to re
fund the money if the treatment does not effect
cure. Guarantees issued only by A. 0. Ireland,
jr., ufuggisb, suie agent, huu re, n, ss.
Nearer all Eastern
.jkiUVniMlliT III 'II" i'MSL
arkets than California,
The canal system of the. TECOS IRRIGATION AD IMPROVEMENT COMPANY covers 300,000 acres of MAGNIFICENT. LAND In this MATCHLESS LOCALITY,
enterahle at the Government price, of -
$1.25 ONE DOLLAR AND TWENTY-FIVE CENTS PER ACRE !
Tho land Is all PUBLIC DOMAIN and
In fact It Is a Uine-stone region
No snows; no Northers; no
EHT under the Jeert Act, Timher Culture, Pre-emption or Ilomestea'! Laws. The soil is a rich, chocolate-colored, sandy loam, from six to twenty leet deep, nndcrlaid by lime-stone,
UNSURPASSED IN RICHNESS by the famous Cumberland Valley. With an altitude of 3.500 feet ahove sea level, It has A CLIMATE "WONDERFULLY EQUABLE AND HEALTHY I
iampiiKss; no malaria; no consumption I PURE, and ABUNDANT WATER; so 1 hero produces five cuttings of alfalfa tho ear, and two crops of (Train; wheat, oats and barley boins; harvested in June and corn then planted
n the same land bung cut In the Autumn. For further particulars, address. "THE PECOS sRHICATIOM AND IMPROVEMENT COMPANY," Eddy, Eddy County, NW Mexico.
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