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Santa Fe daily New Mexican. [volume] (Santa Fe, N.M.) 1885-1897, September 16, 1895, Image 1

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NO 174
Auspicious Opening of the
4th Annual Irrigation
Congress at Albuquer-
que To-day.
Deeply Interesting Opening Ad
dress of William E. Smythe,
Chairman of the National
Executive Committee.
The Vitally Important Subject of Ir
ligation Exhaustively Discussed
in All Its Phases Arid Amer
ica the Hope of the Home
less Resources and
Prospects of Sew
Albuquerque, N. M., Sept. 16. The 1th
national irrigation congress opened here
to-day with a large attendance, Kansas,
Nebraska, Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado,
Utah, California and Arizona being rep
resented. Delegates are also present
from Mexico and Canada,
W. E. Smythe, chairman of the national
execntive committee, addressed the con
vention as follows:
Since we lust assembled, the irrigation
movements of KanBas, Nebraska and
and Texas hare triumphed in effective
legislation. It means a new Kansas, a
new Nebraska, and a new Texas.
The passage by congress in August,
1804, of n law granting a million aores of
arid public lands to each of the desert
states called for the enactment of sup
plementary legislation and furnished the
oooasion for a vigorous campaign before
the legislatnrea of eight states.
Wyoming, Colorado, Idaho, Montana,
Washington and Nevada aocepted
anil all except Nevada provided appro
priations aud administrative machinery to
render the grants immediately operative.
But in spite of all that has been ac
complished, difficulties have arisen in the
practicnl'application of the Carey law.
While it was evidently the desire of
congress to have these lands reclaimed
and settled under state auspices, the law
has apparently failed to confer the neces
sary power upon the states.
One of the moat encouraging develop
ments of the past year was the action of
Secretary Smith, of the interior, and
Seoretary Morton, of the agricultural de
partment, in countenancing tiip forma
tion on the part of a number of special
ists in their respective bureaus of a body
known as tho "board of irrigationeAecu
tive department."
If the decision of Judge Boss, in the U.
8. district conrt at Los Angeles, to the
effect thac the Wright law is unconstitu
tional and that millions upon millions of
securities issned in compliance with its
provisions are invalid, be aocepted in
In II foroe and meaning, it is a oalamity
of the largest proportions. It remains
to be seen whether the U. 8. supreme
conrt will confirm
of Judge Ross. The best legal opinion
apparently believes it will. I believe I
express the sentiment not only of this
congress, but of the men of arid America,
throughout its length and breadth, when
I say that the holders of said securities
need not fear the loss of their invest
ments, whatever may be their final legal
"Since the adjournment of the Denver
convention the cause of irrigation has
been systematically presented to influen
tial men and newspapers and to the
public at large, in the great eastern
centers. The time is ripe for a vast
movement of population from the
crowded oenters throughout the world.
Colonization is the watohword of the
hour, not only here, but everywhere;
colonization from all the old oountriea to
the new is the prioe of domestio tranquili
ty aud national expansion.
Gov. Thornton delivered the address
of welcome on behalf of the people of
New Mexico. The governor said:
Mr. Chairman and Gentleman of the Irriga
tion Convention :
It is with great pleasure that I, as the
representative of the people of this ter
ritory, extend to you a hearty welcome.
I oonsider it a real honor to have the
pleasure of welooming to our midst so
respeotable and intelligent a body of
geatlemen; not only myself, but the peo
ple of this great territory, highly appre
ciate the honor of your presence upon
this oooasion; we fully realize the great
importance to the poople, not only of
New Mexico, but of the entire arid region,
in the consideration of the subject under
discussion, and in the results of your de
liberations. No pains or labor will be spared to
tnnko your visit among us ao pleasant
that its remembrance will, in the future,
ever be associated with pleasing thoughts
And happy reminiscences.
We fully realize the great importauoe
of the subject of irrigation, and that our
future prosperity is to be measured to a
large extent by our ability to save and
conserve the flood waters of our. moun
tain streams, and to apply them to the
reclamation of the arid lands.
Realizing, as we do, the great im
portance of this tnbjoet, we feel greatly
honored that the place of meeting of the
fourth annual irrigation eongresa should
have been selected within our territory,
and proud to have with as, and to be af
forded the honor of entertaining, this
intelligent representative body, repre
senting, as it does, the brain, energy and
pluck that have obliterated the Ameriaan
desert from the maps of the world, and
Are fast changing its barren plains into
one of the moat fruitful and productive
regions, changing the desert into the oasis
aud the barren waste to the blooming
While I congratulate the people of this
territory upon the honor of having you
with us to-day, I feel that this eonven-
(ion and all those who are intereated in j
tbe cause of irrigation are to be equally
congratulated in the fortunate circum
stance that this beautiful city has Jseen
seleoted as the place of holding this
meeting; it is a fortunate and propitions
occurrence that nn irrigation congress
should be held here upon the banks of
the "American Nile," toaisouss the neces
sities for and the possible results of a
perfect system of irrigation.
Here you have before you a vivid objeot
lesson. Lowing through this valley, you
see the Rio Grande river, whose waters
are so rich with fertilizing matter that it
has acquired the name of the "American
Nile," it being asserted by many that it
is even richer in fertilizing matter than
the Nile itself,
Upon either side are situated beautiful
valleys and elevated plateaus, rich in
nutritions soil, well adapted to irriga
tion, with an ever pervading sunshine
and a most salubrious climate, and yet
nine-tenths of the waters of this river are
flowing to waste through valleys and
plains, nineteen-twentieths of which are
nnqcoupied and unused, needing only the
intelligent application of water to trans
fer them from their present condition
into productive fields, making homes for
hundreds and thousands of our fellow
countrymen who are now homeless, eke
ing out a bare existence in the over
crowded cities of the more populous
What better or more forceful object
lesson could be fonnd, pregnant as it is
with the necessities for this oongress and
the vast importance of the subject before
you for consideration? Here nature has
placed in juxtaposition all the natural
elements required for a fruitful, prosper
ous country, a healthful, salubrious cli
mate, fertile plains, and an abundanoe of
water, needing only the intelligent appli
cation of the one to the other to change,
as if by magic, the desert waste into bear
ing vineyards, fruitful orchards, waiving
fields of wheat and com, the homes of a
happy, prosperous and contented com
The objeot lesson so forcibly presented
here is repeated in hundreds, yea thou
sands, ot localities throughout the aria
regions. Nature has been most bountiful
in supplying the natural elements, re
quired for the creation of prosperity and
the production of wealth, wanting only
the intelligent applioation of labor to in
sure the desired result.
May we not hope that the enterprise,
energy and industry, that have doue so
much in the past few years to change the
landscape by tho energetic applioation of
man's intelligence to nature's elements,
will oontiuue the eood work until the way
shall have been marked ont for the saving
of every drop of the flood waters of the
summer, and the snows of winter, and
their employment in producing food and
comfort for our fellowmen.
It has truly been said that "irrigation
is the touchstone of successful agricul
ture." In America, it is but in its infan
oy, and yet the development, which this
great soienoe is obtaining here, is one of
the marvels of the age.
It is eommauding the attention of the
best minds of the age; it is the outgrowth
of a necessity, brought abont by the cli
matio conditions of the great west, cou
pled with the fact, now being prominent
ly presented to the people of this coun
try, that the vast domain of a govern ment,
whioh u few years ago was considered
sufficient to furnish homesteads fof ages
to come, has so far as the temporal re
gions are concerned, been exhausted, and
the government has to-day no more home
steads to give except to the settler in the
arid region, where irrigation is a neces
Many of those whom 1 see before me
to-day are for the first time within the
limits of our territory, and doubtless feel
an interest in knowing some of its char
Experience has taught me how little is
known in the older states, and even in
our sister territories, of the extent and
diversity of New Mexico, her native
wealth, the oharaoter, life and habits of
her people, and I believe that this is a fit
oooasion to talk with you about New Mex
ico and her people; about what they have
accomplished in the past and what they
hope to accomplish in the future.
New Mexioo, though one of the oldest,
is one of the least known of all the terri
tories. In many respects its history is
unique. The Spanish conquestadores, in
their search for gold, silver and preoions
stones, traversed tho entire length of this
country as early as 1611, and were said to
have left two of their number, two Fran
oisoan monks, in the city of Santa Fe in
Within its territorial limits are to be
found three different orders of civiliza
tion, the oldest being that of the Pueblo
Indians, who occupy twenty-six different
villages within its borders, and who wore
found here cultivating the soil and lead
ing agricultnral lives when the territory
was first visited; the second being the
civilization of the Spanish or Mexican
descendants of the original conquerors;
while the third is composed of the Ameri
can or Anglo-Saxon civilization, as rep
resented by the recent immigration from
the states,
It is aluq unique as, while being the
oldest of ajl the territories, we hope that,
in the early future, it will be the young
est of all the states. It has a vast do
main, having an average breadth of 826
miles, a length upon its eastern border of
846 miles, and upon its western border of
890 miles. It is only exceeded in area by
three states, Texas. California and Mon
tana. .' "
Of this vast domain, it is estimated that
the land grants cover over 19,180,884
aores; the Atlantic & Faoifio railroad
grant, 2,849,880; Indian reservations, 2,
882,206; military reservations, 184,962;
government land entered, 2,908,982; total,
27,406,868, leaving as public lands and
now available for entry under the home
stead, desert land, preemption and min
eral laws of the United States, 61,876,442
No state or territory in the Union
possesses more natural undeveloped re
sources. Within our mountains is fonnd
a greater variety of useful minerals, pre
oions and industrial, than is found in any
other state or territory.
This territory possesses superior ad
vantages in water, soil and sunshine; it is
the Sanitarium of the invalid; its con
tinual sunshine, bracing, health giving
breezes have added years to the life of many
an affloted person, who oamehere in search
of health. It possesses a diversity of soil
found in few states In the Union; is
rioh in all the fertilizing qualities re
quired for the growth of farm prodncts,
f mite and vines.
I have not time upon this oooasion to
do more than give a passing mention of
some of the most important industries
of the territory, and to refer briefly to a
few of themauy inducements offered for the
immigrant. New Mexioo is traversed from
north to south by the great Rocky moun
tain range, which near its northern boun
dary seems to have been split in twain,
one portion extending down upon the
western side of the Rio Qrande through
the counties of Rio Arriba, Bernalillo, So
corro, Sierra and Qraat; the other lying
east of the Rio Grande and extending
through the counties of Colfax, Taos,
Santa Fe, Bernalillo, Socorro, Valencia,
Lincoln and Dona Ana. Large portions of
these mountain ranges are oovered with a
heavy growth of timber, pine, spruoe,
oedar and pinon, which exist in large
bodies, while the quaking asp, cotton
wood, maple and oak are found in differ
ent localities.
Humbolt, the great geologist, who is
said to have read natnre as other men
read books, once deolared that the wealth
of the world would some day be fonnd in
the mountains of Arizona and New Mex
ioo. The result of recent " istigation
tends to prove the truth ui this assertion,
for almost etery poHk of the great
mountain range has been fonnd to be
rioh in mineral wealth.
The gold, silver and lead mines fonnd
at White Oaks and on the Kio Bonito, in
Lincoln connty; at Los Cerrillos, Dolores,
San Pedro and other points in Santa Fe
oonnty; in the Black Range, Magdalena
and the Socorro mountains in Socorro
county; at Kingston, Hillsboro, Lake
Valley and other points in Sierra oonnty;
at Cook's Peak, Silver City, Pinos Altos,
Central City aud a dozen other camps in
Grant county; at Azteo, the Moreno valley
and other points in Colfax coui.ty, and in
the Organ and Gold Hill camps of
Dona Ana county, all well known
throughout the territory, whioh have
been for years past and are now large
producers of wealth, and the re
cent discoveries at Goohiti in Bernalillo
county, attest to the riohness of the pre
oions metals fonnd in New Mexico. They
are now, and have been for years past,
known to contain large deposits of these
But, great as is the wealth of this terri
tory in preoions minerals, it is believed
that they do not compare in extent, va
riety and riohness to the industrial min
erals and precious stones, of which com
paratively little is known, and it is pre
dicted that in the near futnre these in
dustrial minerals will famish employ
ment for large numbers of the unem
ployed, and yield results more profitable
And vastly superiorto those now obtained
from mining the precious metals.
Chief among the indnstrial minerals
will be classed the great deposits of bitu
minous and anthracite coal found in
various localities throughout the territory
of New Mexico. Bituminous coal is
found in large bodies iu the oounties of
Colfax, San Juan, Rio Arriba, Santa Fe,
Bernalillo, Valenoia, Socorro, Lincoln
and Grant, while in the connty of Santa
Fe there is to be fonnd the only large
body of anthracite coal in the United
States west of the Allegheny mountains.
Gypsum is found in the southern por
tion of Santa Fe connty, and in several
other portions of New Mexioo large de
posits of this mineral are known to exist;
bnt probably the largest deposit known
in the world, and of the finest oharaoter,
is found on the San Augustin plains, In
the county of Dona Ana. The location
and condition of this deposit are unusual.
The San Augustin plain is about 100
miles in length, from north to south, aud
from thirty to sixty miles from east to
west. Near White Oaks, in Linooln coun
ty, in the midst of this plain, is the crater
of an ancient volcano, the lava from
which has flown in a southerly direotion
like a stream of water for a distance ot
sixty to seventy miles, varying in width
from a half to three miles. At the south
ern end of this stream of lava there is a
small stream of salt water flowing into a
salt lake, about one mile iu width and
one and a half miles in length. At the
southern end of this lake the bed of gyp
sum begins and extends in a southerly
direction down the oenter of the plain,
adjoining what appears to be an ancient
river bed, almost without a break for a
distance of fifty miles. This gypsum
bed varies from five to twenty miles in
width; it is granulated in oharaoter; white
as the driven snow, and ie piled upon the
plain like snowdrifts, requiring no labor
for handling or mining. I oan not more
accurately describe its appearance than
by comparing it to grannlated sugar. If
you should take granulated sugar in one
band aud the gypsum in the other, it
would be diffioult to tell' one from the
other by sight or touch. The body of
the gypsum stands from ten to forty feet
above the surrounding plain, and the lice
is as distinctly marked as the sands npou
the ocean beach. '
Immediately adjoining this extensive
bed of gypsum is a large deposit of car
bonate and sulphate of soda, being about
one mile in width and five miles in length.
Its depth ie unknown, At abont two to
four feet below the surface, water is en
countered, which is largely impregnated
with these minerals and .with chloride of
sodium. Experiments have been made
by driving down tubes to a depth of
some thirty feet below the surface with
out discovering any change iu. the char
acter of the deposit;
There is also a considerable deposit of
oarbonate of soda near Manznno, in the
county of Valenoia; near Wagon Mound,
in the oonnty of Mora, and at Ojo Cali
ente, in the oounty of Taos.
Kaolin and alum are also found to a
large extent and in large quantities in
the counties of Santa Fe, Grant and Rio
Arriba. Large deposits of sulphur are
found in the oounty of Grant ant) near
the Sulphur springs, in the county . of
Bernalilio; in the latter, the process of
depositing the sulphur ia going on, the
mineral ooming to the eurfaoe in the
form of vapors and orystaliiing when it
comes in oontaot with the oooler atmos
phere. .
No desoription of the mineral resources
of New Mexioo would be complete if it
did not include a passing oomment upon
the many varieties of preoions stones,
whioh are steadily rising in popular esti
mation and in production.
Traditionally, this territory has been
noted as having prodnoed some remark
able gems, and reoent developments are
proving the older records to have boe.n
oorreot. It is only recently that scien
tific research and skilled labor have been
directed to this purpose. The result is a
steady inorease of expert prospeoting
and development, whioh though only
fairly begun hove resulted in finding
many varieties of preoions and semi
precious gems, among whioh I shall in
olude the turquoise, emerald, Montana
sapphire, garnet, milk and fire opals,
periodots, and a great variety of fine
agates, besides petrified woods fit for in
laying mosaio work or jewelry.. Gold
and silver quartz, valuable for fine work
in jewelry, are produri'd from various
From the development and working
of these immense mineral resources, we
hope in the future to see a vast popula
tion the consumers of our farm products,
who will furnish a market for the
laborers in agriculture and irrigation.
Passing from the mineral resources of
the territory, I desire to call yonr atten
tion a few moments to the great
natural wealth of Men Mexico as an agri
cultural country. I have already called
yonr attention to the fact that New Mex
ico is crossed from north to sonth, upon
either side of the Rio Grande, by the
Rooky mountain range, which divides it
into four great basins or water sheds,
through which flow streams carrying
large bodies of water.
To these streams and adjacent plains,
we must look for the agricultural pros
perity of the future, for rich as are the
mineral resources of our mountains, it is
not to them that we must look for our
greatest prosperity. The future pros
perity of the territory and its ability to
support ". dense population depend
largely Upon the extent to whioh irriga
tion may be successfully carried, for, as
a general proposition, orops can not be
grown aud matured here without irriga
tion, or the artificial application of water.
New Mexico has been known in the
past as a pastoral oonntry, large areas,
consisting of extensive mesas or plains,
bottom lands and mountain valleys, oov
ered with rich, nutritious grasses princi
pally the black and white gramma, which
grow naturally without irrigation, cure
in the sunshine and
for the great herds of sheep and cattle,
whioh in the past have been the principal
resources of our farmers and stock grow
ers. The cattle industry of New Mexioo
is greater than that of any other territory,
and the last census shows New Mexico to
rank as the fifth state in the number of
her sheep and the seventh in the value of
her wool.
Valuable as are these natural grasses,
however, as an aid to agriculture, they
are, owing to the small rainfall, so limit
ed in quantity as to be insufficient to
support more than a sparsely settled com
munity, bo that I repeat again the state
ment that the future prosperity of the
territory depends upon the extent to
whioh irrigation may be successfully car
ried. The efforts of the past show the
wonderful productiveness of tlie soil after
reclamation, and present effects are
proving the large aoreage susceptible of
reclamation by irrigation at very small
expenditure of capital.
Many persons, uufamiliar with this
mode of agriculture, fail to realize its
advantages. Those of us who have been
reared in the Mississippi valley, the most
fruitful and the largest body of arabloland
in the world where crops are raised with
out irrigation, have had no oooasion to
to study the advantages and disadvant
ages of artificial agriculture, and few
realize the extent to whioh irrigation has
been carried in the past. Two-thirds of
the food supply of the world is prodnoed
in arid regions by the use of irigation.
The densely populated regions of Persia,
China, East India and Japan depend al
most solely .on irrigation for their food
supply, having a rainfall less than that of
the arid regions of America. Japan con
tains 23,000,000 aores of arble land, which
support eight persons to the aore with
orops grown solely by irrigation. Irriga
tion is no new art or reoent disoovery; the
past is replete with instances of its suc
cess, Babylon, Tryre and Carthage, quean
cities of the past, were all desert born.
Their grandener and worth were all drawn
from the canals and ditohes that watered
the land surrounding them. The lilies
that grew in the world famed gardens of
Babylon were the result of artificial irri
gation. The greatest monment of the
people, who reared these fubulous trade
oenters, are their ruined works fashioned
for the preservation and distribution of
the water. Of the great oity of Cathage
not a stone remains, but the magnificent
aoqueduots that suppled her water still
exist and water the oity of Tunis.
With a soil as rioh as is found in any
portion of the world, adapted to the
growth of every variety of grain, veget
able, vine and fruit produced in the tem
perate zone, a climate unsurpassed, it
wonld seem that the American desert
might, with euflioent capital and effort
for the saving and utilizing of the flood
waters of summer and the melted snows
of winter, be, in time, made the garden
of America, the home of a larger popula
tion than now inhabits the fertile valley
of the Mississippi and its tributary
streams. Unfortunately, the policy of
the government has, to a certain extent,
retarded the reclamation of the arid pub
lic lands and prevented the development
of the regions requiring large expendit
ures for reclamation.
Our publio land laws were not framed
to meet conditions such as exist here.
They were framed to suit the conditions
existing in the eastern states, where the
rainfall was sufficient to produoe orops
without irrigation, and where every home
steader was dependent upon his own ef
forts to open and develop his holdings.
Here it is different.
In every part of the territory, the peo
ple are alive to the neoessity of irrigation,
and are either completing irrigation sys
tems begun in the ast, or are entering
upon new enterprises. In the extreme
northwest, in the county ot sanjuan,
whioh is the only looality in the territory
where the water supply largely exoeeds
the land to be irrigated, four extensive
enterprises are in the course of comple
tion. The waters of the San Juan, Ani
mas and La Plata rivers are being taken
out and oarried upon the adjacent plains.
Four hundred miles of ditches have al
ready been oompleted, and it is estimated
that it will oover zzo,uuu aores ot land, oi
whioh from 60,000 to 80,000 aores are now
nnder cultivation. During the past year
one extensive reservoir has been oom
pleted at Santa Fe, and a still larger one
is in the oonrse of construction.
In the Mimbres valley and at Deming,
iu Grant county, valuable additions are
being made to a system of irrigation,
already in the course of completion;
while along the Rio Grando, in the ooun
ties of Rio Arriba, Bernalillo, Valencia,
Sooorro and Dona Ana, there are several
extensive enterprises looking to the stor
age and preservation at several points of
tho vast nooci watera tnat now annuany
flow to waste down theso streams. The
successful completion of these enterprises
will place under cultivation more than
three times the quantity of land now be
ing cultivated in that valley.
Upon the Canadian river, at the Bell
ranch in San Miguel county, an enter
prise has been undertaken that will re
claim about 40,000 acres ot land. The
owners of the Maxwell land grant, in the
oouuty of Colfax, have completed their
system of irrigation, whereby they save
the waters of the Cimarron, Ciinarrnnui to,
Continued on Fourth Page.
Six Women and a Child Cremated on
Board the Ionia Deserted In
a Cowardly Manner.
London, Sept. 16. A fire broke out on
the steamer Ionia, from Edinbnrg to
London, to day. The flames spread with
so much rapidity that, before aid reached
the vessel, six passengers and the
stewardess were burned to death. The
fire was put out after four hours' hard
London. The fire broke out In the
forward part of the Ionia. The pas
sengers were aroused and it was sup
posed that all escaped from the burning
There was no wind and the sea was
perfectly smooth. Suddenly it was dis
covered that some women and children
were missing. The stewardess re entered
the bqrning cabin to try to rescue these
and sue also perished.
; if was not until three compartments
nad burned that it beoame possible to
enter the cabin where were discovered the
charred remains of six women and one
Some passengers allege that the male
passengers acted in a oowardly manner,
see king first their own safety instead of
assisting the women and children into
the boats.
Murderess Executed.
Vanoouvor, B. C, Sept. 16. Minnie
Dean, condemned to death for the mur
der of the infants intrusted to her care,
has been executed in Invercargill,
Aucland, New Zealand. She protested
her innocence to the last.
Mrs. UerMe Mason Loved a full.
Blooded Hlckapoo Not Wisely
But Too Well.
Chicago, Sept. 16. Mrs. Johnnie S.
Parr, of Pittsburg, has with the aid of
the police found here to-day her daughter,
Mrs. Gertie Mason, who had eloped with
a full-blooded Kiokapoo, Indian, known
as Dr. Ben. Loveland.
Loveland is well known throughout
the west, where with a troupe of actors,
he advertises a patent medicine.
Mrs. Mason had been deserted here by
American Team Wins.
Philadelphia, Sept. 16. The interna
tional cricket match, between the Oxford
and Cambridge past and present and the
University of Pennsylvania past and
present teams, which began on Friday,
was finished this afternoon and was won
by the American team by 100 runs.
Old Hail Walsh, M ho Hhot Two Men
in Wj-oniinjc on Maturday, Resisted
Arrest with Fatal Results.
Sheridan, Wyo., Sept. 16. James Walsh,
who shot and killed H. N. Robiuson and
Herbert Lynville, on Saturday, iu a quar
rel over land ownership, was killed last
evening on William Timmin's ranch, near
Beaver Creek.
Sheriff Morris and his posse beat the
brush throughly along Big Goose creek,
where Walsh had taken refuge, and finally
scared him from oover. -
He ran through a corn field -with two
or three men in pursuit. He was asked
to surrender when the men caught up with
him, but, instead of complying, leveled
his gun at his pursuers. He was imme
diately shot and fell dead with three bul
lets in his body.
Francis Sehladler Hus F.nded His
I'reserllied Rest and Resumed
Business In Denver.
Denver, Sept. 16. The term of rest,
whioh Francis Sohladler, who claims that
he is the Messiah, prescribed for himself,
ended yesterday, and to-day he began to
receive the publio, at the residence of E.
L. Fox, in north Denver.
Crowds of lame and sick flocked to the
feet of the healer to receive treatment.
It is olaimed by Sohladler's friends that
a woman, suffering with stomaoh trouble
and given up to die by the dootors, began
to reoover after a visit from Sohladler,
who told her she would be able to leave
her bed in two weeks.
Cheaper Than Ever Before.
On September 19, 20 and 21, the Santa
Fe route will plaoe on sale tickets to the
City of Mexioo and return at a rate of
Thirty-one Dollars and Seventy Cents
($31.70) for the round trip, tickets good
for return passage thirty days from date
of sale. Parties desiring to attend the
Irrigation Congress and Territorial Fair
at Albuquerque, will be allowed to stop
off at that point and start on any of the
above dates for the City of Mexioo. Call
on agents of the Santa Fe route for par
H. S. Lutz, Agent, Santa Fe, N. M.
E. Copland, G. A., El Paso, Texas.
Treasurer Jordan Haya Ho 'Has At
tended No Formal Conference
on the Subject.
New York, Sept. 16. Assistant Treas
urer Conrad N. Jordan says, in relation
to the printed story about a probable is
sue of government bonds: "I have been a
party to no disoassion on the subject
with Mr. Curtis or with anyone else, ex
cept iu an informal gossipy way, and
have not attended a formal - conferenoe.
A great many of our leading financiers,
inoluding J. Pierpont Morgan, do not
oonsider a new governmentloan advisable
at this time.
Board of Education.
The board of eduoation held a brief
session on Saturday evening. All mem
bers were present exoept Messrs. Richard
Gorman and 0. A, Spiess. Esquipula
Gonzales was employed as janitor of the
high school at $20 per month, and Jose
Martinez Padllla and Mrs. Maria Garcia
as janitor of the first and seoond wards
respectively at $16 each per month. The
resignation of Miss Mary C. Griswold as
a teacher was read, accepted and aotion
a to the vacancy . thns created deferred
nntil the next meeting. Mr. Miguel Gor
mau, school poll tax colleotor, was in
structed to begin actions at law Against
delinquents without further notioe. The
board then adjourned until Saturday
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report
11 C7
New York, Sept. 16. Money on call
nominally easy at 2 2V2 per oent; no
loans; lead, $3.25.
London. Consols, for money, 107 9-16;
account, 107.
Chicago. -Cattle, receipts, 24,000, in
cluding 2,600 Texano a-jd 10,000westerns;
market weak and generally 10 cents
lower; beeves, $3.40 $5.65; cows and
heifers, $1.40 $3.65; stookers and
feeders, $2.80 $1.00; Texas steers,
$2.75 $3.35; westerns, $2.90 $1.30.
Sheep reoeipts, 1,700; market steady.
Kansas City. Cattle receipts, 9,600;
shipments, 2,700; market to-day, weak
to 10 cents lower and very slow; native
steers, $2.65 $3.30; beef steers, $2.80 fc
$5.40; stookers and feeders, $2.55 $4.05;
bulls, $1.40 $2.50. Sheep reoeipts,
4,300; shipments, 800; market, slow and
steady; lambs, $3.60 & $5.00; muttons,
$2.50 $3.25.
Chicago. Wheat, September, 56JjJ ; De
cember, 68'. Corn, September, 8IJ4';
October, 30. Oats, September, 18;
October, 18, bid.
By lr. Price's Cream Jinking Powder.
Two signal triumphs have been achiev
ed by Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder.
First it received highest award and di
ploma at the World's Columbian Exposi
tion of 1893. Next it secured highest
award and gold medal at the California
Midwinter Fair of 1894. At both fairs it
surpassed all competitors in every re
spect. The award, in every instanoe, was
for strongest leavening power, perfeot
purity and general excellence. It was
sustained by the unanimous vote of the
Tho victory nt Chicago establishes the
supremacy of Dr. Price 8 as "The 1' ore-
moat Baking Powder 111 the world." The
triumph at San Francisco confirms and
emphasizes it.
Another Dividend Meelared.
Washington, Sept. 16. The comptroller
of the currency has declared a dividend
of 10 per oent in favor of the oreditors of
the Albuquerque National bank.
olrt for Kxport.
New York, Sept. 16. Crossman it Bros,
have engaged $1,000,000 in gold, at the
sub-treasury for export to morrow.
We have ladies' and gents' Mackintoshes,
good quality, at $5.50 each; the very best
at $8.50. Buy one now. Gusdorf k
Coke Workers Ordered to Strike.
Soottadale, Pa., Sept. 16. At a conven
tion of coke workers here to-day, it was
decided to order a strike nt once, until
the demand for an advance is granted by
the operators. If the order is obeyed, it
will effect abont 20,000 men.
John MoGullongh
Havana oigars at
Colorado saloon.
Big Advance in Leather and Mhoes
Another Squeeze of the Plain
Philadelphia, Sept. 16. The shoe and
leather trade has received notice of a still
further advance of 10 per cent in the
prioe of sole leather. This, with the ad
vances that have been made within the
last four months, has increased the price
in some kinds of leather over 100 per
oent, and for other grades 50 per cent.
Dealers generally agree that the maxi
mum of prices has not been reached, and
still further advanoes, whioh will event
ually bring the prices up to what they
were fifteen years ago, are expeoted.
A fair average of this advance is 36
oents a pair in women s shoes and 60
cents on men's, and about 20 oents on
children's. Some of the manufacturers
in this oity have been unable to keep up
with the advance, and have either closed
up temporarily or are doing but little
A number of jobbers have been noti
fied that the price will go up at least 10
per oent more by October 1. It is said
that the inorease in price has been made
by what is popularly known as the
"leather trust," whioh controls most of
the tanneries in the United States.
Threatening strikers.
Charleston, W. Vs., Sept. I6.r-An official
of Fayette county says that the striking
miners at Louis Creek will to-day at
temp to foroe tho miners in MoDonald's
mines on upper Top Creek to come out
Armed men are on guard at tnese mines.
New Blood
Ant Ufa have been given me by Hood'i
Barsaparilla, in place of Impurities, dis
ordered stomach and catarrh. I regard
Hood's Sarsaparilla
most excellent tonlo and heartily com
mend it to all." J. W. Johnson, City
Clerk, Oakesdale, Washington.
Hood's Pills sggr&r
Joe Morgan and Bill Williams in a
Shooting Match at CruOS
Saloon Eow at Mat'rii'.
A private letter from Las Cruces brings
word that the disgraceful political row
which has involved that community ever
since the last general election culminated
on Saturday night in a shooting sorape
between Joe Morgan and Bill Williams.
The latter is to-day nursing a badly shat
tered right arm, the result of one of Mor
gan's bullets, while Morgan has a flesh
wound in the nrm and side caused by
Williams' six-shooter. Williams is said
to have started the trouble.
Morgan is Judge A. B. Fall's brother-in-law.
Williams is a former U.S.depnty
marshal and is now a detective for the
Southeastern New Mexico Cattle associa
tion. Excitement runB high.
Wm. J. Phillips, late of Gallup, an em
ploye in the coal pits, was shot twice
through the thigh and hammered with the
butt end of a revolver by Robs Griffith at
the latter's saloon in Madrid on Saturday
Phillips is at St. Vincent hospital. He
claims that the assault was entirely un
provoked. He says he paid for beer in ;
Griffith's saloon, and afterward Griffith ,
treated him to the drinks and later de
manded pay for his treat, and when Phil
lips refused to put np the cash Griffith
fired upon him.
Ross Griffith, who was brought up from
Cerrillos by Sheriff Cnnuinirham this
morning, tells the Nkw Mexican that, in
the early part of the evening, Phillips
and two companions undertook to force
him to give them drinks without money.
Finally he made them leave his place.
About it o'clock the threo men undertook
to obtain liquor by attempting to break
into his cellar. He ordered them away
and two of the man stepped aside, but
Phillips picked up a rock and showed a
disposition to resist. Griffith then fired
his pistol at the man, and, thinking that
he had not hit him, then struck Phillips
across the face with his weapon. Griffith
says he only inflicted a slight flesh wound
in Phillips' leg by the Bhot, and that the
latter's most serious injury was caused
by the blow.
United In Marriage.
. At 8 o'clock this morning in the
cathedral in the presence of several hun
dredelatives and friends, Miss Juanita
Garoia and Mr. Adolfo P. Hill, oonnty
olerk, were united in the bonds of wed
lock. The ceremony that made these popular
young people husband and wife was iui
pressiviy performed by Father Fourchegu,
vioar general. Messrs. Pedro Delgado
and Page B. Otero and Misses Felipitn
Delgado and Lottie Perea stood up with
the happy couple. The musio on the oc
casion was grand.
After the ooremony Mr. and Mrs. Hill,
aooompanied by a number of relatives
and intimato friends, repaired to the
residence of Mr. and Mr9. Evaristo Lu-
cero, the latter being the bride's mother,
where an elegant breakfast was served.
This was followed by a reoeption, whioh
oontinued during the day. The New
Mexican tenders cordial congratulations.
The Wabash Railroad.
Commencing Sunday, September 8,
Wabash trains 4 and A, between St. Louis
and Kansas City, will have the follow
ing sleeping equipments:
No. 4, Kansas City to St. Louis, will
have one compartment sleeper to St.
Louis, and the Denver-St. Lonis through
No 6, St. Louis to Kansas City, will
have one compartment sleeper to Kansas
City and the Cinoinnati-KanBas City
through sleeper.-
The Denver-St. Louis sleepeer, west
bound, is oarried on Wabash train No. 1,
leaving St. Louis at 12:01 p. m. midnight, .
arriving in Denver at 7:25 o'clock on the
seoond morning.
lhe Kansas City-Cincinnati through
sleeper, east bound, runa on Wabaali
train 6, leaving Kansas City at 6:20 p. ui.,
arriving at St. Louis at 2:30 a. m. thenoe
via B. & C. S. W. train No. 4, arriving
Cincinnati 11:30 a. m.
C. S. Cbane, C. M. Hamphon,
G. P.JfcT. A. N Commercial Agent,
St. Louis, Mo. 1025 17th St.,
Denver, Colo.
Dealer in
H ie heat t'aeh Prlree Paid for Heeend
Hand 'ooda.

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