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Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1890-1895, July 11, 1894, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020639/1894-07-11/ed-1/seq-1/

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The All Important Question
Now Being Asked.
The Situation in Birmingham
Without Material Change
Save That Trains Are Run
ning on All the Lines.
Debs and Others Arrested on In
dictments for Obstructing
United States Mails.
Backbone of the Strike Broken
In Cleveland, and All Quiet
at Chicago.
The local strike situation is decidedly en
couraging, and daily growing more so.
The utmost harmony prevails between the
railroad officials and conductors and engi
neers, and every road in the city is getting
out trains with ease and rapidity.
The all-absorbing-topic last night was,
“Will the labor».■ stMnqfw
go out?’’ 4,10 answer is as anxiously
awaite''nere 88 there, and will be known
^i/after the Age-Herald has gone to
and been tent out to the thousands
vim anxiously await its coming. The
|||H walk-out is looked lor at 7 o’clock this
The news from Chicago, Cleveland and
^ other points, as received last night, tended
K to place confidence in the breasts ol all who
■F were allowed the privilege ol hearing it.
B Prominent railroad engineers say they
^R have no grievances and will not be ordered
Hi out, and thus it can plainly be seen that
trains will move so long as competent men
can be lound to fire the engines.
__ No disturbances ol any kind occurred
_^ydsterday or last night.
Today the Alabama Great Southern is in
better condition with regard to the running
ol trains than it has been Bince tbe big
strike took effect here. Allot the passen
ger trains have been running and nearly
on lime. Little trouble has been expe
rienced with the engineers, although, it is
said, one or two refused to go with any odb
but a brotherhood fireman. New firemen
are constantly being supplied, and as fast
ns a brotherhood man gets down a new
man or official takes his place. Freight
trains have been made up nud carried out
with regular crews, with the exception ol
firemen and brakeuien.
New firemen get up on the engines, and
negro brnkemeo in most instances go out
, with trains.
Four through freights were run yester
day, and as large a number as is necessary
for the hauling ot all freight on hand will
be run today.
Switching in the yards has been done by
officials and new men, who are being fast
secured. The yards last night were in
BjJicuuiu vuuuuiuu, auu mo ouiiouiug wao
done with comparative ease, although it
look the present crews somewhat longer to
do the same amount of work than it would
have taken an old experienced crew well
acquainted with the yards.
“How’s everyihingon the Kansas City
and the Central?’’ asked an Aqe-Hicrald
reporter of Superintendent B. E. McGuIrk
of the Kansas City, Memphis and Birming
ham yesterday afternoon , just after he had
come into the office Irom the yards, where
he had been at work ail day making up
outgoiug trains and doing switching gen
“My boy, everything is lovely and the
goose hangs high. We are getting along
in great shape over here and aie handling
freight right side up with care,’’was his
reply, which was set off by a smile of sat
“How are you getting along with freight
from here to Memphis?’ ’ w as another ques
tion put to him, to which be replied:
“JuBt as well as we can hope. We have
had out three freights already, and have
another made up and ready to go out. We
have bad one train iu from Memphis, and
will have more than that tomorrow if noth
ing happeus. We have had a considerable
amount of freight on hand today, aud a lot
of it was something to eat. We have had
no trouble in handling every pound offered
us. The Central has sent out one train, all
that the amount of freight on hand would
demand. ’ ’
Furthering the conversation it was
learned that very little difficulty was ex
perienced la getting crews to take out
trains aud more than several new yardmen
had been at work on the yards all day. The
Kansas City is in splendid shape, taking
into consideration all connections.
on the old reliable.
The Louisville and Nashville ran trains
of all kinds yesterday, just as if there never
had been aDy strike. All of their passen
ger trains went out on time, with possibly
one exception, and that delay was not
caused by any effect from the strike, aud
the passenger train department had not a
single ripple daring the entire day.
Bright aud early officials and new crews
were in the yards “hustling’’ cars to per
fection. The rush was kept up all day,
and although it tcok them a little louger
than it would a regular crew, when night
enme the yards were iu lairly good condi
During the day twenty-oue Ireight trains
were run over tho line, and more could
have been run had traffic demanded it.
In answer to a query by an Age-Herald
reporter put to Superintendent Newbold
he said: “ We are doing as well as we could
expect. Our men are doing well. ’ ’
Kota single thing has occurred on the
Georgia Pacific to indicate that a great
railroad strike is now on in this district.
Every train went and came on the notch,
and not a man (ailed to report when tho
caller went (or him.
WITH THE E. T., V. & G.
On this road trains of all classes have
been running with schedule regularity.
There was cot a bitch in the train move
ments on this road yesterday.
A crowd ot strikers and sympathizers
congregated on the Twenty-first street
bridge yesterday and jeered tbe engineers
and firemen ae they passed that point. A
company of troops was dispatched to tbe
scene and dispersed the crowd.
The crossings at Fourteenth and Eigh
teenth streets were blockaded in tbe fore
noon and were only cleared when the troopj
A large number of the soldiers sleep uu
der the union depot shed, there not being
enough teuts to accommodate all.
Tho boys are not complaining at their
treatment aud go about their duties in the
very best ot spirits. They are fed at the
union depot diniogroom and all Beem de
lighted with the faro they get.
Yesterday afternoon about thirty new
men were carried south on Alabama Great,
Southern No. 3. They were taken to Me
ridian, where some of them will be put'iu
the yards aud others scattered along the
line wherever they are needed. The body
was made up of firemen, switchmen and
brakemen, and came from Cincinnati and
Ludlow, Ky. A lot of new men were put
to work in tho Alabama Great Southern
yards yesterday, as was done in the yards
of the other roads.
Iu fact, hew men are being put to work
in ail tbe railroad transportation depart
The troops sent to Bloctoo Mouday after
noon returned to the city yesterday morn
ing, it being deemed unnecessary to keep
them there.
There wak some indignation manifested
at the presence of troops at that place, but
no demonstrations were made.
Dress parade was held yesterday after
noon at 5:30 on the vacaut lot between Sev
enteenth and Eighteenth streets and Ave
nue A and Powell avenue. Orders were
j-.-.-a in substance as follows:
Permission w,VJ h*- ,^««ri>ed any commis
sioned officer to leave camp between 3>.o.
m. and dress parade, unless such absence
would leave his command without a com
missioned officer. Two non-commissioned
officers and privates from each company
wiil be granted leaves of absence between 8
a. in and parade.
Order No. 3 revokes the order closing the
saloons, to take effect this morning, and
calls attention of the command to the stat
ute prohibiting any liquor dealer selling
liquor to aDy officer or man of the Alabama
state troops and prohibiting auy officer or
man in unifo.m from entering aDy barroom
or place where liquor ie sold.
Capt. W. J. Parkes, Second regiment, is
assigned to duty as guard iustructor; Capt.
Tom O. Smith asassistnntadjutant-general
cn Major-General Whiting’s staff; Capt.
W. A. Orr, Second regiment, commanding
officer of the camp; Capt. E. A. DeFuniak,
post quartermaster, and Capt. F. L. Dem
ere, post commissary.
Battalion commands are as follows:
First battalion, Captain McMullen, Com
pany I, First regiment; Second battalion,
Captain Dumont, Company F, First regi
ment; Third battalion, Captain McKleroy,
Company E, Second regiment.
The guard detail for today is as follows:
Camp officer of the day—Capt. W. H.
Harper, Company L, First regiment.
Officer of the guard—Lieut. W. A. John
son, Company L, First regiment.
Station officer of the day—Capt. U. P.
Stout, Company A, Second regiment.
Senior officer of the guard—Lieut. J. C.
Lanier, Company A, Second regiment.
Junior officer of the guard—Lieut. W. W.
The Montgomery Ureys were detailed to
guard the Alabama Great Southern shops
last Digbt.
Lieut.-Cols. S. T. Prince, chief of staff;
L. H. Kennedy, assistant quartermaster
general; D. K. Burgess, inspector-general,
and A. L. Lyons, chief of ordnance, left
yesterday for their homes in Mobile on in
definite leaves of absence. They are all on
Ma]or-G;neral Whiting’s staff and came
up with him Sunday night.
An Age-Herald reporter saw Mr. J. G.
Hardy last night on engine No. 319 in the
Louisville and Nashville yards, and when
asked regarding the reported strike, said:
“Of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire
men there is no strike. A man who gets
upon an engine simply because a brother
hood man, through sympathy, bad gotten
down off it is not a scab, nor can be be
considered such, for there is no strike
among the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Firemen. Some rumors have gotten out
that firemen who have been promoted be
cause of engineers quitting are scabbing.
That is not so, because the engineers have
not yet ordered any strike. Some of the
men who have gone out did so because they
were American Railway union men and
not through sympathy. I am secretary
of the local lodge, No. 339, and know waat
1 am talking about. ’ ’
Chicago, July 10.—Slowly, but steadily,
calmly, but as certaiuiy as befits the su
preme power of a great nation throughout
all that wide stretch of its domain wher
ever ill-disposed persons are taking ad
vantage of an exceptional industrial con
dition to incite violence and bloodshed, the
federal government is working to the ac
complishment of that for which Its power
was delegated to it by the preservation of
order and the safety of life and property.
At Chicago, in conjunction with the state
and municipality, it has already brought
peace out of the condition of war which
prevailed last week. At San Francisco,
Sacramento, Los Angeles and various
points in Colorado and Washington, where
the unruly are creating havoc, it has let
Ioobb the dogs of war in token of Its inten
tion to have peace, even if it has to fight
for it.
in this city the military army has ac
complished its purpose. Tbejudicial army
today took up the orderly course of Us du
tibs, which include the fixing on guilty
parties the measure ot the crime and fitting
ot the punishment thereto.
Tbe first step in this procedure was tbe
assembling ot the federal grand jury aod
the delivery of a charge to it by Judge
Urosscup not to be turned aside from an
exhaustive inquiry Into the question which
it has undertaken to pass upon by mere
The effectiveness of the charge was
evinced at the outset by the brusqneness
with which It swept aside tbe plea of
privacy and privilege which the Western
Union Telegraph company, with a dne re
gard for the privacy ot tbe messigeeof Its
clients, was forced to put in when the jury
called for the messages from President
Debs to the members of his order, which
had been transmitted over its lines. The
court held that public safety was para
mount to private right, and so ordered
that the dispatches be produced. That it
is the intention of the government not to
be too long about the work on hand was
shown from the fact that tbe footsteps of
the telegraph officials who brought tho
dispatches had scarcely ceased to echo
along tho corridor leading to the grand
jury room when that body filed into Judge
Urosscup’s court Hud announced that it
had found a true bill and indictment.
Pending the arrest ot the person thus
put under the b.iu of the law, his name re
mained locked in the breast of tbe lord
high executioner and the public was al
lowed to draw its own conclusions from all
the premises and such preliminary data as
it had at. hand. That President Debs was
the man none doubted, and subsequent de
velopments justified the surmise.
Touching the outlook for tbe future
outsidebf Chicago, it may be said that to
day 's dispatches were almost uniform in
tenor to the fact that normal conditions
had already been restored, or that they
were rapidly approacbiQg that slate, and
there seems no reason at this writing to
Buppose the progress toward a complete re
sumption of trade and traffic will meet
with uuy serious character as the coming
days shall succeed each other.
In other words it does not seem possible
with all the forces of law aod order as now
arrayed, but the leader by hia own defense
at the bar of justice, with their ranks be
ginning 10 oe oepieieu Dy ueseruuus, auu
with strains which have already endured,
that the American Railway union can rally
its forces for a struggle which must needs
be long and discouraging at the least. Ap
parently, therefore, their only hops of
triumph lies iu the aid which they hope to
get from uulon labor outside of their or
As this is being written the order for alt
classes of labor in Chicago to go on a
Btrike tomorrow is being promulgated, and
it is expected tbat the order of Grand Mis
ter Workman Sovereign of the Knights of
Labor, calling ou all members to strike
and all who sympathize with the Pullman
Bmttnwnil over tho country to come out
with them, will Iti'iow quickly. How
generally these orders will iitf js
problematical. To a good extent their effect-,
has been already discounted by the stagna
tion of business, and it is known tbat some
of the longest headed of the labor leaders
themselves believe tbat action haB been
postponed too loog to be fully effective.
At sunset tomorrow this nation will prob
ably know wbether tbe situation is one of
crisis or collapse.
Chicago, July 10.—The plan of the;
leaders for tomorrow is to call out first
all organized labor in Ckloago, and then to
proceed from town to town until the entire1,,
counlry is paralyzed or Pullman gives ink
The immediate effect on Chicago, if all
the trades obey the order to strike, will be
to throw from 50,000 or 100,000 persons out
of employment.
This afternoon E. M. Mulford, manager
of the Western Union Telegraph company,
was called before the federal grand jury to
produce telegrams seut by President Debs.
Ho refused on tbe ground that they were
privileged communications. He was noti
fied by Judge Grosscup to appear with the
telegrams. Ho again objected, and re
ferred the matter to the general attorney of
the company. The matter was under long
consideration, and the company’s attorney
sought on every legal provision at his com
mand to avoid the process on the same
point made by Manager Mulford, that the
communications were privileged, and in
tbe custody of the company as such.
juage urosscup's nonce was imperative,
however, with the word that unless the
telegrams were produced Manager Mul
ford would be sent to jail. Evasion being
impossible the telegrams were produced
in court at 3:39 p. m. The general attor
ney was in his office in New York, and the
consultation between the Western Union
officials was all by wire.
Chicago, July 10.—Eugene V. Debs,
Sresident of the American Hallway union;
eorge W. Howard, vice-president; Syl
vester Keliher, secretary; William M.
Rogers and J. S. Merwin were all indicted
this evening by the grand jury for con
spiracy to interfere with the United States
maild. Debs was arrested at the Leland
hotel at 5 o’clock, and Keliher at Ulich’s
hall a half hour later. The other three are
also believed to be under arrest. Bail was
fixed at flO,000 in each case. The penalty
is a fine of from flOOO to fl0,000.
Chicago, July 10.—The committee ap
pointed by the mass meeting of trades
unions held Sunday night to arrange for
the arbitration of the Pullman boycott,
failing to do which by 4 o’clock today a
general strike was to be ordered, reported
this afternoon that their efforts had failed,
and the trades’ unions were left to carry
out the decision of the meeting and declare
a general strike. The strikers declare that
the general strike will be deolared within
twenty-four hours, the strike involving
not less than 160,090 men.
The statements emanating from the Gen
eral Managers’ association announcing the
gradual resumption of through passenger
train service have evoked numerous in
quiries from the east as to whether these
conditions were being brought about by
the return of the strikers, by the securing
of new employes or by the aid of the gov
ernment. A categorical query on T,his
Solnt was submitted to the offioiais of. the
eneral Managers’ association, and the
following official reply was returned: “The
gradual resumption of through passenger
traillo, so far as Chicago is concerned, is
being effected with new employes and the
protection afforded to them by troops.
* ‘ We have enough men to run oar trains
if they were allowed without molestation,
and the partial tie-up has been doe
solely to the action of the mobs and riot
ers. The truth of this contention la dem
onstrated in the schedules showing tic
^[ContlnuedonFifthPageTl 1
Explains the Situation to the
He Tells What Martial Law Is
and Commends the Course
of President Cleveland.
An Aqe-Heraid reporter called on Uov
eruor Jones yesterday and asked him about
the situation, requesting him to give, if he
so desired, his reasons in lull for ordering
the troops here.
The governor said:
I have never known troops to be sent
to a place, uo matter how great the neces
sity, that some did not denounce the act.
I suppose there is no anarchist or anarchist
sympathizer in Chicago today who will not
tell you that the presence of the troops was
an insuit to law-abiding people. We are
hot taking the views of the lawless as to the
necessity for troops here. The wisdom of
ordering them here is appreciated by most
people in Birmingham, and has been in
dorsed by the people of Alabama witb an
intensity and earnestness seldom sur
Why were the troops ordered here?
A man must be blind to ask such a ques
These are times of passion and excite
ment. A gigantic effort to blockade not
only the railroads, but including a plan to
stop all industries and trades from work
until a local grievance between a car
builder and his employes in Chicago was
settled, had been in progress for weeks.
State after state in which this project has
been attempted had become the scene of
riot, bloodshed, incendiarism and insur
rection. The papers were tilled daily with
graphic accounts and details of these dis
turbances, and the people thus became, ns
it were, eye-witnesses to these constant
scenes of disorder. The actions and emo
tions of men under similar conditions are
almoBt invariably the same, especially
when they are animated by the Bums pur
poses and moving to accomplish the same
-common end. It was certain, when nearly
1601/t of our railroad men have become par
ticipants in the Pullman boycott, that
commotions and tumulls would arise,
which, if repressed at the outset,
would soon end in-Abe gravest disorder.
The situation, however, was com plicated
by the fact that we have ov'evr 1000 miners
still out of work on account ol'-u-siiiUe of
long duration, which bad reduced many of
them to great want. It is known to every
body that there is in this vicinity a large
element which the strikers themselves
admit they cannot control, and which took
advantage of the miners’ strike to inaugu
rate a reign of terror in Jefferson county.
That lawless element, in which I am glad
to believe there were comparatively few
strikers, bad in the past ninety days mur
dered men for daring to work, blown up
property with dynamite, applied the torch
to other property and finally devised and
begun to execute a plan to burn the bridges,
Bhoot the watchmen guarding them, and
eveu fire upon children.
If these crimes followed in the wake of
the miners’ strike, in which the railroads
were not involved, a greater impetus
to disorder, taking the shapo, first, of at
tacks upon railroad property, and then, as
certain as fate, broadening iuto other dep
redations, would be set in motion when
our railroad operatives here quit work,
and thus added to the perils ot the situa
tion, the excitement and passions of an
other strike.
In the midst of all this Birmingham was
suffering an era of secret meetings, where
agitators fanned passion and Ignorance to
aeeas or violence, in contempt oi law ana
authority, in spite of the dissent of con
servative men.
Did you see the railroad station last Sat
urday when the crowds of strikers and
their sympathizers took practical posses
sion of the passenger shed and roamed over
it at will, in spite of the efforts to keep it
clear? As late as 2 o’clock that night sev
eral hundred men were in the vicinity of
the depot, booting and jeering at men at
work, threatening them, etc. If a police
man had injured any of this crowd in his
efforts to disperse them or protect the men
at work, do you doubt what would have
happened? If the small police force of
eleven men, all the city has on duty at one
time, bad tried to disperse this crowd, does
any one doubt that they would have been
defied aud overpowered? If a conflict had
resulted, does any doubt tbat the crowd
would have been swelled to hundreds,who,
in the excitement and passions of the hour,
would have run rough shod over the law?
What adequate means had the civil power
here to cope with such disorder? Under
the conditions existing, even if it
had the power, the ordinary civil
posse could only succeed after great
bloodshed and riot. How long does
any sane man suppose the crowds could
have had their way about the stations with
out serious consequences resulting? The
crowd on Saturday night, if it had not been
denied access to the station on Sunday,
would have swelled to a thousand on Sun
day night, and kept on increasing as long
as an attempt was made to ran trains. If
this bad been allowed bow many working
men would have been beaten and stoned?
What power could have put a stop to it or
enforced the law? How many Pullman
cars would have been destroyed, and what
other property would have been burned in
consuming them? I concede the railroad
men would have refrained from doing these
things, for the vast majority of them are
honorable and law-abiding, and even con
trolled all their own men. This seems to
have been the case at Chicago, and yet care
were fired, tracks destroyed and property
burned by men whom nobody controlled.
Were the city, the railroads centering here
and the commerce of the whole state to be
left to the mercy of such crowds? Or must
life and property be destroyed
In the vain attemptjof an inadequate civil
poBse, without arms or effective organiza
tion, worn down by constant watchfulness
In guarding property, to cope with the
forces of lawlessness which surely
would have flocked here if the
crowds about the depot had long
been allowed to do as they pleased,
and those who flocked to the scene would
have begun to burn property and use
dynamite just as they did during the min
ing strike, where they could reach prop
erty not heavily guarded. Does any one
suppose that the spirit of rapine and plun
der thus aroused aud made fiercer by the
lack of restraint would have stopped at the
railroad property? If be does he has read
history and human nature in vain. The
situation was certainly one of peril and
required the promptest measures to
avert it. The troops were or
dered here after consultation with
many good citizens, but the responsibility
is mine, and I have no excuses to make for
it aud no regard for the opinions of men
who criticise the precautions which harm
no law-abiding citizens, aud which must
surely result in good.
Yes, some more troops came in today.
The amount of guArd duty which the troopr
may have to perform is great. There is
possibility of disorder at other points, ar
force enough has been concentrated here
deal with such lawlessness as may arise
not only here, butelsewhere. The author
ities have promised the fullest protection to
all citizens in the exercise of tneir rights,
and will spare no endeavor to be prepared
to make that promise good.
The talk about martial law is absurb.
The people who say so do not understand
the meaning of the term. Martial law is
the government 4>f a people according to
the arbitrary will of a inilitar>\cojnraander,
who is a law unto himself aud allows ifee^
people only such lights as he pleaBes.
When martial law prevails all other laws
are overthrown or modified as suits the
commander. Where martial law prevails
men may be arrested aud punished without
jury trial, or, for that matter, without in
vestigation. Business can be made to stop,
property be confiscated, and the law of
force reigns supreme. It defies courts and
legislatures and is the esseuce of despotism
and tyranny. Is this our situation here?
The civil authorities are supreme in Je 7*
ferson county. The courts are open, their
authority is respected, and in them every
citizen has redress for any wrong. The
writ of habeas corpus has not been sus
pended and cannot be. Indeed, I am here
fia thp hitrhpfif piuiI nlflrrtr nf Alabama, in
tbe discharge of my constitutional duty, to
see that the civil authorities aud the civil
law are respected.
But because the civil law is supreme it
does not follow that steps may not be
taken to preserve order in strict accordance
with the law which vary from the rales in
force when more peaceable conditions ob
The state has the same control over its
highways that a man has over his prem
ises. It may regulate them to Buit any ex
igency. It may prevent the doing ot any
thing which conduces to disorder. For in
stance, the prevention of assemblages on
streets and highways, or at other places
where they are likely to be a source of dis
order, is one of the oldest exercises of po
lice power.
In most large cities of the union, in times
of the profoundcst peace, no procession of
any sort is allowed unless a permit is first
obtained from the authorities, numerous
cities have their “pass on” ordinauces,
which prevent crowds of people from stop
ping or loitering on the streets. Our civil
laws, the execution of which is committed
to me ns the highest civil officer, expressly
providij'it/v.Uie broadest and most Btriogent
regulatioo of streeth aba'riit-ihTOjys. in the
discretion of civil and military .to,
meet any exigency at such limes ns these.
In dispersing crowds 'and regulating the
passage* and occupancy of streets the
troops here are simply executing plain and
well defined statutory powers, which were
cited in my late proclamation. It is fun
damental law that all of our rights must bo
so exercised as not to injure our neighbor,
and hence no citizen has an absolute right
to use tbe highway as he pleases, or to uso
them in times of commotion and disturb
ance as he has been accustomed to do in
calmer times. It is difficult to understand
why any good and law-abiding citizen
would object to these regulations, or have
so little knowledge of our institutions as to
claim that they infringed upiou his righto
as an American citizen.
Certainly the assemblage about the
troops and in places where collisions are
likely to occur involves the peoplo who do
so in great risk. The Hawes riot should be
a warning to all who are acting on the
theory of “innocent spectators.”
There are other matters besides the pas
sage and occupancy of the streets which
can be regulated whenever the state troops
are ordered out. This, however, is in pur
9UUUV/C ui piaiu, nttitut'Ji y jjiuyjoiuu, wim u
authorizes the closing of barrooms and
places where guns, ammunition or explo
sives are stored. The propriety of so do
ing, in times of great excitement, is recog
nized everywhere, and the law-making
power affirms its wisdom by the Btringent
statutes which it has passed on the subject.
Nothing has been done here except to
regulate the passage and occupancy of
streets and to forbid the 6ale ot liquor,
ammunition, etc. All this has been done
in the strictest subordination to the laws
of Alabama, and there is nothing in any
of these things which bears the slightest
semblance to martial law.
The authorities, under tbe powers vested
in them, can prevent any assemblage on
the streets, or persons passing on them
after a given hour, or passing beyond
given boundaries, and do many other
things, under the law, which have not
been done as yet.
There has been an earnest desire to pre
vent all possible inconvenience consistent
with tbe public good, and tbe men who
abject to these things are simply objecting
to the execution of the law of tbe land.
The statutes of thU state give ample power
bo do all needful things to preserve the
peace, and it is very foolish, when they are
exercised, to be talking about martial law.
So far from desiring to be harsh, I have
refrained from ordering the arrest of many
persons who have unconsciously subjected
themselves to tbe pains and penalties of
felony for refusiug to disperse when they
bad been ordered to do so.
“Governor,” queried tbe reporter, “you
have seen criticisms upon the president’s
tending federal troops to Chicago without
any request from Governor Altgeld, and
employing them in preserving the peace
there. Is that a violation of state’s rights
or otherwise liable to censure?’ ’
Said the governor: “There is no ques
tion of state rights involved. The most
itrict constructionist of the constitution
never claimed that the United States was
not sovereign as to all matters exor«ssly
delegated to it. The power to establish
post roads, to regulate commerce among
the states, and to establish courts of jus
tice, to administer the laws of the United
States and to use tbe army to execute them,
tre, by the constitution, affirmatively
granted to congress. The states thereby
surrendered their sovereignty as to these
matters to the government of the United
States. The president of the United
States has the constitutional
[Continued on Fourth Page. J
Is the Latest Acquisition to the
K| _
% nloe of Tennessee Declared
1 Entitled to the Seat.
Public Lands.
Washington, July 10.—The senate
spent three hours today in debate upon the
resolut ion offered Monday by the populist
senator from Kansas, Mr. Peffer, looking
to government control of interstate rail
roads, the regulation of their freight ana
passenger rates, the fixing of the wages of
jallroad employes, the acquisition and
o^yation, either by the federal govern
mentoTBj^fcpjtate governments, of all
the coal beds of theCW»*my, and to many
of the other peculiar ideas
party. As was expected the greareffl^PjfflH
strike at Chicago was the chief topic in th^^^^
debate. In a speech of over an hour and a
half Mr. Peffer stated the CRse from the
Debs or the strikers’ point of view, and
laid all the blame for the outbreak on Mr.
Pullman, whom be characterized as soul
less, conscienceless and tyrannical. '
The cause of law and order and of the
maintenance of free and unobstructed
xuiwwvxiaauw we-.. I>«U
championed by Messrs. Davis of Minne
sota and Gordon of Georgia, both of whom
denounced in eloquent and patriotic lan
guage the position taken by the Kansas
senator and the lawless aots of Debs and
his followers. :
A substitute for the Peffer resolution was
offered by Mr. Daniel of Vtrgiuia, uphold
ing and commending the official action of
the president and his cabinet, and then,
after some remarks by Mr. Daniel and by
Mr. Stewart of Nevada, the whole subject
went over until tomorrow.
In the last two| hours of the session the
postotlice appropriation bill and the bouse
bill for the admission of Utah as a state
wore passed, the former with very little
friction end the latter without any at all,
even without the yeas and nays being called
upon its passage. The senate then, at 5:45
p. m., adjourned until tomorrow.
Several private relief bills were passed,
and then Mr. Patterson called up the con
tested election case of Tbrcsbar vs. Enloe,
from the Eighth Tennessee district. The
resolutions declare Mr. Enloe entitled to
the seat. Mr. Patterson stated that the
majority of the committee were of the opiu
Tton that Mr. Enloe was elected by 110 votes
autA^ta^^^loidty that he was electecUu^^MM
tliirty-i^^^Hfc^_The resoiulhuj^J
agreed to without division. 111
Among the bills reported from commit
tee* was cue by Mr. Powers, republican,
of Vermont, from the committee on judi
ciary, which, he said, was intended only
“to improve the health and morals of the
members of the bouse.” [l^aughtar.] It
provided for the repeal of seotion 40, re
vised statutes, under which the sergeant
at-arms is deducting from the salaries of
members per diem for absences for other
reasons tbun sickness. A minority report" 4
Will also be tiled.
Mr. McKae, chairman of the committee
on public lands, called up the bill to re
Eeal the act exempting public lands in Ala
ama from the operation cf the law of 1883,
relating to mineral lands, and it was j
passed. ^k
According to the arrangement made by
him with the committee on rules, Mr. Me
ltae, chairman of the committee ou public
lauds, called up the bill reported from his
committee to amend the rnilroad land grant
forfeiture laws of September 29, 1890, by in
sertlng a substitute for section 1, greatly
extending me scope oi us operations. isy
the provisiotiB of the new net about 54,000,
COO acres of land would be forfeited auu
stored to the public domain. The bill was
discussed by Messrs. Mcliae, Boatner and
Cobb of Alabama, who favored its passage,
and by Messrs. Lacey of Iowa, Gear of
Iowa, Wilson of Washington and Her
mann, republican, of Oregon, who opposed
it. The bill was not disposed ol. Mr.
McRae had brought In and displayed on a
gigantic easel In the area fronting the
speaker’s desk a map showing the location
aud extent of the lands granted to the vari
ous lines of railways, earned and unearned.
Mr. McRae contended that the govern
ment had a right to forfeit such of these
lands as were unearned, and that such for
feiture was not a contravention to the de
cisions of the United States supreme court.
According to this map, the states of Iowa
and Minnesota have been given overwholly
to the land grant railroads.
After presenting the arguments in favor
of the bill, Mr. McRae presented a table
showing the estimated amount of land that
would be forfeited by the passage of the
bill, In which is embraced the following
Gulf and Ship Island, 652,£00 acres; Coosa
and Tennessee, 140,160; Coosa and Chatta
nooga, 14,000; Mobile and Girard, 651,264;
Sslma, Rome and Dalton,258,624; Atlantic,
Gulf and West India Transit. 676,000; Pen
sacola and Georgia, 679,6s0; Vicksburg,
Shreveportand Pacific, 364,800.
At 5:10 the house adjourned until tomor
row. _ _
Yesterday morning at 2 o’clock, sur
rounded by her stricken and sorrowing
children, Airs. Fannie Gelders passed from
mortality to immortality. For three scoro
years and three she had lived, and her old
age was crowned with the blessing of hav
ing reared a large and worthy family of
children, whose many friends in this and
neighboring cities will deeply sympathize
with them in their deep itHiction. The
end was not unexpected, as Airs. Gelders
had been in feeble health for some time.
The afflicted family consist! of Messrs.
Albert, Louis nad Isidore and Misses Ida
and Bertha Gelders and Mrs. Herman Low
entbal. The funeral notice will be found
elsewhere in these columns.
Washington, July 10.—The Benate has
confirmed the nominations of the follow
ing postmasters: William Graham,
Orange, Va., and F. D. Smith, Dothan,

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