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The Montgomery advertiser. [volume] (Montgomery, Ala.) 1885-1982, August 31, 1925, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020645/1925-08-31/ed-1/seq-4/

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Established 1828.
Conducted from 1865 to 1913, Forty-eight Years,
under the Editorship of
Entered nt Montgomery P. O. a« ■'r"nd.,£i*M
matter under Act of Congress of March 3,
FuU Report of
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitl'd, to
the use for republlcatlon of ail news d sp
credited to It or not otherwise credited In tms
paper, and also the local news published ne e
Per Annum.18 00 One Month.
Fix Months . 4 0(1 One Week .
Three Months. 2 15 Single Copies
2 tic
res Months. 2 16 Single Copies
Sunday Edition Only. Per Year.■ • •
By Carrier 20 cents Per week. 75 cents Per Mnn.n.
All communications should be addressed «n<l
ell money orders, checks, etc., made PA ,,
KELI.Y-SMITH CO.. Foreign Representative Lytton
Bldg.. Chicago—Marbrldge Bldg. New Tone.
Subscription Department—Phones
Ad Department—Phones S0M-M59. Advertising De
partment—Phone 3792. News Department—Phones
4008-40011. Social Department—Phones 30.1 .--LM.
Service Engraving Co—Phone 4073. Victor U. »«"■
son—rhone 3773. William T. Sheehan— t hnre ..6JH
K. F. Hudson——I'lione 3791. __
The invaluable Associated Press wires
bring us this tid-bit:
prediction that In the future men will
bedeck themselves in raiment more bril
liant ttvan women was made here by
Komain de Tirtoff Erte. late of Paris,
who is designing sets and costumes for
Holly wood moving picture studios.
Once the.step is taken, the designer
believes, men will wear vividly colored
garments gracefully, and the 4 1" 8fl
suit or shirt will hardly be noticed in
the street, while after dinner the eon
servativ* black evening clothes will
change to vie with the elaborate gowns
of the women.
As authority for the prediction, Erte
declared: "The male birds are plumed
much more gaily than the female. Male
animals are more beautiful coated—
the Indian squaw is drably clothed com
pared with the brightness of her mate's
feathers and blankets. And back in the
prehistoric ages the male dress was
more elaborate than that of the fe
•One likes to read a prophecy by a spe
cialist who sticks to the field of his spe
cialty. Erte is a specialist who endeavors
to forecast developments in his own field.
We believes he knows more about it than
we do, yet even we, in our ignorance of
fashion and its future, have fancied that
high colors for men are just around the
corner—unless all signs fail. We hope
the signs don’t fail us. Men need to wear
brighter clothes; they not only would look
better, but would feel better; they would
be gayer, and have more of an air about
rvn pcai-uv a* a --r>
all red-birds and all blue-birds; but no
guinea is distinguished, nor is any mocking
bird, nor any dominique rooster. We rare
ly see a distinguished-looking man except
on dress occasions; the ordinary business
garb of men is without sparkle and charm
and without the quality that lends distinc
tion In the study and proper application
of colors lies the way to individuality for
all men. And undoubtedly the present
tendency is toward brighter colors.
The mail brings us this timely and
thoughtful communication from a woman
farmer of Montgomery:
Please allow me space In your paper
for an often-heard complaint. Now that
Montgomery Is on a near boom and en
deavoring to favorably impress the tour
ist and homeseeker I would like to men
tion for myself and scores of others a
great shortcoming or oversight on the
part of our city fathers.
4.s we all know, Montgomery is the
capital of a large agricultural area, and
at this time of the year hundreds of
horses and mules are daily seen on the
streets bringing in the farmers' produce
for sale. The drinking fountains in the
city are so few and far between that
many of the farm animals go all day
without water until they reach home at
pight. I wish especially to call attention
to the need of a fountain in the city
where the Mount Meigs road enters on
■Houston street; hundreds of teams pass
there every day, coming in from the
country ; also at Oak Park where so much
construction work is constantly going
on, there is no place for teams to drink
nearer than down-town.
Now, what must these observing tour
ists and homeseekers, particularly the
prospeative farmers, think of our city
where there is no place to water their
stock when they drive in to market.
Aside from relieving thirsty and suf
fering mules and horses, it would be an
impressive advertisement for Montgom
ery to have it known that there were
plenty of free drinking fountains for
city and country teams.
This is a sharp reminder that the auto
mobile is not yet completely filling the
place once occupied by the horse. It Is
a reminder that we have not yet outgrown
the duty to give hetfd to the comfort of
animals—machinery has done much for
us, but it has not made us free of humane
obligations. We have not looked into our
drinking fountain resources, for like near
ly everybody else, our attention has been
distracted from them to automobile service
stations. But we dare say our correspon
dent is right; in any event, she is interest
Ty Cobb receives another installment of
his reward. He gets a check for $10,000,
plus a $1,000 grandfather clock, in honor
of his 20th year with the Tigers; he is ban
queted and applauded at an affair ar
ranged solely for his pleasure. It is but
another installment of his just reward;
other installments have come game by
game—frenzied applause, and an occasion
lift in salary.
Reward for what? Not merely for be
ing the geratest baseball player of all time,
we feel sure; that alone were sufficient
reason to give him a banquet and a checK
for $10,000; but we feel sure that the
grandfather clock was thrown in for an
other reason. That reason we presume to
guess at: Ty has been, or should have
been, fined in each of the cities of the
American League for fighting. In the
bleachers, particularly in Northern cities,
are always some who have never read
Owen Wister’s novel, “The Virginian,”
apd when addressing a certain class of re
marks to the “Georgia Peach” would for
get to smile.' Cobb made it a rule invari
ably to leave the gable and go into the,
bleachers after the forgetful fan and
thrash him. He made it unpopular for
f$ns\o insult ball-players during a game;
be improved the manner^ of spectators—
and now a token of appreciation is ten
dered him.
Agricultural people have always given
attention to the significance of harvest
time. Festivals and celebrations of the
Jewish people in Palestine, the American
Indians and of modern people are outward
evidences of emotions caused by the in
gathering of the crops of the year. In the
South the cotton picking and selling sea
son is still important, even in sections
where other products add to the income
that the staple product brings. No true
son of .he South is without a thrill of
pleasure at the sight of the pickers in the
field, the wagons laden with cotton en
route to the ginneries and the baled cotton
ready for market. Not a few are pleased
when the somewhat pungent odor of the
coal-tar covering of the “ties” on the
bales reaches the nostrils, for it is a re
minder that cotto.n is being marketed.
Cotton picking and selling affect the
whole of many Southern communities. Not
only is there generally a demand for all
available labor in picking the crop, but
ginneries, warehouses and compresses call
their crews in for a season’s labor. If the
crop is good and the price satisfactory,
the increase in the amount of circulating
money is noticeable, for not only will debts
be paid, but purchases of nearly all sorts
of commodities will be made. In recent
years a new commodity has felt the effect
of satisfactory cotton yields and condi
tions. The auto dealers of the South now
look forward to large sales to farmers
at cotton marketing time, and a large part
of the cotton money goes into the quick
moving vehicles that mean more of com
fort and pleasure than anything that has
ever come into the lives of those whose
isolation it diminishes.
This is the earliest cotton marketing
season Alabama has ever known. Never
has so large a portion of the crop been
gathered in August. Much of it is going
on the market, while an increased amount
is being handled cooperatively through the
Farm Bureau. Not less noteworthy than
the development of motor travel is the
growth of cooperative marketing. In the
cotton world the Farm Bureau marketing
undertakes several desirable improvements
but the one most noteworthy to a person
who knows very little about any sort of
marketing is the endeavor to bring about
what is called “orderly marketing.” This
term means that instead of the cotton
which is gathered within a four months’
period going on the market within the
same period, that It is to be marketed
more nearly within the time of its con
sumption, that is the full year. Many agri
cultural products must be hurried to mar
ket on account of their perishable na
ture, but no product, with the possible ex
ception of wool, is so easily kept without
deterioration as cotton. That the farmer
himself can store it until it is needed for
spinning at least with as great economy as
any one else, and that his doing this
through cooperation will produce better
prices and market conditions, is a theory
of the Farm Bureau, and so far its most
severe critic can find little to condemn
in the results.
The Montgomery territory and the en
tire state have much for which to be
grateful at this harvest period. The con
tinued success of the Farm Bureau is grat
ifying, for if it has done nothing else it
has demonstrated that the farmers are
thinking and planning for their own bet
terment. There are many evidences of an
increase in intelligent industry. Interest
in better seed, improved methods of tillage
and better treatment of soils through use
of home grown and commercial fertilizers
have marked the year’s farm program in
every part of Alabama. Our yields of
some products are short, but nowhere is
there a failure in cotton production, which
in the main is satisfactory. In Southern
Alabama gathering is well advanced. For
all these bounties we should be grateful
at this time of harvest.
William C. Stoddard, believed to be the
original Lincoln man, is dead at 90. A
dispatch states that he was the first edi
tor to suggest the rail-splitter for the
Presidency in 1*859, and in 1860 he be
came Lincoln’s private secretary, a posi
tion which he held for four years.
Stoddard was a country newspaper edi
tor. His paper at the time he met Lin
coln was the Central Illinois Gazette, pub
lished at Champagne. There he met the
rising politician and conceived so cor
dial an admiration for him that in April,
1859, he wrote a two-column editorial in
the Gazette urging the nomination of Lin
coln for President. Stoddard liked the
idea and kept hammering on it; he had
several editorials to the same purpose. No
doubt the editorial articles were effective
for Lincoln was nominated, and he showed
his appreciation of the editor’s support by
making him a member of his official fam
ily at Washington. Late in 1864, Stoddard
was appointed United States Marshal for
Arkansas, but soon after his health broke
down and he was expected to die, but he
managed to live to be 90.
Stoddard never became a famous man,
either as the editorial discoverer of Lin
coln or as an author, but he pursued his
literary tastes deiigently and published a
total of 100 books, many of which were of
special interest to children.
John Clayton, correspondent of an
American press service, sends a dispatch
from Berlin, the first paragraph of which
is as follows:
BKRLTN, Aug:. 29—Total disarmament
of Kurope under the auspices of the
League of Nations will follow the sign
ing of the security pact on behalf of
the German cabinet, I learn tonight from
the best informed sources.
“Total disarmament of Europe” is an
impressive phrase. Correspondents have
been waiting for seven years for the sit
uation to develop so that they could send
their papers a story beginning with that
phrase. All but Mr. Clayton are still
waiting, and the suspicion grows that he
has used it prematurely.
There is nothing short of a flood which
Alabama so much desires just now as a
good seasoning rain.
The Opelika Daily News states that
within a few days Lee county can—and
no doubt will—boast of a full time health
unit, “a most admirable acquisition.” The
News asks the people to give the health of
ficers the fullest cooperation, and adds:
We are going: forward steadily, and
this section, already God's richly blessed
country, is destined, to become even
greater in the eyes of man. All Alabama
will stand aghast in a few years, and
wonder “how it happened.”
The last few paydays of a vacation are
the hardest.
To paraphrase General Forrest pgain:
Those conquer who get there first with
the most gin.
Floridians wish they had a bigger state,
so they could accommodate the visitors ex
pected this winter.
Tonnage and Speed of
Freights Break Records
The railways of the country in May, as
statistics which have just become available
show, made three new high records in the
handling of freight trains. The average
freight train in that month contained more
cars than ever before, was heavier, including
the freight in it, than ever before, and was
moved more miles per hour than ever be
“The average gross tons per train—exclud
ing locomotive and tender but including cars
—in that month," says the Railway Age,
“was 1095. This figure exceeds any pre
viously reached in any month and the new
record was almost entirely due to the fact
that the average number of cars per train
was 44.0 which also exceeded the best pre
vious record of 43.8 which v%as made in Octo
ber, 1924. Although the average weight of
trains was greater than ever before, they
were moved an average of 12.2 miles an hour,
which exceeded the previous high record of
12 miles made in Aprfl.
“To get a good perspective on the progress
that is being made in efficiency these fig
ures may be compared with those for -May,
1920, five years before. In that month the
amount of freight business handled was
about the same as in May of this year, and
gross tons per train averaged 1,470, cars per
train 37.1 and speed 10.8 miles. Therefore,
the average weight of trains has increased
15.3 per cent, average cars per train 20 per
cent and average speed of trains 13 per cent.
The gross weight of a train multiplied by its
speed shows the average number of tons
hauled one mile each hour by the locomotive.
This figure for May, 1920, was 15,876, and for
May, 1925, it was 20,679, an increase of 24
per cent. This is a measure of both loco
motive efficiency and operating efficiency,
and the figures show that there have been
great increases both in the efficiency of
locomotives and in the way trains are han
dled between terminals.
“One thing which has increased the diffi
culty of securing good operating showings
has been the tendency of the average load
per car to decline. This has been partly
due to changes in the ratio of heavy loading
to light loading quantities. The figures here
tofore given regarding the weight of trains
include of course, the weight of cars as
well as the weight of the freight in them.
The average number of tons of freight car
ried in each loaded car in May, 1920, was 28.2,
while in May, 1925, it was only 26.9.
“In spite of this decrease in the average
load per car, however, the increase in the
a#t-rage numbers of cars handled in earn
train has been so great that, whereas the av
erage number of tons of freight in each
train in May, 1920, was 725, it had increased
in May, 1925, to 755. This increase in the
average tons of freight per train, together
with the increase in the average speed of
trains, resulted in an increase in the num
ber of tons of freight hauled one mile by
each train hourly from 7,830 in May, 1920, to
9,211 in May, 1925, or 17 1-2 per cent."
The Frontiersman’s Rifle
The rifle of Daniel Boone, Kit Carson,
David Crockett and the noted frontiersmen
of America's pioneer days was an extraor
dinary (run. Its mechanism was of a superb
art craft. The directness of its carrying
power was affected only by the marksman
ship of "the man behind the gun." There
have been many improvements in guns since
their day, but not in the effectiveness of its
bullets within the limit if its range.
The old frontiersman's rife was about five
feet long, with an octagonal barrel, rifled, or
grooved so that the projectile was given a
rotary motion in its flight that made it
overcome tile impediments usual to that of
a smooth bore gun. Its ball, or projectile,
was a large buck-shot, and the charge of
powder was small. A^long smooth hickory
ram rod carried in the ferrules of the under
side of the barrel, was employed to drive
the bullet down to the powder, which was
measured in a charge that gauged it with the
accuracy of a silversmith’s scales. The pow
der being poured into the barrel, (for all
guns then were muzzle loaders) a piece of
strong cotton fabric being greased from the
gun box was placed over the muzzle and
the hall forced into the barrel over it. The
redundant cloth was then cut, and the piece
in the muzzle surrounding the bullet was
called the patching. The ram rod w as used
to drive tikis bullet and patching down to
as close a contact with the powder as pos
gun. Its stock was made of selected tvell
seasoned hickory, or hardwood of equal dur
ability. The finish was most ornate, with
trimmings of gold and silver, and all was as
strongly connected as a solid piece, permit
ting no play of its parts.
There were many of these guns owned and
used by the pioneers of this section. It was
a classy weapon, and prized by Its owner as
highly and guarded as watchfully as the
true and tried lance of the knight. The old
hunters called their rifles by pet names, but
all recognized them as "trusty,” for long
experienced had shown how entirely depend
able they were.
These old rifles figured not only in the
Indian raids of the day, but In the shooting
matches so prevalent in the country. At
these shooting matches the natural instinct,
to bet, so keen in njost of the pioneers, of
which Andrew Jackson and David Crockett,
both of Tennessee, were no exceptions. Was
freely and ludicrously indulged. Judge
Longstreet, In his "Georgia Scenes," gives an
interesting 4 count of a typical shooting
match at which _ the sports gathered. At
these shooting matches it was usual to have
the prize, a beef, or a turkey, but there was
no restriction on side bets which were
freely hazarded.
It was the writer's good fortune, when
fourteen years of age, to come into posses
sion of one of the old fine octagonal rifled
barrel guns It was a beauty, and appre
ciated as our dearest treasure. Being some
what of a mechanical turn, we took this gun
to pieces and studied it as we should have a
book. We cleaned it often, and learned its
parts thoroughly from the- muzzle througli
the lock and hair trigger to the butt, capped
with a heavy brass mounting for the shoul
der. The gun itself was Invested with in
tense interest to us. It was at that time an
antique; its sharp crack was like the voice
of the past, for it was really an anachron
ism. However, it was In excellent form and
achieved marvelously. Imagination wove
tales about it as fabulous as those of the
Arabian Nights. It had belonged to a highly
respected, quaint and reticent representa
tive of that class of typical pioneers who
never married, but, without dependent,
roamed the country like a knight-errant aft
er adventures suited to his taste. Old age
had stilled his restlessness in a haven of
peace, plenty and contentment on a farm In
Southwest Georgia, owned by a friend to
the friendless. There he spent his last days
in the silence and solitude which his nature
craved. When the end came, his few ef
fects were sold at public outcry to defray
the expense of his last illness and burial.
Leaving home for college, I loaned the rifle
to a friend, and it was our misfortune never
to regain It, over which regret has always
been keenly felt.—Joseph A. Davis, In the
Albany Herald.
NIRVANA—This beautiful property is now
about to be thrown open to the public and
divided into building lots. For information
apply to Joseph P. Day, 67 Liberty. street.
—Great Neck Billboard.
South Carolina Journalist
on Journalism
Dr. W. W. Ball, dean of the School of
Journalism at the University of South Caro
lina, writes an interesting: letter on Jour
News and Courier, in which shrdadodadola
nalism to the editor of the Charleston News
and Courier, in which he says:
“If instead of one paper with a million
readers there were ten with a hundred thou
sand readers, we might leave the truth to
be fougl... out among the ten, but with a few
papers of huge circulations we have to
reckon with the fact that immense numbers
of readers never see more than one opinion
or the presentation of the facts. * • •
“Under the modern process the profession
of Journalism is constantly declining in num-"
bers and therefore offering fewer opportuni
ties and attractions to men of ability."
The quoted expressions are from “The Pub
lic Life," by J. A. Spender, distinguished
London journalist, and so far as metropoli
tan journalism is concerned, they are, of
course, true. The consolidation of newspa
pers in the great cities has been going on
steadily in late years, the cost of newspaper
production compelling it, and, indeed, it has
been going on in the little cities also.
“Facts,” Mr. Spender says, “are not the
simple things that unthinking people sup
pose them to be. They have innumerable
facets which may be seen from a dozen dif
ferent angles; perfectly honest statements of
the same events may lead to entirely differ
ent conclusions. Truth or the nearest ap
proach to it is reached through a variety of
statements correcting each other's bias. The
difficulty of the modern press is that this
variety of statement is more and more con
densed into a few typical products which
have the bias of the largest circulations. The
opinion given us is commercialized opin
ion, and there are not enough varieties of it
to enable us to be sure that the truth will s
Mr. Spender quotes Ernest Gruening as
describing journalism in America “as a
dwindling profession”—yet since 11*08, when
the first school was opened in the Unlversl
nallsm have been established by dozens.
They number in this country, between 150
and 200. There will be others.
What is to be done with the “journalists”
graduated from them? Engaged as I am in
the teaching of journalism, it is my business
as much as it is of another to inquire
whether or not the school of journalism has
a right to exist. That the number of news
papers is diminishing cannot be gainsaid.
Before and after the Confederate Avar.
Charleston usually had four or five morning
and afternoon newspapers and every “fa
cet” of opinion had its reflection. In the
present conditions only the cities of first
rani* can have more than one morning and
one afternoon newspaper.
So two questions are to be answered:
How are the people to get the truth?
What shall be done with the schools of
journalism and their graduates?
The first I do not try to answer. No one
would suggest that the one morning news
per in New* Orleans or in Cleveland is not
truthful. The difficulty is that no single
teller of a story can tell it tully. Every teller
of it has what Walter Lippman calls his
“stereotypes”; the truth emerges when two
or three tellers unfold their tales.
Relative accuracy in th* narration of
news of wide importance is partly insured by
such co-operative news gathering and dis
tributing agencies as the Associated Press,
because it serves widely scattered newspa
pers of all shades of political, economic and
religious opinion. Its impartiality may be
modified or distorted by editing—in many
Ways with which the newspaper man is fa
miliar. The news of a given territory will
manifestly go to the world in the colors in
which it is seen by the newspapers in con
trol of the territory. The press associations
at the'points of great news origination, such
as the national capital, are represented by
persons without local attachments and par
tisan bias.
As the United States is too big to have
national daily newspapers of the various sec
tions, or regions, speak the feeling or opin
ion of their respective localities. Opinion in
the United States is not subject to domina
tion by two or three or half a dozen news
papers as it is in Great Britain and France
lo domination by the press of London and
The modern daily, published in a large
community, is a vehicle of news and a car
rier of entertaining features, its older office
of speaking opinion having greatly declined.
The quality of the editorials has not de
clined. It has perhaps improved, but the
reader of today is offered five or ten times
as much of other matter as was offered fifty
years ago, largely through its news columns.
An attempt to answer the second question
will be made later. W. W. BALL.
Columbia, S. C.
Zurich’s Ancient Traditions
If one sets out from Basle, on the Khine,
a delightful railroad journey of less than
two hours, through a carefully cultivated
farmland region, takes one to Zurich, which,
with its 220,000 inhabitants, ranks as the
largest city of Switzerland, writes Marie
Widner in the August St. Nicholas. Here a
settlement of the lake-dwellers existed in
the earliest days. Its beauty may even then
have appealed to those primitive people.
Zurich today prides itself on Its two uni
versities and numerous other public and pri
vate institutions of learning. Enjoying ad
vantages, the people of Zurich are highly
educated, no matter what their vocation may
be. The city is prominent in the silk in
dustry, it has electric plants and manufac
tures machinery.
That this most progressive Swiss city still
cherishes ancient traditions may be seen
every year in April, when the exceedingly
picturesque custom known as the "Sechselau
ten" (the six-o’clock ringing-feast) is ob
served. This festival celebrates the passing
of winter and the arrival of spring. The ac
tual passing of winter1 takes place at the
striking of six o’clock in the evening, when
the bells ring for the working day to close.
In winter it does not end until seven o'clock.
A huge figure, known as the Boogg, made
of wood and covered with white cotton
wool, represents Winter. In consideration
of the fate to which It is destined in the eve- '
ning, it Is stuffed with fire-crackers and a
quantity of gunpowder.
The festivities begin in the early forenoon,
when a procession of over a thousand at
tractively drfssed school-children escorts
the triumphal float bearing the goddess of
Spring with her attendant maidens. At the
end of the cortege fellows Boogg, surrounded
by jeering, da licit*; clowns. The parade
winds its way along the river Limmat to the
head of the lake, where Boogg is left behind
on a spacious square, to be prepared for his
execution later in the day, while the youth
ful merrymakers continue on their way to
a morning ball in the “Tonhalle.”
Various guilds, in colorful costumes, unite
in a historical parade through the gaily dec
orated town in the afternoon, and as the
hour for the old-time ceremony approaches,
citizens and visitors congregate jn' great
masses around the scene of execution. Eire
is set to Boogg at the stroke of six; bonfires
flare up on the surrounding mountain
heights, and brilliant fireworks transform
the lake into a fairy-land. The tyranny of
Winter is vanquished, and the light-hearted
gaiety of Spring reigns supreme in every
The origin of the hot cross bun is attribu
ted to many sources. Some authorities as
sociate it with the offerings presented, in
ancient times, to the gods. One species of
sacred bread was called boun, and is de
scribed as a kind of cake with a representa
tion of two horns, apparently an offering
to the moon.
On the other hand, it Is held that "bun" is
from the French word "bugnc" applied to a
sort of fritter. Though the origin of the hot
cross bun was pagan, it soon became con
nected with the Christian religion.
Buns were apparently eaten on Good Fri
day. as one of the few allowable items of
fasting fare. They were also hung up as
talismans against evil, and were kept from
one Good Friday to another, being regarded
as a cure for various ailments.—London Tit
There is not a day that passes but that
one or more accidents occur between the
drivers of automobiles. There is a certain
class of persons who operate automobiles
who do so In a reckless manner, and some
drivers seem to have no regard for the rights
of others upon the highways of the land. Of
course, there are many accidents which are
unavoidable, but there are many each week
right around our door which might be pre
vented if everybody would bear in mind and
remember that “There are others."—LaFay
ette Sun.
Dr. Frank Crane
<IHt. FRANK CRANE I* writing exclu
sively—-In Alabama-— for The Montgomery
Advertiser and The Iliriniitghttm New*. Ar
ticles published under his name In any other
Alabama newspaper* are reprint matter from
f» to 112 years old. Most of Hr. Crane’s es
says appearing in other papers have ap
peared already at the time of their original
release year* ago. Only The Advertiser and
The Non* are printing the frrsh, previous
ly unpublished articles of Dr. Crane.)
★ * * .
A bolt of lightning some years ago, crashed
Into a deserted camp on the Mohawk river,
divided into two forks and left a train of
wreckage behid.
When the owner, a little man with a crip
pled body, a massive beard and an eternal
cigar in his mouth, heard of it he was de
Hurrying to the camp he examined pains
takingly every inch of the path of his de
structive visitor.
A mirror had been smashed into a thou
sand bits. He spent days fitting the pieces
From his investigation he learned much
that was of incalculable value to him.
The map was Charles Stelnmetz, “the wiz
ard of electricity,” who later made artifi
cial lightning do his bidding.
For years he had been studying the phe
nomenon of electrical discharges from the
sky. He had made himself a specialist in
this branch of electrical investigation. The
fortunate chance of a bolt striking his lone
ly summer camp, where everything remained
untouched for his examination, was a piece
of luck.
But that stroke of luck would have done
no good if he had not been prepared to
grasp it.
The same luck presented Itself to thou
sands of others who were impotent to take
advantage' of It.
Fortune may favor the bold, but it cer
tainly favors the prepared.
Many apples had fallen from trees before
Newton had his experience. It wasn’t the
apple fallig, it was Newton’s thinking that
discovered the law of gravity. Not what
went on outside his head, but what went on
inside made the experience a lucky one.
There is a story to the effect that syn
thetic chemists had worked for monttis in
an attempt to concoct a certain substance.
They were ready to give up in despair.
Some unknown element was needed.
As a last trial they put the mixture on
the fire again and told a new assistant to
keep stirring It. He picked up a nearby
thermometer instead of a ladle. The heat
broke the thermometer, and lo! the mercury
proved to be the needed element.
Success came in this strange freak of for
tune. But the thing to remember is that
they had been preparing up to that point
and were ready to take advantage of luck
when it came.
The most persuasive invitation to Lady
Fortune is “to get your house in order."
The sickness or death of superiors brings
sudden opeings for advacement. But they
are only for the men who have prepared
and can take advantage of/them.
Unusual openings for riches often appear
for those who have saved and are prepared
to invest.
Exactly the same thing may happen to a
dozen men. We refer to the one who is pre
pared to take advantage of it as the lucky
It is said that a ray of light passes ivisi
bly through space until it strikes some solid
Fortune, like a ray of UglU* is not seen
until it comes in contact with the man who
is prepared to take advantage of it.
Copyright. 1925, by the Wheeler Newspaper
An Experiment That Failed
A physiologist of Leland Stanford Uni
versity, after eight years of experimenting,
announces that meat eaters are stronger,
live longer and have more children than
We are- not .prepared to question the
statement further than to say that the ma
jority of meat eaters eat too much meat and
that persons afflicted with certain forms
of kidney trouble will live longer and get
along better if they subsist almost wholly
on a fruit or vegetable diet. Ask your doc
tor, and he will tell you that we ane right.
It was he who gave us the information.
The California physiologist has brought
out nothing new on the question of diet for
human beings, but his researches have de
veloped something that might aid in the war
on rats, if true.
The Californian used rats for his ex
periments. He divided them into two equal
groups, protein being included In the diet
given one group, but lacking in the diet
of the other.
The result was, according to the report,
that the rats deprived of meat lost about
one-third in weight, were much shorter
lived and had their progeny lessened about
30 per cent. But, best of all the professor
tells us that reproduction among the veg
etarian rats ceased after the third genera
We wish that we could accept the physi
ologists conclusions unreservedly as a state
ment of fact. We could then forget the
Pied Piper of Hamelin, feed our rats on a
non-protein diet, and after a reasonable
length of time be relieved altogether of
the expense necessary to the raising of
But wc fear that during the experimental
period the rats in some way deceived the
professor and led him into error. Itats are
notoriously sly creatures and habitually
practice deception.
- Anyone who has spent a few hours in the
vicinity of a corn crib or a granary will
tell you that some mighty fine specimens
of the Rodentia order are to be seen there
abouts. They live to a ripe old age, have
large families and seem to enjoy life to
the fullest.' And yet these rats do fiot know
the taste of meat.
You may lock your bacon and all your
protein foods in the refrigerator, but if you
will leave enough of the other foods where
the rats can gnaw them, the rodents will
last as long and multiply as rapidly as
We dislike to take issue wirtt a scientist,
who has spent eight years experimenting
with rats, but we have been fighting them
for half a century, and know that the pro
fessor is in error.—Memphis Commercial Ap
Pipe Smoking
Many a man as he affeotlonately Ajghts up
his ancient briar today will challenge the
Statement of M. B%Levlek in the New York
Sunday Times that'pipes seem to be threat
ened with extinction by the cigarette.
They will refer Mr. Levick to Newark, N.
J., where a recent survey showed the pipe
to be a favorite over both the cigar and cig
arette. They will refer him to the statement
of D. A. Schulte in the New Y'ork World'
"There has been a very great Increase in
the number of men pipe smokers. There was
a time when most of the exclusive New York
clubs did not allow pipes smoked on the
premises. Now the pipe is permitted in all
of them.” *
Pipe smoking is not likely to yield to a
habit which became popular with Western
people after the Crimean war. Pipe smokers
lived In Ohio, Tennessee* Virginia and Penn
sylvania in prehistoric times, to judge by
stone and clay pipes taken from Indian
mounds. The Dutch smoked beautiful pipes
In the sixteenth century. The pipe always
has represented amity and poise and altru
And if the pipe was popular back in the
days of the near-savage, when it was made
of a nut or shell bowl with a reed stem, how
much more'"popular should it be now when
the inventors of many centuries have been
working with it! One may get the pipe to
his liking today, from a new-fangled corn
cob to a split-stem French briar.
Pipe smoking a vanishing delight? Tell it
at Quantico!—Richmond News Leader.
The ambition of English florists is to grow
a blue carnation. The Incontestable fact
thntjln nature no such thing as a blue Tar
nation or a blue rose or a yellow sweet pea,
or a black tulip, occurs is no argument
against the florists' endeavor to produce
one of these unnatural flowers. If our gar
dens were only allowed to show such blooms
as irflfy be found In a state of nature they
would be miserably poorer. A wild rose is n
charming flower, but what reason Is there In
• an asceticism which would deity u.i ..
i and form r* M-'d-m- Jh-tena'
grnnee of General McArthur because these
I roses are unnatural, in-- product o* toe
1 ists' science?—London Telegraph.
The Passing Throng
Ilp«ry Allen To Handle
TaxeN for Property Owners
Henry C. Allen, for fifteen years with
the State Tax Commission of Alabama, and
generally known as one of the best equipped
tax men Jn the country, has gone into pri
vate business and will handle tax matters
for property owners. He has located in th*>
Martin building in Birmingham and will
specialize in state, county and city property
tax, corporation tax and license tax. Mr.
Allen has spent fifteen years on the side
of the state and now he \vill devote his
talents on the side of the property owner.
“I think there is a* great field of useful
ness in the work I have undertaken,” said
Mr. Allen. “Property owners are not al
ways adequately represented to take care
0^ their interests. They run up against ex
perts in every line. I am glad to say that
the business and property interests of Bir
mingham have given my project their o. k.
While I will make my headquarters in Bir
mingham. I will handle tax matters for cli
ents all over the state.”
Mr. Allen spent Sunday in Montgomery be
fore returning to Birmingham. He reports
that Birmingham is growing and the busi
ness establishments of Birmingham are lay
ing in big stocks getting ready for the
heavy business rush they expect the coming
❖ ❖ *
J. W. I.eMxiisfre Favors Continuation
Of Itond Construction in Stnte
J. W. LeMaiHtre, head of the Jackson Lum
ber company, with mills at Lockhart, member
of the state legislature and member of the
state forestry commision, spent Sunday in
Montgomery on his way back home from the
East, where he has been on a business trip.
Mr. LeMaistje reports an optimistic feeling
among business men of the East, and there
is a general sentiment that the coming fall
and winter are going to see a rush of busi
ness in nearly every line.
Mr. LeMaistre is heartily in favor of a
continuation of the road building program
in Alabama. Along this line, he says:
"I favor the $76,000,000 bond issue. Qf
course if the amendment is adopted it does
pot mean he $75,000,000 will be sold at once
or spent at once. The $75,000,000 is merely
the maximum which can be sold. It will
take several years to issue the bonds and
spend the money. Of course we would not
W'ant such a gigantic building program that
It would interfere with our labor conditions.
And I know' the highway authorities would
not proceed in this manner, but would spend
the money probaly from ten to fifteen mil
lion dollars per year. There is nothing like
good roads to upbuild a ^state. When we
build the roads tlie people will come here to
take advantage of them. They will adver
tise Alabama to the whole country as being
a progressive#state and will be the means of
bringing in millions of new' capital for the
development of our industries.
American Lumber Standard.*
Protect 300,000 Builders
Says a recent bulletin of the central com
mittee on lumber standards with headquar
ters in Washington: \
“Three hundred thousand of the 400,000
dwellings annually erefcted in the United
States are built of lumber, and the propor
tion appears to be increasing. At any rate
the absolute number of lumber built houses
grows yearly. Reports to the central com
mittee on lumber standards indicate that the
recent national standardization of lumber
through the general adoption of American
lumber standards is contributing influen
tially to ihe maintenance of lumber's po
sition as the leading home building material.
This is attributed to the assurance These
standards give to lumber consumers that
they will get lumber of the best utility for
customary construction uses, well manufac
tured and carefully graded.
“Satisfied customers are those who know
that they are getting what they specify.
Through American Standard Lumber the
lumber industry is providing those users
of lumber who buy discriminatingly with
full opportunity for lumber satisfaction.
Three or four hundred thousand home
builders can hardly be expected to be ex
pert lumber buyers, but if they insist that
their lumber shall be according to Ameri
can standards they will be certain of get
ting what they designate, and the local deal
er will be glad to advise them as to the
quality, sizes, dimensions and forms adapt
ed to their uses.
“In the past there were about thirty dif
ferent sets of lumber grading specifications
—at least- one for every important species
of commercial timber. Familiarity with one
set did not insure dependable knowledge of
others. Great confusion and much mis
understanding and disputation resulted. Now
the buyer has only to designate the species
he prefers for particular uses, knowing
that the same general grading size and rules
apply to all.”
* * *
Montgomery Newspaper Man
Like* Went Florida
“If I wanted to get rich quick, and were
told that I had to do it in Florida, I be
lieve I’d prefer to take my chances in
West Florida," said Grover Hall, associate
editor of The Advertiser, who, with his fam
ily. has returned from a vacation at Florosa
on Santa Rosa Sound.
“West Florida has a first rate agricul
tural soil. It will grow almost any of our
southern plants; all of our native food crops
flourish there. If you fail with a crop in
one season of the year you can plant again
— so they told mff and I believe It It !s
said to be a better farming section than the
Fast coast or £k>uth Florida. The climate
is moie equable, *oo. In South Florida 1 be
heat is extreme in the middle of the day,
pa-. e'ularly if the trtezes stop; but in West
Florida summers are milder—at least, that*
is what my West Florida friends say, and
they ought to know. Cold weather is not
unknow% in the winter in West Florida, as
in South Florida, but the winters usually
arc mild and inviting.
“I stopped at the Florosa Inn, a beautiful
new hotel near Camp Walton and Mary Es
ther. The owners of this hotel state that
they expect many guests this winter, and
they are looking forward to this. It is an
all-the-year-round hotel.
“The San Carlos at Pensacola was built
as a tourist hotel to appeal to winter trav
elers, but commercial patronage is so heavy
it is full all the time regardless of season,
and Pensacola needs a new hotel. The Gulf
Beach hotel, 18 miles from Pensacola is
going, I was told in Pensacola that it will
cost more than $2,000,000; it will be an all
the-year-round resort hotel.
“Pensacola is booming. Last week a tract
of 1,250 acres of undeveloped suburban prop
erty sold for more than $580,000; last Febru
ary it was bought for $62,000. This margin
of profit is believed to be a record for West
Florida, if not for the entire state.
“In West Florida an investor of moderate
means still has a chance.”
He was born in Virginia, was educated and
married in Georgia, went to the new state
of Washington when it was but a territory,
elected to Congress when the territory be
came a state, removed to Illinois, was there
elected governor, also to the United States
Senate. He is not so young as he used to be
but he yet lives. His name is James Ham-,
iltan Lewis, sometimes for short, called "Jim
He was here in Knoxville once upon a
time, and was seen by Knoxville people who
have not forgotten. When In the national
capital he was noted for his hirsute adorn
ments, for mellifluous voice, to behold and
to hear him was to enjoy a "feast of rea- *
son and the flow of soul." But Hon. James
Hamilton Lewis is older than he used to be,
and with the passing of years there comes
an accumulation of wisdom.
With party politics as at present consti
tuted he would say "a plague upon both your
houses." Using his own language he is
quoted as saying: "Only place and profit is
the object of candidates for office. Men no
longer respect the lessons of history nor
give regard to the personal righto of the
citizen." He says furtktr: ‘The two great
political parties of today represent nothing
of the principles for vshich they vftere found
ed, that the situation is one of anarchy in
politics and confusion in principles."
It must be confessed that while the pic
ture may be overdrawn, there is in it some
of the element of truth. Men in business see
changes that call for ne\^ methods. There
are points*seen in respect to the growth of
civilization in all respects, moral as well
:u in business and government, that wero
not visible to the fathers. These are mat
ters in the treatment of which the genial
'-.public must inform itself wd govern ac
| cordingly. There i» where, in the lust analy
\ sis the foundation is seen; there is where
the burden of responsibility lies.-—Knoxville
' Journal.

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