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ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE!
J. F. A. STRONG Entered as second-class matter November 7. 1912 at the postofllco at Ju neau. Alaska, under the Act of March 3. 1879. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: 0?e year, by mail $10.00 Six months, by mail 5.00 Per mouth, delivered 1.00 JUNEAU. ALASKA. DECEMBER 17. 1912. SECRETARY FISHER AND A TRUNK RAILROAD. SECRETARY of the Interior Walter L. Fisher favors a trunk line railroad from tidewater that will first reach the Mat-! anuska coal fields and then some point on the Tanana or the Yukon rivers. While the press dispatches do not state the point on tidewater preferred by the Secretary, the inference is that Seward is the place. The Alaska Northern railway ex tends toward the Matanuska coal fields for a distance of seventy one miles, and Mr. Fisher probably has in mind the leasing or purchasing of this road. The American Mining Congress?and we scarcely know what to make of that body?goes Mr. Fisher one better, for it recommends that the government build two railroads from the coast to the interior, probably on the theory that if one road is a good thing two will be better. That a trunk railroad is needed will be admitted; and the point on tidewater that shall be selected is of importance only to those towns which would like to be its terminus. One rail road. however, would do very nicely at the beginning and the recommendation of the American Mining Congress for the con-j struction of two is not likely to meet with even a faint response. The time will come when the need for two or more railroads will be demonstrated, but that time is not yet. There is very little upon which to predicate an opinion as to what the next Congress and the incoming administration will do in the settlement of the railroad transportation question, j The Democratic policy as regards the opening up of Alaska has | been foreshadowed in the national platform of the party, but the buliding and operation of government railroads are not men tioned. A liberal policy, however, is predicted, and this may well include governmental aid in the important matter of rail-1 road transportation to the coal fields and the interior country. GETTING THE BEST OF UNCLE SAM. SOME otherwise good people think that there is no harm in cheating the government in a matter of business. If they can by devious means get a few dollars more from the govern ment for labor performed or services rendered than they would ask from the private citizen they easily square it with their consciences. It is no harm to overcharge the government they reason. The "government" is everybody's prey, these folks believe. This seems to have been the view taken by Messrs. Bullock and Houston when they boosted the price of coal that they sold to Uncle Sam, in Alaska, much above the price paid by individ uals. No one need waste sympathy on thes* men or their con geners. The man who steals from the government is just as much a thief as the man who steals from his next door neigh bor. It is a question of morals, but such morals turpitude sel dom receives the condemnation (hat it merits. Tere are men who would defraud the government who would not think of cheating their fellow man. Such is the frail ty of human nature. These belong to the class of men who swear no false oaths except at the customs house"?another favored way of getting the best of the government. Houston and Bullock were both "good business men." They had arrived at the years of discretion long before they en tered into collusion to get some "easy money" on Alaska coal contracts. Of course they did not count the cost of their act. They speciously reasoned that everybody was doing it, so why should they not take a little of Uncle Sam's usufruct. The pris on house did not loom upon their vision?then. And the end is not yet. The same government which these men defrauded knowingly and wilfully demands restitution and a bad matter is thus further complicated and the principals are to be held accountable for the acts of their agents. Defraud ing "the government" is really getting to be a crime of some | consequence. THE ALTERNATIVE PRESENTED TO THE TURK. THE Balkan States delegates now in London for the purpose of arranging terms of peace with Turkey are quoted as say ing that peace will be concluded before New Year, or failing that, it will be enforced at Constantinople with cannon and bay onet before Easter. This is a direct threat, and an ominous one, coming from the mouths of men whose mission is peace. The day of adversity is upon the Turk and kindly words are now said of him because he possesses engaging qualities. His moderation, his honesty have been praised and war corres pondents attest his patience and his valor. The trouble with the Turk is not his personality, but his governmental system, which he inherited, and his too faithful adherence to a religion which handicaps progress. His political ideas are those of the eighteenth century, but this clinging to the remnants of his rule over Bulgarians, Servians and Greeks is not without parallel in more recent times. According to statements made by missionaries and others, the outrages that have marked the rule of the Turk have often been committed by conscripts who were not Turks; and sometimes by Christians who were fighting the Turks. Worship under the Christian religion has long been permitted in Turkey, and Tur kish Sultans have made less political use of the Patriarchs than Christian Emperors did before them. But the Turk has no business lording it over other races in Europe. That is now stopped. That it continued so long is not more his fault than it is that of the Christian powers. Where his race predominates over any other, as it does in Constantino ple, he may be best left in control with the reflection that he is stronger without his unwilling subjects. Perhaps then his courage, his generosity and power to command may be turned 1 to home needs and political progress. The map of Europe, however, is about to undergo a change j ?whether it be accomplished peacefully at London or with bay onet and cannon at Constatinople. j I CHARICK I.J. J???AN, 1111111ii1111111111111 II i THE IMPEACHMENT OF JUDGE ARCHBALD. THE evidence in the impeachment proceedings in the United States Senate against Judge Robert W. Archbald has been concluded, which reminds us that impeachment as a practi cal and expeditious process for the recall of unfit officials was not helped in the public mind, when the Senate last summer put over the trial to the short session. The proceedings developed obstructive and hairsplitting ten dencies, in the attitude of Senators to the case, we are told. Not alone has Judge Archbald been on trial. The impeachment pro cess itself has been on trial, and the Senate in its handling of that process has been on trial. Judge Archbald is charged with having accepted substan tial favors from litigants before his court. Notwithstanding criticisms of the Senate as to its delay in its hearing of the case, it would seem as if the proceedings have been brought to a fairly quick conclusion. As a court of law, however, the Sen ate is bound only by the board and elastic constitutional provision, which, in effect, makes any act inconsistent with a proper and unbiased conduct of the office, ground for conviction and remov al; which recognizes that standards of private conduct do change. If the Senate shall arrive at an early decision of the case?as is probable?it will have demonstrated the needlessness of radical changes in the procedure of removal for unfit public officials. The founders of our government intended impeach ment to be an easily workable process, but in the few times that it has been tried it has proved cumbersome and dilatory. TEN COMMANDMENTS GIVEN FOR HEALTH "Ten commandments of good citi ..onship" Issued by the housing com mittee of the Chicago Woman's Aid nre included in the health bulletin, which declares Chicago to be the healthiest big city In the world. Tho commandments are: I. Thou shalt honor thy city and keep Its laws. II. fteinember thy cleaning day and keep It wholly. III. Thou shalt love and cherish thy children and provide for them decent homes and playgrounds. IV. Thou shalt not keep thy windows closed day or night V. Thou shalt keep order In thy alley, thy back yard, thy hall and stairway. VI. Thou shalt not kill thy neigh bor's bodies with poisonous air, nor their souls with bad com panions. VII. Thou shalt not let the wicked fly live. VIII. Thou shalt not steal thy chil dren's right to happiness from them. IX. Thou shalt bear witness against thy neighbor's rubbish heap. X. Thou shalt covet all the air and sunshine thou canst obtain. Health Commissioner Young ac companies the "commandments" with warnings against Insufficient ventila .Ion. His "airy paragraphs" follow: "Dirty air kills more people than dirty milk, water and food combined." "The best method of ventilation Is to open the window." "Too much fresh air is Just enough." "Good housing promotes health, life, morality, success and ambition." "Bad housing promotes failure, stu pidity, crime, disease and death." The annual board bill for Chicago's SUMMONS FOR PUBLICATION. Case No. 940-A. In the District Court for the District of Alaska, Division No. 1, at Junoau. First National Bank of Juneau, Plain tiff, vs. Ellen G. Bach, Frank Bach, North west Rubber Company, Schwabach er Bros. & Co., Inc., defendants. To the NORTHWEST RUBBER COMPANY and SCHWABACHER BROS. & CO., Inc., defendants, GREETING: In the name of the United States of ' America and pursuant to an order of ; the above entitled Court in the above , entitled cause made on the 5th day ? of November, 1912, you and each of J you are hereby commanded to be and appear in the above entitled court holden at Juneau, in said Division, in said Territory, and answer the com plaint filed against you in the above entitled action within thirty days from the date of the last publication hereof; and if you fall so to appear and answer for want thereof the plaintiff will apply to the Court for and the Court will grant the relief demanded in said complaint, to-wlt: Judgment on a promissory note against Frank Bach, in the sum of one thousand dollars ($1,000.00), with interest thereon at the rate of J twelve per cent (12 per cent) per < annum, from the 24th day of May, < 1909; one hundred dollars ($100.00) 1 attorney's fees; together with its < costs and disbursements herein in- i curred; further for a decree foreclos- ] ing a certain mortgage upon certain < property situate in Douglas, Alaska, j against all the defendants herein. J IN WITNESS WHEREOF I have ] hereunto set my hand and affixed the 1 seal of the.above entitled court this J 5th day of November, 1912. 4 E. W. PETTIT, Clerk. j First publication, November 5, 1912. j [.ast publication December 17, 1912. 4 rat population exceeds $3,000,000 ac | cording to the bulletin, which estl j mates that there are two rats to each human being in the United States. | Kats cost England and Prance $100, 1000 a yoar, while In India there aro ten times as many rats as human be ings. Comparison of death rates in the | large cities of the world show Chica go has the lowest of all, the deaths per thousand during the last ten years being only 14.7. New York Is seventh on the list, with 18 per thous and. Calcutta has a death rate of 31 | per thousand, the highest In the list CULLOM KEPT PROMISE HE MADE TO LINCOLN. WASHINGTON, D. C. ? Senator Shelby M. Cullom, of Illinois, oldest member In point of service In the up per branch of Congress, entered on his eighty-fourth year, on Nov. 23 . The aged Senator, who, when he leaves his seat March 4, will have completed thirty years of continuous service In Congress, Is looking for ward to a well-earned rest Ho told friends today how It was he first decided to come to Congress. "The night Abraham Lincoln left Springfield for Washington to bo In augurated," said the Senator, '"I at tended a reception given for him. 1 said to him: " 'I am coming to Congress while you are President* "He replied: " 'Well, Mr. Speaker, come on.' "L was then Speaker of the Illin ois Legislature. I kept my word and was elected when he was re-elected, but he was assassinated before I took my seat." The Senator was to have studied: law In the office of the great emancl "pator, but he said that Mr. Lincoln felt he could not give to the young, aspirant the timo and attention that were necessary. Professional Cards R. W. JENNINGS ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Lewis Building, Juneau Z. R. CHENEY ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Lewis Building, Juneau j Gunnison & Marshall ATTORNEY8-AT-LAW Decker Building * Juneau Alaska H. P. CROWTHER U. 8. Deputy Surveyor U. 8. Mineral Surveyor Office ? Lewis Block ? Juneau I N. WATANABE DENTIST Office Over Purity Pharmacy Junoau .... Alaska I have a lot of beautiful gold mount ed fountain pens, of every make. They make Inexpensive, useful and beautiful Christmas gifts. E. Valentine's Jewelry Store, Juneau. 1 The United States of America, . District of Alaska. WHEREAS, on the 13th day of De cember, 1912, B. B. Metz and F. M. Flak filed a libel in the District Court of the United States for the District of Alaska, against the launch "Murre-! let" her boats, tackles, apparel and' furniture, In a cause of wages Civil i, and Maritime. I. AND WHEREAS, by virtue of pro- 1 cess In due form of law, to me di- ] rected, returnable on the 13th day of , January, 1913, I have seized and tak- 1 n the said launch "Murrelet" and have ] her In my custody. , NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that a District Court will be hold in the j United States Court Room In the City . of Juneau, on the 13th day of January, 1913, for the trial of said premises, ] and the owner or owners, and all per- . sons who may have or claim any in terest, are hereby cited to be and ap- ' pear at the time and place aforesaid, to Bhow causo, if any they have, why a final decree should not pasB as ' prayed. H. L. FAULKNER, U. S. Marshal. Shackleford & Bayless, proctors for libellant8. First date of publication Dec. 13, last date, Jan. 1. 1913. The Juneau Steamship Co. U. S. Mall Steamer GEORGIA Juneau-Sitka Route ? Leaves Juneau for Hoonah, Gypsum, Tenakee, Kllllsnoo and Sitka? 8:00 a. m., Nov. 5, 11, 17, 23, 29, Dec. 5, 11. 17, 23, 29, Jan. 4, 10, 16, 22. 28, Fob. 3, 9, 15, 21, 27, March 5, 11, 17, 23 and 29. LeaveB Juneau for Funter and Chatham, 8:00 a. m.?Nov. 17, Dec. 11, Jan. 4, 28, Feb. 21, March 17. Leaves Juneau for Tyee, 8:00 a. m.?Nov. 23, Dec. 23, Jan. 22, Feb. 21, March 23. Juneau ? Skagway Route ? Leaves Juneau for Pearl Harbor, Eagle River, Yankee Cove, Sen tinel Light Station, Jualin, El dred Rock Light Station, Com et, Haines, Skagway,, 8:00 a. m. ?Nov. 3, 9, 15, 21, 27, Dec. 3, 9, 15. 21, 27, Jan. 2, 8, 14. 20. 26, Fob. 1. 7, 13, 19, 25, March 3, 9, 16, 21, 27. Returning leaves Skagway the following day at 8:00 a. m. WILLIS E. NOWELL, MANAGER HUMBOLDT STEAMSHIP CO. | Tho Aloakn Flyer S. S. HUMBOLDT I The Alaxka Flyer NORTHBOUND DEC 19 SOUTHBOUND DEC. 21 DOCKS AT JUNEAU CITY WHARF Seattle Office, 716 Second Ave. GEO. BURFORD, Agent ."l-l-l-11 111 111 I 11 1 1 ?! U 1 -1 H 1 11 1 I 1 1 1 11 1 111 1 1 1 1 1 1 111 1 1 1 1 1? ALASKA STEAMSHIP CO. - STEAMERS CALLING AT KETCHIKAN, WRANGEL, PETERS- ?? ! BURG, DOUGLAS, JUNNEAU, HAINES AND SKAGWAY !! STEAMSHIP DOLPHIN ? NORTH DEC. 14 ! SOUTH DEC. 15. !! ! Tickets to Seattle, Tacoma, Victoria and Vancouver. Through | tickets to San Francisco. j* ! ELMER E. SMITH, Douglas Agt. WILLIS E. NOWELL, Agt. !* r-H"I I M 1 1 I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I- I-I-l- I-l 1 I 1 M 1 1 M 111 M m 1 I 1 111 Ii NORTHLAND STEAMSHIP COMPANY j Operating S. S. ALKI and S. S. NORTHLAND S. S. ALKI, South, DEC. 30 First Class Fare to Seattle $19.00 Second Class Fare to Seattle $12.00 H. C. BRADFORD, Mgr., Pier 4, Seattle. SOWERBY & BELL, Juneau JOHN HENSON & CO., Douglas CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY CO.-B.C. Coast Service Sailing from Juneau for Port Simpaon. Prince Rupert, Swanson, Alert Bay, Vancouver Victoria and Seattle PRINCESS MAY DEC. 19 Front and Seward St*. C. P. R. TICKET OFFICE J. T. SPICKETT, Aitt. :-H-l I I I 1 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I II I I I I I I I I I I I I I i I I I I I II H :! ALASKA COAST CO. ij ' ? For Yakutat, Katalla, Cordova, Ellamar, Valdez, Latouche, Seward, ? ? il Seldovia?SAILS FROM JUNEAU " S. S. YUKON DEC. 21 I !! SAILS FROM JUNEAU FOR SEATTLE AND TACOMA !! I connecting at Seattle for San Franci6co and Southern California ports | \ S. S. YUKON - r DEC. 13 ?? ; Right is reserved to change steamers or sailing dates without notice. ? > ; For further Information apply to S. H. Ewlng, Juneau Agent. ALASKA COAST COMPANY, Seattle jj M I I I I I 1 I I II 8 H I I I C I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I M I I I FERRY TIME SCHEDULE JUNEAU FERRY & NAVIGATION Co.?Operating Ferry Service Be tween JUNEAU, DOUGLAS, TREADWELL and SHEEP CREEK l.v. Juneau for Douglna and Treadwcll ?8:00 a. nr..' 9:00 a. in. 11:00 a. m. 1:00 p. ra. 3:00 p. m. 4:30 p. m. 6:30 p. m. 8:00 p. m. 9:00 p. m. 11:00 p. m. Lv. Trcacl wcll for Juneau ?8:25 a. m. I 9:25 a. m. I 12:00 noon 1:40 p. m. 3:25 p. m. 4:55 p. m. ] 6:55 p. m. ! 8:25 p. m. 9:25 p. m. 11:25 p. m. Leaves Douglas tor. 11 Juneau *8:30 a. m. 9:30 a. in. 12:05 p. m. 1:45 p. m. 3:30 p. m. 5:30 p. m. 7:05 p. m. 8:30 p. m. 9:30 p. m. 11:30 p. m. Leave* Juneau daily for Sheep Creek 11:00 a. m. 4:30 p. ra. Leaves Sheep Creek for Juneau 11:40 a. m. 5:10 p. m. From Junrau for Shoop Creek Saturday Night Only 11:00 p. m. for Juneau Returning Leaves Sheep Creek 11:40 p. m. Leaves Treadwell 11:45 p. m. Leaves Douglas 11:50 p. m. Sunday Schedule amc art above. except trip leaving J'iii-mB i | 1 III I I M I 1 111 111 III III I III 1 1 1 I I III III III 1 M I 1 I III 1 i OCCIDENTAL HOTEL AND ANNEX 1 I) Restaurant In Connection Established 1881 European Plan [I COMMERCIAL MEN'S HOME !! !! FRONT ST. JOHN P. OLDS. Mngr. JUNEAU, ALASKA ? H-H-l'I1! .|"1"I.'1"1"1"!-H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I I ! 1 1 ! 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I I I 1 1 1 I I 1 I 1 1 I UNION IRON WORKS Machine Shop and Foundry Gas Engines and Mill Castings Agents Union Gas Engine and Regal Gas Engine We Are Headquarters for DRY GOODS, CLOTHING BOOTS AND SHOES, FURNISHINGS STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES ALASKA-TREADWELL GOLD MINING CO.