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THE ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE
VOL. 1,NO. 96. ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1913. " PRICE TEN CENTS TURKEY READY TO CEDE ADRINOPLE i Rep. Gaffney of Nome Talks on Legislation Representative Thomas Gaffney, of Nome, has well detin ed ideas on leg islative matters. "1 am for legisla tion that will aid in developing the resources of the country and promote the welfare of the people who live here and call this country home." said Mr. Gaffaey. "In order to aid in the deve opinent of the country." he continued, "it will be necessary to entourage the pros pector by such meiiotes as will pro tect the rights. He is the trail blazer and pathtiuder of every civilization. "I am for legislation that will pro tect the men who are doing things, the man who swings the pick as well as the man who is hazarding his cap ital in the development of a mine or in subduing the wilderness in some other line of activity. There has been a great deal of consideration shown by the general government to foreign corporations that are absorbing the sustenance of the country but very little to the people who are here and have staked their lives and fortunes in an effort to build up a common wealth of this great territory. "There are many matters on which we can act that will result In a fair er distribution of the burdens of the country and many of the burdens can be lifted altogether by Congressional action. On such matters I have no doubt the Legislature will prepare memorials asking for the necessary relief. "There should be a lien law to protect the laboring man in securing his wages. That the laborer is worthy of his hire is as true today as two thousand years ago. Such a law would injure no man but would be a protec tion to all who are deserving of it. It will be sanctioned by all the prin ciples of justice and equity and can only be opposed b> the unscrupulous. The Wlckersham law we now have is wholly inadequate. "Having always been a vigorous op ponent of the 160-acre mining tract and the indiscriminate staking by professional stakers. and in view of the fact that the late mining law has remedied this in part. I still believe there Is room for improvement by such measures that will further pro tect the bona fide prospector and miner and honest investor, who are often the victims of inadequate laws and sharks that tuke advantage of the situation. Hot air promoters are and j have been the curse of the country. "Honest capital should be invited to come into the country and be given the very best protection that can be had by law. The man who hazards his money in the development of the country is entitled to every just con sideration. "We have held meetings all along the trail from small road house settle- j meats to the more populous mining centers and the universal demand is for cheaper and better transportation facilities. The people are anxiously waiting for this Legislature to voice their sentiments which I am sure from the expressions 1 have heard from the representatives of the Sec ond. Third and Fourth Divisions, will be done. At Fairbanks and Valdez when this popular demand was voiced by the representatives at the very hos pitable receptions given in their honor, the applause from the citizens was deafening. As I expressed myself at a large reception held in Fairbanks as a Democrat nominated by a Demo cratic convention and a firm believer in the doctrines of William Jennings Bryan I've always been in favor of government ownership of public util ities and my voice will always be raised in the furtherance of that great project, a railroad from tide water to the Yukon, which I believe will solve the great problem now confronting the people and cause untold wealth to flow into the channels of trade which is now locked in the bosom of Mother Earth." Speaking of the Nome country. Mr. Gaffney said: "Nome will be a pro ducing camp for an unlimited space of time. The introduction of the dredge has revolutionized placer min ing on Seward peninsula and millions of acres which under no other method can be profitably mined are now yield ing up their treasure through this ec onomical system. This may properly be attributed to the cheaper transpor tation of that section owing to its proximity to the sea. "I never realized, before mushing over the trail to Valdez. the magnitude of Alaska and the greatness of its re sources. I am very favorably im pressed with all the coast cities we have visited. All of them show signs of prosperity and future greatness. Juneau's stupendous development now in progress is amazing. The Capital City is certainly founded on a rock." SENATOR FAVORS A CODE COMMISSION That the Alaska Territorial Legisla lature is clothed w ith all the powers that were ever given a territorial leg-1 islatur** of the United States, is the J statement made by Senator Elwood Bruner. of the Second Division. Sen- i ator Bruner is a lawyer and has had 1 large legislative experience. "The limitations of the Alaska Leg islature are no greater and no less than those which have surrounded the Legislatures of any of the territories," he said today, "and the local body can i legislate upon many matters; of course it cannot touch the waters or the pub lic domain, that right being wholly within the jurisdiction of the Con gress. "Another fallacy which has found current expression is that the Con gress can veto all acts of the Territor ial Legislature if it chooses to do so. But this has never been done in the history of any territorial legislature, except in the case of Utah Territory, and Congress exercised its right there 011 one occasion to reject a law passed by its legislature because of its rela tion to the Mormon Church. But in the other territories Congress never interfered with the legislation that they enacted for the territory. "The powers of the Alaska Legisla ture are. in my opinion, most compre hensive. as will be developed with the work of the legislature." Senator Bruner believes that the Alaska Codes should be carefully re vised. and no attempt made now to amend them in a hap-hazard way. He favors the appointment of a commis sion to make the revision during the coming summer, and he would then have a special session of the legisla ture called in December next to act upon the commission's report. The cost of revising the code, he thinks, would not be heavy, and in this way laws would be enacted that would be llrst carefully weighed and sifted. SENATOR MILLARD SPEAKS ON FINANCE Senator Millard, of Valdez, who comes direct from the East to Ju neau. where he had gone on a financial mission connected with the develop ment of the mining interests of which he is the head. The Senator reports that business is good and apparently everybody is prosperous, but never theless there is considerable unrest prevailing with the investing public. This is especially true in the public attitude toward Alaska. Those who have heretofore respond ed can no more be interested because of the unsettled policy of the national government toward Alaska. This is not the only adverse condi tion confronting the Alaskan going to the States for capital to develop the mines of the country. There seems to have been an army of "knockers" turned loose that condemn every min ing proposition in which they are not direct beneficiaries. Despite all the unfavorable circum stances Senator Millard says that he was successful-in a measure by inter esting new blood in the North. He has arranged for the financing of the Tatum properties recently purchased from Mark Tatum. of Douglas, and also to go ahead with the Mineral creek development plans. On the Mineral creek property Huntington mills are to be installed. These prop erties all carry high grade ores. The Tatum property is said to be richer than the Cliff which pays a regular monthly 5 per cent dividend. THERE WILL BE A JOINT CAUCUS SATURDAY The members of the Senate are all here and there will possibly be a cau cus called for that body at almost any time. Chairman Tripp will not call a joint caucus of the entire Legisla ture before Saturday owing to the fact that the House members are not all here. Turkey Sues j Tor Peace ? * SOFIA, Bulgaria, Feb. 27. ? I Turkey has signified its readi ness to negotiate for peace with Bulgaria on the basis of the cession of Adrianople. I I ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 27. Confirmation has been made here of the report that Turkey is I now willing to cede Adrianople to the Balkan allies in order to obtain peace. L - i FATAL ACCIDENTS I AT SKAGWAY ************ * SKAGWAY, Feb. 24?Yester- * * day morning the home of Eu- * * gene Smith, of this city, was * | * destroyed by iire. Baby Ina, * * two and a half years old. was * * smother and burned to death. * * The tire was started by .Mr. * * Smith's son, who was playing * j * with matches, which ignited in- * * tlammable material . and the * * baby was dead before site could * * be rescued. * * SKAGWAY, Feb. 27.?This * * morning at three o'clock ('has. * * Black, a waiter on the Princess * * May, while returning to the * * steamer, fell off the wharf and * * struck the rock, crushing his * i * head, dying instantly. Black * * was a Scotchman by birth, and * * about thirty years old. An in- * * quest will be held this after- * * noon. * ************ EIGHT HOUR DAY j IN QUARTZ MINES The eight-hour schedule is in force in the quartz mines to the Westward, land has been for some time, accord ing to Senator I,. V. Hay, of Seward. Senator Ray is interested in quartz mining in the Seward country, and so is Representative Milo Kelly, of Knik. and Senator .Millard is a heavy oper ator in the Valdez district. Mr. Kelly is connected with the Alas ka Cold Quart/. Company, of Knik, and during the first year of its operations it took out ore which yielded $17,000. The second year this was increased to nearly $50,000, and the company's properties promise to become large, steady producers. Senator Ray states that the wage rate for hard rock men runs from $4.50 to $0 and $7 a day. HOME AT SITKA FOR INDIGENT PIONEERS Ever since the removal of the U. S. marines from the historic barracks at Sitka which the government caused to be done March 17, 1912, Represen tative Arthur G. Shoup has been en deavoring to have the place put to a use that is dear to his heart?turned into a home for indigent prospectors and pioneers. Having always taken a deep interest in the welfare of these pathllnders of civilzation Represen tative Shoup recognizes his opportun ity and began activity by taking the matter up with the authorities in Washington. At last, through co-op eration with Delegate Wickersham he has succeeded in having the govern ment turn these buildings over to the Territory for the care of indigents and pioneers. Th final endorsement of the transfer was made by the Navy Department Feb. 24, 193?'?. and it is expected that the confirming and mak ing the actual transfer will be made this week. The barracks building is capable of housing 60 men, besides containing dining rooms, kitchen, and offices. The commanding officers' quarters are in a beautiful two-story building erect ed in 1904. The canteen is a modern clubhouse. There are other buildings: machine shops, carpenter shops and a coal shed of 200-ton capacity. There is a private heating and electric light plant. Extensive lawns, cement walks, and boat landings make it a very attractive spot. The total value of the property is estimated to be $60,000. No Changes Today In Names for New Cabinet WASHINGTON. Feb. 27.?While the discussions of the names of the four men who, it is alleged, have been se lected for Cabinet positions in the new administration, did not bring any changes, yesterday it was positively declared that the Secretary of the in terior will not be the present secre tary, Walter L. Fisher. In fact the suggestion that Fisher would be re tained has been met with quiet ridi cule on nearly every side. T. P. McDonald, who operated a coal mine on Bering lake, Alaska, for a time, and a number of Seattle men, appeared yesterday before the Sen ate Committee on Lands, in advocacy of the Jones bill given entrymen the right to appeal to the federal courts, from the deciscion of the Secretary of the Interior, in coal land cases. Important Alaska Issue Before Supreme Court WASHINGTON, Feb. 27?The ques tion as to whether the District Court for the First Judicial Division, Alaska, erred in annulling the indictments in connection with alleged discrimina tion against the steamship Humboldt, has been submitted to the United States Supreme Court. The Alaska court set aside the indictments against an alleged "transportation trust" 011 the ground that before the Federal Government could prosecute for alleged transportation discrimina tions the questions must be passed upon by the Interstate Commerce Com mission. The issue is new and is re garded as extremely important. The Pacific and Arctic Railway and Navigation Company, Pacific Coast Steamship Company, Alaska Steamship Company, Canadian Pacific Railroad Company and other were in dicted under both the Sherman Anti Trust and the Interstate Commerce laws for alleged combination and dis-1 crimination against "independents." Solicitor-General nullitt, in a brief to the Supreme Court says that action by the commission is not by any means a necessary precedent for criminal prosecution by the Govern ment under either statute. "A moment's reflection must dem onstrate that prosecutions under the Sherman law must stand on their own bottom," says the Solicitor-General, "and that the powers of the United States to indict thereunder cannot, in reason, be limited by the necessity of first obtaining the consent, or ap proval as it were, of the Interstate Commerce Commission." Regarding the Government's right to indict under the Interstate Commerce act, irrespective of the action of the Interstate Commerce Commission, the Solicitor-General contends that the commission has exclusive primary jur isdiction in controversies between car riers and shippers, but in issues be tween the Government and carriers or shippers the Government must pro ceed independently of the commission. The Government must have this pow er to indict, he adds, or else it would be surrendering to the commission exclusive criminal jurisdiction. Delegate Wishes to Confer With Alaska Legislature I SEATTLE, Feb. 27.?Delegate Jas. Wickersham has decided to leave for Juneau on Saturday night sailing on the Northwestern. Judge Wickersham says that he will remain in Juneau for three or four days chiefly for the purpose of con ferring with the Legislature on a plan for co-operation with respect to leg islation both territorial and national. before his return to Washington. The Delegate states his belief that President Wilson will take a real in terest in Alaska, something, he says, that cannot be recorded of President Taft. Judge Wickersham also declared that the Guggenheims are still busy trying to control Alaska and the cop per output. HUERTA MAKES I AMNESTY OEFER MEXICO CITY, Feb. 27?President Huerta lias granted annesty to all po- ' litical offenders "who shall present ! themselves to the authorities within ! fifteen days." 1 ! 1 EL PASO, Tex., Feb. 27.?Twenty of < President Huerta's soldiers in the gar rison at Concha, Chilhuahua, were i killed today by Madero troops. HOUSE WRECKER IS NOW IN JAIL i Chris Radonilovich, who tore down i lames Duffy's cabin while it was in process of erection, was today arrest ed on the charge of wilful and malic ious defacing of property belonging to another. Defendant pleaded guilty to the charge and was fined $200 and costs. In default of payment Chris now lang uishes in the federal jail. Harry Malone has received ir/orma tion that Mrs. Malone and Helen would leave San Diego for Seattle April 1. J. C. McBride will arrive from Se attle on the Nrothwestern. Marshal Faulkner has moved into i the Shackleford home at the corner of Fourth and Gold streets. Business has so increased in the Goldstein department store that the force has bee nincreased. the latest addition being Leon Frieman. who takes a position in the grocery depart ment MEXICO WANTS MUCH MONEY MEXICO CITY. Feb. 27?The Min ster of Finance in President lluerta's government has asked Congress to is sue bonds for two hundred million [)esos, the money to be spent for pur poses of pacification and rehabilita tion of the republic. NEW COMPANY FILES ARTICES OF INCORPORATION The Alaska-Douglas Gold Mining Company today (lied articles of incor poration with Dirstrict Clerk Pettit. Capital stock $100,000. President F. W. Bradley; secretary, F. W. Ham mersmith. It is organized under the laws of the State of Oregon. R. G. Kinzie is named as resident agent. COURT NOTES In the case of the First National bank vr. Frank Bach et al the jury returned a verdict for the defense. The case of Noa Pizettl was called but attorney for plaintiff being absent the case was continued one week. ? The case of the First National bank vs. C. W. Young and W. W. Casey was continued generally. The case of Wm. Hanson vs. John Eidson et al was continued to a later date. The case of I. Goldstein vs. John Noland was continued. The motion for a new trial in the case of Martin vs. Burford et al was denied. Rep. Gray of Katalla for Government Roads Representative Robert I). Gray, of Katalln, thinks that the greatest prob lem to be solved for Alaska is trans portation. On this subject he said: "When the transportation problem Is settled then the solution is at hand for the development of our resources and the prosperity of our people. "My idea is that this must come through government help. There are various ways in which it can be done. First, by giving large land grants as has been done in the past in assist ing the development of new sections. This I believe is absolutely wrong and unjust. I would not be willing to give one foot of ground outside of right of way. This practice in the past has proven deplorable in the end. An other plan is to make a cash subsidy; another is for the government to guar antee the bonds. I object to these plans because it simply means that the government builds the roads and presents them to a private corporation. "It strikes me that the best plan for the real benefit of the people of Alas kais to have the government build the roads direct and operate them as government property through a com mission or some other arrangement. "Some ou our greatest quart/, mines are in the interior and to open these properties up and give the prospectors an opportunity to develop their proper ties and discoveries, railroads are ab solutely necessary. Private corpor ations desire to build to their own properties only, or to such as they can control and thus a system of pri vately controlled roads would control the industries of the country. 1 am for government ownership of the rail roads so that the individual who is the back bone of the country rather than a transportation company will control; the indusrties. I do not mean by this that capital or a corporation should he eliminated and not be allowed to participate in the development of. and i engaging in these industries. On the contrary I am much infavor of cn-j counting capital to come and engage in the enterprises of the country, Cov eminent ownership of the railroads would not only he a benefit to the in terior mining sections, hut would help develop and settle our great val leys. "One of our most vital interests at present is the opening up and de velopment of the immense coal ami oil tields and transportation is the solution to that problem. I do not think it is practicable for the govern ment ro own and operate mines. I think that a man coming into a coun try who discovers gold, coal or any other metal should he allowed to owii and control some of it and he Is en titled to the product of his toil weth er his claim has been located by him self or through a grubstake. be lieve there are many coal claims in ' Alaska that were legally and honestly made and I believe patents should be granted for them. "I would like to see the government build a road from the Bering river coal fields to Controller Bay or to what is known as the Martin Island Project and on to a connection with the Copper Itiver & Northwestern. I believe in time the government will establish a marine base on Prince Wil liam Sound and thus will become nec essary in order to have our coal avail able. I would like to see it continue to Fairbanks and the Yukon and al so a line from Valdez connecting with it. "I think it is absolutely necessary for a road leading from Seward to the Matanuska coal fields on lines sug gested by the last railway commis sion. "In asking for these things we are not asking for charity, but for assist ance to develop our country on a bus iness basis. I am not opposed to pri vate parties or corporations bulldim* all the roads they want, but they should not expect any special privi Igees." "NON-INTERVENTION TALK ALL HUMBUG" BERLIN, Feb. U7. The Vossische Zeitung, the most respected Liberal paper in Berlin, says that the Ameri can Government's assertion that it does not intend to intervene in Mex-I' ico is "arrant humbug." i; It believes* it is true that annexa tion would cause a storm of opposi tion in the United States owing to the i preponderance in Mexico of pure or half-breed natives, but that the Oil Trust, the Railroad Trust and the Steel Trust arc extremely anxious to force the Mexican Government into making a customs agreement with the United States which would exc! de European competition and enable the United States to practically monopo lize Mexico's oil wells and build her railways, street railways, bridges, etc.. j without having to fear cheaper Eu ropean competition. It was because Porflrio Diaz tried ^ to uphold Mexican interests and main tain a free market that the Rocke felller interests assisted the revolu- j tionaries, the Vossische Zeitung as serts, and it thinks the same intrigues may be at work to procure American i armed intervention, beyond which it is' 1 ut a short step to American pacifica tion of the country, the price paid be ing the desired preferential tariff on American goods. WILL CONFER WITH WILSON INDIANAPOLIS, Feb. 27. ? Vice President-elect Thomas R. .Marshall was banqueted by the Indiana Demo cratic Club prior to his departure for | Princeton. N. J., where he will have a conference with President-elect Wil son. WICKERSHAM CALLS COINER TO CAPITAL SEATTLE, Feb. 27. ? Attorney General Wickersham has summoned District Attorney B. W. Coiner to Washington, to present the facts in! the grand jury investigation of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company merger. The grand jury has adjourned until March 24. AMUNDSEN MIGHT HAVE SAVED SCOTT CHICAGO, Feb. '11.?("apt. Koalq Amundsen came near leaving ten gal lons of oil at the South I'ole, it was learned here today. The fuel might have saved the lives of Lieut. Scott and his companions, ('apt. Amund sen spoke of the oil by chance. "The day was bright and not very cold," according to Capt. Amundsen "There was a general inspection o\ the outfit before we started back, and for some time I debated with myself whether or not to leave behind two 5 gallons cans of oil 1 did not nexpect to need. In the end I did not leave the oil." Capt. Amundsen said he had na reason then to suppose that the oil would be of any use to any one at the South I'ole, but that he did not leave it is now a melancholy reflection. HOUSE PASSES NAVAL BILL WASHINGTON, Feb. 27. ? The House yesterday afternoon passed the naval appropriations bill carrying $111,000,000. The bill provides for the construction of one battleship only, and six torpedo boat destroyers and four sub-marines. LIFE OF MADERO WAS HEAVILY INSURED VERA CRUZ, Mex., Feb. 27.?Ac cording to a statement made here by a life insurance official the life of the late President Madero was insured for several hundred thousands of dol lars. WINS ATHLETIC EVENT OXFORD, Eng., Feb. 27. ? Will A Zeigler, a Rhodes scholar from Iowa, yesterday won the weight putting event of Oxford University. The dis tance was forty-one feet nine inches. WANTED?An experienced laun dress to work on mangle. Wages 40c per hour. For full particulars write to Whitehorse Steam Laundry, White horse, Y. T. 2-24-3t. Subscribe for The Empire.