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THE ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE 1
VOL. l. NO. 98. ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE, SATURDAY, MARCH 1, 1918. PRICE TEN CENTS LIVE TOPICS DISCUSSED BY MEMBERS Sen. Roden of Iditarod Strong for Labor Laws A few days ago The Empire pub lished an interview of Senator No tion's in one of the Fairbanks news papers. in which he advocated a re vision of the mining laws and a schme for the raising of funds for territorial expenditures. .Mr. Uodeti says that he has somewhat investigat ed the problem of taxation and real izes the difficulty of providing the machinery for the collection of any tax that might be laid on general property. He suggests the imposition of an an nual franchise tax on all corporations who do business in Alaska and who are not organized under the laws of Alaska. The enactment of an eight-hour law for all miners is close to Koden's heart He claims to be the first ad vocate of such a measure in inter ior Alaska and he has worked for it ever since. When asked his reasons for the taking of such a step he said that he believes in progressive legis lation and particularly in progressive legislation that gives immediate ma terial results. He is of the opinion that men are made for something else besides working and that they are en titled to at least as much protection and care as is ordinarily bestowed up on domestic animals. The Senator says that he appreciates the consti tutional objections to a general eight hour law, affecting all laborers, and it is his opinion that the courts would not sustain such a measure. But for the mining industry he says he Is willing to try it and that his efforts to secure the enactment of such a law will not cease until it is finally passed. Mr. Roden further advocates a lien law that will attach to the claim. He says that hundreds of thousands of dollars have been lost in wages in the Tanana country, and that it is high time to protect the working men against the evil practice. He main tains that no man has a right to spec ulate upon the labor of another man and that a layman or claim owner has no business to hire anyhody if he has not the means to pay for the labor. Mr. Roden does not believe that the enactment of such a law will have any evil effect: on the contrary he main tains that it will prevent the letting of lays on wholly undeveloped ground and in a careful examination of the entire situation before a claim owner will let a lay to some irresponsible? who is anxious to risk the labor of others to enrich himself without be ing prepared to give anything in re turn therefore. "It has taken m<- a long time to satisfy myself that the only effective lien law is one that will directly affect with the claim but I am now fully convinced that it is the only way to safeguard the laborer's wages and I for one propose to secure the passage of such a law." "I want a school inspector." contin ued Senator Roden. " to examine the schools for white children. At the present time any Tom. Dick or Harry gets on the schoolboard: the children, at their public performances, will re cite long passages from classic writ ers. which they, as well as their aud ience. do not understand, while writ ing. read and arithmetic are never heard of. I want a man who is qual ified in such matters, to go from school to school: investgate the qua! ideations of the teachers: examine the scholars, prescribe a course of study and see that it is carried out. Make this superintendent responsible to some constituted authority and let us be assured that our children receive as good an education as children do on the Outside. We must have thor ough training not simply a superficial 1 veneering. "I want a mine inspector that in spects mines and not simply gets otY the steamboat; struts along the beach and then takes the boat back home to the cozy corner in his otfice. I want him to file a detailed report ev- j ery month, setting forth what he has done every day during that month and 1 want that report published in the newspapers so the people may know what they are getting for their money, l'lease understand me: I want a competent man. but 1 want no hair splitter, or agitator; I want a liberal and fair-minded man; one fhat has ! no axe to grind and one who knows i a dangerous mine and one that is not , dangerous when he sees it." "I am for the abolishment of what is ordinarily known as the common law, principles of 'contributory negli gence:' the 'fellow-servant rule' and the 'implied assumption of the rsiks' of the calling in the course of which one may be injured or killed. These defenses are now interposed in every action brought for personal injuries sustained by an employee and they have defeated recovery by many a de serving workman. These are old-fash ioned defenses and we must throw them on the old junk pile. "We talk glibly aooui woman ?ui frage. Australian ballot system, ref erendum and other theoretical propo sition s .1 am in favor of all of them I ; and anxious to support any bill intro , duced upon any or all of these sub jects. But first of all I want to see some material good accomplished. Don't you think that the education of one single child in the whole Terri tory is of more material benefit to i the human race than the introduction : of the Australian ballot system? Would it not be better to have a thous and politicians defeated at the polls for the lack of a proper ballot than ! to have one man injured in a mine and left helpless and pennyless be cause the employers can successfully defend under the assumption of risk doctrine? Would you not rather see all the married men come home to their wives and children at five in the evening, wash up and read the paper before eating their supper: and then have a little time left for themselves before going to bed. than see all the women in Alaska go to the polls and vote for the next Legislature? "I would and you would. Mr. News paperman and everybody else would. "Now when you write me up don't misquote me. I am the last man in the Territory that wants to do any injury to anybody or cripple or hin der any industry. I am more than anxious to see the Territory go ahead. I believe that we must do all we can to encourage capital. We must place no obstacle in the way of any lawful industry carried on in a lawful man ner, but we must also keep up with the spirit of the times and not become laggards. 1 hope I will not be mis understood. " Rep. C. D. Jones of Nome Wants Road Tax Changed Representative Charles D. Jones, of Nome, says that he most heartily en dorses everything that has already been said by members of the Legis lature in reference to the transporta tion problems. "But railroads are not all that we need," said .Mr. Jones. "We must have njore money with which to construct wagon roads and trails. I think it remarkable that the Alaska Road Com mission has accomplished so much with the means at hand. "We should have appropriations largely increased for this work. "I am opposed to the present road tax. It is manifestly unjust. While apparently the tax is uniform in im posing the same amount on each per son subject to the tax throughout the Territory, practically there is a great difference. A man living in this section when wages are low must contribute a sum altogether out of proportion with that of other sections of the country. I feel that everyone should and would gladly pay a fair tax towards a road fund as roads are our crying need. f "We should have a right to tax the ilshing industry and an equitable tax on the same would care for the hatch eries and contribute largely to the maintenance of the roads. "The coal lands question should be adjusted without any breaking of faith on the part of the government with bona fide locators who have put in their time and money on the same. "Industries of all kinds should be encouraged and Alaska as a home with equal opportunity to all advertized to th?> world, thus bringing as citizens an addition to our already wonderful man hood." fOR SPEAKER AND PRESIDENT It is said that the failure of J. J. Mullaly, of Fairbanks to qualify as a member of the lower House in Alas ka's tlrst legislature, is likely to cause a deadlock over the speakership. The strained condition arises over the fact that Photographer Mercer. who j had worked out a group picture for the twenty-four members, finds that on account of Representative .Mul laly being absent, the group will have to be rearranged. It is now announced that the por trait ot' the Speaker is to be twice the size of the other members and that it will be the center of the group. As the group is to be shown at the great Panama-Pacific exposition the temp tation to be the central figure is too great to be overcome hence there are 23 candidates for the Speakership. As a matter of fact there are seven known candidates for the honor of presidency over the House. These jare Earnest B. Collins, the tall, hand some member from Fox, in the Fourth ! Division; Frank A. Aldrich, of the Second Division; Thomas Gaffney, al so of the Second Division; (.'. E. Inger soli, of the First Division; Dan Dris coll. the solid Mayor of Fairbanks, and Milo Kelly and Dr. F. M. Boyle, of the i Second Division. j It is a goodly array, and let it be said that all are good men, and anyone of them would lend dignity to the place. There is said to be a good-na tured rivalry for the position, and one of the aspirants said today that it was anybody's race, and it is possible that today's developments may bring sopie new alignui' its. For Presi nt of the Senate there tare also a number of candidates as al ready announ .c' by The Empire. These are St .in rs Ray. of Seward, Bruner, of Nome; Sutherland, of Ruby, and perhaps Roden, of Iditarod. And this posP'in may be a matter >**? /inlsc e a final selec tion is made. REP. W. T. BURNS ARRIVES IN JUNEAU Representative \\\ T. Bums, of Fair banks, accompanied by Mrs. Burns ar rived 011 the Yukon last night. Mr. Burns is a boyish looking and vigorous young man, who has been a leader among the men ever since his entry into the Tnnana valley. He was president of the Miners' Union and has done his turn in every phase of the prospecting and mining game. Fortune has smiled 011 him and he is now a well-to-do operator of pla cer properties 011 Little Eldorado creek and is also operating on a Chat ham creek quartz property. Besides his large mining interests he is largely intt rested in the First National bank of Fairbanks. While he has been more successful than many of his fellow workers it has not turned his head. Although an oper ator. it is said he will support the 8 hour law. Another measure that is dear to his hear is the reformation of the existing banking laws. THE CITY ADMITS NEW ADDITION At the special meeting of the City Council last night, the committee on schools from the Commercial Club ap peared and presented the matter of obtaining funds for a new school build ing and offered the co-operation of the I Commercial Club In accomplishing end. The Mayor ordered the regular school committee to confer with the school committee of the Commercial Club and report at a later date. A plat of the Pacific Coast Com pany's lands was approved as submit ted. The plats coi tained dedications of streets confirming to the city's plans. The addition is known as The Pacific Coast Addition to the City of Juneau. WILL LEAVE FOR SAN FRANCISCO Charles Goldstein and son Alvin. will leave on the Mariposa tonight for Se attle. enronte to San Francisco, where on March 16. Alvin Goldstein will be married to Miss Cagiille Florence Ros enberg. of that city. The young cou ple will visit a number of Coast cities before returning to Juneau, where they will make their home. Mr. Chas. Gold stein will return the last of this month. Finest line of Calabash pipes in Alaska at BURFORD'S England Makes Flat j Proposal of Arbitration WASHINGTON, March 1.?The Brit- t 1, ish ivjoinder to the last note trans-1' mitted to that government recently by ! Secretary of State Knox relative to t Panama canal tolls, has been re- j oeived at the State Department. The, British government's note makes a flat proposal for the arbitration of the questions in dispute over the inter pretations to be placed upon the Hay Pauncefote treaty. The clause in the reaty which forms the husic objec ion of Great Britain reads: "The canal shall be free and open to the vessels of commerce and war of all nations observing these rules on terms of entire equality, so that there shall he no discrimination against any such nation or its citizens or sub jects in respect of the conditions or charge of traffic or otherwise." HOW JOHN D. SQUEEZED ANDREW IN AN ORE DEAL NEW YORK, March 1.?The hear ings in the proceedings to dissolve the United States Steel Corporation, bet ter known as the Steel Trust, have re vealed a fight which took place in the nineties between John I). Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie in the efforts of each to monopolize the Lake Superior iron ore lands. Rockefeller caught Carnegie violat ing the agreement into which both had entered as to the quantity of ore to he mined, and its transportation and he forced Carnegie to give up 75,000 - 000 tons of ore. DANGER Of INTERVENTION PASSED MEXICO CITY, March 1.?In a pub lished statement last night President Hucrtn expressed the belief that all danger of intervention by the .United States has passed. Huerta also as serted that order was being rapidly restored throughout the republic, but this assertion does not seem to be borne out by the reports from differ exit sections of the country, where rev olution seem to be still rife. General Felix Diaz, the prime mover in the overthrow of Mndero, lias an nounced his candidacy for the Presi dency. The body of the late President Fran cisco Mndero has been taken to his old home at San Pedro de los Pinos for interment. ACTION RATIFIED ? AT JOINT CACUS At two o'clock this afternoon there was a joint caucus of the members of the First Legislature Assembly called by Senator Tripp, who was chairman of the previous meetings. Representa tive Gaffney acted as secretary of the meeting as before. Every member of whole assembly was present except I Boyle and Ingrham, of Valdez, and Stubbins of Douglas. On motion of Senator Bruner the ac tion of the previous coucusses in se-1 curing Elks' hall at a rental of $1 ,S40 and the ordering of preliminary print ing was ratified. On motion of Representative Kelly, of Knik, it was decided to apportion the 16 positions at disposal of the as-1 sembly equally, two to each division of the Senate and tow to each division ] of the House. Senator Tanner suggested that as i the contract with the Elks' called for, watchmen and janitor service, and that clerkships and stenographers j were needed, that watchmen with the qualifications necessary for clerkships or stenographers be employed. On motion of Senator Bruner it was decided that each House should call itself together at the customary hour 12 o'clock Monday March 3; and that a committee be appointed to notify Secretary of the Territory Distin that 1 he might be present to officiate and that the same committee notify Judges Overfleld and Lyons of the district court that they are requested to be present and administer the oath of office. On motion of Aldrlch it was decided that the Senate should have the upper chamber in the Elks' building and that! the Representatives would occupy the auditorium of the building. The chair appointed Senator Brun er. of Nome, Representative Dirscoll. of Fairbanks, and Representative Kelly of Knik as the committee to no tify Secretary Distin and Judges Over fleld and Lyons with respect to the ac tion taken on organization. The joint caucuss adjourned and the Senate membership then went into ex ecutive session. I FOR SALE?Chicken and hog ranch. I Owner has to leave. Inquire Empire office. 2-27-6t. | I FEMMER & RITTER See this firm for all kinds of dray ing and hauling. We guarantee sat isfaction and reasonable prices. Coai delivered promptly. Femnier &. Rit ler's Express. Stand Burford's Cor ner. Phone 314. Residence phones 402 or 403. ???I POWERS ASKED CONCLUDE PEACE LONDON, March. 1.?The end of the Balkan war is in sight. Turkey, exhausted financially and physically, has placed her self unreservedly in the hands of the European powers with the urgent request that they con clude peace with the allies as ad advantageously as possible for i her. I * * JEFFERSON'S BIG PASSENGER LIST SEATTLE, March 1. ? Steamships Curacao and Jefferson sailed last night for Juneau, Skagway and way ports. William Dillering is a passenger on the Curacao for Juneau and Sidney Whitcombe and wife for Treadwell. The Jefferson's cabin passengers for Juneau are: Miss H. Guyer, A. J. Lee, L. N.* Younger. T. P. Smith, Mrs. F. E. Mar tin, J. H. Stevens, Miss C. Erickson, John It. Ness, Thos. Topness, Joe Fleckenstein, Leslie McKay, C. H. Hall, Louis Koskovitch, O. P. Duncan, Frank Delaney, Frank Fitch, C. W. Hall, Geo. Edwards, A. W. Williams, Frank Pearson, Charles C. Pearson and wife, Miss I. C. Bourhill, Mrs. H. Miller, Miss M. W. Atzen, Mrs. K. Mc Kcnna, W. W. Shorthill, Miss M. Mai lory, Miss Florence Mays, Miss J. Stephenson, Mrs. E. Eggen. For Douglas?John Bocknish, Mrs. K. Bocknish, Ed. Olson, Samuel Knu ben. Mrs. Edward Martin, son and daughter, Mrs. B. L. Gage. SEAL SHIPT OYSTERS?Fresh at the local agency?CHAS. GOLDSTEIN FOUND?Gold-mounted briar pipe. Owner may have it by proving prop erty and paying for this ad. Inquire | Empire office. A complete line of tobacco 1ars and pipe racks at BURFORDS. WANTED?Married couple to take charge of hotel dining room. Fine op portunity for right parties. Address J. T. J., Empire office. 2-25-t.f. NOTICE Commencing Saturday March 1. the Store of C. W. YOUNG COMPANY will be open until 10 o'clock on Sat urday evening. . it. Rep. Kelly of Knik Makes Plea for Roads Representative Milo Kelly, of Knik, like Senator Millard, is activeliy en gaged in the quartz mining industry and is president and manager of the Alaska Oold Quarz Mining Company, operating on Willow creek about 3G m'les back of Knik. Mr. Kelly has some very decided ideas on legislation and like all of the others believes that transportation development is the par amount need ofthe country. "1 agree perfectly with Representa tive Cray, of Katalla," said Mr. Kelly, "on the question of railroad construc tion and transportation problems gen erally. 1 am a believer in government ownership and control of the railroads for the reason that such a system will assure to the people equitable and eco I nomical transportation rates-r-and this is absolutely necessary to promote the [development of the country's re-| sources. As an instance bearing on the situation?I use Pennyslvania coal' in my blacksmith shop. This coal costs me $25 per ton laid down in Seattle, and another $25 is added to the cost to get it to Knik and to get it to the Willow creek mine $1G0 is paid in trasportation charges making a total cost of $210. Now, within 45 | miles of our Willow creek mine we I have a far superior quality of black [smith coal, but under present transpor tation conditions that coal will cost us $400 per ton delivered at our mine and ' mill. "Th's I take it demonstrates the ab surdity of the proposition brought forth by some learned statesmen that the people of Alaska beallowed to open and develop small ten-acre tracts of coal for their own use. There has been much blaring of trumpets throughout the East over the granting of two insignificant tracts of land with a quality of light coal that would be absolutely valueless for our uses. We need the coal in the Matanuska fields and roads will have to be biult to it or we will never get it. Transporta tion will not go where there is no ton nage, therefore the small tract of coal land will never produce coal for the market nor for home use. "The leasing system without govern ment ownership of the railroads would he a very bad thing for the simple ! reason that the same interests in con trol of the transportation would con trol the lease. The prospector should [ he encouraged by granting him an equitable share for the labor expend <?(1 in making a discovery and any measure that tends to destroy his con fidence of receiving just treatment will have a tendency to stop further effort on his part and hold the development of our country in check. "We have fine agricultural possi bilities in tne great Susitua and .Mab anuska valleys. The character of the soli and climatic conditions are such that these valleys are certain to set tle up with home seekers if trans portation facilities are provided. The hills are covered with hunch grass and the valleys with red lop. Alread; barley and oats are successfully raised and matured and, of course, vegetables of all kinds thrive. The present homo | stead law should be amended to al low the poor man a better chance. At present he must have 40 acres reduced to cultivation before title will be granted and this handicap is practically prohibitive of a rapid set I tlement of the country. The require merits of the law should be cut down j to a lesser amount. "We should have more funds for ! wagon roads. Those already con | structi (I have been of incalculable ben efit to the miners and prospectors when constructed, but the work don" is insignificant when the great expanse of the territory is taken into consid eration. "The Legislature should, at this ses sion, memorialize Congress for the relief of those coal claimants wha<l have paid in their money for coal lands and received nothing in return This money has been held in manj cases for years and the government should return it. or deliver patents t<\ the lands. "The mail conditions about our country are bad?the so-called govern ment mail route is a joke. Instead of our mail going by the route for which the contract is made, we get it most ly through a private volunteer service by railroad and launch service. The government refuses to recognize our needs because the business over the regular route does not sem to warrant incrased service and attention. The people will not patronize the round about water route of the government because it is too infrequent and unre liable. We seem to be up against a hard proposition unless something is done to enlighten the postal author ities as to the true conditions." Rep. Ingersoll Makes Some Timely Suggestions Charles E. Ingersoll, of Ketchikan, arrived on the Yukon last night. In speaking of the subjects in which he takes a great interest as demanding attention before the Legislature, ho said: "We want an amendment to the present incorporation act in which there is no provision made for en larging the present boundaries of in | corporated towns. Posibly a third of | the taxable property of the town is outside of the town limits, 3eperated by the medium high tide line. That property has no representation in mu nicipal elections and although up to the present time the owners have been public spirited enough to pay assess ments levied they are not legally hound to do it and have no voice in municipal election. Wrangell and Val dez are confronted with the same sit uation. "Emergencies like the above re quiring immediate attention should have careful consideration, but I am not in favor of taking hasty action in the matter of a general revision of I the code. This should bo left to a coin I mission of lawyers who should make a careful investigation into the con ditions in the various parts of the ter ritory and make a careful study of the codes of other States and submit a re port at some future time. In this way [ wo would get a code that would meet the general needs. "There is room for improvement to tlie present probate laws especially in [ dealing with small estate. There | should be a summary method of wind ing up estates involving small ! amounts. "I believe that municipalities should be given greater powers to the end that public utilities and improvements I can be had and methods adopted for paying for the same. "The mining law should he changed in its application to quartzclaims. The Montana law requires a specific amount of preliminary work or labor to he done before the initiation of the right of location is legal. I believe this is a good provision if the restriction is ! not made too burdensome. MADERISTS CAPTURE | TOWN OE CANANEA! ? ! EL PASO, Tex. March 1?The fol lowers of the late President Madero have captured the town of Cannea. Augustin Labanzet, inspector of po-1 lice of the State of Chihuahua and sev- j oral state officials have been executed j by federal troops. The Marpisoa Is expected from the: Westward between seven and eight o'clock tonight. DRY STATES BILL PASSED OVER VETO WASHINGTON, March 1.?The bill prohibiting the shipment of alcoholic liquors into dry States, which was ve toed by the President, has been passed over the veto by the United States Senate. FOR SALE?Choice residence lot, Shattuck Addition. Enquire Empire office. 2-27-t.f.