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THE ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE
VOL. I NO 132 JUNEAU. ALASKA. THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1913. PRICE TEN CENTS . Legislators See Danger in fisheries Bureau Bill The members of the Alaska Legis lature are very much opi>osed to many of the important provisions of the fish eries bureau bill that Congress is be ing urged to pass by oitlcials of that bureau. They see in it i scheme that would deprive the people of Alaska of any opportunity to place any share of the burdens of government upon one of the leading natural resources and industries of the Territory. The members of the legislature had a con ference with Gov. Walter E. Clark at the Governor's House last night in which this bill was discussed in con nection with the whole fisheries ques tion. and Gov. Clark agreed with the members that the proposed bureau bill does not meet the fisheries situa tion that presents itself to the peo ple of Alaska. The gravity of the situation is in creased because of the doubt as to whether or not the legislature has au thority to pass any legislation in con nection with the fisheries at all. It developed at the conference at the Governor's House last night that the attorneys for the cannery interests do not believe the legislature has any power in the premises. The general feeling apparent among those engaged in law-making at Ju neau was expressed by Representa tive Milo Kelly this morning. Mr. Kelly said: "This bill, in effect, places all mon eys collected from the fishing indus try back into the maintenance of the fish industry for the benefit of the i tew concerns that are enjoying all the profits of the greatest resource of the Territory next to its minerals. Consequently these coucerns would pay no taxes whatever, for they would tut to keeping up, through the gov ernment bureau, their own private business. Moreover, It would fasten a tisli monopoly upon the people in: perpetuity. If this bill should pass as it now stands 40 per cent, of the white schools of Alaska will be com pelled to shut down for lack of funds, i "The provision that fish traps may be located along the shore in any area provided the shore .length shall not exceed 4,000 feet and that there must be passageways of 1800 feet be tween traps in which it shall be un lawful for any one to fish at all, prac tically provides that the only fishing to be done in Alaska will be that done with the traps. "The provisions for the location of sites for traps and acquisition of title to them permit of the same kind of juggling that has taken place so of ten under the mining laws. A locat or can drive a few piles and file no uices. He is then exempt of further requirement for one calendar year; or he may file a map of survey with the Secretary of Commerce and have have an additional year in w.hich to operate a trap, or he can have his friend jump it and hold it another two years. After establishing his right he is giv* u a perpetual lease under such regulations as the government may impose." Bower Urges Legislature To Pass The Jones Bill Ward T. Bower, who represents the national fisheries bureau In South eastern Alaska, has urged the Alaska Legislature to memorialize Congress to pass the bill prepared by the bu reau for the regulation of the fisher ies industry in Alaska. The bill is substantially that which was introduc ed in the last Congress by Senator W. L. Jones, of Washington, and known as the "Jones" bill, upon which hear ings were had last winter. The bill confirms the ownership of fish traps and the sites ou which they are built in the builders and locators in perpetuity: limits the s.ze of traps to 4.000 feet along the shores: pro vides that traps must be not less than 1S00 feet apart: prohibits fishing with any other kind of gear between traps where they are located within that distance of each other: fix.-s a tax on traps and gear; creates a fund to be known as the Alaska Fisheries Fund into which all moneys derived from fisheries are to be placed: pro vides that the fisheries fund shall be expended under the direction of the Secretary of Commerce and I-abor in the maintenance of hatcheries, the investigation, development, and pre servation of the fisheries of Alaska. The proposed bill follows: A BILL To amend the laws for the protec tion and regulation the fisheries of Al aska. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Unit-j ed States of America in Congress as sembled. That every person carrying on the business of catching, canning, curing, or preserving fish, or manufac turing fish or fishery products within the Territory of Alaska, or in any of the waters of Alaska over which the United States shall have jurisdiction, shall, in lieu of all other license fees and taxes therefor and thereon, pay license taxes on the said business and output as follows: For each fish trap used for taking salmon in any of the waters of Alaska (except the Yukon river). $100 per an num ; for each purse seine, S60 per an num, for each drag or hand seine. $10 per annum: for each gill net boat and equipment. $2 per annum; canned salmon, per case, according to the species, pink or humpback. 3 cents; dog or chum. 3 cents; coho or medium red, 4 cents: king or spring, 5 cents; red or sockeve. 5 cents; pickled sal mon of all species. 10 cents per bar rel; pickled salmon bellies. $1 per barrel; salt or smoked in bulk 5 cents per one hundred pounds; fish oil and whale oil. ten cents per barrel: and fertilizer. 50 cents per ton. except when made from sharks or from offal or waste from salmon canneries or salteries. All licenses and renewals thereof ' for fishing appliances shall be issued by the Secretary of Commerce and l^ibor and shall expire uniformly on the thirty-first day of December of the calendar year for which issued, re gardless of dates of issue; licenses for fixed fishing appliances and specific locations may be renewed either be fore or within three months after the expiration dates and shall be renewed upou application and payment of the license fees by the licensees. All li censes for fishing appliances shall be designated by serial numbers, and all renewal licenses shall continue their original license numbers. All such li cense fees shall be paid to the Secre tary of Commerce and I>abor before licenses are issued. The specific taxes on the finished products shall be collected by the clerks of the United States District Court of Alaska for the respective ju dicial divisions of such court wherein the tax has been created, and all such taxes shall be due and payable on or before December thirty-first of each calendar year, and if not so paid shall become delinquent and a penalty of fifteen per centum shall forthwith be added to the original amount, and the whole amount, including the penalty, shall draw interest at the rate of one per centum per month until paid. And it shall be the duty of allUnited States district attorneys to proceed by civil suit in the name of the United States to collect all such delinquent taxes in their respective districts, and neither the product upon which the tax was created nor any property be longing to delinquents shall be exempt from attachment or execution there for. All of the license fees and taxes de rived from Alaska fisheries shall be covered into the Treasury of the Unit ed States and there kept In a special fund to be known as the Alaska fish eries fund. Said fund, or so much thereof as in the judgment of the Sec retary of Commerce and Labor may be necessary, shall be expended by the ' Treasury upon vouchers approved and certified by the Secretary of Com merce and l^abor for the construction, purchase, maintenance, and operation of fish hatcheries in Alaska and for other purposes relating to the investi gation. development, and preservation of the Alaska fisheries, and such mon eys are hereby appropriated for such purposes. The Secretary of the Treasury shall send to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor at the end of each month a statement of the amount in the Alaska fisheries fund remaining available for the purposes specified in this Act. Sec. 2. That each fish trap site shall consist of a reserved area in the (Continued to Page 2.) Every thing thai will plea.*" a smok er may be found at BURFOKD'3 Phone your subscription to The ? Daily Empire. Phone 3-7-4. Tanner Wants Pish Revenue This is the last day in which new bills can be introduced without unan imous consent of the legislative as sembly. Senator Tanner took occas ion to introduce a bill to secure a rev enue from the salmon industry be fore Congress had an opportunity to take it away from the territory as is threatened in the bill now pending. The Tanner bill imposes a tax of $150 per year on traps, $60 on purse seines, $10 on drag nets, $L' on gill nets, and, increases the tax on canned salmon from four cents to 10 cents on red, sockeye, and king; five cents on co hoes, three on humpbacks, and two cents on chums. Representative Aldrich is not at all satistied with the eight-hour law for the mining industry us it now stands and he introduced a new bill in the House today providing for an eight hour day for all underground placer mining and for dredge mining. Committee reports recommend a number of bills for passage in both houses, among those in the Senate Sutherland's bill, prohibiting flsh traps and in the House Svindseth's bill, creating the oUlce of Territorial Treasurer. Senate The Senate convened at 10 a. m. Senate Joint Memorial No. 15, by Freeding, relating to the payment of mileage, was introduced and under suspension of the rules was put on final passage and passed. The following bills were recom mended for passage: Senate Bill No. 39. by Sutherland, a code revision act. Senate Bills Nos. 46 and 50, by Freeding, commercial law acts; Sen ate Bill No. 17, by Sutherland, pro hibiting fish traps, and Senate Joint Memorials Nos. 11 and 12. by Suth erland, one for wagon roads'for Ruby and the other for extension of seas on for game. Senate Joint Resolution No. 6. by Millard, relating to the abolishment of reservations, was passed. Senate Bill No. 1, was made the special order for Thursday, April 17. Senate Bill No. 53, by Tanner, provid ing for levying a tax on fish traps and other fishing gear and for a new tax on canned salmon, was introduced. The Senate took a recess until 2 p. m. House The House convened at 10 a. m. The committee recommended the passage of House Bill No. 6S, by Svindseth, creating the office of Ter ritorial Treasurer: also House Bills Nos. 43, 44, 42, 51, 53, 55, 57, 66, 67, and 69. all code revision bills. The committee recommended that House Bills Nos. 47 and 48, code re vision do not pass. Senate Bill No. 25, by Bruner, pro viding for a code revision commission, is made the special order for this afternoon. Senate Bill No. 19, by Millard, reg ulating the purchase of ore, is being discussed on final passage. The House took a recess until 2 p. m. Solon's Authority Is Questioned The question of the authority of the Alaska Legislature to legislate on the fisheries question has been raised by attorneys representing the canner ies interested. Charles W. Dorr, of the Seattle legal firm of Dorr & Had ley, attorneys for the Alaska Packers Association, has written an elabo rate opinion in which he sets forth the reasons for contending that Con gress has prohibited the legislature from exercising any authority over the fisheries of the Territory so clearly that h? has the lawyers of Alaska, both those in and those out of the legislature, guessing. The Dorr opinion was one of the matters dis cussed at the conference at the Gov ernor's House last night. Some of the members of the legisla ture are so confident that Dorr is cor rect in his conclusions, that they think the legislature should incorpor ate its ideas of the proper fisheries legislation into a memorial to Con gress rather than into an act or acts. GOOD SHOW AT THE ORPHEUM THEATRE A well pleased audience comfor tably filled the Orpheum Theatre last night. The offering was high class all through. "Out of the Deep" Is a little sea drama both instructive and entertaining?the plot is about the re covery of treasure thrown overboard by pirates, there is a villian, a hero ine and plenty of action both on land and at the bottom of the deep. Liquid air experiments furnish more instruc tion. A "Bunny" comedy was very funny. Tonight the base ball fans will take possession of the theatre. President Will Not Interfere In California Legislation; WASHINGTON, April 10. ? Pres-1 ident, Woodrow Wilson said today j that the administration will not in terfere with the anti-alien legislation that is pending in California nor will it otfer any suggestions to the Cali-! fomia legislature. In speaking of the matter to Representative John E. Raker, of California, today, he said that the matter is one that concerns the sovereignty of the State, and that California has the right to make such laws as its law-making authority deems advisable on the question of alien ownership of lands within its borders. Several States have constitutional provisions similar to that proposed for California. in diplomatic circles it was stated the ('alifronia anti-alien bill might in volve the fur seal convention. Japan is a party to that treaty, and it is feared that it will take offense at the action of President Wilson in refus ing to interfere in the California mat ter. City of Juneau Asks for the Tide Lands Today Representative Milo Kelly | introduced in the House a memorial asking Congress to survey the tide flats and other unappropriated and reserved lands between the town of Juneau and Lemon creek and deliv-J er the same to the town of Juneau; for the purpose of providing homes j for the people. It is pointed out that the tide lands j can be recovered by the building of a bulkhead and that the shore lands intervening between present holdings and reserved by the government are absolutely necessary to provide room for the natural expansion of the town. The available area within the town site of Juneau comprises only ten blocks. The tremendous mining develop ments now under way and those to be immediately started are cited as proof of the great demand that will be made lor building spuce both for business houses and for home-build ing. Another feature is the estab lishment of a fund for public schools which could be realized out of the sale of these lands. The fact that Alaska schools are supported by the revenues derived from the liquor traf tic in the cities is referred to as a source of mortification to the feel ings of Alaskans. POPE SPENDS | RESTLESS NIGHT ROME, April 10.?A severe thun- ! der-storm yesterday caused the Pope to become nervous and disturbed him to such an extent that he spent a restless night Reports received from the Vatican this morniug indicate that there is no immediate danger of the death of the Pope. Great anxiety is felt over the weakness of his heart. The Pope, this afternoon, summond Merry Delval and said to him, "I am determined to recover in time to cel ebrate the Pentecostal Mass, on May 11. NICHOLAS WILL QUIT If COERCED! LONDON, April 9. ? Official anr j nouncement has ben received here that King Nicholas, of Monenegro, will abdicate if the powers employ force to coerce his kingdom to yield to the demands that Scutari bo sur rendered. - WOMAN KILLS JAP AND SELF OAKLAND, Calif., April 10?George' Uchicla, a Japanese laundry worker, was killed last night by an unidenti fied white woman, who, after killing the Jap, took her own life. OAKLAND, April 10.?The woman' that killed the Japanese laundry work er last night, has been identified as Miss Annie Pierce, a singer of Haines, j Oregon. The condition of the room indicated that there had been a strug gle. The Jap was interested in mu sic. COURT POSTPONES COAL LAND CASES CHICAGO, April 10. ? Defendant Watson ,on trial with A. C. Frost and others in connection with the Alaska coal cases, is still ill. He has a very high fever, and is in the hospital. The case was again postponed today. MULTI-MILLIONAIRE MISSIONARY DIES CHICAGO, 111., April 10?William! M. Borden, the multi-millionaire, died at Cairo, Egypt, while on his way to China where he was going to engage in missionary work. Eorced Out of Business by owner of building. Had no lease, no available house to move Into. Watches clocks, jewelry, silverware, cut glass, hand-painted china, white aiid gold band china must be sold at any sacrifice. I. J. SHARICK, Optician STRIKE PARALYZES BUFFALO TRAFFIC BUFFALO, N. Y., April 10. ? The stirke on the International Railway Company, operating the street car system of this city and many inter urban railways leading out of the city into State and Canadian cities be sides the street car system of other American and Canadian cities, has caused a complete paralysis of traf tic and commerce In this section^ State troops are assisting the local authorities in the protection of life and property and in maintaining or der. BUFFALO. N. Y.. April 9?Scouts of the Seventh Regiment of the array, in command of Sergeant Wnrdupt. were fired on today by strike sympa thisers. BUFFALO, N. Y., April 10. ? The strikers and State troops clashed this afternoon, and the troops were com pelled to use rifles. A woman was among those wounded by the troops. SUSPENDS CAPITAL PUNISHMENT LAW PHOENIX, Ariz., April 10.?Gov. Hunt today reprieved five murderers that have been sentenced to death until the legislature of 1914 can have an opportunity to pass a bill abolish ing capital punishment in Arizona. M'ADOO ASKS fOR RESIGNATIONS WASHINGTON, April 10. ?Secre tary of the Treasury William G. Mc Adoo has requested the resignations of the collector of customs, the cus toms surveyor, the appraiser, and the naval officer at Philadelphia customs house. He explained his action by saying "l asked for the resignations that some new blood might be brought into the service." TRAPS HURT SEATTLE? SO THAT CITY OPPOSES The Seattle Commercial Club has passed a vigorous set of resolutions in opposition to the salmon traps that are operated in Alaska. The Seattle commercial organization takes five long clauses in which to relate the reasons why it thinks they should be abolished. At the end of the fifth clause are the signficant words, "and result in great injury to the City of Seattle." SEATTLE BANK SUES THE FAIRBANKS BANK SEATTLE. April 10.?The Dexter Horton National Bank commenced an action this morning for $104,000 against the Washington-Alaska Bank of Fairbanks, money due, and to fore close upon shares of stock hold by it as security for the amount due. Democrats in Congress and Wilson Agree on Tariff Bill WASHINGTON April 10 -President Woodrow Wilson believes that there are no unsurmountable differences of opinion among the Democrats in the United States Senate and House of i Representatives over the tariff <iues- j tion and that the Underwood bill will be passed without substantial change in the schedules as they are in the! bill as it was originally drawn. At the j close of a long conference with Sena tor F. M. Simmons, chairman of thei Senate finance committee, and the. other members of the committee, in hia capltol office this morning he said: The net rcHult of the conference is that we do not see any difficulty at "I like this way of getting together, on a party program." Commenting further upon the con ference's that took place tills morning in his office at the capltol, the presi dent said: "I like this way of getting together, and i hope Senators and Representa tives will permit me to come frequent ly and confer with them." FILIPINOS ASK FOR INDEPENDENCE WASHINGTON, April 10? Delegates Earnshaw and Quezon, of the Philip pines, in a< long conference with Pres ident Woodrow Wilson yesterday urg ed the immediate recognition of the independence of the Philliplne Ial amis. President Wilson promised them that he would ?ive the matter early consideration and would decide with the welfare of the Philippines solely in mind. Nome Dog Race Begins Under Good Condititions NOME, April 10.?The dogB are off in the All-Alaska Sweepstakes race. The tsart was made this morning at ;i o'clock sharp, from the sea ice in front of this city. The weather was heautiful, clear, and cool, with bril liant sunshine. There are four teams ;n the race, and ail started together. The starters were: Scotty Allen, driving the Allen Darlin team; Fay Delzene, drlv-, ing the Bowen-Delzene t earn; Ilia vok, driving the Dr. Newman-Walter Johnson team, and John Johnson, driving his own team. The start was witnessed by a tre mendous crowd. The Queen and the President of the Nome Kennel Club were the principal characters in the opening ceremonies. Allen is the favorite, with Delzeno and John Johnson well up. Johnson's team won the Candle race, and is looked upon with favor also. SNOW COVERS MIDDLE WEST SIOUX CITY, la., April 10?Snow from four to ten inches in depth cov ers South Dakota and Northwestern Iowa. The snow fell nearly all of last night, and the temperature is low. Program Eor Baseball Show The following is the program for the big baseball entertainment that will take place at the Orpheum Theatre tonight: Overture Selected A. C. Fremming Pictures? Popular and Classic Songs Monte Snow Recitation?"Face on the Floor" .. Denny Molloy Pictures? Dancing Specialty Denny Molloy Latest Song Successes Cash Cole Three-Hound Boxing Bout? Harris vs. McFadden Pictures? Recitation?"Casey at the Bat" Denny Molloy Black-Face Sketch Spickett and Burford Three-Round Boxing Bout? Conway vs. Harrison (The program is subject to change.) WRANGELL CHOOSES NEW COUNCILMEN The following named were elected members of the city council and the school board at the Wrangell election last week. Councilmen:?Charles Benjamin, L. C. Patenaude, F. E. Gingrass, George H. Barnes, H. D. Campbell and W. D. Grant. School board?E. Hofstad. With the sole exception of Charles Benjamin, the councilmen are all new men. He is the only old councilman tlrat was a candidate for re-election, and he lead at the poll. Capt. Hof stad was re-elected to the school board. The following were elected council men at the Ketchikan election last week: M. J. Hinnegan, J. Pittinger, W. F. Schlothan, Eli Copeland, George Ches ney, Frank McCuddy, and D. Smith Harris. A. L. Spaeth was elected to the school board. Wilson Pitches First Ball of Season WASHINGTON. April 10. -Presi dent Woodrow Wilson entered the baseball park today at 1:50. At 2:05 he went out upon the diamond and pitched the first hall of the season. Washington opened the season by clashing with the New York Yankees. President Wilson also had in his pocket at the time pass No. 1, a pres jent from Ban Johnson, entitling him to free admission at any game 1n the American League. This is the first and only pass or present of any character accepted by President Wilson. It was presented ten days ago by Ben Minor, presi dent of the Washington Baseball Club. BELGIAN WORKINGMEN WILL GO OUT ON STRIKE BRUSSELS, Belgium. April 10. ? A strike involving 400,000 working men in support of the demand for manhood suffrage in Belgium has been called for Monday. The demand is for one man one vote, whether he is a property holder or not. OPERATE ON DUCHES OF CONAUGHT FOR PERITONITIS LONDON, April 10.?Suffering of ; peritonitis, the Duches of Conaught underwent an abdominal operation | this morning. She is withstanding the shock admirably. THE NORTHWESTERN SAILS FOR NORTH SEATTLE, April 10.?The steamer Northwestern sailed for the North j last night with the following passen j gers for Juneau: Miss E. Cotterill, Mrs. R. J. Mills, . \V. R. Nichols, P. A. Hedstrom, Mrs. I3en Silveria, Clara Silveria, John Cal lahan, Joe Linke, H. B. Thorpe, Mrs. Rose Huson, Aroid Johnson, Dr. KnII ish, O. Fos8, J. A. Hardwlck, J. M. Kirkham, and 38 steerage. ZEELE EMERSON IS OUT OF PRISON LONDON, April 9.?Zeele Emerson, | the suffragette, was released from the ! Holloway prison last night and taken . to her homo by her mother, who will ; nurse her back to health if that Is ? possible. AMERICANS GIVE AMUNDSEN $20,000 WASHINGTON, April 10.?The Na tional Geographic Society yesterday : voted to give Capt. Ronald Amund sen, the Norweiglan explorer, $20,000 : toward defraying expenses of his Arc tic expedition.