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THE ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE VOL. IV., NO. 535. JUNEAU, ALASKA, WEDNESDAY, AUG. 5,1914. PRICE, TEN CENTS BRITISH-FRENCH SQUADRONS SINK GERMAN CRUISER GERMANY SAYS FRANCE READY FOR INVASION Berlin, Aug. 5. ? Doctor Von Bethmann-Hollweg, imperial chan cellor of ships said today: "We knew France was ready for an In vasion. France was able to wait; we were not. A French aggres sion Into our flanks on the lower Rhine would have been disastrous and we therefore were compelled to overrule the legitimate protests of the Luxemberg and Belgian governments. We shall repair the wrong we are doing as soon as our military aims have been reached." ? * + DARDANELLS AND * ? BOSPHORUS CLOSED * ? + ? Constantinople. Aug. 6. ? + + The Dardanells and the Bos- * ? phorus were both closed today + ? effectually bottling up the war- + + ships in the Black Sea. Tur- *> ? key deemed this action neces- * + sarv to preserve her neutral- + + Ity. + ? ? ? ? + ?? + ? + + ??? + ???1 GERMANS REPULSED AT LIEGE. Brusseils, Aug. 5. ? In the en gagement for the possession of the fortified town of Liege, the Germans were repulsed. BERLIN RAISING WAR FUND. ? ? ? BERLIN. Aug. 5.?A bill was Intro duced Into the imperial parliament yes terday evening approprlatnig a billion, two hundred fifty millions to prosecute the war. - ? ^ q GERMANY MADE APPEAL FOR ENGLISH NEUTRALITY LONDON, Aug. 5.?The German em bassy was active yesterday in exert ing every Influence to stay the declar ation of hostilities between England and Germany. The chief counselor of the German embassy late last night Issued an appeal asking for the neu trality of Great Britain, asserting that Germany would keep her fleet from at tacking the northern and western i coast of France, if England would pledge neutrality. CANADIAN COAST CRUISERS ORDERED TO ESQUIMALT ?+? PRINCE RUPERT. Aug. 5?The fish ery protection cruisers have all been ordered to proceed to Esqulmalt as fast as steam can take them. The Mal aspina. Captain Newcombe. which only left a few days ago for a patrol of the fishing water, returned unexpectedly to port last night in order to take on coal for the run south. Captain New combe was unable to give any infor mation. He had his instructions to report to the naval authorities at Es qulmalt without loss of time. The Ga liano. sister ship to the Malaspina, has also been ordered south. OLD TIME YUKONER ARRIVES IN JUNEAU Capt. J. J. Donovan, a well known Yukoner of the early days, arrived In Juneau on the Princess Sophia this morning after an absence from the North of several years. Capt. Dono van comes direct from Panama where he was connected with the Panama commission during the past two years. In 1911, Capt. Donovan followed the ill starred stampede into Bolivia, South America and later drifted up to Pan ama. He is glad to be back In the Northland once again and will remain in Juneau for a time. MANAGER RUSSELL PALMER OF "PAC. FISHERMAN" HERE Russell Palmer, manager of the Pa cific Fisherman, arrived in Juneau on the Spokane and will make this place his radiating point for a thorough edu cational excursion among the fishing stations and cannery towns of South eastern Alaska and points to the West ward. Mr. Palmer is accompanied by an expert commercial photographer and already has a collection of more than 250 excellent views of interesting features of the fishing industry. Today Mr. Palmer visited the Ju neau cold storage plant and has many words of praise for that institution. This afternoon he Is visiting the Carl son cannery at Taku Harbor. THE WEATHER TODAY. Twenty-four hours ending at 3 p. m.: Maximum?52. Minimum?18. Precipitation?.57. Cloudy; rain. FAMINE THREATENS WARRING COUNTRIES ??? LONDON, Aug. 5.?W. T. Metz grath, arriving from Hookaf, Hol land, today stated that countless Americans are stranded in the Netherlands. "We traveled," hs said, "24 hours without food, lock- ! ed cars all night In cramped posi tions and there was great suffer ing among the women and chil dren." American firms In London are overwhelmed with orders for canned meats and prices have jumped thirty per cent. GLASGOW. Aur. 5.?Famine threat ens many parts of Scotland, whose stores have closed. Foodstuffs have advanced In price, sugar jumping from 5 to 12 cents a pound. PARIS. Aug. 5.?The scarcity of pro I visions and the withholding of money j deposited in banks has plunged many : Americans in France into serious cir cumstances. GERMANS BOMBARD BELGIAN PORTS ?+? BRUSSELLS. Aug. 5.?The Belgium official Gazette announced today that the entire Seventh and Tenth German army corps have invaded Belgium at Liege, reaching Harvepeplnster and Beauchamps. They are bombarding the forts as they advance. RUSSIANS HURLED TO SUDDEN DEATH VIENNA, Aug. 5.?A Rqsslan aero plane with a pilot and two Russian offi cer* aboard fly Ing over the fron tier near Lowerborg, was fired on to day by Austrians. The machine fell to the ground killing all. BRITISH AMBASSADOR LEAVES FOR LONDON BERLIN, Aug. 5.?British Ambassa dor Goschen, after receiving the an nouncement that England had declared war on Germany, demanded his pass ports which were given him. He im mediately left the capital. GERMANS CAPTURE VISE. ??? LONDON, Aug. 5.?Dispatches received her from Amsterdam state that the Germans have cap tured Vise, Belgium. MILITARY TRAINS MAKE NIGHT HIDEOUS BERLIN. Aug. 5. ? Military trains are being sent away from the city only at night. ? GERMAN EMPEROR SAYS HIS HANDS ARE CLEAN BERLIN, Aug. 5.?The German Em peror in a speech from the throne at the opening of parliament this morn ing said, in part: "My government above all. My chancellor tried until the last moment to prevent the worst happening. Forced Into war. self-defense, with a I clear conscience and clean hands, we ! grasp the sword." . - - - AMERICAN FLAG USED TO " PROTECT AMBASSADOR STOCKHOLM, Auk. 5. ? The Ger man ambassador, Kuarded by a Rus sian staff, arrived from St. Petersburg today, on a steamship flying the Stars and Stripes. They came by the way 1 of Berlin. 0 ^ ^ GERMANY BLAMES FRANCE. BERLIN, Aug. 5.?Kaiser William j announced yesterday evening that Germany is prepared to fight the world in defense of her honor. He blames the present war upon France and Rus sia, and alleges than France planned to strike through Belgium, thus forc ing Germany to act. SOPHIA ARRIVALS. The Princess Sophia arrived from the South this morning, bringing the following passengers for Juneau: CapL Win. Quick, Mrs. Quick, Frank Rlvere, Sidney B. VanHook, William Boyce. Mrs. Clarence Boyce, Mrs. Mary Sedgewick, John E. Drafter, John J. Donovan, and two second class. Special sale on Sterling silver spoons and white and gold Austrian china. I. J. Sharick. 7-9-tf. LONDON,- Aug. 5?The British and French squadrons engaged the German cruisers Goeben, Breslau and Panther off the African coast, capturing the Breslau and Goeben and sinking the Panther. The Germans were caught by the French and English immediately after the former had ceased bombarding Bona, French Algeria. Long Standing Friendship Unites England and France LONDON, Aug. 5.?Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey, speaking on the question of Belgian neutrality, counciled war with Germany, saying, among other things: "If in a crush of this kind we ran away from our obligations, our honor and our interests with regard to the Belgian treaty, I doubt whether the material force we might possess at the end of the conflict would be of much value in face of th? respect we would have lost. "If we engage in war, we should suffer but little more than if v/c stood aside. The present crisis has not originated in matters which principally concern France. No country and no govern ment has less desire to be involved in the Austro-Servia dispute than France. France was involved because of the obligations of honor. "England has a long-standing friendship witfc France. As to how far that friendship entails obligations let every man look into his own heart and feelings, and there construe the extent of our obligations." LONDON, Aug. 5.?England's declaration of war with Germany is as follows: "Owing to the summary rejection by the German government of the requests by His Brittanic Majesty's government that the neutrality of Belgium should be respected, His Maj esty's ambassador at Berlin has received his passoports and His Majesty's government \ has declared to the German government that war exists between Germany and Great , Britain from 1 O'clock August 4." < I Line-up of Forces in European War Naval Equipment. Battleships. England ? 67 Russia 17 France 32 Greece 5 Spain 4 Germany ? 39 Austria ? 13 Italy 16 Cruisers. 122 19 31 1 9 61 12 20 Gunboats. 10 8 6 8 7 3 5 Other craft. 370 176 310 27 33 218 86 128 THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE. The Triple Alliance Is a compact entered Into be tween Germany, Austria and Italy against Russia. It was formerly the Dual Alliance entered Into in 1879, when Germany and Austria pledged themselves to joint action should either be nssailed by Russia, and to neutrality should either be assailed by an other power. In 1883 Italy was admitted into the Dual Alliance and it became the Triplo Alliance. The treaty provides that should Russia assist any nation r.t war with any of the signatories to the treaty the other signatories must come to assistance. The treaty Is very specific in Its terms and provides for a division of all territory acqired in a victorious war. Under this treaty the Triple Alliance must back Austria should Russia come to the assistance of Servia. In addition to the Triple Alliance powers, Bulgaria, for Balkan political reasons, will support Austria. * ? Forco?. . S> Russia ? England Franco Servia Greece Rounmnia - Spain Germany Austria - Italy Bulgaria Total land forces 5,550,000 730,000 4,000,000 208,000 150,000 500,000 350,000 5,200,000 2,000,000 1,200,000 380,000 1 Total naval forces 52,463 137.500 60,621 10,000 ^ 10,165 .66,783 17,581 33,095 < THE TRIPLE ENTENTE. i 1 Tho Tripple Entente Is the offsot to the Triple Al liance. It embrnccs Russia, France and Englan^. The details of the-Triple Entente have never been made public, but it i6 accepted as certain that France and Russia are absolutely bound In an offensive and defensive alliance. Just how firmly England is bound is not known. Spain has become a party to this egreeinent, but to what extent Is conjectural. For Ealkan reasons Greece and Roumanla will sup port Servia as against Austria. Russia's support of Servia is a part of the Pan-Slavic program as against the Pan-Germanic expansion plans. ! FLEEING ALSATIANS SUMMARILY SHOT PARIS, Aug. 5?Seventeen Alsatians who were endeavoring to cross Into France were captured by Germans and summarily shot. CONSTITUTIONALISTS FAVOR CARRANZA MEXICO CITY, Aug. 5. ? General Carbajal, members of congress, and representatives of the army are dis cussing the advisability of turning ov er the government unconditionally to Carranza. EL PASO, Aug. 5. ? General Villa has virtually proclaimed his Independ ence of Carranza, and with General Felixe Angeles, he is reorganizing the army and planning a distribution of government lands in the north. ITALY HAS COMPLETED ARMY MOBILIZATION ROME, Aug. 5.?The government of Italy announced last evening that the mobilization of the army had been com pleted. "YES"; TONIGHT. There will be skating at Jaxon's rink tonight as usual. Look for the big announcement tomorrow' in re gards to the big "Carnival," to be held. (Oh, you big time in Juneau.) BUNNELL TO !' LEAD DEMOCRATS SKAGWAY. Arg. 5?The Indications j at present are that Charles E. Bun- ( nell., delegate from Valdez, and per- j mancnt chairman of the Democratic Territorial convention will be nominat-j' ed tonight as the Democratic candl- . date to congress. ^ Charles E. Bunnell is a leading law- . yer in the Third judicial division, mar ried, and lives with his family at their home In Valdez. He is a young man ?only thirty-six years of age. He has lived in Alaska for 14 years and has a largo acquaintance throughout the Territory. He and his family are very popular in their home town. Mr. Bun nell was educated at Bucknell univer sity, graduating with the degree of master of arts. HUMBOLDT COMING. SEATTLE, Aug. 5.?The Humboldt sailed for Southeastern Alaska points last night at nine o'clock with the following named passengers for Gas tineau channel: For Juneau?Mrs. May Doherty, Mrs. A. G. Cole, Charles E. Sperry, L. S. Fisher and two second class; for Douglas?E. S. Jewel qnd wife, Harry Apinger, Bing Hallock, i Mrs. F. ? M. Emerson and two daugh ters. EMPRESS VESSELS HELD AS TRANSPORT SEATTLE, Aug. 5.?The sailings of ill British, Bluefunnel, Harrison, Dl ?ect and Grace lines, loading In Pugct Sound and British Columbia ports, lave been cancelled or postponed on iccount of the European wars. The Empress vessels sailing out of Vancouver, have been held for trans port service. EMPRESS LINER BEING ARMED HONGKONG, Aug. 1?The C. P. R. steamer Empress of Asia has been tak en over by the British government. Guns are being mounted aboard her at tho dockyards. The work Is pro-! cecdlng night and day, the work being done In connection with the under standing that tho vessel should be available for the navy In case of being called upon for that purpose. Tho most active preparations In the way of preparing for war aro going on here In view of the eventualities that may follow. AMERICANS CAN'T GET HOME. WASHINGTON, Aug. 5.?The State Department finds that there aro one hundred thousand Americans In Eu rope, most of whom are desirous of returning to this country Immediate ly. Owing to a scarcity of ships there Is room for but sixteen thousand. ENGLAND'S ROYALTY CALLED TO BALCONY LONDON, Aug. 5.?When Brit ain declared war on Germany at seven o'clock last night, the sta tues of the military heroes throughout the city were draped with flags and countless thousands of people gathered before Bucking ham palace where they cheered until King George and Queen Mary appeared on the balcony. The declaration of war came be fore the time set for Britain's ul timatum with Germany had expir ed, and following Immediately up on Germany's summary rejection of the request for Belgian neutral ity. A state of war now exists throughout Europe. Austria-Hun gary and Germany are opposed by England, Russia, France, Servla and Montenegro. Austria-Hungary has been forc ed to turn from prosecuting her war with Servla In an endeavor to hold back Russia, while Servla la preparing to invade Bosnia. FRENCH crrizEN KILLED IN BATTLE PARIS, Aug. 5?The Governor of Algeria lias wired the French govern ment that the German cruiser Bres lau fired eight broadsides of sixty shells into the French fortified town }f Bona, killing one and damaging buildings. PRESIDENT OFFERS TO ACT EOR PEACE ?+? WASHINGTON, Aug. 5.?President Wijscu. today cabled ?KingJGeorge, Em perors William, Franz Joseph, and S'icholaB, and President Polncare say ng: "I should welcome tho opportuni ;y i to act In the Interst of European peace now and at any other time that night be thought more suitable." WILSON .INSISTS THAT SENATORS KEEP WORKING WASHINGTON, Aug. 5?President IVilson yesterday curtly turned down he request of the Republican mem bers of the Senato who appealed to tlm to postpone trust legislation until next year, In view of the uncertainties pf the present European war. Mr. Wil son insists that the pending truBt legis atlon be finished at this session. EPISCOPAL CHURCH SUES DIOCESAN CONVENTION NEW YORK, Aug. 5.?St. George's Episcopal Church, New York City, has sued the New York Diocesan Con vention and estate of J. P. Morgan for accounting of income from a $600,000 bequest under Morgan's will. Com plaint alleges that, of $24,000 a year income due the -church, less than $1, 400 has been paid by tho convention as trustees. GOVERNMENT HAS MONEY FOR ALL BUSINESS NEEDS WASHINGTON, Auk. 5?Secretary McAdoo, following a conference which has been country-wide In Its scope, de clared this morning that the financial situation is excellent and that the country has sufficient currency to move all crops and meet all the de mands of business. CZAR THANKS KING, ?<?? LONDON, Aug. 5. ? The Czar of J Russia, answering th^ note of King George, said: "I trust that your coun try will not fnll to support Russia and France. God bless and protect you." GREAT BRITAIN GRABS BATTLESHIPS BUILDING LONDON, Aug. 5.?Two battleships building for Turkey and two torpedo boat destroyers ordered by Chile were today taken over by the British gov ernment. CECILIE GOLD COMES BACK. WASHINGTON, Aug. 5.?Arange ments have been made to return the gold shipment aboard the Cecllle from Bar Harbor, Maino, to New York bankers and consignors by revenue cutters, DOCTORS GO HUNTING. Dr. Marvin and Dr. Coakley, wtyo re cently arrived In Juneau left with Capt. Wm. Dlckison on the Iowa Satur day evening for a hunting expcdltioi in the Taku river section. NATIONS ENGAGED IN NAVAL BATTLE ?4? 44444444444 "444 + ? 4 PORTLAND, Me., Aug. 5.? ? 4 The firing of heavy guns off the 4 * coast of Maine, were heard 4 4 shortly before seven o'clock ? 4 this morning by tho keeper of 4 * Portland observatory. Thero 4 4 were eight shots, all fired with- 4 4 in two minutes. The sound 4 4 camo from a point twcnty?flve * 4 miles to thirty miles south, 4 4 southeast of Portland in the vl- 4 * cinity of Spain island. The 4 shots wcro also heard at tho 4 4 harbor forts at Seguin a small 4 4 island off tho mouth of the 4 4 Kennebec. Eight cruisers, 3 4 4 German, 3 British, and 2 4 4 French are known to bo hover- 4 4 ing somewhere off this coast 4 4 The firing may have marked 4 4 the first engagement between 4 4 either German and English, or 4 4 German and French ships. The 4 4 British cruisers known to be in 4 4 American waters are the Ber- 4 4 wick, Es8cv and Lancaster; 4 4 German, Dresden, Strassburg, 4 4 and Karlsruhe; French, Conde, 4 4 and Descartes. These vessels 4 4 have been primarily concerned 4 4 in the late attempts to inter* 4 4 ccpt merchant vessels of tho 4 4 enemy, notably tho Kron- 4 4 prlnzessln Cecille. 4 4 4 444444444444444 GERMAN ARMY BURNING RUSSIAN VILLAGE8 St. Petersburg, Aug. 5?The In vading German armies are burn ing and pillaging villages over an enormous stretch of country. RUSSIANS CAPTURE MANY GERMAN MERCHANTMEN ?+? St. Petersburg, Aug. 5?Dispatches received here state that Russian warships have captured many German merchantmen In the past 24 hours and are bringing In the prizes. BRITISH MINE SHIP SUNK BY GERMAN8 London, Aug. 5.?The German fleet this morning sunk the Brit ish mine-laying ship and then pup sued the British torpedo boat de stroyer Pathfinder. The latter es caped. ? ? s BELGIUM INVADED BY GERMAN TROOPS f? LONDON, Aug. 5.?The British gov ernment was officially informed at a late hour last evening by Belgium that German troops had invaded Belgium. Premier Asqulth later read a tele gram sent to Secretary Grey by the German foreign minister pledging "as surance that in case of armed conflict with Belgium, Germany will under no pretensions whatever, annex Belgian territory." TAKES OVER SHIP IN SEATTLE PORT SEATTLE, Aug. 5. ? The British steamship Proteslaus arrived today and has been taken over by the Brit ish officials to be converted into a hospital ship. She will be remodeled and rushed at once to Liverpool. ENGLAND SEIZES UNFINISHED SHIPS LONDON, Aug. 5.?The British gov ernment has taken over all war ships for foreign governments now building in English shipyards and will employ . them in her own wars. GERMANS CELEBRATING VICTORY ALREADY LONDON, Auk. 5?Martin Vogel, U. S. sub-treasurer at New York; return ing here today with his bride, arriv ing here today, said: "The Germang nre parading the streets of Berlin nnd other cities as though celebrating a victory.' WEALTHY AMERICANS TRAVELING STEERAGE LONDON, Aug. 5. ? The steamship Philadelphia sailed today with thous ands of wealthy Americans traveling , steerage. TURKEY MOBILIZING BUT WILL REMAIN NEUTRAL LONDON, Aug. 5. ? Turkey today Informed Great Britain that her forces . are being mobilized but that she will i remain neutral. Reuter's news gency - announced today that it learns that i a state of war exists between Great Britain and Germany.