Newspaper Page Text
ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE i
JOHN W. TROY, Editor and Manager. Published by the EMPIRE PRINTING COMPANY SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year, by mail ?$10.00 Six months, by mail 5.00 ! Per month, delivered _. 1.00 Entered as second-class matteiO'Jovember 7, 1912, at the poatofllce at Ju neau. Alaska, under the Act of March 3. 1379. A "DOLLAR DIPLOMACY" LESSON. WHY has Japan declared war on Germany? What rightful place has that country in the contest in Europe? Where are the affairs of the little island Nation of the Pacific in the Far East involved in this crash that has resulted from a Balkan dispute? Is not the answer that, unlike the United States, Japan has not abandoned "Dollar Diplomacy," and Germany has colonies lying around loose that offer temptation that could not be re sisted ? Japan's entrance into this European quarrel is one of the strongest testimonials that could be presented for the wisdom of the foreign policy of President Wilson and Secretary of State Bryan. Had the United States continued the "Dollar Diplomacy" policy?the diplomacy that insists upon being "counted in" on' the deal every time a small country is required to mort gage its soul and turn over to "The Powers" functions that of right attach to National sovereignty in order to secure a loan.1 the diplomacy that uses military strength to assist its citizens to drive hard bargains, the diplomacy that makes the Navy De partment the collector of bad debts for sharp traders?it is doubt ful if we would have been able to have kept out of the war in which every Nation of the first magnitude in the world except, our's is engaged. "Dollar Diplomacy" has created a sort of un-l written partnership among all the countries that have been en-j gaged in that form of National piracy?piracy notwithstanding that it is conducted in the name of "protection to citizens and their rights." "Dollar Diplomacy" leads to alliances and "understandings" among some of the partners for protection against treachery or greed or envy of others. Had the United States continued on the course that has at last plunged Europe into war. we would have had our own a year ago in Mexico. The lust for blood would have been roused. The war spirit would have been abroad, and it is not conceivable that things would have progressed to the point they have among the powers without involving the United States at some place; where some "understanding" would not call for the service of American swords; or where "National Honor" would not require vindicating; or where the "rights" of American citizens would not demand the "protection" of our military strength; or where some spite or grudge would not come to the surface for satiation; or where some colony or small Nation, ripe for plucking, would not inspire the greed of imperialism. There is probably not a student of affairs in the country who does not now recognize how much greater is the strength of the United States among the Nations of the World because President Wilson and Secretary of State Bryan discarded "Dol lar Diplomacy" and adopted in its place "National Service" as the basis for the American foreign policy. There is probably not a small or weak power anywhere that does not feel more secure and more willing that its trade and commerce should come to the United States because this country has ceased to boast about being a "world power," and has gone about her bus iness, recognizing the right of complete independence in action on the part of all Nations, great and small alike, doing right and trying to serve the cause of freedom and righteousness every where. The Governor General of Canada is uncle of both the King of England and the Emperor of Germany. What must he think of his nephews? WICKERSHAM PRESS "ARGUMENTS." THE Wickersham newspapers have started tfce campaign to elect their man. The manner of the campaign Jhey are conducting may be judged by the "arguments" they pre sent. For instance, the following selections are taken- from one issue of the Ketchikan Mail: "Mr. Bunnell's nomination eminates from the wrong source." "There is no use of you fellows to prat about your clean hands." "You have been discovered with the stolen goods in your possession." "You have to stand trial with the direct evidence against you." "He (Frame) is not one of your luke warm policy curs." "Of course the grafter is still fighting him (also Frame)." " ? ? ? seven out of eight Senators being traitors." The Governor General of Canada is uncle of both the King of England and the Emperor of Germany. What must he think of his nephews? COST TO LITTLE NATIONS. THE countries at war are not the only sufferers among the Nations of Europe on account of the armed hostilities there. The neutral powers are required to keep standing armies in the field under arms and provisioned in order to pro tect their neutrality. The expense of this added to the loss of trade is proving a very hard burden for some of the little Na tions to bear. Switzerland is among the sufferers, and already she is forced to the point where a National loan is said to be a necessity. The gold that goes to Europe to buy war supplies will pretty soon come back to buy food. The Tacoma See America First Magazine should experience a large increase in its circulation. j ITALY HAS HARD FOREIGN PROBLEM (By Gertrudo E. Mallette.) The determined neutrality of Italy in the present war Is not based upon nny vory recent agreement nor upon the outgrowth of any one Bet of re cent events, but is In fact the result of a succession of developments which led in an almost unbroken lino to the foundation of the Kingdom of Italy in 1860. Aided by Napoleon III, acting under secret alliance, Italy had prac tically succeeded In expelling the Aus trlans from her territory, when sud dontly Napoleon became fearful of the attitude of Prussia, deserted his allies and instituted pence negotiations at Villafranca. Victor Emanuel, fore saken by the French, had no choice but to jol^ in the "Infamous treaty" which was signed at Zurich in Novem ber, 1859. This treaty provided that Lombnrdy be annexed to Piedmont, but Venetia was left to Austria, the rest of Italy was to be restored to its condition before the war, and a scheme of Italian confcreration under the presidency of the Pope was pro posed. This proposition could not be carried out for Italy had revolted from its rulers and, after the peace, Napoleon, who had his eye on Savoy and Nice, connived at the Pledmoa 'cse Annexation of Tuscany, Parma, Modeua, and the northernmost Papal >thtes. In 1861 by overwhelming votes Sicily and Naples declared for union with-Piedmont, and in March of the fame year Victor Emanuel was pro claimed King of Italy. In 1864 frussia anu Aupiriu ??nru successful war against Denmark to protect the Germans of Sleswich and Holstein. then under Danish rule, and the two Duchies were taken tempor arily under the joint rule of the vict ors. Comes In the adroit Blsmark, and by a series of Intricate Bteps brings forth his long contemplated war with Austria. In this conteBC Austria was supported by all the south German states, and by Hanover, and it seemed that Prussia must certainly be crushed. Italy had, however, sec retly promised to aid Prussia In re turn for the promise of the Austrian province of Venetla. The thorough preparation of the Prussian decided the struggle in their favor and the affair was over in seven weeks, culminating in an overwhelming defeat of the Austrians at Sadowa by the Germans under Von Moltke. who, by the way, was an uncle of General Von Moltke, who is Germany's Chief of Staff of the Army in the present European con flict. Venetla was taken from Aus tria, and Bismarck offered her a liber al peace, annexing for Prussia only Sleswick-Holstein (1867.) To this alliance with Prussia and to the strong backing of British di plomacy in her opposition to Franco, Italy owes the completion of her emancipation, and for about eleven years following the Franco-German war of 1870, she was practically Iso lated. France had taken her armies out of the Papal states and had con sented to their annexation, meanwhile remaining on friendly terms with the Pope. Then at the Congress of Berlin in 1878 Austria acquired Herzegovinla and Bosnia, the Russian frontier was extended to the Danube, and by means of a secret treaty Cyprus was "leased" by Turkey to Great Britain, while Italy went off empty handed, danger ously alone. Germany and Austria at once sensed the situation; and each, appreciated the interest of Austria and its conflict with that of Russia. Bis marck's policy had been to maintain cordial relations with both Austria and Russia as a check on France and to that end he formed, in 1872, the League of the Three Emperors (Ger many. Austria and Russia.) When Italy's isolation grew threatening, Austria and Germany dissolved this League and formed the Alliance of 1879. Then, appreciating the possibil ity that an attack on them by Russia would be aided by France, they en deavored to secure Austria against Italy and then turn Italy's forces against France by taking Italy Into their Alliance. Italy saw the advantages of the German and Austrian alliance, And ( weighed them carefully with the ad- ( vantages of a French alliance, and, finding them nicely balanced, her statesmen hesitated. Finally Bis marck's threatening, Austria's coax ing and France's invasion of Tunis in 1881 decided her. Italy's Interests in Tunis were large, and her supremacy in the Central Mediterranean would be dependant upon her maintaining pos session of that protectorate. Italy needed the good will of France, and she had put her faith in France's promise that she had no intention of annexation, and, although urged by Austria and Germany to avail herself of the Province of Tunis in compensa tion for Austria's acquisition of Bos nia, she delayed in taking any defin ite action. France then precipitated the matter by establishing a protector ate over Tunis in the invasion above mentioned, thereby firing the wrath of hot-tempered Italy. Bismarck with his usual cleverness helped things along by re-establishing the embassy to the Pope and starting a press cam paign endorsing an international guar anty of the Pope's Independence. The treaty which at ^cemented the natter was formed in ^882j binding Vustria, Germany and Italy "*ttto an alliance which has several timeiybeen ?cnewed. Since that time many events hav^, veakened the bond then formed. Antl derlcal France is now a fact, while taly grasps more firmly the Papal itates. England urged Italy, her pro ege, to take part in the occupation of Sgypt in 1882 and encouraged her ac tuisltion of colonies on the Red Sea ind in making her influence felt over Abyssinia. Then came a secret treaty >etween German and Italy in which he former traded her favorable in fluence in the Balkans for tho guar antee of tho neutrality of Austria and Russia In case she wns involved In war with Franco. Tho supplanting of thlB alliance by the Franco-Russian agree ment, endorsed by Britain, resu.tcd in the favorable terms of renewal of the alliance in 1887. Since that time England has served in tho capacity of mediator between France and Italy and the acquisition of Tripoli has practically wiped out Italy's grievance at the loss of Tunis. At present there Is a great weight of public sentiment against the alli ance, which is augumented by Aus tria's refusal to further tho education al Interests of Italians at Innsbruck and by her stand in the matter of Trieste, which one of Italy's political parties wishes to get back under Italian rule. Austria has virtually broken her word in the Albanian ques tion by her continued propaganda In the Balkans and has thereby caused Italy to counter her. Then, angered by the annexation of Bosnia, Italy forced Austria to withdraw from Novi pazar and to renounce under the Ber lin Agreement, her right to police the coast of Montenegro and to prevent that country from having a navy. Con sequently Austria built a road from the coast ns a sort of a threat and Italy and Russia immediately combin ed their capital in the improvement of the harbor of Antivari on the Mon tenegrin coast. In 1908 France, Italy and Servla financed the Danube-Adri atic railway and there have been many speculations as to the real reason for the nlllnnce, among the best founded of these being, probably, the possi bility of war between Austria and Italy. "There are sentimental reasons for Italy's present attitude, aside from racial sympathy with Austria's Latin subjects. Tho King's marriage to Princess Helen of Montenegro was a love match and her Influence is very strong, not only with the King, but with his subjects who Idolize her. Nat urally, Italian sympathy would be won by people striving for racial unity, for Italy has gone through a like strug gle. The people are democratic In spirit and have more community of sentiment with England and Franco than with autocratic Germany and Austria, and they are grateful for I England's assistance In their struggle . to achieve Italian unity." But the crulcal point of Italy's at titude In tho present struggle in Europe Is centered in tho fact that by holding aloof, by maintaining her own neutrality, Bho may regain the Italian provinces now a part of Austria, and " also a share of the east coast of tho Adriatic Sea. That gained, as alli ance with Franco and England for the mastery of tho Mediterranean Sea would bo comparatively simple. But even if somewhat selfish, as Is the way of nations, Italy is also loyal, and ; tho two combine in making her with hold her aid from Austria today, though do not lead to aid Austria's enemies. WHITEHORSE MEN PREPARE FOR WAR ?*t* - Donald Ross, secretary of the local unit, Legion of Frontiersmen, reports a general revival of that organization. All the former members still here arc renewing their membership and sever al new ones, among them several of the best men in town, have been re ceived during the past week. The roll may be seen at any time at the bank where it will be kept open a few more days before a cable will be sent to London, the headquarters of the or ganization, volunteering its services in the present crisis. The Legion of Frontiersmen is com posed of men suggestive of the name ?not ofilce men or would-be officers, but hardy, experienced, real frontiers men who are not afraid of the menial work necessary in all armies. There are many such in this locality and all who have not reported for enroll ment are respectfully requested to do so at once.?Whitehorse Star. CHINO COPPER CO. DID BIG QUARTER'S BUSINESS The Chino Copper company, one of the Jackling properties, showed a profit of $1,102,104 for the quarter end ing Juno 30 as against a profit of $716, 758 for the corresponding quarter last year. The production in pounds this year was 17,032,871 against 11,990, 832 last year. If you want a Joy ride call up 57 or 321. 7-9-tt I OLDEST BANK IN ALASKA The B. M. Behrends Bank Juneau, Alaska Established 1891 - ----- Incorporated 1914 BANKING SERVICE develops improvements as business requirements demand them. This bank constantly aims to meet the requirements of its customers' business consistent with legitimate banking rules. Officers: B. M. BEHRENDS, President J. K. WILLIS, Vice-President. GUY McNAUGHTON. Cashlor *'? ==* McDonald & Hart Contractors and Builders Office at McCloskey's Cigar Store Front Street Juneau Transfer Co.i: PHONE 48 J! WE ALWAY8 HAVE COAL I: i > Moving Care full % < ? STORAGE Baggage to and from All Boat* \ [ 37 FRONT 8T. ? Peerless Bakery Bakers of Fine Pastry of all kinds. Only the best of mater ial used. Try the Peerless brand. Its quality insures its continuous use. * + + * + * * PEERLESS BAKERY (Formerly Lempke's) THEO. HEYDER. Propr. 125 Front St. Phone 222 i FItBE TROUSERS FREE i 4, Until Aug. 3 we will give an <? < ? extra pair of trousers free with < > < * each suit of Kahn Tailoring * | < > Co.'s clethes. Price $25.00 up J! H. HEIDORN, Merchant Tailor J! 4 222 Seward Street, JUNEAU X BJW?W? Sporting Goods CW.YoungCo. HARDWARE Cutlery I Etc. I comp"t?8?ockotp Mining, Logging and Fishing Supplies aua.ka I Plumbing ? Tining -- Pipe Fitting Estimates and prompt attention given all kinds Job Work PAINTS-YARN 1SH-WALL PAPER?BRUSHES r^V'uou: WAUGH ROCK DRILLS and EVINRUDE DETACHABLE MOTORS MODERN AND UP-TO-DATE Furniture Rugs Office Desks Go-Carts Etc. FIRST TERRITORIAL BANK OF ALASKA ? Douglas, Alaska Every facility for banking. Foreign and domestic ex change. Commercial accounts solicited. Interest allowed on time deposits. M. J. O'CONNOR. Pres. - - - A. E. GURR, Cashier_ ALASKA MEAT COMPANY John Reck. Mgr. Wholesale and Retail Butchers Manufacturers of all Kinds of Sausages Our Hams and Bacon Arc I Home-Smoked FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF JUNEAU UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY Capital $ 50,000 Surplus and Undivided Profits 50,000 DIRECTO RS T. F. Kennedy, Pres. rk Kennedy John Reck, Vicc-Pres. ceo. f miller Harold H. Post, Cashier R. H. STEVENS. Assistant Cashier Under tho samo management FIRST TERRITORIAL BANK OF ALASKA In tercet Da id on Time Deposits i mill 'iiiii?lam?ii?iiin?? ? Groceries and Men's Goods Alasfea-Gastineau Mining Co. THANB, t P t * ALASKA C W. WINSTEDT ARCHITECT SUPERINTENDENT Sketches Free Office, Room 7, Garslde Block Juneau, Alaska. William Pallister, M.D., Seattle | Specialist In the treatment of H diseases and deformities of the j| eye, ear, nose and throat. Will be in Juneau till Sept 1, 11 1 Get the Habit Hire Berry's Auto Cheaper Than Walking Office Phone 22 ALL HOURS Garage.Phone 294 ,? TABLE LINENS FOR FALL JUST BEGINNING TO ARRIVE? REAL SILESIAN Pattern Cloths SIZE 22x90 Each .... $3.50 SIZE 72x108 Each .... $5.00 GERMAN LINEN Pattern Cloths SIZE 70x80 Each .... $3.00 SIZE 72x108 Each .... $3.50 MERCERISED DAMASK CLOTHS SIZE 63x63. Each - - 52.00 SIZE 72x72. Each - - S2.50 BEAUTIFUL BLUE and WHITE SILESIAN SETS, $10.00 For the Set MADEIRA SETS MADEIRA SCARFS MADEIRA DOILIES I Lovely Assortment of Damask and Hucks T /"l \\T 17 I C That Delight the Eye, and AT ALL PRICES -1U WLL j- Don't Hurt the Purse 4jaska-Treaclwell Gold Mining Co.