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THE ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE
VOL. IV., No. 558. JUNEAU, ALASKA, WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 2, 1914. PRICE, TEN CENTS DESPERATE BATTLE RAGES FIFTY MILE FROM PARIS British Are In Third Battle This Week TURKEY IS TO JOIN GERMANY IN CONFLICT BRITISH BEAR BRUNT OF EIGHT LONDON, Sept. 2 With the returning of wounded comes thenews through Paris that the British are fighting desperately in the up per part of the Depart ment of Oise to prevent the Germans from get ting possession ot one of the most direct routes to Paris. Battles raged all day Sunday and Monday. The British are fight ing heroically again to day and inflicting ter rible punishment. By sheer weight of num bers, the Germans have gained a slight advance in spite of their reverse of Monday. BRITISH FIGHTING DESPER ATELY. London. Sept. 2.?The Chron icle received a telegraphic com munication from its correspond ent with the British army from an un-named town in France who is sending in an account of the third battle in which the British troops have been engaged this week. He says the British are fight ing desperately and playing a he roic part, taking a stand close by the right wing of the German ad vance. The Allied forces forming the northrn army are being fiercely engaged, but it is against the British or left wing that the Ger-; mans are flinging their whole weight, regardless of the enorm ous sacrifice of human life they are making. The enemy seems bent upon breaking through our defensive line and so push the Allies near er to Paris, at all hazzards. ALLIES HOLD THEIR OWN. Paris, Sept. 2. ? As night draws near the allies have not ' only held their ground, but are engaging the enemy with their left resting upon Montdidier and extending into the forests near Compeigne. Montdidier is on high ground, commanding three roads leading through the angle formed by the Somme and Avre rivers. It is an important strat egic position, and the Allies are inflicting terrible damage to the Germans, who are making charge after charge in attempts to displace them. General Pau, the one-armed veteran of the Franco-Prussian war, has taken command of the French wing and is co-operating with Gen. French, the British commander. The heaviest Ger man infantry attack has been against Montdidier. The attack began at daybreak at between Amiens and Vervins. The Kaiser's troops tried to drive their way between the British THE WEATHER TODAY. Twenty-four hours ending at 3 p. m.: Maximum?52. Minimum?45. Rainfall?.24 Inch. Clody; rain. I PROTEST AGAINST CRUELTY LONDON, Sept. 2. ? A Bel ? gian commission arrived here on ; their way to protest to the Unit ' ed States against the "barbarism ! and atrocities" practiced by the > Germans in Belgium and throughout the war zone. COMMISSION MEETS KING. The Belgian commission to the United States called on the King of England today, and thanked the King for Great Britain's aid in the war on Belgium. Replying, the King said that he would support Belgium until the end, and that he was grate ful to Belgium for her gallant re sistance to Great Britain's ene my. The King added that he was shocked at the reports of the German brutality. KILL NON-COMBATANTS. ? LONDON, Sept. 2.?The Bel gian commission that is enroute to the United States to enter for mal protest against the atroci ties of the German troops in Bel gium, in an address to the King, charged the Germans of the theft of funds from the National banks at Louvain and that Emile van der Velve, the Belgian min ister of State, had personally seen the dead bodies of father and son- non-combatants, cut to pieces by German bayonet i thrusts. AMERICAN WOMAN DESCRIBES ATROCITIES PARIS. Sept 2.?Mrs. Herman H. Jarjes, the American wife of a Pari sian banker, who has arrived here, tell ing of the atrocities committed by the German troops in Belgium and the dis tress among the Belgians: "It was the saddest sight that I ever saw. It is impossible to believe the tortures and cruelties the poor unfor tunates have undergone. "I saw many boys with both their hands cut oft so that it would be im possible for them to carry guns. "Mothers were vainly beseiging the authorities for milk or soup. A moth er with 12 children asked me: 'What is to become of us. It seems impossi le for us to suffer more. I saw my hus band bound to a lamp post. He was gagged and being tortured by bayon ets. When I tried to intercede in his behalf I was knocked senseless with a rifle. I never saw my husband again.'" LONDON PAPER THINKS WAR STRENGTH EXAGGERATED ?+? LONDON, Sept. 2."? London Daily Telegraph says estimates of war strength of European armies are greatly exaggerated and that approx imate mobilized strength ten days ago to be: Russia, 2.S00.000; Germany. 2, 500.000; France, 2,000,000; Austria, 1, 500,000; Italy, 1,400,000; England, 500, 000; Belgium, 180,000. ! and French forces. With their rapid firers mounted on automo biles they opened a murderous fusilade, but the French artil lery, which has given such a re markable account of % itself all day, was equally effective, and mowed down the attacking forc es in wholesale lots. German aviators appeared ut terly reckless, flying low over the lines of the Allies in an effort to detect some gaps in their ranks. Several flying machines were hit by French shots and crippled, being taken prisoners. MEXICO TO HAVE ELECTION MEXICO CITY, Sopt. 2.?A general election to choose a President, Vico President, and members of Congress has been called to take place next No vember. It is promised that every qualified citien of Mexico will be given an opportunity to cast his vote and have it counted as he Intended that it should be counted. In the meanwhile Mexico will re main under military rule. RESTRICTED DISTRICT IN FAIRBANKS CLOSE ? FAIRBANKS, Sept 2.?United States 1 District Attorney J. J. Crossley noti fied the municipal officials of this city yesterday that the restricted dis trict within the center of the city must be abolished within 30 days, otherwise ho will prosecute the own ers of the property within the district and the inmates. Mr. Crossley says the city has fail ed to enforce the laws prohibiting the sale of liquor without a license there. + + + RUSSIANS CHANGE NAME + + OF ST. PETER8BURO. + + + + LONDON, Sept. 2. ? A St. + + Petersburg dispatch says that + by Imperial order the name * + of the city has been changed + + to Petrograd. thus eliminating + * the Teuton construction of the * v name. + + ?, +?+*?++???++++*?> WILSON TO RUN FOR RE-ELECTION WASHINGTON, Sept. 2. ? Vice-President Thomas R. Mar shall announced today that President Woodrow Wilson will be a candidate for re-election to the Presidency. Secretary Jo seph P. Tumulty refused to com ment on tHe announcement. DIPLOMATS TRYING TO AID TRADE DEVELOPMENT ?+? WASHINGTON*. Sept. 2.?To facil itate trade between the United States and Argentina, Romulo S. Naon, Ar gentine minister to the United States, will receive deposits from United States manufacturers and exporters, to be credited to them in Buenos Ay res without discount. Banks Help Business. NEW YORK, Sept. 2?The National City Bank has arranged for credits with Italy, Switzerland, France and certain South American states, look ing to the resumption of exchange and commerce between those countries and United States. Switzerlands cred it is understood to be less than $5, 000,000. Overtures for the establish ment of credit arrangements with England, although not dropped, are not active. English have enough food and cotton for the present. CANADIAN GIVES GOVERNMENT $500,000 MONTREAL, Sept. 2.?A gift of $600,000 has been made to the British government by J. K. L. Ross, a Mon treal millionaire. The government is to make use of it as it sees fit for military or naval purposes. BALTIC SEA FREE FOR GERMAN NAVY WASHINGTON. Sept. 1.?-A Berlin dispatch claims the Baltic sea is free from hostile ships as proved by re peated reconnolterlng of the German fleet and air crafL ITALY TO ASSUME WAR RISK ON FOOD SHIPMENTS ROME, Sept. 2.?The Italian govern ment has received offers of provisions from the American market, and will facilitate grain transportation by as suming war risks. TURKEY AT WAR WITH RUSSIA NEW YORK, Sept. 2.? The following commercial news was received here today and pub lished: "London, Sept. 2. ? Un confirmed reports, received through commercial sources which were seemingly reli able arc that Turkey today declared war on Russia. Communication with Con stantinople has been cut off for three days, and the Tur kish ambassador said that he had no way of telling when he woutyl hear from his government again." TURKEY TO BE IN IT. Washington, Sept, 2. ? Dis patches received here by the British embassy indicates that Turkey will not delay entrance into the war in behalf of Ger many. German officers have been joining the Turkish army, and preparations are being made for offensive rarfare. These last circumstances make it seem certain that Turkey has already determined upon her course. The British government as serts that the entrance of Tur key in the war will mean the im mediate allignment of Greece and Italy with the Allies, and possibly Bulgaria and Rouman ia. TURKEY SEEKS BULGARIA'S AID. Washington, Sept. 2. ? That Turkey is endeavoring to secure the co-operation of Bulgaria in joining Germany in the war in Europe is indicated by the issu ance of a statement by the Tur kish embassy in which the com munity of interest of Bulgaria and Turkey is set forth. ENGLAND ASKS U. S. TO ACT FOR HER. Washington, Sept. 2.? Great Britain has asked the United States to represent British inter ests at Constantinople in the event of Turkey's entering into the war in Europe. * + + + + ^ + + + + + + + + + + + JAPAN LANDS 15.000 + ? MEN AT TSINGTAU + + + ?> PEKING, Sept. 2.?Japan has <fr 4? landed 15,000 troops from 18 + ?S- transports at Lungkow, north ?> + of Tslngtau. + * + + + 41 ? ? STILL DROP BOMBS IN PARIS. PARIS, Sept. 2.?A German monoplane dropped two more bombs in the streets of Paris yesterday afternoon. It was flying at a heighth and speed that made it impossible to get its range. AUSTRALIAN CRUISERS AFTER GERMAN SHIP HONOLULU. T. H., Sept 2.?The Australian warships Warrogo and Au stralia are nearing this port search ing for the German cruiser Numborg that Is now in these waters. 600.000 OUT OF WORK IN PARIS. PARIS, Sept. 2. ? It Is estimated by the police that there are 600,000 people out of work In Paris and Its suburbs, or nearly one-sixth of the population. v. ALASKA COAL BILL TO PASS WASHINGTON, Sept. 2.?The indi cations now are that a reul and work able coal land leasing bill will pass Congress, but not the one that is pond ing In the House, and which may pass that body Thursday. The new bill will be one that will come out of the con ference committee. It is known that many Senators who are favorable to a coal leasing bill that will be work able arc opposed to the House bill. Wlckersham to Remain at Washington. Delegate James Wlckersham has changed his mind about returning to Alaska, but will remain in Washington until after the passage of the Alaska coal land leasing bill by the House. IDAHO NOMINATES STATE CANDIDATES BOISE, Mont., Sept. 2.?Senator Jas. H. Brady and Governor John M. Haines, both Republicans, were re nominated at the primaries yester day to succeed themselves. The Democrats nominated former Gov. Jas. H. Hawley for Senator and Moses Al exonder for Governor at the same tfme. New Hampshire Holds Rrimarles. CONCORD, N. H., Sept. 2.?In the primaries hold here yesterday, Albert W. Noone, Democrat, and Roland H. Spnulding. Republican, were nominat ed for Governor. Congressman Ray mond B. Stevens was nominated by the Democrats for Senator to succeed Sen ator J. H. Gallinger, Republican. REED SMOOT GETS NOMINATION AGAIN SALT LAKE, Sept. 2?United States Senator Reed Smot was again renom inated by the Republicans yesterday. The Republicans are opposed in Utah by a combination of Democrats, Progressives and American (anti-Mor mon) partyitcs. ^TATE GOVERNMENT IN CONTROL AT BUTTE BUTTE, Mont., Sept. 2.?Gov. Sam V. Stewart, as head of the Montana National Gunrd, has taken control of the government of Silver Bow county, of which Butte is the chief city and county seat. Ten companies of the. National Guard arrived yesterday, and have established a patrol in the city and about all the leading mines. Stewart Asked Government Aid. HELENA, Mont., Sept. 2.?Gov. Sam V. Stewart yesterday asked the Pres ident to send troops to Montana where they may be available for quick use in case the situation at Butte should make their presence necessary. Federal Troops at Helena. HELENA, Mont., Sept. 2?Four com panies of the 14th United States in fantry have arrived here from Spo kane. They will remain here awaiting developments at Butte. NO MORE PANICS IN UNITED STATES CHICAGO, Sept. 2?Senator Robert M. Owen, of Oklahoma, chairman of the banking and currency committee of the United States Senate, in an ad dress before tho Illinois State bankers association last night, said that the now banking law passed by Congress meant an end to panics in the United States. AUSTRIANS SAID TO USE EXPLOSIVE BULLETS LONDON, Sept. 2.?The Daily Tele graph's correspondent sends tho fol lowing from St. Petersburg: "Explosivo bullets aire said to have been discovered among ammunition captured from the Austrinns by the Russians during the fighting at So kal." CAN COLLECT NO DEBTS IN GERMANY NOW THE HAGUE, Sept. 2.?Germany has extended the moratorium to the end of September. GERMANY EIGHTS ON ALL SIDES ; LONDON, Sept. 2. ? Th< Times, this morning, says: "Ger many is now engaged in war or both her borders. The Allies have them engaged from the north extremity of France tc Switzerland in a series of linked battles, and Russia is performing a like office in the East. In ad dition, the Belgian army, operat ing from the strongly fortified city of Antwerp, is harrying the Germans from the rear. "Austria is being pressed hard on her eastern frontier by the Russians, while Servia and Mon tenegro is fighting her from the south. The situation has be come so tense with Austria, it is said, that she recalled her troops that have been aiding the Ger mans on the Rhine so that they can participate in the national defense. "Altogether, it would seem that Germany cannot continue much longer on the offensive without she wins victories of a character more, sanguinary than those which have attended her arms thus far." + <? + RUSSIA ADMITS LOSS * + OF TWO CORPS + + + + PARIS, Sopt. 20.?Advices re- + + cclved from St. Petersburg are + + that the Russian general staff + + confesses the reported disaster 4* + to two Russian corps and three + * generals near Allenstein. + + * *++++++++?+++++ RUSSIANS BURY 14,600 AUSTRIANS COPENHAGEN, Sept. 2.? The Russians buried 14,600 Aus trians on the Galicia battlefield. DROP BOMBS IN ANTWERP. ANTWERP, Sept. 2. ? Ger man Zeppelins bombarded the suburbs of Antwerp again this morning. There was little dam age. UNITED STATES HAS RIGHT TO BUY SHIPS WASHINGTON. Sept. 2?The De partment of State, the Department of Justice and the Treasury Department, after investigation, have determined that the Untied States government has full right under the laws of nations to purchase merchant ships from any of the countries at war for neutral pur poses. All that will be required, according to the members of the administration for the United States to go into the shipping trade, Is action by Congress. McAdoo Tells House Committee. WASHINGTON, Sept. 2.?Secretary of the Treasury William O. McAdoo, addressing the House committee on marine, yesterday, asserted that the right of the United States to buy mer chant ships of any nationality for neu tral uses. MICHIGAN TO GIVE UNEMPLOYED WORK DETROIT, Sept. 2.?Houghton coun ty, Michigan, will probably issue $300, 000 bonds for road repairing and con struction, in order to keop employed copper miners who are now out ol work, because of the curtailment In production as a result of the European war, employed. FOODSTUFFS GO TO SPAIN DUTY FREE MADRID, Sept. 2.?Spain has sus pended the collection of duty on flour corn and coal. BATTLE IS AT GATES i Of PARIS * LONDON, Sept. 2? ; The curtain was drawn 5 from Northwestern ! France today to find the 1 Allies battling desper ately to prevent the suc cess of the German as saults along the upper Oise river, fifty miles from Paris. The wounded are reaching Paris in auto mobiles from Crepy and Envalois in the Depart ment of Oise, 23 miles southeast of Compeigne. GERMAN ADVANCE IS CRUSHED. The curriers and wounded arriv ing at Jaris constantly from the front say the German advance was crushed near Crepy, where they left their dead stacked yards high, many of them stand ing in an upright position, just as they were shot, resting on the bodies of those who had died be fore. SLAUGHTER AT COMPEIGNE A wounded sergeant from Compaigne says he witnessed the complete annihilation of a German division by the French artillery which stood its ground notwithstanding that Germans reached the cannon's mouths be fore they were stopped by the terribly effective gunnery of the men behind the machine guns. GERMAN ARMY 50 MILES OF PARIS. These reports indicate that the Germans have made marked advance, and that they are in force near Compeigne, 50 miles away, and that the Allies are holding their own at that place. The Department of Oise, in which the main body of the Ger man right is now fighting, lies just north of the Department of Seine in which Paris is located. ALLIES LEFT RETIRE. PARIS, Sept. 2.?The War Of fice announced this morning that in order to accept battle under more favorable conditions the troops of the left wing have re tired toward the south and southwest. FRENCH HOLD OWN. PARIS, Sept. 2.?The French are holding their own in the gen eral engagements that are in progress from Sedan southward along the frontier of Lorraine and Alsace to Switzerland, and have gained ground in Lorraine. FRENCH PROMISE TO RELIEVE BELGIUMS LONDON, Sept. 2.?A dispatch from ? Antwerp says a French aeronaut flew over Brussels distributing pamphlets telling the Belgian people to take ' courage, promising deliverance soon. 1 BRITISH EXPELLED FROM CAPITAL OF BELGIUM LONDON, Sept. 2.?A dispatch from Ostend says the German Governor ? of Brussels has ordered the expulsion , of all British subjects that are rest dont of that city.