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VOL. v., NO. 620. ' - ? , \ ;>"* JTjykS! ALASKA^ MpNDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1914. , ^ PRICE, TEN CENTS.
RESERVE ACT NOW INJORCE WASHINGTON, Nov. 16.?'"Novem ber 16 might well be considered the Fourth of July of the economic life of the United States, marking the foun dation of a nation's financial emancipa tion," said Paul M. Warburg, head of the Federal Reserve System today. WASHINGTON. Nov. 16.?Tho Fed eral Reserve bank system formally became operative throughout the nas tion this morning. In an Interview accorded newspaper men, Secretary of the Treasury Wm. G. McAdoo declared: "The day of the panics In Amorlca is over. Tho anxie ty from which the country has suffer ed for a generation has been removed. Under the reserve act, the cry that there is insufficient money, insufficient credit, and a lack of money to move crops should never again be raised." Organization of the Federal reserve banks is expected by commercial pa per brokers to leave country bankers in better condition than ever before to invest in paper, and it would not be surprising, they declare, if the local* banks would be in a position to enter the market before long. Secretary McAdoo informed Chicago banks that the 520,000.000 of the cot ton fund apportioned to Chicago ap plies to the entire Federal reserve dis trict instead of to Chicago alone. ? WILSON TAKES VACATION. NEW YORK. Nov. 16.?President Woodrow Wilson spent the week end here, a guest of Colonel Robert House. PRESIDENT "DUCKS** CROWD ALONG GREAT WHITE WAY NEW YORK. Nov. 16. ? President Wood row Wilson, accompanied by his physician. Dr. Cary Grayson, and his friend, CoL House, went for a stroll along Broadway Saturday night, tak ing in the Great White Way. The crowd "that followed the Presi dent became so large that a squad of police was called to keep them back. Tho President and his friends shouldered their way through to the hotel where they wore registered. "BIG RUSH" OVER. SEATTLE, Nov. 16.?The Post In telligencer says: "Tho big rush from Alaska just about ended before we came down," said J. E. Thwaltes, mail clerk of the steamship Mariposa, who is at the Frye. "We only brought down about a hundred, and business will continue to be smalt until tho spring. Everybody that comes out of the In terior now, of course, has to como out with dogs, and a very small number ' will do that** Mr. Thwaites has been in service along the coast for the past ten years. CANADA TO ENJOIN SHIPMENTS OF EXPORTS OTTAWA, Nov. 16.?Canada has placed an embargo on exportation to any country at war with Great Britain of any articles which might be of use to them in prosecuting the war, and has prohibited exportation of contra band to any neutral country which may in turn re-export the materials to Great Britain's enemies. WAGNERIAN FESTIVAL KILLEO BY THE WAR \ BERLIN. Nov. 16.?The war has been a great blow to the Wagner Fes tival plays at Bayreuth. Of 20 per . \ formances only olght" took place and [ the deficit which the theatre felt will amount to over $100,000. \ FOOT RACE COMPETITION " S TO GO TO THE FRONT N LONDON, Nov. 16.?At Mayence all tWP reservists could not be accepted foi^the army, but all were so eager to go thkt the matter was decided by u footrace-vvrhlch took place in the ar mory. Tlk\ winners were allowed to go to the frdff^ THE WEA-Tfi-SR TODAY. Maximum?31^. Minimum?25. \ Precipitation? .01 inch Cloudy?snow. INEWLANDS, ! DEMOCRAT, RE-NAMED CARSON CITY, Nov. 16.?Accord ing to the result of an official canvass of the Stato vote, announcement was made last night that Francis G. New lands, United States Senator, had been re-elected over Samuel Piatt, Republi can by a plurality of 3S votes. The count of the votes cast Novem ber 3 had given Piatt a slight plurality. The recount "was ordered four days ago. Senator Newlands has served In Con gress for many years. He was elect ed to the United States Senate in 190.3, succeeding John P. Jones, Re publican. for the term beginning March ?1.1903. In the general election of 1908 Sen ator Newlands submitted his candi dacy for re-election to a popular vote under the election law of Nevada and received a largo majority over the votes of all other candidates. The leg islature, being pledged In advance by party platforms to carry out the popu lar will, therefore, without opposition, ?re-elected him United States Sena tor for the term ending March 3, 1915. U. S. MAKES MONEY ON HORSE SALES BOSTON. Nov. 16.?Profit- of *650, 000 were realized on one consignment of 10,000 horses recently shipped, to Europe for army purposes. The profit per head for purchasing and rounding up the animals was *15. The contract for delivering tho horses at their European destination called for the payment of *100 per head, but actual delivery was effected. Includ ing ocean transportation, at a cost of *50 a head. The contract thereforo netted its holder *500,000. which in conjunction with the purchaser's commission, show ed a total profit of *650,000 and was mode by two persons who engineered the trade. INNES PAIR "NOT GUILTY." ?4"? SAX ANTONIO, Nov. 16. ? "Not guilty" was the verdict of the jury which tried Mr. and Mrs. Edward In nes for the alleged murder of Mrs. Dennis and Miss Xelms on a farm near hero. The Innos were arrested In Eastern Oregon two months ago. FRANCE SENDS FINEST TO COMBAT GERMANS PARIS. Nov. 16.?Among the prom inent Frenchmen serving at the front J are Count Boni do Castellane, who Is1 acting as interpreter for his brother, Count Jean dc Castellane, a lituten ant in the aviation corps. The two brothers pilot one machine. Prince Sagan and Prince Murat are attached to the motor transport ser vice. SEES 12,000,000 MEN FIGHTING NEXT YEAR PARIS, Nov: 16.?Yves Guyot, a French economist, estimates that at end of six months 12,000,000 men will be engaged- in the European war. At the estimated cost of $2,50 a day for each man, every fighting day costs $30,000,000, and six months' outlay will reach $5,400,00u.000. Including cur tilment of productive power and loss of savings, ho estimates the total cost to capital account at $16,000,000,000 a yaar. FAIR SEX TRICKED BY NURSE DIRECTOR ??&? BERLIN", Nov. 16.?A profeBBOr In Heidelberg adopted tho following plan In selecting women who desired to be como trained nurses: "All thoso who desiro to urse officers step to the right and the others to my left" Sev en women placed themselves to the professor's right. The professor turn ed to them and said: "You can go homo; for ladles who only desire to nurse officers we have no use." i ? KING ALBERT REMAINS ON BELGIAN TERRAIN WASHINGTON, Nov. 16.?High Gib son. secretary of the American lega tlon at Brussels, says that King A1 ? bert, who Is with his army, has nevei yet left Belgian soil. LORD BOBS IS TA BYJ LONDON, Nov. 16.?Doop gloom fell over England Saturday night whon news of the death of their great sol dier, Lord Roberts, was received by Lord Ktlohoncr. Death came to the veteran campaigner when ho was stricken by pneumonia, after a visit of inspection to the camp of the In dian troops, the control of which was his, during tho war. Frederick Sleigh, Earl Roborts, col onel-Commandant of the Royal Artil lery and Colonel of the Irish Guards, was the title which Lord Roberts car ried through tho closing years of his life. The great leadership of Lord Rob erts during tho Boor tvar placed him foremost in the ranks of British sol diers. and when the present war broke out in Europe, only his age prohibited him from being placed in supreme com mand of tho English expeditionary force. I.ord "Bobs" was thp most pictur esque military figure lirEnglarid. Dur ing tho Khartoum and Kandahar cam paign Lord Roberts earned tamo and fortune and extended the borders of India by checking the Russian inva sion. When rebellions aroso in the Brit ish colonies it was Lord Roberts who was called to tho fore to quiet the up risings. In FotiTh~Africa the' colonization of British subjects was left cntiroly to the direction of Lord Roberts. A man of great tact and diplomacy, skilled in organization. Lord Roberts guided tho destinies of English possessions with a skillful hand and in reward of val orous service to tho Empire ho was voted the highest honors In England. | CAN ACTA N SOLDI E RS GET SMELL OF BATTLE SMOKE PARIS, Nov. 16.?The first conting ent of Canadian troops Is now at the front, according to advices from the battlofront. Fresh English troops which came to rciuforco the allied linos from Ypres to tho sea. are said In an ofllcial re port issued Sunday morning to have repulsed the German attacks to open the way to Calais and Dunkirk. NO, EXTRA SESSION? BOSTON, Nov. 16.?It 1b stated au thoratively in Washington that Presi dent Wilson has abandoned any idea of calling Congress into extraordinary session. FORMER SECRETARY SAYS GERMANY BROKE PACT! ??? BOSTON, Nov. 16.?Tho News Bu-| reau says: "Robort Bacon, formerly Secretary of State, has i6suod a state ment that in violating tho neutrality of Belgium, Germany broke a trenty which she had made with tho United States' when sho signed articles ono and two of tho second Hague confer ence. He says 'Are we to suffer a nation to break a treaty with us, on whatever pretext, without entering, at least, a formal protect? It Is our sol emn duty, to protest against a viola tion of pledges formally entered Into between this government and any oth er government, and wo assume a very heavy moral responsibility when wo remain silent' GERMAN CAMPS ARE FILLED WITH CAPTIVES BRESLAU, Nov. 16.?In German de tention camps Oct. 14. there were ap proximately 304,000 prisoners, divided as follows: Russians, 140,000; Fronch 125,000: Belgians, 30.000; British 9. 000. These figures are oxcluslvo of civilians, whom Germans have taken in largo numbers from Franco and ? Belgium. RUSSIAN PEASANT GIRLS AID IN DIGGING TRENCHES PETROGKAD. Nov. 16.? Russian peasant girls are now brought to the aid of the army and thousands of them may be seen aiding tho soldiers in ? digging trenches. The Russian glrlr ? are said to be but slightly inferior tc . tho men in such work and are oJ soldiors of this arduous work. NAVAL NET HONOLULU. Nov. 1C. ? That the Japanese government Is rushing naval forces to tho coast of Chilo to join other vessels fighting under the col ors of tho Allies. In 11 search toy. the Gorman cruisers Scharnorst, Dresden, and Gneisenau, tho conquerors of Rear Admiral Craddock's British squadron, was Indicated todny by a report brought in by the American sailing schooner Robort R. Kind, which ar rived from Port Townsend. The captain of the schooner said he sighted the Japanese battleship Hizcn and the armored cruiser Asama Thurs day. The men-of-war woro headed in a southeasterly direction. Disabled British Boats. BERLIN. Nov. 1G.?An official dls patchissued In Vienna today sayB Ger man guns on the Belgian const dis abled the British torpedo boat de stroyer Falcon, tho cruiser Brilliant and the sloop of war Rlnoldo, In a coastal bombardment which lasted for several hours. v The news has not been confirmed here. Will They Use Canal? PANAMA. Nov. 16.?Movements of throo British warships which were sighted forty miles off Colon, are be 'Irig"watclicd by the canal officials,-who expect them to use the canal for pass-j age from the Atlantic to the Pacific, i It Is belIo%-ed the cruisers are the Suf folk. Essex nnd Bristol, who are on i their way to the Chilean coast. U. S. Kept Secret of Lose of the "Audacious." WASHINGTON. Nov. 1C.?For two! weeks the United States government officially know of the destruction by a German torpedo or mine, of the Brit ish d?;endnaught Audacious, State De partment officials admitted today. "The secrot was kept at the request of the English government," Secre tary of State W. J. Bryan said. SUNKEN "AUDACIOUS" WAS GREAT FIGHTING SHIP When a Gefman mine or torpedo de stroyed H. M. -S. Audacious, the third largest dreadnuught In the English navy, it sank one of the greatest fight ing ships afloat. In Whitakor's, the Audacious is de scribed as a vessel of "3,500 tons dis placement, with 31,000 indicated horse power. In spite of her great bulk, the Audacious had a speed of 21 knots per hour. U. S. JACKIES TO BE GIVEN REWARD WASHINGTON, Nov. 16.?Just be foro leaving for New York Saturday. President Woodrow Wilson issued n proclamation to supplement the exist ing regulations for the preservation of strict neutrality In the Panama Canal and in the Canal Zone during tho life of the European war. It was also announced at tho Whito House that 2400 United States mar ines who have been undor tho com mand of General Frederick G. Funs ton at Vera Cruz are to bo rewarded under the "excollent and prolonged service" rule. PLANT NEW ENGLAND LOBSTERS IN WES1 WASHINGTON; Nov. 1G.?Six tbou sand lobsters hnve boon ordered by the Federal Department of Fisheries, foi planting In tho waters of San Juar Islands, Pugot Sound. Should the oxperimont fail, Alaskar waters will be tried. EVERETT MAN WILL SUCCEED H. W. ROSS OLYMPIA, Nov. 16.?T. E: Skaagi of Everett today was appointed chair man of tho State Board of Control ? succeeding Herman \V. Ross, resign ? CANAL'S COMPLETION i COST MANY MILLION: i WASHINGTON. Nov. 16. ? Colonc i George W. Goethals, builder of the Pf > nama canal, in Ills annual report U m sujc about 40 years of ago. a laborer by occupation, and a resident of Alaska for four years, was found dead in his bed, in room C. at No. 212 Ferry Way, yeaterday about noon. A bullet wound in the chest, made by a 38-calibro Ivor Johnson revolver caused death. Examination revealed that the fatal shot was fired Botnc time late Satur day afternoon or evening. A fire had been: made in the room, before the tragedy took place. No one seems to have heard the shots. Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Billodcau, who conduct the room ing house, spent the afternoon In the house. Either one or the other wore present all the time, they say. The room was engaged Saturdag afternoon by Bc8clo?f. Puts Money in Bank. There was ?1.84 found on the per son of the dead man, and among his effects it was dlsclosod that he had that same day opened a bnnk account at Jhe First Nutior.at bank with a de posit of $G0 and that recently ho hhd sent $400 to his relatives In Russia. He has thrco nephews at Treadwell of the same name and a suit Is now pend ing in the commissioner's court against them In which deceased Is | plaintiff. Charles Quackinbush, head of the Juneau Construction,, nays that Bcse and that he was a good steady worker, and has asked him for employment the same day that he met hlB death. Attorney H. L. Faulkner, who has been looking after deceased's legal nf fairs, says that the action ponding on the part of his client against Alex, James and Harry Bcsoloff, owing to the antiquated probate laws and pro cedure^ It will cosl - J75 to g?M$lb $6 deposit out otf'the- bank and Into ihc hands of his executor. Jury Reports ?'Suicide." U. S. Commissioner J. B. Marshall summoned a coroner's jury and be gan an inquest last wevcnlng which wns continued until this morning. The following compose the jury: P. Woll and. Frank Gchrlng, Ed. Elllnger. Geo. Simpkins. Frank Purcell nad Charlos Hull. The body was taken to the under taking parlors of the C. W. Young Co. No arrangements have boon announc ed for the funeral. This morning the jury returned a verdict that death resulted from the effects of a self-inflicted pistol shot wound of a 38-callbre revolvor. The witnesses examined wero Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Bilodeau and James H. Russell. NOTED CORRESPONDENT DIES IN WASHINGTON WASHINGTON. Nov. 16. ? Henry Conquest Clark, famous as a nows pnper correspondent, who retired from actlvo' jurnollsttc work several years ago, died here last night. LEO FRANK TO HANG. ATLANTA, Nov.i 16.?All hope of his family fled today whon Loo Frank, tho murderer, was notified that the supreme court or the United States had refused' to annul the death sen tence. STOCK YARDS REOPEN. CHICAGO. Nov. 16?Tho Chicago 1 stockyards. which were closed by tho quarantine on cattle, and the prevo . lonce of tho foot and mouth disease t among cattle, were reopened today by ? permission of tho health department. BISHOP ROWE ON SOUND; , TO SAIL IN DECEMBER SEATTLE, Nov; 16.?Tho Rt. Rev erend Peter Trimble Rowo, bishop o 1 j tho Episcopal diocese or Alaska, has returned from the East and will leave j for Alaska early in December. NEW DREADNAUGHT TO BE DRIVEN BY MOTOR WASHINGTON. Nov. 16?Announce ment was made today by Socrctary ol the Navy Josophus Daniels that the 5 new siupordrcadnaught California wll ?1 be driven by electric motors, whlct i- have just been ordered. if BOSTON. Nov. 16.?A London spec s lal says that 61,000 Americans hav< ' tried to enlist in Canada. POPE ASKS THAT WAR BE ENDED | ROME, Nov. 16.?His Holiness, Popo BenedictU8, published today an ency clical, urging peace among tho war ring nations of Europe. There arc tour causes which lead to the war. These are, according to tho pontiff, "a lack of slncorc and qui tual love among men, a contempt of authority, the injustice on the part of one . class of people against another and the consideration of material wel fare as the solo object of human ac tivity." PAYS WILSON TRIBUTE Washington, Nov. 16.?Presi dent Gutirez, in a telegram today formally notified the United States of his assumption of pow er as provisional president of Mexico. He guaranteed protection to Americans, and all other for eigners. His official communication to Secretary of State W. J. Bryan was submitted to the President. It said, in part: "I rely on the strong sympa thies which the honorable Pres ident of your republic has always shown toward the Mexican peo ple and their institutions and I find gratification in hoping the good relations that have united us with the powerful and highly fcivilfi&d American nation will exist the future. I hope that the armed forces of your govern ment soon will be withdrawn fro ihour port of Vera Cruz; then will our relations be again completely cordialy and close, as they are to be desired between adjoining people that are broth ers by civilization and by com mon ideals." Secretary Bryan also received advices from Consular Agent CslI' nova that the Mexican factions have-satisfactorily settled their differences and Carranza has no tified Gulirrez he will resign in his favor at once. A report from Mexico City says General Carranza agreed to turn over his affairs to General Gonzales, and leave for Havana, providing Villa would do like wise. I ON THE "EVANS." - ! CEATTLE, Nov. 16.?Tho Admiral Evano sailed for Alaska last night Among tho passengers for Juneau'are George M. Mead; C. W. Larson, Thom as C. McGrath, Edward F. Glarbcrg, C. J. McKivcn, J. Katel and two steer age, DR. SHAW HEADS SUFFS. NASHVILLE. Nov. 16. ? Dr. Anna Shaw today was rc-olccted president of tho National Womap's Suffrage As sociation. TOWN IS BURNING. - Vt - PHOENIX, Arix., Nov. 16? An early morning ilro destroyed nine business houses today. The Arc Is still burn ing, but is under control. COSTS $5,000,000 DAILY. LONDON, Nov. 16.?In* tho House ol Commons today Lord Asqulth an nounced tin; war is cjally costing Great Britain $5,000,000. . HOLLAND STACKED HIGH t WITH RIFLES SEIZEC I AMSTERDAM, Nov. 16?The Dutcl , government has seized 6,000,000 rounds Of ammunio'n from French and Bel jjlan soldiers interned in Holland: al . so 30.000 rifles. ) Empire ads roach buyers. ' GERMANS DROWNED IN _FLOOD PARIS, Nov. 16.?According to an official communication is sued today by the War Office at Bordeaux, an entire regiment of German infantrymen were drowned when Belgians sudden ly re-opened the dike sluices in Northwestern Belgium. London, Nov. 16.?As the fight ing armies today entered the fifth week of the battle of Flan ders, the troops faced a blizzard. A storm that swept England Sunday reached Belgium and Northern France today, and it is believed that fighting will tem porarily cease in many parts of the field. Official advices from West Flanders this afternoon said that the snow was ankle deep, and that suffering among the troops--?^ already is keen; KAISER AT COLMAR. Geneva, Switzerland, Nov. 16. ?Emperor William, accompan ied.by his staff, has returned.tu ..cs** Colmar, southwest of the Ger man stronghold of Strassburg. TURKS CLAIM SUCCESS Berlin, Nov. 16.?An official Turkish bulletin today made claims of further successful Ot toman operations against the Russians. MORE OFFICERS FALL. London, Nov. 16.?An official casualty list for November 4, 5, 6 and 7 gives the names of 36 British officers killed, 108 wounded and 47 missing. RASH UTTERANCE .TAILED M. CALLAUX PARIS, Nov. 16.?Lack of Judgment displayed by ex-Premlor Joseph Call laux In a recent speech for which ne today finished a sentence of two veoks in a French fortress Is the subject of surplsed comment (imong promicnt | men here. The' address was made on the fight ing line at Doulcns where, in talking to the troops belonging to hln own political constituency, M. Cnllinux wr.s <tuoted as saying: "If any of you would like to bo transferred to less ^ dangerous positions you have only to tell mo so. The situation Is exceeding ly grave for we are lighting the world j alone. The British Are no holp to j 118. FIFTY MILLION IS GERMAN LOAN TO PORTE LIN'DON, Nov". 16.?A Copenhagen special says that it Is reported that Germany's preliminary war contribu tion to Turkey is $50,000,000. Gor many is understood to bo preparing for a new war loan of $1,250,000. GOVERNOR SIGNS BILL TO LIMIT COTTON PLANT COLUMBIA. S. C., Nov. 16.?Gover nor Blear,e has signed the cotton acreage bill providing that not moro than one-third of the land cultivated In South Carolina in 1915 shall bo planted in cotton. A fine of from $25 to $100 is imposed for each acre planted in the above speculation. EDISON WORKING ON ASPHYXIATION CURE _4.? i BAST ORANGE, Nov. 16.? Tests of.storage batteries deslgcel by Thom as A. Edison mfor use In submarines, to eliminate the danger of suffocation ' by gasscs, which will concluded with in tho next month. Preliminary tests 1 have been untircly satismnctory. i ? "BUSINESS IS BRISK." WASHINGTON. Nov. 16.? Canal tolls collection from August 15 5to5 No vember 1 amounted to $760,000.