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VOL. V., NO. 678. JUNEAU, ALASKA, MONDAY, JANUARY. 25, 1915. ? ? PRICE TEN CENTS.
JACKLING TO WATCH OPENING Bricks of gold bullion will bo mould ed at the Alaska Gostineau mills at Thane sometime early next month, marking the recovery of the first ounce of negotiable gold from tho great property since tho old mill at the Per severance mine burned two years ago. Colonel Daniel Cowan Jackling, vice president of the Gastineau Company, is expected to bo here to witness the removal of the last barrier to actual production. Col. Jackling has written General Manager Bart L. Thane that he will arrive next month, accompan cd by Frank G. Jannoy, manager of ills, of the Jackling companies. Opening a Real Event. As the completion of the famous -hecp Creek tunnel was an event of ?reat importance in the developmnt of the construction program, so is the opening of the mills to steady running, and tho casting of yellow ignot3 dou-j bly so, and all through the mines and mills of the company the men arc hard at work to have everything work Jag smoothly. At the present time the dally schedule is oue of organiza tion. Train crews are being assigned, the entire system of transportation is being arranged, and the mills are be ing tuned up for the millions thoy will grind out for years to come. General Manager Thano is making almost daily visits to the "ore reduc-i tion works and at his office is hanl at work on the annual report which i will be mailed to Hayden, Stone &. Company, underwriters for the com-; pany, some timo next week. The re port is a comprehensive resume of all phases of development, accompanied by Illustrations. One of tho features of the report will be a map, showing a (Continued on Page 2.) AMERICANS SEEK NICARAGUAN CONTROL WASHINGTON, Jan. 25?The Unit ed States government today begun ne gotiations of a new treaty with Costa Rica' designed to compensate the lat ter country for Us rights in the inter oceanic canal rbute over which this country Is seeking to gain control by the treaty with Nicarauga which is now pending in the United States Sen ate. SEEK COUNTY CLERK FOR EMBLEZZLEMENT SPOKANE. Jan. 25.?City and Stato authorities are looking for Former County Clerk Glenn B. Derbyshire, who Is accused of embezzling $4,000 of tho funds of Spokane County. HISTORIC OLD FORT NOW JUSTICE COURT WRANGELL. Jan. 22. ? United States Commissioner \V. G. Thomas has moved his office from the old courthouse to the building known as the "comissary.'* which is part of one of the first forts in Alaska, and is of log construction. LANE URGES DEVELOPMENT BOARD BILL FOR ALASKA ???? NEW YORK, Jan. 25.?Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane says in an article in Outlook magazine, just off the press, that efficient and respon sible administration of Alaska affairs can best be brought about by a devel opment board to be appointed by the President such as that proposed in tho Chamberlain bill. PASSENGERS COMING NORTH ON EVANS SEATTLE, Jan. 25.?Among those booked for Juneau on tho Admiral Ev ans, which will sail for the North to morrow morning are the following: G. A. Minard, N. Steele. George Bragovich. Robert Olson and. L. G. Gee. For Douglas?Ruby North. THE WEATHER TODAY. Maximum?27. Minimum?21. Cloudy. KUSKOKWIM RIVER NOW NAVIGABLE WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.?An official | announcement was made today by Sec retary of Commerce William C. Red field of tho discover}* of practicable navigable channels from the Boring sea into the mouth of the Kuskokwim I river, thus opening tho second great est river in Alaska to commerce. The statement says tho discovery was made by Capt. Lukens of the coast and geodotic survey. Secretary of Commerce Rcdfield adds that plans are being made in Se attle for the construction by differ ent companies of light draft vessels < designed specially to take caro of tho i expected development of commerce on the Kuskokwim river. i THAW APPLAUDED ON WAY TO TOMBS NEW YORK. Jan. 25.?For the first i time since the murder of Stanford i Whito, Harry K. Thaw, his slayer, it; back In tbo Tombs. Thaw arrived from Boston Sunday morning. Wherever Thaw appeared, on the trip from Concord, he wds given a ; demonstration which challenged that ; ever accordod any President. Thaw Is Cheered. NEW YORK, Jan. 25.?When Harry K. Thaw arrived in Boston Saturday night ho was cheered by a great crowd of commuters at the North terminal station. Thaw was hustled through tho station and hurried to a hotel to spend tho night. ' May Test Sanity. NEW YORK, Jan. 25.?A motion was argued in tho New York Supreme court today which, if decided, affirma tively, will send Thaw to Belvue hos pital to dctermino his sanity. BUSINESS IS MORE OPTIMISTIC IN LONDON NEW YORK. Jan. 25.?A London cablo says an increasing optimism re garding the future is now observed in commercial and financial circles. The stock exchange business is increasing. Small lot buying is expanding and the financial sentiment is growing moro confident. GERMANY SENDS TROOPS TO AID HUNGARY NEW YORK. Jan. 25.?A Rome spec ial to the New York Herald says a telegram from Trieste announces that 120,000 German troops have passed through Salburg on their way to join the Austrian armies in Hungary and Bosnia. These troops wcro specially asked for by the Hungarian general staff in order to encourage the rem nants of the Austrian armies. COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATION HEAD SEES IMPROVEMENT WASHINGTON, Jar.. 25.?John H. Fnhcy of Boston, president of the ; United States Chamber of Commerce, who recently discussed business con | dltions with President Wilson said that ; business is slowly but surely improv ? lug. The United States Chamber of , Commerce is at present taking a ref- ' orendum on the ship purchase bill. GOLD COMING FROM CHINA TO AMERICA! NEW YORK, Jan. 23.?The importa-: tion of gold from China by the Guar anty Trust Co., already amounting to j ?1,700,000 with ?1,250,000 moro under! way has accomplished the establish ment of credits In New York instead j of London as heretofore, and the use , of the "dollar. exchange" Instead of ^ pounds sterling. STEEL PLANTS RESUME ACTIVE OPERATIONS PITTSBURGH, Jan. 25.?It was on nounccd here that 49 out of the 50 mills in tho two New Castle plants are now in operation for the first time In sevcaal months. Five hot mills at tho plant of the Youngstown Iron & Steel Company resumed this morn ing. It is announced that the Jobbing mill will resume Wednesday. ROC WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.?Sonator Elihv Root. Republican of Now York, today lead the fight on the administra tion ship-purchasing bill. He charac terized the action of tho Democratic caucus In making the bill a party mea sure as a "conspiracy of silence." Senator John W. Kern, Democrat of Indiana, roplicd to Senator Root, call ing attention to tho circumstances that tho Republicans had had a scoro of years at tinkering with the merchant marine and had done nothing with that as it had done nothing with any of tho other real probloms for the settlement of which the people had been clamoring all tho time. lie char acterized the attitude of Senator Root as a "do nothing but drift" attitudo. REPUBLICAN LEADER MANN ATTACKS PRESIDENT WILSON WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.?Republi can Leader James R. Mann, Saturday xccused President Woodrow Wilson of trying to build up a personal machine with which to capture the Democratic Presidential nomination In 1916. He contended that to renominate Wilson would bo to violate thet Democratic platform declaration in favor of a sin gle term for a President. COLD KILLS SEVERAL IN CENTRAL WEST; CHICAGO, Jan. 25.?Several deaths from freezing are reported In Missouri and Illinois. The temperature throughout the Central West is very low, reaching 20 dogrocs below zero at many points. The suffering is in tense at many places. Cold Zone Is Extensive. WASHINGTON*. Jan. 25.?The cold zone, which has rcachod Its lowest point in the northern Mississippi and the Missouri river regions, extends from the Alieghenny mountans to the Rocky mountains, and as far south as Texas. GOVERNMENT SUES FRENCH CONCERN FOR DUTIES NEW YORK, Jan. 25.?United States has begun suit for $2,501,168 against the New York branch of Sciana & Co., of Paris, on charges of conspiracy and undervaluation of Importations of cos tumes and ostrich plumes. AMERICAN SUBMARINE TO LEAD THE WORLD BOSTON, Jan. 25.?The Navy De partment has awardod the Electric Boat Co., to be built at the Fore River shipyard, Quincy, a contract for the largest sea-going submarine over built In this country and probably in the world. It will cost $1,350,000 and will outclass such submarines as the German TJ-9 class, just as the drcad jaught excelled tho old typo of bat-,, tleshlp. URUGUAYAN MINISTER REPAYS OFFICIAL VISIT WASHINGTON. Jan. 25.?Dr. Juan Darlos Blanco, minister of public works of Uruguay, who has been named to represent his government at the form al opening of the Panama canal arrived In Washington yesterday. His visit is a return visit for tho one mado by Ellhu Root in 1900, when he was Secretary of State. Other rep resentatives of South American repub lics and European nations arc on thoir way to America for the Panama op ening. UNITED STATES REDUCES WAR RISK INSURANCE WASHINGTON, Jan. 25.?The gov ernment war risk Insurance bureau has reduced Us rate on cotton shipments to Ccrmany from G per cent to 3 per cent Tho rate to Rotterdam has like wise been reduced from 3 per cent, to 2 per cent. The rato on dyestuffs from Germany to this country has al so been cut from 3 per cent, to 2 per ccnL The reductions were brought about by tho arrival of the three cot ton ships at Bremen. WASHINGTON, Jar. 25.?Tho Unit ed- StatcB today Issued a statement, prepared Jointly by President Wood row Wilson and Secretary of State William J. Bryan, In defense of its In terpretation of tho rights and duties of neutrals. The statement was incorporated in a lotter to Senator Willlrun J. Stono, of Missouri, chairman of tho Senate commlttco on foreign delations. The lotter replies to tho protest of Ger many and Austria aguinst tho sale of American hydroplanes and aeroplanes and muttons of war to the Alllos. Tho lotter admits frankly that tho countries at war in Europe are al lowed to buy muttons of war in tho United States, and assorts that Ameri cans havo every right under tho laws of Nations to sell thein. Tho letter sets forth tho absolute Impartiality of the United States as to tho various powers engaged in the war, and says that impartial neutral ity Is being rigidly enforced". Germany's Protest. WASHINGTON, Jan," 25.?Germany i protested today to tin >'? Depart- i can hydroplanes and auP^jihyios to the! European belligerents on the ground: that such*Nilrcrnft are war vossols.j They also protest against tho sale of! munitions of war to the countries that are at war. >|? *J? ?j? ?% *J? ?j? ?!? >!? ?J? ?j? ?J? ?J? *? ERITISH AIRMEN ? * DESTROY AUTOMOBILES * * AMSTERDAM, Jan. 25. * Handolsbrad declares today * that British airmen destroyed * had just been completed by the <? ? <? Krupp automobile works, at Es- * ? t sen. <? | ,j, ?j, ,j? ?*, ?*? ?*, .j. ?y .% .*? ?*, ?*, ,y TUG SALVOR Witt WORK ON DELHI WRANCELL, Jan. 25. (Special).? ! The wrecking tug Salvor of "Victoria Is reported to have arrived at Strait Island, whore the steamship Delhi Is wrecked. Before the Salvor could come North I pruilsslon was obtalnd from the [ American authorities, as tho vessel i struck in Alaskan waters. Captain j Logan, of the London Salvage com pany. Is said to hnvc come North to superintend tho efforts of the Salvor to drag tho Delhi from tho rocks. WASHINGTON CONGRESSMAN SEES PUBLIC OWNERSHIP WASHINGTON, Jan. 23.?Tho gov ernment ownership of railroads Is in evitable in the opinion or Represen tative James W. Bryan, of Washing ton, who delivered an address on this topic to the New York Republican club. Concluding a fervid speech, Mr. Bryan said: "Eventually domocracy and tho pco plo and aristocracy and tho corpora tions must grapple in a light to the finish in tho United States." TELEGRAMS CONCERNING CASUALTIES FREE PRINCE RUPERT. Jnn. 18. ? An nouncement is made by the Grand! Trunk Pnclllc Telegraph company that telegrams to and from Military Head quarters, Ottawa, when such messages relate to wounded combatants of the ; Canadian Expeditionary force, will be transmitted free of charge. , , , i MAN KILLED BELONGED TO DAWSON PIONEERS) DAWSON. Jan. 9.?Louis K. Schon-: born, who was murdered a few days' Order of Pioneers; Ho Joined when Dawson in the rush in the early days, and hailed orlglnnlly from Iowa. He was also a Mason. ALASKA GOLD. NEW YORK; Jan. 25.?Alaska Gold PARIS, Jan. 25.?-'The story told by an official statement given out today by the War Office Is one of success for the Allies, though the gains have been admittedly slight. The regions where gains have been made are In Belgium, east of St Coorge'e, In Champagne, and In Ar gonnc, HEAVY FIGHTING IN ALSACE. Heavy fighting Is reported as being In progress In Alsace and In the Vos ges mountain region. ?:* + <> ?;< ?> <> * AMERICAN CONSUL * IS WOUNDED * ? PARIS. Jan. 25.? Benjamin ? ? Morel, United States consular + ? agent at Dunkirk, was one of ? * thoso Injured tho other day at ? ? tho time of the German air + ?> raid. He was wounded by au ? <? exploding bomb. ? ?% ?*? ?*? t^< ?*? ?*? ?J? ^ V ^ V* GERMAN AUXILIARY CRUISER IS INTERNED ? -ft LONDON, Jan. 25.?A Madrid dis patch states that tho German military cruiser Otavl baa been interned at Las Palmas, Cannry Islands. MISSING RETURNS NO HALT TO ASSEMBLY FAIRBANKS, Jan. 25.?Election re turns from a good many precincts of tho Fourth division aro still missing. It is believed hero that there arc so many of them missing that there might be some question as to the le gality of the election, and that some of tho members of the legislature might bo disqualified from sitting in the Second Legislative Assembly. Result Not Affected. "Tho absence of returns from pro cincts will not prevent Issuance by the canvassing board of certificates of election," said Gov. J. F. A. Strong this morning when shown the above press dispatch from Fairbanks. "It is my opinion that when tho canvassing board meets on February 18 all the returns will be in. If any precincts are still unreported all the board can do is to Issue certificates of election on tho returns roccivcd, and report tho other precincts as 'missing.' The canvassing board consists of the Governor, tho Collector of Customs and the Secretary of the Territory. Tho returns arc sent here by the clerks of the court, in each Judicial division. JAPAN AND CHINA TO DECIDE RELATIONSHIP TOKIO. Jan. 25.?The Japanese government has embarked on a serleB of important diplomatic negotiations with China, the object of which la to determine the now status of Japanese relations with China, and decide cer tain questions concerning the new de portment of the Chinese Republic. MINISTER WANTS CHURCHES TO TRY FOR PEACE LONDON. Jan. 25.?A striking pro posal Is put forward In tho Christian i Commonwealth by the Rev. R. J. Campbell; with the object of putting an end to the war. He suggests that! a general council of the Christian! churches of the world bo summoned to "Romo holds tho key of the situa tion. Let her try, and tho Protestants I will think better of her than has been tho case for almost 100 years; and there is precedent for It, as It Is gon jeraJly known that tho Protestants wcro'j summoned to tho Council of Trent inj I tho Sixteenth century. They did not I MASSACHUSETTS MAY TAKE OVER CANAL BOSTON, Jan. 23.?The Journal says that efforts will bo made at this ses sion of the Massachusetts legislature to have the stnte tako over Capo Cod ? 4. * + ?> ? ? GERMANS SAY * + BRITISH LOST SHIP * .t, ? Berlin, Jan. 25.?An official ? <? statement given out today says ?> <? that a British battle cruiser * ? was sunk by German warships ? ? In the naval engagement that * + occurred In the North sea yes* ?#> ? terday. 4* ?F The statement admitted that ?!> 4* the German armored cruiser * + Bluechcr was sunk. * + .> a 4. .;. UNIONISTS DEFEAT REBELS IN SOUTH AFRICA PRETORIA, Jan. 25.?It was official ly announced here today that 1,200 Rebels, with four guns, under com mand of Lieut.-Col. Marltz and Llout. Col. Kemp attacked Uplngton, Bechu analand, and were repulsed. The Rebels left 12 dead and 23 wounded on tho field. The garrison captured 9G prisoners. Tho Union of South Africa forces lost three killed and 22 wounded. GEN. FRENCH SENDING FRESH TROOPS TO FRONT *? ? PARIS, Jan. 25.?Gen. French, of the British army is constantly sending fresh troops to the front to strengthen the lines in tho vicinity of Amiens, and nearer tho coast. GALLIENI AT HEAD OF NEW ARMY IN ALSACE PARIS, Jan. 25.?Gcr,. Gnllieni, who was made military governor of Paris at the outbreak of the war, is at the head of the French operations in Al sace which were begun as au offensive movement to test tho German power of resistenco in that section. Since the test movement began. Gen. Gallleni has been sent to tho front with a new army of 680,000 men. TURKISH WAR ONLY COUNTER IRRITANT ?-J*? CAIRO, Jan. 25.?British military au thorities consider that a Turkish at tack from Palcstino cannot be deferred much longer. Tho forces that the German officers nro bringing against Egypt are large, and if they get with in striking distance of tho British lines thoy will mako a determined effort to break through. Tho Germans are not deterred by misfortunes of the Turks in trans-Caucasia. Their object is not to win fresh victories for the Turks, but to distract tho attention of Great Britain from West Flanders. It is only with this object that thoy embarked in the direction of Egypt, on what from a military standpoint is foredoomed to failure. NEUTRAL NATIONS WORK ' FOR PEACE IN EUROPE LONDON, Jan. 25.?A dispatch to the Daily News from Copenhagen says: "Tho Ncuo Frcic of Vienna publish es a statement that tho queen of Hol land, tho grand duke of Luxemburg, and tho President of Switzerland, un der tho guidance of President Wilson, aro working for peaco and that all tho nionarchs of neutral countries liavo | been invited to join fn a peace move ment." i AUSTRIA RAISES BIG SUM FOR WAR PURPOSES VIENNA, Jan. 25.?Tho Austrian war loan subscriptions were closed Saturday. Tho total amount subscrib ed was stated officially to be $070, 000,000. ROUMANIA MAY ENTER WAR IN FEBRUARY ?* ? ? LONDON, Jnn. 25.?The Sofia cor respondent of tho^Imea wires t'uat RouioanLa will probably attack Austria in the middle of February, invading Transylvania, whero the Roumanian army will co-operate with the Rus sians. The fooling is strong in Roumania that Italy will join the allios in the Spring. [BIG GERMAN CRUISER BLUECHER GOES DOWN IN RAID ON ENGLAND LONDON, Jan. 25.?The Ger man big armored cruiser Blue cher was sunk yesterday and two German battle cruisers were seriously damaged in a run ning battle with the British pa trol squadron. The British vessels suffered only slight injury. The German fleet of heavy cruisers attempted to repeat the attack on Scarborough and Har tlepool, but the attempt was frustrated when the British pa trol squadron intercepted the enemy's ships. Only 123 of the Bluecher's crew were saved. Most of the fighting was at long range. The, British gun nery was more effective than that of the Germans. GERMANS WERE OVER MATCHED. London, Jan. 25.?The Brit ish ships in the engagement that took place yesterday in which the German armored crui ser Bluccher was sunk outnum bered the German vessels and were superior in armament and tonnage and speed. BUECHER WAS NEW SHIP The destroyed Bluccher was of 15,550 tons displacement. She was commissioned in 1908, but was completely rerigged last year, and equipped with modern armament. LIGHT CRUISERS FIGHT. There was also a battle be tween the light cruisers that ac companied the German and Brit ish squadrons in yesterday's bat tle, but the result of the en gagement has not yet reached the admiralty. RUSSIA CLAIMS TO DOMINATE BLACK SEA PETROGRAD, Jan. 25.?The Rus slan Black Seat fleet practically dom inates that water now. At tbo Turkish bases of Sourmono and Riza wo have destroyed 51 Turk ish vessels. RUSSIA SENDING TROOPS INTO SERVIAN TERRITORY VIENNA, Jan, 25.?It Is reported at this place that Russia has sent troops to Scrvia to assist that country in its war on Austria. That Russia has sent supplies to the Servian troops is also reported. BIG GUNS STRENGTHEN BRITISH POSSESSIONS *?' ? LONDON. Jan. 25.?The British on tho Armcntiercs-Lillo-Labasso lino havo been strengthened with new high power artillery, and a big gun duel la again in progress. Lillo has been under heavy gun fire three months and a halt and Is in ruins Of the normal population of 225,000, not moro than 100,000 remain. Tho Germans havo been trying to turn tho city into an Impregnable fort ress, and have erected strong works on every side. BRITISH SHIP OWNERS LIKE LOOKS OF THINGS LONDON, Jan. 25.?British shipown ers believe tho first six months of 1915 will bo one of the most prosper ous periods ever known. Thoro aro at present 1200 British steamers un der charter to the government. NORWAY TO STRENGTHEN HER ARMY AND NAVY ?'h? LONDON, Jan. 25. ? It is learned that bills are to bo submitted to Nor way's parliament to strengthen tho land and sea forces, and impose new taxes