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Kaiser Stakes All oft Success of Blockade
GERMANS SUNIv NOR^GIAN WITH SUBMARINE ? : W.T,.A,A A A KsJL&&TJLA tJLjI SAN FRANCISCO'S EXPOSITION OPENS MIDST ENTHUSIASM1 SAN FRANCISCO. Feb. 20.?Midst scenes of enthusiasm, surpassing any thing ever witnessed in this city, to tho accompaniment of artillery sa lutes from many directions and all manner of whistles and noise making devices, the great doors to the exhibit palaces of the Panama-Pacific Expo sition swung open at 9 o'clock this morning when President Wood row Wilson touched an electric key at the White House. Not until a half million people, who Instantly caught the signal marking the opening of the great fair, had ex hausted their power to cheer, did the speaking begin. President Charles C. Moore, of the exposition, Gov. Hiram W. Johnson, and Mayor James Rolph, jr., made addresses. The enthusiasm of the city broke lose this morning with the break of day, and. notwithstanding the threat ening weather, it gathered force, reaching the climax when the Presi dent's touch signaled that the dream of California's great city had come true. Parctlcally all of San Francisco and surrounding cities marched to the Fair grounds, and witnessed the open ing. The crowds poured into the streets early, overtaxing the street cars and other conveyances, and then set out in a score of processions on as many streets for the Fair grounds. The approach of the hour of open ing was signalled by artillery salutes which boomed out over the noise and confusion of the multitudes. REPRESENTATION IS GREAT. The exposition was ready for the opening day. and, despite mist and drizzling rain, it presented a magnifi cent panorama. Forty-one Nations, 43 States and three Territories were represented in the opening exercises PRESIDENT READY TO NAME COMMISSION WASHINGTON*. Feb. 20.?President Wood row Wilson told callers this morning that he will name the mem bers of the nowly created trade com mission within a few days. President Wilson regards the trade commission as one of the most im portant branches of the government, and he has taken great pains to sat isfy himself as to the qualifications of those who have been suggested for places on It. It is understood that the appoint ment of President Hurley, of tho Ill inois .Manufactures' Association, Sec retary Davies. of tho Democratic Na tional committee. Roberts, of Georgia, JReckord, of New Jersey, and Parry, of Washington, are the best guesses on tho composition of the board. The first three named are Democrats and tho last two are Progressives. ALAMEDA TOUCHES BEACH NEAR SHEEP CREEK The Alameda grounded last night about 100 yards below the Standard Oil company's dock when backing out from the Sheep creek dock. She was floated on the high tide and no dam age resulted. The eport that the vessel had grounded at the Standard Oil com pany's dock was erroneous. She did not stop at that dock. - ? ??. RIDDELL IS RELEASED. ??- J?? William Rlddell, arrested last night on a charge of giving thrco quarts of liquor to an Indian in return for a gold watch and pin, was released af ter a hearing before Commissioner J. B. Marshall this afternoon. An "ad" In The Empire reaches ev erybody. THE WEATHER TODAY. Maximum?41. Minimum?20. CLEAR. CHINA REJECTS DEMANDS Of j THLJAPANESE PEKING, Feb. 20.?China has re : jected the demands made by Japan, j but, instead of laying stress on the! Manchurian situation, she states as j her principal reason for the rejection ' the demand of Japan that: "No island, port or harbor along the Chinese coast shall be ceded or leased to any third power." China asserts that Japan omitted this article in reporting her demands to the powers, and especially refused! to permit the "third party" feature of! i it to become known. i KILLED TO PROTECT, DEFENDANT TESTIEIES): Alice Cox took the stand In her own - i behalf at 2:30 o'clock this afternoon i and until 3:45 underwent a searching I cross-examination by U. S. Attorney j < John J. Reagan. She said the reason j i she shot "Red" Baker -was because she thought she had to do It to pro tect herself. "I was scared, I thought j t he was going to kill me. he had said t ho was going to kill "you Siwash ' i ? ' and ho showed by his t looks that he might do anything." the j i witness testified. : i A plea of self-defense featured her J testimony throughout. She said her I reason for telling E. J. Hunsaker and 1 J. Prcndergast, on the morning after: I the shooting, that George Waydellch 1 had fired the shots, was becauso she < feared bodily harm, as she was an In I dian woman. c Tho case may not go to the Jury 1 this evening, but an effort is being < made to end the case today. Defendant Cries. When the 30-30 calibre rifle with t which she killed "Red" Bakor last c September was brought into the Unit- I ed States district court yesterday, to be exhibited as evidence, tho defend- t ant sobbed bitterly, and burled her | I head in her arms as tho weopon was j I shown to the Jury. ' Judge Robert \V. Jennings, before. \ whom the .Cox woman is being tried for murder, was called upon during,' i the first day of tho trial to rule on - i several Important questions. A. B. Callaham, counsel for the defendant,] raised the question that any state-' i mcnt or confession that the defendant t had made at the coroner's Inquest i t over Baker's remains could not be t material because, he contended, tho t Cox woman had not been warned, at r that time, that the statement or con fession could be used against her. c Judge Jennings held that insofar as I the defsndant's statement related to t happenings from the time she, "Red," c Baker and young George Waydelich n bad gone from the launch to the cabin c on tho Waydellch farm, the ovidcncc was material to tho Case. c ueaa eoy s ncmarxi nciiu. i A statement made by young George; t Waydelich some time before ho died: In a local hospital last December, was t read in court. Tho deposition went! 1 on to say that when tho deponent and : 1 Alice Cox and Baker went to tho ca- ! a bin ho was loft outside, tho woman j and Baker entering. Waydelich heard: ^ a scuffle which lasted several mln-i utcs. Ho also hoard Baker declare; his intention to assault the Cox wo-| man. The latter kept Baker at bay, according to the deposition, and after 1 the struggle was over, throw tho rifle I * out of the door. It was then about! ^ S o'cioc.1 at night Soon afterwards, 1 Baker came out of the house and I started for the launch. It was while he was walking to the boat that the 1 Cox woman picked up tho gun and 1 shot and killed Baker, the deposition . recited. As the only eye witness to tho tra.T- 1 cdy is dead, the statement made to * tho coroner's jury by Alice Cox was \ testified to. P. G. Barnett testified ' that the defendant had said, after she ; fired the first shot, that she "didn't 1 want to cripple Baker," and then fired (Continued on Pago 5.) ? With the arrival this morning of Represeutadvo Arthur G. Shoup, of Sitka." ft was formally announced that the campaign for speakership of the House iu the Alaska Legislature will bo between the Sitka member and Earnost B. Collins, of Fairbanks, who wielded the gavel in the lower chatu bor of the assembly at the initial ses sion two years ago. Mr. Collins ar rived hero yesterday from Cordova, with Senator 0. P. Gaustad of Fair banks, Senator O, P. Hubbard, of Val dez and Representatives Chester K. Snow, of Ruby, T. B. Tansy, of Keu necott and T. H. Holland of Chltlna. j Just how far the support of eac)i candidate is lined up is a mattor of tho widest conjecture at this time,, as less than half tho members of the Assembly are In tho city, indications aro that Mr. Collins will receive the undivided Fourth Division delegation, while it Is said Mr. Shoup has been assured of support from this Divis ion. The legislators who arrived yoster lay from Southwestern Alaska today visited tho Houso and Senate quar ters on tho third floor of the Gold jteln block, and expressed their pleas ?ommltteo quarters and legislative LawmflKCrs ?rc vuminy. By Monday night, when the steam-] ihip Spokane will arrive from Seat- j :le, tlie majority of the House and Senate will bo here. It is understood j hat the legislators who are pa38cn-' ;ers from Seattle on the Spokane nre; Senator Charles A. Sulzer, of Sulzer, t Senator Dan Sutherland of- Ruby, and ' Representatives J. R. Heckman. of: Ketchikan, Daniel Drlscoll, of Fair tanks. and Note Coombs. James P.j Daly and Martin Moran, of the Sec-; >nd Division junta. Senator Benjamin P. Millard of Val loz, and Representatives William T. 3urns of Fait banks, W. W. Gotchcll >f Nome, Choc. A. Day, of Valdcz and lohn Noon of Seward, w.'ll arrive noxtj Thursday night on tho Alameda, from! he Westward. Representative Got ihell made 'die trip out from the Far <orth, by dcgsled. With Senate r Frank A. Aldricli, who tas been in Juneau for six weeks, Representative-.- James P. Daly and dartin Moran mado the trip from! Romo in tho Silver Wave, which was; vrcekcd at Sand Point. Senator J. M. Tanner, of Skagway. s expected to arrive from the North icxt week. Clerkships Are Sought. For tho sixteen appointive positions,, n tho 1'ogislaturo there are at least j hlrty applicants, and the dlstrlbu ion of patronage to the various can lldatcs cannot be forecasted until ho legislators Informally caucus, irobably next Saturday or Sunday. Barry Kcown, who was chief clerk ?f the House In 1913, has arrived from ! Rome, and is again a candidate for he position. L. E. Spray, O. A. Tutfk r and James McKauna. of Juneau; ire also candidates for the House ilerkship. Harry F. Morton, assistant Senate ilerk at tho session two years ago,: s a candidate for the clerkship in tboj ipper body of the assembly. Evan S. Bruner or Yaldez, a bro-( her of tho late Senator Bruner, also s a candidate for a clerical position, fe served In tho Senate two years igo as enrolling clerk. TAFT AND ROOSEVELT BOTH AGAINST PRESIDENT! //ASHINGTON, Feb. 20.?It is stat :d on tho authority of one of tho Re tubllcan Senator;: that former Prcsl lenta William H. Taft and Theodore toosovelt are of one accord in the low that the ship purchase project would prove a bad thins for the coun ry and that ft is-the duty of the Ro mciican party to defeat it." Tho suggestion that Mr. Roosevelt ins taken a hand in tho fight against he President's plan for providing ai ellof for tho commerce of the country! s held as a further Indication that the orrncr chief of tho Progressive party! s getting ready to come back to tho: >arty of "his fathers." Ar. "ad" in The Empire reachos ev erybody. j Tho $1,500,000 crushing. mill of the j Alaska. Gastlae&u Mining Company at Thnno, which lias boon building for most full blast today. General Mana ger Bart L. Thape Is at; Thane today, watching the mill in its first real trlol. A party of friends accompanied_hitn to tho mill, among thorn being l?ew!s P. Shackloford and W. S. Bayless, of tho legal department of tho company. Tho mill's Initial capacity of 2500 tons of rock will be increased when the second section is added in another i sixty days and the finnl two sections j of the mammoth plant will be working i by midsummer, it is estimated. Word from Thane this afternoon is : that In the mill today everything ran smoothly and the rock trains aro ar riving regularly from the Pcrscver anco mine loaded with ore. oil States So'nnte yesterday evening i Senator Wesley L 'Jones, thanking officers and nVojnb*; - of the crow of the steamship Cordova of the Alaska Steamship company for their work lit rescuing the 00 survivors of the Unit ed States revenue cutter Tahoima. The oflicors nml crew of thfl Cor dova had already boon roniembered by souvenir presents from tho coast j guard (formerly revenue marine) ser-J * ?[. * ?> .% .> ; ? NO PAPER MONDAY. *! v- Monday, which In the lS3rd *! ? anniversary of P residot -M ? Georgo Washington's birth, will +; <? bo a logs! holiday and Tho Km- +i ? plro will not be issued on that ? + dato. Tho holday will go gener- ? ? ally observed all over Alaska. ?S*j + ? * ? + * ? + * * ? ? * ?> + +1 GOV. YATES REFUSES TO DISCUSS CALIFORNIA SUIT; CHICAGO. Feb. 20.-?Former Gov.j Richard D. Yatos of Springfield, at, the Hotel I.aSallo last evening, rofus ed to discus the divorce proceedings; of Edw. R. Freeman, of Eureka, Cnl..j in which the former governor was) named as co-respondent. lie came to; Chicago to address the Independent! Telephone Asoclatlon regarding public] utilities. When askod for a statement regarding tho California episode he throw up both hands and shook his head and smilied. "That's all," ho said. SLAYER OF RAILROAD OFFICIAL IS DEAD SEATTLE, Feb. 20.--Richard Irnen to, who last Monday shot and killed Charles O. Drydeh. assistant claim agent for the Northern Pacific, and in flicted wounda upon It. E: Patton, time keeper for the same company, from which ho subsequently succumbed, died here yestcday. HIS death was the result of wounds caused by the police when ho attempt ed to escape after the tragedy In the Northern Pacific offices. He was shot seven times before the police succeed ed in capturing him. Imento had "been eroployod by the Northern Pacific and sustained injur ies for which he was endeavoring to sccuro a settlement Delay and brood ing over hjs troubles caused him to become insane, and the murdorouu as sault followed. NEW YORK'S OLDEST SCHOOL TEACHER DIES NEW YORK. Feb. 20. - Nathan Beers, for 65 years a school teacher and for many yean- principal of schools, died here today. Col. George V.'. Goctlials was once ono of h.'? pu pils. He hold the record for contin uous service as a teacher. The Empire circulation leads. Try advertising in It NORWEGIAN SUNK BY SUBMARINE ?j. *-? *?*. ?< ?*? ?j? ?j? ij? * + ? NORWAY LOSES 4* ? ANOTHER STEAMSHIP + ? NAKSKOV.. Denmark, Feb. * ? 20.?'The Norwegian atoamahlp * v Bjarko struck a mlno thla morn- ??> ' 4- -tag and sunk. He r crew waa * ? reaciied. 4* v *1* *!' * ??? *!* ?/ '!* v v v LONDON, Feb. 20.?The Admiralty:, announced thic morning that the Nor-j, wegian steamship Belridge did not', strike a mino, but that she was tor-r, pcdoed by a German submarine In the , Strait of Dover. Pieces of the torpe-!, j do were found aboard the vessel, andj j I the proof is positive that she met her| j fate at the hands of a submarine. < It is believed here that the proof , , of the sinking of the Belridge by a ; , German submarine is likely to add dif- v : flcultiea for Germany more potent than the general displeasure of the ; neutral countries at the war zone pro- ( clamation. The crew of the Belridge were res cued when the ship wan run ashore: after being torpedoed. French Crew 8aved. Tho French Steepler DInorab, which ( The Germans lout two Zeppelins y yesterday when thoy became injured f Not to Sink Americans. c Secretary of State William J. Bry- r an said last night that Germany had j assured the United States that that country 1$ not waging war on Amerl- f can shipping, and that German sub- v marine and naval commanders had p been warned to uso every caro not n to sink American vessels, but that the t government would not admit liability in the event of an accidental destrue- j tion of a noutral ship. ? ? BRITAIN USING AIRSHIPS AS MEANS OF DEFENSE a LONDON, Fob. 20.?Great Britain 1b j, using aircraft in her system of do- ? fonse against Gorman submarines t; They aro prepared to report by a slg- \ nailing system the presence of subrna- g rlncs, and battles between acroplanos t< and Zeppelins in the nlr arc moment-1 j| ar.'ly i-xpectcd. YANKEE GOLD WANTED ' t: TO GILD LONDON SEASONic LONDON, Feb. ? Certain disting- b dished leaders of London soc'oty. g among thorn the Duchoss of Marlbor ough, Mrs. John Autor and Lady Pa- p got, have started a movement to in- c duco wealthy Americans of the social- n By elect to pay their usual spring vis- a It to London. b The hope that there will be some p kind of a season, war or no war, can bo fulfilled only of money from tbo , other side of the Atlantic is available to replenish the dwindling exchequer of the British bl'uebloods. Then, again, London hostesses feel that, White It might not bo proper for tl thorn to entertain to any great extent v in war time, there is no reason why j( Americans should not mnko an attempt b to revive the pristino glories of May- R fair during May, June, and July. t] With that idea In view the Duchess a of Marlborough and her frtonds have t] organized an informal league to write c letters to acquaintances in the Now York and Newport smnrt sots urging d tho advisability of dropping over this e way at their usual time. It is under-' ^ stood itcrc tbat Alfred \randerbilt and L Other members of his family arc man- t! aging the Now York end of this uni- ? quo campaign. ! BRYAN MOVES TO AID I AMERICANS AGAIN c: WASHINGTON*. Fob. 20.?Secretary ofo State William J. Bryan Is pre paring plans to aid Americans in Bel gium, France, Holland, Denmark, -Nor way. Sweden and Great Britain, the is countries involved In ttie new German si war ione order, to .secure safe passage 51 to the United Stater. \Vhother an Atnerlcau warship will bo placed at made Is not known at. this time. d SUBMARINE BLOCKADE IS GERMANY'S LAST STAND EOR VICTORY BRITAIN WON'T | ORDER USE OF AMERICAN ELAG WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.?The text of the British reply to the American note of protest against the use of the American flag by British merchant men was received today. The reply jays, In effect, that while the govern ment will not order the commander of merchant ships to use the Amerl :an flag, she will not undertake to stop the practice entirely. The ef cct of the order ir. to leave the ques don of tho use of the flag to the In Jivldaul commanders of vessels and ( ;o settle any controversy that might irise in connection with the practice vhen it arises. SEN. OTIS'SON-IN-LAW UNDER INDICTMENT I LOS ANGELES. Feb. 20. Harry 'handler. aslsstant manager of the ( >08 Angeles Times aad son-in-law of ion." Harirsoir Gray Otis, owner iof | hat paper, was Indicted yesterday by he Federal grand Jury in connection rith an alleged conspiracy which had J or its object tho occupation of Lower California. Waiter Bowkcr, of thla ity, 23. J. Viljoen, former Boor com dander, and former Gov. Aviiez, of ajwer California, also were Indicted. It is alleged that a well defined plan or the capture of Lower California t ;as developed, and that it was the i mrpose of some of tho conspirators, ( t least, subsequently to ask tho ( Inited States for annexation. I )AVID STARR JORDAN TALKS OF PEACE SAN JOSE, Calif., Fob. 20? In an ddress hore Dr. David Starr Jordan i linnccllor of Stanford University, ox rocsod tho belief that conditions in , l.iropc wore so ahap'ng then;.oolve3 : hat it was not unlikoly that Present VilEon would proffor once more tho ' ood offices of the country ns media- c 5r to the European war powers, and, * t so, they would again fee refused. Dr.. Jordan said ho had received lot- s ?rs from German friends dwelling on r ho suffering In their land and dis using the posolbii'ty of Certain evac-i jj ation of Belgium, The letters stated.: o said, that sentiment in favor of; ettlug out of Belgium was growing.!} "There is an organizod body of;; cace ndvocntes in Holland ready to: , o-oporate in an attomtp to obtnin lediation," he said, "and resolutions doptcd throughout America will also ,r oar fruit through their effect on tho ' eople of Europoo." 1 ~ JHICAGO NEWSPAPERMAN J URGES NEUTRALITY, ??? CHICAGO, Feb. it'. - Speaking to he Chicago Press Club, Charles N. Wheeler, of the Chicago Tribune, who J8t returned from Europe, told of the e orrors of the war, as he seen thsm, i r nd made a plea for every citizen of 'I tie United States to remain neutral a nd bend his efforts toward peace to! 10 end that civilization might be sav- p d from chaos. j U Speaking of the "brced-before-you-! ie-policy" Mr. Wheeler said that cv- c ry soldier was expected by his gov-I rumcnt to marry before going to the attle zone. He addod that 13 was g ic expectation of English statesmen, p 1th whom he had talked that the a iws governing Illegitimacy of children otild havo to bo set aside, tacitly at! a iast, by the government after the i< lone of the war. ! i ? b ROSE COUGLAN BANKRUPT c ?v?" | I NEW YORK, Fob. 19.?Rose Cougb- o in, the actress, Is bankrupt for the a icoud time. Hor liabilities are ?9,- b 18; assctG, about $450. v ? b Th? Empire guarantees its adver- tl sera tbo largest circulation of any t ally paper published In Alaslra. a COPENHAGEN, Feb. 20.?That the submarine blockade of British and French ports is the last stand of the German Empire in the war Is practi cally admitted In a statement made by Vice-Admiral Kerchoff of the German navy, telegraphed from Hamburg. The naval officer admits that upon the navy rests the burden of victory or defeat for Germany and the fate of the Empire. The statement is made that Germany cannot hope for victory If her enemies are permitted to secure foodstuffs and army equipment In the markets of the world. The fact that Germany Is suffering for lack of both Is intimated. W.LHELMINA'S CARGO CONDEMNED London, Feb. 20.?An announcement jf the price court today that the car jo of the Wllhclmlna was subject to reizure also contained a broad hint that all foodstuffs consigned to Ger nany should be considered as contra sand. The British government announced, jpon receipt of the opinion, that still riorc drastic steps will be taken to jrcvent traffic between neutral coun ties and Germany. WAR ZONE ORDER DISTURBS TRAFFIC ?*!*??? LONDON, Feb. 20.?WMle .(ho Lon Ion pess continues to assert that the, Brltlsh navy, is amply prepared to do end merchant shipping against the German blockade, there Is no doubt >nt that temporarily, at least, traf 1c conditions have been very much listurbed. Passenger traffic has prac '.cally come to a standstill, and trade vith Holland has been completely In crrupted. At least, there are no ves els now running on regular schedule between the two countries. The destruction of a French and a Norwegian merchant ship since tbo naugurntion of tho blockade had a leprcsslng influence in shipping dr ies, and insurance rates havo ad 'anced to a point that makes freight ariffs almost prohibitive, oven for hips sailing without previously ar anged schedule. Most of the sailings from all ports ire purposely on secret schedules. This adds to tho difficulties of those vho are seeking to continue trade vith Franco and Mediterranean and American ports. The order of the admiralty suspend ng passenger traffic between Great Ir'taiu and the Continent, and the epc-atcd reports of tho presence of 'eppclins over British waters observi ng the movements of neutral mer hunt ships, and probably, directing ubmarines, havo added to tho ap irehension of the people. ALLIES CONTINUE AGGRES SIVE. ?? LONDON. Feb. 20.?The Allies have ontlnucd a'ggrcslsvo opeartlonB at va ious points along the western front, 'here has been little chango In the ltuation. Advices from the eastern front ro tort no change in the situation at any lOinL iERBIANS MAY INVADE ALBANIA. BERLIN, Feb. 20.?Dispatches from lofia state that Serbia is preparing or the Invasion of Albania, and that n army Is already at the border. The report Is regarded as Import nt here as likely to have controlling nlluenco upon the action of Italy, 'hat country has Insisted that Al ania must either remain an Indopcnd nt kingdom In accordance with the .ondon ngrconient nt the termination f tho Balkan war or that she become dependency of Italy. It is bollcved y tho Gorman government that Italy fill resent an Invasion of "the country y Serbia and that It would eliminate he possibility of the union of tho Drcca of Italy and Serbia In a war gulnst Germany.