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Oh m 111: i n n 11 n i-n n i:! 11: ? 111: n i i i;: ? 1111 ni* FIRST GUN OF CIVIL WAR 1 ? ? + -H-H' H-t mm -i-w : 11: r 11; 111:1111 r 11 n 1111-n-i-i-M-i-i i: i In the black hour Just beforo dawn on April 1Z. 1S61, Charleston. S. C., lay like a c'ty of the dead. At a cas ual glance the low-lylng town seemed sound asleep amid its swarups and sand barren*. In the harbor's narrow est part on a tiny island, stood a misshapen and very ugly little new. built fort. From the apparently slum bering city thousands of eyes were stealthily watching the twinkling tights of this fort?Fort Sumpter? c." : ? . r:. Then?at 4:30 A. M.?a single gun's report split the silence. And. on the lxwtant. tho sound was caught up by all tho harbor forts and batteries. Tho darkness war illuminated by myriad glares of red tight. Shot and shell screamed across the black water, whistling around that single ugly lit tle fort. The Civil War was on. Tho Confed erate government had opened fire on a United States fort?on the Ameri can flag. For years the war had seemed in evitable. The government and the Northern p opte at largo had refused to believe tho South would secede. There had been long and wearisome talk of compromise, of mutual con cessions. of tho certainty of peace. But the Southerners saw the war com ing and they made ready for it On muster grounds, on village greens, ev en in school yards, men and boys were forever drilling. Arms and am munition were collected; at first sec- 1 retly. then openly. Then, one by one. the Southern States seceded. And each of them promptly seized such United States ; forts, arsenals, worships, etc., as lay within Its boundarlc. South Carolina had long clamored for secession. She was quick to leave the Union. It scorned child's play to capture such ill-defended Government property as lay In and around Charles ton. And. but for one loyal and gal lant Union officer, the seizures could have been made without striking a blow. Major Robert Anderson, U. S. A., was In command of Fort Moultrie, on the water-edge near Charleston. He had a garrison of seventy-five men. Fort Moultrie was weak, from the landward side. With his handful of soldiers Anderson could not possibly hope to defend it So he destroyed its guns, did air the damage ho could to such stores and munitions as he could not carry away, and he moved his garrison and provisions over to Fort, Sumpter. Sumpter was the on ly stronghold of all thoso In and around tho harbor that ho had a chance to save for the Union. And he concentrated his puny force there. Before tho Confederates knew what ho was up to he had left tho badly damaged Fort Moultrie behind him;' was snugly enscoased at Sumpter, and; had notified tho government to send! him relief. A steamship, carrying reinforce meats, ammunition and food was rush ed to him from Washington. The Con federates drove it away. A relief squadron of three ships was fitted [>ut. but It came to grief outside the harbor bar. Anderson, cut off from aid. was left to handlo the situation as best ho could. He was short of men. of food, of immuuition. The Confederates call ed on him to surrender the fort. He refused, but at last agreed to give up If relief did not reach him by April 16, 1S61. Tho answer did not suit he Confederates. And early oa April 12 they opened fire on Sumpter. For thirty-six hours the bombard nent raged, evorv gun in the harbor >eing brought to bear on the doomed ittle fort. Some of tho Sumptor can- ' ion were hit and put out of com ntssion. Wide gaps were hammered n the walls. The favorite taget of he Confederate gunners seemed to ? the American flag that floated over 1 he beleagured island. For tho flag taff was struck eight times. At last 1 ts staff was splintered near It peak. 1 lergt. Peter Hart climbed up. under;' whirlwind of shot , and nailed Old ' llory to" what was left of the pole. ! The walls were selves, the buildings ( ere afire, the ammunition was gone. 1 tut he refused to give up the flag. 1 ie kept it. and four years afterward, tised it with his own hands above * He recaptured fort. Later the same 1 ag was used as his burial sheet. ; Sumpter's fall endod all talk of the 1 ompromise or of concialiation. The rst shot at Old Glory had been the rst shot in a four-year war. NOTICE. Notice is hereby given that I will [ at be responsible for debts contract- . 1 by my wife, Mary K. Brewer. Dated at Juneau. Alaska. Feb. 23 . >15. J. S. BREWER. 23-tf } 52 SHIRTS, 51.25 I SWEATERS, 54 "The Hub" 11 MBBBiiaiamHaCManBBBBMHB g DELMONICO s BEST PLACE IX T3E CITY FOR GOOD ? Oyster*. Crab* and FuL of all Kinds GOOD STEAKS AND CHOPS ?X* Dfemerat Reasonable Prices \*C? v _________________________ E % Baggage and General Hauling % 0 | COAL: COALS I | ? A.H. HIMPHERIBS Valctine Bids. ? ? ? Tclephoacs: Office 258; Bara 226 ? V tiMiimHininiioiimi C W. W1NSTEDT ARCHITECT J SUPERINTENDENT e< Office -2ad Floor, Neil to ??* Post Office j" ALASKA MEAT COMPANY John Reck. Mgr. , " Wholesale and Retail Butchers !l (? Manufacturers of aJi Kinds of Sausages Our Hams and Bacon Arc n Home-Smoked c ir ISOLD ON 53 YEARS RECORD STTlfS, SIZES A8Q PRiCjS TO SUIT ALL THE MAN WHO i I is bis mmm i to profit by experience gets on ; u the smoothest. By buying a "cheap" stove or range you inake a mistake. y By buying a Charter Oak, you H do not make a mistake, you g save fuel, trouble and money i\ a a . 111 tne ena- 1 t rc I g Profit by the experience of those vrho have used Charter Oak ;j a; LI Stoves and Ranges. | i ^ I- a For Sale by THE JUNEAU FURNITURE COMPANY "The Hone Furabbcri" Cor. 3rd aad Seward Su. U] f piSJ AND PIANO PL AIMS I H Z i ' V-k Edison Diamond Disc Phonographs, 4 P1 I COLUMBIA TALKING MACHINES. VICTOR VICTRO' AS t % > ?> 3l, ? 15.000 Record.. (or All Machlaea. Sheet Ma.lc, Small Moalcal loatramenta O \ JUNEAU MUSIC HOUSE 15 ? Elmer E. Smith. Prop. THREE STORES. J. P. L. Graves, Mgr. <> ua I Retail Drag Store, Donjjlas. Front Street Drug Store, Douglas ? dl; ? . - . - .................. m; ^'th I SPECIALS GROCERIES j I ; 1 <? ? o . . " | For a few days we are offering several SPECIALS % | jj on GROCERIES. It will pay yoo to come and | j ; ? | see ns before baying elsewhere, fi fl $ fi $ | p j* hJRAIMOND III | j Ahead! Doc? your roof re quire repairing? Hare your tr?rk done by expert*. We cany the beat equip ment and material! for all kinda ol rod in J. MARSHALL 6 NEWMAN Roofer*. Plumber* and Sheot Metal Worker* PHONE 873 INDIGENT HOME ASKS fOR HELP With a pica for further improve ments at the Homo, la order that the Indigent Pioneers shall spend their last days in Alaska amid the most comfortablo surroundings, tho Board of Trustees of the Sitka Plonoera' Homo, a Territorial Institution creat ed by the Legislature two years ago. yesterday filed Its first report to tho Senate. Tho report is signed by Gov ernor J. F. A. Strong, chairman of tho board, W. P. Mills, Treasurer and George Kostrometinoff, Secretary. Proof of tho hard fight to keep the Institution alivo during tho past two years is cointalned In tho foreword of tho report, which says: "At ono timo it was feared by the Board that tho appropriation made for the maintenance of tho Home would be exhausted before another approp riation could bo mado by tho Legisla ture. Happily, such foar proved groundless and tho Homo was enabled to continue through appropriations re ceived from tho federal Indigent fund from tho judges of the four judicial divisions, for tho support of inmates from their respective divisions." Shoup's Work Praised. In praise of SupL A. G. Shoup, tho Board says they "feel that they can not ciosc this report without render ing duo acknowledgement of the in valuable sen-ices of Honorable Arthur ' 3. Shoup, a member of your honorable ' body, in the establishment and con- * iuct of the Home. The success ichieved In its management has been 3 iue largely to his unselfish efforts in jehalf without other compensation ? han tho knowledge that ho was as sisting in making tho declining days - jrighter, happier and easier for men vho have spent their years in Alaska ' is trail-blazers and pioneers in a new and." Character of Inmates In his attached report, Supt. A. G. >houp says: "Almost all of the men who have *> :onie to the Alashka Pioneers' Home ' iro of the highest type of American ' rall-blazcrs. They aro men who have * ived alone In tho silent plates, and re of a naturally adventurous dispo- l ition. In fact, it is this very quality c hat has kept them upon tho Alaska rontier, and it is to such men that ho Territory must credit much of j is development. C "Some friends of tho Institution aye suggested that more rigid dls ipline should be enforced upon these t Id men in this Home. To mo, how- i ver, it seems that to annoy these g ien with unnecessary restrictions ? ?ould be an unklndncss that Is not r ailed for. The Alaska Pioneers' [omo was established as a place here these men might spend tholr i] ecllning years in comfort, arid is In jnded as a partial reward for their n ath-flndlng son-ices. To avoid re- o iraint was one of tho factorR which ? lade them independent prospectors ? ad frontiersmen. And, as a matter of v ict, the best way, in my opinion, to isure good comfort and avoid friction mong such men is to allow them to ti Slow their own inclinations as much it i possible. The)'. like alt of their jc md, are big-hearted and generous to 3] fault, and arc tho last men in tho orld to Impose upon the rights of hers or to allow others to impose son them. Of course, there have ;cn some occasional cases cf admit og men who never were or any use id they have given some trouble; it for such cases there Is the sira- c: e remedy of summary dismissal ia ota tho Homo. Instances of'tntcxi tlon here have been exceptional. jc wing to the weakened physical re- aj 3tencc of theso men, If for no other oc ason. intoxication cannot be permit- in d mong them under any circum- ta ince and that is ono thing against tb rich a positive rule has been estab- or hed. The most effective factor in gi icouraging heavy drinking by an In ite of the Alaska Pioneers' Home Is p bad standing ho thereby estab- i<, Uohoa for himself among hi:; com rades. "Much or the success of the Alaska Pioneers' Home ? so far, which has been under rather adverse conditions, Is largely due to tho hearty mora) sup port tendorod by tho people of Alaska, and I wlah particularly to thank thoso who have assisted with genorou.-. pres ents at each Christmas time, and In donating books for a library. For tho support given, and confidence reposed by tho Board of Trustees, 1 am deep ly grateful" Expenses At the' present time tho Home has a balnnco of $11.52. Tho total approp riations for the Home havo been $17*? 859.01. The total expenditures have' been $17,847.49. Tho aid of tho Foderul Judges in Alaska, who are disbursing officers of the indigent fund, was invokod in -maintaining the Sitka Home. The re port shows tho following appropria tion: from July 4, 1913, to March 1, 1915': 1913?July 4. Appropriated by Legislature ? $10,000.00 1914?May 20. From Judge Jennings, 1st Div 30.00 From Judge Brown 3d Dlv 200.00 From Judge Fuller. 4th ... . From Judge Booker Fu June 8 FromvJudgo Jen nings, 1st Dlv. 1349.00 July 2. From Judge Brown, 3rd Dlv 270.00 Aug. 31. From Judge Fuller. 4th Div. 276.00 Sept. 31. From Judge Brown, 3rd Dlv 409.00 ? Sept 31. From Judgo Jennings, 1st, Dlv 1243.95 ?Oct. 10. From Judge Fuller, 4th Dlv 016.00 Oct 24. From Judgo Tucker, 2nd Dlv... 525.00 Oct 24. From Judgo Tucker, 2nd Dlv 537.00 Oct 24. From Judgo Jennings, 1st Dlv 1386.06 1915?Jan. S. From Judgo Brown, 3rd Dlv. 644.00 ?; Total 1 - .......16.859.01 \ The Inmates I On an average sixty-four inmates ; have been taken care of at the home ! Binco it opened its doors. ; Recapitulation of the statistics on - the inmates is as follows: * Average ago, sixty-four in mates 64.95 yearn I \vorage timo in Alaska, six ty-four years 21.11 I Number American born, six ty four inmates 28 ! Number foreign borne, six- ; ty-four inmates __36 Number inmites rosldent First Division ........30 Number Inmates resident Second Division 14 Number inmates resident $ Third Division 9 4 Number inmates resident 3 Fourth Division 11 4 '? 4* v 4* 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4* 4- + 4* 4- 4* 4 ;* 4- -1 i- WAR SIDELIGHTS. 4- T ... ?> 4. A now process of making naltprctre w s said to have increased production >f the soil tenfold in Germany. t< Tho London Times fund for the sick g, ind wounded has passed tho $5,000,- w 100 mark. Brand IVhltlock, American minister r,: o Belgium, has been notified that (( n order to aid cattlo raising in Bel- hi ;lum, German military authorities ti .-ill exempt all breeding anmals from equisition. rc LONDON.?A dispatch to tho Morn- fu ig Post from Basel. Swlterland sayS: in "Out of about 30,000 beds in the hf lilitary hospitals of Berlin, 24,000 are co ccupied. This docs not take into ac- cl ount the numbers of convalescent tit oldicrs in their own homos or in pri- th ate houses. In The Temp3, commenting on tho.ae on of the recent Socialist Congress t London, warns people against the tu lea that war can be abolished. It tei lys: wc Statistics show that from 1496 do B. C., to 1861 A. D.. there wore 227 years of peace and 3,130 years nu of war, that is, one pear of peace thi to fourteen of war. lac In connection with the German Red inj ross work, there are now 1,800 spec- trc lly trained ambulance dogs employ- obi 1. each being in charge of an ambu- Ot nco man wbo understands the man tement of tho dogs. Altogether 8250,- chi 0 was spent in training and breed- sta g these dogs, and the German mill- hai ry authorities say they could uso wh ousands more, for one dog will oft- grt itlmes find eight wounded in a sin- urc ??? taai "The idea of starving out Germany lie absurd," and "harvesting machines sit; o following the German troops." haj icse are late worda from Berlin. ~j A. bill is to bo Introduced in the ench chamber of deputies providing : a credit of $100,000,000 from which ins are to bo made to small busl 'My Joy was tempered by tho sight i that one-time so flourishing region t ilch for long wcek.s has been in the "'I dings," said tho Emperor rocontly [ accruing the lato Mazurian cam- * Ign. "Tho enemy has In senseless 1 7 destroyed dnring his flight al- c )ar beautify iurlan country Is a wilderness, lat cannot bo replaced has been t, but I know mysolf to bo one with .i :ry Cerman when I solemnly prom- . that everything in human power ?l -H-H : I I ! I 1 i M I I -1 ! 1 M-H-H-M-+* Mill l't I ?! 1-1 I I-M I II Ij Grand /izer Gives World urkey's Position] FROM CHICAGO HERALD ij I III I 1 :--H" l-l- I-I-I-I-l-I-I ?! Mini IM1 CONSTANTINOPLE, Feb. 21. ~ rinco Said Bnllrn, the grand vlzcr ol urkoly, In tho first Interview ho has vcr given, has outlined to the world 10 Turkish reason for entering the ar: "We have rojected the triple en sntcs' offer to guarantee Turkey's :tegrlty for thirty years," said tho rand vizer, "becauso acceptance ould have been detrimental to Tur ay's sovereignity. Turkoy's oxper mco with the promises made by the jwere forming the triple entente 3reat Britain, France and Russia) is not been favorable to tho promo on of confidence. "Turkey knew that to enter Into ilatlons with Great Britain, France id Russia would have been a harm 1 factor in respect to the country's tere3t Russia, moreover, Is our iredltary enemy! from whom we mid not expect lasting effects of a lange of heart. Had the past ao >ns of these powers been different e page of history which Is now bo g written might have road diffor tly. "Tired of Hypocrisy." "Wo wore tired of tho byproclsy ac-j ating the powers of the tripfo en nto when dealing with Turkey, so > did what provocation forced ns to ?wont to war. "Turkey was made the object of iny falsehoods by tho entente. Now a allies assert tlmt the government :ks tho support of the people. Could > make such a rood military show ; after the current wars and other ?ubles If tho government bad not talned the hearty co-operation of al! 'The Turkish people want the inco to work out their destiny. Our ,rt six yttxn ago was good. Much > been accomplished already every ere In material and lotclfectual pro 'Ss. Wo have initiated many meas ss promoting tho well-being of the >plo In Constantinople. Today we re electric traction, telephones, pub schools, street lights and a unlver r admitting women. Public health i been conserved, vice curbed. Buy now, In Seattle'* Growing Suburb- | KIRKLAND Cloco-in Businr-is Lots on 1 Term* $5 Monthly < Profit by tho tremendous lr.ci<ta*e thct .< certain to cotrc with tho completion of. ho Lai c Woiihlnirtnn Can*!, by lnvaatinff rour saving* In KIRKLAND. t Already hundred* of Seattle's business nor. have been attracted to Klrkland bo ause of the tinoaual Investment poa*ibill Jeo. and shrawd men. men whose word is icccptod as n jthority. freely predict that * Clrkland not so many 7car? hcnco will bo rate a large manufacturing city. t Sightly View Lots, $100 On Easy Terms rop us a card . v 'uneau Realty Company igcnta. 122 Front Street. Open'till 9 p.m. Claim Right of White Roce "Wo are not a barbaric people, no savage, not black, not brown, not yol low, but white, with every right o the other whlto races, a people willini to Invest Its wealth and blood In thi opportunity to make good, as Amerl cans say. "Turkey has been mlsroprcsentec and misunderstood; hence oho is lack lng the sympathy to which she is en titled. Heretofore we wore the pawi in Europe's politics, and our Interest: were wholly unconsidered. We wort tired of this, and now are, fightlnf for the chance to have Turkey exlsl for the sake of Turkey. "The claim that Turkey is bound to pass under the sway of Germsnj is absurd. Have Austria-Hungary and Italy passed under the sway of their powerful ally in the alliance?" The grand vizer spoke in excellent English, directly and tersely. The j interview was over coffee and cigar | cttes, and the.grand vizer's demeanor ! was exceedingly pleasant and most | democratic. His Getr.way Easy. Gotcha,?I ran Into burglar last Jake?How'd be get away from you? Gotcha?Ho went through mo. ? (Dartmouth Jack o'Lantorn.) Huh. "It must be quite an affliction to be chort sighted," said the fat man. "It is," replied the thin man. "Why, only yesterday, I walked right Into ono of my creditors."?(Cincinnati En quirer.) <>--#?? Stung, By Hccki "The government ought to get after them smart city chaps," said SI Green, as he tore up the letter ho had Just received. "What's tho matter now?" asked tho postmaster, "I saw an advertisement that said that for $2 they would toll you how to mako butter from grass," replied Si Green. "So I sent the $2 and got back a card that says: "After you get the gras3 ready, feed it to a cow and then churn the milk."' ? (Louisville ['ourlor-Journal.) Aw, Now Stop! "So your work is monotonous, is it? SVhy don't you get a Job in a shoo itoro?" "Why there especially?" "Something new going on all the ime."?(Boitton Transcript Bad Mistake. "Hero you, you'll get the road into rouble. You blamed this wreck on he engineer." "Well, iBti-t that tbc; usual thing?" "Of count r Only this time the en ineor wasn't killed." ? (Louisville Jourler-Journal.) Too Familiar. "I supposd.you are familiar with tho mrka of Bobby Burns?" "Certainly; and also with the works of Billy Shakospeare, Georgio Byron and Jack Milton." ? (New York Globe.) Literary Disappointment "What's tho matter with your friend there?" "Oh, he's a politician In hard luck. Got a confession that no magazine seems to care to buy."?(Puck.) All In. Judge?Did thv looker-on at the fight | go homo In tho interim? Ignorant Witness?No, sir; he wont I homo in the ambulance.?(Ealtlmoro ! American.) Bank Director Defined. Eph?'What Is Mose doln' in do city? Ben?IJe is a bank director. Eph?-What's his duties? Bon?Ho stan's in do door an' tells folks wheor to go.?(Youngstown Tel egram.) Didn't Break Her Word. "Maud married! Why only last Juno she told mo that she would not marry the best man that walks tho earth." ."That's all right, the man she mar ried rides In an automobile."?(Bos ton Transcript.) <r 4* ! UP-TO-DATE HAlRORESSING SERVICE FOR LADIES. The W.E.B., located In tho now j postoffico block, will bo opon Wed J nosdays from 10 a. tn. to 5 p. m. : beginning this week, March 3, for : ladles and children only. This ar ! rnngement Is to Insure privacy as a halrdressing parlor, llalrdrcssing manicuring and massaging strict ly up-to-date in all particulars. The work will be done by Mro. Loaf grccn and mysolf, personally. W. E. BATHE. i ? The Reliablo Rexall Store. : _ _ , "?* ' HIT LATHERS" ?PEROXIDE BATH SOAP? Big White Bars, f 3 for 25c M H'; I 1 1 1 I i I I S 1 I I I I i M1-1 1 II I H I HI 1 II II H 1 1 tt t' it t I'M** ? i I'-I'-l-I- I-i"!-!"!1 M-H-H-H'l-l-l 1 ?! li 1 U t I 1 11 II 11 H,. fj New Spring Arrivals! ? I IS THIS iomIDEA? 1 of dressing well, or is your taste more mod- ;::: est? Either way, our offerings are so va ried, and so modish, they'll suit your likes? : and your purse! A Good Looker They are sure good to look at and are "j equally as comfortable. Some mighty trim shapes to choose from; all of exclusive fa shions, with that touch of quality that is recognized at a glance. " ?;; A FINE CRAVAT ! lends a touch of elegance to your dress. The j ?:: Spring shapes are wide, and rich in color ings, and we have chosen the weaves- we know will wear. Hanan's glove fitting shoes that will ;;*? give you the supreme degree of comfort. ;;:: II. |j ^enjanrin^nrEdlla'te rf ? IT WILL PAY YOU .to look at :| Tfiese New Spring Arrivals! 1B. M. Behrends Company Inc. | ? 11 IIUMI HHH-W-MI I mi-+ -H I-'Ii'I ?! 'H-H-H-H ?! -I"! I I'M IM H-11 "l-I-M-l-I-M-HH-H-l H I I II 11