^ ? ? . " ' ? ?
Oh m 111: i n n 11 n i-n n i:! 11: ? 111: n i i i;: ? 1111 ni*
FIRST GUN OF CIVIL WAR 1
? ? +
-H-H' H-t mm -i-w : 11: r 11; 111:1111 r 11 n 1111-n-i-i-M-i-i i: i
In the black hour Just beforo dawn
on April 1Z. 1S61, Charleston. S. C.,
lay like a c'ty of the dead. At a cas
ual glance the low-lylng town seemed
sound asleep amid its swarups and
sand barren*. In the harbor's narrow
est part on a tiny island, stood a
misshapen and very ugly little new.
built fort. From the apparently slum
bering city thousands of eyes were
stealthily watching the twinkling
tights of this fort?Fort Sumpter?
c." : ? . r:.
Then?at 4:30 A. M.?a single gun's
report split the silence. And. on the
lxwtant. tho sound was caught up by
all tho harbor forts and batteries. Tho
darkness war illuminated by myriad
glares of red tight. Shot and shell
screamed across the black water,
whistling around that single ugly lit
The Civil War was on. Tho Confed
erate government had opened fire on
a United States fort?on the Ameri
For years the war had seemed in
evitable. The government and the
Northern p opte at largo had refused
to believe tho South would secede.
There had been long and wearisome
talk of compromise, of mutual con
cessions. of tho certainty of peace.
But the Southerners saw the war com
ing and they made ready for it On
muster grounds, on village greens, ev
en in school yards, men and boys
were forever drilling. Arms and am
munition were collected; at first sec- 1
retly. then openly.
Then, one by one. the Southern
States seceded. And each of them
promptly seized such United States ;
forts, arsenals, worships, etc., as lay
within Its boundarlc.
South Carolina had long clamored
for secession. She was quick to leave
the Union. It scorned child's play to
capture such ill-defended Government
property as lay In and around Charles
ton. And. but for one loyal and gal
lant Union officer, the seizures could
have been made without striking a
Major Robert Anderson, U. S. A.,
was In command of Fort Moultrie, on
the water-edge near Charleston. He
had a garrison of seventy-five men.
Fort Moultrie was weak, from the
landward side. With his handful of
soldiers Anderson could not possibly
hope to defend it So he destroyed
its guns, did air the damage ho could
to such stores and munitions as he
could not carry away, and he moved
his garrison and provisions over to
Fort, Sumpter. Sumpter was the on
ly stronghold of all thoso In and
around tho harbor that ho had a
chance to save for the Union. And
he concentrated his puny force there.
Before tho Confederates knew what
ho was up to he had left tho badly
damaged Fort Moultrie behind him;'
was snugly enscoased at Sumpter, and;
had notified tho government to send!
A steamship, carrying reinforce
meats, ammunition and food was rush
ed to him from Washington. The Con
federates drove it away. A relief
squadron of three ships was fitted
[>ut. but It came to grief outside the
harbor bar. Anderson, cut off from
aid. was left to handlo the situation
as best ho could.
He was short of men. of food, of
immuuition. The Confederates call
ed on him to surrender the fort. He
refused, but at last agreed to give up
If relief did not reach him by April
16, 1S61. Tho answer did not suit
he Confederates. And early oa April
12 they opened fire on Sumpter.
For thirty-six hours the bombard
nent raged, evorv gun in the harbor
>eing brought to bear on the doomed
ittle fort. Some of tho Sumptor can- '
ion were hit and put out of com
ntssion. Wide gaps were hammered
n the walls. The favorite taget of
he Confederate gunners seemed to
? the American flag that floated over 1
he beleagured island. For tho flag
taff was struck eight times. At last 1
ts staff was splintered near It peak. 1
lergt. Peter Hart climbed up. under;'
whirlwind of shot , and nailed Old '
llory to" what was left of the pole. !
The walls were selves, the buildings (
ere afire, the ammunition was gone. 1
tut he refused to give up the flag. 1
ie kept it. and four years afterward,
tised it with his own hands above *
He recaptured fort. Later the same 1
ag was used as his burial sheet. ;
Sumpter's fall endod all talk of the 1
ompromise or of concialiation. The
rst shot at Old Glory had been the
rst shot in a four-year war.
Notice is hereby given that I will [
at be responsible for debts contract- .
1 by my wife, Mary K. Brewer.
Dated at Juneau. Alaska. Feb. 23 .
>15. J. S. BREWER. 23-tf }
52 SHIRTS, 51.25
I SWEATERS, 54
"The Hub" 11
BEST PLACE IX T3E CITY FOR GOOD ?
Oyster*. Crab* and FuL of all Kinds
GOOD STEAKS AND CHOPS
?X* Dfemerat Reasonable Prices \*C? v
% Baggage and General Hauling % 0
| COAL: COALS I |
? A.H. HIMPHERIBS Valctine Bids. ? ?
? Tclephoacs: Office 258; Bara 226 ? V
C W. W1NSTEDT
Office -2ad Floor, Neil to ??* Post Office
ALASKA MEAT COMPANY John Reck. Mgr. , "
Wholesale and Retail Butchers !l
Manufacturers of aJi Kinds of Sausages Our Hams and Bacon Arc n
ISOLD ON 53 YEARS RECORD
STTlfS, SIZES A8Q PRiCjS TO SUIT ALL
THE MAN WHO i I
is bis mmm i
to profit by experience gets on ; u
By buying a "cheap" stove
or range you inake a mistake. y
By buying a Charter Oak, you H
do not make a mistake, you g
save fuel, trouble and money i\ a
a . 111 tne ena- 1 t rc
I g Profit by the experience of those vrho have used Charter Oak ;j a;
LI Stoves and Ranges. | i ^
For Sale by THE JUNEAU FURNITURE COMPANY
"The Hone Furabbcri" Cor. 3rd aad Seward Su.
f piSJ AND PIANO PL AIMS I H
Z i ' V-k Edison Diamond Disc Phonographs, 4 P1
I COLUMBIA TALKING MACHINES. VICTOR VICTRO' AS t %
> ?> 3l,
? 15.000 Record.. (or All Machlaea. Sheet Ma.lc, Small Moalcal loatramenta O
\ JUNEAU MUSIC HOUSE 15
? Elmer E. Smith. Prop. THREE STORES. J. P. L. Graves, Mgr. <> ua
I Retail Drag Store, Donjjlas. Front Street Drug Store, Douglas ? dl;
? . - . - .................. m;
I SPECIALS GROCERIES j I
; 1 <?
? o . . "
| For a few days we are offering several SPECIALS % | jj
on GROCERIES. It will pay yoo to come and | j ; ?
| see ns before baying elsewhere, fi fl $ fi $ | p j*
hJRAIMOND III | j
Doc? your roof re
Hare your tr?rk
done by expert*.
We cany the beat equip
ment and material! for all
kinda ol rod in J.
Roofer*. Plumber* and
Sheot Metal Worker*
ASKS fOR HELP
With a pica for further improve
ments at the Homo, la order that the
Indigent Pioneers shall spend their
last days in Alaska amid the most
comfortablo surroundings, tho Board
of Trustees of the Sitka Plonoera'
Homo, a Territorial Institution creat
ed by the Legislature two years ago.
yesterday filed Its first report to tho
Senate. Tho report is signed by Gov
ernor J. F. A. Strong, chairman of
tho board, W. P. Mills, Treasurer and
George Kostrometinoff, Secretary.
Proof of tho hard fight to keep the
Institution alivo during tho past two
years is cointalned In tho foreword
of tho report, which says:
"At ono timo it was feared by the
Board that tho appropriation made for
the maintenance of tho Home would
be exhausted before another approp
riation could bo mado by tho Legisla
ture. Happily, such foar proved
groundless and tho Homo was enabled
to continue through appropriations re
ceived from tho federal Indigent fund
from tho judges of the four judicial
divisions, for tho support of inmates
from their respective divisions."
Shoup's Work Praised.
In praise of SupL A. G. Shoup, tho
Board says they "feel that they can
not ciosc this report without render
ing duo acknowledgement of the in
valuable sen-ices of Honorable Arthur '
3. Shoup, a member of your honorable '
body, in the establishment and con- *
iuct of the Home. The success
ichieved In its management has been 3
iue largely to his unselfish efforts in
jehalf without other compensation ?
han tho knowledge that ho was as
sisting in making tho declining days -
jrighter, happier and easier for men
vho have spent their years in Alaska '
is trail-blazers and pioneers in a new
Character of Inmates
In his attached report, Supt. A. G.
"Almost all of the men who have *>
:onie to the Alashka Pioneers' Home '
iro of the highest type of American '
rall-blazcrs. They aro men who have *
ived alone In tho silent plates, and
re of a naturally adventurous dispo- l
ition. In fact, it is this very quality c
hat has kept them upon tho Alaska
rontier, and it is to such men that
ho Territory must credit much of j
is development. C
"Some friends of tho Institution
aye suggested that more rigid dls
ipline should be enforced upon these t
Id men in this Home. To mo, how- i
ver, it seems that to annoy these g
ien with unnecessary restrictions ?
?ould be an unklndncss that Is not r
ailed for. The Alaska Pioneers'
[omo was established as a place
here these men might spend tholr i]
ecllning years in comfort, arid is In
jnded as a partial reward for their n
ath-flndlng son-ices. To avoid re- o
iraint was one of tho factorR which ?
lade them independent prospectors ?
ad frontiersmen. And, as a matter of v
ict, the best way, in my opinion, to
isure good comfort and avoid friction
mong such men is to allow them to ti
Slow their own inclinations as much it
i possible. The)'. like alt of their jc
md, are big-hearted and generous to 3]
fault, and arc tho last men in tho
orld to Impose upon the rights of
hers or to allow others to impose
son them. Of course, there have
;cn some occasional cases cf admit
og men who never were or any use
id they have given some trouble;
it for such cases there Is the sira- c:
e remedy of summary dismissal ia
ota tho Homo. Instances of'tntcxi
tlon here have been exceptional. jc
wing to the weakened physical re- aj
3tencc of theso men, If for no other oc
ason. intoxication cannot be permit- in
d mong them under any circum- ta
ince and that is ono thing against tb
rich a positive rule has been estab- or
hed. The most effective factor in gi
icouraging heavy drinking by an In
ite of the Alaska Pioneers' Home Is
p bad standing ho thereby estab- i<,
Uohoa for himself among hi:; com
"Much or the success of the Alaska
Pioneers' Home ? so far, which has
been under rather adverse conditions,
Is largely due to tho hearty mora) sup
port tendorod by tho people of Alaska,
and I wlah particularly to thank thoso
who have assisted with genorou.-. pres
ents at each Christmas time, and In
donating books for a library. For tho
support given, and confidence reposed
by tho Board of Trustees, 1 am deep
At the' present time tho Home has a
balnnco of $11.52. Tho total approp
riations for the Home havo been $17*?
859.01. The total expenditures have'
Tho aid of tho Foderul Judges in
Alaska, who are disbursing officers of
the indigent fund, was invokod in
-maintaining the Sitka Home. The re
port shows tho following appropria
tion: from July 4, 1913, to March 1,
1913?July 4. Appropriated by
Legislature ? $10,000.00
1914?May 20. From Judge
Jennings, 1st Div 30.00
From Judge Brown 3d
From Judge Fuller. 4th
From Judge Booker Fu
June 8 FromvJudgo Jen
nings, 1st Dlv. 1349.00
July 2. From Judge
Brown, 3rd Dlv 270.00
Aug. 31. From Judge
Fuller. 4th Div. 276.00
Sept. 31. From Judge
Brown, 3rd Dlv 409.00
? Sept 31. From Judgo
Jennings, 1st, Dlv 1243.95
?Oct. 10. From Judge
Fuller, 4th Dlv 016.00
Oct 24. From Judgo
Tucker, 2nd Dlv... 525.00
Oct 24. From Judgo
Tucker, 2nd Dlv 537.00
Oct 24. From Judgo
Jennings, 1st Dlv 1386.06
1915?Jan. S. From Judgo
Brown, 3rd Dlv. 644.00 ?;
Total 1 - .......16.859.01 \
The Inmates I
On an average sixty-four inmates ;
have been taken care of at the home !
Binco it opened its doors. ;
Recapitulation of the statistics on -
the inmates is as follows: *
Average ago, sixty-four in
mates 64.95 yearn I
\vorage timo in Alaska, six
ty-four years 21.11 I
Number American born, six
ty four inmates 28 !
Number foreign borne, six- ;
ty-four inmates __36
Number inmites rosldent
First Division ........30
Number Inmates resident
Second Division 14
Number inmates resident $
Third Division 9 4
Number inmates resident 3
Fourth Division 11 4
'? 4* v 4* 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4* 4- + 4* 4- 4* 4
;* 4- -1
i- WAR SIDELIGHTS. 4- T
... ?> 4.
A now process of making naltprctre w
s said to have increased production
>f the soil tenfold in Germany. t<
Tho London Times fund for the sick g,
ind wounded has passed tho $5,000,- w
Brand IVhltlock, American minister r,:
o Belgium, has been notified that ((
n order to aid cattlo raising in Bel- hi
;lum, German military authorities ti
.-ill exempt all breeding anmals from
LONDON.?A dispatch to tho Morn- fu
ig Post from Basel. Swlterland sayS: in
"Out of about 30,000 beds in the hf
lilitary hospitals of Berlin, 24,000 are co
ccupied. This docs not take into ac- cl
ount the numbers of convalescent tit
oldicrs in their own homos or in pri- th
ate houses. In
The Temp3, commenting on tho.ae
on of the recent Socialist Congress
t London, warns people against the tu
lea that war can be abolished. It tei
Statistics show that from 1496 do
B. C., to 1861 A. D.. there wore
227 years of peace and 3,130 years nu
of war, that is, one pear of peace thi
to fourteen of war. lac
In connection with the German Red inj
ross work, there are now 1,800 spec- trc
lly trained ambulance dogs employ- obi
1. each being in charge of an ambu- Ot
nco man wbo understands the man
tement of tho dogs. Altogether 8250,- chi
0 was spent in training and breed- sta
g these dogs, and the German mill- hai
ry authorities say they could uso wh
ousands more, for one dog will oft- grt
itlmes find eight wounded in a sin- urc
"The idea of starving out Germany lie
absurd," and "harvesting machines sit;
o following the German troops." haj
icse are late worda from Berlin. ~j
A. bill is to bo Introduced in the
ench chamber of deputies providing
: a credit of $100,000,000 from which
ins are to bo made to small busl
'My Joy was tempered by tho sight i
that one-time so flourishing region t
ilch for long wcek.s has been in the "'I
dings," said tho Emperor rocontly [
accruing the lato Mazurian cam- *
Ign. "Tho enemy has In senseless 1
7 destroyed dnring his flight al- c
iurlan country Is a wilderness,
lat cannot bo replaced has been
t, but I know mysolf to bo one with .i
:ry Cerman when I solemnly prom- .
that everything in human power ?l
-H-H : I I ! I 1 i M I I -1 ! 1 M-H-H-M-+* Mill l't I ?! 1-1 I I-M I II Ij
Grand /izer Gives World urkey's Position]
FROM CHICAGO HERALD ij
I III I 1 :--H" l-l- I-I-I-I-l-I-I ?! Mini IM1
CONSTANTINOPLE, Feb. 21. ~
rinco Said Bnllrn, the grand vlzcr ol
urkoly, In tho first Interview ho has
vcr given, has outlined to the world
10 Turkish reason for entering the
"We have rojected the triple en
sntcs' offer to guarantee Turkey's
:tegrlty for thirty years," said tho
rand vizer, "becauso acceptance
ould have been detrimental to Tur
ay's sovereignity. Turkoy's oxper
mco with the promises made by the
jwere forming the triple entente
3reat Britain, France and Russia)
is not been favorable to tho promo
on of confidence.
"Turkey knew that to enter Into
ilatlons with Great Britain, France
id Russia would have been a harm
1 factor in respect to the country's
tere3t Russia, moreover, Is our
iredltary enemy! from whom we
mid not expect lasting effects of a
lange of heart. Had the past ao
>ns of these powers been different
e page of history which Is now bo
g written might have road diffor
"Tired of Hypocrisy."
"Wo wore tired of tho byproclsy ac-j
ating the powers of the tripfo en
nto when dealing with Turkey, so
> did what provocation forced ns to
?wont to war.
"Turkey was made the object of
iny falsehoods by tho entente. Now
a allies assert tlmt the government
:ks tho support of the people. Could
> make such a rood military show
; after the current wars and other
?ubles If tho government bad not
talned the hearty co-operation of al!
'The Turkish people want the
inco to work out their destiny. Our
,rt six yttxn ago was good. Much
> been accomplished already every
ere In material and lotclfectual pro
'Ss. Wo have initiated many meas
ss promoting tho well-being of the
>plo In Constantinople. Today we
re electric traction, telephones, pub
schools, street lights and a unlver
r admitting women. Public health
i been conserved, vice curbed.
Buy now, In Seattle'* Growing Suburb- |
Cloco-in Businr-is Lots on 1
Term* $5 Monthly <
Profit by tho tremendous lr.ci<ta*e thct
.< certain to cotrc with tho completion of.
ho Lai c Woiihlnirtnn Can*!, by lnvaatinff
rour saving* In KIRKLAND. t
Already hundred* of Seattle's business
nor. have been attracted to Klrkland bo
ause of the tinoaual Investment poa*ibill
Jeo. and shrawd men. men whose word is
icccptod as n jthority. freely predict that *
Clrkland not so many 7car? hcnco will bo
rate a large manufacturing city. t
Sightly View Lots, $100
On Easy Terms
rop us a card . v
'uneau Realty Company
igcnta. 122 Front Street. Open'till 9 p.m.
Claim Right of White Roce
"Wo are not a barbaric people, no
savage, not black, not brown, not yol
low, but white, with every right o
the other whlto races, a people willini
to Invest Its wealth and blood In thi
opportunity to make good, as Amerl
"Turkey has been mlsroprcsentec
and misunderstood; hence oho is lack
lng the sympathy to which she is en
titled. Heretofore we wore the pawi
in Europe's politics, and our Interest:
were wholly unconsidered. We wort
tired of this, and now are, fightlnf
for the chance to have Turkey exlsl
for the sake of Turkey.
"The claim that Turkey is bound
to pass under the sway of Germsnj
is absurd. Have Austria-Hungary and
Italy passed under the sway of their
powerful ally in the alliance?"
The grand vizer spoke in excellent
English, directly and tersely. The
j interview was over coffee and cigar
| cttes, and the.grand vizer's demeanor
! was exceedingly pleasant and most
His Getr.way Easy.
Gotcha,?I ran Into burglar last
Jake?How'd be get away from you?
Gotcha?Ho went through mo. ?
(Dartmouth Jack o'Lantorn.)
"It must be quite an affliction to be
chort sighted," said the fat man.
"It is," replied the thin man. "Why,
only yesterday, I walked right Into
ono of my creditors."?(Cincinnati En
Stung, By Hccki
"The government ought to get after
them smart city chaps," said SI Green,
as he tore up the letter ho had Just
"What's tho matter now?" asked tho
"I saw an advertisement that said
that for $2 they would toll you how
to mako butter from grass," replied
Si Green. "So I sent the $2 and got
back a card that says: "After you get
the gras3 ready, feed it to a cow and
then churn the milk."' ? (Louisville
Aw, Now Stop!
"So your work is monotonous, is it?
SVhy don't you get a Job in a shoo
"Why there especially?"
"Something new going on all the
"Hero you, you'll get the road into
rouble. You blamed this wreck on
"Well, iBti-t that tbc; usual thing?"
"Of count r Only this time the en
ineor wasn't killed." ? (Louisville
"I supposd.you are familiar with tho
mrka of Bobby Burns?"
"Certainly; and also with the works
of Billy Shakospeare, Georgio Byron
and Jack Milton." ? (New York
"What's tho matter with your friend
"Oh, he's a politician In hard luck.
Got a confession that no magazine
seems to care to buy."?(Puck.)
Judge?Did thv looker-on at the fight
| go homo In tho interim?
Ignorant Witness?No, sir; he wont
I homo in the ambulance.?(Ealtlmoro
Bank Director Defined.
Eph?'What Is Mose doln' in do city?
Ben?IJe is a bank director.
Eph?-What's his duties?
Bon?Ho stan's in do door an' tells
folks wheor to go.?(Youngstown Tel
Didn't Break Her Word.
"Maud married! Why only last
Juno she told mo that she would not
marry the best man that walks tho
."That's all right, the man she mar
ried rides In an automobile."?(Bos
! UP-TO-DATE HAlRORESSING
SERVICE FOR LADIES.
The W.E.B., located In tho now
j postoffico block, will bo opon Wed
J nosdays from 10 a. tn. to 5 p. m.
: beginning this week, March 3, for
: ladles and children only. This ar
! rnngement Is to Insure privacy as
a halrdressing parlor, llalrdrcssing
manicuring and massaging strict
ly up-to-date in all particulars. The
work will be done by Mro. Loaf
grccn and mysolf, personally.
W. E. BATHE.
The Reliablo Rexall Store.
: _ _ , "?*
?PEROXIDE BATH SOAP?
Big White Bars,
f 3 for 25c
M H'; I 1 1 1 I i I I S 1 I I I I i M1-1 1 II I H I HI 1 II II H 1 1 tt t' it t I'M**
? i I'-I'-l-I- I-i"!-!"!1 M-H-H-H'l-l-l 1 ?! li 1 U t I 1 11 II 11 H,.
fj New Spring Arrivals! ?
I IS THIS iomIDEA? 1
of dressing well, or is your taste more mod- ;:::
est? Either way, our offerings are so va
ried, and so modish, they'll suit your likes? :
and your purse!
A Good Looker
They are sure good to look at and are "j
equally as comfortable. Some mighty trim
shapes to choose from; all of exclusive fa
shions, with that touch of quality that is
recognized at a glance. " ?;;
A FINE CRAVAT !
lends a touch of elegance to your dress. The j ?::
Spring shapes are wide, and rich in color
ings, and we have chosen the weaves- we
know will wear.
Hanan's glove fitting shoes that will ;;*?
give you the supreme degree of comfort. ;;::
? IT WILL PAY YOU .to look at
:| Tfiese New Spring Arrivals!
1B. M. Behrends Company Inc. |
? 11 IIUMI HHH-W-MI I mi-+
-H I-'Ii'I ?! 'H-H-H-H ?! -I"! I I'M IM H-11 "l-I-M-l-I-M-HH-H-l H I I II 11
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