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VOL. V.. XQ. 560. JUXKAU. ALASKA. TUESDAY, MAY 1. 101,T PRICE TEN CENTS. CHINA AND JAPAN MAY GO TO WAR TOKYO. May 4.?The Japanese gov ernment. after an extended meeting of the cabinet and council, has decid ed to send an ultimatum to China. The time for a reply will be short, and if the demands are not complied with in accordance with the demands, the present intention is to enforce them with the military establishment of the country. Washington and London for Peace. WASHINGTON. May 4.?While Sec rotary of State William-J. Bryan re fused to be quoted on the Occidental situation, it was not denied at the State Department that all the influ ence of the United States government will be exerted in the interest of peace between China and Japan. It was also tacitly admitted that in its efforts to maintain peace in the Orient the United States will have the co operation of Great Britain. British Encourage. China. PEKING. May 4.?It is generally un derstood here that the British govern-! ment Is encouraging the Chinese to; resist the demands of Japan. While no official statement has been made of the Birtlsh position this understand ing obtains both in the Chinese gov ernment and the Japanese litigation. AMERICAN AMBASSADOR HURRYING TO CAPITAL ?+? SAN FRANCISCO. May 4. ? Amer ican Ambassador George W. Guthrie to Japan arrived here and departed in great haste for Washington today. He arrived here on the Manchuria from Japan. He refused to admit that his hurried departure from Japan had any connection with the Chinese-Japan-1 esc question, and he refused to make; any comment upon that question. It is believed here from reports' brought from Tokyo by Manchuria pas! sengers that war in the Orient is In-; evi table unless the United States and. Great Britain arc able to prevent it. i HOMES OF LABORING MEN IN DANGER' NEW YORK. May 4.?If the United Hatters of America do not decide by May 20 to pay the $252,130 damages awarded to D. E. Loewe & Co. in the Daabury hatter's case, the homes of nearly 200 Connecticut members of I the union who wore defendants in the suit will be taken from them to sat isfy the Judgment. ? NEW LINE OF STEAMERS FOR ATLANTIC TRAFFIC NEW YORK. May 4.?A new lino of freight steamors between Boston and points in France. Sweden. Norway, Denmark and Holland will be estab lished by Interocean Transportation! Co. of New York and their Boston rep- i rosentative. Globe Transportation Co. j PANAMA CANAL SHOWS NET LOSS OF 10 PER CENT j ?4? WASHINGTON. May 4.?The Pana ma canal shows a net loss of about 10'o in comparison of tolls collected with cost of operation and mainte nance for tlrst eight months of its op eration. LETTERS OF CREDIT FIGURED IN DOLLARS ?4*? NEW YORK. May 4.?The Equita ble Trust Co.. New York, has complet ed a plan for financing travelers abroad through issuance of letters of credit figured in dollars instead of pounds sterling; drafts drawn ini for eign countries will be sent to New York for collection instead of through London. LABOR LEADER IS SENTENCED FOR LIFE TRINIDAD, Colo.. May 4. ? John Lawson. a leading labor leader, was today sentenced to life imprisonment, having been convicted of murder in the first degreo for the death of Dep uty Sheriff John McNimo during the labor strike war in the coal mining re gions. Lawson will appeal the case to the supreme court. AGED SEATTLE MAN COMMITS SUICIDE SEATTLE. May 4.?Arvin Hoxie. 82 years of age. committed suicide this morning by putting a bullet through his brain. He has a daughter residing in Alaska. ? ??>?? + ? + *?>?<? + + ?? WEATHER TODAY + ? Maximum?69. ?> Minimum?37. -> * CLEAR ! ! ! ! 4 **???????#+ ????4' ?!?? CARRY EIGHT ON JUDGE TO OTHER TOWNS ! Friends of Judge Robert W. Jen | nings of the United States district ! court, believe that an organized but 1 unwarranted attack is boing made up ion hltn, in connection with the order ! calling a local option election for May 24th in the incorporated towns of Southeastern Alaska. In addition to the publications that were made in Ju neau. the following dispatch from Ju neau appeared in the Skagway Alas kan of last Saturday: "JUDGE JENNINGS MAY WIPE OUT SALOONS JUXEAU. May 1.?Judge R. \V. Jennings, of the district court of i the First Division has appointed enumerators to tako the census of all residents living within two miles of tho saloon districts of Juneau and Douglas, and announc es that when the election is held on May 24th unless tho vote is cast is a majority of those enum erated in the census and in favor of the 'wets/ he will refuse to is sue saloon licenses.- This means that all people not voting will be counted as 'drys.' Tho opinion pre vails that this decision will put all the saloons out of business in the First Division, as the same pol icy is to be followed in other towns. Tho saloon interests claim that the decision Is arbitrary, and that the question ought to be de cided upon a majority of the votes actually cast at the election and not on the census taken. It is presumed that a similar dis patch was sent to other Alaskan news papers. The Empire this morning sent a dis patch to various Alaskan newspapers saying: "The order of Judge Jennings in relation to a local option election was erroneous. The only effect of Judge Jennings' order is that every person who is qualified to express preference is given an ] an opportunity to do so se cretly if desired. The order provides for a local option election May 24th. If a majority of those entitled to express preference vote 'wet.' licenses will iBsue. If ma jority 'dry' licenses won't issue. If neither side get a majority, sa loon men may present a petition from those not votiug. If the pe titioners. added to those voting 'wet.' constitute a clear majority of all whom the census takers re port as entitled to express a pref erence, licenses will issue. Oth erwise there will be no liccnsos." Saloonmen Misrepresented. It Is fair to say that many of thej saloonmen. perhaps a majority, do not feel that Judge Jennings order was, arbitrary or unjust, and that the issue] in Juneau is "wet" or "dry" and not the justice or injustice of the court's order. BODY SHIPPED. SEATTLE. May 4.?The remains of Father George Kostrometinoff. head of the Greek Church in Alaska, were placed aboard the steamship Jeffer son last night, with Mrs. Kostrometin off accompanying them. The body I will be taken to Sitka from Juneau, i for interment in the former Alaska ! capital. ? ? ? STARVATION PREVAILS IN AUSTRIAN TOWN LONDON. May 4. ? Riots in Trieste 1^^ oeei.mlntr o rftVAliiHnnnrv i?hnr?r*? tor and efforts to repress them have proved useless, says a dispatch to tho Dally News from Rome. Half starved citizens, especially women whose | children have been condemned to hi i lingering death owing to the lack of food, have been driven to despair and practically are fighting for their exist ence. ATTEMPT TO KILL LOS ANGELES* FORMER CHIEF LOS ANGELES, May 4.?An attempt to assassinate Charles Sebastian, the suspended chief of police, occurred to day when two shots were fired at him through the window of his residence. Neither shot took effect. Sebastian is a candidate at the pri maries for Mayor of Los Angeles. HUGHES PROTESTS AGAINST NAME'S USE WASHINGTON, May 4. ? Supreme Court Justice Charles E. Hughes is sued a statement today in which he strongly protests against the use of his name in connection with the Re publican Presidential nomination. He says that ho has no Intention of re-en tering politics and the uso of his name in that connection is distaste ful to him and injurious to tho courts. ALASKA GOLD. NEW YORK. May 4.?Alaska Gold ! closed today at 37%; Utah Copper. | b'6%; Chlno, 46; Ray. 23%. ROOS SE TAKES I NEW TURN ' SYRACUSE, N.'Y., May 4.?Tho fact that the hattlo that Is waging in the supreme court before Justice Androws at this place is a suit at law for mon etary damages in which citizen Will iam Barnes, jr.. is suing citizen Theo dore Roosevelt for $50,000 was recall ed today when Col. Roosovelt took tho stand to testify that be had no malice against Mr. Barnes. The testimony was introduced, according to the statement of counsel, in mitigation and for its influence upon the amount of the damages in tho event of a ver dict for the plaintiff. Almost from tho time Col. Rooso velt took the stand tho proceedings became a sensational expose of con ditions in "invisible political circles," and monetary consideration of the suit was lost sight of. It is believed that tho defense will rest this afternoon and that the plain tiff will take the stand at the begin ning of tho rebuttal. END OP SYRACUSE TRIAL NOT NEAR * SYRACUSE. X. Y.. -May 4.?The de cision that was announced yesterday evening by both sides to the cose of Barnes vs. Roosevelt to cull more wit nesses than it was believed they would use when the adjournment took place Friday evening has completely upset all plans for an early termination of the case. Attorneys for Formor President Theodore Roosevelt said last night that they are doubtful whether they will finish their side of the case be fore Wednesday evening. After the defense shall havo concluded, there will be tt mass of rebuttal testimony Introduced by the. plaintiff. ? William Barnes jr., the plaintiff, will be the first of the witnesses to testi fy in rebuttal. He will go on the stand as soon as tho attorneys for Col. Roos evelt rest, and he will devote his at tention particularly to replying to the testimony of the former President. A. Mr. Ardnt, a Now York reporter, was on the stand yesterday afternoon for some time, testifying for Col. Roosevelt. He said that Barnes told him that Charles F. Murphy, of Tam many Hall, had requested an alliance with the Republicans and the Tam many members of the Legislature to bring about tho defeat of the direct primary election bill when that was pending in the State legislature. Arndt said: "Mr. Barnes told mo that ho had re ceived a message from Mr. Murphy telling him that tho direct primaries bill was likely to pass through tho Legislature unless tho Republicans voted with Tammany men. Mr. Barnes said, speaking of the Murphy mes sage, 'that is Murphy's business. Tho Democrats havo a majority in the Log isluaturc. Let them solve their own difficulties. 1 will not draw any Dem ocratic chestnuts out of tho Are.*" LOS ANGELES TS HOLDING PRIMARY LOS ANGELES, May 4.?Los Ange les is holding a municipal primary election today. A mayor, city coun cil, city attorney, board of education and a board of free holders to formu late a new city charter are being nom inated. Among tho candidates for mayor is Charles Sebastian, recently deposed as chief of police. PANAMA CANAL BOARD WILL PURCHASE LUMBER .*. CHICAGO. May 4.?Specifications for bids on $4,314,000 feet of Douglas fir and yellow pine soon will bo issued by the purchasing agent of tho Pan ama canal commission, according to information received in the Chicago lumber market yesterday. CONGRESSMAN DIES. PHILADELPHIA, May 4. ? Joseph A. Goulden, Representative in Con gross from tho 23d New York district, | died here yestorday suddonly while in the station of the Pennsylvania rail road. He was 70 years of age, a na tcrms in Congress as a Tammany Democrat. He was re-elected last No vember. ALASKA FRAUD CASES AREJDISMISSSED DETROIT. Mich., May 4.?The al leged fraud cases against the members of the so-called Detroit group of claimants for Bering field coal lands in Alaska, were dismissed yesterday at tho request of the Attorney-Gener al . The action on the part of the gov ernment was duo to lack of evidence. LABOR LEADER MONEY VICTIM SAYS ATTORNEY TRINIDAD, Colo.. May 4.?In a for mal statement givon out today, Hor ace Hawkins, attorney for John Law son, convicted yesterday of the mur der of John NImmo, during the coal miners' strike, said that Rockefeller's money had claimed LawBon as a vic tim. Ho said that Rockefeller's at torney's had worked up evldonco and it was paid for by Rockefeller. The statomont Is very bitter against the "Rockefeller detectives" who testi fied. He says that he expects to have tho verdict set asldo. The court today allowed the defend ant 30 days In which to porfect an ap peal to the higher court, and increased tho bail bond for .Lawson from $35, 000 to ?20.000. Whon union men heard of tho ver dict they rushed into tho court house and greeted their chiof with tears In their oyes. "They may get me," I.awson told them, "but they cannot defeat the cause of labor." May Mean Another Strike. INDIANAPOLIS, lud., May 4. - Frank Hays, international vice-presi dent of the United Mine Workers, de clared today that another mine strike will bo called in Colorado If Lawson. convicted, Is not given fair treatment. Ho added: mmmam l?a innnrnnl nnd if ho If. jjanovu 10 *ut>wvu?, M..m .. -? not acordcd fair treatment and vindi cation the United Mine Workers will call another general strike in Colo rado to protest against the tyranni cal conditions that prevail there." WAR ORDERS ARE OVER $200,000,0000 CHICAGO, May 4.?A banker in close touch With the situation esti mates that ammunition orders to the value of $200,000 have been placed in thiH country by Europe during the last half of April. Most of tho orders were be much larger boforo the close of tho month. Airbrakes For Russians It hus been officially announced that has received a contract from tho Rus sian governmeht for 17,000 sets of air brakes for immediate delivery. This is one of tho largest single orders for airbrakes over received by the West inghouse company and represents tho value of $1,000,oOO. RETAIL TRADE IS NOW IMPROVING NEW YORK. May I. ? The retail trade expansion throughout the coun try Is now general, according to ad vlcoi received by tho H. B. Claflln Cor poration. RECENT ORDERS FOR"X; MANY RAILWAY CARS NEW YORK. May 4.?Including re cent inquiries of the Pennsylvania syit-! tcm and Chicago and Northwestern Railway, bids are being sought for about 20,000 enrs. This Is tho largest ; total for more than a year. The Inter- j national and Great Northern lis in |he! market for 1000 box cars and the Mis souri; Kansas and Texas for 1000 freight cars. VILLA AND ANGELES MAKE UP QUARREL EL PASO. Tex., jviay 4.? Villa at Aguascalicntes gave out for newspaper correspondents this statement: "I wish to inform you that Gen. Fe lipe Angeles is again In command of my infantry and artillery. Our mis understanding was promptly adjust ed. He is one of by most efficient and loyal officers. "I came to Aguascnlientes alone to reorganize the infantry. My army is distributed along the line from Silao (eighteen milos northwest of his for raor base at irnquato) northward." THE UPPER YUKON RIVER NOW OPEN TO NAVIGATION WHITEHORSE, May I.?The river is open nearly all tho v ay from White horse to Dawson and Lake Lebarge will bo open within a few days and fully a month earlier than usual. Yet there is not sufficient water on tho flats at tho head of the lake for steam ers to cross and probably will not bo much beforo tho first of Juno.?(White horse Star.) WABASH RAILROAD WILL BE SOLD ? ? ? CHCAGO. May 4.?The sale ot tho Wabash railroad for $21,000,000 in stead of $34,000,000, tho minimum fix ed in the foreclosure decree, will be permitted by tho Fedoral district court at St. Louis. About $10,000,000 will bo required to take up receivers' cer tificates and'$S,000,000 to iiquidato the costs of receivership. BERLIN, May 4.-?Klvo advantage-; ou8 positions wore takon by the Ger man army today In Flanders. The Germans resumed the offensive yesterdny evening, and night attacks last night wore successful in many' Allies Hold Own. LONDON, May 4.?The Allies have boon holding their own along the wcstcrn< front. The Germans made! gains in the St. Julleu vicinity ac-: cording to Paris dispatches, but the gain3 woro duo to reformations of tho > Allies' lines. > PARIS, May 4.?The Germans have assumed the offensive at St. Julion. They are renewing the plunging as saults that have characterized so much of the war on the part of the German army. The French have abandoned some points in order to strengthen the resisting powers of their army. situatioFwith germany grave ! WASHINGTON. May 4. The Unit | i d States Department is now facing j the gravest situation that has risen sinco the outbreak of the war In Eur ope as a result of the torpedoing of the steamship Gulfllght by a German submarine anil the aeroplane attack that was made upon the Cushing. The gravity of tho situation was admitted ? by officials of tho State Department yesterday evening. The Germnn embassy, usually j prompt to explain any seemingly overt j act, has declined to make common iupon the attacks made upon two] American vessels. Secretary of State William J. Bryan, as to what actioii the United States j American Ambassador James W. j Gerard, at Berlin, it was announced 1 yostorday evening, has been instruct ed to call the attention of Germany i to tho attacks. INVESTIGATE SINKING | OF AMERICAN SHIP LONDON. May 4. The American embassy; under the personal direction of American Ambassador Walter H. Page today began an Investigation of the torpedoing of the American tank ] steamer Gulfllght. The llrst part of the inquiry will bo carried 011 at Plymouth, where the crew wore landed. The investigation will be searching, the,purpose being to leave" nothing unsettled when the j case is done. I Dispatches from Berlin say the gov | ernment has refused to comment up-1 | on tho sinking of the American ship Gullfllght by a German submarine. GERMANY DOES NOT ENCOURAGE BOYCOTT AMSTERDAM, May 4.?The sugges tion that American goods bo boycotted in Germany in retaliation for tho ship ment of munitions of war from the United States to the Allies is not being officially oncouraged according to ad vices from Berlin. Referring to this phase of the situa tion, the Hamberger Nachnchten, in an editorial article says: "We must not take any sudden uc-: tion with America no matter liow much we dislike her, as we may need her after the war, though she is now favoring our enemies." Think America Divided Other Germans papers say that the j United States could not go to war with I Germany over the situation in Europe bccauso she is a divided nation. A Berlin paper adds to this suggestion that tho "Germans constitute by far the most important clement in the' United States, both as to wealth and i political and social influenco and as j to competency in manufacturing, com merce, industries, sciences and in the; professions." It concludes that the in fluence of these "German giants of civ ilization in America-are today for the: Fatherland first?and in the end they will prevail." GERMANS SINK ONE MORE BRITISH SHIP LONDON, May 4. The Britidi steamship Mtntornc, laden with coal, was sunk by a * German submarine near the Scllly islands on the Corn wall coast Several of the British crew were wounded by the explosion. Tho remainder of the crew were land advertising in It Iallies are penetrating dardanelles! LONDON, May 4.?Advices received today from Mitylene say that the Al lies havo occupied MaldoB at the up per end of the narrows of the Dardan elles and 22 miles south of the city of Galipoli. The advance of tho British and French troops has been steady and continuous. One position after anoth er has fallen and been occupied by them. Allies Fleets Active. ATHENS, May 4. ? Tho bombard ment of the Turkish and German for tifications at Smyrna by tho ships of Groat Britain and France was resumed today according to reports received here from Mitylene. The Allies' licet is also bombarding the Dardanelles fortifications, having penetrated the straits as far as the Narrows. The Allies have landed a force at tho ancient city of Ephcsus, 65 miles south-?southeast of Smyrna. Sink Three Turk Vessels. PETROGRAD, May 4.?The Russian Black sea fleet conducting a furious bombardment of the Bosporus forts today. Three Turkish vessels were sunk by the Russian fleet. ^ - - AUSTRIA GRANTS MORE TO ITALY HOME, May 4.?Austria made fur ther concessions in offers made to Italy today. Thoy include a larger proportion of the territorial demands that have boon made by the Italian government than have heretofore been! considered by the Austrian govern- i ment. The new Austrian proposition has prevented a decision to enter the war to be arrived at, and it may be some time before a final decision lr. made. I ITALY IN NO HURRY FOR WAR! NEW YORK, May 4?The New" York ; World has received-the following from > Karl H. Von Wicgand, its war corres pondent, dated at Vienna: "The Italian government has no in tention of allowing itself to be rushed 1 into war against Austria, and Ib con sidering every stoy preliminary there to with deliberation and with full re alization of the responsibility involved, with the possible consequences, not; only in the immediate future but in} tho more distant. "That, at least, is tho impression 1 gnined during my stay in Rome and Italy, from talks with well-informed n\on. None of these could or would say that Italy will or will not move upon Austria, however; that depends upon the negotiations which, in spite of all denials, I can say are going on between the two countries in a semi olllcial manner, through third parties as mediators. "My impressions are based upon in formation which I consider as reli able. Neither external pressure nor' internal clamor will force Premier Sal- j andra from his attitude of awaiting de-1 velopments and the trend and out come of these negotiations, which have so far been carried on in a friendly manner." GERMANS SENT LARGE ARMY T ORECENT ATTACK Aivioi i^niyA.u, .uu; 1.?11 10 <foC* j mated that the Germans transported! ?150,000 to COO,000 new troops into and j through Belgium to support the of t'ensive movement against the Ysor canal, Ypres, St. Mlhicl and other at tacks against the Allies' lines which seem to have been abandoned. ? ? ? MARTIAL LAW NOW PREVAILS IN PORTUGAL LISBON", May 4.?Martial law has boon proclaimed in Portugal, follow ing tho refusal of five municipal chambers to accept tho validity ol government decrees. The Ckanibe: of Oporto has been dissolved. Simi lar action will bo taken in Lisbon Troops have been sent to other town: aiYccted. THE O'MAHCNY TELLS WHY BULGARIA STAYS OUT LONDON, May, 4.?Serbian persecu tion and the bitter feeling aroused by the hostile attitude of the French ! press, rather than fear of Germany and Austria, are responsible for the fail ure of Bulgaria to join the allies be fore now. in the. opinion of The O' Mahony, former member of Parliament and well known as a scholar and polit ical writer, whb has Just returned to London from Sofia, whore ho has spent many months. Faith may move mountains. But it Isn't .a bad idea to have a team of horses ofViPauto truck around If you want to deliver the goods. RUSSIAN DEFEAT IS TERRIFIC *1*? BERLIN, May 4.?Unofficial reports received hero of the smashing of the Russian lino in western Gallcia indi cate that the new German victory al most equals the successes of Field Marshal Hindenburg in Poland, the ef fect being to disrupt the Slav array in the Gullcinn region. According to ono report tho Russian losses in killed, wounded and prison ers will number 100,000. Thought it is admitted that tho report is unveri fied, it Ib regarded as trustworthy. The city is wildly excited over the victory, and it is hailed as the most important German success in more than two months. German Victory Important. LONDON, .May 4.?That the Aus trian and German army in western Gallcia has won an important victory ' over the Russians is not denied. The advices from Vienna and Berlin say that it is decisive. If it shall prove to bo as important as the Germans and \ustrians claim, it will threaten tho rear of the Russian forces which Jmvn honn mnvlne throueh tho Car pathians. Russians Lose 30,000 Prisoners. The Russians lost 30,000 prisoners, 23 cannon and 04 machine guns in the battle, according to dispatches from Vienna. Dispatches from Berlin characterize the result of the engagement a3 a tcr riilc defeat for the Russians. They contend that the Russians have been driven in at all points on the Vistula river from Tarnow to the Carpathian mountains. At Gorllco the Russians, according to Berlin official announce ments, have lost 8,000 prisoners. News of the Russian defeat was re ceived at Berlin last night, and the city was quickly dressed In holiday at tire, and Impromptu celebrations were indulged in throughout tbo capital. German experts say that the Russian army in the Carpathians is in danger. OPERA BOUFFE WAR IN EAST f'ETROGRAD. May 4. ? The Rus sian war office said this evening thnt the German forces nre conducting op era bouffc warfare in the Baltic pro vinces. Their forces, while numer ous and destructive of property, are mobile aud move from one undefended point to another, occupying no place long. They are avoiding a general engagement, and cannot proceed far without bringing up many, reinforce ments. BALTIC RAID ASSUMES SERIOUS PROPORTIONS PKTROGRAD, May 4.?It was offic ially admitted last night that the Ger man raid into the Baltic provinces of Russia is assuming serious propor tions. While great bodies of troops arc be ing concentrated In the threatened re gion to check the advanco of the ene my, detachments of cavalry, automo biles and mounted infantry arc now romping over the Shavi regions. Small bodies or raiders have appeared with in 25 miles of the Russian seaport of Riga. OPERATIONS RESUME IN CARPATHIANS PETROGRAD, May 4.?Weather in the Carpathians has so improved that the Russians have resumed their of fensive at Uszok pass. Flooded rivers are subsiding, and the Russians arc taking forward heavy artillery. Large Austro-German reinforce ments have arrived at U8zok and are making frequent attacks, without forc ing the Russians to relinquish posi tions captured. The Austro-German offensive from the Dunajec hns apparently been com pletely checked. Official reports say the Russians are pressing the enemy back from Gorlice, with heavy losses. ALLIES PREPARING FOR LARGE OPERATIONS 4 LONDON. May 4.?Winston Church ill has roturned from France where he conferred with the French minister of marine. It is reported that they dis cussed the North Sea and Dardanelles situations, laying plans for stupen dous naval operations, to include ar rangements for protecting landing of troops at four different points on the Turkish coast in addition to Enos. FRANCE SENDS GOLD TO NEW YORK | LONDON. May 4.?It is stated in Lombard street that $5,000,000 In gold i. being' sent to New York for ac count of France.