Newspaper Page Text
THE ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE
VOL. v., NO. 626. JUNEAU, ALASKA, SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1915. PRICE TEN CENTS. ' :?i ? . ' : . LAKE BOAT CAPSIZES; 1500 DROWN RUSSIA BECOMES AGGRESSOR PETROGRAD, Jluy 24.?Great fresh force* of Russians are today attack ing the Tutonic armies in Galicia with tne purpose in view of relieving the pressure of the German allies farther north In their movement against Warsaw. The German line is now a continuous one. and the pres sure against the forces that consti tute its southern end jeopardizes the whole line. The Russian attacks In Galicia were unexpected by the Germans, and they are carrying the advance forces of the Germans and Austrian* backward. Defense Is Stubborn. LONDON. July 24. ?The stubborn Russian defense along the whole bat tle lino from the Baltic to Bukowina Is still holding out against the ter rific German thrusts. The Russian fortresses of Ossowetcz. Novo Geor gevieslc. Ivangorod and the eastern defenses of Warsaw and Lublin have thus fur proved that they are imper vious to attack. Stretching both north and south from Warsaw, the Russian lines have been strengthened, and tn many places they are continuing the strat egy of counter attacks. German sources continue to report some gains in the movement against Russia, but admit that it may be sev eral days before definite results can be expected. Western Fighting Desultory. Fighting on the western front has been desultory except In the vicinity of Verdun where there are evi dences that the Germans have rein forced the army of the Crown Prince which has its base on St. Mihiel. with Verdun as the objective of attacks. Western Drive Expected. LONDON. July 24.?Evidence con tinues to accumulate that it is the purpose of Germany to follow her capture of Warsaw, and it is claimed at Berlin that there is no doubt about the final capture of that city, with a drive against the Allies in the west, it is expected that the Germans will attempt to break through the Allies' lines in two places, along the chan nel const and down the Meuse in the vicinity of Verdun. UNITED STATES MAY ORDER 30 SUBMARINES ?+? WASHINGTON. July 24?The gen eral board of the United States navy will ask for 30. and probably more, submarines to be constructed this year. Some naval officers of high rank think 50 or 75 would not be too many. TURKS MOW ALLIES LIKE GRAIN IN FIELDS BKLOIT. Wis. July 24?Allen smttn of Detroit, a petty officer on the bat tleship North Carolina, back on a fur lough after having been stationed in the war zone of the Dardanelles says that the strong Turkish forces are causing horrible carnage among the Allies in the land operations, and that British and French troops are mowed down like grain in the fileds in every battle. ? He does not believe that the Allies will ever take the Tur kish forts. RECRUITING PROHIBITED IN THE UNITED STATES NEW YORK. July 24.?A Washing ton special to the Times says that despite the protests of the British ambassador the United States will continue to stop enlisting in this coun try. Italy is reported to be enrolling men in Western New York. BRITAIN MAY TAKE OVER LIQUOR INTERESTS ? LONDON. July 24.?Under powers by defense of the realm act. the Brit ish government has decided to take over the control of the sale of intox icating liquors in many districts in which war material is being handled. GERMANS LAUNCHING TWO SUBMARINES WEEKLY AMSTERDAM. July 24.?Germany is said to be launching two submar ines a week of the largest type. 300 feet long, with armed upper decks and demountable rapid fire guns. RUSSIAN ORDERS FLYING BOATS IN UNITED STATES NEW YORK. July 21. The Russian government has ordered two monster aeroplanes of the flying boat type for its navy, to be built at Buffalo. N. Y.. by the Curtiss Aeroplane Company. RAISE EMBARGO ON HIDES PARIS. July 24.? Owing to the need of sole leather the French gov ernment has agreed to lift its em bargo on exportation of raw bides. 44444444444444444 * WEATHER TODAY 4 4 Maximum?72. 4 4 Minimum 51. 4 4 CLEAR ! ! 4 44444444444444444 PRESS ALL ! SUPPORT PRESIDENT WASHINGTON, July 24?Tho New York and other newspapers with hard ly an exception praise the third note of President Woodrow Wilson to Germany in unstinted terms. The concensus of opinion is that it is the strongest note that has yet been wirtten, that it leaves nothing un said, and that there must be compli ance with or rejection of the Amer ican demands. Case Now with Germany. The New York Times says: "It rests with Germany to say whether she desires the continuance of friendly relations between the two governments and the two peoples." Direct and Severe. The New York Herald says: "The last American note is cutting ly direct and designedly severe." It says, further, that the situation de manded such a note, as the President could not be expected to permit the controversy to drag on forever. Note Tells the Truth. The New York Tribune says: "It tells the truth in words that can neither provoke just resentment, nor permit honest misapprehension." Not Interested in Talk. The New York Wolrd says: "The United States is no longer concerned with what Germany says. It is concerned only with what Ger many does." Amounts to An Ultimatum. The Chicago Tribune says: "If the note is not an ultimatum in form it is an ultimatum in fact" It says that Germany cannot fail to see that the "Unlte<i States ex pects action and not controversy." Nothing Left Misunderstood. The Louisville Courier-Journal says: "The latest and it may be the last note of President Wilson to Germany i^garding that power's violation of the rights of neutrals, as perpetrated in the Lusitania outrage, leaves noth ing to be said, nothing to be misunder stood or doubted." GERMANS FAVOR AN UNDERSTANDING WITH U. S .A. BERLIN. July 24.? Among the items given out for distribution abroad by the Overseas News Agency were the following: Political and even naval circles are beginning to tire of the daily editor ials In the Deutsche Tages Zeitung against a Gehman-American under standing on the submarine question. The Tages Zeitung's attitude is considered sufficient proof that such an understanding is desirable. FRANCE IS ONE VAST HOSPITAL SEATTLE. July 24.?Emlle Have laque. inspector-general of public in struction in France, arrived in Seattle ! last night. He says France is one ' vast hospital, where the wounded of that country. Great Britain and Bel gium are being treated for their 1 wounds. He says, also, -that thous ands of Germans are in French hos i pitals. "France Will Win." "However," he says, "France will win in the war against Germany. There are no words that will describe the determination of the French peo ple to erase the stain of 1S70 and the Alsace and Lorraine disgrace. There will never Be peace in Europe until Germany is forceably returned to sep arate States under the system that prevailed a half century ago. The , peoples of Europe have determined that Prussia and the Hozenhollerns shall not dominate the continent. Their light is for civilization, and it must succeed." MEXICAN CITY MOBS ENDANGER FOREIGNERS ?+? NEW YORK. July 24.? A Mexico City special to the Sun says foreign ers there are in the gravest personal danger of mobs and Zapatlst soldiers. The populace is incensed against the Americans owing to reports spread by politicians and trouble makers that the United States government is backing Carranzistas in their attack on the city. There have been serious bread riots and stores and residences have been entered and looted by the mobs. DIAZ FOLLOWERS PREVENTED FROM RECEIVING MUNITIONS WASHINGTON. July 24.?The De partment of the Treasury has pre vented the clearance of a vessel be lieved to be loading at New .York with war munitions for Diaz follow ers in Mexico. OWNERS OF SAYVILLE WIRELESS PROTEST AGAINST SEIZURE WASHINGTON. Jury 24.?The Na vy Department has been advised of the intention of the Atlantic Com munication company, the owners of the Sayville wireless station, to file a formal protest against the action of the United States government in tak ing over the Sayville station. NOTE IS UP TO ADVANCE EXPECTATIONS WASHINGTON, July 24.?The sa lient declarations in President Wood row Wll8on..8 third German note, which was given to the press last night, is that it informs Germany that the United States intends to regard "as deliberately unfriendly" any re petition of acts of German naval com manders in contravention of American rights; it declares that the German note of July 8 is "very unsatisfac tory," and announces that the United States will continue to contend for the freedom of the seas "from what ever quarter violated, without com promise and at any cost." The note contained no surprises, ex cept, perhaps, in the strength of the language employed. It lived up to the advance notices, but did not go beyond them. The President refused to recede a single lota from his former positions; refused to permit a confusion of Ger many's violation of the rules of in ternational law with our controversy with Great Britain over her treat ment of neutral shipping; insists that Germany must acknowledge respon sibility for the loss of American lives on the Lusitania and disavow any claim of right to attack neutral raer | chant ships, or any unresisting ship carrying neutrals as passengers with out flivlng ample warning to neutrals on board of them. 'tne rresiuent reruses 10 uiscuss with Germany the alleged violations of International law by Great Britain, saying that those are matters which we must discuss with Great Britain herself. It Is suggested, however, that as far as the United States is concerned she cannot recognize any quarrel Germany might have with any other nation as sufficient cause for Germany to commit acts that are Illegal and Inhuman when such acts deprive neutrals of rights. The President says frankly that the ; German reply to the American note : is not responsive and Is disappoint I ing in its failure to bring tho issues to a satisfactory conclusion. The suggestion of Germany that the United States designate four foreign j ships In which to carry Amorican trade is repudiated flatly with the i suggestion that the United States Is contending for tho freedom of the seas and that such a procedure would be an abandonment of the principles the United States has advanced. I The note says that the United States is willing to make allowances for changed conditions In naval war fare. but that It must insist that the right to freedom of the high seas is one that cannot be denied neutrals under any circumstance whether it be through retaliation for real or fan cied wrongs or otherwise. The note says the events of the war have demonstrated that it is practicable for submarines to warn ! neutral merchant ships before attack ing them. The President said that the United States would be glad to cooperate with Germany in an effort to establish international rules for the freedom of the sea and the regulation of sub j marine warfare. CHARGE FATHERLAND OF GUILTY KNOWLEDGE OF DYNAMITERS IN AMERICA WASHINGTON, July 24.?Sir Cec cil Spring-Rice, British Ambassador has formally called the attention of the State Department to The Father land, a German paper published in New York, pointing out that it fore cast the sinking of the Lusitania and predicted internal explosions on many I vessels sailing from the United States for the Allies nations. Ambas sador Spring-Rice said that such pub lications "indicated guilty for know ledge of a crime." GERMANS ACCUSED OF HOLDING UP RELIEF SUPPLIES ?+? LONDON, July 24.? A Rotterdam dispatch says the German military au thorities in several Belgian provinces in an effort to force civilians to work for the German army, have withheld food supplies sent in by the Com mission for the Relief of Belgium. CABINET TO REPORT ON NATIONAL DEEENSE WASHINGTON. July 24?President Woodrow Wilson today called upon the beads of the War and Navy De partments for reports on the subject of National defense. The President desires to secure the reports in time to consider them in connection with his message to the regular session of Congress next December. WAR THREATENS RUIN TO BRITISH FINANCES LONDON, July .24.?In the House of Lords. Lord Middleton said that, ' assuming peace comes by March 31, 1916, the total amount of the national debt of England incurred by that date would reach $6,406,000,000. If taxa tion continued as at present there would be a deficit of $70,000,000 a year in interest alone to make up in time of peace. Empire want ads. work all the time. DIFFICULT PROJECT OUTLINED Drilling of a 1300-foot tunnel ! through solid rock to carry water i from Upper Annex Lake to provldo j additional power for the Operation of j the Alaska Gastineau Mining Com pany's great mill at Thane, was ; commenced yesterday njornlng, and i details of one of the most difficult | projects known to mining enginery have Just been made public. Some timo lato in December there will be a terrific blest in the tunnel, when several tons of dynamite will bo exploded to break through a wall of rock separating tho lako and tho tunnol. If the hopes of tho engineers are fulfilled, water should come rac ing through the tunnol from tho lake a few minutes after tho explosion, and another difficulty in securing , power for the mill will have been surmounted. What the Plans Are The tunnel will tap Annex I>ake at i a point 150 feet below the surface of the lako. At a point two hundred ( feet from the lake, a raise will be ; made a distance of 75 feet, and an- | other drift will be bored parallel to the lake. "T's" will be cut at right 1 angles to tho lake, in order to hold the several tons of powder which will 1 be discharged to make the conncc- 1 tion. In tho event that the explos ion falls to remove the last barrier I between the tunnels and the waters , of the lake, diving will be resorted : to, to break the wall of rock from the ( lako side. A natural reservoir will thus be created, without tho expenso I of constructing a dam. The lake is fed from all sides, the watersheds , having twenty or more feeding ] streams. According to the company's plans, j tho tunnel's mouth will be encased I with cement, and flood-gates built. (l Wt)en the connection is made with I tho lako, a great quantity of sand will be placed in the tunnol, to cush- I ion the shock of the explosion. If ,1 the connection is made with the lake, the sand also is expected to serve as a Mow-barrier to the rush of wa ter, and the water will not be drawn off until the gates aro opened. At the mouth of the tunnel the wa ter will be turned into a pipe 8,000 (Continued on Paso Five) BECKER GAINS POINT IN EIGHT TO PROLONG LIEE NEW YORK, July 24. ? Former Police Lieut. Charles Becker secured order yesterday from Justice Eugene A. Phllbin of the Supreme court ctt ; ing the District Attorney to show why ; he should not be given n new trial. The order will be argued Monday, and j an attempt will be niudc to make a showing that will at least permit to go exhaustively Into the new evi dence that is said to have been dis covered. It is Jbcllcved here that the last move of Becker's attorneys will re sult In further delay of the execu tion of the death sentence. Becker was sentenced to be electro cuted next week. The showing for Becker represents that there has been a frame-up among the New York "highcrups" who par ticipated in the graft to make a "goat" of Becker. It Is said that the hear ing will involve the names of many who have been prominent in munici pal politics. REWARD OFFERED FOR MRS. ROWE'S MURDERER FAIRBANKS. July 24. ? Approxi mately $4,000 has been raised as a re ward of the arrest and conviction of the murderer of Mrs. W. E. Rowe. United States Marshal L. T. Erwln headed the list with $150 on condition that none of the reward should go to United States officials. FOREST FIRES THREATEN INTERIOR ALASKA ROADS VALDEZ, July 24.?Forest ilres are raging at many places along the gov ernment road between the coast and the Tanana river. The Alaska board of road commissioners are doing all within their power to protect the roads and bridges along the route. AFFINITY SHOOTS AND KILLS MARRIED MAN SEATTLE, July 24.?Howard Bor ders, a teamster, was shot and killed here yesterday by his affinity, who gives her name as Alvie Lillian Bor ders, late of Fargo, North Dakota, where they lived together and where a son was born to them. Borders was married. DETROIT MAY BUY STREET RAILWAYS DETROIT. Mich., July 24?The De ard Oil Company's Dutch rival, has agreed to sell the city lines to the City of Detroit. The terms provide for a Vote of the people and the price to be paid is to be fixed by the Cir cuit Court. PRANK'S SAVIOR IS VISITOR IN NORTHLAND WRANOELL. July 24.?A Governor who had the moral courage and the strength of character to defy public opinion when ho was satisfied that ho was right, will be a Juneau visi tor tortfght. Tho City of Seattle is duo hero be tween 8 and 10 o'clock tonight, hav ing left Wrangell this morning. He is John M. Slaton, Georgia's now famous ex-governor, who, on Monday, June 21, five days bofore his two- year term of office expired, com muted tho death sentence of Leo. M. Frank to life imprisonment. When ho saved the neck of the convicted slayer of 14-year-old Mary Phagan, of Atlanta, Governor Slaton was the target for the abuse of thousands of people all over the United States, es pecially in tho South, while people who applauded the stand ho took were outside of his state, more numerous. On "Holiday Trip." Gov. Slaton is an excursionist on board tho steamship City of Seattle, accompanied by Mrs. Slaton, and will make the trip to Skagway and Sitka on that steamer before returning to Seattle. After the sensational riots In Atlanta, following his action in the Frank case, Slaton decided to take a trip to New York and then West. It Is the first vacation ho has had in fifteen years, he says. When his "holiday," as ho calls it, is over, he will return to the Georgia capital, to resume the practice of law, in the offices which he occupied for 26 years up to the time he became the chief executive of that State. "1 never saw i^eo eranK in my iuu. lie says. "I never have received a message from him. It was an ab stract case of Justice to me. Tho pardon board, It Is true, had rejected Frank's application for clemency, by s vote of two to one, but I could not retire from my office with the blood of that man on my soul. I would have been a murderer if I had allowed the man to hang. They said that I would live the remainder of my days In ob security, but I would rather be plough ing in the fields than to feel for the rest of my life that I had committed murder." Went Through Stormy Days It will be remembered that on June 22 Gov. Slaton was forced to proclaim murtial law. and the protection of a company of militin was given him. He remained at his country home two days, with a guard of soldiers sur rounding the estate. Go. Slaton's term expired Saturday, June 26. When lie handed the seal: of the State to his successor, Gov. Nat E. Harris, he said: "It has nev er been dishonored." He and Mrs. Slnton left Atlanta during the follow ing week. "I find exculpation for the commu tation of Frank's sentence In the mnnner In which you people out West speak of my action, and It Is mighty reassuring, I can tell you*" he said. Both the governor and Mrs. Slaton expressed the delight thnt the Alaska trip hns given them. "It Is a wonder ful voyage, and I am sure we shall never forget It," he said. DESTROYER FIOTILLA REACHES SITKA SITKA, July 24. ? The United States torpedo boat flotilla boat flotil la, consisting of the Paul Jones, the Stewart. Perry and Preble, arrived this morning from Bremerton. They will depart July 29, after coaling hero, for Kodiak and Dutch Harbor. They will receive coal at the latter place from the Justlan, and thence they will sail August 10th for Kiska. They will return to Dutch Harbor and take on coal again and sail direct to Sit ka, where they will arrive August 30. They will take on coal again at Sit ka and return to Bremerton via the Inside passage. The flotilla is due at San Francis co exposition September 30. TERRIBLE BATTLE WITH FIRE ON INDIAN OCEAN DURBAN. South, Africa, July 24.? After days of fighting with fire that broke out In her hold the Insular and Oriental Company's Australian liner; Bcnalla had the flames under con trol before aid responding to wireless calls reached the vessel and assisted in completely extinguishing the fire. The situation was made more diffi cult by the fact that the ship had hundreds of passengers on board. BRITISH SCHOONER IS LOST IN SOUTH PACIFIC HONOLULU, T. H., July 24.?The British schooner Strathcona. enroute from Auklnnd to Honolulu, was a to tal loss In the South Pacific ocean near the Fiji Islands. EMPEY ESCAPES; COWBOYS CAPTURE HIS KIDNAPER IDAHO FALLS, Idaho, July 24?Er nest A. Empey. the wealthy cattle man who was kidnaped and held for a ransom of $6,000 escaped. Later, cowboys captured Leon Dean, a sheep herder, whom Empey accused of the crime. Dean confessed that he did the kidnaping. GOLD IMPORTATIONS HAVE PASSED $125,000,000 MARK NEW YORK, July 24.?The impor tation of gold into the United States 1 has passed the $125,000,000 mark this ] year. ! , SUBMARINE WARFARE COSTS ENGLAND $1,000,000 WEEKLY 1 ?] ? LONDON, July 24.?It is estimated that England is losing $1,000,000 a week in shipping as the result of the German submarine blockade 1 6,000 MORE MEN ARE PUT TO WORK THIS WEEK CHICAGO. July 24?The Gnry plant of the Illinois Steel Company, which has been partially shut down for the last two years is now operating at full capncity and employing 12,000 men. This is an addition of 6,000 men. TRAVELLERS CANNOT GET GOLD IN PARIS ?4? PARIS, July 24.?The chief Ameri can banks of Paris have surrendered all their gold to the Bank of France and American travelers with letters of credit are unable to obtain gold on checks. CABLE WORKS HARD. The cable is working partic ularly hard today, and is five hours behind with its work. A part of The Empire's news service only was permitted to De crowded through this after noon. The Burnside left Seattle yes terday and will repair it during the coming week. DINING CAR SERVICE IS NOT PROFITABLE WASHINGTON. July 24.?Reports of western railroads to the Interstate Commerce Commission show that the Illinois Central is the only road to show a profit on Its dining car sor volce from that source and its net earnings "were only $48. STOCK QUOTATIONS NEW YORK, July 24.?Alaska Gold closed yesterday at 34; Chlno, 44%; Ray. 22%; Utah Copper, G5%; Butte & Superior, 70. Copper was quoted at 19 cents. GAY PICNIC TRIP BECOMES VOYAGE OF DEATH AT CHICAGO CHICAGO, JULY 24.-Fifteen hundred or more lives were lost when the excursion steam ship "Eastland" turned turtle in the Chicago River this morning, two minutes after she had left her pier with 2500 employees of the Western Electric Company. The vessel was under char ter to the employees, for a trip to Michigan City, Indiana, where a big picnic was to have been held. The pall that settled over Chicago as a realization of the calamity swept over the city, was even greater than that caused by the destruction of the Iroquois Theatre, by fire Dec. 30,1903, with a loss of 531 lives. FRIENDS AND RELATIVES SEE TRAGEDY. While a great crowd of relatives and friends of the pic nicers gathered at the dock to bid Godspeed to the excursion ists, the big vessel swung out into the stream, on her way into Lake Michigan. Suddenly she careened toward the north side of the river and then turned over so quickly that hundreds did not have time even to throw themselves into the water. Hundreds of women and children were aboard. Those on the decks were toppled into the river before they had time to reach for the life belts. PASSENGERS WERE ENTRAPPED. Five hundred of the passengers were below decks, and had no chance to escape, according to Captain Albert Denham, of the Chicago traffic squad, the first policeman to reach the scene. Capt. Denman and his assistants had to struggle desperately with friends and relatives of the victims, who surged about the narrow landing and were frantic to reach the capsized boat. Reserve squads of police, rushed to the scene, were froced to use their night sticks to drive back the panic-crazed mob. Every time a new group of victims was brought to the shore, there was a mad rush by the mob, to reach the Clark Street bridge, and the boat landing. BODIES BEING RECOVERED. At noon the police reported that between 500 and 800 peo ple had perished in the Eastland's loss, hut at 2 o'clock this afternoon Deputy Coroner Jones and Sheriff Traiger, who are directing the work of removing the bodies from the hull of the vessel, stated that from reports of the bodies still within the hull, it appeared that the death list would reach 1500. Hundreds of the excursionists were trapped in the vessel's main deck, while on the decks above, the picnicers were caught without a chance to escape, owing to the fact that they were crowded in the aisles, and in the long seats. At 1 o'clock this afternoon 500 bodies had been recovered. At 2 o'clock 679 bodies had been taken from the sunken vessel. The rescuers broke through the exposed portion of the ship's port side, tearing through the plates and recovering the bodies through the apertures. The ship floated for a short distance after she overturned, but soon settled, a hundred feet from the Clark Street bridge. WAS VESSEL OVERLOADED? A sweeping investigation of the disaster will be started at once. The general belief was that the vessel was overloaded. The Eastman was a steamship of 1961 gross and 1218 net tons displacement. She was 265 feet long and 38.2 feet beam. Her depth was 19.5 feet. Her engines were capable of 3,000 horse power. She was built in 1903 at Port Huron, Michigan, and was registered at Cleveland. Her crew was usually 75 men. The owners of the Eastland claim that the steamer turned over because three-fourths of the excursionists rushed to the outer side of the steamer to wave to people on shore. The Eastland horror recalls the burning of the excursion steamship General Slocum on June 15, 1904. The General Slo cum took fire while passing through Hell Gate, East River, and over a thousand lives were lost, the victims being women and children mostly.