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THE ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE
VOL. V., NO. 635. . JUNEAU, ALASKA, WEDNESDAY, AUG. 4, 1915. PRICE TEN CENTS. WARSAW HOLDS OUT WHILE RUSSIANS RETREAT TERRIFIC STORMS TAKE TOLL IN THE EAST . * | __ _ ~ FORESTRY CHIEF IS IN JUNEAU Henry S. Graves, chief forester, is u visitor in Juneau. He arrived yes terday evenig on the government launch lahn. with Assistant Forest er E. A. Sherman and Local Forest Supervisor W. G. Welgle. The Tahn is making an extensive cruise of Southeastern Alaska, to give the head of the federal forestry service and his assistant an insight into conditions in the Tongass and Chugach forest re serves. The Tahn left Ketchikan on July IS. and has been along the West Coast of Prince of Wales Island, and at Sitka. After leaving Juneau the Tahn will call at Haines and Skag wav, and Mr. Graves and Mr. Sher man will then visit the interior of Alaska, collecting data to support the forest department in its opposition to the abolishment of the govern ment's conservation policy. The party will go to Cordova, overland from Fairbanks. While on this trip Mr. Graves also will classify lands within the reserves that are not tim bered and these eventually will be excluded from the reserves, he says. Scenery Impresses Him. "I have simply been 'bowled over' by the scenery 1 have seen in South eastern Alaska." the forester declar ed. "We are trying to work out a fair and equitable plan for the devel opment of the various hot springs in Alaska, which are governed by our department. We are spending some money on them ourselves and I think some of them will be developed by the service, while others are turned over for a term of years to private capital. At any rate I think they are wonder ful assets and should be fully develop ed." Mr. Graves refused to express an opinion on the action of the legislature in dividing the receipts from the sale of timber in the First and Third di vision forest reserves, equally among the four divisions of Alaska. "This is a matter for the courts to settle." he said. About Lane's Board. Mr. Graves declares that he has been misquoted by the newspapers, in reference to Alaska development board plan advocated by Secretary' of the Interior I-ane. "Several papers said I was opposed to Mr. I-ane's plan." he said. "But I am not. al though I cannot say at this time that . 1 am in favor of it. Secretary Lane and I are very good friends and we have worked in harmony, and if he thinks it is a good plan we will let it go at that. I have nothing to say of the matter. "I am making my first visit to the North." said Mr. Graves today. "I. of course, have a lot of information relative to the reserves here, but I wanted to see the country and get first-hand knowledge of such lands as cr.u rightful! be thrown out of the reserve llmii I will also busy my self in collecting data to combat any such bill as that introduced last win ter in Congress to abolish the Chu gaeh reserve. I am opposed to any movement to abolish any forest re serve in Alaska and the Chugach par ticularly. Woodpiles of Alaska. woodpiles of Alaska and even for this j reason alone they must be preserved A wrong impression has been created through the complaints of Alaskans over the fact that some land not bear ing timber has been included within the reserve. It is time that this mat ter was cleared up. When the Chu gach reserve was created the land was not any too well surveyed. Kence. in order to list boundaries that could be recognized without any later dis pute. it was necessary to take natural lines such as the seacoast. a moun tain range and meridians. In this way. in order to get the forest re gions. we had to include some land not bearing timber, as for instance, that portion crossed by the Valdez Fairbanks trail, which, to tell the truth, is so barren of timber that it was hard to find anything upon which to nail notices. Miners traveling ov er this trail set up a howl that reach ed all over the country and all sorts of complaints were issued about the forest reserve that bore no timber. Now all such land will be taken out of the reserves just as soon as we can check up the boundaries of the real forest (Cctinued on page 6.) ONE KILLED WHEN BOMB IS EXPLODED PHILADELPHIA. Aug. 4.?The ex plosion of a bomb in a section of the United. States arsenal here today killed one civilian and injured two soldiers. ? ?? + *???? + ? + ?>? + *? + WEATHER TODAY + + Maximum?69. +? + Minimum?3S. + * CLEAR ! ! + TILLMAN SEES U. S. IN WAR SEATTLE, Aug. 4.?"The opening to actual mining of the Matanuska coal fields will prevent graft in the, award of naval coal contracts, de clared United States Senator Benja min R. Tillman of South Carolina. cha<rman of the naval committee, in an interview here yesterday. He had just returned from a tour of South eastern Alaska. Senator Tillman intimated that the government "would need the Alaska coal" to fight one of the European na tions as soon as the present war is over." He indicated that it was Ger many that he was alluding to. "Pres ident Wilson won't beg on his belly to keep out of war with Germany." he said. The South Carolina statesman said farther that he hoped the Alaska rail road would be rushed to completion. villa omcii shot and killed XOGALES. Sonora, Aug. 4.? Cap tain Manuel Sasanoba. of the Villa garrison here, was shot and killed to day by General Jose Maria Acosta, a lieutenant on Governor Maytorena's staff. Lieut. Carlos Mateo, a by stander. is dying, as the result of a wound he received from a wild shot returned by Casanoba. CARRANZA CLAIMS VICTORY AT TORREON VERA CRUZ.. Aug. 4.?It is claim ed here today that General Venusti ano Carranza has won an important victory at Torreon. The announce ment came from General Carranza t himself. Peace Is Talked. WASHINGTON. Aug. 4. ? The United States probably will ask South America co-operation in restoring peace in Mexico, according to John Barrett, of the Pan-American union, who today called a meeting to con sider the matter, for September 3. CANADA'S WOUNDED MAY RETURN HOME OTTAWA. Aug. 4.?Premier Borden while in England, will endeavor to secure an arrangement whereby the wounded Canadian soldiers may bej dispatched as rapidly as they can be! moved to Canada for treatment in their own country. ? ? ? FORMER DIPLOMAT MAY BE PORTUGAL'S PRESIDENT ?+? LISBON. Aug. 3.? The number of candidates for the presidency of the republic in the election to be held on August 6 has now been reduced vir tually to two. Dr. Daurette Lelte.1 former premier, ministerd of the in teriorfl and Dr. Barnardlno Machado. minister to Brazil, and also a former premier. It is generally believed the latter will be successful. BLUM & O'NEILL INCORPORATE. Articles of Incorporation have been filed by Blum & O'Neill who intend to conduct a general merchandise bus iness in the Territory with headquar ters at Cordova. This company is a consolidation of S. Blum Company and O'Neill & Slater, both of Cordova. The new corporation is capitalized at $100,000. WOLLENBERG TO VISIT KENSINGTON Harry 1.. IVolIenborg. chief engineer of the Alaska Gastineau Mining Co., expects to leave next week for the Kensington mine at Comet, to col lect engineering data necessary to the mapping out of the construction pro gram at Kensington next spring, when a 500-ton mill will be constructed. $5,000 BEQUEST TO HORSE NEW YORK. Aug. 3.? Dr. George P. Griffing. of Brooklyn and South Jamesport. L. I., created a trust fund of $5,000 in his will, filed for pro bate at Riverhead Monday, with the income from which his "faithful" old horse Frank is to be maintained in comfort until he dies. When the horse dies the $5,000 will go to the Jamestown Congregational Church, to which is left the income from $10,000 more. The estate is val ued at $85,000. LOCKS CASHIER UP AND BRAGS $22,000 CEDAR. Rapids. la.. Aug. 4.---A lone handit held up Leo Ferris, cashier of ! the First National Bank at 8 o'clock this morning, locked Ferris In the vault and escaped with $22,000. Tho robber overlooked $32,000 in the vault. A clerk in the bank released the cashier an hour later. FINDS U. S. POSITION UNTENABLE WASHINGTON. Aug. 4.?The three British replies to the American note respecting neutral commerce, and its rights on the sea, were published to day. In his summary, Sir Edward Grey holds that the position taken by the United States is untenable, either in point of law, or upon the principles of international equity. Secretary of State Lansing has be gun to draft the reply of the United States. CANADIAN LEADER SAYS DOMINION NOT DOING DUTY TORONTO. Aug. 3.?N. W. Rowel!, leader of the Opposition in Ontario, told the Canadian Club that Canada had not yet done her whole duty to herself or to the British Empire. He showed how. if our Dominion had done proportionately to Great Britain we should now have 500,000 men un der arms Instead of about one-fifth that number. He pointed out how France and Germany compelled their manhood to go to war and added the notable warning: "If, living in a land of freedom and having the right and power to choose whether we shall fight, we fail to respond to our coun try's appeal In the hour of need, we shall prove ourselves by that very act unworthy of free citizenship in this great Empire of ours." NEW YORK MILLIONAIRE PRISON WARDEN PRAISED ?+? ALBANY. Aug. 3?The State Pris on Commission, in its report to the Governor, covering the results of its investigation into Sing Sing prison, recommends that the penitentiary be moved to a farm site as soon as pos sible. The report commends the ad ministration of Warden Thomas Mott Osborne and his humanitarian inno vations in the treatment of prison ers. VANCOUVER ALDERMEN CUT OWN SALARIES VANCOUVER. B. C.. Aug. 3.?Van courver Aldermanic remuneration will henceforth be but $60 a month in place of the $80 that they have been receiving for the past few months, the war cut which went into operation at the end of last year having elim inated $20 from the $100 which was at one time paid, and which the by law calls for. No reduction will be made in the mayorality salary, however. The action of the Aldermen in re ducing their own salaries was in ac cordance with a general policy of re trenchment. The cost of government in Vancouver has been reduced $200, 000. :JM IMMIGRATION IS NOW ALMOST NOTHING NEW YORK, Aug. 3.?Immigration figures for nine months show a net addition to the population of the United States of only 77,335. as com pared with 700.491 during the same months last year. POPE'S PEACE PLANS DON'T PLEASE LONDON ?*? BERLIN. Aug. 2.?The plan of the pope to have each of the belligerent nations of Europe state the terms on which she would agree to peace for the purpose of trying to adjust the differences that exist between them in such a way as to bring about peace on the continent does not please the British press. Tho more that the matter is discussed here, tho more distasteful it appears to the people. "We had no choice in the matter in 1914 when Germany refused to listen to overtures for a settlement of the trouble and rushed an army into Belgium, and .re have no choice in the matter now but to see the war to a successful finish." The London papers without excep tion are incensed at the Pope's sug festion that the Nations arc equally to blame for the beginning of the fratricidal strife and equally responsi ble for its continuation. RELATIVE OF FORMER PRESIOENT ROOSEVELT WAS ALASKA VISITOR Mrs. George W. Roosevelt, whose husband was a cousin of former Pres ident Theodore Roosevelt, and who for 40 years before his death was conected with the United States Con sular service, passed through Juneau on the Jefferson yosterday. Mrs. Roosevelt visited the Westward sec tion and left theAlameda at Skagway for a stay at that place and a short trip into the interior. She was ac companied by Mrs. Penn, of Virginia. FIFTY DIE IN STORM AT ERIE NEW YORK, Aug. 4.?The Atlan tic seaboard from Maine to Georgia has been swept by the worst storm In many years. The loss of life was greatest at Erie, Penn. Millions of dollars worth of property has been destroyed and communication is par alyzed. The steamer Chase foundered off Sandy Hook. No lives were lost. The storm continued until daybreak. ERIE, Penn., Aug. 4.?Fifty persons were drowned and property estimated to be worth five millions of dollars was destroyed when a cloudburst broke over Erie last night. Hundrods of home and business houses were swept away and all night the suffering in the flooded district was acute. Thirty bodies had been recovered to day at noon. The victims were caught in the debris and swirled through the city ou the crest of the waves. Many lurge mercantile es tablishments were ruined. Mayor Stern has sent out an appeal for assistance. RAIN AND WIND FLOOD NEW YORK NEW YORK, Aug. 4. ? Torrential rains this morning turned the streets into rivers, flooded cellars and crippled traffic. A 60-mile gale ac companied the downpour and trees in tho parks were uprooted. LIGHT SNOW AT ESCANABA, MICH. CHICAGO, Aug. 4.?A light fall of snow is reported on Lake Superior. Owing to heavy rains the rivers arc rising in Lower Michigan and North ern Indiana.. A cloudburst at Calumet. Mich., did $500,000 damage. Ten inches of rain fell. At Sioux City, Iowa, the tempera ture was 50 degrees. ? # ? GERMAN GOLD FOR BULGARS BERLIN, Aug. 4.?It was learned: here today that German bankers have assumed fifty million dollars of the national debt of Bulgaria. The news j was confirmed by government offl-; clals. CHINAMAN GOES FREE IN CURIOUS MANNER CHICAGO, Aug. 3.? Mock Chung was not murdered, because Mock Chung is not dead, a jury In Judge Barrett's court decided when it ac quitted Harry Eng Hong, charged with having killed him In a Chinese Tong war. Jung Lung is the dead man. Hong contended, but he was not accused of killing Lung. John Lung and Mock Chuch are tho same names according to the prosecutor, but they sounded differently to the jury. $40,000,000 CANADIAN LOAN BENEFITS LONDON BANKERS NEW YORK, Aug. 3.? With the bringing out of the $40,000,000 Canad ian loan to be placed in the United States less talk heard in Wall Street of a $100,000,000 credit to be estab lished by Great Britain in the United States. Bankers expressed the opin ion that no such loan would be made in the near future. While none of the funds borrowed by Canada is to be used for the purchase of munitions and supplies for Great Britain, Lon don bankers will get thei ndirect ben efit of the loan, since it will relieve the London banks of the necessity of meeting Canada's . finan'lal re quirements as heretofore. * 4* 4* ? + ? 4- 4? * + + 4* + <f> * * * * CABLE WILL BEGIN 4? 4- WORKING AGAIN * * BY TOMORROW + + ??? <? * The United States cable will + 4* be repaired by the Burnside * * and working again tomororw ? 4- evening, unless a now fault ap- 4 4* pears before that time. ? * One fault was repaired yes- 4* 4* terday, but another was dlscov- 4? 4- ered which prevented the use 4? 4- of the wire. The Burnside is 4> * working on that one today. 4? 4> Wireless and Canadian Line 4* ?> Used. 4* * The Empire today Is getting + + telegraphic news dispatches ?> + over both the Marconi Wire-. 4 4- less system and over the Seat- 4 4> tie, Vancouver, Ashcroft, % 4? Whitchorse, Skagway. Juneau 4> 4? route, and will continue to do + 4> so until the cable Is again in 4* + commission. .}. ? alsatian i city is bombed; PARIS, Aug. 4.?A flotilla of Eng-, lish and French aeroplanes this morn ing dropped twenty-five bombs on the| German city of Strassburg, capital of Alsace-Lorraine. The result of the damage Inflicted was not made pub lic. RENEW FIGHT IN WEST. Heavy fighting was renewed this morning on the front near Ypres, j where the British are holding the ] line. A dispatch from Amsterdam1 says the cannonading was terrific. The boom of great guns, and the noise of mine explosion Is audible at Courtral, Belgium. A steady stream j of wounded is coming from the vicin-l ity of Hooge. Most of the casualties are from shrapnel. ENGLAND TO FIGHT TO LAST DITCH I.ONDON, Aug. 4.?Celebrating the anniversary of England's declaration of war against Germany by thousands of meetings throughout the country, the British people recognize today how blind was their confidence of suc cess a year ago. Assembled on the aniversary of their entrance into the world combat the people of the Brit ish Empire have renewed their de termination to fight to the bitter end. It is admitted that Britain erred in the beglnnig of the war, but she in tends to profit by her mistakes and continue the war until her victory is assured. CHICAGO MUST BORROW TO PAY TEACHERS' SALARIES CHICAGO, Aug. 3.?Before the end of the year the school board will borrow $500,000 or moro for salaries prlcipally. To the maintenance of the salary schedule is due in large measure the prospective deficit of this year, yet there appears to be few trustees who will admit it frankly. The schedule has been materially incerased. The public generally ap proves of paying well the teaching force. Although verification is lacking, several have said that this schedule is among the highest, if not the high est, in the largest cities of the coun try. ELLA FLAGG YOUNG CALLS A SCHOOL . TRUSTEE A LIAR CHICAGO. Aug. 3.? Mrs. Ella Flagg Young, 70 years old, for half a century identified with education al work in Chicago and for the last six years superintendent of the city schools, interrupted the senate com mittee hearing yesterday afternoon to charge that a statement which had been made by Trustee Peter C. Clemenson was a lie. It was a tense moment in the Col lege room of the Hotel LaSalle, where had assembled adherents and critics of the present school administration. For more than half an hour Mrs. Young had been target of Dr. Clem enson's criticisms. At last het said she had been working hand in glove with the Teachers' Federation in In trigue against the board. Denounces the Witness Mrs. Young arose from her chainr. leveled her right index finger at the witness and with her voice tremb ling with indignation she said: "That statement is a lie; It Is a lie. I never lent my Influence to any cheating in the public schools." "It is apparent I will be the most unpopular man on the board tomor row," responded Dr. Clemenson, who did not move in his chair. "The idea of his testifying that I did such a thing," continued Mrs. Young from her place at the commit tee's table. "I never lied In ray lire, to my know ledge," said Dr. CIcmcnson. "I may have made mistakes, but when I dis cover them, I quickly turned back into the path of righteousness." GOMPERS URGES THE EASTLAND INQUIRY WASHINGTON, Aug. 4.?In a let ter to President Woodrow Wilson, President Samuel Gompers of the Am erican Federation of Labor today at- j tacked "the system of federal marine i inspection which is undoubtedly, in j some measure, to blnme for the East land disaster," and asked that an in quiry into the conduct of the inspect ors be conducted "by a commission of fair-minded persons." NEGRO QUARTET GETS TEN YEARS BELLEVILLE, 111., Aug. 4.?James H. Thomas, , negro mayor of Brook lyn, 111., and four other blacks were sentenced today to ten years each, in the State prison, for murdering a policeman. ITALY IS PRESSING FORWARD UDINE, Italy, Aug. 4.?An Austrian regiment was practically annihilated early last evening when four thous and Italian infantrymen charged them with the bayonet, on the Carso pla teau. LONDON, Aug. 4.?Dispatches from Geneva say the Austrian defenders are preparing to evacuate the first line of trenches in the Isonzo region, In Tyrol. The Italians are pressing on toward the border, the Austrian troops sustaining a decisive defeat on the Gail river. The Italians have taken possession of several railroads in the Carinthi an region, along the Fella river, a Rome special announces. "SEA WASPS" EIGHT SUBS LONDON,- Aug. 4.?Great Britain's answer to the submarine warfare of Germany is about ready to be deliv ered. It will consist of several thousand sea-wasps?motor boats, driven by gas and capable df a speed of sixty miles an hour. The boats will be equipped with quick-firing guns and searchlights, and will be used to pa trol the German war zone. Transport SunK. A British submarine today report ed that it had sunk a big German transport In the Baltic sea. ROUT GERMAN GUNBOAT. PETROGRAD, Aug. 4. ? The war office announced today: "Russian hydroplanes yesterday forced a Ger man gunboat to run ashore near Wln <lau, in the Baltic, after driving oft a Zeppelin and two German sea-planes." ANTI-AMERICAN SENTIMENT GROWS AMONG GERMANS ??? ZURICH, Switzerland. Aug. 3.? (via London)?American travelers re turning hero from Berlin report that there were serious anti-American dis turbances in the German capital on Tuesday and Wednesday of last week. A large crowd of students gathered in front of the American embassy and hooted and yelled until they were dis persed by a force of police summoned to protect the buildings. The police, according to the travel ers, requested Americans In Berlin to refrain from wearing the Stars and Stripes as badges or scarf pins, the sight of which they say, irritates the Germans and often exposes the wear ers to Insults and molestations. BRITISH EMPIRE UNITED BY WAR LONDON, Aug. 3.?The Dally News says: "The readiness and enthusiasm with which the overseas dominions have accepted their part in the strug gle for the preservation of British liberties Is perhaps the most gratify ing feature of the war. The welcome given Sir Robert Borden at the Gild hall is small witness of the feeling that their devotion has aroused in this country. "Whatever results the war mny have, it will assuredly have a profound effect in strengthening the spiritual bonds between this Empire's free peo ples. "What reactions upon political as sociations may be we cannot yet at tempt to guess, but they, too, will undergo important changes as the re sult of the experiences through which we are passing. "The Kaiser, who hoped to bring the Empire to ruin, will, in the end, have given it new and deeper foun dations." WARSAW PROPERTY 4 NOT TO BE DESTROYED ??? LONDON, Aug. 3.? Grand Duke Nicholas, comander-in-chiof of the Russian forces, has decreed, accord ing to a Router's Petrograd dispatch, that no property in Warsaw shall bo destroyed unless such a step is im perative from a viewpoint of militant nocessity. Owners of property and growing crops which are destroyed will be indemnified by the Russians government. Specific routes have been designated for the use of the inhabitants of Warsaw who are vol untarily leaving the city. ? ? ? ? ILLINOIS COMPANY TO MAKE 50 CARS DAILY CHICAGO, Aug. 3.?The American Car & Foundry Company will manu facture 2100 of 5000 box cars ordered by Russia at its Madison, III., plant, beginning Sent. 1. The production will run 50 tars a day. Tbe Empire has most readers BIG GUNS TURNED ON WARSAW BULLETIN 3 P. M. PETROGRAD, Aug. 4. ? Nine 42 centimetre guns are reducing War saw's last defenses. One hundred and fifty large guns are pouring lead and flame into one point. The ammu nition of the enemy seems inexhausti ble. Berlin, Aug. 4.?It was officially an nounced by the Russian legation at The Hague today that Warsaw had been evacuated on account of the lack of ammunition. The bridges spanning the Vistula river have been blown up and the hosts of Russians are re tiring. Dispatches from Ivangorod say the Russians, joined by thousands of Warsaw's civilian population, are escaping rapidly. An official dispatch from Petrograd was as follows: "If the Russians along the Warsaw front can hold the line for two more days it Is believed the main army may able to reach a new position assigned it, Insuring the complete success of the retreat." The drive of General von Gollwitz against the railroad between Warsaw and Petrograd has been clinched, al though the Germans admit heavy losses. A desperate batle is raging about Wyw.kow. A late message from Petrograd says: "In the direction of Riga the Russian troops have withdrawn to a point beyond tho river Ewst." _____ RUSSIAN COSSACKS MOW DOWN GERMANS London, Aug. 4? Dispatches from Innesbruck say that large German forces are advancing along the Bug river, heavy fighting ensuing. The loss of 20,000 German soldiers Is claimed by the Russian war office, as a result of a brilliant charge by Cos sacks. Weather conditions are said to be hampering the movements of both armies. It Is raining heavily around Warsaw. GREECE IS ASKED TO ENTER THE WAR Athens, Aug. 4.?Overtures for her entrance to the European war as an ally of the quadruple entente, were made to Greece today when British, Russian, French and Italian emissa ries called on the premier and made united representations to the govern ment. GREAT BRITAIN STILL EXPECTS AID FROM BALKANS LONDON, Aug. 3.?The supreme confidence of the British government in spite of the Russian disasters of the past several months is believed to be due in a large measure to an "un derstanding" that exists with the Bal kan countries. The note of optimism as to the Balkan situation that occurr ed in the speech delivered to the Commons by Premier Asquith just be fore the adjournment of Parliament is believed to be based on moro sub stantial circumstances than he out lines in his remarks. It is believed that if the looked for offensive by Austria against Italy should meet with disaster and tho Al lies should prevent tho Germans from breaking their lines on the western front, both eventualities which arc ex pected in London, that the Balkan countrfies and Greece will enter tho war with tho Allies. GERMANY MAY LAUNCH DRIVE ^ AGAINST ALLIES OL .DON, Aug. 4.?That Germany to Iuunch a terrific drive at v, . Allies' lines along the west front as soon as the Teutons complete the work they are now doing at Warsaw is accepted as a foregone conclusion. According to Amsterdam dispatches, travelers to Holland from Ghent say that in the last three days all sick and wounded German soldiers in the hospitals in Ghent have been remov ed to the interior of Germany. This ' move is believed to presage new ac tivity on the front. Dispatches from the German head quarters near Dunkirk to Amsterdam say that the Germans have transform ed into a complete fortress the ruins at Lille and Doual, which will form the base of their lines of defence against any big offensive movement by the Allies. New field works have been constructed on the LaBasse Dual canal, at St Laurent, where the Germaus have concentrated consider able forces.