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ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE
JOHN W. TROY, . . Editor and Manager Published every evening except Sunday by the EMPIRE PRINTING COMPANY, at Second and Main Streets, Juneau, Alaska. Entered as second-class matter November 7, 1912. at the postofflce at Juneau, Alaska, under the Act of March 3. 1879. SUBSCRIPTION RATES Delivered by carrier In Juneau, Douglas, Treadwell and Thane for 31.00 per month. By mall, postage paid, at the following rates: One year, in advance, 310.00 Six months, in advance 5.00 j Three months. In advaae* 2.50 One month. In advance 1.00 ADVERTISING RATES ON APPLICATION Subscribers will confer a favor If they will prompt ly notify the Business Office of any failure or Irregu larity In the delivery of their papers. Authorized Local Agents Douglas and Treadwell, Miss Lena White: Thane, j Ed. Morgan; Perseverance, Hans Hollmer Telephone for Editorial and Business Offices, 374 CIRCULATION OVER 2,000 DAILY SWORN CIRCULATION STATEMENT FOR THE WEEK ENOING MARCH 3rd, 1917. The daily average circulation of THE ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE for the week ending March 3rd. 1917. was 2.209 copies. The circulation for each day of the week follows: Monday 2.246 Tuesday 2,250 Wednesday 2.260 Thursday 2.160 Friday 2.162 Saturday 2.175 Total 13,253 The foregoing is a true and correct statement of the daily circulation of THE ALASKA DAILY EM PIRE for the week ending March 3rd, 1917. XV. E. BURFORD, Circulation Manager. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 5th day of March, 1917. JNO. R. WINN, Notary Public. My commission expires Oct. 21, 1919. MR. SOWERBY'S ELECTION* The people of the First Division made no mistake i:i electing Isaac Sowerby Representative in the Legis lature to succeed the late John G. Heid. Indications now are that Mr. Sowerby's majority will considerably exceed 350. Several things are indicated by this election. The first is entirely complimentary to Mr. Sowerby. His plurality over one of the best, most deserving and strongest citizens of the Capital City and the First Division is a fine testimonial of his standing in the Division. The circumstance that earnest partisan appeals were made for Republican support for Mr. Reck, con cededly one of the most popular men the Republicans could have nomiuated. if. indeed, not the most popu lar. at a time when actual political strife is more tense tharr at any previous time in the history of the Territory, is significant. For weeks the people had teen watching the belated returns from an election that was about evenly balanced and which followed a very strenuous campaign. Then came the anxious weeks of consideration by the canvassing board and an appeal to the courts, with Wickersham organs en deavoring to arouse a public sentiment in hi3 behalf. To add to this situation came the Senate deadlock with the Wickcrshamites attempting to line up the Republicans in the Senate, with themselves in control of the party. In view of this situation and the admitted strength of Mr. Reck the political indication of the 40 per cent, majority received by .Mr.' Sowerby is that pub lic sentiment supports the present posltiou of the Democratic party in this Territory. While the vote yesterday was not large it must be understood that no organized effort was made to get voters to the polls, and only one office was to be filled. ' HOUSE ORGANIZATION* The House of Representatives has done well in its organization. Speaker Hess is one of the ablest ' men of the Territory. He is not only a lawyer of fine attainments, but he is a successful miner and business man. While the present is his first session in the Legislature, he is a man of wide experience and versatile talent. That he will make good as a presiding officer goes without saying. A. H. Ziegler. the newly elected Chief Clerk and Thomas K. Williams, the Sergeant-at-Arms. are excel lent selections. .Mr. Ziegler is one of Juneau's fine young lawyers and citizens, and Mr. Williams is one oi the trusted men at the Perseverace mine, and a pioneer in the Territory. Millard Murane is a former Xomeite, and son of former United States District Judge C. D. Murane. He. too. is a fine young man. VOTING BY BALLOT Those Senators and Representatives who contend that all voting in the Legislature should be by open ballot rather than secret ballot are right as to both j theory and practice. The members of the Legisla- a ture are serving in a representative capacity, and their 11 principals have a right to know how they are being represented. 0 The contention advanced by Senators Gaustad n and Sutherland that the secret ballot protects the 8 voter is all very well where a man is voting for him- ^ self and responsible only to his own judgment and j, conscience. When he is voting for constituents it is s quite a different matter. 0 WAR AND THE GOLD SUPPLY There are many congratulations just now being exchanged by optimistic Americans?which means all ri of us?upon our economic preparedness for war. State- tl merits indicating our rapid increase in wealth and ^ measuring its enormous total are being commented g upon as if they settled the matter. ir Preparedness for war. whether military, material or financial, is a matter of mobilization. It is not Cl enough to have things We must have them when and where we need them, to the very hour. And fi nancial preparation for war means the ability to lay bi our hands, at any moment, upon an adequate supply o! of gold. Gold is the foundation of all currencies today and of all systems of credit: the place of ultimate fi nancial strength is a place where you may always, if hi you wish, get geld In exchange for bills or other valid evidences of current indebtedness. England's financial leadership of the world Is simply a phrase expressing the fact that at any time, for many years past, It has been possible for a man with a good bill of cxchango to get gold for It In the London markets. The strength of any currency sys tem is measured by Its underpinning of gold?by the ability of the government to conserve the gold reserve. This country has today more gold than any coun try ever had before; it has over $3,000,000,000 worth. But it is not the gold that happens to have at n time of "easy money" like the present, but the gold it Is assured of its ability to keep, and to use where needed in times of stress, that makes a nation strong financially. Of our $3,000,000,000 In gold, one-half? $1,500,000,000?ought to be under the control of the Federal Reserve system in order to furnish an adequate foundation for the credit structure of the country. The amount actually under such control is less than half that and of that sum more than a third is subject to withdrawal by depositing banks. There is today about $3,200,000,000 worth of gold in the Treasury of the United States. This sounds reassuring, but is actually misleading, for more than $2,000,000,000 of it is held against gold certificates. That gold is not under the control of the government at all: it does not belong to the government; the Treasury is a mere warehouse for it: the real control , of it is in the hands of the holders of those yellow I certificates; they could present the mat the Treasury ' within the next 30 days, if so minded, withdraw the gold and ship it abroad, and the government would be helpless to prevent. With the greatest gold supply recorueu in msiutj i and with a banking system which is one of the tri umphs of modern finance, the nation needs one thing more, it needs an adequate gold reserve against fu ture necessary expansions of credit such as can only be obtaiued through the intelligent action of public opinion. Paul M. Warburg of the Federal Reserve Roard, our highest American authority on foreign banking, has had his mind fixed upon this chief neeu of our financial system since his connection with it began, and has labored in season and out of season to awaken his fellow citizens to its cruclcal import ance. It is time we responded. England's intelligent guardianship of the central gold reservoir of Europe has made England the fi nancial center of the world. Wc fondly imagine that , that center is shifting to our shores. To make this dream come true we must take up the same respon sibility. .Mere wealth will never confer financial leadership: only intelligent and faithful trusteeship of the gold supply of mankind can do that. And only in adequate gold foundation can hold our commercial structure stable if subjected to the shock of war. B. M. Stone, the well known newspaper publisher [ who sold his interest in the Seward Gateway the first of last month, has purchased the Forty-Ninth Star of Anchorage, formerly owned by John Heckey and John W. Frame. It is said that Mr. Stone expects to make the Star a daily newspaper at an early date. 1 There should be room at the railroad town for two daily newspapers?she has one now. The Times. In extending congratulations to Mr. Stone, The Empire wishes him all manner of good luck in his venture. Chief-Justice Harry Steel, of the Cordova Times, ; continues to render long distance decisions 011 the , contest over the Delegateship. His opinions on the ] evidence and the law arc given with circumstantial detail, and the judgments refuse to allow exceptions or appeal. 1 The enthusiasm of the congratulations extended to Mr. Sowerby is all the more because he defeated ; one of the best and strongest men in Juneau. I LET'S HAVE A REAL ONE! (Chicago Herald) l The Federal Trade Commission is about to start an investigation of the rise in food prices. It will ask the President to approve an appropriation of $400,000 for that purpose. It prooses to cover every side of the food situation. Good! I.et us know at last that we are going to have a real investigation. The country ha * confi dence in the Federal Trade Commission. Now let's have the facts. Let's go to the bottom?to the funda- , mentals?and really learn all that can be learned about the subject. The problem is legal and economic. The question uf whether there are combinations in restraint o? tiade must be decided. That has heretofore attracted the i main attention. Now it's time to go more into the i sconomic part?and go Into it thoroughly. Are the k people being compelled to pay too much for what they Puy? Nobody can answer that until he can say with j reasonable approximation what it costs to produce . :hose things. In some fields the trade commission will find R plenty of data. The packers, for instance, can tell ? x exactly what it costs them to turn out their pro lucts Government attention has encouraged accurate s :ost accounting in their case. But these fields are j, imlted. Ill the b ggcst fields of ail the work will c lave to be done from the ground up. There isn't a , armer in Illinois who knows what it costs him to put lis product on the market today. There isn't one nanufacturer in ten who has an accurate idea of what u t costs him to run his business. r< Let the trade commission start literally "from the b rround up." Let it start with the farmer and find vhat production of everything, from eggs to wheat n iltd cattle, means in terms of money and labor ex lenditure. He doesn't know, and nobody else knows. Then let it follow the product to consumption. Many w leople assume high prices don't start until they reach A ome large organization. From the economic stand- a ioi.it thev arc just as liable to start at the beginning ai s anywhere else. Prices cannot be permanently be- ai aw the tost of production under any 'circumstances. The country is in the mood for an Investigation |c hat will be long and deep and thorough. It is tired . f these continued flurries about high prices that get \ othing except possibly a politician Into Congress or pi ome other job or into the newspapers. It has had its 111 of half-baked remedies that spring from attention hi a only one half of the great problem. Let's have an tl ivestigation that will enable the country to see it ci teadily and see it whole. It would be cheap at $400, 00 or $4,000,000. # w "BIG POTATO COUNTY" h< (Seward Gateway) be With the Land and Industrial department of the sp lilroad working in the interest of big potatoes and h( le farmers of the Matanuska valley section around aimer, counting on putting in as large a crop as pos- lo Ible It Is apparent that one section of Alaska will ain fame a? the home of the delicious tuber which lade Ireland famous. Kl In due course of time when this Territory be- ra sraes a State, it might not be amiss to name that ye jction "Big Potato County." ce w] President Wilson can well afford to lose the No el peace prize if he gains lustead the united support w| his own American people. ?(New York Sun.) or If the Democratic donkey is to be transformed into tu le camel by Brother Bryan It will have to get a amp on.?(Milwaukee News.) ry Fuller Bunk Says: My OPINION 13 THAT THE] J)efondant 5uJ"P^S / FROM instantaneous/ loco 1 (tflmbo-syldn of the cerebrum.'j j'.'DCINw Sy thf kind of evidence thoj give In eotirt. nn alienist Is u fcilow who think* the jury Is crazy. t BITS OF BY-PLAY j By Luke McLuke Copyright by Cincinnati En qujrcr. _ > My. My! ThcVc arc not many In some towns. Dut you can always C. A. Coon In Urbana, Ohio. Aw, Gwan! No. dear reader. Pink White is not a girl, lie hauls coal in Au rora, Missouri. Yes. But Whaddy Ya Mean? Sign in Angola, Ind.: "Anchor in Angola! "The. Angola Monument Company." Isn't That Nice! We thought that the olives cainc from California, but you can find Olive Treese in Paulding, Ohio. ?? Haw, Haw! A modest high-school girl, while copying a passage from Sir Walter Scott, came to the line: "The horses stepped into the stream up to their bellies." And this is how her teacher found the line written when the copy was turned in: "The horses stepped into the stream up to their waists." Oh! Some girls are careful with their money. Rut what we started to say was that Miss Spcnta Fortune lives it Hopewell, Yn..'and is a member af the Cotillion Club of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute. Why Site Changed Doctors. "What seems to be the trouble?" iskcd the Doctor, as he sat down Reside Mrs. Nagg. "I have a tired feeling,", replied Mrs. Nagg. "Tired feeling, eh?" said the Doc tor. "Let me see your tongue." Things To Worry About. A bee's wings beat the air 300 .imes a second. Names Is Names. Olive Ina Towne lives in Taeoma, tVash. Our Daily Special. Hard Work and Good Luck Al vays Travel Together. Luke McLuke Says Men may be smarter than women n some ways. Rut a woman can tuck more into a suit case than a ! nan can get into a truck. < The lad that does the most bowi ng about the trusts is the same 1 ellow who would break a leg to ' :et a chance to organize one of his < wn. In every town there is a vacant I tore that some one is always open ng up as a restaurant and then ( losing up again after a month of s allure. c Another reason why a man can t J nderstand a woman is because she c pads the bargain advertisements f cfore she reads the war news. t She figures that after they are * larried they will be able to live c n his salary because lie will do I ithout a lot of things he needs, nd he figures the same thing a bout tier. Then they get married ? ad both refuse to deny themselves, o ad the trouble begins. v What has become of the old-faslv- a >ned motherly woman who never 'I uttoncd anything that she could 8 In? When a man imagines that he a is pretty hair, other men imagine n lat he hasn't the price of a hair- K it. d The world is filled with men n ho are willing to do the grunting tl hile you do the lifting. el A man never remembers all that i learned at school. If ho reincm- ~ >rs fractions he forgets how to - oil. and if he is a good speller ; is poor at figures. We have always notices that the '3 udest advocate of government 's vnership of railroads and tele- ni aphs is the man who buys a m ilroad ticket about once in 20 R< ars and who has sent and re- P' ived about two messages in his tr hole career. ln When a man tells you that he 111 take tlie matter under consld ation that is his polite way of rc sing you. The farm hand who has to cur five horses at 5 a. m. when the M temperature is about 6 degrees be low isn't going to get very enthus iastic over Winter Sports. A man is in the same fix as a fish. If he keeps his mouth shut he is not so apt to get caught. Once in a while you will meet a man who acts as if the Lord made a big mistake when lie creatcd\the world without consulting him. What lias become of the old-fash ioned woman who used to bake! Johnny Cake every day? Did yom ever hear of an escape that wasn't a narrow one? One hour of bad luck makes a' man forget all about the six months of good luck lie had. QUAKER QUIPS. (Philadelphia Record.) Why throw bouquets at the dead? Pick out a live one once in a while. A man can borrow about every thing in the world except exper ience. Love will find a way, but it takes something more substantial to pay the way. It requires an clastic conscience for a man to stretch the truth without breaking his word. Simply to prove that she isn't absolutely hearties, a girl may wear her heart 011 her sleeve. It's one tiling to set the world on (ire but quite another matter to have your plans go up in smoke. CONSTRUCTION OF NAVY WORK IS SPEEDED BP Secretary Daniels Gives Hurry-up Orders to Rush Work on All Battleships. FORCES ARE DOUBLED Many Plants Promise to Go Ahead with Orders to Break Previous Records. WASHINGTON March t!?Construc tion of navy craft by the Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Com pany, the Fore River Shipbuilding Company and the Electric Boat Com pany will be speeded up to the limit of the plants. Work on two battle ships at Newport News already Is j proceeding under doubled crews at Secretary Daniels' suggestion and the1 offers of the other two companies o make similar steps met with the Secretary's hearty approval. At the Newport News plant It 1? estimated that the battleship M Is- j dssippi, recently launched, can be' :ompleted by midsummer instead of fanuary 1, 1018, as called for in the,' contract. The keel of one of the! ( our new battleships recently con-1 racted for will be laid on the slip! acated bv the Mississippi instead, if a merchant vessel, as had been j ( mended. Representatives of the Fore River - nd Electric Boat Companies called . n Mr. Daniels, offering to rush work n destroyers and submarines for .hich they have contracts, setting side other private work to that end. 'hey were told to go ahead at full peed. Warlike preparations now virtually re completed at the navy depart tent pending the enactment by Con ress of the proposed legislation un er which the President may com landeer private plants, and, after lat the President's decision to ex rcise his authority Offers of plants of all kinds and of tlio personal services of the own ers and executives continue. To the war department many of the larger units of the clothing industry have offered their services. Plants that have sought government work or made a military uniform have been placed at the disposal of the depart mcnt. VICTIMS OFSUB ATTACK PERISH IN COLO AT SEA British Official State ment Tells of Total Destruction of the Steamer Artist. RESCUE PART OF CREW Several Die From Being Exposed to Bitter Weather; Buried ? at Sea. LONDON*, .March G. ? The IJrltisl steamer Artist, .1,570 tons gross, wa torpedoed on Saturday, Jan. 27th Sixteen men were picked up threi days later in an open boat far from land and in weather of such sever ity that seven of the original twenty three in the boat had died of wounds and exposure. A Dritisli official statement, do scribing the loss of the Artist, says: "The plcdgo given by Germany tc the United States not to sink mer chant ships without insuring the safety of passengers and crews liar been broken before, but never in circumstances of more cold blooded brutality. The Uritish steamer Artist, when forty-eight miles from land in r heavy southeasterly gale was torped oed by a German submarine last Sat urday. "In response to her appeal by wire less, 'S. O. S.' 'Sinking quickly,' a patrol craft proceeded to the spot and searched the vicinity, but found no trace of the vessel or her sur vivors. Three days later the steam er Luchana picked up a boat con taining sixteen survivors. The boat had originally contained twenty-three but seven had tiled of wounds and exposure and wero buried at sea. The surviving sixteen were landed and of those five were suffering from severe frost bites and one from a broken arm. "The crow were forced to abandon their ship in open boats in a midwin ter gale, utterly without means of reaching land or snccor. Those of them who perished during the three days of hitter exposure were mur dered and to pretend that anything was done to insure their safety would be hypocrisy." Charles .Meldner, the professional cleaner and dyer, is back on the < job with facilities to handle anything in the cleaning and dye business. ~all up 177 Capital Dye Works. Special?Fresh Alaska eggs 55c a iozen at Goldstein's Emporium, mO. - - ! | PROFESSIONAL f I ? Dr. L. 0. Sloane Office Phone?18 House Phone?297 ii ii Dr. P. J. Mahone 412 Goldstein Eldg. Office Phone 822 Home Phone 823 JUNEAU - - ? ALASKA a Harry C. DcVighne, M.D. Rooms 2, 3. 4, Moloney Bldg. Offlco 2303?PHONES?Res. 2303 JUNEAU . . ? ALASKA j Dr. Leonard P. Dawes SURCEON AND PHYSICIAN Office 1st N'nt'l Bnnk lildjr. Hours 10 to 12 m; 1 to 4; and 7 to 9 p. m. Office 2602?PHONES?Res. 2603 William Pallister, M.D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON V I Specialist In the treatment of I diseases and deformities of the eye and car, nosu and throat. I Classes Itttcd. Ofllcc Juneau Gen j eral Hospital. Phone 500 I Dr. R. Edward Smith j Practice Limited to General Surgery, Oflicc and Hospital Cases. Office Hours 3 to 5 and 7 to 8 p. m. Phone 62 1 and 13 MALONEY J3LK. D. J. Hickey PHARMACIST Doran's Prescription Pharmacy | Phone 3 113 Second Ave. ;[ U Dr. H. Vance Rooms 5 and 6, Moloney Bldg. Seward Street Osteopathic Physician Olllco lira. 9-12. 1-5- 7-9 Office 295?PHONES?Res. 1404 .1 * Phone 176 White & Jenne Dentists Valentine Bldg., Juneau Dr. E. H. Kaser Dentist 1 and 3 Goldstein Bldg PHONE 00 Hours 9 a. m. to 9 p. m. Reynolds & Harroun LAWYERS Hoge Building SEATTLE - - - WASH. a A. Howard Peterson * Architect Room 1, Valentine Building PHONE 447 Miss Albrecht Osteopath Swedish Massage. Medical Gym- , nasties. Expert treatment given j In all cases requiring massage, I diet and mechanical therapeutics. I Rooms 410, Goldstein Building PHONE 282 I * > M. S. Sutton I Architect 113 Decker Building Phone 111, Juneau, Alaska I !. Kazis Krauczunas Lawyer Juneau Office?Hotel Zynda | Office 403 Lyons Bldg., Seattle ;? 53 H. F. Erwin Land Attorney Goldstein Bldg., Juneau, Alaska Practice before the U. S. Land I Ofllce and Department of tho In I tcrlor in land and mineral mat ters exclusively. i L Free Delivery Phone 386 I HEIDELBERG I Licfuor Go. Free Concert Every Evening I 7 Till 12 RAINIER BEER on Draught and Bottled j Mail Orders a Specialty TWO IX OXE ? The EMPIRE'S ay for everybody. The EMPIRE'S ids" keeps the housewife informed ' all sales and the news columns e right up to the minute on the iy's news. THE EMPIRE'S classifieds pay. o THE FIRE IN THE GRATE famous in song and story. There a homelike comfort in one that 3 other method can give. Rut you ust have the right kind of coal to ?t the right fire. Have us sup v it and you'll never have any ouble in starting the fire or keep g it going. FemmerSRitter Phone 114 Juneau Junk Co. Dealers In All Kinds of Junk a Brass, Copper, Rubber, Manila Rope, Sacks, all kinds of Machin ery, Bottles, Rags, Paper and I Clothing. Near City Dock. Phone 434 t *\ I THE OLDEST BANK IN ALASKA ( ?-B.M.BEHRfNDSBANK Established 1891 Incorporated 1914 TOTAL RESOURCES Feb. 15, 1913 $ W7.977JS Fob. 15, 1911 917,319.49 Feb. 15, 1915 940,603.96 Feb. 15, 1916 1,260,163.14 Feb. 15, 1917 1,620,844.08 ?