ALASKA DAILY EMPIRE
JOHN W. TROY, . . Editor and Manager
Published every evening except Sunday by the
EMPIRE PRINTING COMPANY, at Second and Main
Streets, Juneau, Alaska.
Entered as second-class matter November 7, 1912.
at the postofflce at Juneau, Alaska, under the Act of
March 3. 1879.
Delivered by carrier In Juneau, Douglas, Treadwell and
Thane for 31.00 per month.
By mall, postage paid, at the following rates:
One year, in advance, 310.00
Six months, in advance 5.00 j
Three months. In advaae* 2.50
One month. In advance 1.00
ADVERTISING RATES ON APPLICATION
Subscribers will confer a favor If they will prompt
ly notify the Business Office of any failure or Irregu
larity In the delivery of their papers.
Authorized Local Agents
Douglas and Treadwell, Miss Lena White: Thane, j
Ed. Morgan; Perseverance, Hans Hollmer
Telephone for Editorial and Business Offices, 374
CIRCULATION OVER 2,000 DAILY
SWORN CIRCULATION STATEMENT FOR THE
WEEK ENOING MARCH 3rd, 1917.
The daily average circulation of THE ALASKA
DAILY EMPIRE for the week ending March 3rd. 1917.
was 2.209 copies.
The circulation for each day of the week follows:
The foregoing is a true and correct statement of
the daily circulation of THE ALASKA DAILY EM
PIRE for the week ending March 3rd, 1917.
XV. E. BURFORD, Circulation Manager.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 5th day
of March, 1917.
JNO. R. WINN, Notary Public.
My commission expires Oct. 21, 1919.
MR. SOWERBY'S ELECTION*
The people of the First Division made no mistake
i:i electing Isaac Sowerby Representative in the Legis
lature to succeed the late John G. Heid. Indications
now are that Mr. Sowerby's majority will considerably
Several things are indicated by this election. The
first is entirely complimentary to Mr. Sowerby. His
plurality over one of the best, most deserving and
strongest citizens of the Capital City and the First
Division is a fine testimonial of his standing in the
The circumstance that earnest partisan appeals
were made for Republican support for Mr. Reck, con
cededly one of the most popular men the Republicans
could have nomiuated. if. indeed, not the most popu
lar. at a time when actual political strife is more
tense tharr at any previous time in the history of the
Territory, is significant. For weeks the people had
teen watching the belated returns from an election
that was about evenly balanced and which followed
a very strenuous campaign. Then came the anxious
weeks of consideration by the canvassing board and
an appeal to the courts, with Wickersham organs en
deavoring to arouse a public sentiment in hi3 behalf.
To add to this situation came the Senate deadlock
with the Wickcrshamites attempting to line up the
Republicans in the Senate, with themselves in control
of the party.
In view of this situation and the admitted strength
of Mr. Reck the political indication of the 40 per
cent, majority received by .Mr.' Sowerby is that pub
lic sentiment supports the present posltiou of the
Democratic party in this Territory.
While the vote yesterday was not large it must
be understood that no organized effort was made to
get voters to the polls, and only one office was to be
The House of Representatives has done well in
its organization. Speaker Hess is one of the ablest '
men of the Territory. He is not only a lawyer of
fine attainments, but he is a successful miner and
business man. While the present is his first session
in the Legislature, he is a man of wide experience
and versatile talent. That he will make good as a
presiding officer goes without saying.
A. H. Ziegler. the newly elected Chief Clerk and
Thomas K. Williams, the Sergeant-at-Arms. are excel
lent selections. .Mr. Ziegler is one of Juneau's fine
young lawyers and citizens, and Mr. Williams is one
oi the trusted men at the Perseverace mine, and a
pioneer in the Territory.
Millard Murane is a former Xomeite, and son of
former United States District Judge C. D. Murane.
He. too. is a fine young man.
VOTING BY BALLOT
Those Senators and Representatives who contend
that all voting in the Legislature should be by open
ballot rather than secret ballot are right as to both j
theory and practice. The members of the Legisla- a
ture are serving in a representative capacity, and their 11
principals have a right to know how they are being
The contention advanced by Senators Gaustad n
and Sutherland that the secret ballot protects the 8
voter is all very well where a man is voting for him- ^
self and responsible only to his own judgment and j,
conscience. When he is voting for constituents it is s
quite a different matter. 0
WAR AND THE GOLD SUPPLY
There are many congratulations just now being
exchanged by optimistic Americans?which means all ri
of us?upon our economic preparedness for war. State- tl
merits indicating our rapid increase in wealth and ^
measuring its enormous total are being commented g
upon as if they settled the matter. ir
Preparedness for war. whether military, material
or financial, is a matter of mobilization. It is not Cl
enough to have things We must have them when
and where we need them, to the very hour. And fi
nancial preparation for war means the ability to lay bi
our hands, at any moment, upon an adequate supply o!
of gold. Gold is the foundation of all currencies today
and of all systems of credit: the place of ultimate fi
nancial strength is a place where you may always, if hi
you wish, get geld In exchange for bills or other valid
evidences of current indebtedness.
England's financial leadership of the world Is
simply a phrase expressing the fact that at any time,
for many years past, It has been possible for a man
with a good bill of cxchango to get gold for It In the
London markets. The strength of any currency sys
tem is measured by Its underpinning of gold?by the
ability of the government to conserve the gold reserve.
This country has today more gold than any coun
try ever had before; it has over $3,000,000,000 worth.
But it is not the gold that happens to have at n
time of "easy money" like the present, but the gold
it Is assured of its ability to keep, and to use where
needed in times of stress, that makes a nation strong
financially. Of our $3,000,000,000 In gold, one-half?
$1,500,000,000?ought to be under the control of the
Federal Reserve system in order to furnish an adequate
foundation for the credit structure of the country. The
amount actually under such control is less than half
that and of that sum more than a third is subject to
withdrawal by depositing banks.
There is today about $3,200,000,000 worth of gold
in the Treasury of the United States. This sounds
reassuring, but is actually misleading, for more than
$2,000,000,000 of it is held against gold certificates.
That gold is not under the control of the government
at all: it does not belong to the government; the
Treasury is a mere warehouse for it: the real control ,
of it is in the hands of the holders of those yellow I
certificates; they could present the mat the Treasury '
within the next 30 days, if so minded, withdraw the
gold and ship it abroad, and the government would
be helpless to prevent.
With the greatest gold supply recorueu in msiutj i
and with a banking system which is one of the tri
umphs of modern finance, the nation needs one thing
more, it needs an adequate gold reserve against fu
ture necessary expansions of credit such as can only
be obtaiued through the intelligent action of public
opinion. Paul M. Warburg of the Federal Reserve
Roard, our highest American authority on foreign
banking, has had his mind fixed upon this chief neeu
of our financial system since his connection with it
began, and has labored in season and out of season
to awaken his fellow citizens to its cruclcal import
ance. It is time we responded.
England's intelligent guardianship of the central
gold reservoir of Europe has made England the fi
nancial center of the world. Wc fondly imagine that ,
that center is shifting to our shores. To make this
dream come true we must take up the same respon
sibility. .Mere wealth will never confer financial
leadership: only intelligent and faithful trusteeship
of the gold supply of mankind can do that. And only
in adequate gold foundation can hold our commercial
structure stable if subjected to the shock of war.
B. M. Stone, the well known newspaper publisher [
who sold his interest in the Seward Gateway the first
of last month, has purchased the Forty-Ninth Star
of Anchorage, formerly owned by John Heckey and
John W. Frame. It is said that Mr. Stone expects to
make the Star a daily newspaper at an early date. 1
There should be room at the railroad town for two
daily newspapers?she has one now. The Times. In
extending congratulations to Mr. Stone, The Empire
wishes him all manner of good luck in his venture.
Chief-Justice Harry Steel, of the Cordova Times, ;
continues to render long distance decisions 011 the ,
contest over the Delegateship. His opinions on the ]
evidence and the law arc given with circumstantial
detail, and the judgments refuse to allow exceptions
The enthusiasm of the congratulations extended
to Mr. Sowerby is all the more because he defeated ;
one of the best and strongest men in Juneau.
LET'S HAVE A REAL ONE!
(Chicago Herald) l
The Federal Trade Commission is about to start
an investigation of the rise in food prices. It will ask
the President to approve an appropriation of $400,000
for that purpose. It prooses to cover every side of
the food situation.
Good! I.et us know at last that we are going to
have a real investigation. The country ha * confi
dence in the Federal Trade Commission. Now let's
have the facts. Let's go to the bottom?to the funda- ,
mentals?and really learn all that can be learned about
The problem is legal and economic. The question
uf whether there are combinations in restraint o? tiade
must be decided. That has heretofore attracted the i
main attention. Now it's time to go more into the i
sconomic part?and go Into it thoroughly. Are the k
people being compelled to pay too much for what they
Puy? Nobody can answer that until he can say with j
reasonable approximation what it costs to produce .
In some fields the trade commission will find R
plenty of data. The packers, for instance, can tell ?
x exactly what it costs them to turn out their pro
lucts Government attention has encouraged accurate s
:ost accounting in their case. But these fields are j,
imlted. Ill the b ggcst fields of ail the work will c
lave to be done from the ground up. There isn't a ,
armer in Illinois who knows what it costs him to put
lis product on the market today. There isn't one
nanufacturer in ten who has an accurate idea of what u
t costs him to run his business. r<
Let the trade commission start literally "from the b
rround up." Let it start with the farmer and find
vhat production of everything, from eggs to wheat n
iltd cattle, means in terms of money and labor ex
lenditure. He doesn't know, and nobody else knows.
Then let it follow the product to consumption. Many w
leople assume high prices don't start until they reach A
ome large organization. From the economic stand- a
ioi.it thev arc just as liable to start at the beginning ai
s anywhere else. Prices cannot be permanently be- ai
aw the tost of production under any 'circumstances.
The country is in the mood for an Investigation |c
hat will be long and deep and thorough. It is tired .
f these continued flurries about high prices that get \
othing except possibly a politician Into Congress or pi
ome other job or into the newspapers. It has had its
111 of half-baked remedies that spring from attention hi
a only one half of the great problem. Let's have an tl
ivestigation that will enable the country to see it ci
teadily and see it whole. It would be cheap at $400,
00 or $4,000,000.
"BIG POTATO COUNTY"
(Seward Gateway) be
With the Land and Industrial department of the sp
lilroad working in the interest of big potatoes and h(
le farmers of the Matanuska valley section around
aimer, counting on putting in as large a crop as pos- lo
Ible It Is apparent that one section of Alaska will
ain fame a? the home of the delicious tuber which
lade Ireland famous. Kl
In due course of time when this Territory be- ra
sraes a State, it might not be amiss to name that ye
jction "Big Potato County." ce
President Wilson can well afford to lose the No
el peace prize if he gains lustead the united support w|
his own American people. ?(New York Sun.) or
If the Democratic donkey is to be transformed into tu
le camel by Brother Bryan It will have to get a
amp on.?(Milwaukee News.) ry
Fuller Bunk Says:
My OPINION 13 THAT THE]
J)efondant 5uJ"P^S /
j'.'DCINw Sy thf kind of evidence thoj
give In eotirt. nn alienist Is u fcilow
who think* the jury Is crazy.
BITS OF BY-PLAY j
By Luke McLuke
Copyright by Cincinnati En
ThcVc arc not many In some
towns. Dut you can always C. A.
Coon In Urbana, Ohio.
No. dear reader. Pink White is
not a girl, lie hauls coal in Au
Yes. But Whaddy Ya Mean?
Sign in Angola, Ind.:
"Anchor in Angola!
"The. Angola Monument Company."
Isn't That Nice!
We thought that the olives cainc
from California, but you can find
Olive Treese in Paulding, Ohio.
A modest high-school girl, while
copying a passage from Sir Walter
Scott, came to the line: "The
horses stepped into the stream up
to their bellies." And this is how
her teacher found the line written
when the copy was turned in:
"The horses stepped into the stream
up to their waists."
Some girls are careful with their
money. Rut what we started to say
was that Miss Spcnta Fortune lives
it Hopewell, Yn..'and is a member
af the Cotillion Club of the Virginia
Why Site Changed Doctors.
"What seems to be the trouble?"
iskcd the Doctor, as he sat down
Reside Mrs. Nagg.
"I have a tired feeling,", replied
"Tired feeling, eh?" said the Doc
tor. "Let me see your tongue."
Things To Worry About.
A bee's wings beat the air 300
.imes a second.
Names Is Names.
Olive Ina Towne lives in Taeoma,
Our Daily Special.
Hard Work and Good Luck Al
vays Travel Together.
Luke McLuke Says
Men may be smarter than women
n some ways. Rut a woman can
tuck more into a suit case than a !
nan can get into a truck. <
The lad that does the most bowi
ng about the trusts is the same 1
ellow who would break a leg to '
:et a chance to organize one of his <
In every town there is a vacant I
tore that some one is always open
ng up as a restaurant and then (
losing up again after a month of s
Another reason why a man can t J
nderstand a woman is because she c
pads the bargain advertisements f
cfore she reads the war news. t
She figures that after they are *
larried they will be able to live c
n his salary because lie will do I
ithout a lot of things he needs,
nd he figures the same thing a
bout tier. Then they get married ?
ad both refuse to deny themselves, o
ad the trouble begins. v
What has become of the old-faslv- a
>ned motherly woman who never 'I
uttoncd anything that she could 8
When a man imagines that he a
is pretty hair, other men imagine n
lat he hasn't the price of a hair- K
The world is filled with men n
ho are willing to do the grunting tl
hile you do the lifting. el
A man never remembers all that
i learned at school. If ho reincm- ~
>rs fractions he forgets how to -
oil. and if he is a good speller
; is poor at figures.
We have always notices that the '3
udest advocate of government 's
vnership of railroads and tele- ni
aphs is the man who buys a m
ilroad ticket about once in 20 R<
ars and who has sent and re- P'
ived about two messages in his tr
hole career. ln
When a man tells you that he
111 take tlie matter under consld
ation that is his polite way of rc
The farm hand who has to cur
five horses at 5 a. m. when the M
temperature is about 6 degrees be
low isn't going to get very enthus
iastic over Winter Sports.
A man is in the same fix as a
fish. If he keeps his mouth shut he
is not so apt to get caught.
Once in a while you will meet a
man who acts as if the Lord made
a big mistake when lie creatcd\the
world without consulting him.
What lias become of the old-fash
ioned woman who used to bake!
Johnny Cake every day?
Did yom ever hear of an escape
that wasn't a narrow one?
One hour of bad luck makes a'
man forget all about the six months
of good luck lie had.
Why throw bouquets at the dead?
Pick out a live one once in a while.
A man can borrow about every
thing in the world except exper
Love will find a way, but it takes
something more substantial to pay
It requires an clastic conscience
for a man to stretch the truth
without breaking his word.
Simply to prove that she isn't
absolutely hearties, a girl may wear
her heart 011 her sleeve.
It's one tiling to set the world on
(ire but quite another matter to
have your plans go up in smoke.
OF NAVY WORK
IS SPEEDED BP
Secretary Daniels Gives
Hurry-up Orders to
Rush Work on All
FORCES ARE DOUBLED
Many Plants Promise to
Go Ahead with Orders
to Break Previous
WASHINGTON March t!?Construc
tion of navy craft by the Newport
News Shipbuilding & Drydock Com
pany, the Fore River Shipbuilding
Company and the Electric Boat Com
pany will be speeded up to the limit
of the plants. Work on two battle
ships at Newport News already Is j
proceeding under doubled crews at
Secretary Daniels' suggestion and the1
offers of the other two companies
o make similar steps met with the
Secretary's hearty approval.
At the Newport News plant It 1?
estimated that the battleship M Is- j
dssippi, recently launched, can be'
:ompleted by midsummer instead of
fanuary 1, 1018, as called for in the,'
contract. The keel of one of the! (
our new battleships recently con-1
racted for will be laid on the slip!
acated bv the Mississippi instead,
if a merchant vessel, as had been j (
Representatives of the Fore River -
nd Electric Boat Companies called .
n Mr. Daniels, offering to rush work
n destroyers and submarines for
.hich they have contracts, setting
side other private work to that end.
'hey were told to go ahead at full
Warlike preparations now virtually
re completed at the navy depart
tent pending the enactment by Con
ress of the proposed legislation un
er which the President may com
landeer private plants, and, after
lat the President's decision to ex
rcise his authority
Offers of plants of all kinds and
of tlio personal services of the own
ers and executives continue. To the
war department many of the larger
units of the clothing industry have
offered their services. Plants that
have sought government work or
made a military uniform have been
placed at the disposal of the depart
IN COLO AT SEA
British Official State
ment Tells of Total
Destruction of the
RESCUE PART OF CREW
Several Die From Being
Exposed to Bitter
Weather; Buried ?
LONDON*, .March G. ? The IJrltisl
steamer Artist, .1,570 tons gross, wa
torpedoed on Saturday, Jan. 27th
Sixteen men were picked up threi
days later in an open boat far from
land and in weather of such sever
ity that seven of the original twenty
three in the boat had died of wounds
A Dritisli official statement, do
scribing the loss of the Artist, says:
"The plcdgo given by Germany tc
the United States not to sink mer
chant ships without insuring the
safety of passengers and crews liar
been broken before, but never in
circumstances of more cold blooded
The Uritish steamer Artist, when
forty-eight miles from land in r
heavy southeasterly gale was torped
oed by a German submarine last Sat
"In response to her appeal by wire
less, 'S. O. S.' 'Sinking quickly,' a
patrol craft proceeded to the spot
and searched the vicinity, but found
no trace of the vessel or her sur
vivors. Three days later the steam
er Luchana picked up a boat con
taining sixteen survivors. The boat
had originally contained twenty-three
but seven had tiled of wounds and
exposure and wero buried at sea.
The surviving sixteen were landed
and of those five were suffering from
severe frost bites and one from a
"The crow were forced to abandon
their ship in open boats in a midwin
ter gale, utterly without means of
reaching land or snccor. Those of
them who perished during the three
days of hitter exposure were mur
dered and to pretend that anything
was done to insure their safety
would be hypocrisy."
Charles .Meldner, the professional
cleaner and dyer, is back on the <
job with facilities to handle anything
in the cleaning and dye business.
~all up 177 Capital Dye Works.
Special?Fresh Alaska eggs 55c a
iozen at Goldstein's Emporium, mO.
- - !
| PROFESSIONAL f
Dr. L. 0. Sloane
Dr. P. J. Mahone
412 Goldstein Eldg.
Office Phone 822
Home Phone 823
JUNEAU - - ? ALASKA
Harry C. DcVighne, M.D.
Rooms 2, 3. 4, Moloney Bldg.
Offlco 2303?PHONES?Res. 2303
JUNEAU . . ? ALASKA
Dr. Leonard P. Dawes
SURCEON AND PHYSICIAN
Office 1st N'nt'l Bnnk lildjr.
Hours 10 to 12 m; 1 to 4;
and 7 to 9 p. m.
Office 2602?PHONES?Res. 2603
William Pallister, M.D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON V
I Specialist In the treatment of
I diseases and deformities of the
eye and car, nosu and throat.
I Classes Itttcd. Ofllcc Juneau Gen
j eral Hospital.
I Dr. R. Edward Smith j
Practice Limited to General
Surgery, Oflicc and Hospital
Office Hours 3 to 5 and
7 to 8 p. m. Phone 62
1 and 13 MALONEY J3LK.
D. J. Hickey
Doran's Prescription Pharmacy
| Phone 3 113 Second Ave.
Dr. H. Vance
Rooms 5 and 6, Moloney Bldg.
Olllco lira. 9-12. 1-5- 7-9
Office 295?PHONES?Res. 1404
White & Jenne
Valentine Bldg., Juneau
Dr. E. H. Kaser
1 and 3 Goldstein Bldg
Hours 9 a. m. to 9 p. m.
Reynolds & Harroun
SEATTLE - - - WASH.
A. Howard Peterson
Room 1, Valentine Building
Swedish Massage. Medical Gym- ,
nasties. Expert treatment given j
In all cases requiring massage, I
diet and mechanical therapeutics. I
Rooms 410, Goldstein Building
PHONE 282 I
M. S. Sutton
113 Decker Building
Phone 111, Juneau, Alaska
Juneau Office?Hotel Zynda |
Office 403 Lyons Bldg., Seattle
H. F. Erwin
Goldstein Bldg., Juneau, Alaska
Practice before the U. S. Land
I Ofllce and Department of tho In
I tcrlor in land and mineral mat
Free Delivery Phone 386 I
Free Concert Every Evening I
7 Till 12
on Draught and Bottled j
Mail Orders a Specialty
TWO IX OXE ? The EMPIRE'S
ay for everybody. The EMPIRE'S
ids" keeps the housewife informed
' all sales and the news columns
e right up to the minute on the
THE EMPIRE'S classifieds pay.
THE FIRE IN THE GRATE
famous in song and story. There
a homelike comfort in one that
3 other method can give. Rut you
ust have the right kind of coal to
?t the right fire. Have us sup
v it and you'll never have any
ouble in starting the fire or keep
g it going.
Juneau Junk Co.
All Kinds of Junk a
Brass, Copper, Rubber, Manila
Rope, Sacks, all kinds of Machin
ery, Bottles, Rags, Paper and I
Near City Dock. Phone 434
t *\ I
THE OLDEST BANK IN ALASKA (
Established 1891 Incorporated 1914
Feb. 15, 1913 $ W7.977JS
Fob. 15, 1911 917,319.49
Feb. 15, 1915 940,603.96
Feb. 15, 1916 1,260,163.14
Feb. 15, 1917 1,620,844.08
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