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The Alaska daily empire. [volume] (Juneau, Alaska) 1912-1926, November 07, 1918, Image 3

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After All, There’s No Time Like the Present.
you HELP
* Ate
I CAN Civfeyou
VMEEKf j-y
WHAT do Vou
- MEAN —
'Too LATe 5
C*wti«m. ma. hr h
/SSya/z. AIakcvj—- '' 17
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| Printing Co
?ANY baa the best equipped com
uerclal print Id* office la Alaska; In
riudes 13 linotype faces, the latest
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ing press In the Territory; modern
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■nd 1
Editor National Sports Syndicate
The trench shotgun is America’s
greatest contribution to the war.
Through the expert handling of
the trench shotgun the Germans
learned that the Yanks were coining.
At the first taste of the pellets the
Huns began to whine and then to
write notes calling us “barbarians,”
Germany, too!
Originator of the Big Idea
Three score years ago it was the
handy piece of the sheriffs who hunt
ed the outlaw’3, prison guards, ex
press messengers and stage coach
guards, and it did yoeinan service.
When America took a hand in the
war a Georgia engineer by the name
of Eagor began ruminating on ways
to stop. the Hun. His ruminations
brought him to the discraded weapon
of the days of mushroom mining
towns. It was the BIG IDEA.
The suggested the utilization of
the short barrel shotgun to the War
Department and the suggestion met
with favor. The improvised Winches
ter riot gun, 1897 model, six shot,
hand operated, single barrel pump
shotgun was examined and found to
be worthy.
But there was one problem to be
met. That was the placing of the
bayonej.. The barrel of the gun was
quite thin and did not offer much
support for a bayonet. This is where
Yankee ingenuity asserted itself and
made the gun the dealiest short
range weapon ever conceived or used
by man.
The weakness of the barrel was
overcome by providing an outer steel
coat or jacket, which is perforated
and held a short distance away from
the barrel proper and forms an air
chamber that acts as a cooling jack
et. To this reinforced jacket is the
bayonet attached.
The jacket prevents the scorching
of the shooter’s hands and permits
rapid fire. The magazine holds five
shells and there is one shell in
the chamber, making it capable of
firing six shots as rapidly as one
can pull the trigger and work the
pump handle! This we might assert
is mighty fast when in the hands of
a trapshooter.
Will Fire 60 Cartridges a Minute
These shells contain 3% drams of
smokeless powder, 00 buckshot load,
0 pellets to each cartridge, each pel
let about the size of a .32-calibre
bullet. It is possible for one man
shooling, and others loading for him
to fire 50 cartridges a minute, which
means 450 slugs a veritable shower
of lead, would be sprayed over a 100
yard sector. With hundreds of these
guns in use one can imagine the
No column of troops could stand
at close range before a line of men
armed with trench shotguns. In the
past these guns have cowed mobs
and upset mass formations. It is
unwise to stand in front of them—
especially when they are In the hands
of one who might pull the trigger.
The gun weighs 7V6 pounds and the
bayonet 1% pounds pounds. It is
the 12gauge pattern with barrels 20
Inches long made from rolled steel,
cylinder bored. The bayonet can be
removed and used for “close up"
fighting. A sling is attached to the
gun, the same as to the rifle, so
that it may be thrown over the shoul
An Idea of the effectiveness of the
gun is shown in these tests on a
two-inch pine board. At 50 yards
the pellets wormed their way through
the wood to a depth of 1% inches.
At 75 yards the shot went in %
of an inch and at 100 yards the shot
went in 14 of an inch.
When General Pershing requested
the shotguns we are of the opinion
that the idea was to try to keep
Fritz at home in the evenings. Thou
sands were supplied and those in
the hands of men who co^J<l use
them not only have kept Fritz at
home nights but have kept him sleep
less more than one night.
Will Not Replace Rifle or Machine
Th shotguns are more effective
than rifles for sentries. The guns
will not replace the rifle in warfare
nor will they perform the functions
of a machine gun. It is purely an
emergency weapon which has done all
that it was intended to do—and some
Firing from the hip .holding back
the trigger and pumping the fore-J
hand, the shooter can lay down a
perfect barrage in front of him that
will he effective for more than 100
yards. This gives an idea of the
value of the gun in the hands of
sentries. It carries more terrors in
to the hearts of the enemy than any
other Instrument of destruction that
has been used.
The only umbrella that will assist
anyone when the trench shotgun is
showering pellets over the universe
■ is an armored tank.
Here Is a Sportirtg Proposition
The guns are mainly in the hands
of trapshooters, men who learned to!
shoot at clay targets at the gun club.
Trapshooters are sportsmen and
have used the guns to deflect and ex
plode hand grenades thrown by the
Hand grenades explode four sec
onds after they are thrown—-and if
they are missed by the shooter he
pays for the miss with his life. The
compactness of the shot will stop
the grenade and cause it tq explode
near the enemy trench, which is
fatal to the thrower.
VLADIVOSTOK, Nov. 7. — Some
Russians have a strange conception
of the functions of the Red Cross.
The apparently Intelligent matron
of a \ ladivostok home for orphans
recently proposed that the Red Cross
take over management of all or
phan’s homes throughout Russia.
She thought this could be started
with an expenditure of not more
than 60,000,000 rubles.
Another modest request from an
other source was that the Red Cross
undertake the rehabilitation and re
pair of ail towns throughout Rus
sia which have suffered from Rus
sia’s civil war.
The matron also asked the Red
Cross to make the nurses and in
structors in her institution behave.
She complained that since the Bol
shevik reign in Vladivostok all
sense of discipline had vanished
and the young men and women were
carrying on high jinks to the det
rirment of the orphan's welfare.
Headquarters lor Ladysmith coal
Juneau Transf. Co., phone 48.
The Lettish People Are Re
late dto the Ancient
Aryan, One of Old
est People.
PETROGRAD, Nov. 7. Birth of a
new nation of 2,600,000 people, or a
population greater than that of Nor
way, to be called Lettland, will be
one of the results of the world war
if the demands of the Letts of Li
vonia and Courland are granted.
The people living in the former
Russian Baltic provinces are chafing
under German dimination forced up
on them by Prussian rifles and will
plead for the right of self-determina
tion before the peace Congress that
ends the war. Letts predominate iti
Livonia and Courland and have a
distinct language and civilization
wholly unlike those of the Esthcn
The Lettish language is closely re
lated to the ancient Aryan and is
regarded! as one of the oldest of Kur
opean tongues. It is rich in folk
lore and popular legends. Lettish
theatres are maintained at Riga. Libau
and several of the other larger cit
ies. The Letts boast many novelists,
playwrights, artists and musicians
and hold aloof from the Germans.
In all the world the Letts number
about 2,000,000* The Territory in
which Letts predominate, and which
they insist should be set aside for
them to govern embraces Courlaod,
Livonia and several districts in the
V astern part of the Russian govem
i cut of Vitebsk, Including the dis
tress of Dvinsk, Luzine and Rech
i' e. The total population of this
]n mosed government to bo called
Let'lsnd is 2,600.000 about 150.000
less than that of Denmark. The area
of the proposed Lettland is 62,325
kilometers, which is one-fifth the
size of Italy or Great Britain and
fifty per cent, larger than either
Switzerland or Denmark.
The Letts comprise 68 per cent.
of the population of the territory
they want to govern. The Russians
make up 12 per cent, of the inhabi
tonts and tho Germans 7 per cent.
The remaining pronulation is chiefly
Jewish and Polish. Seventy-seven
per cent, of the Letts are Lutherans.
Eighteen per ceni, are Roman Catho
lics and the remainder Greek Cath
olics. Sixtv-six per cent, of the
Letts residing in tlie proposed Lett
land can read and wright.
Riga, Libau and Windau, the three
Baltic seaports embraced in the Let
ish territory formerly handled al
most one-half of Russia's total im
port and export trade and are of
prime commercial importance.
It is the desire of Letts to have
their independence under an inter
national guarantiee of neutrality. A
national council has been organized
to resist all movements to make a
German principality out of Courland
and Livonia. This council is urging
that Russia’s inability to defend the
Balkan coast makes it imperative
that it should be protected by inter
national action and kept clear as a
pathway from the West to the East.
NEW YORK, Nov. 7.—A tomato
potato is the latest “wonder” of
German horticulture according to
German newspapers received hee.
According to their accounts, toma
toes and potatoes have been raised
on one plant. On a strong branch
of a potato plant was grafted a
shoot of a tomato plant. After
a process of hardening, which re
quired one month the grafted plan
was set out in the open. The two
branches then thirved as one.
From sixteen such plants it is
stated 4 2 pounds of tomatoes and
25 pounds of potatoes were gath
ered. The plants require only a
rich loose warm soil, much sunshine
and ordinary care. German papers
say the achievement is not aston
ishing as the tomato and the po
tatoe belong to the same plant spe
iies that of solanum.
serving Mallard and Teal ducks.
Your way is the right way.
That the Iiuus in their hatred fur
the world outside of Germany have
extended their propaganda to at
tacking opera singers who have at
tained fame and fortune In America
la strikingly, il not artistically,
shown In the cartoon reproduced
herewith from Lustlge B'Jtter, a
German paper. The particular copy
from which this reproduction was
made was sent to Karico Caruso
by Davlde Drollet, one ef the sing
er’s friends who Is now fighting on
the western front In a letter dated
August 13 Mr. Drollet writes that
he took the cartoon from n Genian
colonel, »liu >w. < I ■ „ «e
was captured in a < n«t.c in■ i Kn,.e.
The cartocii l i> lures ii m \ Fret I a
Hein |>el. Mr- Caruso and -Miss
Emmy Dcstinn—the women ablaze •
with dia woi. ds-^-aiughig a song,
whleh. according to the German in
terpretation. stem* to sound petty
much like “To Hell frith Germany."
The title the cartoonist has lettered
on Mme. llempel'a music reads:—
“Down with Germany! Long Live
the Dollar.'" Mr. CarUao la favored
with a title somewhat less mer
cenary, bat vicious enough from the
Ember's viewpoint, thus:—"Down '
with Germany! Long Uve ItalyT'
while Mitw Deatlnn, also condemn
ing Germany to tbe lower region*,
la appealing for tbe gucces* of tbe
Czecho slovaks. The cartoon bears
the cutting title “The *Grateful'
partings,” and below Is paraphrased
the poem, "Mlnneeanger," by lleitie.
which, broadly translated, read*
somewhat as folk rs:—
“And which of tk se succeeds the
With song of hate from Inmost
baa rtf
For bo la victor who achieves
▲ Miooaaad pounds for every note.”
LONDON, Nov. 7.—For four long
months London has enjoyed immun
ity from hostile air raids and moon
light lights are no longer dreaded by
the inhabitants. For tnanv weeks
German airmen have had far more
urgent business to attend to on the
other side of the channel. Much
of this is due to the persistent raid
ing of Rhino towns and the bombing
of German aerodomos. These at
tacks compel the enemy to muster
for their defense machines which
they can very ill spare from the bat
tlefields where Allied supremacy in
the air becomes increasingly mam j
fest. I
The frequent raids on German
towns have been fully recorded but
the growing frequency of attacks on
German airdomes have rt reived much
less attention. From Information ob
tained from the War Ministry it is
learned that in the month of August
alone there were thirty-three attacks
on German aerodomes, nineteen ot
which were directed against t» i ot
them which had become particularly
obnoxious as hives of aerial wasp
In one daylight raid on an aero
dome a fierce conibat lasted over
forty minutes as a result of which
four German machines were destroy
ed and three others driven down 'out
of control.” Two British machines
were lost.
Many of the night raids have been
very effective. Over one aerod >me
five tons of bombs wore dropped
seven direct hits on hangars were
made and a fit was started. On
another raid eight ton* of bombs
were dropped and several hangars
completely burned out, and the aero
dome covered with largo holes whb h
effectively spoiled it for landing put
The effect af these attacks is to
cripple the efficacy of the Germans’
aggressive work and their power of
retaliation and demoralize ihelr per
sonnel. Their recuperative powers
are now at a low ebb.
ARCHANGEL, Nov. 7.—'I use of
the American army continp nt sta
tioned here who speak Russian arc
press agents for Uncle Sam. In the
troops selected for Russian service
were many of Slavic birth, who are
reviving their old language ue
and using it with the pretty IMs
sian girls and more important, with
the Russian workmen who are in
clined to think, sometimes, that the
Allies are quite imperialistic.
In odd moments between guard
duty one finds American soldiers
telling Russians that - the United
States is here to help them, and
that’s all.
FRANCE, Nov. 7,—When the Brit
ish were bringing back hundreds
and thousands of prisoners in the
last advance to the Htndenburg line
often times batches of prisoners al
ready in cages would laughingly
welcome a new contingent. One
cage was situated in n ravine and
the Germans could see more prison
ers coming over the brows of the
hills. As crowds of them came in
sight cheers would go up from the
prison cage and as the men arrived
at the enclosure they would be
greeted with handshakes and smiles.
NEW YORK, Nov. 7. — German
efforts to obtain g< ese from Poland
and Ukraine virtually have fath d
and Hie German market ia practi
cally barefqf the fowl, aaya the Co
logne Gazette. An organization
charged with the duty of arrang
ing imports of geese from Roland,
and other occupied territor'es in
the East stated that betw -en 400,
(K'u and 809,000 geese had been or
dered in those districts but the acf
tual receipts amounted to ouljr 50,
000. Ukraine had promised to ex
port 1,000,000 geese but owing to
unexpected difficulties, not one wt|
sent to C rinauy.
C. F. Higharo. Widely Known
in America, Tell* How
Government Department*
a- -■
How the British Government has
seen helping instead of hampering
leWBpaper advertising is explained
iy the lionorary publicity agent of
carious British departments in a
etter to Janies Keeley, obtained In
response to an inquiry made by
Roger \V Babson, director of the
Dopur! ruent of Labor. The letter
‘ Dear Mr. Kelley: In reply to
Jie query from the Chief of the Di
vision of Information and Educa
tion, Mr. Itoger W. Babson, in re
tard to the attitude of the British
Rovorn men't toward the British
,jrest. I would like to say that the
British Government not only relies
upon, but encourages in every way
the newspapers of this country,
rh > have placed no restrictions on
lie pres sin regard to the sort of ad
rtfsing they should carry or how
much of it they should carry, and
neither have they interfered in any
way witn the business side of the
ntwsp. pers other than to arrange
tor them to only use a proportion of
the paper or pulp which they used
in previous years, owing to the lack
of supplies coming into the coun
try. Kv ii therp the object was to
see that as far as possible all news
papers maimntio d their prestige.
l'li only other restriction I know
of that has 1" en placed on the
newsp. pci s is the press bureau
which regulates the distribution of
newTh.e British Government be
lieves that the press of this country
is most essential for the proper car
rying on of the war.
‘ In regard to advertising—all the
advertisements that have appeared
in the press on behalf of the Gov
ernment departments of this coun
try are paid for at scale rates, or
more .as in the case of war bontjs
fpid war-savings certlticates. where
in a great many of the newapapere
there are two rates, one for trade
and one, for financial ,the Govern
ment pays a rate half way between
theBe two rates. There has never
been any question of the Govern
ment asking for free advertising In
this country, neither have they ex
pected It. One can not expect a
newspaper to give up the bulk of its
editorial space in support of the war
and then give up Its revenue col
umns at the same time.
“Thi* paid advertising has been
extraordinarily successful. The cost
of the treasury’s advertising In the
raising of war loans works opt at
roughly one-thirty-eighth of 1 per
cent., which I think you will agree
is extremely economical.
“The advert ising of nonessential
commodities lias decreased, not be
cause of an> interference on the
part of the Government, but owing
to tiic fact that the newspapers use
their good judgment there and only
find room tor the necessities and
4lve second place to the ponesaen
tials. All trade-marked goods are
a<l\ ertised regularly as before, tho
they can not use such large apace as
previously,#>”t their advertising In
a more modified form la thare Just
the same. I think this answers Mr.
itabson’s queries. If it does not I
should be pelased to give you any
further Information you may re
“In writing to Mr. Baboon you
might wish to have some authority
for the statements which I make.
Yo might tell him that the man
who gave you the Information la the
honorary publicity agent to the
treasury, the national war egvlngl
committee, the Admiralty, and othei
Government departments."
T1 letter la signed by C. P*.
Hicham, who is widely known In
this country and formerly h®*d im
portant businee epoeitione here.
no _ . _
Through life, choosing the
easiest and most pleasant way,
legartless of eUgBitr. in «**
of the lurett warn to be left
TO RE SAVED through Christ
must come to God an a

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