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THE NOME NUGGET - ■ ■ -- - - ■■ -■-1 - ■ •■■■—» VOL. 43. No. 65. NOME, ALASKA, MONDAY, AUG. 4. 1941. Per 1•* Germans Within 50 Miles Of Kiev Japan Suspends Direct Steamship Travel To U.S. FDR Places Full Embargo on Oil, Gas for Japan JAPAN SUSPENDS DIRECT SS TRAVEL TO U.S. STRANDING 600 AMERICANS IN EMPIRE _ UNDATED, Aug. 4 (JP) — Jap-j an took an ominous new step in, the Far East crisis with the sus pension of all direct steamship I service to the United States, leaving about 600 American citi-J zens stranded on the island em pire. reliable informants said. Si multaneously the Japan Times and Advertiser, organ of the Tok.] yo foreign office, said the Japan ese government, next week, will likely invoke a complete nation! al economic mobilization to cope with the United States and Brit ish economic pressure. While the steamship departur es -were suddenly cancelled, two big Japanese liners in United States west coast ports prepared for speedy dashes for home. In Ser; Francisco, the 15 million dol lar Tatsuta Maru discharged the last of her two and a half million do !ar cargo of raw silk with em ergency longshore crews work ing around the clock and rushed ; aboard a thousand barrels of duej oil, ballast and cargo, and sailed for Japan. A Japanese liner pre vious y sailed from San Francis co empty, the second to leave the United States without cargo. At Seattle, the Heian Maru al so piled raw silk on the docks and was posted to sail as scon as loaded. At sea, the Asa Maru. which left Honolulu Friday with HO American passengers and a three million dollar cargo of raw s:lk maintained a radio silence on orders from Tokyo. Dispatches from the Far East said the departure of the Hikawa M3ru, the N:tta Maru. and other Japanese ships, scheduled to sail for the United States, were post poned indefinitely. Passengers aboard the Nitta Maru. enroute from China ports to San Fran eiico, were taken off at quaran tine when the liner arrived at Kobe. Shanghai dispatches said that Japanese troops are still arriv ing in increasing numbers at Dairen, Japan’s port of entry at Manchukuo, where Japanese fore es along the USSR-Siberian bor der were reported strongly re inforced. Unconfirmed rumors of new Japanese-Russian clashes a ong the Manchukuo-Siberian frontier, circulated at Shanghai, but the Japanese Army denied them. Japan Defies American, British Economic Pressure, Poise Troops Thailand-Crisis Expected Month UNDATED, Aug. 2 UP)—Japan defied the American and British economic pressure after Presi dent Roosevelt’s embargo on avia tier, fuel to Japan. Her Minister of Commerce, Vice-Admiral Sak onji, said the situation was “so j tense that a single spark is suftic- : ient to cause an explosion.” Si-j multaneously, foreign military! circles in Shanghai, which pre dicted Japan’s current move in IndoChina, said they expected a crisis in Thailand within a me r.th. Japanese troops were reported massed at Cambodia, near the Thailand frontier. Japanese plan es are poised within two hours flying time from Bankok, the^ Thailand capital. Usually relia-| ble Japanese sources in Shanghai! said Tokyo tentatively approach Thailand already, with the object of welding the country to Japan’s £o-cailed “co-prosperity sphere.” This was further supported by a statement from authorized quar-j ters in London that Japan de-j manded military bases from Thai land, within 400 miles striking distance of Singapore; and con trol of the country’s rubber, rice and tin production. In Tokyo The Japan Times and Advertiser, organ of the Japan ese Foreign Office said flatly that British and United States moves to cut off Japan’s vital supplies of oil, tin and rubber will only speed her program to win econ omic self-sufficiency in the south orient. ' President Roosevelt’s order damped a full-fledged embargo on aviation fuel and drastically reduced shipment of other oil supplies on which Japan depends for more than two-thirds of her needs. Domei said the measure was aimed directly at Japan. Tokyo newspapers asserted that the United States is attempting to monopolize the vital raw mater ials of the South Seas, on a pre ferred customers basis. Embargo Stops Two-thirds Japan’s Gas And Oil WASHINGTON. Aug. 2 OP) — i Japan faced a showdown in her program of expansion southward as Roosevelt acted with an em bargo on aviation fuel and dras tically reduced other oil exports on which Japan depends for more than two-thirds of her gaso line and lubricant needs. Since Britain and the Dutch East In dies are the only other available major sources, it imposes a strin gent export control and financial restrictions on oil and other mili tary necessities. Petroleum au thorties considered that Japan’s war machine and industries must now run on principally hoarded and diminishing oil stocks. Subscribe for The Nome Nugget German Troops Advance Within 50 Miles Kie^-Meanwhile British Expeditionary Force Is Rumored 9 .. ■ UNDATED. Aug. 4 (TP) — Ger man troops lunging past the bloody Zhitomir sector on the scutern front advanced within 50 miles of Kiev, the Russians admitted, while both sides told of new slaughter of thousands. Hitler's command also claimed new success ir. the vital central front guarding 'Moscow. ‘'The bu k of the Soviet armed forces, trapped east of Smolensk, are now destroyed. the remainder facing dissolution,” a German communique said. Nazi dispatch es sad 2,300 Russians were killed a thousand taken prisoner, and 71 tanks captured in an unstat ed northern area. This may have been the same action reported by the German command which said 10.000 Red Army troops were taken prisoner west of Lake Peppus in Estonia, on the north ern front below Leningrad, along with many tanks, cannon and sup plies. The Russians countered with a report that a Soviet tank col umn smashed through the Ger man forces near “N” a town on the northwest front,, killing at least a thousand Nazi soldiers and littering the battlefiled with the wreckage of more than a hun dred shell-torn tanks, armored cars and quantities of field artil lery. JOINT TAX FOR MARRIED COUPLES WASHINGTON — The House Ways and Means Committee re fused to write into the new three and a half billion dollar tax bill a relief for taxable married couples. By a 19 to 9 vote the commit tee decided that married couples must file joint income tax returns whether their earnings are sep arate or not. A man and his wife must, if, the bill is approved in its present form, file a tax return based on the entire family income. They may not as heretofore, pay as in dividuals and thus gain higher to tal exemptions on their earnings. In taking the new action the Committee made it clear that the new aw will not affect joint in comes of $4j000 or under and will deal leniently with the $4,000! to $8,000 class. The requirement will add $33 to the tax paid by man and wife without dependents whose total income is $5,000 a year. The Com mittee estimates that the new pro vision will affect only one-tenth of tax-paying married couples. BILL OUTLAWING WALRUS KILLING GETS APPROVAL WASHINGTON — The Senate Territories Committee approved House Bill 1806 which outlaws the promiscuous killing of wal rus in Alaska for ivory or other commercial purposes. The bill does not prohibit the killing of walrus by natives for food or for historical exhibition in museums. Two Worlds Line Ip For Clash Mussolini told that Italian troops are leeving the Russo Berman war theater “as the line up is now complete for a clash .between two worlds," with Rome Berlin and Tokyo on one side against London, Washington and Moscow, on the other, in a speech mode on July 29 as he reviewed his blackshirt legion at Mantua. — Britain To Send Forces to Finland Meanwhile a flood of reports, unconfirmed by officially unchal lenged, persisted in London that Britain will soon dispatch an ex-' peclitionary force to open up a northern European front, possib ly in Finland. London newspa pers carried advances from Gote borg. Sweden, that large British naval forces are already in the Arctic. Minister of Supply Bea verbrook’s Daily Express, carried the headline “All the Axis ds Asking Where We Will Invade.” Axis Withdrawing In Tobruk Siege British headquarters at Cairo reported that German and It alian troops are withdrawing from advance position in the 4 months siege of the British garri son at Tobruk, Libya. Seventeen persons were killed and 59 wounded in an Axis raid on the Suez Canal, in the heav iest casualty list yet recorded there. Raid alarms sounded in Cairo, Alexandria, Port Said and several Egyptian provinces. Silk, Hosiery Mills Close Doors On 250 Million Dollar Industry To Conserve Supply of Raw Silk WASHINGTON, Aug. 2 (/P) — National silk and hosiery mills prepared to close their doors to night on a 250 million dollar in dustry, in obediance to a govern ment order to cease production at midnight. 175.000 or more silik workers looked to the federal government to provide a means of support. The effect of econ omic warfare in the Pacific was brought home to American with stunning force and suddenness last night as the Office of Pro duction Management issued a stop order on silk processing, to conserve the supply of raw silk for the armed forces. The order is a result of the freezing of ev ery bale of raw silk in the hands of mills ar.d warehouses, prepar atory to possible requisitioning by the army and navy, who there by gain a two-year supply of silk for parachutes, powder bags and other defense necessities. Reds Report Slaughter 60,000 UNDATED, Aug. 2 UP) — The Russian armier defending Smol ensk, the gateway to Moscow, re ported the slaughter of four Ger-i man divisions of about 60,000 men. Soviet military dispatches declared that Nazi advance fore es were retreating with heavy losses under Red counterattacks. Pravda said: “From isolated defensive blows, the Red Army is going into consecutive counter blows, hurling back the impu dent enemy." German reports said Nazi in fantry, moving up to advance fighting lines in the Smolensk salient, freed swift panzer col umns for a new break toward Moscow. AMERICANISM REAFFIRMED: NAVY WORKERS SIGN UP BREMERTON, Wash., — Thou sands of employees at the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington, have flocked to sign statements of American loyalty and freedom from all subver sive policies, according to offic ials of the Thirteenth Naval Dis trict. Pres. Asks 17 Million for CAA WASHINGTON, Aug. 2 (/P) — A supplemental appropriation re qu^st was sent to Congress by the President who indicated that it contained further expenditures for the improvement of Alaska airports. The President asked 17 million dollars for the CAA but gave no details or how much was planned for Alaska, but a Budget Bureau statement said, because of the increased importance of Alaska to national dfeense, it is now necessary to make further improvements to airports now be ing constructed in Alaska. In addition, considerable expansion is asked for communication serv ices used by the Army, Air Corps CAA and Weather Bureau. This is in accordance with dir ection by the Navy Department, but the Bremerton yard officials have expressed themselves as ex tremely gratified with the speed and willingness shown by the 14,000 workers in signing the statements. The affidavit is sworn to before a notary public. “Our workers have been proud and eager to reaffirm their Am ericanism in this way,’’ one yard official stated. NEW 30-TON TANK FOR ARMY | ■ us .mi Hi ip1 j m*- i—bb., --irrawr.. mmtm] a • i This is the first M-3 medium 30-ton tank built for the U. S. army at the Baldwin Locomotive Works, shown at Eddy’s Tone, Pa., on the Chester Pike he ded for the Aberdeen, Md., proving grour.ds.