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OLDEST NEWSPAPER IN ALASKA—MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS_ VOL. L. No. 48. NOME, ALASKA, WEDNESDAY, ApRIL 21, 1948._PER COPY — 15c NWA Chamber Discusses Tourists Ami Seawall v I A dinner meeting of the North western Alaska Chamber of Com merce was held last evening at the Pioneer Hall for members invited guests and visitors. The meeting followed a grand All-Alaska dinner and was pre sided over by president H. F. j Harper. The several committees of the, Chamber board were called upon to report the activities of their various committees, to acquaint the membership with the work of the board this year. Donald Lyle, reported of Roads and Harbors committee, stating that favorable action is being taken by congres sional committees which have been spurred by prominent Nomeites, G. R. Jackson and Carl Lomen, both members of the NWA cham ber, in the interest of the urgently needed seawall. Keith Hedreen, chairman of the Emergency Hospital Committee,' reported that the $10,000 goal has just about'been reached and the hospital is nearly ready for oc cupancy pending the arrival of necessary equipment. President Harper added that the chamber would hold an open house at the hospital as soon as Carl Glavin ovich, construction supervisor, announced the building was com plete. A report was made by Richard Webb on the chamber pamphlet being prepared for circulation, stating that as soon as material was completed it would be under way. It was#estimated that the original order for 5,000 copies, j would be far under the present demand by various agencies for at least 20,000. T. C. Duffield, U. S. Commis sioner, requested the assistance of the chamber in matters of wel fare funds which his office is attempting to distribute to needy persons. He wished the chamber to assist in making out the ap-‘ plications for those who cannot read or write, or who are back ward about requesting aid. C. D. Anderson, representing the Arctic Alaska Travel Bureau,' Mr. W. S. Nay, manager of the Alaska Airlines’ Nome office, and James Walsh, manager of thePAA local office, all spoke of the nec essity for housing needed to care (Continued on Page Seven) Negro Prisoner Goes Berserk Kills Guard COLUMBUS, O.,— i/P) —One guard was stabbed fatally and, two others wounded seriously last night by a negro convict who ran berserk inside the Ohio peniten tiary for 20 minutes. The convict, John Thomas, 34, serving a l-to-15 year term for, burglary, surrendered without re-; sistance when rifle-carrying guard took him in a dining room. He had escaped from the prison hos pital’s "strong ward.” No shots were fired. Walter W. Zimmer, of Wester-J Communists Lose Italian Election By Wide Margin By John M. McKnight ROME, —(IP)—Italy’s Commun ists, overwhelmed in the election, received a hint from their top labor leaders today of an about face on the Marshall Plan. The Comunists opposed Mar shall Plan aid throughout the campaign. Smarting from their worst de feat in free voting, the Commun ists also faced the possibility of a serious rift with some of their left wing Socialist allies. With nearly complete returns apparently assuring the Ameri can-backed Christian-Democrats of control of both houses of par liament, Giuseppe di Vittorio of the Communist-controlled general confederation of labor indicated it wants to take a stand on Am erican aid independent of Moscow. Official returns on all but 155 of the 41,647 precincts in the Chamber of Deputies election gave the Christian Democrats 48.7 per cent of the vote, a toal of 12,681,527. The Communist led Popular Front had 7,995,601, or 30.7 per cent. In third place were the Anti-Communist Socialists, with 1,848,826, or 7.1 per cent. Final official returns on the Senate vote gave the Christian Democrats 10,740,131, or 47.9 per cent; the Popular Front, 6.955,229, or 31 per cent, and the Anti-Com munist Socialists, 1,580,722, or seven per cent. Seattle Opposes Alaska Shipping On Canadian Ships SEATTLE, — <JP) — Seattle’s Port Commission voiced strong objection yesterday to proposed changes in Alaska shipping reg ulations. Opposing proposals that would amend the Jones Act to permit Canadian ships to carry passen gers and cargo between U.S. ports and Alaska, the commission de clared such legislation would be “damaging blow” to the U.S. Mer chant Marine and, especially, to Seattle maritime interests. Immediately after the commis sion’s meeting yesterday, Col. W. D. Lamport, Port of Seattle gen eral manager, left by train for a three week business trip to San Francisco and Washington, D.C. He will present the commission’s! views to gpvernment officials in the nation’s capital. ville, O.,, a guard since 1942, was killed and S. P, Chesshir, and Frank C. Lower, both of Colum bus, wounded. They were armed only with billy clubs because of regulations against firearms inside the mid tow n penitentiary’s slate-grey walls. Warden R. V. Alvis said Thom as broke away from a guard short ly after being freed to empty his bed pan. He obtained a knife in the dining room. John L. Lewis And UMW Workers Are Fined for Contempt WASHINGTON,—(/P)—John L. Lewis escaped a jail sentence to day but was fined $20,000 per sonally and his United Mine Workers $1,400,000 for contempt of court. Judge T. Alan Goldsborough accepted a government recom mendation for those fines, but said it had been his own inclin ation to send Lewis to oad. The fines are just double what the bushy-browed UMW chief and his miners had to pay after they similarly were found guilty in 1946 of contempt for ignoring a court’s stop-strike order. Then Goldsborough fined Lewis $10,000 and the union $3,500,000, but the Supreme Court cut the union’s fine to $700,000. The fines Goldsborough impos ed yesterday were only for crim inal contempt. The judge granted a motion to consider a penalty for civil contempt against Lewis and the union on Friday. Lewis and the union each were held guilty by the judge on Mon day of both civil and criminal contempt. In civil contempt, penalties are usually based on damages done. So penalties are often fixed to increase if damages continue. This might result in Goldsbou ough’s imposing a daily penalty in event the miners do not work in protest against the criminal j contempt fines. Many were out of the mines to day, following the outcome of the • Continued on Page Five> Holy Land Gets U.N. Consideration Trusteeship Plan LAKE SUCCESS,— f/P) —The United States toflay offered for United Nations consideration a 47-point trusteeship for Palestine. There was no committing of Am erican troops. The document, la bled by American spokesman as a group of suggestions, and not a formal proposal, dodged a stand on who should maintain peace in the Holy Land. 4 Embodying most of the prev ious informal United States sug gestions, the plan said merely that a group of nations to be sel ected later should defend Pales tine and keep order. Delegate Warren A. Austin pre sented the draft plan to the whole 58-r»tion political committee, in which began consideration of the whole Palestine problem. The fate of the assembly’s 1947 decision to partition the Holy Land will be decided during the debate. HOSPITAL NEWS Donors today to the Emergency Hospital fund: Charles D. Jones $ 10.00 Dorothy M. Russell 5.00 Green Winkler Co. 100.00 National Grocery Co. 100.00 TOTAL TO DATE - $9,117.70 UMW Official Savs, Fine Will Not Settle The Issue PITTSBURGH. — </P) —Frank Hughes, president of the United Mine Workers District Three, de clared fining of the union and John L. Lewis would not settle the issue. “We’ll just have to wait and see,” he said, adding he thought the final answer would be given by the United States Supreme Court. He made the comment after learning that a feeral court in Washington had fined Lewis $20, 000 and the union $1,400,000 on , criminal contempt of court charg * es. First reaction of soft coal min ers in the field to the fine im posed upon their union and its 1 leader was that “We got a dirty deal.” i This was the comment of Bal dine Demarco, 35, of Morgan, Pa., recording secretary of UMW local 2563. ; Demarco added that he didn’t know what effect the fine would have on miners' return to work. “It looks like Wallace for pres ident.” said one miner bitterly. “That’s how I’m going to vote and I’m going to get lots more to vote with me-.” If the case had been thrown out of court when the pensions were granted we’d have been back 100 per cent right now,” said De marco. “That’s what this walkout was i about. That’s all we wanted. Lew is never called a strike. I’m re cording secretary and the word strike is not mentioned in any of the correspondence to our local.” More than a fourth of the 400, 000 soft coal miners were idle to day in fresh walkouts stemming from the Lewis contempt con viction. A representative of United Mine Worker district 5 in Pittsburgh expressed relief at the fine. “That ! wasn’t so bad,” he said. “Not so bad.” He added, “A jail sentence would have been bad. All the miners would have gone out and , that’s for sure.” I - 23rd. Inf. Troops OLYMPIA, — (/P)—Troops of ! the 23rd Infantry Regiment at Fort Lewis will be sent to Al aska “soon,” Maj. Gen. Paul W. Kendall, commanding general of Fort Lewis, disclosed yesterday. Fort Lewis authorities had an nounced earlier that 2100 men of the 2nd Division, of which the 23rd Regiment is a part, were going to Alaska for “summer training.” General Kendall said they will be sent “soon” at a chamber of commerce luncheon. The lunch eon honored General Kendall who has been ordered to a new as signment as commander of Unit ed States troops in Austria. He will be succeeded at Fort Lewis by Maj. Gen. Harry J. Collins. Ill inois Governor To Give Address GOP Convention PHILADELPHIA, — f/P) —Gov Dwight H. Green of Illinois will deliver the keynote address at the Republican National Convention this summer. A 32-member GOP arranging committee yesterday selected gov. Green as temporary chairman of the convention. In that capacity he will deliver the keynote ad dress. Joseph W. Martin Jr., of Mass., speaker of the house of Repres entatives, was nominated to serve as permanent chairman of the con vention that opens in Philadel 1 phia June 21. “Governor Green enjoys the highest confidence and esteem of ! the people of both parties,” said GOP National Chairman Carroll Reece. In Chicago Green said he ap preciated the “signal honor and grave responsibility.” Fishing Fleet Sails For Halibut Hanks In Alaskan Waters SEATTLE, —i/P>—Doughty fish i ing vessels upped anchor in a dozen West Coast ports yesterday to head for Alaska waters in an open scramble for choice locations on the North Pacific halibut grounds. A record armada of 600 ships, including 180 from Seattle, is ex pected to be dispersed throughout the area when the International : Fisheries Commission officially i opens the halibut season at 12:01 i a.m. (local time) May 1. Jockying for locations in the banks developed through failure 1 of various ports to agree on stag gered starting times by splitting the fleet as in past years. The plan, devised to prevent congestion of the market, was disrupted last year by Seattle’* prolonged dispute over catch shares. Fishermen here said an accord could not be reached this spring with Alaskan ports for resump tion of the staggered schedule. Most stateside vessels , will take on ice and bait at Ketchikan and then stand by until next Monday when fishing licenses become val id. This will permit a race for the halibut grounds’ best spots be fore the season opens. C.G. Ice Breaker ^Jorthwiml To Sail For Bering Sea i _ - SEATTLE, —(TP)—Scheduled to I sail for the Bering Sea early next month is the Coast Guard ice breaker Northwind. The vessel, now being outfitted in Bremer ton, will make its first voyage to i the far north since before the war. Capt. C. W. Thomas, who skippered the ship through its Antarctic adventures, again will I be in command.