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OLDEST NEWSPAPER IN ALASKA—MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS_
VOL. LIII No. 136 NOME, ALASKA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1951 Per Copy—lof Truce Negotiators 1 44 A Lot Closer To Agreement” MUNSAN, Korea, </P)—A U.N. command spokesman said today truce negotiators were “a lot closer” to agreement on the Ko rean buffer zone dispute than a month ago or even a week ago. Lt. Col. Holard S. Levie, acting U.N. spokesman, told news men that in the six days since both sides submitted new cease-fire proposals, the negotiators have “certainly cleared the air.” Levie said he is confident the buffer zone dispute will be set tled. But he wouldn’t guess when. “If the United Nations Command delegates did not believe that, they wouldn’t be going back day after day,” he said. Maj. Gen. Henry I. Hodes, U.N. Command subcommittee chair man, told the Red delegates Fri day their buffer zone proposal would fix the cease-fire line at | the same place as the Allied pro posal. Friday s session — live nours and 15 minutes — was held in a new olive drab tent set up by the communists Thursday night. Their old weather-stained tent finally succumbed to heavy rains. U.N. Command technicians in stalled electric lights and heaters, j KOREAN SITUATION SEOUL, (/P) — Chinese troops supported by at least five tanks knocked Allied infantrymen out of an advance position north of Yonchon on the western front to day. On the eastern end of the battle 1 i n e, a communist company pushed Allied troops off a hill with an attack which began about midnight and continued until dawn. Allied jet fighters on sweeps over North Korea spatted about 116 Russian-type MIG-15 jets to day, but the communist pilots showed no desire to fight. • _ Britain Asks Verification Of Korean Atrocities LONDON, (/PI — Britain has asked the United States if it can back up an American 8th Army officer’s charge that the Korean Reds have killed 5,790 Allied war prisoners, including about 10 Britons. i A foreign office spokesman told reporters today this country had no official information about the alleged atrocities. Nor has any word reached the British* govern ment through its intelligence sources, according to defense min istry officials. United Nations military head quarters in Tokyo is probing the atrocity charges. Rejects Too-High Bids JUNEAU, i7P) — All three bids on grading of 1.9 miles of the Wrangell Highway extension were rejected by the Bureau of Public Roads yesterday because the bids were deemed too high. The bidders were the Berg Construction Co., Juneau, $195, 868.40; Stock and Grove, Anchor age, $199,052; and Keil and Peter man, Juneau; $226,093. Truman Insists On Fair Deal Program On 1952 Platform KEY WEST, Fla., (TP) — Presi dent Truman plans to fight for his entire “Fair Deal” program — civil rights proposals and all — both within his own Democratic party as well as against his Re publican opponents. And regardless of who runs for President on the Democratic tick et, whether it’s Mr. Truman him self or someone else, the chief ex ecutive made it crystal clear yesterday that he has no thought of giving up control of the Demo cratic party. Four years ago the President lost four southern states by his firm adherence to these sharply controversial civil rights pro posals. His insistence yesterday that his “Fair Deal” program be in corporated into his party’s plat form for the 1952 race shaped up as an obvious challenge to such leaders of the anti-Truman forces as Gov. James F. Byrnes of South Carolina and Senator Byrd (D-Va). Byrd, a stalwart in the south’s opposition to the civil rights pro gram, declared that inclusion of this program in the platform the Democrats will take into the pre sidential campaign will mean a hard fight within the party. “Dead" Woman Comes To Life In Seattle Mortuary SEATTLE, (/P)—A change in a vital statistic file revealed late yesterday that a Seattle woman lived four days after she was pronounced dead and taken to a funeral home Monday. The spark of life in the body of Mrs. Ida Schmidt, 60-year-old widow, was noted by an attendant at the Greenlake Funeral Home four hours after a physician had pronounced her dead and her body had been taken to the mor tuary. A faint movement of the jaw tipped the attendant to the wom an’s condition and she was re moved to a hospital. She was kept alive until yesterday afternoon when hospital attendants said she succumbed ta the cerebral hem orrhage which plunged her into a coma early Monday. Her death was recorded with the coroner Monday but the file was later removed, bringing the case to light. Chief Deputy Coroner C. L. Harris said the file was removed because “the only time we record a death is when there is a death. We changed the record when we received the report she was alive.” Swedish Writer Wins Nobel Prize in Literature STOCKHOLM, (/P)—'The Swed ish Academy Thursday awarded the 1951 Nobel Prize for Litera ture to one of itts own members, Par Lagerkvist, author of the nov el “The Dwarf”. Lagerkvist, who is 60 years old and a playwright, poet, essayist and.writer of short stories as well as a novelist, will receive a check for 167,612 crowns ($32,357) from King Gustav Adolf at the Nobel Prize presentation ceremony to be held in Stockholm on Dec. 10. ADB Open Form Had Distinguished Panel of Speakers The Alaska Development Board open forum which was concluded late Monday probably had the most distinguished panel of speak ers ever to be gathered before in Alaska, according to A. Polet, who returned to Nome yesterday. Speakers included D. E. Skin ner of the Alaska Steamship Co., Lt. Gen. W. E. Kepner, Dr. Terris Moore, president of the Univer sity of Alaska, Joseph Morgan of the Bureau of Reclamation Ser vice, J. P. Johnson, of the Alaska Railroad, and many others. Under the Road Development Panel, headed by Herb Hilscher as moderator, one program of par ticular interest to Nome was that called “Roads West to Nome” which included not only the vital Nome-to-Teller road, but all the connecting links to the various fields of strategic minerals, such us Tin City, Wales, Lost River, as well as the Nome-Fairbanks ter minal of the International High way, which program was en dorsed as highly important to the development of Alaska. Under the Industrial Develop ment Panel, Gen. Kepner stated that “geography has placed Alas ka squarely across the front be tween the communistic countries and the democracies. By its po sition, Alaska is the easiest in vasion point of any other spot on the globe. It is the gateway to the arsenals of democracy.” William Johnson, Fairbanks banker named lack of capital as Alaska’s principle obstacle. He proposed that a fixed 8 per cent interest be boosted to 10 or 12 per cent in order to attract out side capital. Mr. Polet was NWA Chamber of Commerce speaker under the Industrial Development Panel and (Continued on Page Two) Missing Wien Plane Is Reported Safe ANCHORAGE, (JP) — A Wien Alaska Airlines plane, reported missing on a flight above the Arctic Circle has landed safely at Betties, Alaska. The CAA here re ported the landing last night but gave no details. Earlier, the CAA had reported the radio-equipped Cessna 140 as unaccounted for on a flight from Altna, an Eskimo* village on the Arctic Circle, to Betties, 50 miles farther north. The pilot was identified only as a Mr. Hughes, “an experienced Alaskan flier.” Whether passen gers were aboard was not re ported. Second Crash In 10 Days At Langley Air Base LANGLEY AIR FORCE BASE, Va., (#>)—Three Air Force crew men were killed here last night when a B-26 crashed while its pilot attempted an instrument landing in a heavy fog. It was the second fatal crash here within ten days. Two men were killed when a B-26 crashed v here Nov. 1 after one of its en gines caught fire. U.S. To Give Financial Aid To Iran Government WASHINGTON, (/P)—President Truman was reported today/ to have assured Iran’s prime minis ter the United States will do what it can to grant financial aid to the near-bankrupt Iranian gov ernment. Deputy Premier Hossein Fa temi told a reporter Mr. Truman gave these assurances in a letter sent last night to Premier Mo hammed Mossadegh of Iran. The President’s letter was in reply to an urgent message sent Sunday by Mossadegh. This ap pealed for immediate financial aid to keep Iran’s economy from being paralyzed by lack of funds as a result of the continuing Anglo-Iranian oil dispute. Aides said Iran wants $120,000,000. Mossadegh plans to leave by plane on Sunday for Egypt en route to Iran. Aides said the prime minister wants to chart a joint Egyptian - Iranian policy against “colonialism and com munism'’ during the visit. .— — ■■ Short Sketches Of Prospective Judge and D.A. In addition to the Second Divi sion Democratic Committee’s en dorsement of Harold Butcher of Anchorage for the Second Divi sion U.S. District judgeship, and James Von der Heydt.for the po sition of Second Division U. S. district attorney, both received the endorsement of Alaska’s Dem ocratic National Committeeman, Howard Lyng of Nome, and that of the Northwestern Alaska Qhamber of Commerce. There is presently no bar association at Nome. Harold J. Butcher was born May 17, 1906 at Ogden, Utah, and is a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. He was educated in the public schools, and Weaver College, all of Ogden. Following college Mr. Butcher went to Washington, D. C., where he was employed in various government positions. In 1937 he was graduated with a law degree from Southeastern University of Washington, D.C. During the late war Mr. Butch er was an official of the U.S. Public Roads Administration. His position was that of General Pur chasing Agent with headquarters at Seattle and Calgary, Canada, and he had approximately 150 persons employed under him. He had occasion to make several trips into Alaska in connection with the building of the Alaska High way, and liking what he saw, set tled permanently in Anchorage in June, 1944. Mr. Butcher passed the Alaska Bar Examination in October 1944, and was immediately appointed director of O.P.A. for the Third Division, resigning in August of 1945, to enter into private prac tice of law in Anchorage where he has been an outstanding mem ber of his chosen profession. He (Continued on Page Two) Korean Atrocities Catch Military By Surprise TOKYO, (/P) — American front line troops in Korea were told today the Reds have slaughtered 5,500 of their captured buddies. The Armed FoTces Radio broad cast for the first time the figures Col. James M. Hanley announced Wednesday — “so the GIs will know what they are up against.” Hanley is the center of an army investigation because he announ ced the totals. The colonel said he released them so front line troops wouldn’t be fooled by Red pro paganda. The Armed Forces Radio earlier was silent on the subject while the west of the world heard—and was shocked. The radio began beaming the story to the front this afternoon. Maj. Edgard L. Tidwell, chief of the Far East Network, ex plained the delay: “There were too many unknown quantities. When we could finally pin things down, we let it go.” The announcement caught the military by surprise — from the U.S. Eighth Army in Korea to the Pentagon in Washington. South Korean government of ficials said today there was no thing new in the atrocity figures. The rest of the world didn’t ac cept the announcement so matter of-factly. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, su preme Allied commander, sent his press information officer to Ko rea to investigate the details of the disclosure, and the figures themselves. In Washington, U. S. senators said they were puzzled that top military and goverment officials expressed surprise over the re port. Senator Young (R-ND), won dered out loud whether the ad ministration was “trying to mini mize the tragedies of the Korea war. ... I would think anything as important as that would find our top 1 e v e Is officially in formed.” — „-A— —— -... Legion Commander Says Communist Massacres Prove U. S. Is At War INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., (/P) — The commander of the American Legion Department of Alaska said Wednesday he was appalled by the news of Communist massacres of United States troops in Korea. “Such actions,” said John H. Van Horn of Sitka, Alaska, “prove that the United States is at war and not engaged in a police-ac tion. The enemy is ruthless and * uncompromising. The news bears out the need for military control rather than the State Department rule of warfare. Van Horn now is attending the national conference of department commanders here. 20 Below In Montana HELENA, Mont., (/P) — The mercury dropped to 20 degrees below zero at West Yellowstone, Mont., early today, and the U.S. Weather Bureau predicted more of the same tonight.