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OLDEST NEWSPAPER IN ALASKA—MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS
VOL. LIII No. 138 NOME, ALASKA^WEDNESDAY,JTOVEMBEiyLy_1951__^_____ Per_Copy—15«_ I Moscow Radio Uses Testimony Of U.S. Prisoners WASHINGTON, (/P) — Moscow is using what it describes as testimony of American war pri , soners to reply to U.S. charges of communist atrocities in Korea. One such prisoner was quoted in a broadcast recorded here, as saying that he was better off in a North Korean camp than he was when unemployed in New York. A long series of such state ments complete with names and addresses, has been beamed to * the United States and other west ern countries since Col. James M. Hanley of the Eighth Army made his estimate that about 5,500 American prisoners have been slain by the North Koreans and the Chinese. In an English language broad cast reported today by U.S. gov ernment monitors, one American prisoner was quoted: “I am treated courteously and * live in good conditions, get plenty to eat, and a daily supply of tobacco. When I was captured, my uniform was in shreds. Here in the camp, I was provided with new clothes.” U.N. Headquarters Places Atrocity Killings at 6.000 TOKYO, (/P) — Allied head quarters said Tuesday there is “considerable evidence” that / about 6,000 American soldiers died in Red atrocity killings, al though bodies of only 365 have been recovered. The statement from Gen. Mat thew B. Ridgway’s headquarters made no mention on communist countercharges of Allied atroci ties. Each side accused the other of atrocities in Korea while the Pan munjom circus-tent truce talks' were in a one-day recess asked by the communists. The Reds wanted time to study a United Nations proposal for a tentative cease-fire. General headquarters of the U.N. command made it clear the report of wholesale Red atrocities issued last week by Col. James M. Hanley did not involve an in crease in the known American dead in the Korean war. There were two notable dif ferences between the GHQ report and Hanley’s. The headquarters’ figure of 6,000 was nearly 500 * above Hanley’s. The colonel listed his total as definitely at rocity victims. GHQ said “neither the fact nor manner of death” of all has been established. “Of the 10,836 persons (Ameri cans) still carried as missing in action,” the report said, “there is no conclusive proof as to the num , ber of dead, though there is con siderable evidence to justify pre sumption of death by atrocity of a large number which may ap proximate 6,000.” 20-Year-Old WAC Sgt. Imprisoned On Assault And Battery Conviction SAN LORENZO, Calif., (/P)—A lather said today the army vio lated “at least a moral obliga tion” by failing to notify him his daughter, a 20-year-old WAC, was imprisoned and convicted in a Camp Breckenridge, Ky., as sault case. “It’s a hell of a shock to have a newspaper reporter call you six weeks after it has happened and tell you your daughter is on the way to prison,” declared the father, Maritime Service Lt. John R. Morton, in a telephone call to the Associated Press. The army announced Saturday Sgt. Grace L. Morton and five other WAC sergeants were con victed November 8 of assault and battery and ordered dishonor ably discharged, and later ordered to the federal reformatory at Al derson, W. Va. The case involved the October 4 beating of another WAC, but Morton said he knew nothing of the case until a reporter called him last Saturday. Vandenberg Says Red China Now A Major Air Power WASHINGTON, (/P) — Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg said today the Allies' “complete air superiority over Korea is now being serious ly challenged by the MIGs but so far the situation is in hand.” The Air Force chief of staff told a long and grim news con ference that possible “serious po tentials” exist. Among these he listed the fact that “overnight China has become one of the major air powers of the world.” Vandenberg added that the Pei ping regime obviously has at tained that status “as the direct beneficiary of another power possessing the essential industrial and technical resources that Com munist China itself lacks.” Vandenberg, just back from the Korean war front, also said: “Under the ground rules estab lished at the outset of the Ko rean war, it is impossible for us to gain air supremacy” because “for reasons that we all under stand, we have followed a policy erf not attacking the strongholds of enemy air power directly ac ross the Yalu” river in Manchuria. 50 Million To View TV Thanksgiving Movie On New Basic Theme HOLLYWOOD, UP)—More than 50,000,000 people will see a Thanksgiving television movie that departs from the usual de piction of the holiday. There will be no Pilgrims, tur keys or Indians in “That I May See.” Instead the film will be about the crucifixion and resur rection, more commonly associ ated with the Easter holidays. The basic theme of the movie, however, stresses man’s reasons for “being thankful to God.” Every television station and network in the country has sched uled at least one showing of the film during the Thanksgiving sea son. Truman Makes ‘“Give ’em Hell” Campaign Talk WASHINGTON, (/P)—President Truman, in a speech reminiscent of his 1948 “give ’em hell” style, declared last night that the Demo crats won’t take lying down the “lies and smears” he said he an ticipates from Republicans and “special interests” in the 1952 presidential campaign. Mr. Truman told an audience of party members here, he thinks more money will be spent “in trying to defeat the Democratic party next year than has ever before been spent in any election in the history of the country.” His declaration that “the truth and the facts are on our side,” brought a retort from Senator Taft that “President Truman cer tainly should get the prize for political effrontery” for his speech. Guy C. Gabrielson, chairman of the Republican National Commit tee, said Mr. Truman had “a flash of realism” when he said “a mis take in a presidential election can cause the country untold harm.” Taft, an avowed candidate for his party’s presidential nomina tion, said in a statement in Cin cinnati that “It is the Truman party which is the beneficiary of the money of special interests and of millions of dollars erf 4he tax payers’ money used for political propaganda . . .” “The head of an administration which has cordoned communism, immorality and corruption and does not even bother to deny the proven charges, talks of the great moral position of his administra tion in the world,” Taft con tinued. The President left up in the air the question whether he will run •again. But he seemed to indicate that if he doesn’t, he fully ex pects to have the determining voice in naming the Democratic nominee. Tone Asserts Neal Broke Up His Marriage LOS ANGELES, (/P) — What caused the ruin of his seven-week marriage to Barbara Payton, says Franchot Tone, was the re-entry into her life of Tom Neal, her beautiful-bodies ex-suitor. “She wouldn’t forget him,” Tone told newsmen yesterday. They had several quarrels about Neal, he said. When Bar bara informed him she planned to co-star in a movie with the handsome young actor, he decided he was through, Tone said. He filed suit for divorce yes terday, charging “extreme mental cruelty.” Arab-Israeli Differences Remain Unresolved PARIS, (JP) — The United Nations Palestine conciliation commission annuonced today its failure to settle Arab-Israeli dif ferences. The commission said it had called off the fruitless talks be gun here Aug. 10 because neither party showed willingness to make concessions. CHAMBER PROTESTS CONTINUED DELAY IN NOME APPOINTMENTS Protest were send to Washing ton yesterday by the Chamber of Commerce concerning the con tinued delay in announcing the appointment of a district judge for the Second Division. The pro test called attention to the fact 4hat many important matters were before the court, which should be taken care of before the first of the year, including the granting of liquor licenses for all local establishments, without which these businesses cannot op erate. A sharp letter was also sent to the he'ad of the Department of Public Health concerning the con tinued absence of a public health nurse. Due to the pending departure of Miss Eileen Uttech of the De partment of Public Welfare, a communication was sent to the head of that department urging that a replacement be made avail able immediately so that the work in this division will not be in terrupted and disrupted when it has gotten so well organized un der the leadership of Miss Ut tech. \ U.S. Casualties In Korean War Top 100,000 Mark WASHINGTON, (/P)—Announ ced U.S. battle casualties in Ko rea reached 100,176 today. The Defense Department’s weekly summary, reporting an in crease of 950 since last week, sent the total over the 100,000 mark. By comparison, U.S. combat cas ualties in the first year of this country’s participation in World War II were 59,000. Of the 950 new battle casualties reported today, 150 were killed outright in action;- 762 were wounded, and 38 are missing. • On Nov. 9 the army estimated total enemy casualties in Korea through Oct. 31 at 1,442,844. The summary said the latest total of United Nations casualties was 313,711. Strike Threatens To Stop Work At Laboratory Processing Blood Plasma WASHINGTON, (ff) — Media tors early Tuesday, reached an agreement which they hope will halt a strike threatening to pinch off the flow of life-giving blood plasma to the armed forces. Terms of the agreement still must be approved by members of the CIO-United Chemical Work ers Union, who had threatened to quit work at the Sharp and Dohme blood processing plant in West Point, Pa. Terms were not announced by exhausted mediators, who met for 16 straight hours trying to work out a solution. The threat to the already in adequate supply of blood plasmn alarmed officials. Some said here if the strike developed, it would shut off about one quarter of the flow of blood plasma to the j armed forces. Red Cease-Fire Plan Parallels U.N. Proposal MUNSAN, Korea, (/P) — Truce hopes brightened today when communist negotiators submitted a cease-fire plan of their own that could open the way for a Korean armistice by Christmas. It was similar to a United Na tions plan for creating a buffer zone along the present fighting line, to take effect if an armistice is signed within 30 days. A. U.N. Command communique referred to the resemblance as superficial. But the command’s official spokesman, Brig. Gen. William P. Nuchols, said if the Red plan “means what we think it means . . . 'ien I think we are very close to solution” of the buffer zone question. The point in doubt was whether the communist proposal means “that troops will be withdrawn from the buffer zone after an armistice is signed” as the U.N. has proposed. U.S. C47 Lost Over Hungary BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, (P)— Hungary and Romania complain ed officially today that a United States Army cargo plane — still missing after being fired on by the satellite border guards Mon day—crossed over their territories illegally. Notes were presented to the American missions in Budapest and Bucharest, even as U. S. planes prepared to search over Yugoslavia for the missing C-47 transport, which disappeared Monday with four crewmen and diplomatic cargo aboard. The notes were presented after American inquiries were made concerning the whereabouts of the plane, whose pilot had radioed his base at Munich Monday after noon that he had been fired upon by the border patrols of the two countries and had turned back westward. The plane, carrying a general cargo for the embassy here, was last reported somewhere north of Belgrade at dusk Monday, with its gasoline running low. Premier Marshal Tito’s govern ment gave search planes permis sion to fly over the northwest part of Yugoslavia, an area pre viously forbidden to foreign planes. 1 " ■ .. 11 . ■ ■ » KOREAN SITUATION SEOUL, Korea, (JP) — United Nations forces today threw back the Reds’ strongest attempt to halt an Allied line-straightening drive on the central Korean front. The U.N. push has gained nearly five miles since Saturday. The Republic of Korea Sixth Division stopped counterattacks by elements of two Red battalions. The South Koreans had the sup port of a tremendous artillery barrage. On the eastern front United Nations soldiers repulsed a Red attack northwest of the punch bowl after a five and a half hour fight.'