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The Nome nugget. [volume] (Nome, Alaska) 1938-????, December 27, 1961, Image 2

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THE NOME NUGGET
Published Monday, Wednesday and Friday by the
NOME PUBLISHING CO.
NOME, ALASKA
Telephone 443 - 2381 $1.50 PER MONTH
P. O. Box 810 $16.00 A YEAR
E. P. BOUCHER .. Managing Editor
CLINTON GRAY .—.. Production Manager
Sntered as second clam matter October 14, 1943, at the
poet office at Nome, Alaska, under Act of March 3, 1879.
I Report Cuba Has
Built Underground
Missile Launching Pad
TAMPA, Fla. (Jfi — A Cuban
refugee says Fidel Castro’s gov
ernment has built an underground
missile launching pad with the
aid of Iron Curtain country ex
perts.
Robert Marrero, who fled Ha
vana recently, said in an interview
Monday the launching site in
Pinar Del Rio Province is heavily
guarded by militiamen who re
cently completed a 80-day missile
training course by Soviet and
Gaech technicians.
Marrero said before he left
Cuba he heard of militia and guer
rilla fighting in the Escambray
Mountains, reports of which had
reached the mainland earlier.
SHOULD BE PENALIZED
WASHINGTON W — Rep.
Frank Thompson, Jr., O-NJ.),
says airlines which delay flights
should be penalized even as they
are penalizing passengers who re
serve seats and then don’t show
up.
In a news letter to constituents
lie said: "Why don’t we have the
airlines pay a $5-an-hour fine for
Sen. Scott Says Allies
Should Have Knocked
Berlin Wall Down
WASHINGTON UF> — Sen.
Hugh Scott, (R-Pa.), says he was
told by some defected East Ger
man police that they had orders
to withdraw of the Allies moved
in to smash the Berlin wall.
Scott, back from four weeks
in Western Europe, said in an in
terview recorded for radio and
television stations in Pennsyl
vania that the Western powers
could have and should have
“knocked the wall down.”
He said he interviewed some of
the East German military police
who defected to the West.
“We learned from them in di
rect questioning that had we
moved in to smash the wall down,
their orders were to withdraw
and not to fire unless we fired on
government buildings,” Scott said.
“And I also happen to know
that only one out of four of these
soldiers had bullets in his gun,
and therefore, we could have
done it.”
India Statesman Expresses
Disapproval of Invasion of Goa
MADRAS, India UR — One of
.India’s elder statesmen has ex
pressed strong disapproval of In
dia’s invasion of Goa and asserted
his country has “totally lost the
moral power to raise her voice
against the use of military power.”
Chakravarti Rajagojalachari, 82,
former governor-general who
broke with Prime (Minister Nehru’s
Congress party two years ago to
found the right-wing Freedom
party, voiced his criticism in the
weekly Swarajya, the English
language magazine that supports
the Freedom party.
Only 10 per cent of Americans
now shine their own shoes, ac
cording to a survey by a shoe
polish firm.
Wlp
years ago, the houses of
in noblemen contained
rooms"— so called be
their Spring-like warmth,
on coldest days! The rooms
were heated by fires kindled un
der the hollow floors I
"i
The American Way
Who Were These Men ?
By Willis E. Stone
(Editor's Note: Willis E. Stone is author of the "Proposed Liberty
Amendment" and Chairman. National Committee for Economic
Freedom, Loa Angeles. Calif.)
-
rIOSE WHO BELIEVE in American principles and stand solidly
for our constitutional rights to private property and enterprise
seem to invite persecution. One might well wonder that our insti
tutions of freedom have managed to survive at all.
Remember Gen. Billy Mitchell? He was court martialed for
daring to advocate air power. The same clan that did this now
clamors for a few billion tax dollars for a flight to the moon.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur was fired for wanting to win the
Korean War against Communists. General Edwin Walker was fired
for training his men to fight Communism in Europe, while the De
fense Department at home trained Communists in the use of our
best jet military aircraft.
Are these inconsistencies? Apparently not. It is not the rulers,
but the people who love freedom and have somehow brought it
about and, in a fashion, sustained it thus far in America.
It has always been so. History tells us it was petty jealousies
that put Paul Jones ashore In Fiance during the Revolutionary War
and deprived him of a ship. When a ship was arranged, by Benjamin
Franklin, he contributed mightily toward victory and independence.
The most amazing inconsistency of history is that once a
groups of men, with a nation in their grasp, set aside the lust for
power and at fantastic personal risk spoke out for American style
freedom in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and
the Bill of {Rights.
Have you ever wondered what breed of men were these who
so completely reversed history and gave us our freedoms? Our his
tory (books skip over the signers of the Declaration of Independence
with scarcely more than passing notice. Each signer knew in ad
vance that he was signing his own death warrant if he were caught
by the British or their cause failed. Yet they signed, and pledged
their lives, their fortunes and their honor. Best of all—they kept
their pledges.
Who were these men? Twenty-four of the fifty-six were
lawyers and jurists. Eleven were merchants, nine were fanners
and plantation owners. They were all in positions of financial
security and moderately well educated, yet they put their lives,
property, position and honor in jeopardy because they loved free
dom more.
five of the signers were captured by the British and tortured..1
before they died.
Francis Lewis saw his home and properties destroyed and
his wife captured. She died later. ■
John Hart and his 13 children escaped when th? British
sacked his home. His sick wife did not escape, and died. The chil
dren were scattered and vanished, and John Hart died of a broken
heart in 1780.
Philip Livingstone and Lewis Morris had their estates and
properties laid to waste, and never recovered their properties.
Braxton Carter saw his fleet of ships swept from the seas,;*.'
and died a bankrupt. <
Thomas McKean served the Continental Congress without
-pay, and lost all his possessions to the enemy.
The properties of Ellery, Clymer, Middleton, Rutledge, Hall,
Gwinnett, Hayward and Walton were looted.
At the Battle of Yorktown, British General Cornwallis made
his headquarters in the home of Thomas Nelson, Jr. Observing this,
Nelson requested General Washington to fire upon his home, and |
it was destroyed. . . ^
This is the price they paid for freedom. Dare we do. less?
They believed freedom to be worth the sacrifice. We know it was
and is. Then why do we not give new vitality and force to the free
doms they gave us? We can, if we will, by applying the tenns of
the LIBERTY AMENDMENT pending in Congress as H. J. Res. 23.
It has already been approved by Wyoming, Texas, Nevada and
Louisiana, it provides that:
"Sac. 1. The Government of the United States shall not
engage In any business, professional, commercial, financial or in
dustrial enterprise &c’ipt as specified in the
"See. 4. shall net levy
incomes, estates.
Alaska Employers
To Get Bill for
Workman’s Comp
JUNEAU UP) — Alaskan em
ployers are going to get a Janu- \
ary bill for 1961 federal unem
ployment compensation taxes
amounting to .55 per cent of the
first $3,000 of each employe's an
nual pay.
That is j26 per cent more than
the state’s employers paid last
January on wages earned by their
employes in I960.
In addition to these federal
taxes, each Alaska employer will
be required to pay state unem
ployment compensation taxes
ranging from 1.5 to 4.0 per cent
on a taxable wage base of $7,200,
Two things account for the in- j
crease in the federal unemploy
ment compensation tax bite for
1961.
First, 1961 was the first year
for one-tenth of 1 per cent in
crease in the normal federal un
employment comp tax (FUTA),
bringing the tax to .4 per cent,
on the first $3,000 of income for
each employe.
Secondly, 1961 is the first year
in which Alaska employers must
start repaying an $8,765,000 loan
from the Federal Reed Fund. The
rate for the first year of repay
ment is .15 per cent on the first
$3,000 of income for each em
ploye.
Federal unemployment com
pensation taxes will jump to 1.1
per cent for the 1962 calendar
year, payable by employers in
January of 1963.
This amount breaks down in
the following manner:
Normal FUTA taxes will be .4
per cent, Reed Fund repayment
taxes will double, jumping to .3.
In addition, employers will have
to come through with .4 per cent
on a $3,000 wage base of fi
nance the 1961 federal temporary
extension unemployment com
pensation program (TEC).
Ibis latter program extends
the number of benefit weeks by
50 per cent for those claimants
who have exhausted benefits un
der the state program.
In 1963, FUTA taxes and the
TEC tax remain the same. The
Reed Fund repayment tax jumps
to .45 per cent and the first re
payment taxes for the 1958 fed
eral temporary unemployment
compensation program (TUC), .
which cost Alaska employers
$938,000, will be collected.
These taxes, payable in Janu
ary, 1964, will amount to a total,
then, of 1.40 per cent on a wage
base of $3,000. .
In 1964, total federal unemploy
ment compensation taxes drop .1
per cent, to <1.3 per cent on a
$3,000 wage base.
This 1.3 per cent in taxes breaks
down into .4 for FUTA taxes, .9
per cent for Reed Fund repay
ment taxes and J per cent for
TUC. TEC ta.ies end with 1963,
unless the program is extended.
Reed Fund repayment taxes
will jump .15 par cent each year
until the $8,765,000 has been re
paid. TUC taxes will also jump .15
per cent a year until that $936,000
obligation has been met
On the ba$i« of federal unem
ployment compensation taxes col
lected in Alaska during fiscal
1960, approximately $200,000 a
year will be collected from each
-15 in taxes, on a $3,000 wage
base.
This means that the Reed Fund
debt probably will not be satis
fied until the 1968 or 1969 tax
year. ’•/
The TUC obligation will prob
ably be satisfied in 1968, pos
sibly in 1962.
Benjamin Franklin, that genius
of all trades, was the first to urge
U.S. fanners to grow soybeans,
which he had seen in Europe. Few
paid any attention to him then,
but today soybeans are the fifth
most valuable American crop.

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