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W ESTE I EJMGMa
FRIG $2 PER TEAR In Advancn.
A FAMILY PAPERDEVOTED TO POLITICS, LITERATURE, AGRICULTURE, MANUFACTURES, MINING, AND HEWS.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY. J
5 RIFCS 31. HEREON, Publisher.
Tfu'ti- -..jm.- tu.i : w fl w fftSSSJ)
"CJp taf?s JHsttad m Ik Soilfoin, but cne ns. tfrr fro."
ROBERT P. WARING, Editor.
14'MMj t)'i: . ,ljt
CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 7, 1854.
B taE kaanBao mm lanBBB mmW BESs BBS jUi aaaaai mm
SBasinrss (Barb &r.
So IF. 'WAS 2 IMG,
1tlorney al I. air.
Offi.ce in Loncrans Brick BuiUtr.g, 2nd Jloor.
tHARLOTTK, W. C.
BBETT A ROBSON,
FACTORS & COMMISSION MERGHANTS,
iWs. 1 ait' 2 AtlaMtic Wluitf,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
tW Liberal advanc. s n.a c on Consignments.
U" Socriil attention jjiva In the mjf of Flour, Corn,
A.C . and from o r 1 njr expi-ri'-nce in the bWMMM, wc
feel tlllMl Ut of t'iMiij s.iti!ucion.
March 17, 1854. 31-Km
Dry Goods in Charleston, So. Ca.
IMPORTERS OF DRY COOPS,
Nos. 209 and 211 Kiri street, corner of Market Street.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Flaaftatioa Wnafemn, Steak ts, &c, C irptins and
Curtain Material. Silka 'mil IT i -i Dr ; Goti, Cloak,
M iiilill is and Sh iwl
T rm Cash. One Price Only'
Mtr.h 17, Ir". 1
34 1 v
RANKIN, PULLIAM & CO.,
Importers and Wholesalf Dealers in
forkion ami Doacaric staple and fancy
M. 131 MKKTIiCG STBKRT,
sept 99, 5.i I y CI I A RLESTON, S. C.
M i i:ii!.tclnrrs :irl I alt ffl in
PANAMA, LEGHORN, PUR. SILK 6l WOOLj
PPpnsiTK CB K 1. 1--"l i 'N HOTKL,
ep- J3, 'S3 1 y CHA RLESTt )N, S. C.
U. A. Cohk.n. ' LBOPrM COBX.
N. A. COHEN & CCHN,
ijiFKTBafl ano acALKaa in
FOREIGN A.'l DOMESTIC DRY GOODS,
No. 17 EAST BAY,
(10 1 y.) CH VRLESTON, S. C.
WiRBLIW, WALKER Ai. BVRXS1DE,
AND L i ) M 11 I.NMIO.N M KliCIlANTS,
IKHmi ATLANTIC WIfAKF.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
fj- CaaMaawao for Belling Cutiuu Fifty cents per Bale.
S'-pt 1853. 10-ly.
RAlSn-ST G ri A3NT0 STOPS.
MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS.
tttj? NUNK3 & l u - a raieat
Diagonal tiiand I l.M);
Hsllet lais Ik Co.'s Patent
Sasnennten Bridxe PIAA'OS:
( bickerings, Travers'and
other best makers' Pianos, at
tii- Factory Pric
Columbia, & C, S:pt. 2, 1 853
1 Q J J -!: zif J J jiJ-
AT l"ORNEY AT LAW,
"ILL practirp in Meekientrarg aedtt.e aitoimng
counties in.! prosecute tfouniy uami aim i-hhsioii
Claims. Ollire in iohnstoti s biscW buuilui", between
Kerr"s Hotel and the Post Ufice, up stairs.
March is, isr.T. 35 ly
BY JENNINGS B. KERR.
I httrtotic, -V. C
January 28, im. 2'f
IHrif. A. W. WBEALAIV,
(Rcsaiaaca, on Mam Street, 'I doois south of Sadler's
CHARLOTTE N. C.
217" Proses eat and made by the celebrated A. B.C.
method, and warranted to tit. Orders solicited and
promptly attended to.
BAILIE & LV1IULKT,
219 KIM. STRF.KT,
CHARLESTON. S. C,
IMPORTERS & DEALERS in Royal Velvet, Tapes-
1 try, Brussels, t hree plv, ingrain and Venetian
CARPETINGS; India. Kush and panish .MATTINGS,
Kus, Poor Mat, fcr. tse.
LonS Lawns, Towels. Napkins, Doyl.as. fee.
Ar. extensive assortment oi Window r CURTAINS,
COKNK KS tie., Ac
CUT" .Merchants will do well to examine our stock
before purchasing elsewhere.
Sett. -23, 1853 10-ly
The American Hotel,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
I BECi io announce to mj iri.i.ds, the public, nd pre.
.-ni patrons of the Wn lloU l, iu.it 1 have IcMed the ;
ime lor a term of years from Um lt mt J.inuiry next, j
Atler whi.ii lime, the entire property will be thorough- (
ly repaired and renovated, and the house k. :t M hrst i
las, ,ivi-. Tn.. H...I linear Ha IK put, and pit !
tf annexed, rendering it a dasbaMs b.,u.e for t:avei.V j
ud ta n i lit B.
Dec 16. 1S53. 22l C.M.RAY. f
Baltimore Piani Forte MaiiuSactury.
I J. WISE ft BROTHER, Man
inu:';icturer ot H.mdoir i
i - i j . i . i , . . . .... . . .
ao -ouire I i..rv in so wis-hniir a
goad and substantial Pi.u.o ih.it u .ll Hst ait Hr,d a
tair price, may rely on getting such ley addressing the
Manufacturer, by mail or otherwise. We havs the
honor of serving and referring to Ihe first families in I be
Stale. In no cane is disappointment sutF r..lle. The
Manufacturers, also, refer to a host of their fcUow citi.
km. j. J. WISE BROTHER,
Feb 3, iS5t 2s.f, Baltimore. Md.
II IU il A. NII ARP,
AUCTIOXEE1IS and COM MISSION MERCHANTS,
ceunttu, s. c.,
T "ILL attend to the sale of all kinds of Merchandise,
Produce, Ate. Also, Real and Personal Property.
Or purchase and sell Slaves, tc, on Commission.
Salic 11 km No. 12 i Riehardsou street, and imme
diately opposite the United States Hotel.
Feb 3, ISil ruos. u. mucu. j. .m. e. siiakp.
Livery and Salc3 Stable,
BY 8. B. Hili,
I Ihes'ino :orineriv ic.uui.il L. ii !
iiail..f . Uwni led. hired mid m
aid. ; 1 . c-
ol" lil- f. lends
C ui:ti ilia!
vers-. T io
and tie j.uiJiic giatna
February 17, 1-j J.
Am nt of lUount roaocatnpctl. I Peruvian Gnano for Wheal.
The following is nn extract of a letter from the ' Having promised you that I would furnish jou
Hon. Gerard Noel, M. P., dated Mexico, January i with the result of my application of the twenty
2d, 1654, and descrying his successful attempt ! one tuns of guano which 1 purchased of you last
to ascend Popocatepetl, in the d' pth of winter: j winter. I proceed now to do so, and give you fuH
" I returned yesterday frc m an expedition to liberty to quote my experience in favor of that
Popocatepetl, the highest mountain in North j most invaluable manuie, to all w ho are anxious
menca, 17,700 feet above the level of the sea. to profit by the experience of others without m
i believe there is no record before of an ascent j curring any risk of their own. My object, and
at this sea n of the veur, although it has been it should be that of every one who has used gu-
frtquentlv done n May and June. The first night
of our ascent wc slept at a hut at the line where
vegetation ceases, and perpetual snow com men-
r-. s- .-nirl r n mmrier oust five next nnrDHiff. we
started for the sum mit, one of the guides leading,
At ei"ht o'clock I found myself 100 yards ahead
of the' rest of the party, (consisting of four) at 9
out ol signt of the party altogether, ar.J at eleven
o'clock I reached ihe crater. The crater is a vast
Insin, three miles in circumference, and 900 feet
deep: in some parts perpendicular, in others
great masses of projecting rock form bold and ' resolved to see what "ould be the effect. 1 am
sinpendoOS outlines, with enormous icicles hang- j confident the field would not have averaged, with
ing from every point. The volcano itself has j out the top-dressing, seven bushels per acre it
long ceased to show any signs of eruption. I be- ' yielded rather over thirteen bushels, besides secu
1 an to h'el very much numbed with cold, and my
eyes sufTen d a good deal from the glare of the
snow. 1 should h ive been very glad of some
thing to eat, having had nothing but a cup of cof
fee and a biscuit before leaving the hut, but the
o;;ide who carried the breakfast had remained
! (the ruffian!) with the others who had not come
i up. Having examined the cra'er for about a
quarter of an hour, I I old the guide who bad per
; Mrprrtl with roe to lead the way up (o the top.
, The fellow declared it was impossible, but not in
; tending as o'i may imagine, to give it up. (hav
ing come so far) wnhoui any push. I started for
wis now able to t;.ke only three
j steps i.t a lime without stopping, as my lr-g? be
i t:.m to give away, and I had oppression l the
j bead and chest. A little after I P. M.. I reach, d
i the top, and enjoyed one of the fin's; vie,s e0
eivatde of the great valley of .Mexico, atid look
j inir down on the twin volcano (1 forget 'be Mex
t lean naase, i-ut in ri.iigi:sh it m ans ihe lute
' f.a', frorn its top resembling a woman lying at
j lull length,) seemingly miles be low me, 1 1 aetu-
I ally only shout 2000 leet. The co!d was too in-
t n?e for ni" to remain more than ten minutes at
the top, and 1 commenced the descent to the cra
i ij.. ,. , i i
in, l UII nun- 111 III! Mill I .1 Ml H il B II f IIH 'II
in clouds, and I could see nothing distinctly, so I i
J commenced a fun her descent, and in n few mo- j
: men! came in sight of the pole of Mr. S , j
; (one id my compngnotis ic vorfts:r.) and soon j
, iMer himself, lying down, black in the face, and
wishing to be 1 t alone to die. A little lower
j down I saw Mr. C (', rolling about like a j
; drunken man. but still, with undoubted pluck, !
' struggling towards ihe summi si i the rate of about j
a yard in three minutes. Howe ver, aft-r a little
rest and encouragement, they both rallied, and I j
ri turned w ith tie m to the cr ter,
but no human j
elf rt could get them any higher. I attribute my
, bMliy a-,!e to reach the top to my wind ; I never
felt want of breath at any lime, while the others!
blew like porpoises. In eur descent from the
crater we encountered the only real danger.
At first the snow was good walking, but as we
came lower, where the sun makes a sheet of ice (
. "av oi nn- im.w, i. ircinr ihi Kiippery
ui.it we in ipiemiy iom our looung, anu u niter a
a slip, you get o much impetus that you can't
sop ynurseii, ine certainty is mat v 1 1 arrive at
the Iniitom in much the same condition as the man
. i . i . . . .
who jumped off the monument. At one :ime al
most gave myself up. However, no accident did
happen, though it makes me creep to think of the
slide I took. At 5 P. M., with mv hands cut to
bits, my nails worn to the quick with holding on,
I reached the hut, and there got my breakfast,
" J I. i r
e.-iu io iuiuk it was over, as Hungry as lo-.irieen
h. urs' abstinence and battling with 17.000 feet
of mount nn snow and ice could make me. One
of my eyes is completely 'bunged up,' the other
I just enables me to write this. Mv face is a mass
I of raw (lesh and blisters : but I have ihe satisfac
) tion of having perched upon a higher mountain
than exists in Europe, and chmbed 2500 fee!
i nearer to heaven than Albert Smith.'
pROB.vnr.r. Est a blishkbivt of the Mexican
Empiss. We extract the following from lli3 New
Orleans Bee z
Intelligent observers who understand the char-
:r ( ant; A:r- rlorm us ,hatno doub:
whatever exists of his design to assume imperial
digiuly as soon as he can collect ihe necessary
fu uds and organize a sufficient force to overcome
resistance. We have good authority for affirming j
that Senor Aloe ha, w he arrived here by the TrxJ, 1
and left on Sunday for Washington, is ch ir' d
..h ' - : . . . ' ., . 1
twi.,, .ii. ... uwa nun iiiiokiu iu i iiis'u.e, I lie JUCAl
cat, minister, the purport of which is .hat he is !
to spare no effort to secure the early ratification of
n" -'"iscen ireaiy, ana mat lor Mm purpose he
is vested with full authority to agree Io any modi,
ticutions that n.av be proposed, wit bout losing
jmj . conslJJ, ,'ie hOtVM, ,,(vernment. ShouM
. ., c . . .
,,,W tr,'!,r , P" ,be S' "'"' Almoille is required
'" "':" ly io transmit one million of dollars of
tne amount Io h" paid by the United States t()
fnor Rafael Ritvl, Mexican consul at New
Voik, who, supplied with this large sum, will
embark forthwith for Sp.in. His mission will be
to engage compett nt siaff of experienced efii-
I errs ior uie ..r-.ivan n ji , ti laiinr nr noil por
. i- .u.. :......... ,i c .i..
tion of i: which ) under the eye of and devoted
to Santa Anna. The latter hones that when the i
ii , - . ., . ,
nine nnuii arrive nr in;o o o u ine imperial pur- ;
pi-, bis pretorian guards W'H be so ihoronghl v !
I disciplined bj their Spanish commanders as easily
j to pui down any attempts off the ciiiz- iii to inter
j lere with th; execution ol his pioj' Cts.
' We give these statements without, of course
vouching for their accuracy, thoug? we repeat
that ihey emanate from well-informed, sagaeias, j
and coo! obaerver. If they- be founded in truth.-1
we shall doubtless be apprised of the departure oft
Senor Rafael Rafael, sum nfier tfie ratification of
the Ciadsden treaty. If by ar.v chance that treaty I
should be rejected, Santa Anna's ambi i.ius asp.'- '
rations would be cruelly nipped in the bud."
S;mta Ar. na, it is kai l, will not himself assume
he ihle of Emperor j but as be :.jS already the '
ngh; of appnitataajt :i sttceess. r, atrd having no
male heir, he has designated as lhat succesSer
Auguiiue Iturbi ic.
i ano, is to extend the knowledge ol Us great valu
; to uny owner of poor
soil, liko the
plantations ol ISorth Carolina. 1 applied twenty
! tuns of this cuano as a top-dressing to a field of
'two hundred acres, which had been seeded in.
w heal under most unfavorable circumstances. At
! the time of application, so unp ron.is.ng was the
: appearance oi ine growing wneai, in. a my man
! ager and myself thought it almost a wasto of mo
ney and labor to try this experiment ; but ti3 the
rest of my crop did not require any manure, I
ring a full setting of clover.
My mode of application was as follows: To
each 200 lbs. of guano I added 2 bushels of ashes
and a bushel of plaster mixed intimately, and
then sown broadcast, at the rate of six and a ball
bushels per acre, harrowed in with a light harrow.
This application was made in March, and the
early part of April, and in less than three weeks
af'or the application, the wheat had undergone an
entire change, from a yellow, sickly color, to a
dark luxuriant green. The application hud evi
dently infust d new life and vigor into the plants,
ami, as the result proved, very nearly or quite
doubled its product. So much for the crop of
wheat; but what was still more valuable to me,
in mv system ol tanning, it line wise secured lor
in-- a lull crop of clover, which would certainly
have failed but for this application. I applied one
tun of this guano, mixed in the same way, to a
srmill field of oats. I plowed this under with a
smail plow, together with the oats ; the result was
equally gratifying. My chief object in this last
experiment was to secure me a small field of clo
ver le'nr my stables, und in this I fully succeeded,
which I feel assured I should not have done but
for the guano. My brother and myself have
made various experiments of late years with gu
ano, and concur in the testimony of all these who
have tested its value, can fully and judiciously, in
pronouncing it to be the niot expeditious renova
tor of the soil within the farmer's reach; and ex
clusive of the larm yard, the most economical of
all manures. In proof of my conviction of its
value to me, I shall this fall give you an order for
twenty or thirty tuns more. 1 will only add that
I onsider every w heat grower w ho would study
bis own interest, will find it by trying similar ex
periments. J. P illock JJikgw yn.
Since writing ihe above, Mr. B. has been in this
! ritv. and in conversation wi h him he tMu-H a f.ei
which makes this point much stronger. After or-
dering the guano, he left home, giving his farm
manager orders lo -apply it to that particular piece
pf wheat as soon as it ariived. Owing to the fact
that the seed was injured that the land was in h
v,,rv unfit condition, from noveriv and drouth tn
: produce a crop ol wheat, it had assumed such a
; miserable appearance before t'-e arrival of the
. jjuano, that the manarer wrote to Mr. I. his rmm-
. . "
ion of the utter folly of applying anything so ex
pensive to a crop already struck with death. Not
imagining how very unpromising was the prospect
of success, Mr. B. immediately wrote to him to
do as directed. Before the application was com
pleted, he returned home, and his first imnression
was to step the work at once, and give up the field
!1S lost : hut on examining the effect upon that
.' & I
pari where the guano was first applied, he found
it had already infused new vigor into the plants, i
for they had put oT their sickly yellow color,
and taken on a vigorous green ; and, therefore,
he decided at once to go on, which, as will be
seen by the result, was a most valuable decision.
From personal knowledge of this very field, we
are confident it would not have yielded, without
ihe guano, one-hall of seven bushels. It is a flal
surface, clayey loam, and badly affected by ihe
winter rains, and such freezing and thawing as it
had during the last severe w inter. Besides, a few
years since, w hen it came inio the possession of
Mr. Burgwyn, it was one of those old worn out,
skinned-to-deaih places, so common in that State,
which all ihe deep plowing and good farming of
that gentleman had not been able to restore, until
he luckily hit upon guano ; which, notwithstand
ing the most unfavorable circumstances, has giwn
l- ' ' , c.rcumstan -es,
hm co"c,US1 Pro' mfslimable vt
say nothing of the ten bushels of wheat per acre. !
which we are confident he sained, the clover is
l i i , . .
wtw,B.roore a" g'no cost ; and wilhout it, j
one might almost as soon expect to grow clover
upon Coney Island beach, as upon that field.
This letter contains tesiimony of value, as it
comes from a gentleman of intelligence and care
ful observation, who is devoted to his profession
oi a farmer, and who has been one of the most
successful renovators of worn out plantations in
the South. Azricidfot .
Cons for the C union. Which travels at the
greatest speed, heat or cold ? Heat ; Because you
can easily catch cold.
W lien does a judge contemplate employing
roffiH s ? When he Likes them on trial.
, K.",a a m:,n 00 womp llke b, st f u '
W'l. .. I j . r i ... . ....
W hat is the fesi government?
teaches us to govern ours. Ives.
Why is an individual asking questions ihesfran
gestofall individuals? Why because he's the
If a building were seen in flames, what three
literary men's name? would form a suitable ex
clamation from a spectator! Dickens, How it I,
P. etkv axd Pkose. One day in spring, Sir
Walter and Lady Scott strolled forth Io enjoy a
walk around A bbottsford. In their wanderings
they cross d a field where a number of ewes were
end. .ring the frolic ol iheir Iambi. "Ah!" ex-
ciaioi .i ;..- alter, us nn wooder mat
from the earnest ages, hive mat
mbtean of pence and innocence.
ihe lamb :h-
Th v are
ed, delightful littfe Sttintala." returned ber
u V si
specially wi:h mitit suuec."
From the Richmond Enquirer.
The Politii al Priesthood.
The Richmond Christian Advocate administers
a just though severe rebuke to the political priest
hood of New Er.glnnd. In 'ntruducing an extract
from the able article in the Advocate, we cannot
forbear an expression of gratification at the manly
find patriotic stand w hich the Methodists of the
South have assumed and maintain in the contro
versy between Northern fanaticism and Southern
slavery. Rather than yield one jot of Southern
j Rulits or submit to any imputation on the oouinern
character, the Methodists of the Smith choose to
rend asunder that vast and powerful organization
j which held the first place among the religious
. communities of the country, and which, ty us ze.n
and energy, had won a noble position in the van
guard of American civilization and Christianity.
Since the division in their Church, the Methodist
Ministry in the South have been conspicuous for
their devotion to the rights of the South. The
Advocate makes the follow ing criticism on the re
monstance of the New England clergy against the
Nebraska bill :
This is a sad affair, not for the country, but for
Christianity, so shamefully outraged in the "House
of its friends.' Professionally we cannot be sup
posed to feel indifferently towards the ministerial
character. When in their place engaged in their
appropriate work, no class of men in the country
is more highly esteemed than ministers of the
gospel. But when they turn aside from their holy
employments, and descend into ihe arena of party
political strife, they defile their mission, and lay
their honor in the dust. Instead of "washing their
hands in innocency" they soil them with worldly
filth, and stain tlem with crime against their
country's peace. They richly merit I ho rebukes
administered by gentlemen of the Seyiate, and musl
blame themselves, if, hereafter, they find them
selves shunned as disturbers of the public peace,
and the religion they profess and teach suspected
of having too much to do wi'h the world that now
is, and too lilile with that which is to come. My
kingdom is not of this world," said Christ, "if it
were then would my servant fight." We write
more in sorrow than in anger when we express
the belief that this furious conglomeration of every
shade of religious opinion and ecclesiastical polity
against the Nebraska bill has more of earth than
heaven, of time than eternity, in its elements and
objects, and has a higher veneration for men's
judgments, than for God s, notwnhstanding their
seeming impression that his judgments are sub
ject to the impertinent and vindictive movements
of their own. They can consort, sgree and act I Chase and he are expected to be at Columbus to
with a masive openness in this case, but if the j gether about this time. The hero of San Jacinto
question concerned the sending of a missionary to
ihe Chinese, thev could not be word into the same
building together, or brought w ithin bow shot of
each other without vexations, disputings, and;
sectarian wrartglings. We utter this opinion with
profound humiliation, but with as profound a con
viction of its truth and justice. It is painful to
witness such a desecration of ministerial character,
to watch the movements of men, of whom better
things might be expected, eng iged in a crusade i
against the rights of the South, and trailing their;
priestly garments in the dust to accomplish objects !
not mentioned in their commission, and never
dreamed of in the acts and writings of the apostles.
These a re the evil works that endanger our glorious
Federal Union. Blinded with passion, and with
far less reason1 for resentment than Samson for
the loss of his eyes, they seize the pillars of the
temple and seek to bring it a mass of ruins upon
their own heads. If is to these clerical aeitators.
with their ceaseless brayings against the South
we must ascribe the opinion, now wide-spread,
and constantly strengthening and deepening in the
public mind that there is something more sacred
than the union of these States, and something a
great deal more to be dreaded than their dissolu-
lion. If the conception reaches its consummationl
in the dissolution of our Federal compact, the
evil, and ail the disastrous convulsions attendant
upon it, must be ascribed to the evil machinations
of those ministers who, as in the cases before us,
turn aside from the peaceful pursuits of their
calling to engage in reckless politico,' brawlings
and to prosecute ruthless invasion of the rights of
Origin of the "Aztec" Children. A cor
respondent of the Athentenum, UDder the signature
Francais, of A. de L. has published, in the number
of 11 ih February, an article on the Aztec children,
of which the following is a translation, slightly
abridged: tkTho two children exhibited in Europe
are neither Lilliputians, Aztecs, sacredotals, na
tives of Iximaya, nor belonging to an extraordinary
race of men ; neither do they come from the re-
Public ol Guatemala. Here is their history: in
lh;- department of San Miguel, in a village called
t i, - rT , . ..
La I uerty, near the town of Lsulutan, there lives
a married mulatto woman, mother of these two
little children, who pass among us for phenomena,
as well as a third infant, belonging to the same
woman, like e two others, and who will certainly
become a Lilliputian Aztec, if any kidnapper
wishes to m ike himself its patron. Don T.aimond
Selva, a native of Nicaragua, wishing to make a
speculation of these two curious children, obtained
them from the mother for some ounces of gold,
lour or five years ago; and having thus acquired
them, he started with them for ihe United Stales,
taking at the same time a wolf, a white strg, and
some monkeys. On hi arrival at San Ju ui del
Nicaragua, these curiosities passed, we know not
how, into the fiands of an American. Since then
ihe agent of Senor Sefva has solicited from the
government of the State of Salvador documents
which prove that his client is owner of the children
and animals; and (he administration has authen
ticated the testimony presented by the agent."
Greely. The following from the New York
Day Book is very severe, but too good to be lost :
The reason for Greeley's insane sympathy
for the negroes is, that he is himself a negro of
the species called the Albine. Naturalists, in
speaking of this peculiar tribe of while negreoa, de
scribe Greely exactly: " thick white skin, white
hair, reddish eyes, shambling frame and iaatf. va.
r1llt lrlf.i.- V a .ncn.'n " - .
We therefore must for- (
give Greely fir all bi vagaries iu behalf of his
Nieho!.ii , Emperor of Russia, was born July
6.h, and is now 59 years old.
From the South Carolinian.
Washington, March 27, 1854.
Although the Nebraska bill has been consigned
to the tomb, at least for a time, it is yet the sub
ject which every one seems disposed to enjoy the
freedom of, which its present situation allows, to
all who ure for or against its adoption. Mr. Cut
ting, of New York, to whom is to be attributed
the present situation of the bill, will not, it is sup
posed, be allowed to assume the leadership of the
cohorts in opposition. He has opened the eyes
of many of those who before were disposed to act
with him. But he is no longer the oracle. The
bill will pass.
Mr. Breckinridge, of Kentucky, made a very
eloquent speech in favor of the brV, in which he
scathingly alluded to the pretended friendship of
Mr. Cutting to Ihe measure, though it would seem
to indicate a very decided hostility either to the
measure itself or the administration parly who
advocate it. Mr. B. is the administration lender
in the House, and this effort is considered worlhy
of the reputation lie acquired during the last Con-
Mr. Cuttinir. it is said, will reply to Mr. B., and
place himself and the wing of the party which he
assumes to be ihe leader of all right on the non
intervention question. The Badger proviso finds
some opponents in the House among those subtile
and finessing hair splitters that are constantly in
terposing trivial objections to the vital principles
of the bill. Mr. Millson, of Virginia, spoke against
that provision of the bill.
The outsiders have not entirely kept without
the vortex of excitement on the question. Ex
Senstor Clemens, of Alabama, in a letter addressed
to the Huntsville Democrat, is represented by the
opposition as retailing a conversation between
him and the President, in which he says "that the
true men of the North ought to accppf it, and the
South should reluctantly do so. The opposition
of each surprises him. This, in substance, is
denied by the ex Senator as the proper construc
tion of his letter; and in this morning's Union
states that he "may have misunderstood the Presi
dent," and probably did, as he (the President)
has always expiessed his favor of the bill, and thai
whatever may be the practical operation of it,
neither party should complain. The doctrine that
the people of the territories should regulate the
j question of slavery for themselves he (the ex-Sena
Gen. Sam Houston has left Washington for the
northwest on an electioneering four. Senator
: is certainly in oad company for a true Southern
' man. He bids high for the Presidency. Who
I knows the purchaser ?
The New Hampshire election was for some days
suspended in doubt, for which uneasiness was
manifestly doing its work on ihe unwavering of
the North. However, since its result has become
known, a better feeling exists, and many who
voted for its commitment will support it on iis
final passage. It seems that Edmund Burke, of
New Hampshire, who was represenied as the great
advocate of the measure, has been properly shown
up as in deadly hostility to it, although his pre
tensions to the contrary have been so flatteringly
The friends of the Gadsden treaty are endea
voring to prepare it for certain ratification. Its
postponement might jeopardize its fulfillment by
ihe Mexican government, Santa Anna not being
regarded as secure in his position
The Eastern question seems to claim some re
marks from the general observation on matters of
political importance, as may ultimately effect our
neutrality. Mr. Spence, our Minister to Turkey,
is condemned for his allusion to the difficulties at
present existing with Russia, to which he offers
the flattering expression of gratification at the
realization o( the Sultan's most sanguine hope of
the result of the conflict.
Judge Butler, in a few forcible remarks made
in the Senate on Monday, alluded to the event of
Russia being crushed by England and France.
With the ir victorious armies, gloa'ing for con
quest, we might expect that interference wiih our
islands which is already tpprehended. With so
many allusions to our present weakness in the
most important arm of the service, the navy, it is
strikingly manifest that no regard is paid to its
better preparation for what we can scarcely hope
A bill was recently introduced into Congress to
give alternate sections of land to Minesota, when
Mr. Kerr moved an amendment that the reserved
sections should be sold and the proceeds paid over
to those Slates which have received no grants of
the public lands. For this amendment many
Southern Demoarats voted, and the Whig press
is looming upon it as -an acknowledgment by them
of the principle of distribution, while the fact is
they only voted thus in order to kill the bill.
The amendment was adopted by one majority, nod
the bill was then laid upon the table by a vote of
121 to 65.
Our immediate representative, Mr. Craige, did
not vole for the amendment, being unwilling io
make even an apparent show of abandoning prin
ciple to kill a bill he was opposed to. Willi that
siern and inflexible adhesion to principle, which
has always characterized him. he opposed what
he thought was wrong, wilhout restoring to any
manoeuvering to deleal what he wished defeated.
His constituents will admire his firm and high min
The delegates from North Carolina who voted
for the amendment were Messrs. Clingroan,
Kerr, Puryear, Rogeis and Sbaw ; against it Mr.
Craige. Messrs. Ashe and RulEo were absent!
Messrs. Craige, Puryear and Shaw voted for lay
ing the bill upon the table ; and Messrs. Clingroan,
Kerr and Rogers against it.
The late Murder. Joseph Williams, the son
of Francis Williams, of this county, who was late
ly murdered, has been arrested by the Sheriff of
Caswell, and after an examination before Justices
J. M. Albm and N. M. Lewis, has been rntntnit-
tei to jul 10 answer the charge of shooting A.s
father. We learn that the evid-'OCe ng tins! him is
entirety circumstantial, but i-uffici. ntly strong id
warrant his commitment for trial before the Siipe
rior Court. Milton Democrat.
tl -. J . ..; mi
From the New Orleana PlQufbnJ.
Great MoVemeMt ol tbc Czar la
We are indebted to a gentleman of this city for
the perusal ofa letter from a very reliable source,
dated Paris, March 2d which contains sotua as
tounding intelligence. The Emperor of Russia, il
appears, has become disgusted with the Course
which Austria and Prussia have pursued towards
him in the controversy with Turkey, and ha se
ceded from his old alliance und compact with them
as to Poland and Hungary. He has issued a ukasa
reviving the Kingdom of Poland, and placing his
third son on the throne of fht ancient kingdom.
As a conseq uence of I his measure he intimates that
Prus-ia and Austra will be compelled to relinqurah
their share of the dismembered kingdom, which, W
is said, by the Czar, they unjustly hold. This is
certainly a bold and masterly stroke. It will com
pel Paussia and Austria to join the Cznr in an alli
ance against England, France and Turkey, or
force them into an isolated and impracticable at
titude ofa third prty in a duello. It is impossi
ble for f ranee or England to give their aid, smy
pa thy or countenance to Prussia and Austria in an
attempt to hold on 10 the Grand Duchies, which
they so nefariously seized and lore from Poland.
The two former nations are too s:rongly commit
ted in favor of Poland to be drawn into ruch a
scheme. The people of those twocounrlies would
rise tn masse and abandon the Turks and their
cause in resisting any such movement, and Louis
Napoleon would not dar to resist the claim which
his illustrious uncle acknowledged as one, tho
weight of which oppressed him more than any
Other obligation he had ever felt, of that Polish
n; tonality. Thus the Czar must disgust the Eng
lish and French wiih iheir position ; at the same
time he secures himself in his weakesl point. He
quiets and reconciles the Poles, delivering the pro
tection ot their rights, and the .security of their na
tionality into their rights, and ihe security of their
nationality into their ow n hands. Thus he is side
to diaw off his vast armies to maintain his position
and advance his claims below the Danube. At
the same time, he enfeebles Austria by withdraw
ing al! protection of her from claims to Hungary,
Hnd rendering it necessary that the Austrian army
should he concentrated on its Northern frontier,
to protect its Polish possessions.
Austria must give up the one or the other.
Hungary with her ten millions of diaaflected and
warlike inhabitants, will need no better opportu
nity of striking another blow for her independ
ence, than when Austria is thus engaged or em
barrassed, and ihe Czar stands aloof an indiffer
ent spectator nay more, a sympathizer and en
courager. Should this stole of affairs follow, the
Czar of Russia, instead of being the chief reliance
ol absolutism in Europe, will prove the most effi
cient agent of liberalism and nationality. Those
who were in such a haste to denounce Russia, ami
take sides with England and France, will thus find
themselves in a very peculiar and embarrassing
position. We shall, however, be confirmed in onr
original and unchanging position, that the policy
of Russia better deserves tho sympathy and sup
port of our people, and thai her alliance is morn to
be desired bv our nation, than that of tho other
powers of Europe.
The following is the extract from the letter
which states the facts on which we have commen
Pahis, March 2. I have just time to announce to
you news, th consequence of" which may be in
calculable. The re-establiahment of the kingdom
of Poland is decreed by a ukase of ihe Czar, tho
notification of which has jiMt been made to Prussia
and Austria, in answer to the abandonment those
iwo powers have evinced towards him. The Em.
peror's third son, Nicholas, will be King of Poland,
(n breaking with the two despoiling powers, he
tells them. " As to the parts of Poland you un
fairly possess, w hether you retain them is a ques
tion that regards yourselves, and for which you
will be responcihle," We may, therefore, expect
the speedy re-union of the Grand Duchy of Posrn
and Gallicia without the influence or action of eith
er Poles or Russians.
In a short time you will see Hungary in arms,
raising up again the prostrate standard of thir na
tionality without the protection of Russia. Tho
conclusion of all this is, lhat Frauce and England,
who ought to have laken in hand the cause oi ihrBO
two nationalities, have denied their political law,
and deserted their principles in submitting to tho
alliance of Austria, and that henceforth the strug
gle can no longer b doubtful.
The Emperor of Russia has thus made a great
political move, and on the eve of the great battle
he has placed the stake on his aide.
Sick Heaoachb. Thn following cure for the
sick headache was furnished lo ihe Boston Medical
Journal by Dr. N. S. Folsom, of Portsmouth, New
" Ta ke a ny nuin her of drops of I he Crolon oil, mix
them with flour amd molasses, and make as many
pills as drops of the oil used. When the patient
begins to feel the sick headache coming on, one
hali of a pill is to be laken every hour in molasses,
or something of like consistence, until it acts st a
cathartic ; and thus treut the tick headache at each
attack. If thus taken, each attack will be lest se
vere, and in some cases a few dotes produce a per
manent cure. He seems to think the Crolon oil
acts in three ways; 1st. By increasing the se
cretions ; 2d. By counteracting the a mi - parietal -tic
action of the stomach mid bevels; and 8d, by
acting as a counier-irrilant to rite brain."
QT" There is a tree in Sou-h America "d thu
murure, the milk of which, (says L'- HexudJen,
in his report of the 44 Explor of the Valley of
the Amazon,") is re par r to posse is extraordina
ry virtue in ihe enic of mercuralized patients.
The case of youn man is mentioned, who had
corne toltra lo linger out what waa left : thu
enjoyment of a tropical climate. A few doses of
the murure sent him home a well man. Attempt
have bifn made lo bring acme of Mi if milk home,
but without success, for it will uot keep.
A New Movement amono tub Germans.
The German errrigr.nt in Ohio and tho other
Northwestern St itepre uniiing in a movement
lo form it General IJniemSirihe cultivation of mu
sic and f -r physicjl and m'7iT4scultUre. A con
vention to carry out the object assembled ut Ciu
cioati lut week.