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The western Democrat. [volume] (Charlotte, N.C.) 1852-1870, June 16, 1854, Image 1

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PRICE $2 PER YEAR In Advance.
Cfjr fafrs Sistinrt hb tijc Siljooi, but one 115 tljt $m
RIFIS M. UERRON, Publisher.
NO. 47.
VOL. 2.
Sfiusinrss (Curbs, &f.
2. k YiasiB.
lt!orn y at Imr,
' c ti Loner gait's Brick Building, 2nd floor.
AKL0T1 B, It. c.
Ae. 1 2 Atlantic WhatJ,
Jf Liberal advances made on Consignments.
," Special attention given to the sale ol Floor, Corn.
Ac , and from o i 1 oj experience in the bosiacen, we
el connderd '.i CIT102 salifaeioa.
From the Southern Agriculturist.
What should be the Ciller Crops of the
.south ?
Corn and cotton in the cotton planting States,
have by common custom become the universal
crops ol' extensive cultivation. How far this shift
usual, the results are most marked and satislac- ) From the Philadelphia Ledger.
lory. The former mode is preferred and the ap- ' Pa lest i tie Mortftigvd to the Rothschilds.
plication in the lull discoursed. It is not in that j It is said, abroad, that Pafentine has been inort
case agrneral improver and often presses the corn j gaged to the Rothschilds, as security for a loan
forward so as to expose it to serious injury by an advanced to the Sultan. The rumor further as
earlv drought. The late annlMnliiui dnrmo- the ' serts thr.f om.mn Em&sihilities of the fiifnrp. is
is correct, is not entirely proved by its universal- cultivation of the crop of corn makes a very -'a- j the erection of Palestine, on the conclusion of a
ity, nor by the prejudices which sustain it in the I vorable impression upon the weedy crop of wheat 1 peace, into a Jewish kingdom, under the dynasty
the minds ol planters. Indian corn, indigenous and will secure the best results if 75 lbs. to the ol the Rothschilds. That serious territorial "altera'
to the soil, was perhaps the most convenient and acre is added when the wheat is sown. Thus lions willirrow out of the nendinn war. is i neon-
grain are secured from tha applies- I testible ; and this suggestion regarding Palestine,
profitable when the country was first settled, and j two crops of
when an abundant and easily prepared crop, to tion of two
March 17, IP54.
Dry Goods in Charleston, So. Ca.
Nus. 20'J and 21 I Kiag streit, corner of Market Street.
PI nit ition Wimlcns, Blaakcln, A-c, Carpetiags and
f'urtaia Material, Silke and Rich Dress Goods, Cloaks,
.M nitid is and Shaw la. Terms t'asli. One Price Onlv.
M ircli I 7, I 85 1 34-ly
Importers and Wholesale Ilealers in
B)&T km O&0UQWG,
nepi 23, '53 1 y Ci 1 A RLESTON, S. C.
supply ttie wants of tjotli man and beast, was a
requirement of the times. In this relative value,
it still is the most valuable crop grown on the vir
gin soils of the Middle and Southern of the Wes
tern States, lor it luxuriates upon the vegetable
matter abounding in new soils, and with little pre
paration and indifferent culture, yields large re
turns for labor bestowed. Such, however, is not
the case in older States, where the cream of the
land has been stolen away imperceptibly by the
most exhausting systems to winch tilled soil has
hundred and twenty-five pounds of! however visionary it may seem, is, therefore, no'
Both Irish and sweet potatoes are greatly
That Palestine should fall into the possess, on of
some other people than the Turks is desirable, on
benefitted by the application cither broadcast or
in the hill or drill
From the Southern Agriculturist
The Sweet Potato Its Culture aud Pre
servation. Messrs. Editors : Believing it to be a doty
we all owe one another to relate our experience
in die cultivation, successfully, of any or all plants,
and having been a reader of your paper now for
several years, thereby iriviriL' us much valued in.
many accounts.
as it It
it a distance
M. W, WXbfiHAXS k (DO,
2:i, 53 I V
(10-1 v.)
i mil . ii r i j.t fi.tw-t . mm , I , ,-. e I 1 l
ao. 175 east bay ' houl being injured. A barley crop
j vwu (vim guano, conon seen, or well prepared
! compost manure, after the cotton crop is gathered
WtRDLtW, WALKER BFRXSIDE, 'n liecember and January, would come off suffi-
- ' J avim inn SIUUUIC HOW II 111 Jli'aS IO
be turned under in autumn, and the rotation of
small grain wiih this system pursued, would he
me beat and most efficient mode of improving oui
...-.! i : i . i - . . J
"irewM ana, laKing ten years crop- struction, for which we are trulv trrateful, and de-
siiing to afford our mite in the production of a val
uable root which has been very successful in our
hands, and-may induce others to follow the exam
ple, to their benefit ; and not to be tedious, we will
state that our object in this article, is the produc
tion, cultivation and safe keeping of Sweet Pota
toes of the yam variety, hoth yellow and red, be
ing the experience of nearly twenty years, (having
at ail tunes an abundance lor my own lainily and
seed to sell ;) my potatoes never rot.
In the first place, as early in Februan' as the
season will admit, or by tfie first Of March at fur
thest, spade out a trench, say 4 feet wide, 25 feet
long 12 inches deep, then fill the trench with good,
sound cotton seed, which I prefer, or fresh stable
manures, well forked, so that the long may be
eouaflv distributed with the short, wet it verv iren.
a time when a few v with water, or let it remain a few days if there
cotton crop without j8 proSpect of rain ; when the eround becomes
. , t
sufficiently dry to be worked, cover the cotton
seed or manure with well pulverized earth to the
depth of 5 or 6 inches, rake smoothly and evenly,
and then carefully lay down your seed so as not
to touch each other ; when the bed is full (the size
ping together, the Indian corn crop is the most
uncertain we can plant. It is difficult to grow on
any but virgin or alluvial soil, and the droughts
ol summer, except in extraordinary and most fa
vorable seasons, cut it oir to a ruinous extent.
The corn crib is called the st jre house of the.
..I : . i . o . . i . j i i i
j i"""ir' "i mu oou.n, anu inu eu it is ins main
dependence. But this is only because he is not
j accustomed to interweave other crops with the
l cultivation of cotton. On improved and well pre
j pared soil, barley and wheat would yi'-ld more
j bufhels of grain of more value to the planter than
j Indian corn. In fact, bailey is the most valuable
j grain which we cultivate at' the South, it sown
; at the proper season, it readily perfects itself from
j the winter moisture in the eanh, and yields hea
vily. It is fine soiling for all kinds of stock, and
comes into harvest in May,
j days can be spared from the
1 1 . n in . i t . , . t . . -. I- 1 . r
ovinoicui lu us ynnni or prouuction. Its Train
j is so well protected, that it is not liable to he
I spoilt by exposure to the weather, and it may lie
y tommiaaMM fur e!!is4 Chiton Fifty cent.-; per Halt .
Sept 2'.. 1 -".. 10-1 v.
i ...
kinuimnni in uitr uiiei conon crop, l)
the plow mo under ol the berbaee in the fall vh;cli M i ,
. , B. ., "ciuago iu ine lan.wntcn j w,ih sprouts growing very luxuriantly
..j ,4VWIIIj.VJOU 11' t.it; iie.l
Barley, ground and mixed w ith the straw, re
duced to chaff by a cutting machine, is better food
tor horses and cattle than any preparation of In
dian corn, and tc those nersnna urkn Iniu r...i
' " " .1 r X. V I
nulla, simply soaking the grain in water is a fine
preparation for feeding to horses. Swine fatten
j and keep in condition more easily on birley than
on corn. As a conclusive argument in its favor,
! more barley can be cheaply grown on an acie of
improved dry upland, than we can grow of corn.
W heat sown with guano in like manner after the
' cotton crop, would come in at a season when the
! harvesting could be attended la without detriment
; and alter the cotton crop is laid by, ami in the in-
lerval between that lime and the commencement
; o picking, the threshing and preparing it for mar
ket or the mill, could be attended to without bin
d ranee. The middlings, shorts and bran of a
large wheat crop, all mixed together, would go far
to feed the plantation stock, and negroes would
relish wheaten bread as a change; for the corn
bread usually allowed to them.
W e would, from these few reasons stated, and
many more needless to mention, recommend the
reduction of the com crop to such a degree as
would throw all lands not naturally producing In
dian corn well, into wheat, barley, rye and oats.
We would then cultivate our tilled crops we. I and
easily, and the avenues the system would open for
improvement would soon repay for the experiment.
We know thai these recommendations will be met
with by all the objections winch nreiudice and the
tyranny of custom engenders in those who cleave
to old practices and theories, but as they are con
vicMons of true policy, we have no hesitation in
will bed ten bushels) cover the potatoes with well
pulverized earth to the depth of 4 inches, rake
smooth and cover the cotton seed about 3 inches
deep, hoe up the earth all round the bed and pack
with the spade, (this keeps in the heat) When
the weather geta warm and settled, remove the
ll I pnlNin ..... ,! frwv, fliQ !.-.-. .rtl-.rt 1.. 1 1
h j ,v. v. ii win nil. HM wi tins UVU U1JIJ lilKC Slliilll
wou.d also be filled to the economical I i . .-l: : e ' B
, , ...io Mto ii mu, .-.miuuiii tuiwur iui iiiesnroui:
from the central government, and liable contin
ually to the exactions of Pachas, or the indifference
of Governors, it offers no sufficient inducements
for capital to settle there, or industry to remain.
It is consequently in a state of progressive decay,
agriculture is neglected, trade finds little to support
it, and ignorance, superstition and vice domineer
over the land. From the farthest shores of
Nazareth to the Southern waters of the Dead Sea,
a curse seems to hang over the country, blighting
it like a pestilence, or a flight of Egyptian locusts.
There was a time, however, when Palestine was
the most flourishing region, perhaps, on the face
of the glohe. Its vallies were filled with the low
of cattle its terraced hil 1-sides glowed with golden
erops; the vine dotted the landscape with purple
grapes; and an almost continuous line of villages
crowned the acclivities, in sight of each other,
from ihe desert of Idutnea on the south to Mount
Libanus on the north. There is reason to believe
that at the beginning of the Christian era, the
whole land w as like a vast suburb. The four
From the w York Herald.
Senator Bousttts s SpeeeA to the Peoolo
in .Yew York.
The Young Men's Democratic Utuon Club ser
enaded Senator Douglas, on Saturday evening, nt
the St. Nicholas Motoi, w here he is now stopping.
At an early hour in the evening the report of the
intended serenade was rumored about the city,
and at 1 1 o'clock a large company of citizens were
gathered in front of the hotel, waiting to see the
Senator. A little after midnight, Dodworth's brass
band, numbering thirty pieces, arrived upon the
ground under the escort of the Union Club, and
opened with " Hail Columbia," played in admira
ble style. Following this was played the 41 Over
ture to Stratlella." and the " Cauip Quickstep, "
and at the close of each performance, the cheering
and calls for " Douglas," " Douglas," were voci
ferous. When the third piece was finished, John
Cochrane, President of the Union Club, conduc
ted Mr. Douglas to the balcony of the hotel and
say, that although they opposed il at first, lhat they
are now willing to acquiesce in it ; and if they are,
let us take them at their word, but let us first un
derhand what ihey mean acquiescence. It is not
uflicient that they shall not seek to disturb Ne
braska and Kansas ; but (hey must acquiesce also
in the principle, and apply it in all time to come,
w hen the question of ihe admission of any new
State arises, whether il be Nebraska, Kansas,
Oregon, Mexico, Cuba, or ihe Sandwich Islands.
Enthusiastic cheering, and cries of "that's il"
"go i:, Douglas. "j The principle for which we
contend is right everywhere; if it is right in one
part of the United States, it is right in every part ;
mid if right now, il is right in all lime to come.
Now. my fellow democrats, this i a cardinal prin
ciple in our Constitution one that cannot bo viola
ted with safety.
The Missouri act of 1820, which was opposed
to this principle, has resulted in the most danger
ous agitation, and so long as that restriction re
introduced him to the company below, now num- I mains, the country u ill be subject to agitation. -
bering about two thousand. He was received with j Let us now say, "here is a principle clearly de-
nine hearty cheers, for w hich he giacelullv bowed
his acknowledgements. When silence had been
gained, Mr. Cochrane addressed the Senator as
follows :
Senator Douglas The Democratic Young Men's
Union Club are proud on this occasion to n nd r
to you, through me, the expression of their high
esteem for yourself, and of their appreciation of
your great services, to the country. They have
observed with interest your course in defendine
fined," and call upon the people to rally ns ono
man in support of that principle. Let us banish
forever this slavery agitation from ihe halls of
Congress. Cheers I shall not detain you by
making a speech. (Cries ol "go on.") I have dane
my share iu discussing the Nebraska bill, lor one
season, and 1 now desire lo return my thanks for
j the kind manner in which you have received me,
and for the opportunity which you have afforded
nie of defining the principle laid down in ihe bill.
the great principle of popular sovereignty in the. i Let lhat principle be carried into your elections,
ebraska bill (Applause.) I he democratic young and let each candidate define his position upon it.
men of the city and county of New York look
upon you as the successful champion of this prin
ciple, ana however much they may regret the po
Gospels are full of allusions which warrant this j pular excitement which in some localities has at
conclusion. But now, desolation broods over the I fended the triumph of this principle, lhey know
entire prospect. The foot-prints of successive in- and feel that the people will support you, and lhat
vaders have deeply dented the surface of the lhey have approved of your patriotic course. Wo
N I ' N N S & CO.'S P.iteut
J Diagonal (irand PIANOS;
Hal lei Davis Co.'s Pateat
Cj fi5 !spenuoa Bridge l'lA.NOs ;
.-.;; 'w tj ' hickerinsis, Tr a vers' and
-ito othci best makers' Pii
Kin-tin v Priees.
unibia, S. C, Sopt. 33, 1S"T. 10-1 y.
to come thiourh.
'ianos. at
fharzoiie. .1. C
J.i im
58, 1853.
!! sideace, on Main Street, '.i doors south of Sadler's
P" Dressea cut and ii.adc the celebrated A. B.C.
tbad, an! warranted
uptlj attended to.
to lit. Oideia solicited and
S. j.t. :, 1.'.3 S-ly.
KISCi s i ;:ki.t,
i; a. a:
2 1 !
IMPORTERS DEALERS in Royal Velvet, Tapes
I trjfj Brussels, Three ply, Ingrain and Venetian
t'ARPETINGS; India. Rush and Spanish .MATTINGS,
!i . Door M.it-, Ice.
OIL CLOTHS, of all widths, cut lor rooms or en trips.
Long Lawns, Towels, Napkins, Doylias, fce.
.vr fxteiisiv assortment oi Window CI RTAINS.
y M.r. hants will do well to eaamioe our stork
f-i,r pnrchastng elsewhere. .
ot. 23, 1853 iai.
Your bed will soon be covered
You can
hasten and greatly improve the productiveness of
the bed if you will keep it wet with soap-suds, (the
refuse of the wash-tub) always pouring it on the
bed at sundown, (no other time.) This makes
the best hot bed for potatoes I have ever used.
As early as the ground will admit, plow the
piee you design for potatoes very close and deep,
and keep it regularly plow ed, alternately each and
every two weeks. When your slips in the bed are
well grow n, lay off" the ground with a lonr bull-
tongue in rows 3 feet apart, then, with a turnin
plow, ridge over the furrows as high as the plow
will throw ; then pull your slips from the bed and
set them out on the lop of the ridge very deep, and
free from clods and in good tilth before ridging up
lo plant, and not ridging up the ground indry
weather, but when the earth is most. I prefer set
ting plants out in the evening late, when the earth
is moist, than after a rain, and watering a few
evenings a half teacupful of water will be suffi-
CMfiiltitrn ri I i rt f xi ,.,.,., iDi It .
" ' -V,JU' P'" io incnes negtn to indicate, the present war will end in the
apart m the ridge Always make your ridges so re-construrttion of Turkey; and if that re-construe-that
they will hold the water, and not run off. ' tion should be based on a federal union, under the
Now for the cultivation in about two weeks ! Sultan, of various independent nrovinees. then e
t r.li mud i. .m- H. ii-.-. -;.J I i .
j " j"" """u i nui injurs, ieavins oruy a
country. I he round, battlement towers of the
Crusaders, rise amid the ruins of old Roman works,
while modern Turkish fortresses lift themselves
above the blackened walls of Roman castles. The
nxe and fire have gone over this unco fair region
in repeated surges of blood and conflagration.
Centuries of war and oppression have exhausted
the spirit of the people, have destroyed the old im
provements, have turned what was once a contin
uous garden and vineyard into a comparative
desert. No man can remember what Palestine
once was, and recall what it is nt present, without
wishing that equal laws and liberal institutions
might restore it to its former splendor.
The creation of a Jewish kingdom promises the
speediest method of arriving at this. Thero are
millions of Hebrews scattered over Europe, who
would avail themselves of such a restoration, to
return to the land of their fathers. Poland and
Kussia, especially, swarm with them. The op
pression under which they suffer wherever the
Czar holds sway, would be an additional induce
ment for them to emigrate to Palestine. A Jew
in Russia cannot wear a beard as he wishes, can
not appear in certain garments, cannot import
even the Hebrew Scriptures, cannot enjoy the
common rights of a citizen. When we consider
the adventurous character of the race, and recall
the great Jewish exodus which is even now going
on, we cannat see any difficulty in the way of a
Jewish emigration, such as would repopulate
Palestine in a very few years.
There are difficulties in the way, however, and j
serious ones. A small kingdom, like Palestine
proper would be, would hardly sustain itself axrainsl
its mightier neighbors. Rut if, as appearances
it i . i i r
i nave ueen inreatentU wiin ronsequmecs of a
terrible character to myself, but I run ready lo
meet them, he they what ihej may. (Cheers-) If
the abolitionists think that burning me in tftigy is
a good argument let them continue it; and ifdhoy
consider hanging me in effigy is amusing, they
may indulge as much as ihey please, in such
amusements. I desire to meet this question, and
argue fairly upon its merits, and il the whigs and
abolitionists desire to lorm an amalgamation, I
trust there is patriotism enough in this land to meet
and crush their insiduou atlempls lo destroy the
Union. (Cheers.) We have already been told thnt
in consequence of ihe passage of the Nebraska bill,
the fugitive slave law of is never more to be en
forced they say the law of the land siiall be re
sisted that although the Constitution declares that
fugitives shall he returned, and lhat every man
lolding office slnll carry it into effect, the Consli-
I tender to you this expression of our hioh estppm
- i o
and respect.
To this brief address Senator Douglas respond
ed as follows :
Gentlemen 1 am very grateful for this demon
stration which you have made, of your esteem, re
gard and confidence.
a 7 m .,
v oice vv e are sorry mere arc not more
here. Judge.
Mr. Douglas. I must admit to you frankly, that
I tl link the gentleman (Mr. Cochrane) who has
been your organ upon this occasion, has done I
me more than justice for my efforts to carry out ; tution shall be trampled upon, and lhat oaths shall
the great principles we have at heart. I have en- I no longer bind men.
deavored to perform what I conceived to be my j A Voice. They dare'nt try it in New York,
duty fearlessly, anil without regard to conserjuen- ' The democracy won't let them,
ces, so far as I was personally concerned, and ifj Mr. Douglas. The democracy arc ihe consti
what I have done meets your approval, I am well tutional party. They believe that the Consiiiulion
rewarded for rny endeavors ; it is all I desire, and ! and all Its clauses shall be faithfully executed. Wo
next lo the approval of my own conscience, I prize are the In w abiding party the constitutional party,
it most highly. (Cheers.) As much as the Ne- We stand always in support of ihe Consiiiulion,
braska bill has been assailed and misrepresented, j the laws and the rights of the people, and we in
and as little as it was correctly understood in the : vile our enemies to meet us on thin issue at the
outset, I have never for a moment doubted theft it ! ballot box, and before ihe people, wherever urgu
would receive the approval of the American peo- i rnent and reason can prevaii. (Cheers.)
pie, when its principles were thoroughly known . , . .
and appreciated. So long as we may exist under I Call foniia Gambling.
a popular government, as long as we shall recorr. ! Th. MrvtlU n.u ik-. - .
.1 , ., , , " - '- ' iu oci i ii.ii auuie nine since
n. e the principle that the people are capable of a gambler absconded from that place, leaving be-
zt:r!Ta:lo!ie ,s i11 r:gb to, carr.-v t,,a: alette i, which, o
.i lukipiF iiuu rucvi mi ouiioui me lengiu ana
breadth of the Union. ( Anulau.se. 1 I need not
II f mm m
see no reason why a Hebrew principality might
not take its place in such a union, side by side
with a Servian, a Russian, or an Albanian one.
tine them.
The American Hotel.
JUIM to announce t mj Iriend, the pnUie.and ares,
rut natrons of the abort: Hotel, that I have leased the
ramc for a t, rm of years from the 1st of January next.
Atl. r wliudi tin,,, tli.. . niir.. -- ....ii i .i ,
, .....v in win : l . : 7 ' 1 - J .
repaired and renovated, mmd the hmisi. L-.. ;
Tins II .t, 1 is mar the De Bat. and hk-an
Mtiiat,',!, rendering it a neaimblc kiau Cwi.BMu.M
ail nuniiiaa.
Dec is::t. 24t C. M. RAY
s atvh
We clip the following extract from a communi
cation which we find in the Metropolitan, on the
application of guano. We have tried various ex
periments with this va'ttable fertilizer and the re
sult showed a very heavy percent upon the invest
ment : Ud. West. Democrat.
sufficiency ol dirt to support the- plant. Plow- deep
aim inorougtiiy wnn a bull-tongue, then follow
immediately with your Carey or turning plow and
throw the dirt up to the plant and finish your ridge
as at first this must be done "very two week as
long as the vines will admit and very frequently
I break the vines, in order that a deep, loose soil
may be had for the forma 'ion of roots. This is
all the cultivation necessary a hoe is not needed.
When the frosl kills the leaves, I proceed to
dig, using the plow, the bull tongue, breaking down
the ridge on each side, and then, with one deep
furrovv, plow ing out the roots. I gather in baskets,
say a bushel at a time, and carry to an open shed
being careful not to bruise or break the roots
first the largest and soundest, and then the smallest
for seed, and lastlv. tl
' 7 w.i i.i. tiiuvj . poui U ' iiT , . ... . . .
on the ground, under the shed, in separate piles of ! Ve" 1 dld not know, for my husband has got so
lone, cover with : Sl" a su'y he won 1 t:,kJ lht; paper, and we
Owe of the Know Nothings. Some years
ago, a lady noticing a neighbor who was not in
her seat at church on Sabbath, and on her return
home to inquire what should detain such a punctual
attendant, on entering the house she found ihe
family all busy at work. She was surm ised w hen
her friend addressed her with :
Why, la ! where have you been to-day, dressed
up in your Sunday clothes?'
4 To meeting.'
What day is it?'
Sabbath day ?'
oai, stop washing inammit! Sabbath dav ?
Bailii-iorr Pliuo Tortc Manafaetary.
j J. WISE BROTUEK, M .nnfaetnrers afBoadoir
'I. l.-and and Sqauure PIANOS. Those srwhia a
rd and cnbstantial Piann thai will mm Sre, at a
lint, u.i reijoa reftioj; sach my nddieaatag the
sdaetarer, my m.nl or otherwise. Wm have thl
jaor of serving; and referring to the first families in the
J1''-. In ennn hi diss npnint nun! snfSsrahle. The
tnaJactswern, also, refer lo u l...st of th. ir fellow eiti. i
BS. II U'lvl' , DDillinn
I8W 2S-.C, BaltisnoteMd. I
know nothing.
Mr- B-
Who preached ?'
K b 3.
' What did he preach about V
'On the death of the Saviour.'
' What, is he dead? Well, all Boston might be
dead, and we know nothing about it ! It vv?'l not
do, we must have a newspaper again, for every
thing goes wrong without the paper. Bill has
almost lost his reading, and Polly has got quite
mopish again, because she has no poetry or stories
to read. Well, if we have to take a cart load of
onions and potatoes to market, I'm resolved to
have a newspaper. Reader go thou and do like
wise. 1
II A EtC II A: Mil iRP,
cournnia, s. c,
Y ")''- attend to the sale of all kinds of Merchandise,
Prodace, cc. Also. Seal and Personal Property.
"rpurchase and sell Stuv es. .Vc. on Commission.
vi ucs KxtM Xo. IS I Kiehardsou street, and imme
Vly opposite the (Tatted States Hotel.
r en f, i!o i
runs. ii. m Alien.
J . M. E. SHAHr
Livery and Sales Stable,
tand lornierlv occiuiieti k If Vnrrunn im
T th.
a. t aamtto. Horses fed
I" i ninoilati ins f,.r Dtswoaa
an.l the snUie general! solicited
; renrsmry i , I 85 I
hired and sold. Gowd ac.
about 'SO bushels ; when you are done
straw, each pile, separately, and then cover, com-
plelelv. each im p. hut senaratelr. with Arv tli
" To indian corn it has been applied in the hill j foot thick, and all is over. Your potatoes will
and sow n broadcast. From full experience, I pre- j keep as long as you want them, perfectly sound,
ler the application broadcast, and that when the ! Use the broken potatoes first commencing at the
corn receives its second plowing, taking care that j top of the pile. By putting only 30 bushels in a
i. ua nut wnn ueu inc corn nus new or moisture Heap you will he hetter enabled to consume 'hem 1
on it. Corn has three sells of roots. The firsi j before injury can take place from exposure to air '
nfauot out with the germ as it leaves the grain and j and light. You must have a good shed open lo i
go perpendicularly as deep as the earth has been the south and inclined to the north. This is my
broken up by ihe plough ; they sustain the plaid method after 20 years experience ; I always have j
as the paretet grain w exhausted and until another sound potatoes, and have to supply seed every i
sen ui ruois eeme as i ne join i roots are tormed. year to my neighbors at a dollar a bushel. I do I
jnese snoot out an angle ol lorty-five degrees j not claim any thing for this plan exclusively, for
thereabouts and also reach the depth of I he plow- I there may be others equally as oood : all "f nm
ing. Ihe brsl sett of roots at once cease their i afraid of is. that too liitle attention is paid to their ! Sporting Incident. The Spirit of the Times
junctions and die, and the second assumes its j production and cultivation and preservation. The i Ie!ls a story of a sportsman who was recently
jointed and structure and receives that supply of great majority of my roots would weigh from 3 to shooting ducks in North Carolina, and when
.3 pounds. I he bed before described would set wang through the reeds, he saw six ducks. He
out two acres at two settings. Get your sprouts wa'ted for a good shot, when a coen came paddling
as soon as possible and set out. j along and the ducks pitched into him to fi 'hl him
I prefer the red yam or African, which will pro- ! awa'- At this interesting time, the sportsman
duce tw ice as many as any other, ami will keep ; fired llis lwo barrels, and bagged three ducks and
lollirer and liHl!fr r.r.d (" , ,-, I ....... - u ! One COOI1. Prnttv bflnH otn.t
. . o e - " ' 1 muwii kiijci Eiuwtn, 1 J V ..i.ii.
wul, o ,o oe weigotea wnn me ear and lur- j I only cultivate the two varieties of yams the red I
nisiingth, farina and stuck necessary for the I and yellow. Four hundred bushels to the acre Novo. Petticoats. A montr the new ideas
grain. 1 bese routs run on the surface and turn can be easily raised. just bfomrht out -u P,r - i I u J a-
up their extremities to the air to obtain the ele- I have thoLhl lhat the red or Af.iean ,nm I Z . T SSSTI ! ""P
menl reou site lo the Inrmai inn rii,.,,:,, -ru ....... ..i i... . ." . " 7 ,l" rt" l,uu ,s necomina im
j ,
saccharine matter or sugar which is so abundant
in it at that age. The third sett of roots are those
'hooting out at the surface of the earth and a lit
tie beneath, and oflea troin joints several inches
above. These are famili irly known as the brace
performing the double office ol Doholdirjo tte
m.u i lie rerl or African vam ' coal
I if l WfXtmtii Wm9 i n DVMAllAnl w, . -v iW'n i. . Il. ... l I - l C I
Tl, , 4- I : 4 - i r f wwnsjp anna vMH Wl IUI WW!I, 1 I'M UUOU HfrilSVIV 1 3 & ) 0 1) II U C .
I llC CUStolil ut Ills trifm i.ittt mote tiirt r rfvr tr,l ak. - ,.n 1 i I . ! J w"rtUIC
viiii . . v3 i ait i i , v i i i i . ine i imi rt ;i mi . 1 . ,
I mf 1 aaaw .. vUOT J
remind you that the great feature of the Nebraska
bill is simply the admission of the right of the people
of a Territory to decide for themselves what kind
of laws and institutions they will live under. If
that principle is wise in New York, is it not jusl
as wise in Nebraska?
A Voice No, sir.
Mr. D. If it be rieht and nroner in Illinois
why should it not be extended to Kansas? (Cheers ) ' c,jd
xne rigni oi me people to govern themselves, and
to determine the character of their local mstilu
lions, according to their own judgment, and the
dictates of I heir own conciences, is the great prin
ciple or which our fathers fought. (Renewed
cheers) The issue then was, whether a British
Parliament should be allowed to regulate and in
terfere with our local affairs in the colonies ; and
because lhat principle was violated our revolution
ary fathers separated from the tyranny thai threat-
eneu in oppress them, .bhall we now permit that !
principle to the successful vindication of which we
owe our liberalities the principle that stands at j
the foundation ol the Nebraska bill, against which I
all this excitement has been raised, and in support
ui which i pui lorm ail my energy shall we per
permit this principle tn he violated? (Applause)
This is the issue upon which I intend to stand be
fore the American people, and and lo meet either
their approval or disapproval. ( Renewed applause.)
When this principle shall be carried into eflTecl you
will hear of no further excitement upon the ques
tion of slavery. Once in New York you had
slavery, it is true, but you abolished it yourselves : !
v-fiii rtul'l ytLr i r " r.'i i i i
uk. i u i uuugresr, neuner uia you
look for assistance from oifiers, but you acted in
dependent of all outside influence. Now if New
York had a right to do that for herself, why should
not Nebraska, California, New Mexico, Utah, and
all the Ter -dories and Slates, be allowed the exer
cise of the same right. Equality among the States
is Ihe cardinal principle of our
A Voice. Three cheers for Benton.
Mete a small portion of the crowd responded, but
the attempt was rather feeble.
A Yoice. What about the Missouri compro
mise? Mr. Doooxas. I hear an ab . li'h nisf across tfie
way asking about the Missouri compromise. Now,
J have been accustomed to this kind of tactics be
fore. When I was iu the Senate explaining the
principles of the Nebraska bill, and when its ene-
mies lound themselves unable lo answer me, they
raised the cry of -Missouri compromise," which
was nothing more than a restriction upon the riht
ot the people to govern themsi Ives. The Nraa
apart, was found to be so constructed that by
touching a spring the boltom of every box painted
red would be made to rise, presenting a smoolh
surface and leaving the ball no alternative but to
drop into the black. Should the heaviest belting
be upon the black, the screw might be pressed u
little harder, whereupon ihe bottoms of ail the
black boxes would come up and the ball must go
into the red. Moving wi,h the smoothness ol clock
work, the machinery could never fail. Wiih it a
child mi'rhl nhiu inin.i tl,,. nmJj . I
i p"- "g'o'ui im- -nuiiu iiuu win every
stake. 1) .ubiless many a young man who has
gone out from our eastern Statt-s to the land of
promise, buoyant w ith health and hope and energy,
and has there earned, by the sweat of his brow an
amount sufficient to render him independent for
life, has, in a moment of excitement or lorgeiful
ness, b'-en induced to stake his hard earned gains
at the table of a gambler perhaps on such un in
strument r.s this and has thus been robbed not
only of his wealth, but of his hope, his energy and
his sc If- respect.
Vomer of WirharJson anJ Laurel Strett,
June 0 1 1
to acr, and the last sett finish the Work of perfect
ing the gram. It is just at the time that the silk
is becoming perb ct and the shoots appear, that in
plowing, the application of 150 pounds of guano,
broadcast, and plowed in with the earth thrown
up to the corn, that the must remarkable ell'ects
are produced effects manifested in the size, full,
eni and perfection of the ear. If sown broad-
l cast before the ear is plunttu and cultivated as
Acenri!iri(T In tllo imoni,..
live acres ; lay off the OTOUnd as for cntmn then I nnn of rhoun i,oiii ...:n . i ,
i - , ' I .uiv.uiia m siinu out ana occupy
cross and between the furrows, covering the ridge,! the room of half a dozen got upon the old fashion
drop a potato and cover with the hoe ; cultivate, ! principle. It is true, that when a lady dresses to
and When grow n fence an acre to itself ai,d let in get into a carriage, the hoop will be likely to stick
you. bogs : when they have ued up the acre fence to the door. To obviate this, she must, a! the
in another, and soon, nn.il thy use up the patch. moment of embarking, turn a little screw hidden
v cry respecuunv, j m some fold in her dress, and let ou
THEED by a Locomotive. Soma years ago
Professor Larraboe visited Portland, Maine, fie
had been strolling in the nemhiinrhnnrl and
out until nightfall, which found him a mile or two
from his oiarters. He started homeward, and
soon came to an inlet for the lide water, spanned
by a railroad bridge, nearly half a mile in length.
Ho got about one-third of the way across, and
heard the scream of the steam whistle ; on looking
back, he saw the lightning train coming on at the
rate ol forty miles an hour. To get back was im
possible; lo outrun it was equally impossible; to
stand by the sid., of ihe track on lhat narrow
bridge, with a considerable specimen of ihe deep
blue sea beneath, was not expedient. What should
lie do? One thinks very fast under such circum.
stances. On came the train louder shrieked ihe
whistle, the bridge was gained, and the Professor
was on it. Al this moment his eye caught girht
of ihe telegraph pole standing beside the bridge.
He ran Ic ut caught hold ol .t, and cooned up in
very undignified haste while the screaming ,
snorting, galloping train dashed by. As sxm as
the nervous excitement calmed down, he descended
and walked slowly homeward.
m mm
Gen. Houston. Gen. Sam Houston first en
tered Congress as a representative (from Tennes
see) th.rty years ago. fja has since been Gover
nor of Tennessee; then n fugitive from her bor
ders; then an Indian chief; then a pioneer of Tex
a; then leader of her revolution; then President
then out ol power and esteemed a dissinated. he.
j -
L : 1 1 -.ii.
uiii was mienueu to inve them the free ur.rl imro i,. i . -voiucuv ognui ; a re-
sfricted exercise of tlt JS? and "t Z a" "'"P"" advocalel then and
, ' .. im
k . .... w .. V. I J.
en-floWn (fi.ninn. r . I
- ... -...aeJwU, ,tlKll rresiuetii again ; a re-
mrmcwl ....... I . l '
C , c, " ' . , men aim
Ua,l3 Senator of the United Slates, which
is opposed to it is opposed To the trreat nrineinU r! t u T, , "e Un,teU Slatei' w
self-'Javernmenr. fLwhusia ic SSS t ";p! l njh0. held for the laat eighl year.,
us, then, understand this tpestion distiiie" y' Tbl &" kT
otjeet of the Nebraska bill was to remove ihat re- Wx,.d Oats.-Wo 7"
He may
Sctc Maritt Ata.
our obedient servant.
Gl-okge D. Nobris.
striction, to give equal righ's to every State and
lerritorv in the Union, to nil
out the air. The I ercise all those rih,c ulyiLu . " T7.,u
. . Z "re gunranieeij oy t
,- tw I.. I I c , .11 ..... I .
..v...... ni i,u r.oimpe and shrink into an Constitution. TCheers 1 1 find thoi tl M i
xtreme v sma connass. U'l,on no...,,. :. ; , -i. . L'"-ers. i r,nd that the Nebra
r.ti..i . w 9 1
ay mr ine uiuy to mow nerseti up !
is growing in the popular favor
more thoroughly understood. I hear men now
waio. e once Snw a vnnnn
bravely turning up the glass he was a free-heart-ed,
glorious fellowand was, he said, sowing his
w.ld oals. We afterwards saw a policeman haul
ing a miserable drunkard from the gutter to the
etch house. The wtld oats were being harvest

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