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office up stairs opposite scarr'S drug store A Family Paper, devoted to State Intelligence, the News of the World, Political Information, Southern Rights, Agriculture, Literature, and Miscellany.
BY WILLIAM J. YATES, K.HITOR AND PROPRIETOR. CHARLOTTE, MECKLENBURG COUNTY. NORTH CAROLINA. I $2 PER ANNUM In Advance. 0E. A. YATES5- ASSOCIATE EDITOR. 3 TUESDAY, JULY 21, 1857. (VOLUME 6 3STow Series j NUMber 266. THE Published every Tuesday Containing the latest News. full and accu rate Report of the Markets, &-C vraato i For the year, if paid in advance,. .. .$2 00 If paid within six months, 2 50 If paid after the expiration of the year, il 00 rgrAnj p rson sending ns five new sub , ribera, accompaniad by the advance sub- 'I ti for oa year. i,. crilx r-s and other who mav wish I . i inl luonev 1 ii-i "J "v . ... ...... ill wi I . ,111 ' I fir : . 1 .1 mux risk. ADVERTISING. Om mk of 1. fines or less, lor 3 months, SI 00 it M t 00 1 i " 10 00 One rmare, W lines, or less, first insertion, 81 00 Each Mtocqoenl insertion, '25 IV Transient advertisements must be paid for in advance. CsTFot announcing Candidates for office, in advance, ry Advertisements not marked on the DMBUfleript for a specific time, will he in serted until forbid. and charged accordingly WILLIAM J. YATES. BOOTS & S H O E S. Just Received ron. tub SPRING & SUMMER TRADE, As fine an Assortment of Boots xi-d Shoes An has ever been offered to a Southern People. ' ill and see them at BOONE & CO'S STOKE. JC Terms, CASH. Man 17, 1857. tf Notice HAVING returned to Charlotte, I am again at the disposal of those who amy require my servi- . . . . , i ... jii tin- practice oi Bieaieme nuu ompi y KoKEKT GIBBON, M. D. Feb. 3d, W7. 31-tf k. m. mi n msoN. a.j. HOWElX, MURCPIISON &i KOWELL, 7 rPTp PXT A WFJ .r. to t IrVtl Street, JT. I. Feb, 3d, 1437. ly DR. R. WYSOXG, Charlotte, IV. C. n'AYING located in this place, nspectfnlly fin his I'.of.ssional Services to the citi zens of the town and vicinity. ; OFFICE in the new brick building, opposite the burnt district, Main Street. April 2th I -"7. BRFJI & STEELE, Wholesale and Retail Dealers Hardware, EB;iS. nn! Shoes, CHARLOTTE, N. C. May 5, 1857. 1 1-tl :tiilm;e:e:y and DRESS-MA K ING. mm. whmmb Bespretfully informs the Ladies of Cluuiotte ad vicinity, thai she baa returned, and oilers berserrieea to herd Icustomera and friends. RESIDENCE OPPJSITE TH POST OFFICE- Charlotte, Jane 30, l-f7. CLIN HIGH SCHOOL. This Institution, located in the North-Eastern )'A:t nt Iredell county, 2. ., will re -open it Xerosi s on hm dency ofKer. B. Sd ol .1 nl v nnder th- Prest- C'le;r.', anhMtid Uy accomplish- 'i teaciier?. Board and Tuition will range from. $55 to (05 jer Session of five months; Tuition alwavs in advance. Those coming from a matance will find Salis bury .i coaremeal point to obtain conveyance. Anangrmenta hare been made with W. 1$. Unmt, proprietor of tin- Mansion House, for the convenience of students. For further information, address REV. B. CLEGO, Olin. Iredell cou.ity, N. C. June ':. is.-,r. 51-6t DR. ',. CHER AS .Having located at MONROE, tenders his pro fcsaioaal services to the rhinas ot the Town and muroundiag country, and mpnifnllj soii eits their patronage. ? D&oa at J. Biehett'a April 2K 43-3m Notice. HAVING obtained Letters of ijaiiainlrsliwa upon the estate ot W. P. Trotter, deceased, I B v ' notice to all persons indebted to the late firm i". Trotter ft Son, by note or booh account tor the last four or five yearn, to come J rwardand pay the same without dehvy.and lh leby a,ve vost. the euiu ern liHW lie sot 'I'M' TH08. TROTTER, Adm'r at:d Surviving Partner. Feb. 3d, 1857. 31-tf Th-- 'a:, h and Jewelry busiaem will in th. man ! coadncaed by the nbacnibtr, who will s;' irf no Miu or expense to giv- general satin ' tiou. Watch r. j- .iritiir aaaw in a superior maa- ", and at the shsrtrst notice. THOS. TROTTER. For the Xeatert stock of Clothing Villi MTM ir. , .v !.. L',...,.,,;,,,.. .f P.,.l Ml of . -, l.lllniiii i l 1 Kl LUNGS k CO. XT For the Prettiest stock of Clothing Von ever saw go to the Emporium of Fah of FULLDiGS A CO. X-? For the Cheapest stock of Clothing "u ewr saw go to the Emporium of Fash- Km of Fl FULLIXGS h O . State of orfh Carolina. Whkkeas, the last General Assem bly, hy an act entitled, "A supplementary act to take the sense f the people of the State relative to the proposed amendment of the Constitution," did enact as follows : Whereas, a bill to amend the Constitution of the State of North Carolina, has been read in each house of te present General Assembly on three several days, and agreed to hy two-thirds of each house respectively, in the precise words following: "A hill to amend the Constitution of the State of North Caroliua :" Whereas, at the session of the last Gen eral Assembly, begun and held in Raleigh, On the third .Monday of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hun dred and fifty-four, a bill, entitled "a bill to amend the Constitution of theState of North Carolina." was read tin t o times in each house of the said General Assembly, and agreed to by three-fifths of the whole num ber of members of each house respectively. And whereas, the bill so agreed to hath been duly published six months previous to the election of the members of this present General Assembly, according to the clause of section one of article four of the amend ed Constitution, and th directions con tained in the second section of the said bill; and it is the intention, by this hill, to agree to the preamble and first section of the bill aforesaid, containing the said alteration of the Constitution of this State : And whereas, a large number of the people are disfran chised by the freehold qualification now re quired of voters for members of the Senate; therefore, lie it enacted fry the General As sembly t'J lhc Slate ofFiorth Carolina, and it is hereby enacted In tu e a ti ! ftor i Lij oj the sante two-third of the whole number of members of each house concurring. That the second clause of the third seel ion of the first article of the amended Constitution, ratified by the people of North Carolina, on the second Monday of November, in the year of our L'rd eighteen hundred and thirty-five, shall be amended to read as follows : ' Every free white man oj'lhc age of twenty-one years, be ing a native or naturalized citizen of the United States, and who has been an inhabi tant of the State for twelve months immediate ly preceding the day of any eleetion, and shall have paid public taxes, shall be entitled to rote for a member of the Senate for the dis trirt in which he resides.'" And whereas, it was further provided by the said act, "that the foregoing amendment to the Constitution of thi State, as embodi ed i'i the preceding section, be submitted by the Governor to the people on the first Thursday in August. 1857, sixty days no tice having been given in ten newspapers": NOW, THEREFORE, I do hereby give notice to all persons entitled to vote for members of the House of Commons, that polls will be opened on the first Thursday in August next, by the Sheriffs of the respec tive Counties, at the election precincts within the same, to take the sense of the sai.i voters as to tne ranncation or said amendment to the Constitution of the State; those for ratification to vote with a written or printed ticket "Approved in those op posed thereto to vote with a similar ticket 'AyJ Approved Given under my hand, as Govern or of the State of North Carolina, at L.S. the Lxecutive office in the City of Raleigh, on the 18th da' of May, A. 1.. IS"). By the Governor: THOS. BRAGG. Pt'LASKi Cowpkk, I'r. Sec'y- May c;. 7. ni BOOKS For Salo AT THB CHARLOTTE BOOK STORE. The American Sportsman : containing hints to Sportsmen, notes an shooting, and the habits of the Game Birds and Wild Fowl of America, by Lewis. 'I'm: Golden Legacy: a story of Life's Phases. Kills from the FOUNTAIN or LIFE, or Ser mons to Children, by Rev. li. New ton, I). D. The Daisy Chain or Aspirations: a Family Chronicle. Suoepac Recollections : A Way-Side Glimpse of American Lifby Waler March. Kathie Brande: a Fireside History of a Quiet Life. b. Holme Lee. Household Mysteries, by Lizzie Pitt. El Grixuo, or New Mexico and her People. l'u l Fane, by N. P. Willis! Vi va, or the War of the Peasants and the Conscript: two interesting Romances bound in one Volume. Tut: Napoleon Dynasty, or the History of tin- Bonaparte Family: an entirely new worn, !y tl.e Berkley Men, "with twenty-two authentic Port nuts, Cail at P. .1. COWRIE'S Book Store. March .".1. 1857. 39-tf H. B. Dowler 6c Co's CELEBRATED WHEAT FANS. The subscribers are now engaged at Monroe, Union county, N. C, in putting up the above named Fans. In their manner of construction ami operations and entire adaptation to thenar poses for which they are designed, these Fans an- unequalled by say that ha ve hen tofoic been offered to the puldic. Th- y are constructed ot the best materials, and none hut the beat work men ave employed. An experieuce oi five years in the business jastilii n tin- belief that entire satisfaction will he o-iven. Ail oar work is warranted. I . All orders will re ive prompt attention and the machinery delivered according to order. Rift n met 1 A. Covington. .). 1' Houston, Munroe, N C. Jam s 1? Rwbinson, Benj Morrow, Mecklenburg county. Win (i South, Dr Wadkins. Anson conntv. ROSE A- STEEL. Monroe, Union eountv, March '2th. Cm sj r iTLir 7c fjiT, mr r Knew A rcw Tailoring Kstal lihiiient. JAMES UK I A XT informs his friends and 'i rnw r patrons, that he has reopened bis TAIL ORING ESTABLISHMENT in the op-stairs of the Building next to the Bank of theState, where he will be happy to see all those wanting any thin; done m his line. All work warranted. Oct. !Wtb, H.'.i", 17-tf John Henry' Wayt, II. 11.. SURGEON DENTIST, Graduate of the. Baltimore College of Dental Surgery,) Having located permanently, tenders his pro fessional services to the citizens of Charlotte, N. C, and vicinity. Dr. Wayt prepares and inserts artificial palates and obturators, and attends to the correction of congenital and accidental deformities of the teeth and jaws. He is also prepared to insert artificial teeth, after the most approved methods. I Ladies waited on at their residences if on Tryon Street, in Carson's new building, up stairs. Nov. 18th. 20 tf. Ready-Made Clothing AND Furnishing Establishment. SPRINGS & HEATH RESPECTFULLY inform their fiiendsand the public generally that they have received and are receiving an extensive assortment of Ready Made Clothing at their old stand on the north side of Mint street, to which they invite atten tion. Gentlemen's COATS; Among their .stock may be found IMack Cloth Coats, single and double breasted; black and drab Alpacca in Sacks, Frocks and Raglans; French and English Drap-d'Ete; plain and tan cy Cassimeres, gotten up in nice suits; plain and fancy Linen Marseilles, in suits; white Linen Drill and Linen Duck; each style embracing the different cuts, Sacks. Frocks and Eaglaus. PANTALOONS ; Pants of French and American Cassimeres, black and fancy; black and fancy Alpacca, steel cloth and French and English Drap-d'Ete ; plain and fancy Linen and Marseilles of all grades. They would call especial attention to their lot of TESTS, both single and double breasted, embracing black and figured Silk, black Satin, and the prettiest lot of Marseilles Vests ever offered in this market. Gents Furnishing Goods, The largest lot in this market, consisting in part of plain and fancy Linen and Cotton Collars, Byron &, Bishop; linen and cotton Draw ers; plain and fancy Hosiery ; (.loves, silk, kid, A;c.: a variety of Cravats, silk and linen ; Hand kerchiefs, silk and linen; Suspenders, &.C., &c. ALSO, A tine lot ot HA I 8 tor the hummer wear, eni-4- bracingall the latest stj'les of the .Silk, Cassimere and Felt Hats; Straw, Leghorn, and Panama do. They offer the above Goods VERY LOW FOR CASH, or to punctual dealers on time, with the express understanding that accounts are due when they want the money. They return their thanks to their customers for tin- liberal patronage heretofore bestowed upon them, and hope to merit a continuance of the same by diligence in business and untiring ef forts to please. Call and examine their Goods. SPRINGS dt HEATH, Charlotte, N. C. April 7, I?.")?. 40-tf FOR THE LADIES A large assortment of Fancy Hair and Tooth Brushes of every quality : French, English and American Pomades for the hair; Luhin's Ex tracts of Jockey club, violet, marechale, tea rose, cedar, heleotrope, rose, new mown hay, sweet scented shrub, sweet pea, mouseline, bouquet Napoleon, summer, blossom, milleflow ers, upper ten. jasmine, Caroline, musk. Cologne, Verbena, Jasmine, and Geranium Waters, Vc. Just received at SCAUR & CO'S April 14th. Drug Store. Temple of Fashion IS NOW OPEN. Something; Entirely New. . - - - - - GENTLEMEN, one and all, young and old, who wish to wear Good, Fine Clothes, go to J. W. COLE'S NEW CLOTHING EMPORIUM, First Door above v'er's Hotel, formerly occupied by Lowrie's Book Store, where you can get the best fits and the finest clothes for the least money than anywhere else in the State. The oyds are all made up to order expressly for this market. Everything is "rotten up in the very latest and neatest styles, and the making of every piece is Warranted. to last, or otherwise made good. Let all go and look at his well selected stock of Ready made Clothing, and be sure to examine his prices; he will put you up a suit so low that you will be compelled to wear tine clothes. Gentlemen wishine any particular snits, by li"vmo- their measures, can liav them in 12 days, warranted to suit or no I Miilcs. ' Ho intends to sell very low and conduct a ' strictly Cash Business. "The purchaser will'. certainly find the Ciwfa System at least 80 per cent, in his favor. His motto is "quick sales ij and small profits," for CASH ONLY. Yes, if i you want the worth of vour money come to me, j. vt . c ig i. Charlotte, April 28, l-"7 . Om DR. II. M. PUITHIARD'S I9RK.T STOKE IS REMOVED to the Stand on the North corner of Public Square, known as Irwin's Cor ner, where he wiil be gkul to see his friends and customers. Mav 1, 1857. 43-tf Cigar, Tobacco, FRUITSTORE. THE subscriber respectfully informs the citi z us of Charlotte ami suiTounding country, that he has just received a splendid assortment of SPANISH CIGARS of the choicest brands. Also, a fine article of CHEWING TOBACCO, FRUITS d COXFECTIOXERIES. JAS. 1. PALMER, Opposite Boone &, Co 's Sho Store. Charlotte. April 7. 1857. 40-tf WESTERN DEMOCRAT. LCHARL0TTE.3 ELUCIDATIONS OF OBSCURE TERMS IN THE DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF , NORTH CAROLINA From the Raleigh Register. In the first volume of the interesting history of North Carolina by Dr. Hawks, the reader cannot failed to have noticed in the documentary portion of the work, a considerable number of obscure Indian terms, relating principally to the. natural products of the "new found land of Vir ginia." Some of these are correctly and satifactorily explained by Dr. H.; others are passed by as being unknown. As the Indian dialect of that period has become nearly extinct, their true identification can only be reached through the short, and, in many instances, vague descriptions of the narrative. With a view of aiding in these investigations, so intimately connected with our einbryotic existence as a nation, and worthy of antiquarian research, the writer proposes to offer additional exr lanaf ions, .o , . , , . , , e,tber real or conjectural, leaving the read- er to draw his own conclusions as to their correctness. On page 75 (voyage of Amades and Bar lowe, 1584.) we have a glowing description of the great abundance of grapes found on Roanoke Island by the first colonists sent out by Sir Walter Raleigh. The allusion is undoubtedly to the well known Scupper nong, (Sweet water of the Indians) still abundant in the whole Albemarle region. Of this species, ( Fills rotundifolia) there are several varieties common on the sea coast, and throughout the interior and western portions of the State. The Cataw ba grape (variety of V. Labrnsca,) is fast acquiring a World-wide notoriety. It is said to have been first noticed by Col. Mur ray, of Buncombe county, N. C, in 18U2, on the head-waters of the Catawba, and is destined to prove a mine of wealth to many an enterprising citizen of the United States. From it, Mr Longworth, of Cincinnati, and others, arc now making a wine of great excellence, known as the "sparkling Ca tawba. The Isabella grapo is, also, another es teemed variety of Carolina origin, well adapted to table use. Other varieties, of nearly equal excellence, are found in the western part of tho State. But it would require a volume to do justice to this fruit ful theme of vinous flavor. On page 100, (voyage of Sir Richard Greenville, 1585.) allusion is again made to the abundance of grapes of large si.'.e. "Maize, or Guinea wheat," is also mention ed, and the early information given that "perfect sugar" may be made from the stalks. Truly have the Indians been bene factors to the human race in the introduc tion of this most valuable of tho cereal grains ! On page 154, (Hariot's Narrative, 1580) certain merchantable commodities arc enu merated. "Silk of Grass, or Grass Silk," is proba bly bear grass, (Yucca Filamentosa,) com mon on the sea-coast, and in sme parts of the interior. The thread like appendages on the edge of the leaf, and more particu larly its fibrous substance, lhay be con verted into articles of coarse fabric. Elliot says (Botany of S. C. and Ga.) "The leaves of this plant twisted and tied together are used for strings, ropes, and even cables for small boats." On page 157 we read "Oil. There are two sorts of walnuts, both holding oil," dec. The allusion here is probably to the hickory nut, as all of the species formerly passed under the name of walnut. "r urs. All along the sea-coast there are great store of otters," dec. The otter is still sparingly found on tho Catawba river and other western streams. The skins are usually dressed, and converted into shot-pouches. " Luzerne (spelt Lucent in Bailey's Diet. fol. ed. 1730) is the name of a spot ted animal, about the size of a wolf inhabit ing the wilds of Bussia." Hariot proba- bl7 alludes to the panther, then found in tn0 "tterlor of the State, but long since driven to the mountains, On page 100. " Dvcs of divers kinds." . 1 - "Besides the Sumach for dying black, the roots of false bugloss, ( Btttsehia canescens) the Puccoon. and others were used by the Indians for imparting a red color to their faces, deer-skins, rushes for making mats, baskets, tec. On page 1G4. There is a herb which iu Dutch is called Melden. There is here a slight mistake in orthography by the narra tor himself. Melde, in German, is the name of a pat-herb called oraeht (Atripiex hortensis.) The natural order to which it belongs furnishes jnany plants which, after being burnt, yield soda, or "salt -earth,"1 as the historian quaintly calls it. "Openank are a kind of roots of round form," 5cc. This is unquestionably the Indian potato (Apios tuberosa) common in low-grounds. The numerous tubers con nected together on a long root are very farinaceous when cooked, and might be cultivated as an article of food. "Okeepenank are also of round shape, found on dry grouuds," Ac. This alludes to the large tuperons roots of one or more species of Convolvulus, which, after lying in the ground a considerable time, lose their acrimony, and become edible. "Kaishuepenaiik, a white kind of roots, about the bisrness of hens' eggs," &c. This would seem to allude to the common potato, (solanum tuberosum.) If really this, it goes to prove that there was a more extended commercial intercourse between tho Indians of our sea-coast at that early day, and the Spaniards of the West Indies and South America than is generally sup posed. The first definite account wo have of this useful vegetable is by P. Cieca (chronicles of Peru) in 1553. lie says the natives of Peru have, besides maize, a tubercular root, they call Papas. It is usually stated that it was carried to Eug land by some of the returning colonists under Sir Walter Raleigh, in 1580. Two years afterwards, Clusius obtained two tubers, planted them, and gave the first representation of the plant in 1599. "Trinaw" probably alludes to the tuber ous roots of a species of Smila.v (S. pseudo China) which may be rendered edible. It is said, with these roots, Indian corn, sas safras and molasses, the negroes in South Carolina manufacture a pleasant beer. "Coscushaw" may be cassara of the West Indies, as supposed by Hariot (Jani- pba manihot) from which the granulated starch Tapioca of commerce is prepared. It is, however, a tropical plant, but might be raised on the sea-coast of our State. "Habascon" is the horse-radish, or some other stimulant plant of the same natural order. " Susqueuummencr," found in shallow waters, is probably a liliaceous plant. It may be here remarked, that many roots and fruits which are acrid, or even poison ous, in their natural state, may be render ed inert and edible by long boiling, 'or otherwise dissipating their deleterious prop erties. No people in the world understood this art bettor than the Indians. ' "Sagatemener, Osamener and Pummuck oner," are the names of different kinds of acorns, some of which are sweetish and may be eaten. The beach-nut, hazel-nut, Ac, were also used by the Indians as articles of food. "Ascapo," on page 170, is either the bay-tree, (Magnolia glanca) sometimes call ed swamp-laurel, or the common spice bush (laurus benzoin) which is " hot in taste and spicy." Thus, has the writer brought under re view, the principal obscure terms of the documentar history of North Carolina, and offered brief explanations. The reader of Miese old and venerable chronicles will, no doubt, be surprised to find the great amount of accurate information and suggestions which they contain. He will also learn that the Indians were not only the original owners the native "lords proprietors" of the American continent, but the original discoverers of nearly all of the alimentary and medicinal plants now in use. And no where did the first colonists find u greater variety of vegetable and mineral products known and appreciated by the natives, than on tho coast of North Carolina. Lincoln co., N. C. C. L. EL A NEW THEORY. A writer in the National Intelligencer is advocating the theory that the moon is simply the indicator of the earth's electric changes, and that the moon itself has no appreciable effect upon this planet that j tie moon is a fragment of the earth, is negative to it, and revolves upon its own axis, within the earth's atmosphere; that the earth is enveloped in an ocean of electric , vapor, dense and compound upon its solid surface, whose gases separate, however, as j they deepen outward, me rare aiwas emanating from and resting on the more dense until we reach in outward order fluorine, electricity and magnetism, that subtle element pervading all space; and that, observing the various atmospheric strata above and the solid strata below us, it is not difficult to perceive that men, animals and vegetable forms are existing in the centre of the earth's stratification. The electric lines of variation are those extending finnm llm Nnrtb Irt llm RauAIi nolp! the ..... t . . i l r i i j . u v.. I , dia-magnetic or dia-electric lines are e those i ovtoioiiior firnnnil tho earth from et to .,.....t, East, and are ever variable. It is the I variableness of these diaelectric current, savs this writer, that produce all the phenomena attributed to the influence of the moon upon the earth. A Canadian jury iu a murder trial last month, resorted to a "toss up" to decide whether the verdict should be murder, manslaughter, or simple assault. The result was for manslaughter, but eight of the twelve still refused to assent, and thev agreed to light six against six, across the table for a verdict. They omitted this, however, and spent the night in singing and dancing. They reported disagreement and were discharged. It is stated that no fly will enter a room in which a wreath of walnut leaves has been hung up. The experiment is worth trying. HOW THEY MARRY AND LIVE. A young man meets a pretty face, falls in love with it, courts it, marries it, goes to housekeeping with it, and boasts of having a home and a wife to grace it- The chances are nine to one that he has neither. Her pretty face gets to be an old story, or be comes faded, or freckled, or fretted ; and as the face was all he wanted, all ho paid attention to, all he sat up wifh, all he bar gained for, all ho swore to lore, honor and protect, he gets sick of his trade, knows a dozen faces which ho likes better, gives up staying at home evenings, consoles himself with cigars, oysters, and politics, and looks upon his home as a very indifferent board ing house. A family of children grow up about him ; but neither he nor his Hfuce" know anything about training them go they come up helter-skelter; made toyof when babies, dolls when boys and girh. drudges when young men and women ; ana m. m so passes year after year, anu not one quiet, happy, homely hour is known through out the entire household. Another young man becomes enamored of a "fortune." He waits upon it to parties, exchanges billet doux with it, pops the question to it, gets "yes" from it, takes it to the parson's, weds it, calls it "wife," car ries it home, sets up an establishment with it, introduces it to his friends, and has got a home. It's false. He is not married. ind has no home ; and he soon finds it out. He is in the wrong box, but it is too kite to get out of it. lie might as well hope to escape from his coflin. Friends congratu late him, and ho has to grin and bear it. They praise tho house, the furniture, the cradle, the Bible, the new baby, and then bid the "fortune" and he who husbands it good morning ! As if he had known a good morning since he and that gilded for tune were falsely declared to be one. Take another case. A young lady is smitten with a pair of whiskers. Curled hair never before had such charms. She sets her cap for then. ; they take. The delighted whiskers make an offer, proffer ing themselves both in exchange for one heart. The dear miss is overcome, with niagnaiiimit', closes tho bargain, carries lome the prize, shows it to pa and ma, calls herself enratred to it, thinks ther never was such a pair of whiskers before, and they are married. Married ! Yes, the world calls it so, and we will. What is the ; result? A short honeymoon, nd then they i unluckily discover that they are unlike as ! chalk and cheese, and not to be made one, , though all the preachers in Christendom ironounce it so. THE TOILS OF A NEWSPAPER. Marryatt wrote very truly, that "news paper literature is a link in the chain of literature which proves the greatness of England, and every support should be given to newspapers. The editors of these papers must have a most enormous task. It ! is not the writing of the leading articles itself, but the obligation to write that article every week, whether inclined or not, in sickness or in health, in affliction, disease of mind, winter and summer, year after year, tied down to the desk, remaining in one spot. It is something like the walking of a thousand miles, in a thousand hours. 1 have a fellow feeling, for I know how a j periodical will wear down one's exigence, i In itself, it appears nothing; thc labor is not j manifest; nor is it the labor, it is the continual attention which it requires. Your ifo becomeH M it wcro the publication. One paper U no sooner comrtej and printedj than on cornos an endless repetition of m constant weight upon the mind, a continua, wearing upop the iltelk.ct nad demUlding a thc exerti,jns ()f vour acullj the same timc compelled to do the severest drudgery. To write for a paper is very well, but to edit one is to commend yourself to slavery." Ex. Sinoulak. The Milwaukee (Wis.) Erst Democrat rays that two persons named Lynch, father and son, were killed by lightning in Muskego last week, while the sun was shining in all its splendor. They were at work in a field. The present edition of the London ..... A1,,IW nuiuuering fja Many, is mes, numbering 53,000 epics daily, is printed on six presses three vertical ones. V'l'l o paiASAAfcJ aim kiucv uuiuaiuwu. The largest of the vertical presses throws off nine papers at every revolution r,f the main cylinder; the two smaller ones eight pape rs each. The three horizontal presses j work four cylinders each. In order to use such a number of different presses, the office has twenty-four columns- of matter electro typed every morning. A new press has been ordered from the linked States, and Hoe k Co., of New York, will soon hare one of their new patent presses ofmmmnotb size operating in the Tiines office. Their f present machinery is driven by two engin a of thirteen liorse power eacn. The isue of the paper each morning makes a pile fifty feet high. Every four days it would make a column as high as the London monument. The entire force em ployed in the printing department is three hundred, includiug reporters and proof readers. WHAT DO FARMERS NEED ? The Agricultural interest is the most im portant and most universally diffused at the South. But since the freshness and the exuberant vigor of tho soil has bopomo somewhat exhausted, there is nn evident hingour in agricultural enterprise, and a casting about for other sources of profit and' more lucrative employments. Men sheink from investing capital in a buMness, at present esteemed precarious and unpro fitable, while nt the same time, they are afraid to venture into the untried field of manufactures. From these causes, thh capital of the country is seeking invest ment in bank stock, and the young men of energy are rushing into professions, or seeking in the areiin of speculation, the dazzling bubble of a fortune. Thoy do not stop to consider, that such a condition of things cannot long continue that agricul ture must form the basis of all real wealth, since it alone can furnish the comforts and Aecessities of life which ure wealth. But Mprned and neglected it must droop in lunrruur, while every other business depen dent on this, is inevitably paralyzed and staguavul. It is capital i-.nd economy that the farm ers need. The idea of working hundreds of acres of poor luM without tho means of improving and enriching it, is contrary to ail the principles of sound economy. Many of our fanners with lund enough to create them Baron's and Lords, were thoy in Europe, cannot command money enough to meet tho common necessities of life, to say nothing of improving tho productive ness of the soil. Were it not for tho gradual rise in the value of land, such suicidal polio would make them a nation of bankrupts. This, with the increase of slaves, keeps up tho farmers of the South, for they have never learned lo make tann ine; per se profitable. Their policy i ex actly that of the speculator, who would in vest a largiJ sum in the purchase of a min eral spring, and then from false ideas of economy, refuso to expend upon it that amount necessary to make it a placo of fashionable resort. It is a dead weight upvn his hands. Yes, it is capital the farmer needs, and a wise system of legislation would labor to turn as much of the element as possible in to this channel, without holding out induco- ments to speculation, and a course ot policy Ul,cct,y aaUMam to the economical m- Crests of the State, by the chartering of private banks. To develope our agricultural and manufacturing resources is the only method of preventing scarcity in provis ions and stagnation in business. But it is impossible to do this without first withdraw - ; ing the funds invested in speculations, for there is no employment which requires such a largo amount of capital for successful prosecution as the proper culture of the I sou. in regain to munutacturnig. a laise idea is prevulent, namely, that there is something conflicting between it and agri culture. These two employments aro mutually dependent on each other, and there is no reason why they should not exist harmoniously in close proximity. It will of course require a surplus of labor be fore both can bo prosecuted to any groat length. But it is agreeable to common sense, as well as good economy, to ravo the cost of transportation, commissioners wages and various incidental expenses, by manufacturing amid tho farmers, a sufficient amount to supply their wants, and to make the entire community independent of the aid of those nt a distance. We hope to tee the day. when more attention, and far more capital, will bo brought to the de velopment of our farming resources, and as soon as we can command the labor, let us by all means have our own manufactures. Yorkville Enpjirer. Rbmkdy for tiik C8MCH livn. Wo published recently a note from the Hon. Abram fteneher, stating that fish oil had been found an excellent remedy for tho chinch bug now destroying the corn. Mr. Bench' r lias addressed us another note on the sul 'jeer, in which he says he has found the remedy entirely succesHful, but that some of his neighbors complain tin t it kill their corn. So it does his corn, says Mr. It., if applied in too large a quantity. Ho says, "take a feather from the wing of a chic'reiror goo.-. . clip off a small piece of the little end, dip the feathery part hi oil, and run it down between the boot and tho stalk of the two lower blade, wipe off th oil remaining on the feather on tho outside of the -talk near the groruML The oil kill the bugs it torn hes, and the balance disap pear." Mr. Rencher adds: "I bare just returned frorr. my cornfield, which border- ed n my wheat field for two hundred yards and where the chinch bug appeared in great force. Their ravages were irrsnted by tho a plicatioa of the oil, and the com looks as well at this time as if there never had been a bug upon it. However iiiifiiccess fu! others may be in the application at fish od, I consider myself indebted to it for the safety of my cornfield. I write this from fear that some persons my b discouraged by an improper application ot the oil. Raleigh Standard. Some of the- had-stones, says the Fredericksburg News, during the li ail storm which passed over that section on the 1st instant, weighed six pounds. About 100 frogs were also rained down on the devoted citv of Fredericksburg.