Newspaper Page Text
WESTERN DEMOCEAT, OHAELOTTE, 3ST. C.
SPEECH OF GEN. JOE LANE, the U. S. Senate on the I9lh of Dec, 1859, In on the Territorial question. MR. LANE. I was unfortunate, Mr President in not hearing the point which was submitted by the Senator from Ohio in the course of his speech to the Northern Democratic Senators. I noticed that the Senator from Minnesota rose and respond ed, but I did not hear what was the question sub mitted. MR. PUG II. The question which I proposed, refering to the statement contained in the speech of the Senator from California at Grass Valley, was, whether the other Democratic Senators from the non-slaveholding States held the position that any man who entertains Judge Douglas' opinions or mine for they essentially differ in some things as to the power of a Territorial Legislature, was tinfit to sit at the head of the Committee on .ter ritories, or to be received into the ranks of the Democratic party whether it was a cause of ex clusion? MR. LANE. Mr President, I desire to say to the Senator that it is not my purpose to prescribe rules or a platform of principles for the Democratic party. I nad nothing to do with displacing Judge Douglas from his position as Chairman of the Com mittee on Territories; but I will say to my friend from Ohio that I have very great respect for him, and that I have no doubt there are man' good Democrats in the Northern States who do not agree with inc upon the Territorial question. I would not say that any one of them who disagrees with me, and holds different principles on that point, is not a good Democrat; nor da I pretend to say that the fact that Judge Douglas holds the views or opinions he does on this point would have been a good reason with me for opposing his election to the chairmanship of the Committee on Territories. He had been displaced before I become a member of this body. It was done by Democratic Senators whose devotion to the Constitution, the Union, and the rights of the States no man will undertake to gainsay. "VYhile I am npMr. President, I will say that I have my views in relation to the Territorial ques tion and I am sorry to find that they differ very mate rially from those of my friend from Ohio; but lam . sure he is a good Democrat. There is no doubt about that; and I know I am a good Democrat. Then, sir, how can I undertake to say that gentle men, differing in opinion on the Territorial ques tion, shall not act together as Democrats when the salvation of our country depends upon the suc cess of the Democratic party? I think that the principles of the Democratic party are the true principles of this Government, and they must be maintained, they cannot be compromised. Seeing and feeling as I do the importance of union, on the pait of Democrats, on all great questions, I would not rule out any member of that party because ho did not f eel as I do in relation to Territorial mat ter??. I have great respect for Judge Douglas; I be lieve him to be i Democrat; but I have a right to differ even from him, ami I do differ in opinion from Judge Douglas, and al.-o from my friend from Ohio, in regard to the power of the people in the Territoricsr I hold that the territory of the coun try is the common property- of the whole country, that the people of every State of this Union have equal rights in the Territories, and that while they remain in a Territorial condition the inhabitants cannot, by unfriendly legislation or by a system of unequal taxation, debar the people of any State from admission there; or, in other words, that they cannot by legislation infringe on the rights of the people of any State. Rut let me give an illustra tion; I hope the Senate will allow me to make a case. Application has been made to Congress during the last two or three years for the organization of a Territorial government in Arizona. Arizona is in the southern portion of our country. The climate is warm; the soil is adapted to cotton; it is rich in mineral resources. 1 have no doubt that Elave labor could be used to ndvantage in Arizona. I believe it could be profitably used there for the production ot cotton. I saw the cotton-fields on the Gila in the winter of 148; I picked the cotton out of the bolls, examined its quality and texture, and found it to be fine. Cotton can be grown and produced there in abundance. Resides the cotton, slave labor could be used profitably in the mines of that region, and in agricultural pursuits. That being the case, representing, as I do, a Northern State, elected by the Democracy of a Northern State, I could not for one moment consent that the people of the South should rush out there as soon as a Territorial government was organized, get possession of the Legislature, and, by a system of unfriendly legislation or unequal taxation, under take to keep the people of the North out ot that Territory. "We would not submit to4it at all; we would say at once they have no right to pass such laws; and I believe any honest court, such a one as would be gent to that Territory, would decide such enact ments invalid, as violating that principle of equali ty of States upon which this government niu.t rest. The principle of equality ofthe States must be maintained. Their equal rights in the Terri tories is so clear to my mind that I cannot imagine how any gentleman can gainsay it. The Territory is the common property of all the States, and I am sure the Northern people would not submit to any such system of taxation, or any such legislation in in a territory as would exclude them. Hie North cm Democracy are just: and while they would not 6ubmit to that course of policy on the part of the South, they would not attempt to exclude the South by a system to which they would not sub mit themselves. I understood the Senator from Ohio, in response to the Senator from Mississippi, to say that the right was with the people of a Territory to estab lish or prohibit slavery. W ell, Mr President, I desire to say that I do not believe that the people of a Territory .have the right to exclude, or establish, or abolish slavery. No such right is conferred on them by the Consti tution. I recognize the principle of the eaualitv ofthe States their equal rights in the Territories. Any man has a right to go from any State ofthe union into tne common territories ot this govern mcnt, and take with him whatever is recognized as property in the State from whence he goes, and to hold it in the territory while the Territorial con dition remains; aud when tie people of the terri tory come to form a State government, they have & right to say whether the State shall be slave holding or non-slaveholdiug; and as they decide, it is the duty of Congress to admit them. But I hold that the people of a Territory have not a right to prohibit slavery, aud I would not agree that they .have the right to establish it; because the territory U the common property of all the States of this Union, and every man, as I said before, has a right to go there and take with him his property, and enjoy that property while the territorial condition exists; and if the Legislature of a Territory shall undertake, by legislation, to bar the interests or the rights of any portion ofthe Union, I believe any honest court will decide such legislation to be null and void, because it is in conflict with the Constitution of the United States. I know mv friend will say that from that court there is an ap- peal to the Supreme Court of the United States. With the decision of the Supreme court the Dem ocracy ofthe North will be willing to rest. MR PUG II. Did I understand the Senator to say that a Territorial Legislature had no right to establish slavery any more than to prohibit it? I heard him imperfectly at this distance and I want to know if that is his proposition. MR. LANE. My proposition is that Congress has no power over the question of slavery; that they cannot, under the Constitution, establish it in a Territory, or prohibit it; and that a Legislative Assembly iu a Territory deriving its powers from Congress cannot do what Congress itself cannot do. MR. PUG II. Then you hold that a Territorial Legislature has no power to establish slavery ? MR. LANE. No power to establish it, and no power to prohibit it ; but that property goes there like all other property, on an equal footing with other property, and while the Territory is in a ter ritorial condition it has that protection which the Constitution extends to it, and which an honest court would give it, and the common law of the country secures to it. Mr. President, it is not my purpose to discuss this Territorial question. I am tired of it; and I hope that the discussion of it will soon cease; but it is so essential in ny judgment, that justice and right prevail that I feel it my duty to give my views in relation t the rights of all the fctates ot this country in a Territory, while it remains in a Territorial condition. I have heard gentlemen, Senators and others, talk about the value of the Union and their devotion to it. No man loves it more than I do, and no one would make greater sacrifices to maintain and preserve this Union. I would do it ..t the moment when the country re quires it, at the expense of every drop of blood; but to maintain that Union the Constitution must be maintained in its spirit, in its letter, and in its meaning. The principles of justice and equality must prevail in this country or there can be no Union. Sir, as much as I" love this Union, as much as I am dcoted to it and no one is more so than myself I would not ask to have this Union maintained by the violation of the Constitution it self. If the Northern States of this Confederacy could not have equal rights with the Southern States in the Territories, and equal justice under all circum stances, would they remain in the Union ? If we want to preserve it let us be just, do right, deal fairly by every portion of this country, and not hold" that the Territory belongs to the North, to free labor, or to the South, to slave labor; for it is not so. It belongs equally to all; all of them have an equal right in it; and I would submit to no wrongs from the South. Reing a Northern man, I would submit to nothing that infringes! the rights of the Northern States in the Territories of this Union. No man would be more prompt to resent a wrong, an insult, or an indignity, or injustice attempted to be perpetrated on the Northern States by the South, than myself; and while I submit to no wrong from that quarter, I would ask them to submit to none from us. 1 intend to be just by all; to deal rightly with the whole country; to know no section but the Constitution and the Union; to carry out its pro visions and its guarantees, and the rights which arc secured by it to the States of this confederacy. I do not see how any man who loves the Union and the constitution can discriminate between the sec tions of this country, a.id pretend to say that the ciinmon territory of all shall be given exclu sively to free labor or to slave labor. The citizens of the States have equal rights in the Territory while it remains in the Territorial condition; and when the people who inhabit it come to form a State Constitution, then it is their right to prohib it slavery or establish it, as they see lit, and they have a right to be admitted into the Union as they shall decide. I did not intend, sir, to say anything on this Territorial question, and I should not have said a word on this occasion, but that I heard very indistinctly some question which was propounded by the honorable Senator from Ohio, to which the honorable Senator from Minnesota rose to respond, and I desired to know what the question was, so that I. too, might respond. I say again to that Senator that the Democracy of the North differ in opiuion upon this question. I regret it. I can agree with him and with our old friend Douglas for they are both good Democrats upon all essential questions, this only excepted. They will both labor to prevent the election of a sectional man to the Presidency, and will, I have no doubt, do all in their power to secure the election of the nominees of the Charleston Convention. Doth love this Union; they stand upon the principle of right, as they understand it; but I must differ from them as to the power of the people in a - i ' , i 1 1 1 1 ,r n Tamii t .Minl nnniiftAn l.t c - I said before, they will, I have no doubt, labor faithfully with the Democracy to secure the election of the nominees of the Charleston Convention. Now, sir, I hope the Senator from Ohio is satis fied with my position as to the Territories, asd also with the fact that I recognize him as a good Demo crat, because I know him to be so, and 1 know he will not dispute my Democracy because I happen to differ in opinion with him upon a matter that I regard as essential to the peace and harmony of this country. I will say, before I take my seat, that this ques tion was made in our late election in Oregon, and I took an active interest in it; and it required the labor of sound Democrats there to secure the elec tion of a reliable national man to represent that State in this Congress. The question was plainly and fairly submitted to the people of Oregon, and in every speech that the member who represents that State, in the other branch of Congress, made before the people, he took the ground that the citi zens of all the States had equal rights in the Terri tories, and that the North had no right to infringe the rights of the South, or the South to infringe the rights of the North. I canvassed nearly every county in the State in that campaign, and I made mj-self understood everywhere. I made the point clearly that, in my judgment, all the States of this Union have an equal right, and ail their citizens had an equal in terest in the Territories rights that could not nor must not be violated. The Democracy of that State triumphed; and by their votes at the ballot box, endorsed that great principle one that must be maintained, one that cannot be violated; for on that great principle, the equality of the States in everything that belongs to the General Govern ment, the happiness of this country depends. M R DROWN. Mr President, I rise to express the deep gratification I feel at having listened to the speech of the Senator from Oregon. There is in it more of conservatism, more of genuine nation- ality, more of that broad sentiment which covers covers this whole country than in any speech I have heard pronounced m the Senate during the present ses- ; nessee, were presented as candidates by their re gion; and I perhaps should not be extravagaut if j Fpective States, and obtained a large support. They I said it contains more than I have heard durinz are now nil .trad ! firm a.;im,m .t th0 half a dozen sessions. The friends of Senator Douglas affirm that his prospects for the nomination at Charles ton and for election as next President, are hrifhfc- J cning every day. MODE OP TAKING THE CENSUS OP THE UNITED STATES. As this is the year for taking the census, the followins remarks in relation thereto, which ws find in the Washington Constitution, will be of in terest to many persons: The duties of this undertaking devolve upon the United States marshals, who appoint their own assistants. The general government has in each State or Territory one or more judicial districts with each of which is connected a marshal, who acts as high sheriff in the District Court of the United States. These marshals are required by law to subdivide their districts, and for each sub division to appoint an assistant, taking care not to include a greater population (by estimate) than 20,000 in any one sub-division. The assistants having been qualified, by oath, for the proper performance of their duties, are furnished, through the marshals, with blanks and instructions. In the prosecution of their work they are required to make two copies of their re- j port. The original returns are niea witn tne cieiK ofthe court of each countv, and the copies are for- ! warded to the marshal, who transmits one copy to ! the secretary of State for his district, and the other to the census office in Washington. Ihe compensation to the marshal is in proportion to the population enumerated by his assistants; should that exceed one million, be is pnid one dollar for each thousand persons enumerated; should the po pulation returned by his assistants be less than one million, he receives the sum of one dollar and twenty-five cents for each one thousand persons re turned a system of compensation sufficiently mod erate, but which may admit of the payment of a greater amount for a lesser service, as in the case of a marshal whose returns include 950,000 per sons at one dollar and twenty-five cents per thous and persons, no more than he whose returns do not much exceed a million an inequality not un usual in rating fees for mileage and other services. The assistants who perform the work of enumera tion are paid on a different principle, combining in a novel manner compensation for labor and travel, one which was found to operate very fairly and satisfactorily to the employees and government. His allowance is two cente for each person enu merated; for each farm, ten cents; for each estab lishment of productive industry, fifteen cents; for social statistics, two per centum on the amount al lowed for enumeration the population; and two cents for each mortality return, with ten cents for traveling expenses, to be ascertained by multiply ing the square foot of the number of dwelling houses in his district, by the square root ofthe number of square miles in his division; from the product whereof is to be derived the number of miles traveled, and eight cents per page for the two copies. The marshals and asr-istants in California, Ore gon, and Utah and New Mexico, under the opera tion of an amendment to the law, received com pensation at. the discretion ofthe Secretary of the Interior, which was determined by the addition of 10') per cent. LATER PROM EUROPE. Halifax, Feb. 2. The steamer America arri ved at this port to-day, bringing advices frmi Liv erpool to the 14th ult. The sales of cotton for the week amounted to 75.000 bales. The market closed steady. All qualities have slightly declined, ami holders are pressing their stock on the market. It was rumored that the Peace Congress would meet on loth. A commercial treaty had been con cluded between England and France. The High Prices for Negroes. There is a perfect fever raging in Georgia now on the subject of buying negroes. Several sales which have come under our ey within a month past afford an unmistakeable symptom ot the prevalence of a disease in the public mind on this subject. In view ofthe fabulous prices offered for this species of property, reflecting men are led to the enquiry, what is to be done to supply the deficiency which is produced with us by the great demand for negroes in the South-west? We are unable to give any satisfactory answer. But, so far as the effect which these high prices are to have in our own State, is concerned, we think we can truthfully say, the fever will soon abate in a very natural way. Men are borrowing money to-day at exorbitant rates of interest to buy negroes at exorbitant prices. The speculation will not sustain the speculators, and in a short time we shall see many negroes and much land offered under the Sheriff's hammer, with few buyers for cash, and then this kind of property will descend to its real value. The old rule of pricing a negro by the price of cotton by the pound that is to say, if cotton is worth twelve cents a negro man is worth twelve hundred dollars, if at fifteen cents, then fifteen hundred dollars does not seem to be regarded. Negroes are twenty-five per cent, higher now, with cotton at ten and a half cents, than they were two or three years ago, when it was worth fifteen and sixteen cents per pound. Men are demented upon the subject. A reverse will surely come. Millcchje vilte ((7a.) Union, Jan. 17tt. Sleeping with a Dead Person. We were put in possession of the facts of a case, a few days ago, and assured of their authenticity, which cause our blood to run cold upon every recurrence of them to our memory. A young man returning at a late hour, slightly inebriated, to his boarding place, a house in a row of buildings exactly alike in street, entered by mistake the house adjoining the one in which he lived. Groping his way in the dark up to the second floor, he unlocked what he supposed to be his room door and entered. j He could find no matches, undressed himself, i tumbled into bed and was almost immediately in a j hasty stupor. Some time in the night he was ! awakened by the contact of a cold body, and beinsr ! sobered, was enabled to sec by the rays of the moon in tne bed with him a dead man. Ihe truth flashed upon him immediately; he bounded from the bed, donned his clothes and rushed from the house, never waiting to lock the doors. The day previous a person had died in the house next, to his landlady's. The body had been habited in grave clothes and locked up in the room in which the intruder found it. He had not noticed the hardness of the bed nor its scanty covering, but laid down and slept several hours with the dead body. The young man says that the experience of that night has taught him a lesson which temperance lectures never could. J'Jtila. News. Remarkable Mortality. It is a remarkable . met mat nearly an mu tuiiuiuuies lor me ice ; Presidency in the Democratic National Convention ! at Cincinnati,. June, 185G, have since paid the debt of nature. Lynn Boyd, of Kentucky ; J. C. Dob- Kin. nf Xortli t'.-irnlln.i f!f!i. Onirm;in nf M;;a.; ; Gen. i?ust. nf Texas : Aaron V. ttmwn. nf T v. T " - - mivinii "- mv I 1 II number of votes of any candidate on the first ballot more even than Mr Rreckinridge, who finally received the nomination. He was nominated bv the eloquent arTd gifted Harris, of Illinois, who is also deceased. What changes time makes in four years ! THE HARPER'S PERRY COMMITTEE. Washington, Feb. 1. Senator Wilson was before the Harper's Ferry Investigating Committee to-day. He stated that early in May, 1858, Col. Forbes came to his seat in the Senate chamber and introduced himself. He informed him (Wilson) that he (Forbes) had been employed by Brown to go to Kansas and drill some troops, in 1857 that Brown had not paid him that his family were starving in Europe, and that the men in the East j who had contributed money for Kansas ought to pay him. Forbes was much excited at the time and denounced Brown and others. He said that some of the arms sent to Kansas had passed into Brown's hands and were stored in Iowa; that Brown was not a safe man, and that these arms ought to be taken from him. Supposing that Forbes referred to the Kansas border difficulties, and that Brown might retaliate any attacks upon I Kansas by the Missourians, he (Wilson) wrote to Dr. Howe, suggesting that he should see some of the contributors and get the arms out of Brown's hallds Ue sai(1 tiiatif these arms should be used for illegal purposes it would involve the contributors in trouble. Howe immediately answered that an order had been sent to Brown to deliver up the arms. The matter had passed entirely out of his (Wilson's) mind, and be had never heard a word about the organization for an invasion of Virginia, lie did not know that Howe had sent his letter to Brown. "PEOPLE'S PARTY." We have seen a good deal in the Northern the South- Opposition papers, and occasionally in ern anti-Democratic organs, about a "-People's Par ty," which was held up as being something quite different from the Black Republicans. To this "People's party" 31 r E. Joy Morris belongs, and Mr K. Joy Morris and others of this "People's Party" have been praised up by the Southern Op position and adolated by old Prentice of the Louis- ville Journal. Now, we really think that our Op position friends have had a lesson on the subject of misplaced confidence. Their pet, E. Joy Morris, with his satellites did, on Friday last, defeat the organization of the House, even when the gentle man proposed was a Whig, as Morris used to say he was. These "national" Opposition men from the North are all very well until they are tried. Mr Morris could make a show of nationality by voting for a Southern man, when there appeared to be no chance of his election, but when his vote so given would have elected a Southern man, he shows his true character by withdrawing it. Wilmington Journal. The Scene in the House on Friday. The Washington correspondent ofthe New York Times says of the scene in the House on Friday, when Mr Smith came so uear being elected: Before the vote had been announced, it was ar ranged that Messrs Bocock and Sherman should conduct the Speaker to the chair. The fact of an election seemed too good to be true. The hope was indeed delusive, for discovering that Mr Smith was actually elected, as the vote stood, Mr Mc Pherson of Pennsylvania who had led off in sup port of Smith, got up and changed his vote from Mr Smith to Mr Corwin, Mr Morris and Mr Scran- ton followed suit, thus reducing Mr Smith's vote to a hundred and twelve Mr Sherman then voted for the first time, wRich rendered a hundred and fifteen necessary to a choice. The Democrats then endeavored to obtain three votes more, and to again elect Mr Smith. Now Mr Cox, of Ohio, came to the rescue, and Mr Holmar, of TnCima, agreed to do likewise, provided the third man could be obtained. Every possible influence was brought to bear upon Allen of Ohio, and Davis of ludiana, but without effect, and the result was announced Mr Smith 112, Mr Sherman 106. If Mr Smith him self had not voted, he would still have been elect ed, as the votes of Cox and Holman would have been sufficient. The Democrats now urged anoth er ballot, but the Republicans resisted, and moved an adjournment. Mr Stanlon of Ohio stated that his friends would resist any effort to have another ballot, and thereupon the Democrats yielded to a motion to adjourn. Intense excitement prevailed throughout the whole proceedings. m Ma McClernand and the Speakership. -The 'vote given to 31r McClernand, of Illinois, was a very deserved compliment to him. He and the other North western Democrats have beet: fighting vigorously for the defeat of the Black Republican nominee. Not only aid they vote for a Southern Democrat, but they went even lurther; they went beyond their organization, and threw their vote for a Southern Opposition, in order that .Northern Black Republicanism might meet with defeat. We see that, in a despatch in the Charles ton Mrrcury, Mr McClernand is spoken of as a rree-soilcr. lhis charge we regard as untrue, it is doing gross injustice to a man who has fought throughout this hard contest with unwavering zeal and devotion, and tried as hard as any Southern man to defeat the free-soilism of the Republican party; and now, just as the contest closes, to brand him as a rree-soiler, shows a want of appreciation ' it of commendable conduct which we cannot sympa thize with. Columbia Carolinian. Heavy Robbery in Charleston. We learn from the Mercury, that Gen. Delza, an Ambassa dor from South America to the American Govern ment, who arrived at Charleston on the Isabel, from Havana, on Friday, 27th enronte to Washing ten, was robbed at the Charleston Hotel, on Satur day of a large amount of money and valuables. The Mercury says: He was robbed, by some person plundering his trunk while he was absent from the room but seven minutes. The plunder consisted of 2,000 in Spanish 100 reals pieces, coinage of 1850; 1,500 in 10 and 20 notes on the Rank of England; nine honorary decorary decorations, consisting of crosses, jewels, etc., of an intrinsic value of 10, 000; two heavy gold watches, jewelled, worth 500 each; two diamond rings, in gold settings, worth 800 each; and a collection of old rare and curious coins, valuable to collectors. Total value robbed, about 17,000. From attending circumstances, it is judged that Gen. Dclza was followed from Havana by some Cuban thief, who knew of the disposition of those valuables and seized the first opportunity to abstract them. Horrible Death We learn that last week Mr Li. T. Khatt, an aged and well known citizen of Murderkiln Hundred, in Sussex County, came to his death under the following painful circum stances: He had for some time past been engajred in the grain business. Having occasion, on Satur day week, to enter a granary which was empty, a laborer who was passing carelessly by closed the door, which, fastening on the outside, left Mr R. imprisoned. His family became alarmed at his prolonged absence, and search was instituted, but it proved unavailing, until the granary was casual ly opened on Saturday last, one week from his in carceration, when it was discovered that he had starved to death. His business acquaintance was very extensive, and his untimely death has cast a gloom over the neighborhood. Delaware Gazette NEWS ITEMS, &C. Wholesale Poisoning Case. Rochester, N. Y., January 30. The family of Hon. James O. Pettingill was poisoned at Adams' Basin, by strychnine. The family consist ed of Mr Pettingill, his daughter, Mrs. Marshall, and Mrs Lewis, a nurse. It is hoped Mr Pet tingill and his daughter will recover, but there are no hopes of Mrs Lewis getting well. A domestic in the house is strongly suspected of committing the deed, and she has been arrested. Cotton Burnt on the South Carolina Railroad. We clip the following from the Charleston Courier, of the 1st: "From a passenger, to whom we are indebted for information, we regret to learn that a fire occurred on the freight train from Augusta, by which six car loads of cotton, 210 bales each, were cousumed. Both the cars and cotton are a total loss, and it is estimated that about 159 yards of railroad track is also burnt. Fire in Goldsboro.' We learn that a fire occurred in Goldsboro', on Wednesday last, con suming three or four wooden buildings attached to the Griswold Hotel. The fire caught a bed in a negro house and spread from thence. It was with great difficulty that the Hotel was saved. A bill has been introduced into the Texas Legislature for the imprisonment of Northern drummers, teachers and preachers. Who is the Heir ? Benjamin McCraven and Joseph McCraven, who removed from York District, S. C, to the West, prior to 1810; and Archibald McCraven, who enlisted in Mecklenburg county, N. C,in 1814, or their legal representatives, will learn soulething to their advantage by addressing R. M. WALLACE, Yorkville, S. C. Hog Packing. The total number of hojjs pack ed in Cincinnati this season amounts to 432,051 head. That is in excess of any previous vear. At Terra Haute, Ind., the packing this season is es timated at 45,000 hogs. This is also an increase. From Texas. Later advices from Texas re ceived at New Orleans, 'state that a regiment of 1,000 mounted riflemen have been raised in that State for the protection of the frontier. A special messenger has gone to Washington to offer the services of this body of troops to the Government, and for equipments. Advices iroiu I'oint Isabel says: Cortinas, with a force of 2G0 men, is above Matamoras plunder ing Texans. The federal troops have returned to Brownsville, and the rangers are at Rio Grande City. The opinion prevailing on the frontier is that war with Mexico is inevitable. ' Charleston, Jan. 28. Francis Mitchel, a porter of the steamship Marion, was to-day sentenced to be hung on the 2d of March for assisting a slave in his attempt to leave the State on said steamer. It is likely he will be pardoned by the Gov ernor. Melancholy Accident. We learn that George 31. Wright, a very interesting little boy, son of Wm. x. Wright, Esq., of this town, fell into a dry well, in the yard attached to his father's residence. When taken out, he was found to have sustained such injuries on the head as rendered recovery impossible. He died this morning, hav ing been insensible since receiving the injuries of which he died. Wilmington Journal. Emigration to Texas. The emigration to Texas this season has exceeded that of any other heretofore known, and the frontier counties ofthe State are rapidly filling up. In- one week 1,030 negroes arrived at Galveston from the States of Mif-sissippi and Alabama, for the western portion of the State, and lands are accordingly increasing in value. TnE End. Rev. Pr. Cumming, of London, has issued another volume of sermons, in which he predicts that the world will come to an end in 18G7. Ah ! well; it may, or it may not; but it is very certain that the world will end with some of our readers before that time. "Re ye also ready; for such an hour as ye think not, the Son of man cometh." North Carolina Lhriitian Advocate. We find it stated in the newspapers that the Legislature of Mississippi has passed a law divorcing all married persons within the limits of that State who live apart for the period of 3 years. Domestic Tragedy. A man named Thos Faulkner, of Halifax county, Ya., who, while intoxicated, had a habit of amusing himself by frightening his wife, carried his joke a little too far a few days since. The Halifax Echo says : On this, as on previous occasions, he declared his intention of hanging himself. This he had done before, and had tied the rope to the joist and then around his neck, always taking care, however, to have it long enough, so that in stepping from the chair, box or whatever he used on the occasion to elevate himself he would easily reach the floor. On this occasion he tied the rope too short, and when he stepped from his elevation, instead of reaching the floor, broke his neck. ' GOLD MINES, WATER POWER. According to the terms of a mortgage to us made by A. h. Hovey, hsq, we will sell for cash at the Higli Shoals, Gaston county, N. C, on the 8th day of Xlurtli, 1SGO, that extensive and valuable property known as the "-HIGH SHOALS," consistinjr of 13,000 acres of Land, and embracing Gold Mines, Irou Ore Banks aud the best Water Power in the State. This property lies in thecdunties of Lincoln and Gas ton, on bolli sides of the South Fork of the Catawba River, commands the entire stream and a fall of 18 feet l tie uaia .Mines on the premises are now being op- crated and are known to be of great value and extent V. l BVXUM.l THOS. GRIEK, 98-6t January 31, I8G0 WIS TAR'S BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY. Proofs ol the great superiority of Dr. Wistar'a Balsam, pour ia from all parts of the country. Oxford, New Haven Co., Conn., Jan. 4. Dear Sir: Having wiinessed the efll-cis of Wistar's Balsam i-f Wild l herry, in the case of oneot my neighbors, who has open lor several years peri'iusiy nm:c! a wiin ine Phthisic, General Pulmonary Weakness, Bleeding ofthe Lunifs. etc.. 1 have hi-n induced to ask you to send ine some of the medicine. Mv neighbor, referred to above, Iftlelv harl n violent nitnr-k til filf-'f dlHH at the Lull t!, and distress in breathim;- He tried a bottle ofthe Wild Cherry, which has produced a most salutary ond favorable ehVct. Yours, HKNRY DUNHAM. None genuine i nless signed I. BUTTS on the wrapper. For sale in Chatlotteby E. N YE HUTCHISON &CO, February 7, 1S60 trr li ;a a fnmmnn ni.iiervaiKin that there are more ,K.rr.rmm Im.,Imv min Americans, than can be found 1 ......... nnu ,.ihor ..;,. The reason is obvious. We tike too Utile exercise, and forget lb wan-sol the body ! in the absorbing pursuits of business. In all such cases, ! ordinary medi lues can do link good. What is requited is I ..h . t. i..vi,mr.inr as Dr. J. IIietier has iTven to .he world, in hi.'CELEBKATED "BI ITERS.' Th- wpjiU and nirvous denizen ol the coi nui g-nouec, inc exhausted toiler rpmi the ship-board, and the prostrated student of the m.dni-hf lamp, have found a wonderful regenerator in the "Bitters," ai.d preler it to more pretf n tio'm, but less efficacious medicines. But it .hould not be forgotten that the agent which is so magical in ns influence upon a frame which is merely deb.htated, is equally powr. ful in assisting natnre to expef the most terrible forms ol disease. W ho will not give it a trial? Sold by druggists and dealers everywhere- Tor sale by E. NYE HUTCHISON & CO,, Charlotte January 10 COME IN AND SHUT THE DOOR. Oh! do not stand so long outside, Why need you be so shy? The people's eyes are open John, As they are passing by! You cannot tell what they may think, They've said strange things before, And if you wish to talk awhile, Come iu and shut the door. Nay, do not say "No, thank you, Jane," With such a bashful smile; You said when ladies whispered "No," They meant "Yes," all the while! My father too, will welcome you; I told you that before; It doesn't look well standing here Come in and shut the door. You say I did not answer you To what was said last night; I heard your question in the dark Thought on it in the light; And now my lips shall utter what My heart has said before. Yes, dearest, I but stay awhile Come in and shut the door! Cochrane & Sample Are opening at their HARDWARE STORE, opposite the State Hank, a complete assortment of American aud English Hardware, Cutlery, Guns, &c. Our Stock will consist in part of Pocket and Table Cutlery, Guns and Pistols, Iilack smith's and Carpenter's Tools, Building Materials, Glass, Putty, Nails, &c, &c. Jan. 24, 18G0. To Stock Raisers of IV. . The subscriber having purchased the celebrated Morgan Horse, Black Hawk, informs those desiring superior blooded-stock, that this Horse will be before the public during the ensuing Spring. For particulars, see large bills. A. B. DAVIDSON. Jan. 31, 18C0. tf Orem, Slopkins & Co., Importers & wholesole Dealers in CLOTHS, UASSIMEUkS, VESTISGS, PIECE TRIMMINGS, And Goods exclusively adapted to Men's wear. No. 238 Baltimore Street, BALTIMORE. Our Goods are expressly for the home and southern trade. January 31, 18G0 S2pd-5t SAMUEL P. SMITH, AtforiM')' tiiid Counselor at Lair, CHARLOTTE, N. C, Will attend pr&mptbj and thlijentb to collecting and remitting H claims intrusted to-hi.- care. Special attention given to the writing of Deeds, Con veyances, &c. OFFICE, with Wm. Johxsto.v, Esq. JgSf" During hour? of business, tint y be found in tb Court House, Olrice No. 1, adjoining the clerk's oflk-e. January 10, 1800 Garden Seeds! Garden Seeds!! From Landreth's celebrated Nursery. A lare supply of Vegetable Seeds of all the important varieties. Also, Clover, Grass, and other Seeds, with a variety of choice Flow er Seeds, just received at Jan. 17, 18t0. SCAUR'S Drug Si ore. New and Fashionable 27" urnituro AYAEE EOOMS, Charlotte, X. C. J. M. SANDERS & Co., arc constantly re ceiving from New York, Boston, &c, a general assort ment of fine and fashionable FUKMTtllh, which they will sell at extremely low prices for Cash, and every article warranted to give satisfaction. Those iu want of good Furniture, at very low prices, will please give them a call. : Also, on hand, Fisks Jtlftallie ISurial Cases. J. M. SANDKliS & CO., Jan 31, 18C0 ' Charlotte, N. C. Mr Sanders, when not at his fchop, can be found at his dwelling house next to the Tost Othce. Notice to the Creditors of Charles Madison iTIcKinley. All persons having claims against the estate of Cha. M.. Mckinley, deceased, are hereby notified to present them duly authenticated within the time prescribed by law, or this notice will be pleaded in bar of their re covery. And all persons holding Bonds, Covenants, or other obligations, wherein the said McKiiiley is bound, or in any way interested, are requested to present them forthwith to the undersigned, as the estntc is about to be settled. MARY E. MlKINLEY, Administratrix with the Will annexed. Jany 24, 18G0. 07-Gt NEGROES WANTEDT I want to buy Negro Boys and Girls from 12 to 18 years old, for which the highest ju ices in cash will he paid. May IT, 1859 SAML. A. HARRIS. VAI.l AI5J,i: L.4iD FOll SAf,E In compliance with the last Will and Testament of Recce Price, dee'd, I will sell on Thursday, tiie Kith d:iy of February next, at the Store House of Col Thus. I. Grier, a miles southwest of Charlotte, Two Valsial3c Plantations, one of which was the late residence of Mrs E Y Hutch ison, and contains about 1G0 acres well improved, and adjoins the land of Maj L A Grier and others. Th other contains 217 acres, about 40 or 50 of whit h is newly cleared, the balance well timbered, and udjoins the land of Alex Cooper, Esq., and others. A. G. Neel will exhibit the lands, or give any neces sary information to any one who may wish to purcha.'O either of said Plantations. A suitable credit will be given, the purchaser givir.j bond with two approved sureties. JONATHAN REID, Ex'r. Jan. 10, 18C0. 95-Ct. Straw ood, IB at, Cap, Bonnets, Flowers, Ruches, kc. &c, for Semxc, 18G9. GEO. W. & JEIILMj KEAl), 50 Warren and 120 Chambers Street, NEW YORK, Importers, manufacturers and wholesale Dealers, are now receiving from their Agent in Europe, and their own Factorv, a magnificent assortment of the above Goods, to which they call the particular attention of first class buyers. , Catalogues containing full description of Goods with prices attached, sent oy man on nppiicnu. Xew 1 OtK. January, iouv -x-y J. A. FOX, Attorney ctt Law, CHARLOTTE, N. C. GENERA L COLLECTING AGENT. Office at the Court House, 1 door to the left, down stairs. Wm. J. Kerr, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CHARLOTTE, N. C, Will practice in the County and Superior Courts of Mecklenburg. Union and Cabarrus counties. Office in the Brawley building opposite Kerr's Hotel. January 24, I860 y