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WE8TEEN iDEMOGET, GHLOTTE,: C.
"II: :MI!"..H .t -i it " - .: it f. X j f J -ill lit '? Mi, . i ' '. I ' - ; - )!' V ! 2 ij j V; 1 1 r n " I 9 V. J, ;v - t f : .IN; 3; .(Ml :. .P '-, : i sr. t .1 J r fill - f rf , II: ill; : 1 Si I : i;y J :ll h & 'I DISCUSSION. Gov. Ellis ami Mr Pool at EUzahttli City. To the Editor of the Standard: As you request to be informed of the progress of the gubernatorial canvass, and as I presume your readers generally are desirous of learning the po sitions of the candidates of the respective parties, I have concluded to give you and them a brief and condensed summary of the main points as sumed by Gov. Kills and 3Ir Pool at this place yesterday. Gov. Ellis opened the discussion by an allusion to the honor which had been conferred upon him by the people at the last gubernatorial election, and by the late Democratic tate Convention in again making him their standard-bearer in the pending contest for the office of Governor. He then proceeded to dbcuss the ad talonm ques tion; and, in the cutset, I will say of his speech, to which I was a pleased listener from beginning to end,) that it was an effort of great ability it was the speech of a statesman who had the capacity to comprehend the interests of all sections and all -classes of the State, and the spirit to do justice to all. The Governor was opposed to the proposition for an ope Convention was opposed to the ad valo rem doctrines of the Opposition. This new issue Tras the offspring of a party fruitful of new devices, and was a movement of imposition jWt7cuns to get into power. ll::d the joile demanded a change of the Constitution on this subject ? Had the question ever been mooted among the masses ? It was the work of opposition politicians, and he had less, far loss conh'dwnce in tlwin than he had in the people of the State. It was leveled at slaves. Disguise it as they would, the event would jprove, (if the Opposition succeeded,) that the tax on slaves would be increased, and the intention of the gettcr8-up of the movement was to make this species of property p.iy more taxes. He admitted that if the ad valorem principle of taxation was applied to all property, it would not work injustice to the slave owner. JJut his competitor would ex- rpt certain articles from taxation. hat were ihose exception t lie had called upon Mr Pool io came them, but that gentleman had declined to Accommodate him. The platform of the Opposi tion had speciGcd none had alluded to none; but Mr Pool interpreted it differently, and insisted that it was intended to make certain exceptions taking very sood care not to name them. If it was not intended to increase the tax on slaves, why the call for a Convention ? They already had the power to tax every other speciej of property, and a change of the Constitution would not enlarge the power of taxation except as to slaves, because the constitutional restriction as to slaves did not apply to other srecies of property. Why, then, this cry for a Convention ? He was for equality in the burthens of taxation, but that was a very dif ferent tiling from this boasted equal taxation of the Opposition politicians, lie would lay a higher tax upon the thousand dollars' worth ot gold and silver plate of a man than hw would ujon the thousand dollars' worth ol laud. The burthens would not be so great upui the owner of the plate as it would be upon the owner or the land, who tilled the soil for a subsi-t nee. He would levy a higher tax upon the billiard table than upon the thn siting machine, he would lew a hiirer tax upon all articles of mere luxury and vice than he would upon the evcry-day necessaries of life, be cause they could better afford to pay it, and would rot ko greatly feel the burthen of the tax. liut the Opposition proposed to levy one uniform sys tem of pir crntmje upon all property alike ; thus, supposing a billiard table to cost S18U, and a threshing machine to co.-t 180, they would make the threshing machine pay the same tax as the billiard table, and cali it equal taxation ! It might be "equal taxation," but it was a very un equal burthen of taxation, from which he prayed that the people of this State might be delivered. Under the broad proposition of the Opposition platform to levy an uniform ad valorem rate of taxation upon every species of property, much that is now exempt would be taxed. Your vessels, boats, mechanical and agricultural implements would be taxed ; the bacon in your smoke-houses, and the corn in your barns your horses and cat tle in fact, ecerithiuj would be brought under the inexorable hand of the tax assessor and the tax collector! Gov. Ellis was opposed to this the Opposition platform was in favor of it there was the difference. That was the issue, and he was ready to meet it boldly. At present, the State de rived a large revenue from the tax on circus, thows, billiard tables, playing cards, bowie knives, pistols, liquor selling, Ac. ; but if the ad colon ni principle were adopted, the t:ix upon these things would be reduced to a level with that upon agricul tural and mechanical implements, vessels, horses. &c. Luxury and vice would be put on an equal footing with industry and virtue. A vessel worth $5U0 would be taxed as high as a billiard table worth 500 and so of all the rest. The Governor solemnly warned the people of the East against the inevitable consequences of their action at the ballot box. If they wanted a v,uiieiiiioii, iney nau oui io inuicate it ov tneir votes, and the people of the Wist would accommo date them. If you do not fight your own battles, you cannot expect Western men to fight them for you. And if you once get into an open Conven tion, what then? Who will have the power? The West. Where will this all end ? He would not ask the East to place themselves in the power f the West. lie did not charge that the West would use that power to the injdry of the Eat, but no man should place his liberty or property at the mercy of another. Human nature was the aine every where The Western people were as honest as any people; but, like all other men, their own interests claimed their first attention. East ern people would do as they would under similar circumstances. Moreover, regard should be had to equal expen ilitureg, as well as to equal burthens. Western men would not object to increasing the taxes if all the money raised by taxation was to be spent in Western improvements. The East already pays a heavy tax for the building up of improvements in the West. Pasquotenk county (comparatively a small county) paid si me Si(.!0 into the treasury, and had no public improveu.ent. Burke county, with a much larger population, paid less than 55,000, aud had received half a million in appro priations. The First Congressional District paid upwards of $00,000 taxes, while the Mountain District paid only about half that amount. The East had been liberal he approved of these ap propriations but he would not ask the East to increase her rate of taxation. The West ought to be satisfied with the liberal spirit of the East. He was for completing works already begun ; but he was opposed to instituting a mode of taxation by which the West would have "thevpower of making appropriations ad libitum, and then of making the ! East pay for them. Mr Pool, in his turn, took the ground that he was in favcr of equal taxation that he wanted j equality at the- ballot-box and equality at the tax- j box. He dechred that a change of the Constitu- tion was necessary in order to protect slave pro perty from undue taxation that, as the Constitu- j lion now tood, the legislature could levy as high a tax as they pleased on slave property, and he wanted to secure it, beyond contingency, against the encroachments of taxation. Jar parenthese, they have been some tnue in finding this out ! And Gov. Ellis in his rejoinder, told Mr P. that . i 1 1. finding this out ! tne present ijonstiiuuoii gave suidcibui cure, upou j 0j tne big best rantc among tbe noDiiuy oi tne era that score, as the white folks had to be taxed pari ,-.;re anj two associates, who are nobles of nearly vau with the black. He wanted the thing fixed beyond dispute ana so uxea Dy ine v,onsumuon that slave property would be equally protected with all property : that it is just that slaves should pay . f J ' At. - A. I.' A tneir due proportion oi me, taxes, accvruiny w their value. Was it right, j just, fair or honest, that ! a man owning a slave wonu ciovv snouiu pay no 1 1. Ol r AA 1 11 more tax than a man who owns nothing but a gold watch valued at S0? Why, "Jim Johnston" out here, who owns 8150,000 worth of slaves in Pasquo- tank only paid about ?60 per annum taxes upon them; while the merchant who brings into the State 100 worth of liquor for sale pays S70 ten per cent, on his capital invested, and 30 for his li- cense. Was this fair, just, or honest ? A man should be taxed according to the value of his pro- perty he should be taxed ad colon vi. He de- nied that his party was committed, in their plat form, to an open, unrestricted Convention. Gov. Ellis had quoted from the Raleigh llegister to show that what they wanted was an "open Con vention." Well, suppose the editor of the Regis ter did say so, what of that ? The resolution of the Convention had designated the object of the Convention, and it said nothing about anilopen Convention." What he advocated was a Conven tion for a specific purpose that was what the party who nominated him demanded. fr Pool declared that the effect of an ad valo rem tax upon property generally would not in crease the tax upon slaves that the Governor and himself agreed upon this point that the proposed change would tax articles not now taxed, and thus keep up the revenue of the State without increas ing the tax upon slaves. Gov. Ellis upon this point, wanted to know why the reference to "Jim Johnston's" slaves and the small tax paid upon them, if it was not to show that the tax upon iiegroes should be increased ? Why talk of the S1500 negro in juxta-position to the ?S0 watch if it vas not that he (Mr P.) wanted the tax on the negro increased according to his value? It must be iuteuded either to increase the tax upon slaves or else to put a tax upon articles now exemi t, such as horses, cattle, implements, &.c. Otherwise, why I seek a change? And the change was not necessa ry except in the case of slaves. Mr Pool contended that the discrimination re- j commended in his party platform was tantamount to a.i exemption, though he did not designate the articles in favor of which he would discriminate. If it was desired to foster a particular interest, a tax of half a cent or any smaller fraction of a cent would be a tax, and they had the right so to discriminate; and this, upon the Governor's ground, that to discriminate implied a difference in taxa tion, aud that soma tax must be laid on all articles in orJer that a discrimination might be made be tween them. But Mr Pool thought that hair splitt ng, and took the higher, bolder ground that his platform should be interpreted to mean ex emption and not discrimination, in the niee sense of the Governor, and hence he would exempt cer tain articles entirely from taxation, though he did not specify them, except as '-little articles of house hold and kitchen furniture," did not say what or how much. The Governor had spoken of the present consti tutional arrangement of the system of taxation " , T- I , v- engender ill-feeling at home and luent to the black Republicans. But Mr Pool said this came with an ill-grace from a gentleman who (he alleged) had ridden into power upon a similar disturbance of a constitutional compromise, (Free Suffrage;) and the Governor's party had upset the great Missouri Compromise, and now forsooth, pro claims a pious and holy reverence for compromises and compacts I Mr Pool contended that the pro posed change would not encourage the black Re publicans, but quite the contrary ; that the present system taxed slaves as jwsohs, which was playing into the hands of the Republicans lie wanted to tax them as property, declaring that North Carolina was the only State that taxed them as persons, all the rest taxingtheni as property. These were the general grounds taken by the candidates as I understood them. Many little pleasantries and sharp encounters of wit passed be tween them, which I have not time to refer to. Suffice it, that Gov. Ellis showed himself well skilled in giving and parrying these blows. I will i only add, that Gov. E. made a powerful impression ! upon our people, and that he lias only to "go and do likewise" in the other counties, and all will be well. ' PASQUOTANK. . - - - . Elizabeth City, April 7, 1SG0. PROM MEXICO. News from Mexico states that the U.S. Minister Mr McLane, received a cordial reception on his return to the city of Vera Cruz, and that the for- eign Ministers t lie re are making cllora to bring about peace between the two factions iu Mexico. Some of the terrors of the war between the two factions in Mexico are thus described by a corres - pondent of a New York paper In the State of Jalisco, a guerilla chief has been distinguishing himself in a manner entitling him to fonlf1prfil.irn lmnnrr it inrwt nntArl rC tnil savages. This ruffianrnamed Rojas, entered the town of leul on the 20th ult., and at once set to work seizing the population and burning and de stroying the place. On the 27th, he commenced shooting his male prisoners, and kept at this busi ness for thrpt rfitvs. until hp ad ttohfti nnnn nno ! heap 1G0 dead bodies. During this time he and would be removed marriage between blood rela his men violated all the youngest and best looking ' tlves alone. le,n" prohibited in that State. They of the female population, sacked all the houses of 1 aecoruingly visited Cincinnati, were united in mat, their valuables, destroying them afterwards, and 'imony, and returned home rejoicing. The friends stripped his prisoners of all such articles of cloth-! of the I'artes, however, were dissatisfied with the ing as suited their fancy. The parish church of j nuP,ials determined to separate them. The the place was fi-st sacked and then burned. From i ,rl being a few months under 21 years of age the accounts we have, the whole affair was attend- ed with the most horrible tions of lust and cruelty. and disgusting exhibi- 48? Much irregularity prevails in many of the country Post Offices, of which we have frequently had cause to complain. They are too much exposed to tn .. . ... . the hands of the subscribers to whom they belong, "isuctiiuu oi i iic- uuuiic, iiuu uuuers are ratten ri cKn Ki. mhot nii.ifn,K r..f i 1. out to be read by persons for whom they are not The proper evidences of the marriage were produc mtended, and by that means are delayed in reaching pI A tho fiot that ch tm- th uu irequentiy iaii altogether, lins is a violation fancy at the place where the marriage was solemn ot a positive law ot the Department, and should ized, were produced in Court. The 'attorneys for not he permitted. I the guardiari claimed that as the parties were resi le .. j t it. w r dents of Kentucky, a "marriage elsewhere, to evade radure of Another Tennessee Bank. ! .u i r.u . o . c n j -i m, v J t the laws of that Mate, was null and void. The Nashville, Tknn., Apul 14.--Intelligence Judge sustained this position, nullified the mar has been received here of the failure of the ; r;a?e, and gave the lady into the custody of Mr laurenceburgh Bank, at Laurenceburgh. It is a Coleman. free institution and its owners are not known, nor can they be, at present, discovered. The circqlation j Spain. It is stated that tbe Hon. Wm. Pres ofthe Bank is said to be considerable probably 1 ton. Ambassador to Spain, who returned by the 250,000 and very little, if any of it will be steamer Asia, has negotiated a treaty with the redeemed. The paper here is regarded as nearly ! Spanish Government whereby all the questions worthless. The notes have obtained quite a circu- hitherto in issue between the two nations are ad lation in this State, Mississippi and Arkansas. 'justed, and the most amicable relations established, AMBASSADORS FROM JAPAN. The United States steamer Powhatan arrived at San Francisco on the 27th of 31 arch from Japan, v;a Honolulu.' She brings the Japa ncse embassy. ' consisting of two principal Ambassadors, Princes i .. . . .. . j equai rank. These four are of the Emperor's Council. They arc accompanied by a suit of six teen officers. Among them are three interpreters and 52 subordinates making 72 in all. The Powhatan arrived at Honolulu March 5th, and remained there till the 18th. The Ambassa ' a . . . . n m dora were there received with all tormai honors. private hospitalities were extended on every hand, au( the King and Queen held court at the palace for the receptiou of the distinguished foreigners, arj(j welcomed them in appropriate terms. They i were al80 entertained at a grand ball given by the j officers of the Powhatan, expressing great delight at the gay and novel scene. They bring 100,000 to defray their personal expenses, although the whole Embassy is invited at the sole expense of the United States. They were sriven the best quarters on the Powhatan dur ing the voyage, and arrived in good health and highly pleased. The chief dignitaries are magnifi cently dressed in embroidered silk robes, each wear ing a sword of beautiful workmanship. They have conducted themselves with great dignity and propriety. The Japanese Ambassadors visited San Francis co on the 31st ult., and have remained the honored guests of the city ever since. Twenty thousand dollars have been appropriated from the city treas ury to provide for them suitable entertainment. All the corporation officers, the members of the Legislature, the Governor and citizens generally, have paid their respects in person, and on the 2d instant a grand public reception was given the strangers at the largest hall in the city, where the United States officers, both civil and military, with the foreign consuls and State authorities, partici pated in the reception ceremonies. The Japanese carry an immense amount of bag gage, including many boxes of presents to the United States Government. The N. Y. Journal of Commerce remarks: The recent explorations in Japan, and especially the United States Expedition and Lord Elgin's Mission, have thrown a flood of light upon the character and prospects of the Japanese. In the arts of coloring glass and tempering steel, they possess a skill and secret which more civilized nations have lost. I heir srlassware is the most beautiful ;,, the world; their swords are the strongest and thesharpest. The vast population live together in quiet and orderly masses, and the peace and quiet of the fatherly and considerate despotism are seldom or never disturbed. A wise and useful economy pervades the Empire, which prevents seasons of scarcity and high prices. Sumptuary laws forbid undue luxuries, but the people are not unwholesomely restrained. The criaiinal code is severe, but punishment is impartially inflicted. The people are virtually exempt from taxation the revenues coming from the rents of the land owned by the Crown. Oliphant's narrative of the Elgin Mission, which is the most instructive and accurate work on Japan yet published, states that locks and keys do not exist, and that theft is almost unknown. There are few drunkards or beggars in Japan, and the whole nation is devoted to industrial pursuits with a zeal and energy surpassed in no other country. A united, honest and obedient people, they live in primeval simplicity, which has been the admiration of all who have, visited and known t hem. Exciting Scenk in Court In the Probate trial occurred Court of Cincinnati an interesting before Judjre Hilton, involvin the right to the custody of a child. The decision of the Judge, taking the child from the custody and . care of a party to whom she had been confided by the Or phan Asylum, and giving her to a mother and step-father regarded as of bad character, excited great dissatisfaction among the bystanders, and some, among whom was N. Longworth, Esq, were disposed to interfere forcibly to prevent the trans fer of the child. The step-father stepped round to take the child, who had been sitting in the lap of one of the ladies present. The little thing drew back from him in apparent terror, and in an ini ploring manner, with tears, called out to the Judge, ' Oh, Judge, do not give me to him !" This cau. -ed considerable emotion, and the man showing a disposition to assert the right the Court had de clared in his behalf, several persons gathered up. Mr Longworth, in an excited manner, said "Let TI. HIT llllll the mob interfere!' but the first man who attempt- I ej w j ' I p.r?ff as instantly taken hold of by the officers and thrown out of the room. The little child wept bitterly and clung to the friends that had adopted her. Many of the ladies wrung their 1 hands, and declared it would be ruined if it left them. The whole court room was turned into a scene of confusion; and the Judge, as a matter of j discretion under the circumstances, directed the Sheriff to take the child into his own custody un- i tu turther orders. Strange Marriage Case. A novel case of ! habeas corpus, involving curious and important questions oi law, was recently tried belore Judge S. M. Moore, of the Circuit Court, Covington, Ky. A resident of that city, named William Ross, a short time since, became enamored with his step- j daughter, .Margaret Coleman, who reciprocated his affections, and a marriage engagement was the con sequence. But the affianced pair found that their relationship was among the degrees prohibited by the laws of Kentucky. But the river was easily 1 1 aT V passed, and once in Uhio the restraints ot the law ! te period ot iemale majority in Kentucky and until the tune of her marriage having been under the guardianship of a man named Hall, but who had resigned as soon as the event had taken place, a guardain named Elisha Coleman, a relation of the ladies', was appointed for the occasion, and a writ of habeas corpus was sued on Ross, command ing him to produce his wife before Judge Moore, j years of age, which included the period of her in From th N. C. University Magazine. A NORTH CAROLINA POET. George Moses Horton more generally known as "Poet Horton" "the subject of these brief memoirs," is a negro and a slave, belonging to a gentleman of an adjoining county. At an early age he felt, rankling within him, and ever and anon twitching his heart-strings, the real poetical in spiration which induced him toapply himself to the Science of Letters; this he did with such untiring zeal and industry, that in a short time, and with very little aid, he became quite a proficient both in reading and writing. His inherent love for poetry was very much enhanced by the perusal of an old hymn book, tbe property of his mother; having mastered which, he applied himself to Campbell's poems, and committed to memory the whole of the Pleasures of Hope. One fine morning it occurred to him that there might be other combinations of the alphabet hav ing measure and rhyme, and thenceforth he was a full-fledged poet. The late Mrs Caroline Lee Hentz, whose hus band was then a Professor in the University, hav ing been pleased with some of his verses, took great interest in him and bestowed some pains on his instruction; he afterwards showed his gratitude for her kindness by writing an eulogy on her at her death. Some years ago he had printed a book of poems, which, on account of his pecuniary difficulties, never emerged from a dark corner of the printing office. It can never shine forth, but by the re flected light of twenty-five cent pieces. He lives, at present, by his talents, writing acrostics, etc., for the students, at a quarter of a dollar each, which enables him to hire his time, and devote his attention exclusively to the Muses. He has favored us with a sight of the manuscript of another book of his poems, which, from the length of his subscription list,'we doubt not he will be able to publish by the next commence ment. It will be rather a large book ; the manu script contains 229 pages letter-paper, closely written. His price will be one dollar per copy. All who have graduated here within the last thirty-five years no doubt remember the sable poet, and will need but the statement above to induce them to seud their names as subscribers. We give below a specimen of his writings; GOOD-BYE. I leave thee, with a falling tear, And mount the fleeting car; 'Tis death to part with one so dear For to my view thy charms appear Like some revolving star. I leave thee, but with deep concern Which hope cannot remove. Oh ! do not my affection spurn, But patient wait till my return, And prove the truth of love! I leave thee, but I love thee yet, The queen of ev'ry bloom; I never shall my choice regret, , Until the sun of life shall set, And love sink in the tomb. Oh! Lady, take these lines to heart! The last fond tale I tell, Is that my own dear love thou art; Then, till we meet no more to part, My Lady, fare thee well! "Can the Ethiopian Change II is Skin?" We noticed some time since, in some of our exchanges, a statement that the skin of a certain negro, living, we think, in Savannah or Augusta, Ga., was changing color and becoming white. We recall to mind this instance, from the fact that there is an old negro on one of our river steamers, who has followed the business of a pilot since 1819, whose skin is now likewise changing from a jet black to the fairest white. His neck and arms, as far down as his fingers, are of a smooth, soft, delicate whiteness, that would rival that of the tenderest, purest Circassian. His lips are of a soft, ruddy hue, and his face and body beginning to show the same radical wonderful change. The Ethiopian's skin changes; not by his own power, it is true; still it changes. What is the explanation of this strange physiological phenomenon ! Euaula Ala.) Spirit. Ti;k Bonnets. A year ago, says the Boston Post, we predicted that "the little bonnets of the present day are sure to be followed by the large scoop-shovels which used to hide the fair faces of the wearers fifteen or twenty years ago." Editors, like poets, are prophets ex officio, and the fulfill ment of our vaticination is already foreshadowed in the spring fashions. Not long ago you couldn't see a woman's bonnet for her face; presently you won't be able to see her face for her bonnet, but "Searching long in vain. You'll spy her features down a Leghqrn lane." Rowan County. In Gov. Swain's last article on the War of the Regulation, he thus describes the Rowan county of 1770 : "Rowan county was at this time separated from Orange by a due north and south line, intermediate between the waters of the Haw and the Yadkin. The village of High Point on the North Carolina Railroad, will indicate with sufficient accuracy the range of the eastern boundary. On the west it extended to the Mississippi. The Virginia line was the northern, and the Granville line the southern boundary. . Salisbury, Asheville, Knoxville and Nashville, may be enumerated among the principal towns in the limits of the old county. It embraced an area quite equal in extent to either North Carolina or Tennessee, contains at the present time probably a million of inhabitants, and would constitute a State equal in population, resources and intelligence to either of the commonwealths, of which the ancient domain is a constituent part." It has "grwn small by degrees," even Davidson and Davie counties with their present 25,000 or 30,000 inhabitants, having been cut off from it within the present generation. Arrival of Slaves. As is generally known, nearly all the large planters emigrating to Texas bring their slaves over land, in consequence of the greater expense of the Gulf route. Still, the number arriving at this port is considerable. We have not the reports of November and December at hand during which months the largest numbers usually arrive. For the first three months of the present year the numbers entered at Galveston Custom House were as follows : Arrived in January, 1,595; arrived in February, 846; arrived in March, 251. Total arrivals 2,602. The value of this number of slaves is fully $2,602,000. The total arrivals of slaves in the State, during the period named, must be at least ten times tbe number as at this port. Galveston. Civilian. ' . - fi" The Indiana Constitutional Union opposi tion Convention go for Judge McLean, of Ohio, as a candidate for the Presidency. The Judge is, like Mr Bates of Missouri, a Free Soiler, not so bitter as Mr Seward, bt bitter enough in all conscience, THE JOHN BROWN RAID. More Revelations. The New York Herald of Monday contains what purports to be a corres pondence between Gov. Robinson and Redpath and others, relating to affairs in Kansas and the John Brown raid, which makes some curious de velopments. Tbe correspondence implicates the leaders of the Republican party in the Brown con spiracy, and shows that tlie events in Kansas were but preliminary to the raid at Harper's Ferry, both being part of the same scheme of revolution con cocted and organized four years ago. When Rob inson was examined before the Senate Investigat ing Committee, he asserted that John Brown and Redpath were the only leaders in Kansas who avowed revolutionary designs, and that the Free State party had no connection with them. It ap pears from the correspondence that Robinson him self was one of the most ultra of the revolutionary leaders, out-stripping in atrocity even John Brown himself. Not only did he endorse him by certificates and an address "to the settlers of Kansas," but he "cool ly proposed to him to assassinate all the leading Federal office-holders in Kansas." It further ap pears that Robinson sought to bring all the North ern States into the civil war which was about be ing inaugurated in Kansas, and that they proceed ed thence to the East for that purpose. The follow ing is an extract from the letter of Redpath to Phillips: "You perhaps remember, just before the sack of Lawrence by the border of ruffians, that Robinson started East. I, for one, could not understand why he should want to leave at such a time, and urged him strenuously to stay; and when pressed for a reason as to his departure, he told me that he saw the whole country was going to be involved in civil war, and that he was going to the free States to rouse the Governors and the people of them to arms, so that when the army came on us another could strike our enemies elsewhere, if necessary at Washington." From the Wadesboro' Argus. Melancholy. The many friends of W. W. Wilkins, ex-Sheriff of this county, will be pained to learn that he has been stricken down with a severe attack of paralysis. He took part in the Democratic Meeting in this town on Saturday the 14th, and after retiring from it and getting his dinner the attack came on. He had been com plaining for several days of being unwell, and it is generally conceded that the excitement attending his speaking at the meeting, (he not being used to public speaking) hastened the attack. The whole of his right side is affected. He lays at "tiis room at the Mansion House in a very critical condition, surrounded by anxious and sorrowing friends. Stock Sale. The eight North Carolina Rail road Bonds (S500 each) belonging to the estate of W. R. Leak, deceased, sold in this place, on Wednesday the 11th inst., at public auction, we understand brought 530 each. Dividend. The Board of Directors of the Bank of Wadesboro' have declared a semi-annual dividend of five per cent., payable on and after the 1st of next month. Questions. The Augusta Constitutionalist asks the following questions: Who are the opponents of the Democratic party at the North? Answer -The abolitionists and sympathizers with John Brown. Who are the opponents of the Democratic party at the South ? Quinn's Rheumatic Remedy. This Remedy, which has the reputation of being sovereign and almost infallible in all cases of Rheumatism, will be found advertised in our columns. Mr Quinn resides at Charlotte N. C; and knowing him, we have no doubt that tbe medicine will be put up with the proper strength and of the proper i n gred i e n ts. York v ille En q u irer. THE USE OF DR. HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS, lor Chills & Fever, Dyspepsia, Heaviness ol ihe Stoin 'Ch, or any other like affection, is second to none in America or abroid. To be able to state confidently that the "Bitters" are a certain cure tor Dyspepsia and like diseases, is to the proprietors a son rse ol unalloyed pleasure. It re moves all morbid matter from the stomach, puiities the blood and imparts new vitality to I he nervous system, giving it that tone and energy so indtspeusible lor the resioiaiion of health. The numerous acknowledgements of its superior excellence and beneficent results, have assured ihe proprie tors that it cannot but p'ove a great cure to the "fflicted. For sale in Charlotte by E. NYE HUTCHISON & CO. MRS. WINSLOW, an experienced nurse, and female physician, has a Soothing Syrup for children teething, which greatly facilitates the process ol teething by softening the gums, reducing all inflamation will allay all pain, and is sure to regulate tbe bowels. Depend upon it, mothers, it will give rest to yourselves, and relief and health to your infants. Perfectly sate in all cases. See advertisement in another column. 0. S. BALDWIN, WILMINGTON, N. C, Has secured the services of a CUTTER FROM PARIS, whose taste and ability, either on civic or military work will be appreciated by gentlemen who desire to keep pace with the mutations of Fashion. Mis Cloths, Ca.simeres. and Vest Wigs, purchased bv the case and of HIS OWN IMPORTATION, present an assortment specially attractive, and from which no gentleman, however fastidious, can fail to select an outfit, for the season. Workmen of the highest skill and ability are em ployed in his manufacturing department, and no ex pense is spared in producing, in their most attractive forms, all the minor details of a Gentleman's costume. Orders will be promptly attended to. Address O. S. BALDWIN, No. 38 Market St., Wilmington, N. C. April 17, 1860. 9-4t MILITARY SCHOOLS Desiring any style of TJniforms, can havfe the same made in the most satisfactory manner at lowest rates. We are prepared to furnish uniforms for schools entire. COATS, PANTS, CAPS, &c, at New York prices. We have one of the largest manufactories North, also one in Richmond, Va., besides others in this State. Wrhen our citizens desire to patronize the South, we shall, at all times, be pleased to receive their orders, and do the work as low and in a style equal, if not sup erior to Northern work. Call and leave your measures. Any institution, civic or military, desiring CLOTH ING OF ANY KIND, can be supplied by us upon as favorable terms, and as promptly, as by any house North or South. We will send our Cutter to take mea snres and orders uin application being made to O. S. BALDWIN, April 17, 18G0. 4t Wilmington, N. C. STRAYED From the subscriber, near Tucka- seege Ford, about the 1st of April, a BAY MARE COLT; 2 years old this Spring. She has a star in the forehead, and one hip is a little low. Any person taking 4 her up, and giving me information directed to Tucka- seege P. O., will he paid for their trouble. ' Apl 10, 1860. 3t A. F. SADLER. LIFE INSURANCE. The undersigned, as Agent, will receive applications for Insurance in the North Carolina Mutual Life Insur ance Company. This Company is the joldest in the State, and has been in successful operation for several years. Its rates are moderate, and all losses promptly adjusted. Persons wishing to insure their own lives or the lives of their Slaves, in this Company, will call at the office of the Agent at the Branch Bauk of North Carolina. Slaves insured for two-thirds of their value. Apl 3, I860. 3m T. W. DEWEY, Agt. A Large Plantation. The Natehex (Miag.) Free Trader of the 17th ult. Bays : The large sale ever made in this county was consummated yesterday. D. D. Whither sold out hfe place, fa the lower part of this county, (9,000 acret of land. with improvements, and 515 slaves,) to Jobs K", Elgee, of Louisiana, for $1,000,120. Washington, April 19. As a number of tbe Opposition will pair off with the Democratic members of Congress who are going to Charleston, and will avail themselves pf this arrangement to visit their homes, it is probable that scarcely a quorum if so many will be left here to attend to the public business. David A. Burr, who has recently returned from Utah, in a lecture last night, refuted the statement of Mr Hooper, the Delegate from that Territory, that tbe Mormons have no coinage of their own, and exhibited some of their money, which the authorities have forced into circulation to show that it is 30 per cent, below the national standard. It is said that the Administration adheres to the possession of San Juan Island, and that in respons to the proposition to the British Government, the latter has by this time been so informed. Immense Attraction ! AT THE Great Clothing Emporium OF FULLIIVGS, SrRIIYGS & CO. They are now opening at their large and rapacious Store Room, the HANDSOMEST and CHEAPEST Stock of Ready-made Clothing ever offered in the State. Their stock comprises all tbe different kinds of Fancy Cut Linen and Marseilles Business Suits, English and French Dran d'Ete and Aluaoca Frocks and Sacks: a large variety of Cassimeie Pants Fancy and Black; V - m nt I nt II. ' . 1 t - 1 aiso, fancy ana uiacK oim, vnssimerc anu ataricuiis Vests in endless variety. Gents' Furnishing Goods, Trunks, Valises, Hats and Caps, &c, Ac. All of ta above goods are of the latest styles aud patterns. MANUFACTURING DEPARTMENT. FULLINGS, SPRINGS & CO. have also added to tbeir Ready-made Clothing Stock, a Merchant Tailoring D. partiuent, to which they call the especial attention of their many friends and customers. They intend making this department second to nont iu the State, either in style and quality of Goods, or i the manufacture of Garments. At all times will be found a good stock of Black and colored Cloths, English, French and American CasU meres, and it variety of Vesting. Also, an assortment of Rock Island Cassimeres. They feel confident of their ability to undersell any other house in the State, from the advantages tbry have in getting their goods. Their goods are bought by the quantity, by one of the Firm who resides in the Northern markets, wliirh gives him the opportunity of taking advantage of tb prices of goods, thereby saving at least Twenty-fiTt per eent to the consumer. JJyDImc? 6uved are Dollars made !"8 So try us. Ya. FULLING. JNO. M. SPRINGS, JNO. P. HEATH. April 10, 1860. tf Quinn's Rheumatic Remedy Has effected cures of Rheumatism that were considered hopeless, certificates to prove which can be eshibitrri. The suffering are invitee! to give the medicine a trial. Orders addressed to tbe undersigned at Charlotte will receive prompt attention. W. W. QUINN. April 10, I860. Price $1 50 per bottle. L. A FOR The subscriber being desirious of removing West, offers for sale his PLANTATION, situated ten miles west of Charlotte, on the waters of Paw creek and C tawaba River. The tract comprises 330 Acres, most of it superior land. There is a good Dwelling and all necessary out-houses on the premises. Terms liberal, Also, will be sold a half interest in a Grist and .Saw Mill adjoining the above tract. Apl 3, 1860. tf WM. M. PORTER. V 0 0 JAMES D. PALMER,' Dealer in West India Fruits, Havana Segnrs, Snuff, Tobacco, Willow. Ware, Toys, All kinds or Fancy Goods, And manufacturer of Candies and Con fectioneries. One door above the Bank of Charlotte. April 10, 1860. G-rand Opening of Spring and Summer Goods! On Tuesday, April 3d, ELIAS k COHEN will open at the Store" formerly occupied by T. II. BREM k CO., one of the finest and iargest Stocks of Good ever offered to the public in this vicinity. Among our Ladies' Dress Goods will be found Flounced Silk Robes, Crape Mnrcts, Plain and Fig'd Bareges, Best French Organdi, Osmanlies, llelorise Grenadines, Black and colored Silkt, La marlines, Grenadine Poplins, Silk warp Cballiet, French Jaconets. American Brilliant, Barege French Organdie " u Jaconet " Robes de Eugenia and Lesbia, " " Imperatrice, Jaconet, Organdie and Ba rege Robes in every va riety, English. French, and Solid French Gincrhams and Lawns. English, French, and American Prints, in tverj variety and style. While Goods. Mull, Swiss, Book. Nansook, and Jaconet Muslinf. Bishop, Victoria, and Linen Lawns. Linen and Cotton Diapers. Linen Table Cloths and Damasks; Dojlas; MamillM Quilts, kc. Shawls and Jinn til la. Chantilly Lace Mantles, Lace Points and Shawls. Lace Stella Shawls, Embroidered Lace Points, Burnois, Sultanna, and Piccolommini do. ' Silk and Lace Mantles and Mantillas of every deserip tion. Linen, Barege and Cotton Dusters. Sleeves, Collars and Setts. in VaF.enciennes Lace; Book, Jaconet, Mourning, Lfa and Pique. Also, a beautiful Stock of Embroidered Handkerchiefs, Infants' Waists and Robei, Flouncings, Edging.?, Inserting., and Dress Trimmings. Bonnets. In our Trimmed Bonnets onr taste Is acknowledged; we have a beautiful supply. ' Also, in French Flowtri, Rusches and Ribbons. Imported Parasols. Fans and Head- DreS8es, with an unusual large supply of J?or eign and Domestic DRY GOODS, Clothing, Hardware, Boots, Shoes and HaU, and a General Assortment of Merchandize, which we intend offering to our friendsand enstomtra at prices which defy competition. t& for showing Goods. Remember Ladies, Tuesday April 3d. ELIAS k COHEN, At T. H. Brem k Co's old stand. We have a good stock of GROCERIES t store-house formerly occupied by H. B. William. March 37, I860. 0 I860 if