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WE8TEEN iDEMOGET, GHLOTTE,: C.
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Gov. Ellis ami Mr Pool at EUzahttli City.
To the Editor of the Standard:
As you request to be informed of the progress of
the gubernatorial canvass, and as I presume your
readers generally are desirous of learning the po
sitions of the candidates of the respective parties,
I have concluded to give you and them a brief
and condensed summary of the main points as
sumed by Gov. Kills and 3Ir Pool at this place
Gov. Ellis opened the discussion by an allusion
to the honor which had been conferred upon him
by the people at the last gubernatorial election,
and by the late Democratic tate Convention in
again making him their standard-bearer in the
pending contest for the office of Governor. He
then proceeded to dbcuss the ad talonm ques
tion; and, in the cutset, I will say of his speech,
to which I was a pleased listener from beginning to
end,) that it was an effort of great ability it was
the speech of a statesman who had the capacity to
comprehend the interests of all sections and all
-classes of the State, and the spirit to do justice
The Governor was opposed to the proposition for
an ope Convention was opposed to the ad valo
rem doctrines of the Opposition. This new issue
Tras the offspring of a party fruitful of new devices,
and was a movement of imposition jWt7cuns to
get into power. ll::d the joile demanded a
change of the Constitution on this subject ? Had
the question ever been mooted among the masses ?
It was the work of opposition politicians, and he
had less, far loss conh'dwnce in tlwin than he had
in the people of the State. It was leveled at
slaves. Disguise it as they would, the event would
jprove, (if the Opposition succeeded,) that the tax
on slaves would be increased, and the intention of
the gettcr8-up of the movement was to make this
species of property p.iy more taxes. He admitted
that if the ad valorem principle of taxation was
applied to all property, it would not work injustice
to the slave owner. JJut his competitor would ex-
rpt certain articles from taxation. hat were
ihose exception t lie had called upon Mr Pool
io came them, but that gentleman had declined to
Accommodate him. The platform of the Opposi
tion had speciGcd none had alluded to none; but
Mr Pool interpreted it differently, and insisted
that it was intended to make certain exceptions
taking very sood care not to name them. If it
was not intended to increase the tax on slaves, why
the call for a Convention ? They already had the
power to tax every other speciej of property, and
a change of the Constitution would not enlarge
the power of taxation except as to slaves, because
the constitutional restriction as to slaves did not
apply to other srecies of property. Why, then,
this cry for a Convention ? He was for equality in
the burthens of taxation, but that was a very dif
ferent tiling from this boasted equal taxation of
the Opposition politicians, lie would lay a higher
tax upon the thousand dollars' worth ot gold and
silver plate of a man than hw would ujon the
thousand dollars' worth ol laud. The burthens
would not be so great upui the owner of the plate
as it would be upon the owner or the land, who
tilled the soil for a subsi-t nee. He would levy a
higher tax upon the billiard table than upon the
thn siting machine, he would lew a hiirer tax
upon all articles of mere luxury and vice than he
would upon the evcry-day necessaries of life, be
cause they could better afford to pay it, and would
rot ko greatly feel the burthen of the tax. liut
the Opposition proposed to levy one uniform sys
tem of pir crntmje upon all property alike ; thus,
supposing a billiard table to cost S18U, and a
threshing machine to co.-t 180, they would make
the threshing machine pay the same tax as the
billiard table, and cali it equal taxation ! It
might be "equal taxation," but it was a very un
equal burthen of taxation, from which he prayed
that the people of this State might be delivered.
Under the broad proposition of the Opposition
platform to levy an uniform ad valorem rate of
taxation upon every species of property, much that
is now exempt would be taxed. Your vessels,
boats, mechanical and agricultural implements
would be taxed ; the bacon in your smoke-houses,
and the corn in your barns your horses and cat
tle in fact, ecerithiuj would be brought under
the inexorable hand of the tax assessor and the tax
collector! Gov. Ellis was opposed to this the
Opposition platform was in favor of it there was
the difference. That was the issue, and he was
ready to meet it boldly. At present, the State de
rived a large revenue from the tax on circus,
thows, billiard tables, playing cards, bowie knives,
pistols, liquor selling, Ac. ; but if the ad colon ni
principle were adopted, the t:ix upon these things
would be reduced to a level with that upon agricul
tural and mechanical implements, vessels, horses.
&c. Luxury and vice would be put on an equal
footing with industry and virtue. A vessel worth
$5U0 would be taxed as high as a billiard table
worth 500 and so of all the rest.
The Governor solemnly warned the people of
the East against the inevitable consequences of
their action at the ballot box. If they wanted a
v,uiieiiiioii, iney nau oui io inuicate it ov tneir
votes, and the people of the Wist would accommo
date them. If you do not fight your own battles,
you cannot expect Western men to fight them for
you. And if you once get into an open Conven
tion, what then? Who will have the power?
The West. Where will this all end ? He would
not ask the East to place themselves in the power
f the West. lie did not charge that the West
would use that power to the injdry of the Eat,
but no man should place his liberty or property at
the mercy of another. Human nature was the
aine every where The Western people were as
honest as any people; but, like all other men, their
own interests claimed their first attention. East
ern people would do as they would under similar
Moreover, regard should be had to equal expen
ilitureg, as well as to equal burthens. Western
men would not object to increasing the taxes if all
the money raised by taxation was to be spent in
Western improvements. The East already pays a
heavy tax for the building up of improvements in
the West. Pasquotenk county (comparatively a
small county) paid si me Si(.!0 into the treasury,
and had no public improveu.ent. Burke county,
with a much larger population, paid less than
55,000, aud had received half a million in appro
priations. The First Congressional District paid
upwards of $00,000 taxes, while the Mountain
District paid only about half that amount. The
East had been liberal he approved of these ap
propriations but he would not ask the East to
increase her rate of taxation. The West ought to
be satisfied with the liberal spirit of the East. He
was for completing works already begun ; but he
was opposed to instituting a mode of taxation by
which the West would have "thevpower of making
appropriations ad libitum, and then of making the !
East pay for them.
Mr Pool, in his turn, took the ground that he
was in favcr of equal taxation that he wanted j
equality at the- ballot-box and equality at the tax- j
box. He dechred that a change of the Constitu-
tion was necessary in order to protect slave pro
perty from undue taxation that, as the Constitu- j
lion now tood, the legislature could levy as high
a tax as they pleased on slave property, and he
wanted to secure it, beyond contingency, against
the encroachments of taxation. Jar parenthese,
they have been some tnue in finding this out !
And Gov. Ellis in his rejoinder, told Mr P. that
. i 1 1.
finding this out !
tne present ijonstiiuuoii gave suidcibui cure, upou j 0j tne big best rantc among tbe noDiiuy oi tne era
that score, as the white folks had to be taxed pari ,-.;re anj two associates, who are nobles of nearly
vau with the black. He wanted the thing fixed
beyond dispute ana so uxea Dy ine v,onsumuon
that slave property would be equally protected with
all property : that it is just that slaves should pay
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tneir due proportion oi me, taxes, accvruiny w
their value. Was it right, j
just, fair or honest, that
! a man owning a slave wonu ciovv snouiu pay no
1 1. Ol r AA 1 11
more tax than a man who owns nothing but a gold
watch valued at S0? Why, "Jim Johnston" out
here, who owns 8150,000 worth of slaves in Pasquo-
tank only paid about ?60 per annum taxes upon
them; while the merchant who brings into the State
100 worth of liquor for sale pays S70 ten per
cent, on his capital invested, and 30 for his li-
cense. Was this fair, just, or honest ? A man
should be taxed according to the value of his pro-
perty he should be taxed ad colon vi. He de-
nied that his party was committed, in their plat
form, to an open, unrestricted Convention. Gov.
Ellis had quoted from the Raleigh llegister to
show that what they wanted was an "open Con
vention." Well, suppose the editor of the Regis
ter did say so, what of that ? The resolution
of the Convention had designated the object of
the Convention, and it said nothing about anilopen
Convention." What he advocated was a Conven
tion for a specific purpose that was what the
party who nominated him demanded.
fr Pool declared that the effect of an ad valo
rem tax upon property generally would not in
crease the tax upon slaves that the Governor and
himself agreed upon this point that the proposed
change would tax articles not now taxed, and thus
keep up the revenue of the State without increas
ing the tax upon slaves. Gov. Ellis upon this
point, wanted to know why the reference to "Jim
Johnston's" slaves and the small tax paid upon
them, if it was not to show that the tax upon
iiegroes should be increased ? Why talk of the
S1500 negro in juxta-position to the ?S0 watch if
it vas not that he (Mr P.) wanted the tax on the
negro increased according to his value? It must
be iuteuded either to increase the tax upon slaves
or else to put a tax upon articles now exemi t, such
as horses, cattle, implements, &.c. Otherwise, why I
seek a change? And the change was not necessa
ry except in the case of slaves.
Mr Pool contended that the discrimination re- j
commended in his party platform was tantamount
to a.i exemption, though he did not designate the
articles in favor of which he would discriminate.
If it was desired to foster a particular interest, a
tax of half a cent or any smaller fraction of a
cent would be a tax, and they had the right so to
discriminate; and this, upon the Governor's ground,
that to discriminate implied a difference in taxa
tion, aud that soma tax must be laid on all articles
in orJer that a discrimination might be made be
tween them. But Mr Pool thought that hair
splitt ng, and took the higher, bolder ground that
his platform should be interpreted to mean ex
emption and not discrimination, in the niee sense
of the Governor, and hence he would exempt cer
tain articles entirely from taxation, though he did
not specify them, except as '-little articles of house
hold and kitchen furniture," did not say what or
The Governor had spoken of the present consti
tutional arrangement of the system of taxation
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engender ill-feeling at home and
luent to the black Republicans. But Mr Pool said
this came with an ill-grace from a gentleman who
(he alleged) had ridden into power upon a similar
disturbance of a constitutional compromise, (Free
Suffrage;) and the Governor's party had upset the
great Missouri Compromise, and now forsooth, pro
claims a pious and holy reverence for compromises
and compacts I Mr Pool contended that the pro
posed change would not encourage the black Re
publicans, but quite the contrary ; that the present
system taxed slaves as jwsohs, which was playing
into the hands of the Republicans lie wanted
to tax them as property, declaring that North
Carolina was the only State that taxed them as
persons, all the rest taxingtheni as property.
These were the general grounds taken by the
candidates as I understood them. Many little
pleasantries and sharp encounters of wit passed be
tween them, which I have not time to refer to.
Suffice it, that Gov. Ellis showed himself well
skilled in giving and parrying these blows. I will i
only add, that Gov. E. made a powerful impression !
upon our people, and that he lias only to "go and
do likewise" in the other counties, and all will be
well. ' PASQUOTANK.
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Elizabeth City, April 7, 1SG0.
News from Mexico states that the U.S. Minister
Mr McLane, received a cordial reception on his
return to the city of Vera Cruz, and that the for-
eign Ministers t lie re are making cllora to bring
about peace between the two factions iu Mexico.
Some of the terrors of the war between the two
factions in Mexico are thus described by a corres -
pondent of a New York paper
In the State of Jalisco, a guerilla chief has been
distinguishing himself in a manner entitling him
to fonlf1prfil.irn lmnnrr it inrwt nntArl rC tnil
savages. This ruffianrnamed Rojas, entered the
town of leul on the 20th ult., and at once set to
work seizing the population and burning and de
stroying the place. On the 27th, he commenced
shooting his male prisoners, and kept at this busi
ness for thrpt rfitvs. until hp ad ttohfti nnnn nno !
heap 1G0 dead bodies. During this time he and would be removed marriage between blood rela
his men violated all the youngest and best looking ' tlves alone. le,n" prohibited in that State. They
of the female population, sacked all the houses of 1 aecoruingly visited Cincinnati, were united in mat,
their valuables, destroying them afterwards, and 'imony, and returned home rejoicing. The friends
stripped his prisoners of all such articles of cloth-! of the I'artes, however, were dissatisfied with the
ing as suited their fancy. The parish church of j nuP,ials determined to separate them. The
the place was fi-st sacked and then burned. From i ,rl being a few months under 21 years of age
the accounts we have, the whole affair was attend-
ed with the most horrible
tions of lust and cruelty.
and disgusting exhibi-
48? Much irregularity prevails in many of the
country Post Offices, of which we have frequently
had cause to complain. They are too much exposed
.. . ... .
the hands of the subscribers to whom they belong,
"isuctiiuu oi i iic- uuuiic, iiuu uuuers are ratten ri cKn Ki. mhot nii.ifn,K r..f i 1.
out to be read by persons for whom they are not The proper evidences of the marriage were produc
mtended, and by that means are delayed in reaching pI A tho fiot that ch tm- th
uu irequentiy iaii altogether, lins is a violation fancy at the place where the marriage was solemn
ot a positive law ot the Department, and should ized, were produced in Court. The 'attorneys for
not he permitted. I the guardiari claimed that as the parties were resi
le .. j t it. w r dents of Kentucky, a "marriage elsewhere, to evade
radure of Another Tennessee Bank. ! .u i r.u . o . c n j -i m,
v J t the laws of that Mate, was null and void. The
Nashville, Tknn., Apul 14.--Intelligence Judge sustained this position, nullified the mar
has been received here of the failure of the ; r;a?e, and gave the lady into the custody of Mr
laurenceburgh Bank, at Laurenceburgh. It is a Coleman.
free institution and its owners are not known, nor
can they be, at present, discovered. The circqlation j Spain. It is stated that tbe Hon. Wm. Pres
ofthe Bank is said to be considerable probably 1 ton. Ambassador to Spain, who returned by the
250,000 and very little, if any of it will be steamer Asia, has negotiated a treaty with the
redeemed. The paper here is regarded as nearly ! Spanish Government whereby all the questions
worthless. The notes have obtained quite a circu- hitherto in issue between the two nations are ad
lation in this State, Mississippi and Arkansas. 'justed, and the most amicable relations established,
AMBASSADORS FROM JAPAN.
The United States steamer Powhatan arrived at
San Francisco on the 27th of 31 arch from Japan,
v;a Honolulu.' She brings the Japa ncse embassy.
' consisting of two principal Ambassadors, Princes
i .. . . .. .
j equai rank. These four are of the Emperor's
Council. They arc accompanied by a suit of six
teen officers. Among them are three interpreters
and 52 subordinates making 72 in all.
The Powhatan arrived at Honolulu March 5th,
and remained there till the 18th. The Ambassa
' a . . . . n m
dora were there received with all tormai honors.
private hospitalities were extended on every hand,
au( the King and Queen held court at the palace
for the receptiou of the distinguished foreigners,
arj(j welcomed them in appropriate terms. They
i were al80 entertained at a grand ball given by the
j officers of the Powhatan, expressing great delight
at the gay and novel scene.
They bring 100,000 to defray their personal
expenses, although the whole Embassy is invited
at the sole expense of the United States. They
were sriven the best quarters on the Powhatan dur
ing the voyage, and arrived in good health and
highly pleased. The chief dignitaries are magnifi
cently dressed in embroidered silk robes, each wear
ing a sword of beautiful workmanship. They
have conducted themselves with great dignity and
The Japanese Ambassadors visited San Francis
co on the 31st ult., and have remained the honored
guests of the city ever since. Twenty thousand
dollars have been appropriated from the city treas
ury to provide for them suitable entertainment.
All the corporation officers, the members of the
Legislature, the Governor and citizens generally,
have paid their respects in person, and on the 2d
instant a grand public reception was given the
strangers at the largest hall in the city, where the
United States officers, both civil and military, with
the foreign consuls and State authorities, partici
pated in the reception ceremonies.
The Japanese carry an immense amount of bag
gage, including many boxes of presents to the
United States Government.
The N. Y. Journal of Commerce remarks:
The recent explorations in Japan, and especially
the United States Expedition and Lord Elgin's
Mission, have thrown a flood of light upon the
character and prospects of the Japanese. In the
arts of coloring glass and tempering steel, they
possess a skill and secret which more civilized
nations have lost. I heir srlassware is the most
beautiful ;,, the world; their swords are the strongest
and thesharpest. The vast population live together
in quiet and orderly masses, and the peace and
quiet of the fatherly and considerate despotism are
seldom or never disturbed. A wise and useful
economy pervades the Empire, which prevents
seasons of scarcity and high prices. Sumptuary
laws forbid undue luxuries, but the people are not
unwholesomely restrained. The criaiinal code is
severe, but punishment is impartially inflicted.
The people are virtually exempt from taxation the
revenues coming from the rents of the land owned
by the Crown. Oliphant's narrative of the Elgin
Mission, which is the most instructive and accurate
work on Japan yet published, states that locks and
keys do not exist, and that theft is almost unknown.
There are few drunkards or beggars in Japan, and the
whole nation is devoted to industrial pursuits with
a zeal and energy surpassed in no other country.
A united, honest and obedient people, they live in
primeval simplicity, which has been the admiration
of all who have, visited and known t hem.
Exciting Scenk in Court
In the Probate
Court of Cincinnati an
before Judjre Hilton, involvin
the right to the
custody of a child. The decision of the Judge,
taking the child from the custody and . care of a
party to whom she had been confided by the Or
phan Asylum, and giving her to a mother and
step-father regarded as of bad character, excited
great dissatisfaction among the bystanders, and
some, among whom was N. Longworth, Esq, were
disposed to interfere forcibly to prevent the trans
fer of the child. The step-father stepped round to
take the child, who had been sitting in the lap of
one of the ladies present. The little thing drew
back from him in apparent terror, and in an ini
ploring manner, with tears, called out to the Judge,
' Oh, Judge, do not give me to him !" This cau. -ed
considerable emotion, and the man showing a
disposition to assert the right the Court had de
clared in his behalf, several persons gathered up.
Mr Longworth, in an excited manner, said "Let
TI. HIT llllll
the mob interfere!' but the first man who attempt-
I ej w
as instantly taken hold of by the officers
and thrown out of the room. The little
child wept bitterly and clung to the friends that
had adopted her. Many of the ladies wrung their 1
hands, and declared it would be ruined if it left
them. The whole court room was turned into a
scene of confusion; and the Judge, as a matter of
j discretion under the circumstances, directed the
Sheriff to take the child into his own custody un-
i tu turther orders.
Strange Marriage Case. A novel case of
! habeas corpus, involving curious and important
questions oi law, was recently tried belore Judge
S. M. Moore, of the Circuit Court, Covington, Ky.
A resident of that city, named William Ross, a
short time since, became enamored with his step-
j daughter, .Margaret Coleman, who reciprocated his
affections, and a marriage engagement was the con
sequence. But the affianced pair found that their
relationship was among the degrees prohibited by
the laws of Kentucky. But the river was easily
1 1 aT V
passed, and once in Uhio the restraints ot the law
! te period ot iemale majority in Kentucky and
until the tune of her marriage having been under
the guardianship of a man named Hall, but who
had resigned as soon as the event had taken place,
a guardain named Elisha Coleman, a relation of
the ladies', was appointed for the occasion, and a
writ of habeas corpus was sued on Ross, command
ing him to produce his wife before Judge Moore,
j years of age, which included the period of her in
From th N. C. University Magazine.
A NORTH CAROLINA POET.
George Moses Horton more generally known
as "Poet Horton" "the subject of these brief
memoirs," is a negro and a slave, belonging to a
gentleman of an adjoining county. At an early
age he felt, rankling within him, and ever and
anon twitching his heart-strings, the real poetical in
spiration which induced him toapply himself to the
Science of Letters; this he did with such untiring
zeal and industry, that in a short time, and with
very little aid, he became quite a proficient both in
reading and writing. His inherent love for poetry
was very much enhanced by the perusal of an old
hymn book, tbe property of his mother; having
mastered which, he applied himself to Campbell's
poems, and committed to memory the whole of the
Pleasures of Hope.
One fine morning it occurred to him that there
might be other combinations of the alphabet hav
ing measure and rhyme, and thenceforth he was a
The late Mrs Caroline Lee Hentz, whose hus
band was then a Professor in the University, hav
ing been pleased with some of his verses, took
great interest in him and bestowed some pains on
his instruction; he afterwards showed his gratitude
for her kindness by writing an eulogy on her at
Some years ago he had printed a book of poems,
which, on account of his pecuniary difficulties,
never emerged from a dark corner of the printing
office. It can never shine forth, but by the re
flected light of twenty-five cent pieces.
He lives, at present, by his talents, writing
acrostics, etc., for the students, at a quarter of a
dollar each, which enables him to hire his time,
and devote his attention exclusively to the Muses.
He has favored us with a sight of the manuscript
of another book of his poems, which, from the
length of his subscription list,'we doubt not he
will be able to publish by the next commence
ment. It will be rather a large book ; the manu
script contains 229 pages letter-paper, closely
His price will be one dollar per copy.
All who have graduated here within the last
thirty-five years no doubt remember the sable poet,
and will need but the statement above to induce
them to seud their names as subscribers.
We give below a specimen of his writings;
I leave thee, with a falling tear,
And mount the fleeting car;
'Tis death to part with one so dear
For to my view thy charms appear
Like some revolving star.
I leave thee, but with deep concern
Which hope cannot remove.
Oh ! do not my affection spurn,
But patient wait till my return,
And prove the truth of love!
I leave thee, but I love thee yet,
The queen of ev'ry bloom;
I never shall my choice regret, ,
Until the sun of life shall set,
And love sink in the tomb.
Oh! Lady, take these lines to heart!
The last fond tale I tell,
Is that my own dear love thou art;
Then, till we meet no more to part,
My Lady, fare thee well!
"Can the Ethiopian Change II is Skin?" We
noticed some time since, in some of our exchanges,
a statement that the skin of a certain negro, living,
we think, in Savannah or Augusta, Ga., was
changing color and becoming white. We recall to
mind this instance, from the fact that there is an
old negro on one of our river steamers, who has
followed the business of a pilot since 1819, whose
skin is now likewise changing from a jet black to
the fairest white. His neck and arms, as far down
as his fingers, are of a smooth, soft, delicate
whiteness, that would rival that of the tenderest,
purest Circassian. His lips are of a soft, ruddy
hue, and his face and body beginning to show the
same radical wonderful change. The Ethiopian's
skin changes; not by his own power, it is true;
still it changes. What is the explanation of this
strange physiological phenomenon ! Euaula
Ti;k Bonnets. A year ago, says the Boston
Post, we predicted that "the little bonnets of the
present day are sure to be followed by the large
scoop-shovels which used to hide the fair faces of
the wearers fifteen or twenty years ago." Editors,
like poets, are prophets ex officio, and the fulfill
ment of our vaticination is already foreshadowed
in the spring fashions. Not long ago you couldn't
see a woman's bonnet for her face; presently you
won't be able to see her face for her bonnet, but
"Searching long in vain.
You'll spy her features down a Leghqrn lane."
Rowan County. In Gov. Swain's last article
on the War of the Regulation, he thus describes
the Rowan county of 1770 :
"Rowan county was at this time separated from
Orange by a due north and south line, intermediate
between the waters of the Haw and the Yadkin.
The village of High Point on the North Carolina
Railroad, will indicate with sufficient accuracy the
range of the eastern boundary. On the west it
extended to the Mississippi. The Virginia line
was the northern, and the Granville line the southern
. Salisbury, Asheville, Knoxville and Nashville,
may be enumerated among the principal towns in
the limits of the old county. It embraced an area
quite equal in extent to either North Carolina or
Tennessee, contains at the present time probably a
million of inhabitants, and would constitute a State
equal in population, resources and intelligence to
either of the commonwealths, of which the ancient
domain is a constituent part."
It has "grwn small by degrees," even Davidson
and Davie counties with their present 25,000 or
30,000 inhabitants, having been cut off from it
within the present generation.
Arrival of Slaves. As is generally known,
nearly all the large planters emigrating to Texas
bring their slaves over land, in consequence of the
greater expense of the Gulf route. Still, the
number arriving at this port is considerable. We
have not the reports of November and December
at hand during which months the largest numbers
usually arrive. For the first three months of the
present year the numbers entered at Galveston
Custom House were as follows : Arrived in January,
1,595; arrived in February, 846; arrived in March,
251. Total arrivals 2,602. The value of this
number of slaves is fully $2,602,000. The total
arrivals of slaves in the State, during the period
named, must be at least ten times tbe number as
at this port. Galveston. Civilian.
' . -
fi" The Indiana Constitutional Union opposi
tion Convention go for Judge McLean, of Ohio, as
a candidate for the Presidency. The Judge is,
like Mr Bates of Missouri, a Free Soiler, not so
bitter as Mr Seward, bt bitter enough in all conscience,
THE JOHN BROWN RAID.
More Revelations. The New York Herald
of Monday contains what purports to be a corres
pondence between Gov. Robinson and Redpath
and others, relating to affairs in Kansas and the
John Brown raid, which makes some curious de
velopments. Tbe correspondence implicates the
leaders of the Republican party in the Brown con
spiracy, and shows that tlie events in Kansas were
but preliminary to the raid at Harper's Ferry, both
being part of the same scheme of revolution con
cocted and organized four years ago. When Rob
inson was examined before the Senate Investigat
ing Committee, he asserted that John Brown
and Redpath were the only leaders in Kansas who
avowed revolutionary designs, and that the Free
State party had no connection with them. It ap
pears from the correspondence that Robinson him
self was one of the most ultra of the revolutionary
leaders, out-stripping in atrocity even John Brown
Not only did he endorse him by certificates and
an address "to the settlers of Kansas," but he "cool
ly proposed to him to assassinate all the leading
Federal office-holders in Kansas." It further ap
pears that Robinson sought to bring all the North
ern States into the civil war which was about be
ing inaugurated in Kansas, and that they proceed
ed thence to the East for that purpose. The follow
ing is an extract from the letter of Redpath to
"You perhaps remember, just before the sack of
Lawrence by the border of ruffians, that Robinson
started East. I, for one, could not understand why
he should want to leave at such a time, and urged
him strenuously to stay; and when pressed for a
reason as to his departure, he told me that he saw
the whole country was going to be involved in
civil war, and that he was going to the free States
to rouse the Governors and the people of them to
arms, so that when the army came on us another
could strike our enemies elsewhere, if necessary
From the Wadesboro' Argus.
Melancholy. The many friends of W. W.
Wilkins, ex-Sheriff of this county, will be pained
to learn that he has been stricken down with a
severe attack of paralysis. He took part in the
Democratic Meeting in this town on Saturday the
14th, and after retiring from it and getting his
dinner the attack came on. He had been com
plaining for several days of being unwell, and it is
generally conceded that the excitement attending
his speaking at the meeting, (he not being used to
public speaking) hastened the attack. The whole
of his right side is affected. He lays at "tiis room
at the Mansion House in a very critical condition,
surrounded by anxious and sorrowing friends.
Stock Sale. The eight North Carolina Rail
road Bonds (S500 each) belonging to the estate of
W. R. Leak, deceased, sold in this place, on
Wednesday the 11th inst., at public auction, we
understand brought 530 each.
Dividend. The Board of Directors of the
Bank of Wadesboro' have declared a semi-annual
dividend of five per cent., payable on and after
the 1st of next month.
Questions. The Augusta Constitutionalist asks
the following questions:
Who are the opponents of the Democratic party
at the North?
Answer -The abolitionists and sympathizers
with John Brown.
Who are the opponents of the Democratic party
at the South ?
Quinn's Rheumatic Remedy. This Remedy,
which has the reputation of being sovereign and
almost infallible in all cases of Rheumatism, will
be found advertised in our columns. Mr Quinn
resides at Charlotte N. C; and knowing him, we
have no doubt that tbe medicine will be put up
with the proper strength and of the proper
i n gred i e n ts. York v ille En q u irer.
THE USE OF DR. HOSTETTER'S STOMACH
BITTERS, lor Chills & Fever, Dyspepsia, Heaviness ol ihe
Stoin 'Ch, or any other like affection, is second to none in
America or abroid. To be able to state confidently that the
"Bitters" are a certain cure tor Dyspepsia and like diseases,
is to the proprietors a son rse ol unalloyed pleasure. It re
moves all morbid matter from the stomach, puiities the blood
and imparts new vitality to I he nervous system, giving it
that tone and energy so indtspeusible lor the resioiaiion of
health. The numerous acknowledgements of its superior
excellence and beneficent results, have assured ihe proprie
tors that it cannot but p'ove a great cure to the "fflicted.
For sale in Charlotte by E. NYE HUTCHISON & CO.
MRS. WINSLOW, an experienced nurse, and female
physician, has a Soothing Syrup for children teething, which
greatly facilitates the process ol teething by softening the
gums, reducing all inflamation will allay all pain, and is
sure to regulate tbe bowels. Depend upon it, mothers, it
will give rest to yourselves, and relief and health to your
infants. Perfectly sate in all cases. See advertisement in
0. S. BALDWIN,
WILMINGTON, N. C,
Has secured the services of a CUTTER FROM PARIS,
whose taste and ability, either on civic or military work
will be appreciated by gentlemen who desire to keep
pace with the mutations of Fashion.
Mis Cloths, Ca.simeres. and Vest Wigs, purchased bv
the case and of HIS OWN IMPORTATION, present an
assortment specially attractive, and from which no
gentleman, however fastidious, can fail to select an
outfit, for the season.
Workmen of the highest skill and ability are em
ployed in his manufacturing department, and no ex
pense is spared in producing, in their most attractive
forms, all the minor details of a Gentleman's costume.
Orders will be promptly attended to. Address
O. S. BALDWIN,
No. 38 Market St., Wilmington, N. C.
April 17, 1860. 9-4t
Desiring any style of TJniforms, can havfe the same
made in the most satisfactory manner at lowest rates.
We are prepared to furnish uniforms for schools entire.
COATS, PANTS, CAPS, &c, at New York prices.
We have one of the largest manufactories North, also
one in Richmond, Va., besides others in this State.
Wrhen our citizens desire to patronize the South, we
shall, at all times, be pleased to receive their orders,
and do the work as low and in a style equal, if not sup
erior to Northern work. Call and leave your measures.
Any institution, civic or military, desiring CLOTH
ING OF ANY KIND, can be supplied by us upon as
favorable terms, and as promptly, as by any house
North or South. We will send our Cutter to take mea
snres and orders uin application being made to
O. S. BALDWIN,
April 17, 18G0. 4t Wilmington, N. C.
From the subscriber, near Tucka-
seege Ford, about the 1st of April,
a BAY MARE COLT; 2 years old
this Spring. She has a star in
the forehead, and one hip is a
little low. Any person taking
her up, and giving me information directed to Tucka-
seege P. O., will he paid for their trouble.
' Apl 10, 1860. 3t A. F. SADLER.
The undersigned, as Agent, will receive applications
for Insurance in the North Carolina Mutual Life Insur
This Company is the joldest in the State, and has
been in successful operation for several years. Its rates
are moderate, and all losses promptly adjusted.
Persons wishing to insure their own lives or the lives
of their Slaves, in this Company, will call at the office
of the Agent at the Branch Bauk of North Carolina.
Slaves insured for two-thirds of their value.
Apl 3, I860. 3m T. W. DEWEY, Agt.
A Large Plantation. The Natehex (Miag.)
Free Trader of the 17th ult. Bays : The large
sale ever made in this county was consummated
yesterday. D. D. Whither sold out hfe place, fa
the lower part of this county, (9,000 acret of land.
with improvements, and 515 slaves,) to Jobs K",
Elgee, of Louisiana, for $1,000,120.
Washington, April 19. As a number of tbe
Opposition will pair off with the Democratic
members of Congress who are going to Charleston,
and will avail themselves pf this arrangement to
visit their homes, it is probable that scarcely a
quorum if so many will be left here to attend
to the public business.
David A. Burr, who has recently returned from
Utah, in a lecture last night, refuted the statement
of Mr Hooper, the Delegate from that Territory,
that tbe Mormons have no coinage of their own,
and exhibited some of their money, which the
authorities have forced into circulation to show
that it is 30 per cent, below the national standard.
It is said that the Administration adheres to the
possession of San Juan Island, and that in respons
to the proposition to the British Government, the
latter has by this time been so informed.
Immense Attraction !
Great Clothing Emporium
FULLIIVGS, SrRIIYGS & CO.
They are now opening at their large and rapacious
Store Room, the HANDSOMEST and CHEAPEST
Stock of Ready-made Clothing
ever offered in the State.
Their stock comprises all tbe different kinds of Fancy
Cut Linen and Marseilles Business Suits, English and
French Dran d'Ete and Aluaoca Frocks and Sacks: a
large variety of Cassimeie Pants Fancy and Black;
V - m nt I nt II. ' . 1 t - 1
aiso, fancy ana uiacK oim, vnssimerc anu ataricuiis
Vests in endless variety.
Gents' Furnishing Goods,
Trunks, Valises, Hats and Caps, &c, Ac. All of ta
above goods are of the latest styles aud patterns.
FULLINGS, SPRINGS & CO. have also added to tbeir
Ready-made Clothing Stock, a Merchant Tailoring D.
partiuent, to which they call the especial attention of
their many friends and customers.
They intend making this department second to nont
iu the State, either in style and quality of Goods, or i
the manufacture of Garments.
At all times will be found a good stock of Black and
colored Cloths, English, French and American CasU
meres, and it variety of Vesting. Also, an assortment
of Rock Island Cassimeres.
They feel confident of their ability to undersell any
other house in the State, from the advantages tbry
have in getting their goods.
Their goods are bought by the quantity, by one of
the Firm who resides in the Northern markets, wliirh
gives him the opportunity of taking advantage of tb
prices of goods, thereby saving at least Twenty-fiTt
per eent to the consumer.
JJyDImc? 6uved are Dollars made !"8 So try us.
JNO. M. SPRINGS,
JNO. P. HEATH.
April 10, 1860. tf
Quinn's Rheumatic Remedy
Has effected cures of Rheumatism that were considered
hopeless, certificates to prove which can be eshibitrri.
The suffering are invitee! to give the medicine a trial.
Orders addressed to tbe undersigned at Charlotte will
receive prompt attention. W. W. QUINN.
April 10, I860. Price $1 50 per bottle.
L. A FOR
The subscriber being desirious of removing West,
offers for sale his PLANTATION, situated ten miles
west of Charlotte, on the waters of Paw creek and C
tawaba River. The tract comprises 330 Acres, most of
it superior land. There is a good Dwelling and all
necessary out-houses on the premises. Terms liberal,
Also, will be sold a half interest in a Grist and .Saw
Mill adjoining the above tract.
Apl 3, 1860. tf WM. M. PORTER.
JAMES D. PALMER,'
Dealer in West India Fruits, Havana Segnrs,
Snuff, Tobacco, Willow. Ware, Toys,
All kinds or Fancy Goods,
And manufacturer of Candies and Con
fectioneries. One door above the Bank of Charlotte.
April 10, 1860.
of Spring and Summer Goods!
On Tuesday, April 3d, ELIAS k COHEN will open
at the Store" formerly occupied by T. II. BREM k CO.,
one of the finest and iargest Stocks of Good ever
offered to the public in this vicinity. Among our
Ladies' Dress Goods
will be found
Flounced Silk Robes,
Plain and Fig'd Bareges,
Best French Organdi,
Black and colored Silkt,
Silk warp Cballiet,
French Organdie "
u Jaconet "
Robes de Eugenia and
" " Imperatrice,
Jaconet, Organdie and Ba
rege Robes in every va
riety, English. French, and
Solid French Gincrhams and Lawns.
English, French, and American Prints, in tverj
variety and style.
Mull, Swiss, Book. Nansook, and Jaconet Muslinf.
Bishop, Victoria, and Linen Lawns.
Linen and Cotton Diapers.
Linen Table Cloths and Damasks; Dojlas; MamillM
Shawls and Jinn til la.
Chantilly Lace Mantles, Lace Points and Shawls.
Lace Stella Shawls, Embroidered Lace Points,
Burnois, Sultanna, and Piccolommini do. '
Silk and Lace Mantles and Mantillas of every deserip
tion. Linen, Barege and Cotton Dusters.
Sleeves, Collars and Setts.
in VaF.enciennes Lace; Book, Jaconet, Mourning, Lfa
and Pique. Also, a beautiful Stock of Embroidered
Handkerchiefs, Infants' Waists and Robei, Flouncings,
Edging.?, Inserting., and Dress Trimmings.
In our Trimmed Bonnets onr taste Is acknowledged;
we have a beautiful supply. ' Also, in French Flowtri,
Rusches and Ribbons.
Imported Parasols. Fans and Head-
DreS8es, with an unusual large supply of J?or
eign and Domestic DRY GOODS, Clothing, Hardware,
Boots, Shoes and HaU, and a
General Assortment of Merchandize,
which we intend offering to our friendsand enstomtra
at prices which defy competition. t&
for showing Goods.
Remember Ladies, Tuesday April 3d.
ELIAS k COHEN,
At T. H. Brem k Co's old stand.
We have a good stock of GROCERIES t
store-house formerly occupied by H. B. William.
March 37, I860.