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The western Democrat. [volume] (Charlotte, N.C.) 1852-1870, April 26, 1864, Image 1

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CHARACTER IS AS IMPORTANT TO STATES AS IT IS TO INDIVIDUALS, AND THE GLORY OF THE ONE IS THE COMMON PROPERTY OF THE OTHER. . J)I0 111 111 til j
ON THE
WEST SIDE OF TRADE STREET
-IN ADVANCU-
CHARLOTTE, N. C, TUESDAY, APRIL 26, 1864.
tlfa ITAtPIItii. Editor and Proprietor.
TWELFTH VOLUME H UI1BC B 618.
(Qrublishe every Tuesday,Q)
BY
WILLIAM J. YATES,
EDITOR AND- PltOPRIKTOE.
$10 IN ADVANCE.
P$F Transient advertisements laust be paid for in
advance.
J6-r" Advertisements not marked on the manuscript
f n a specific time, will be inserted until forbid, and
charged accordingly.
CO A' SCRIPT KECUJLA.TIOXS.
CONSCRIPT OFFICE, )
Kai.ek.h. N. C, April 2, 14. $
Th anni'Xfd Circular from the Bureau of Conscription,
directing tl execution of the late Act oi' Congress known
as the ''Military I Jill,' is published for the infurniutiou cf
all conoTiied. Iiy order of the Conmiuiitlant,
E. J. HARDIN. Adj't.
Iturrau of Conscription, )
Richmond, 31 arch 18, 18Gi. Mt j"
CIRCULAR NO. H.
I. General Orders, No. 20, A. & I. G. O., March 1st,
l-jtil, is hetvwith niadu a part of this Ciicular. and C'oni
i na ii'i.i n ts of Conscripts ar enjoined to proceed to the
rapid and vigorous execution of its provisions, under the
instructions and interpretation herein prescribed.
II. 1'nder the terms-of the ?th section of the Act -of
Congress published in General Orders, No 20. A. & 1. G.
O., and the-terins of Circular No. ;;", of tin: Bureau, last
series, Commandants will proceed to organize the service
in their respective States. In addition to' the organization
therein provided for. and in further pursuance of para
graph II, of the said G neral Orders, No 2(, Commandants
' will forthwith organize in each county. a Board, to consist
of not more than three of the most reliable and intelligent
citizens, between the ages of 45 and 50 years, and who
have been enrolled and detailed for the service. These
Boards will be charged with aiding the local enrolling of
ficer in obtaining information concerning all applications
for exemptions and detail, for agricultural or other indus
trial pursuits, and also in furnishing all information which
may lie needed in the duties imposed upon the enrolling
oflicers.
The local and - congressional enrolling officer will be
required to supervise tin action of these Boanfs, and
promptly report to the- Commandant unfitness or delin
iuencies on tin part of the persons detailed for them. So
long as the duties arc properly performed, the persons so
employed will he exempted fiom other service. Cart: will
be used in the beginning to select proper men: and in
view of the grave duties herein devolved upon the enrol
ling oliicer, he will, at his discretion, require. the written
opinion of the Board on claims for exemption or applica
tions for detail, and may call on them for special informa
tion concerning mutter pertinent to the office. In every
t ase referred by the local or Congressional district enroll
ing officer to the Commandants, an opinion as to the merit
must be endorsed or accompuny the case, and the like
rule will be rigidly observed by Commandants in refVr
ling to this Bureau i
III. Commandants will order the immediate enrollment,
and examination of all persons within the prescribed ages,
who are in tin employment of any department of the gov
ernment, and who are not specially exempted by tin- Act
of Congress : and such as are found fit for service in the
field may be detailed until the 10th day of April next, pro
vided an application is made according to the terms of the
!th paragraph of General Oiders, No 20. herein cited.
IV. Commandants of conscripts will forthwith transmit
to this Bureau, recommendations for physicians to be em
ployed in accordance with paragraph IX, General Orders,
No 20, herein cited. Much complaint reaches this Bureau,
conctiiiing irregularities in the Medical examinations.
Boose or irregular examinations must not be permitted,
and commandants wili promptly report any well ascer
tained delinquency in the matter.
V. Forms for consolidated reports bv the Commandant.
of conscripts will be forwarded; also forms for the Records
of the Congressional District, and Local Enrolling Offi
cers. These records must be accurately kept, and the re
ports based on them must be in clear and intelligible form,
or they will be returned for rcvisiou and correction.
VI. IVrsous and classes enumerated in the 1st, SJd, .Id.
1th, 5th and 0th articles of section 10th, except those re
ferred to in the latter clause of the 4th article of said 10th
section of the Act of Congress recited, shall be exempted.
All other persons referred to in said act shall be detailed.
VII. KXEMPTIOXS HY EXAMIMN'G BOARDS.
1 . Persons who shall be determined by the Boards of
Examination to be incapable of performing active service
in tin- field, and any of the duties mentioned in the fth
section of tin' said Act of Congress from causes of a per
manent nature, shall be exempted from military service
by the said board, who shall grant certificates thereof;
which shall specify the causes of the incapacity, reciting
in full the nature and degree of the disease or other in
capacity, and the probable duration of the disability caused
hy it ; and tin- parties shall not be subject to future exam
ination, utiles specially ordered by the Board of the Con
gressional district in which suih parties reside, or by the
Commandant of conscripts for the State. or by this Bureau.
2. When in the opinion of Emolling Oflicers the causes
foi which exemption was granted to a person, after exam
ination by tin- -Medical board, have ti as d to exist, they
will make a o port to the Board, stating the name of the
person, when enrolled, when examined, and the disease
or other cause of disability, with tli reasons for believing
it to have disappeared, and that the person is capable of
performing active service in the field, or some of the du
ties mentioned in the said ih section of the act aforesaid.
Tin Examining Board will then order the party to be
brought before it for a reexamination. When a person is
re-examined by the Board, his former eel tificate shall be
surrendered and cancelled. If again found unlit for duty,
a new certificate of exemption shall be issued to him.
Every eertilicate of exemption granted by a Board of
Examination shall be approved by the Congressional dis
trict enrolling officer, which shall protect the person ex
empted from molestation by the officers of conscription,
and from re-examination, unless the Boaid of Examination
r the Couimaudant of conscripts or the Bureau of con
scription hi-ai i order the same.
VIII. Exemption ok Sim:cu-mkd classes and Ixdi-
VUH-.W.S.
1. Applications for exemption under the 3d and 0th ar
ticles of the 10th section of the act aforesaid shall be made
to the Knrolliiipr officer of the count v in w lii. li tl.- ..n,.iL
cant resides
who will
uiuiiiu"iiiY invest in-nte Hi.
I. .--I. -
aim ii Kails ueu, oy couipciciii. rviueiice, that exemption
should be allowed, shall issue a certificate thereof- wbieb
.... 1 . 1 I . : l .
bv
i
case,
must be submitted to the Enrolling officer of the Con- i
gressioual district, for his approval. j
2. Applications for exemptions under the 5th artich? ;
o! the loth section of the act aforesaid, shall be made to i
the Commandant of conscripts for the State, who will ',
grant the certificate of exemption authorized by law. to I
continue during compliance with the conditions prescribed j
by said act. Exemption, except for the President. Trcas-
urer, Auditor and Superintendent, shall not be allowed to ;
any officers and employees of a Railroad company, unless i
the president or superintendent shall ecitify, on oath,' that j
tin- parties applied for are indisputable to the efficient op- I
ration of such railroad ; that the number of persons ex- '
nipted on said railroad shall not exceed one for each mile ;
..hereof in actual use for military transportation; that the !
exempts fur roads sin ue reported bv name and de
scription once a mouth to the commandant of conscripts
tor the fcute through which such roa4 passes, (or to the i
r.ureau ot Conscription), together with the names and de.- :
scriptiVe list of any who ma v leave the
railroad company, or who may c. as.i to be indispensable
to thf efficient operation f the said road.
c. 1 be 'x'-mp'ion of overseers or agriculturalists on each
iarm or plantation upon which there are now, and were on
-he hut day of January last; fift, able-bodied hands be
tween the ages ot lb and 50. will l, n........i r... ,..
?r,m l ? m.inths'and thr certificate of exemption shall be
kMnt. d by the officer taking the bond required by law,
upon being informed by the commandant for that State
that the bond is approved.
4. Tue bond required to ne given upon uie exemption
of an pverseer or agriculturalist, under the 4th article of
section urot said act. snau De uikcu uy luccmunuiguni
cer oi nie coumy or uisiiici m nu.u ouu rui V "-.
with the advice and assistance of the temporary Board
aforesaid. It shall be payable to the Confederate States
of America, in a penalty double the estimated value of the
products to be delivered to the government, and condi
tioned for the faithful performance of the requirements of
the 4th article of the 10th section of the said act. The
value of the said products shall be assessed by the Enrol
ling officer, who shall take the said bond, with the assist
ance of the said temporary Board, according to the mrket
value thereof at the time and plaee of assessment.
Tne said bond may be secured by a deposit of the
amount of the penalty thereof in notes issued from the
Treasury Department of the Confederate States, with any
of the depositaries of the said Treasury, or by personal se
curity, the nature of the security to be at the option of
the principal obligor in the said bond. Should the person
0 exempted elect to give personal security, the sureties
tendered by him shall justify their sufficiency under oath
before some justice of the peace, but shall not be .accepted
unless the Eiiroilinir officer ts kinsr the said bond, under
the advice of the said temnorary Board, shall deem them
sufficient. Such bonds shall, after due execution, be trans
mitted to the Commandant of conscripts for the State, for
file in his office, to be surrendered to the obligors when
the conditions thereof are fully complied with; and the re
ceipt of any (Quartermaster or commissary, specnying tnai
the amount of oroduce required by the bond has been duly
! delivered and accepted, will entitle the person to nave ine
bond cancelled ; and copies ot sucn receipts suouiu oe
forwarded to the Commandant of conscripts, to be by him
forwarded to the Quartermaster General, through this
Bureau.
IX. Exemption on account of Religious Faith
Persons entitled to ex-emotion as provided for in para-
P-rardi XII. General Orders. No. 20. A. and I. G. O., cur
rent series, will, on application, receive certificates thereof
from the Congressional District Enrolling officer, on pro
ducing satisfactory evidence that they have complied with
the requirements ot the law.
X. Exemption of Officers of Confederate and
State Governments.
Certificates of Exemption for officers of the Confederate
and State Governments will be given by the Command
ants of the States.
XI. Investigation of Applications for Exemption
1. All other applications for exemption shall be made
in writing to the Enrolling officer of the county or district
in w Inch the anohcant resides ; shall be supported by his
affidavit and other sworn testimony, and dealt with ac
cording t' the provisions of paragraph III of General Or
ders, No 20, A. and I. G. O., current series.
2. Every application for extmption should be carefully,
minutely and thoroughly investigated by the local Enrol
ling officer, with the aid of the temporary Board to be or
ganized under the 2d clause of paragraph II of this Cir
cular, and be thereafter transmitted to the Commandants
of conscripts for the State, with a report of facts, and their
respective opinions on the merits of the application.
Tin' r port of facts should be somewhat in detail, setting
forth in regular order the facts developed in the investiga
tion, giving briefly the reasons for the opinion expressed,
and instead of being put in the form of an endorsement,
will be made on a separate sheet of paper.
The investigation should not be confined to an examin
ation of the application and the papers that accompany it.
or merely into the truth of the statements therein made,
but should be directed with a view of ascertaing all the
facts and circumstances of the case, and the exact condi
tion of the parties with relation thereto.
XII. Details.
Agricultural Details.
1. The officers of conscription wjll give the most care
ful attention to the provisions of paragraph IV. G. O. No.
20. A. and I. G. O., current series, in connection with the
last clause of the 4th article of the 10th section of the Act
of Congress cited.
This paragraph embraces the whole system of details
provided by law to maintain the industrial production of
the country, m view of the public defence.
2. The investigation of every case presented must be
the most precise and accurate which can be attained by
the Enrolling officer (with the co-operation of the tempo
rary Boards), and all action must be in direct view of the
necessities indicated. Commandants will institute such
modes of enquiry and report as will furnish the fullest
testimony.
The policy of the law is to enforce the largest amount
of production in every case in which the detail is made.
The schedule of terms hereto appended will, it is believed
meet a majority of the cases that are likely to be present
ed. Where it is doubtful whether the case is covered by
the classification, Commandants will in general decide by
reference to the plain intent of the law, or refer the matter
to this Bureau, with full testimony and opinion. In all
details there must be satisfactory evidence of the necessity,
as e xpressed in General Orders, No 20, current serits.
Schedule oj Terms.
3. Where there are two or more farms contiguous, or
within five miles of each other, measuring from the home
steads, having on each five or more hands, amounting in
the aggregate to fifteen hands, or where one person has
two or more plantations within five miles of each other,
haviig an aggregate of fifteen or more hands, there may
be detailed one person as overseer or manager of tin? tvo
or more farms: provided there is on neither of the farms a
white male adult, declined by the Enrolling officer and
the temporary Board capable of managing the farms with
a reasonable efficiency, not liable to military duly: and
provided the person detailed was, on the first day of Jan
uary. H04, fit lii r owner, manager or overseer residing on
one of tin- farms: and provided the owners of said farms
shall execute a joint and several bond, on the terms pre
scribed for the owiu is of fifteen hands, except that such
person shall not be allowed the privilege of commutation
provided in the 4th article of the 10th section of the act
recited.
4. Where details are allowed to pc rsons lmving less than
fifteen, and five, or more than five hands, they sliall enter
into like obligation as prescribed for the owners of fifteen
or more hands, except that for each hand legs than fifteen,
down to five, there shall be supplied five pounds less meat",
thus: each of fourteen hands, ninety-five; thiiteeu hands,
ninety; twelve hands, eighty-five ; eix
hands, fifty -five; five hands, fiffy pounds.
5. Where details are allowed to persons having less than
five hands, they shall enter into like obligations to sell all
their sin plus productions to the Government.
t. All details herein prescribed to be allowed are
subject to revocation by the Commandant of conscripts,
on the report of the Enrolling officer that the person
detailed is not habitually, industriously and in good
faith engaged in the occupation for which the detail
is granted. Enrolling officers are required to be unu
sually vigilant in stipervi?ing such details. Omission
in this duty will constitute grave dereliction.
7. Enrolling officers are required to exercise the ut
most caution in recommending details in the classes
enumerated. It i.s by no means intended to grant
them indiscriminately but to limit them as is consist
ent with the public good. All pertinent circumstances
will be carefully enquired iuto. Among these are fit
ness for the field : ability or aptitude for' the purposes
of the detail ; conditfvn of the family; whether any, or
how many are in the military service; public good, !
justice, equity or necessity, &c, kc. j
XIII. Details for Public Necessity.
Applications for details, such as are not required for r
the service of any of the military Bureaux, or for ser- I
vice in any of the Departments of the .Government, in- !
eluding service with contractors, will be made, nccom- '
panied by a descriptive list, to the Enrolling officer of;
the appropriate county or District, and be supported i
tiy the itflidav.it of the applicant, and other testimony
under oath. I
The Eurolling officer will institute a minnte and '
searching investigation into .ell the circumstances of 1
the case, the result of which will be set .forth ou a sep- i
arate sheet of paper. ;
The District Enrolling officer may, if he approves ;
the application, grant a detail for sixty das, and for- j
ward the papers through the Commandant, to the Bu-
reau, for its action. I
If the application is refused, the reasons in full will I
be endorsed; and incase of appeal, the papers forward
ed to this Bureau, through the same channel.
If the persons for whose detail application is made
j are engaged in performing the dnties on account of
. wnicn aeiaiis are asicea, tney wui oe allowed lo remain
until final action. If otherwise, they should be sent to
camps of instruction.
XIV. Details for persons between 45 and 50, fob
Government Wobk.
Applications for the detail of persons between forty
five and fifty years of age, for service in any of the
military Bureaux, or in any of the Departmenta of the
Government, will be made, accompanied by a Jescnp
tive list, to the local or district Enrolling officer; and
it must set fcrth the nature of the duties to be perform
ed, the necessity for the detail, and the period for
which it is required.
The District Enrolling officer, after investigation
made and reported as directed in the preceding para
graph, may, if he approve the application, grant a de
tail for a period not exceeding sixty days, and forward
the papers to the Commandant, tor his action.
An appeal from the action of the Enrolling oflicers
and the Commandant may be taken to this Bureau.
XV. Details of Artisans, Mechanics, etc.
1. Applications for the detail for service in any of
the military Bureaux, or for any of the Departments of
the Government (including contractors,) of artisans,
mechanics, or persons of scientific skill, to perform in
dispensable duties, should be made, with descriptive
list, to the Enrolling oliicer. The skill of the party,
the duties to be performed, and why his services are
indispensable, and the period for which the detail is
required, must be distinctly set forth.
Applications for the employees of contractors must,
in addition contain a certificate from the officer con
tracted with, or the head of the Department, that the
services of the particular parties are required for the
performance of indispensable Government work. The
District Enrolling officer may grant the detail for sixty
days, and forward the papers, through the Commandant
(each expressing his opinion), to this Bureau, for its
action. .
If the application is refused, reasons in full will be
endorsed, and in case of appeal, papers forwarded to
this Bureau.
If the parties applied for are at work, they will be
allowed to remain until action is taken. If otherwise,
they should be sent to the camps of instruction.
Applications for the detail of contractors themselves
must also contain the certificate of the head of the
Bureau, required by the 11th section of the act.
XVI. All other applications for exemption or detail,
not otherwise provided, will be made to the Enrolling
officer, and forwarded through thejiroper channels.
XVII. Great care should be exereised in exempting
or detailing able-bodied men between eighteen and
forty-fly e.
No case should be acted on until after minute and
thorough investigation as to the alleged private or
public necessity, advantage, convenience, jusuce or
equity, and as to whether persons not liable to service
in the field may not be obtained.
XVIII. Reports.
I. Examining Boards in addition to the lists direct
ed in paragraph VIII, General Orders, No. 20, A and I.
G. O., current series, will furnish District Enrolling
officers with lists of men in their districts found fit
for military service, but unfit for service in the field,,
specifying in each case what duties they are capable
Of performing. Congressional District officers to fur
nish similar lists to county Enrolling officers, the ob
ject bein,: to enable persons needing detailed men to
see who are the subjects of detail, and to choose from
them.
2; Enrolling officers will forward to the Command
ant of conscripts, month, a report of all persons en
rolled by them, and the action taken in each case.
These reports will be consolidated by the Command
ant, with refetence to the distinctions made in the Act
of Congress, and the regulations for its enforcement,
in duplicate; one copy of which will be forwarded to
this Bureau, and one kept on file in the office of the
Commandant.
XIX. Enrollment of Reserve Classes. j
1. Commandants of conscripts will proceed to enroll
all persons between the ages of seventeen and eighteen
and forty-five and fifty years, in execution of General
Orders, No 33, A. & I. G. O., current series ; which is
herewith made a part of this Circular.
"Adj't. and Inspector General's Office, )
Richmond, Match 15, 186-1. )
General Oiders No. 33.
1. The Bureau of Conscription will proceed to enroll all
persons between the ages ot seventeen and eighteen years,
and between the ages ol forty-five and fifty years, under the
5tb section of the Act of Congress to organize forces to serve
during the war.
2. Persons liable to enrollment will present themselves to
the Enrolling Officer in the States east of (he Mississippi
River within thirty days from the day when the notice shall
be given in the district or county by the enrolling officer for
persons of this class to appear for enrollment. The failure to
comply with this notice will subject the delaulter to a liability
to be called into the general service with the class of persons
between eighipen and forty-five, unless he shall have a valid
excuse theitlor, to be judged of by the Bureau of Conscrip
tion. 3 Any person liable to enrollment-undcr this act may join
any company for local defence which has been formed under
General Oiders No. 86. issued 26ili June, 1863, for the war,
or any other company for local defence which has been ac.
cepted into the service, and which, by ihe terms of its enlist.
meni, is naute to serve any wnere witiua tne otate ; or per
sons of this class. n:ay form new companies foi local defence
and special service, under General Oiders No. 86 (1863), for
the war, and select their own officers. By order.
S. COOBER,
Adjutant and Inspector General."
2. Commandants will keep a separate and distinct
roll of persons between the ages of 17 and 18, and 45
and oj. -
3. Commandants of conscripts will assign to duty,
as a supporting force for conscription service, such
persons as may be recommended by the Examining
Boards as unfit for the field, but as competent for this
service; .and wten as many a? sixty-four such persons
are so assigned, they will be organized into a company,
elect their officers, and return their muster rolls to the
commandants; and if there be not a sufficient number
to fotm a company in each congressional d:strict, then
the commandant may assign a sufficient uumber.of
persons between 45 and 50 years of age, so as to com
plete a company for each congressional district. A
competent officer, of the rank of colonel, will be as
signed by this Bureau to organize such. companies iuto
a regiment, if there be the requisite number of com
panies; or into two battaiious, it' deemed preferable.
XX. General Instructions.
1. Commandants will always bear in mind that Gen
eral Orders No. 26, is n jt only the bas-is, but forms a
large portion of these instructions. They will habit
ually rrcur to its provisions to aid in the application
of tire other provisions of this Circular.
2. Commandants will of course refer cases of diffi
culty to this Bureau ; but references which bear on
their face that they are rather to avoid due responsi
bility or labor, will be retained without remarks.
3. The duty of the comnflTndant of conscripts is, in
accordance with these instructions, to maintain and
invigorate the industrial production of the Confederacy,
and supply its armies with men. This duty must be
performed, or onr struggle for liberty and indepen
dence will fail.
By order of Col. J. S. Preton, Supt.,
C. B. DUFFIELD,
April 11, 1864 A. A. General.
CrARRKT DAYIS.
This fine Horse can be found at my stable in tl 13
place, during the present season, on Mondajrs, Tues
days and Wednesdays, and at the rtables of W. T.
Stitt, in Providence, ou Thursdays, Fridays and Satur
days. Terns, sixty dollars insurance.
Jt. RABE,
March 1, 1R64 pd
K(jr WiBitxn Ihmorr at
J CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Our terms are $10 in the new issue or $15 in the
old. We have to pay new issue for the printing paper
we buy, and therefore must change the old for new is
sue, 5's included. $5 in the old issue pays for four
months' subscription.
J8 The Democrat will be discontitivrdtq all subscri
bers at the expiration of the time for which it u paid.
Those who want to' continue must renew before or attheez
diration of their time.
Hard f7pmpany H, 4th N. C. Regiment, re
cently held meeting aud passed the following re
solution among others : '
Resolved, That we have heard with prefound
regret and indescribable indignation that many of
the ladie3 for whom we are fighting, are setting
their caps for militia oflicers and such characters
as have escaped the swift current by virtue of Ha
beas Corpus and various other hobbies, and not
only so, but are actually .marrying them occasion
ally. Co. H is from Iredell county, and the ladies of
that county had better write to their soldier ac
quaintances or some one will get mad.
Seriously, we fear that the ladies (and home
folks generally) do not write to the soldiers often
enough. Write cheerful, encouraging letters, and
they will help tie soldier to discharge his duty in
better spirits, and make him more determined to
fight in defence of his home.
State Taxes! We copy from the
Raleigh
Confederate the following correspondence, by which
it will be seen that the State does not tax Confed
erate Bonds :
Brownsville, Granville co , NC, April 13.
To the Comptroller of the Treasury of N. Carolina:
Sir One of the Magistrates who is to take the
list of taxable property, applied to me to know
whether the 4 per cent funded currency should be
given in, in the taxable property. I could not ad
vise him, and at his request I ask a solution of the
question. Please answer and oblige yours, &c,
A. W. V ENABLE.
Comptroller's Department, Raleigh, April 16.
Hon. A. W..Yenable, Sir: In reply to yours of
the 13th inst., I am authorized to say that our
present Revenue Law does not impose any tax up
on Confederate Bonds of any kind, for either State
or county purposes.
At the adjourned session in rebruary, 1SG3, in
the Revenue Bill before the General Assembly,
Confederate Bonds were included in the 4th para
graph of section ltether with county and Htate
bonds, ihe two Houses disagreed upon sundry
matters in the bill, a committee of conference was
appointed and made their report,.which was adopt
ed, and one recommendation was to strike out Con
federate bonds, which was agreed to. So that
neither bonds then issued or those since issued by
the Confederate States, of whatever kind, are sub
ject to State or county tax.
The Public ireasurtr tnd Attorney General con
cur in this opinion. Very respectfully,
C. li. BliOUDEN, Uomp.
Correspondence of the Western Democrat.
Headq's N C. Cavalry Brigade,!
April 14,-1864.
Mr Editor : Hoping that you will be kind
enough to indulge me in a few remarks, I will at
tempt my first piece to a newspapet. As it is
generally the custom of soldiers', when writing, to
speak about their respective commands, 1 will not
omit saying a few words in regard to our brigade.
Ibis brigade liakers, commonly known in the
army as ihe "North Carolina Cavalry Brigade"
is now commanded by that gallant and dashing
officer, Brig. Gen. James B. Gordon. Ever since
the first organization oi our brigade, lcth Sept.,
1863, Gen. Gordon has commanded it, winning
laurels not only for himself, but for his men, State
and country, showing the croakers and "whipped
men" of North Carolina that what courage they
once possessed, if any, fcas been transmitted to the
brave souls ot the iN. U. soldiers. Ihe 1st, 2d,
4th lud 5th N C cavalry Regiments compose this
Brigade generally known among the cavalry as
the "tar heels."
We are now encamped near Milford Station, on
the Richmond, Fred. & Potomac Railroad. We
all anticipated a fine treat by hearing Gov. Vance
n ake one of bis amusing aud patriotic speeches at
Hanover Junction, during his visit to this army,
but unfortunately, from some cause, he was not
able to visit us. Why the people at home can
support Mr Iiolden in preference to Gov. Vance,
with all his fickleness and changing about, is more
than wo soldiers are able to comprehend. Mr
llolden, to hear him speak for himself, is always
supporting the "poor soldier," . but Gov. Vance's
actious speak louder than Mr Uolden's words.
Mr Uolden's "supports" are in the Raleigh Stan- '
dai d in the shape of nothing. Gov. Vance's sap
ports" are in Virginia in the shape of shoes, !
blankets, clothes, cvc.
Ihe Spring campaign is about to open the
army is actively preparing, and nothing preveuts
S
a contact ot tue armies oa. cue aimosi .upa.vie ,
uuiiuiLion oi ine luaua. uui unnuc. ntuu u
, T t l "11 I
copies the right of Gen. Lee s forces, w,l soon be .
ready to make a few more dashes on Kilpatrick's
"invincibles," and led on by our gallant leader we
will no doubt gain a better reputation for fighting
ror tne cavalry tnan ii gaineu lass summer. o.o
Spirit Rappings. The Southern Republic
The Southern leputiic '
e of Miteissippi has pas- ;
ic subject of distilleries. '
len anv one shall establish
learns that the Legislature
sed a scorching law on the
The law provides that when any.
a distillery, the property and everything thereunto
appertaining, shall be confiscated. It is made the
dutvofeverv officer in ibe btate or county, no
matter what office he may hold, to report the same, ,
nnrlor thp npnnrv of five thousand do ars fine and
- - .
twelve months imprisonment in the county jail, and .
.r, 0 nr nonUotinn ch-.ll nor i
again be eligible to hold any office in the State. j
In case the same is reported by a citizen, he shall j
be paid one-half the price of the property confis- i
cated. i
DREAD OF THE FUTURE
The following is from the Nw York Sunday
Mercury. It &howa that the Yankee nation is on
the eve of being upheaved with internal commo-
tioo ;
Dread of the Future. It is not to be disguised,
that the wisest men at Washington, as well as
throughout the country, look with fear and dread
upon the issues of the coming Presidential can
vass. The temper of the people is so excited, the
issues are so vital, the disturbances civil, social
and political created by war are so profound,
that it is reared an excited Presidential canvass
will plunge the nation into chaos. , Heooe,
thoughtful and prudent men have warmly secon
ded the idea to postpone the excitement of a Presi
dential election for four years more, by which time,
it is hoped, the rebellion will not only be subdued,
but the country will be tranquilized and restored
to its normal condition
Among the difficulties which are foreseen in the
future are the following:
First In the event of an election, with Gen.
McClellan on one side and Abraham Lincoln on
the other, should the mass of the soldiers' votes
be thrown, through Administration Infliifn. in
favor of Mr Lincoln, the North will at once be
plunged into all the horrors of war. The Demo
crats would claim, and will no doubt be able to
prove, that the vote was, to all intents aud pur
poses, fraudulent: that the soldiers, either through
discipline, fear, favoritism, or the doctoring of the
returns, were compelled to vote en masse for Mr
Lincoln. In that case the whole nation would
name up in revolution, and the streets of our
cities would run with blood
Second If Abe Linpoln should be elected by
the votes oi the esteru fetates, under his own
Amnesty Proclamation, that also would undoubted
ly create an outbreak at the North. The people
of the State of New York, (for instance) would
never consent to be outvoted in the Electoral Col
lege by bogus electors repseseuting the camp fol
lowers and creatures of Mr Lincoln, in Arkansas,
Louisiana, Texas, Tennessee, Florida, etc. In
other words, they would uever consent that the
few pretended loyal .thousands-in the Southern
States should outvote the undoubted loyal millions
iu the Northern States.
Thirdly. On the other hand it is believed that
ifj by charges of corruption against the Adminis
tration and the prejudices created ;ly clamor
against miscegenation and negro eqTtality, the
Democrats should succeed in electing General 51c
Clellan, it isRot believed that the people who have
control of the Administration would consent to
give up their power. The monetary interests in
voked are so enormous, that every consideration
which can appeal to the selfishness of ambitious
men would tempt the party in power to ignore the
election.
It cannot be disguised that the passions of the
populace are at fever-heat. That paper money,
the high prices, the fierce excitement of the war,
have so wrought upon the passions of the multi
tude that it needs but a spark to blow the whole
framework of society into atoms. It is the man
on horseback who would then rule us. and our
boasted liberties would find their rave in the tomb
of military despotism. It will thus be seen why
it is seriously proposed to postpone the Presiden
tial election."
If the Yankees think they can avoid civil war
in their midst by postponing the Presidential elec
tion, they will find out their mistake when they
undertake it. Postponing the election would pro
duce a revolution sooner than anything else, for
those who are panting for the offices now filled by
the abolitionists, would not quietly submit to a'
postponement without resistance.
, , ., ., i I,.
WAR ITEMS.
The Capture of Fort Pjllow. Last week
we published a telegraphic dispatch stating that
Fort Pillow iiad been captured by the Confeder
ates under Gen. Forrest. Later news confirms the
report and indicates that Forrest achieved a hand
some victory. The yankee garrison consisted of
3Q0 white and 400 negro troops. The Fort refus
ing to surrender, cn the 11th was carried by 6torm,
Forrest leading the assaulting party. An indis
criminate slaughter followed, and the place was
covered with blood. 100 prisoners were taken
the balance were tlain. Many of the yankees
jumped into the river and were drowned or shot
in the water- Stores valued at upwards of $100,
000 and six guns were captured. The Confed
erate loss amounted to 75 men killed and wounded.
Fort Pillow is on the Mississippi River, about
45 miles north'of Memphis
JB0 A yankee spy, -Dr. Lugo, was ariested just
as he was about crossing the Rappahannock rivcf
on his return - North. Maps of the harbors of
Charleston aud Wilmington weie found on his
person.
Lynchburg, April 19 A Yankee tpy under
the assumed name of Sterling King, believed to be
Conrad who was with Dr Roesco Lugo, has been
arrested at Marion, Virginia, and recognized by
returned prisoners from Camp Douglas as a Yan
kee detective from Chicago. When arrested, he
represented himself as Colonel of the 2d Virgtuia
Confederate cavalry.
CHAPLAIN Hanoed. Dalfon,
April 18
i T l?:.u U,,.l..: VM I., V... R;n.nt
VDIUCS i Ilium I, Vliuiiiuin j'jm 4&iBkauJ
um d enc
mutiny, and canning on a secret correKpwideuce
; with the enemy. He made a full couie.-sion, ac
knowledging the justice of bis sentence.
Skirmish at Winchester. Capt. Calmees,
with some sixtv men. attacked the enemv. on the
1 1 11 uic biaij mm, '---- j "
8th, at Winchester, Va., and captured thirty pris- :
oners, who arrived in Staunton'Tuesday last. Our !
nnn had left Winchester but a short time when
. . . .
the enemy. 125 in number, came in, who learning
this fact set in pursuit ot oar force, which Cupt.
Calmees being apprised of by their appearance !
close to bis rear, about faced ordered a charge and ;
I I ..,ll,.n.. l.aaAh ul aaaaa. .
rove tuem aeiuwnu r.uruUf5u luC .uu.ioubiu. own, hu,, ih, i ra,.H Hlwcn Hnl
hort distance beyond Winchester, making the
above captures. Among me prisoners was one
lieutenant. Richmond Acquirer.
fiST A detachment of the 67th N C Regiment
recently went 100 miles within the enemy's lines
- and destroyed Lookout Lighthouse.
A HOVEI BP1NNIWO MACHINE.
We called attention, gome time ago, to the im
portance of a certain spinning machine. Several
Litters of inquiry oa the subject have beeo ad
dressed to us since then, and we go into the fol
lowing particulars of the apparatus by way of a
general answer: . .
The machine is not by aoy means new. The
father of the young mm who flow makes it Icara
ed the craft at Nashville, Tennessee. n, how
ever, made some improvements in the'ori&ioal mo
dels, and these are valuable as obtaining cheap
ness of construction, eoonomy of repairs, lighter
working and better thread. Tbey are the proper
ty of the widow of the inventor, bat have not beeo
secured by patent. . .
The machinery consists of a gin, a series of rol
lers and reels for winding the thread. The whole
is worked by a crank-handle, with very little more
effort thau that required for an ordinary spinning
wheel. A cloth revolving over a pair of light rol
lers is clothed with small pieces of raw oottoa,
and, as it moves with the rje neral motion, drop
the fibre bit by bit, upon jne gin saws. Theso
having cut out the aecds, the liut is -carried in tLiu
layers under the rollers, and thence through a se
ries of small slats in . thread to ihe reels. The
whole is very simple, very ingenious, aud very ef
fective.. The spinning machine is greatly superior to the
wheel and card. A woman and little boy can pro
du4 with it, in a day, a pound and a half of fins
thread. The quantity alone is norths only differ
ence: thsr quality ia very much superior. The
material would cott for the day's wotk, say tl,
whereas the result of that work at present rates
for inferior thread, would amouot to from 915 to
$20. While dividing half the profits between the
poblio in the shape of a reduction in the price of
cotton cloth, this machine would furnish a means
of not only support, but comfort to many poor
families that are now with willing hands suffering
for want of their daily bread. Distributed io the
hill country of the interior, it would not only make
many a poor home cheerful, but would benefit the
country by introducing an important branch of in
dustry for permanent development amongst tho
people.
The materials for the construction of the ma
chine can all be obtained withou difficulty. Thoo
necessary fur one consist of about t-, pounds of
No. 16 wire, about three pounds oi ' sheet iron
varying in thickness from one sixteenth to one
eighth cf an inch, four small sheets about ono
pouud weight of tin, four pounds of brass, ten
pounds of rod steel, aud about fifteen pounds of
rod iron. A wooden frame is all that is necessary,
with these, to complete one of these machines.
The present means of constructing the spinning
machine is alow. If regular shops for the purpose
were established, they could be completed in urge
numbers every moath. A company, organized for
the purpose, could find no better investment, and
could certainly do no better service to the country.
I' he property in the invention of the improved
machine belongs, we are told, to Mrs. Lewis.
She lives at the dinner house on the stage road,
between Reidsville and Greensboro', in Guilford
county, North. Carolina. Her son learned tho
business from his father, and appears to be a very
ingenious mechanic He is now on detail from
the army, on application of several owners of ma
chines requiring repairs, but how long he may be
allowed to remain at the work we do not knew.
We fin J the above in some of oar exchanges with
out a credit we think it Is copied from tbs Urtens
boro Patriot.
How the Newspapers Killed a Soldier
the Result. Just after the fight at Belmont I
met Major, now called Colonel Cole, of the 5th
Confederate Regiment, (severely wounded in the
late battle at Chattanooga.) With Cole was an
old man named Gibbons, Cole's orderly. I was
then a newspaper correspondent, and soeght from
Major Cole information as to the details of the
fight ob his psrt of the field. He gave them, ant
at the same time the names of the killed of hl$
Regiment. Just hero "old Gibbons" interrupted
us, and insisted that his name should be on the
published list of the slain, lie assigned as a rea
son, tbat bis wife was a tcrmjgaot, that he could
not live at home in peace, and had therefore joined
the army. He diubed her to suppose hi in dead,
and then ferbapa the would regret the wanton
wrongs she had done bim.
Seeing no special harm to result, I added to my
memoranda " Paul Gibbons, a brave old soldier
belonging to Col. Pickett's regiment, was shot be
tween the eyes while fighting gallantly beside
Major Cola." I bad the testimony of Cote and of
Gibbons himself, and surely this was enough tor a
veracious letter writer. Shortly afterwards I met
the correspondent of the ctewspapor, and
we exchanged note. The letters appeared and
the death of Gibbons was dolv announced.
The little paper published in the village whence
Gibbous came, pronounced a touching eulogium,
aud to the great world beyond the army, Gibbons
was no more.
Six months afterwards I went down the Tennes
see in a skiff from Chattanooga, to reach our army,
then encamped at Tupelo. One dsy riding along"
oar lines I was accosted by a care-worn old man,
whom I did not recognise. "Don't you know me?"
he asked io tremulous accents. "I am ihe dnao
whom you killed at RelmonL I could not repress
an exclamation of denial and amasemeot, the terms
of which need not be reproduced. He then ex
t.laincd that I hsd "killed bim in the newspapers;"
; that "his wife had administered on his estate, sold
' his negroes and married again."
1 I asked bim what I could do for bim 7 . Hjs
' t,.nn. bv.ka. vbifa tiftira and rfnt itM
touched all my sympathies. He answered that I
.art e j
un.- - j -jr
"muat rrturrcct him.
and sincerely as I 1
laughed till my side
Bad as was uiooons lace,
regretted what 1 bad done. I
sides ached. The old man jrew
angry at length, and swore he would shoot ma.
The joke vsoishetf, and l become tnstsotiy serious.
In solemn accents I promised to resuscitate bim
through the columns of every newspaper in the
k. Waam n aa X A M A.I aa aaaa IMata a a a
.to the village u i which Gibbons fcaJ lived
II is
home was plundered and burned, aod bis slaves
enticed awsy to starve ia a Yankee gsirisoti. The
old man died, and was taricd perhaps no one can
designate the spot. We never hesrd of him after
j we left JSorthern Misswsippi. Atlanta Rejiticr.
1

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