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1 WEST ERN DEMOCEAt, CHARLOTTE, JN. C. "3 ;' 1:: ifl- Mi :4-1 HI 1 r I r 5iH - ill 2. - V ,4: ; II f 111 if! ML is-- Ai i n. : s- : 1 ' ' 'II s Jt! ST it f Ik I v ' !i m WAE ITEMS. -Oev Johnston's Army. A letter from Dal ton, Ga., to the Richmoud Enquirer, speaks of Gen. Johnston's army as follows: "The health of the men in Gen. Johnston's ai my was never so pood. Indeed, the hospitals here and in the towns in the South-west are nearlyiall emptied, and the surgeons repose in otntm mm digniiate; and if stationery were not so scarce, niignc nave me leisure iu ptejjarK vaiuauie c.- out of the results of their active and laborious cam paigns. Uen. Johnston s lioerai system or grant-; tog furloughs has worked admirably. The fur l jughcd men arc rapidly returning, greatly im proved in vigor, in health and spirits, and many of them bring recruits. The young men who are reaching the military age are rapidly joining their brothers and comrades in the army. It is an in teresting and animating spectacle to witness the hilarity, pride and hopefulness which characterize and designate the minds of sturdy, rosy-faced, un browned young warriors, whom you meet.every- where, "going to the front," from those wboieitber voluntarily or from necessity, have to remain be- mna, or even irotn inose wuo are going come on short furloughs. The will be little difficulty in feeding John ston's mid Polk's army in this country, and of sending a surplus to your ;Virginia army, if the Government will infuse a little more vigor and ac tivity into the transportation department. West Alabama and East Mississippi alone can supply the whole Confederacy with Corn and nearly with pork. "But you in Virginia must see to the forwarding it." Gen. Forrest's Officai. Report. Gen. Forrestls official dispatch, anoouncing the capture of Fort Pillow, has been received at the War De partment Five hundred of the seven hundred men composing the Yankee garrison, were killed. All the officers in the fort were killed. ' Forrest's lose 20 killed and 60 wounded. Over one hun dred citizens who had fled to the fort to escape couacription ran into the river and were drowned. From tite Trans-Mississippi. Mobile, April 19. Warren Adams, courier from Trans-Mississ-ppi, reports thut on the 9th insti, Banks' courier to Franklin was captured. Banks says " Hasten tip; I am surrounded by rebel cavalry. Red river iias suddenly fallen. Some forty transports and gunbqits are caught above the raft, and cannot,go out "before the water rises." Mobile, April 20. Western 'despatches report a battle at Mansfield, La , on the 8th inst , in which Banks was defeated with the loss of 8,000 men. .Kirby Smith captured 35 guns, 200 Wa gons and 2,000 prisoners. Federals admit a de feat. , Gens. Mouton and Polignac (Confederates) severely wounded. Yanks are still surrounded on Little Moussaye, awaiting reinforcements. Attack on Port Hudson. Col. Powers with 200 men dashed into Port Hudson .on the 7th inst., and captured one" gun and 18 Yankees. The Yankees admit the loss of 90. Col. Powers lost three wounded. J2?Mosby made another raid on Saturday last to rairf ax Station, capturing ua wagon train, lie burnt 20 wagons and carried off the horses. The Toriun Western N. C. The Ashe vilie N-ewsofthc 14th inst. says that since Gen. Longstreet fell back from East Tennessee, a band of tories under a Col. Kirk have had things pretty much their own way in the section between Madi son county and the Tennessee line. Our forces, stationed at Marshall, Madison county, have fallen back towards Asheville, and a fight was expected. A band of tories visited Burnsville, Yancey co.. recently, and seized 100 guns and a quantity of provisions. The best plan for loyal peopleto adopt, is to arrest every ory in -their neighborhood and make way with him before he has an opportunity to do harm. Kinston, X. C , April 19th. A brisk skir mish came off on Sunday evening last, near Heath's mills, below this towu, between a Yankee scouting ptorty of about one hundred stiong, and a detachment of the 6th N. C Cavalry, commanded by Col. Folk. The enemy were routed with a Iofs of two kU'ed and three captured. Tne prisoners were brought to this place last night. No one hurt on our side. Biigadier Gen. Corse, with his brigade, got af ter the Yankees day before yesterday, on the Do ver road, and drove them into their works beyond Bachelor's; creek, the enemy destroying the bridges alter them as they fled, and our troops, being un able to cross the stream, could pursue no further. Cor. Raleigh Confederate. IMPORT AN T DECISION. Judge Halyburton, of the Confederate States District Court, .delivered, on the 18th, a long and able decision sustaining the constitutionality of the act suspending the writ of habeas corjms. The case, for the petitioners, was argued by Hon II. S. Foote, R. T. Daniel, F. L. Smith, , Eaton Nance, John H. Gilmer, D. Marr and E. Orvis, and for the Government by P. H. Aylett, Esq., who associated for the Government Judge Monroe, the venerable and distinguished Judge, for many years, of the District Court of Kentucky. The argument of the case occupied nearly two weeks, and the following point? were insisted upon iby the counsel for the petitioners: 1st. That the law was unconstitutional. 2d. That if constitutionalthe court could never theless go behind the return in any case in which .a party was detained by authority of the President or Secretary of War, and inquiro into the facts of each -case to ascertain whether these were sufficient grounds for detention. The sourt, in an opinion remarkable for its learn ing and ability, overruled all the objections to the net, and remanded the petitioners to the custody .of the proper officers. Richm ond Enquirer. mm tm A Suggestion to Rail Roao Officers. The frequent occurrence of accidents on Rail Roads by the oreakage of wheels, admonishes more precau tion. A wheel may be cracked or otherwise dam aged and started on a trip, loaded with valuable lives, and from a flaw give way on the road and throw the train off the track and cause the death of some of the passengers. Such has been the case twrce recently on the W. & MR. R., and at least tne :ast caso was an oia crack in tne wneel, which caused it to break near this place, killing a soldier.; instantly. I have been informed by a gentleman, j that in Europe that they have a man to go round and sLrike each wheel with a hammer before the trains move out of town, and it is told by a pecu I? . " !4 -! 1 l .i . . . uar ringmg souna oi me wneci, wnetner it is in ' Kooa eonaition or not. x wouia res j i- . . . T i t ..n ' g"st the same plan to Rail Road country. Tirnmonsville, S. C, April 13th Th- to Save in tlie Use cf Soap 1 lbs. cf hard soap into small pieces, in a gallon of water, add lb. of washing soda and a tablc spoonfiul ef salt; boil the mixture briskly for near ly an hour, then pour it off to cool and cot up into bars. - E2TCOUE AGING- Thp recent Northern newsi3 of vital interest. ClnlA at 17n tnx. tariff and bank bills ODoressine the people the Yankee Congress playfag fantas- tic tricks before hi"h Ueaven greenoacKS graau- ally changing into worthless rags-the ; country moving straiglit on . toward the bottomless pU of bankruptcy-war threatened against. France for inmrveninrr in the affairs of Mexico and the : wh0le nation plunged into the chaos of a Presi- j dentui canvass, outot wLieu bioou seems aescinea tn aow these are ei'Mis which indubitably prove that the North is rapidly drifting toward that Mr Dayton last fall laid before the French Gov maelstrom which is desriiu'd to engulf its destinies eminent proofs of the real destination of the ves In the South, we have sutTered and grown strong; ; sel; and, after much delay, the work was stopped we have learned to hear punishment, humiliation ' by Governnient orders. JJut during the last two and defeat; have united in a common sacrifice; , months, as the "Opinion" declares, that work has have cheerfully succumbed to circumstances that ' been resumed, and two of the vessels are now rea have deprived us of comforts, home and wealth; ; dy to be passed over to the rebel agents Lieu and yet to-day we stand forth more magnificent in tenant IMaury and Captain Bullock have been our power, and better assured of our final glory prominent in these negotiations. These vessels than at any period during our eventful past. j are iron-clad, and the rebel authorities have order- The North on the other hand, commenced the : ed an entire fleet, which the Government of Na j war n tjje height of her prosperity, with wonder f u resources, put millions of men in the field and thousands on the sea, and for three years has stub bornly breasted the tide of adversity that swept in against them, until finally she stands to day relax ed, if not exhausted, doubtful, if not discouraged, and by her own confession about to concentrate all her remaining power upon the last throw of the die. Should Grant prove unsuccessful, the mili tary game is up. Politically and socially, the fu ture of the North is but a reflection of the black ened ruins of the present. Dissension and the spirit of destruction pervades the masses. Riots, tumults and civil commotions have already begun to blot her page, while the people, as if stirred by some devilish impulse, have plunged into the wild est excesses, of which the French Revolution, in the time of Robespierre and Marat, only affords a parallel. The contrast between the two sections is a strong ! one, and we ought to feel grateful that our own sunny South has been blessed to that degree winch enables lis to stand as a nation before the world, untarnished in honor, and steadfast in maintaining those principles which underlie civil liberty, ma jesty and power. Columbia Carolinian. wm mm NORTHERN ITEMS. A Cairo dispatch, of the 17th, says Forrest has abandoned Fort Pillow, leaving it a perfect wreck. The main body left the Fort Friday, going North. Forrest's headquarters are believed to be at Jack son. Wirt Adams drove the Yankee force from Big Black a week ago, and took mar.y, prisoners. The steamer Golden Gate was taken possession of on thV nifhtofthe 12th inst., fifteen miles above Memphis, by guerrillas, who robbed the boat, passengers and crew of everything. Duvall's Bluff section is overrun with guerrillas. All boats approaching are fired into. Good On the 11th, 400 Texan cavalry attacked a camp of Unionists at Roscville on the- Arkansas river, but were repulsed. The gunboat Chenando exploded at the Brook lyn Navy Yard last Friday. Boat a total loss. Thirty-five persons injured, twenty-two dead. The past week has been one of extraordinary excitement in New York financial circles. Gold was quoted at 173 to 1S9. The Herald says the time for the great crisis has not yet arrived. Un til it does let us be calm as possible and prepare our nerves for the crash that these small events merely foreshadow. The cane of Mr Long. In the Yankee House of Representatives, on the 14th, the case of Mr Long of Ohio, "was discussed throughout the entire session. Mr Col in x withdrew his resolution to ex pel Mr Long, and accepted MV Bromall's resolu tion of censure. The debate was very spirited, and the galleries were crowded with spectators'. Finally the resolution censuring Mr Long for de claring himself in favor of the recognition of the rebel Confederacy was adopted by a vote of eighty against seventy. A Pretidential Convention to be held at Cbve land, Ohio. A dispatch to the "Herald," from Washington, states that arrangements had been definitely made for the meeting of a popular con vention, including delegations of the Republi cans dissatisfied with the present Administration, to be held at Cleveland, Ohio, about the 20th of May next. It is proposed to nominate then- arid there a candidate for the Presidency. The pecu liar advocates of the election of Mr Lincoln are much moro alarmed at this movement than at the prospect of either financial or military disasters The War in tiie Indian Country. Judge Fields, of the Cherokee Nation, has made a public appeal with regard to the distressed condition to which the women and children of the Indian allies, in the Creek and Cherokee nations, have been re duced by the calamities of the war. He represents that their country, lately the abode of plenty, and blessed with the comforts of home and civilized progress, has beeu invaded and occupied by the enemy, their property wantonly destroyed, their fields laid waste, their homes laid in ashes, and their families.driven ruthlessly from their borders, subjected to lamentable want and distress. Especially have these hardships fallen upon the Chcrokees. Homeless and naked, they are now wandering among strangers, in search of food and raiment, and dependent upon the charity of their less afflicted brethren for shelter in their refuge. We have in the sufferings of the poor creatures a new and attractive object of charity. There have been so many and uniform modes in which the public charity which this war has given occas i&n for has manifested itself, that it is remarkable that it has hitherto overlooked the "red men," our faithful allies on the border, who are exposed to the worst calamities of the war. These allies have served us well in the war. Iudeed we are in form - cd that -even regiments from the Indian country are now in lue service, urjauizeu Willi operating west of the Mississippi. the forces Yankee Deserters. The records Thunder give strange evidence concerning the re- j plain questions to the Colonel, and wanted per markably fine spirits of the Yankee army in Vir- : fectly frank answers to them, promising that these ginia. Within the last few weeks nearly a bun- ! dred deserters from Grant have passed over the line and come asting asylum in the Dosom or the rebellion. For the last few davs thnv have hPrn nartimilarlv nerseverinsr in e-ettinr to Richmond ahead of time,' unwilling to wait for Grant and 6tad the chances of being put to a great deal of unnecessary trouble and in no liu'e danger. It is hfirnmino' a p.ustoniarv Riaht tn see panaris of fiuo o ? n t ' x. cirht or ten per dav. marching to Gen. Win c-i . y have been informed by an intelligent officer, was forty millions of bushel. In South Carolina, it was fifteen millions of bushels; yet our citizens are paying twenty dollars a bushel for grist. -Colum- bio Carolinian. : peCUUllV SUT- Ar'a r,flW under ini:ir1- hnt BAm nrr a nA ",. J . . " J ' ul ",ut' """p nirua. omcers in tins : .d as if they were iu the best luck and with the ! . Vi ? t , T ' , lw" , ur " "r protest against any J. E. B. 1 nrnsnecri in the woi Id.-Richm vnd Eunui. ' f as .'r1.11"' 1 thank for 5"our cant3or' ' uttor,"S such language in this hall. . .'7 I " r- ? tr-J I 'I ha I'm ,tnr. Vco onH ha t ,11 V T - . IST54. ' . , i . -ine Uoionel Mr, you are entirely welcome to j Mr Harris You mean you are afraid of it. I -o- ll- - t,nes ot "orcicr, irom the liepublican side.l Cut up li ! 8fThe crop of corn in Georgia last year, as we The colonel then retired under guard, and was ! Mr Washburne objected to the trentlaman from ! FOHEIGN ITEMS. I FRANCE AND ' THE CONFEDERACY- -Rebel Freneh i Iron-Ulods builtUva ' France The i papers publish an article. froothe ."Opinion r tionaie, ei rans, ;uini uia. ocu- ments, and proves tliat the French Goveronient is quietly conamng-at the tfforts of the rebel agents to have iron-clad war vessels built in France for the rebel service. From recitations of the "(Jpin- ' iou," it appears that firms at Nantef and Ijordeaux ; nave Deen ior moutus m uuuuu.g nai ; f-els. ostensibly for China, but really for the rebels. poleon ill. seems willing to have built at French ports in spite of hs reiterated desire to maintain a strict neutrality. The Paris correspondent of the New York '.'Times" says that one of the vessels built at Bor deaux for the rebels has been launched, and an English vessel was lying there with equipments. From the Liverpool Post. Famine at the Cape De Verdes Fearful state b the inhabitants - A few days ago we pub lished accounts of the sad condition . of the inhabi tants of the Cape de Verdes, and the latest accounts j received in Liverpool yesterday, verify but too sad- ly the expectations which were then predicred.-- The islands were fast'-1 becoming depopulated, in consequence of the recent drouth. As an instance, the condition of Brava and St. Thia'ga was truly fearful and desperate.' The population of the two islands amounts to about 70,0C0, and for this pop ulation there were, when the idvices left Thiaga, only sixty bags of rice But in the island of Brava the cose was even worse there was no rice to be had The effects of the fearthful drouth had over whelmed both man and beast, and those who were living were subsisting on the bark of the bana tree, and the flesh of animals, whitb, in this coun try, are considered as vermin. Although rain had fallen, the seed sown in the earth were too much parched to sprout; aod although the pastures were becoming green, there were no cattle to feed on them all had died for want of food and water. EFFECTS OF THE WAR IN the NORTH The New York Daily Times urges an end to be put to the war. Speaking of it, it siys that it is a "war of " conquest and extermination," and that "its advocates recajl and shame the days of the Huns and Visigoths." The Times gives the fol lowing picture of the state of affairs it has produc ed in the North: "The Administration is pe'rpctuiUy exercising military and forcible control over the ballot-box, not only in the border States, but In those most remote from the scene of conflict. Here, in New York, a major-eneral of the United Slates over rides, with "military necessity," thefucctions of the Governor of New York and the laws and wght3 of the State and its chief murricipal'ty. Every day 's telegraph brings us tidings of s- ino outrage committed by the returned soldiery, for opinion's sake, upon peaceful private citizens---some politi cal meeting dispersed--some Democratic press de stroyed. The financial excesses of the Administra tion are piling up. day after day, mountains of in debtedness, which, sooner, or later, must topple over and erush us. There is rot an acre of land in the whole North not a wartrtfiSso, a dwelling, a factory which Mr Chase is not covering every week, with new mortgages, each heavier than the last! Meanwhile, the cost of the commonest ne- J claries of life is becoming frightful to the poor; i and the enormous superabundance of paper money i is stimulating extravagance and speculation to the , maddest recklessness ; every element of demorali- zation is at work to corrupt the people; public vir : tuc appears to have sold itself, and private integri ty, and even chastity, arc besieged by the most tempting and unprecedented allurements. The whole people, in fine, appear" to have joined hands in an infamous saturnalia of blood and moral or physical debauchery. The very capital of the Re public has become but a gigantic brothel, where k-wd and desperate women scarcely rival, in their shameless way, the moral prostitution of the Legis lative and Executive Chambers ! Is this exaggeration Let the reader who thinks so spend but a week in Washington, or explore New York for but a day. The Hoo Cholera. A prominent and influ ential citizen informs the Montgomery Advertiser that for a long time his porkers have suffered from this very common complaint. He tried various remedies, but without effect, until the idea sugges ted itself that bleeding might have a tendency. to check the disease. With this view be bled his pigs in the roof of the mouth, and with the most beneficial results, having lost lut two pigs out of his large steck, since be commenced this mode of checking the disease. We hope that our friends in the countiy who have diseased swine will try the experiment, and by this simple remedy, save their bacon. ' The Farmers Friend say s hundreds of hogs have died in within a few months, of a diseaso that has baffled the skill of the best swine doctors. A remedy has been discovered, however. A gentle man informs us that if planters wilt boil their corn in a strong tea made of green pine tops, and feed the same to their hogs, it will effect a soecdy cure. Try it. . . The BeasT. The Richmond correspondent of the Memphis Appeal, relates the following: "Apropos of the Beast, the following incident : ;)arpeigat Fortress Monroe last weekis authen- 1 tjc. One of the returned prisoners, a Colonel of ! the Confederate Army, on his way from Point Lookout to Richmond, was ushered into the pre at Castle eence of Butler, who 9aid he desired to rut some , answers would not afrfct. in the least, the Colo- I Bel's status as a prisoner of war, oneway or the other; I he Colonel desired him to proceed. The following dialogue ensued between the two: Beast Butler If, in the accidents of war, I should fall a prisoner into your hands, what would you do with me? The Colonel I should execute you on the spot. Beist Butler Is this purpose generally euter- shortly afterwards waited upon by an aid-de-camp of Jiutler, with an invitation to dine at headquar- ters The Colonel had not eaten what could be called a dinner for eight months, but he promptly declined. minion Liv rrif r.rni-rra fit vnnr nrm-f i .. r..i.-, 4 r. i EXCITEMENT IN THE YANKEE CON . GRESS. Alntuccestful attempt to expel members for favor ing a recognition of the Confederacy. In the House of -Representatives at; Washing ton, on the 9th in9t,,the speaker (Mr.Uolfax) call ed .Mr Rollins, of Nemr Hampshire, to the chair; and, rising to a question of privilege, offered a reso lution to expel Hon. Alexander Long, of Ohio, on the ground that he. had declared himself "in favor of recognizing the independence of the so-called Confederacy, now in arms against the Union." . Mr Colfax submitted a few remarks in support ' of the resolution, and was followed by Mr Cox, of Ohio, in a speech of some length : Mr Cox, in his opening remarks, said he was not in the House when bis colleague made bis epeech, but he was informed by members around him that they would bear the interpretation put upon them. Had be been In his seat yesterday, with all due respect to This colleague, he should have disavowed, in behalf of the Ohio delegation, any remarks looking to the recognition of thc re bellion as crystalized at Richmond. Ho did not know a single member of that delegation, excep tintr his colleague (Mr Long) who was willing to recognize the Confederate Government. He spoke" of this because of the attempt to make partisan capital. He believed that his colleague at the time spoke only his own sentiments, and. not those of his party. Recently there was a Democratic Conven tion in Ohio, representing one hundred and. forty five thousand voters, and in that Convention no sentiment like that of his colleague was uttered. Tbo Democratic people in that State rallied and sent their friends and brothers to the war, although they did not ajree to the African policy. During the debate which followed, Mr Miller, of Pa., protested against the lecture on patriotism ' from his colleague (Mr Kelly,) who stands on the i record as having uttered a deliberate falsehood. He was not the man to talk about perjury and fidel ity to the Union. 3Ir 3, C. Allen, of Illinois, knew no parallel case to this, of moving to expel a member for words uttered in debate. He had imagined that unier the Constitution the Representatives on this floor had the right to express their opinions freely. He dissented from the opinion that we should re cognize the Southern Confederacy; but if that was the gentleman's honest conviction, he had the right to express it. If the gentleman from Ohio had been giving aid and comfort to the enemy, others in high places had been doing the same thing. The President had not only yiolated the spirit but the letter of the Constitution by his re peated acts of usurpation. Much as he hated the rebellion, he loved the Constitution, beeause it was designed to protecf all men in their liberties. Mr Harris, of Maryland, said he endorsed every r word that the gentleman from Ohio (Mr Long) had uttered, and would stand by them for weal or woe. You say the gentleman meant treason at the very moment jOff"say he was sincere and hon est. He was willing to go with his friend on that issue. Could not a man say, when a war 13 carried on to exterminate a people, that he would rather have peace thus saving lives on both sides, and the money of a ground down people, and especial ly when the sentiments came from distinguished men to back him. Not one of you can be compar ed witlrthe men the gentleman quoted yesterday, lie was a "peace man a radical peace man,. He was for recognizing the Southern Confederacy, and for acquiescing in the doctrine of secession. He had a hope, but it was not in this House. A tor nado would come arid sweep you from power, and give it to honest men, who have humanity and some regard for the principles of their fathers. War would never bring you a Union worth arcent. lie was for peace-and Union too Laughter. He was a better man than any of them. Renew ed laughter. If we cannot make peace let us have two splendid Governments two happy Gov ernments" lie was a slaveholder, and was still, if all his ; pbves had not beeu stolen from him. He looked on those who opposed slavery as madmen. He compassionated them. It it was a sin he was will ing to bear.it. The North had been deceived by sterieotyped falsehood.. When this war commenc ed Secretary Seward said it could, bo put down in sixty days. Instead of seventy-five thousand men ending it you have now called for a million of sol diers. A bral er set of men never existed on God's earth than exists in the South; and when you attempt to elevate the negro with the white man, you stir up strife. The Puritans saw noth ing in the Bible against slavery, and when they found slavery unprofitable, they sold their slaves to the South. Having taken their gold, their de scendants now turn round aud.attemptto dispos sess the South of the property. He had voted against men and money to carry on the war; he would not consent that our money should be spent by tyrant. Not a man or a dollar would he vote for this infernal tear. It was the most stupen dous fully that ever disgraced any people on the face of God's earth. It this be treason make the most of it. . It was the right cf a Commoner to say he would not entrust the means of carrying on the war to a King. -Who is the war power? The South ask you to leave them in peace; but no, you say you will bring them into subjection. That is not done yet, and God Almighty grant that it may never be. I hope you will never subjugate- the South. I ho . President has proved himself unfit to be trusted with the moneyed power. Mr Tracy, of Pennsylvania, rose to ask a ques tion, but Was loudly called to order by members on the opposite side. He desired to know wheth er, within these balls, the gentleman could invoke Almighty God that the American arms shall not prevail. , ' ., Mr Harris -Js that a poijpjt of order? 31 r Tracy again essayed to speak, and was called to order from the opposition side. Much confu sion prevailed. Mr Tracy, elevating his voice above the din asked whether it was in order-for treason to be utter, d within these halls. Renewed cries of Order''' aod "Sit down." Mr Wahburne, of Illinois, rose to a point of or der, and desired that the language of the gentie man.from Maryland be taken down at the Clerk's desk, in accordance with the rule. The objectionable sentence, as taken down and read, is as follows: "The South ask you to leave r them in peace; but no, you say you will brinir them into subjection. . i hat 13 not done yet, and God Almighty grant that it may never be. I hope you will never subjugate the South." Mr Harris, of Maryland, exclaimed: Is that all? Mr Pendleton raised a question of order when rr! O ) . . . 1 11 ine ofikKr pro iem. pronouncea iir II a iris ! Maryland proceeding with his remarks. J Mr Harris resumed bis seat, unanimous consent being requisite for him to continue his speech. Mr Fernando Wood said he would read to the House the exact language of the gentleman from Ohio (Mr Long), -which had not been properly stated. , ; . Mr Wash but ne Were yoti present yesterday? Mr Wood replied he was not, btit he held in his hand " the Identical manuscript. He thought it Vas doe to the gentleman, before, the Hcraso-.Toted on it that they should hear what the gentleman did say. The language is as follows: "I now be lieve that there are but two alternatives either an acknowledgment of the South as an independent nation, or their complete subjugation and exter mination as a people. Of these alternatives, I prefer the former." If, said Mr Wood, he is to be expelled for the utterance of these fentiments, you may include me for a concurrence in them. Mr Colfax stated what he understood Mr Long to say yesterday, . Mr Long said he had the manuscript now before him from which he read.' He prepared his speech four weeks ago. lie had not altered a word. Mr Colfax did not believe, alter the gentleman had so long deliberated, he had changed a word. In order that members should see the printed speech, which will appear in the Globe of Monday next Mr. Colfax suggested, and there was unani mous consent, that the consideration of the pen ding resolution should be postponed until Monday, at two o'clock. Mr Washburne then offered a resolution expell ing Mr Harris, the vote upon which resulted yeas 81, nays 58. There not being the required two-third vote, the resolution was declared rejected. Mr Schenck then offered a resolution declaring Mr Harris "an unworthy member of this House and is hereby severf ly censured." This resolution was adopted yeas 92, nays, 18. The House soon after adjourned. Subsequently, the resolution to expel Mr Long was rejected by a vote of 80 to 70. The Employment of Free Negroes and Slaves in the Army. At the last, session of Congress a law was passed to obviate the deficiency of the army by the employment of free negroes and" slaves in ceriain capacities. This important law has almost escaped publio notice, especially as it has remained for a considerable time unexecuted. We hear, however, that the conscription officers have recently been instructed to carry out the law. The law requires that all male free negroes and other free persons of color, not including those who are free under the treaty of Paris of 1803, or under the treaty of Spain of 1819, resident in the Con federate States, between the ages of eighteen and fifty years, shall be held liable o perform such du ties with the army, or in connection with the mili tary defences of the country, in the way of work upon fortifications or in the government works for the production or preparation of materials of war, or in military hospitals, as the Secretary of War or the commanding General of the Trans-Mississippi department may, fronj time'to time prescribe. Under the same act of Congrest, the Secretary of War is authorized to employ or, if necessary, to impress twenty thousand slaves for duties similar to those to which we have thus referred. The conditions as prescribed by recent -general orders, under which this impressment of slaves is to be made are, chiefly as follows: l6t. That slaves shall not be impressed when the services of free negroes can be obtained. 2d. Slaves under the ago of eighteen and above the age of fifty arc exempt. 3d. The hire for slaves impressed shall be according to the rates fixed, by the appraisers under the act to regulate impressments. 4th. The limitation as to the term for 'which slates shall bo impressed for service shall be for twelve months instead of the terms-fixed by said orders, if the exi gency shall require it. Richmond Whig. TAX NOTICE. All persons in the Towu Beat liable to pay a tax to the State and County, are hereby nolified'that a list of their taxables must be returned by the last of April, 1864, or they will be liable to a double tax Call at the Itock Island Office, on - J. M. SPRINGS, M. L. WRISTOX, April 4, 18C4 List-Takers . Committed to the Jail Of Mecklenburg county, on the 18tb of March, a ne gro man who says his name is WILLIAM, and belongs to Mrs. Jane Wilson of Fairfield District, S. C. Said negro is about 21 years old, 5 feet 10 inches high, and will weigh probably 150 pound?, rather copper color. Thi owner is hereby notified to. come forward, prove property, pay charges and takf him away", or ho will be dealt with as the law directs. April 4, 1864. R. M. WHITE, Shff. STRAYED From my Pasture near Wilson Wallace's, about the 1st of Nov. last, a red COW which 1 bought at anc tipn, formerly owned by Win. Tnsjy Alexander. Also, at the same time and place, a spotted HEIFER, of the brindle order. She was sold at auction by Mr Morri son of Pioneer Mills. I will pay a liberal reward for their delivery to me or for information so that I can get them. . W. A. COOK. Feb 18, 1864 . tf . " IVOTIC 15 . TO CONTRACTORS AND .SAWYERS. Office of C. S. Naval Orduance Works, Charlotte, N. C, April, 1864. Proposals will be received at this Office during the presect mouth, for furnishing the following kinds of Lumber required at this establishment fe'ue of bills regulated to suit contractors viz: Yellow Pine, Black Walnut, Hickory, White Oak, Poplar, Ash. II. ASHTON RAMSAY, Chief Eng. C. S. Navy in charge. - April 11, 1864 6t ISUIH'BOTII FUR IV AC 13. LINCOLN COUNTY, N. C , THREE MILES EAST OF IRON P. O. The proprietors announce to the public lhat ibis Furnace is in full blast, and will make casting of nil kinds to order, sale. March 1. 1864 Also, Pig Iron is made and offered for SHIPP 3ra-pd. k IlEINHARUT. TAKO UP And committed to the Jail of Mecklenburg county, on the 29th of February last, a negro woman who cays her name is LUCY and belong! to Nick Davis of Rich mond. Said negro is about 25 years old, very black, and rather under medium size. She says that the was persuaded off from Richmond by a man who gave his name as Robinson. She wjis arrested on the cars on the N. C. Railroad near Charlotte, N. C. The owner is hereby notified to come forward, prove property, pay charges, and take her away, or she will be dealt with as the law directs. It. M. WHITE, Sheriff. March 15, 1864 tf State of North Carolina, Lincoln Co. In Equity to Spring Term, 1864. David Kincaid vs. J Lowe and wife Nancy, and others. ft appeajing to the satisfaction of the Clerk and Mter of Lincoln county that Susan Lote, Katy Line- bargor and Jas Linebarger and wife Ibby, defendants in this suit, are non-residents of the State of North Carolina: It is therefore ordered that publication be made in the Western Democrat for six weeks, lit saTd non-residents appear at the next Court of Lquiiy So be held for the county of Lincoln at the'Court House in Lincolnton, on the 5th Monday after the 4th Monday in March, then and there to plead, answer or demur to Complainants' said Bill of complaint, or judgment fro confeso will be taken against them. Done at my office in Lincolnton, on this day the 18th of March, A. D. 1864. W. J. HOKE, C. & M. E. March 21 6t By V. A. McBeb, Dep'ty Clerk. SCHEDULE OF PRICKS FOR NORTH CAROLINA. We, the undersigned Commissioners of AppraUomfr.t for the Stat of North Carolina, do hereby declare tl, following: to be the uniform prices for property i. pressed for the use of the government for the neit two months,' subject to alteration, should circumluncts meanwhile, occur to make it advisable : ' Apples, dried good, peeled, per bush, 28 lbs, J unpeeled, " " S 00 3 So 12 &o 12 00 3 :s 2 2S 2 Ou 1 00 10 00 20 00 25 00 CO 8i 0 1 U0 2 2& 3 25 9 00 Axes, (t . Bacon, . i it ii Beans, with bundles, each, without handles, each, sides, per pound, hams, per pound, shoulders, per pound, jowles, per pouad, white or cornfield, per bush. 60 lbs, Brandy, apple, per gallon, " peach, per gallon, Beef, fresh, net, per pound, salted, per pound, " " " corned, per pound, Brown stuff, good, per bash, 28 poaads, Candles, tallow, per pound, w- adamantine, per pound, Chains, trace, per pair, Cloth, woolen, for soldiers clothes, jt wide, 10 oz. to yard, and fro rata as to great er or less weight or width, per yard, 6 00 1 SO 4 So 6 00 6 00 6 00 80 Cotton, Coffee, Corn, raw, per pound, Rio, per pound, unshelled, per busb, of 70 pounds, shelled, sacks not included, per bash, 66 pounds, Corn meal, sacks not 'ncluded, per bosh, 60 lbs, Drills, cotton, I yd wide, 3 yds to lb, per yard Flour, extra family, per barrel or 186 lbs, extra fan-ilj. per sack of 9a lbs, superfine, per bbl of 196 lbs, per sack of 98 lbs, flue, per bbl. of 196 lbs, fine, per sack of 98 lbs, baled, per 1C0 pounds, unbalcd, per 100 lbs, wool, each, baled, per 10C pounds, unbaled, per 100 lbs, dry, per pound,, green, per pouud, 60 00 30 1)0 65 CO 25 00 SO 00 25 00 4 00 3 SO 5 00 r. oo 4 CO 3 !5 1 75 70C 00 SOO' 60 110 00 COO 00 coo ou COO 00 i ii i i it Fodder, ii Hats, Hay, ii Hides, Horses, artillery, 1st class, per head, ii " 2d class, per head, extra, per head, pig. per ton of 2,000 lbs, .square or round, per ton, hoop, per ton of 2,000 lbs, flat or band, per ton of 2,000 lbs, ii Iron, i . ii ii i boiler plate, per ton cf 2,000 lb, 600 00 serviceable railroad, pr ton of 2,240 lbs 400 00 castings, per pound, 15 Jeans, wool, domestic, per yard, Kettles, camp, iron, per lb, Lumber, good, per 1,000 feet, Lard, clean, per pound, Leather, sole, per pound, , " npper, per pound, " harness, per pound, Molasses, cane, per gallon, 6 00 15 60 00 2 25 6 00 7 01 7 00 10 00 5 00 700 00 500 00 400 00 75 00 4 00 4 SO 4 00 1 00 1 30 8 00 10 00 6 On 5 00 8 50 sorghum, per gallon, 1st class, per head, 2d class, per head, 3d class, per head, Mules, ii i ii. extra, per head, per keg, sheaf, unbaled, ptr 100 lbs, sheaf, baled, per 100 lbs, Nails, Oats, ii " shelled, per bushel, Osnaburgs, cotton, J yd wide, 7 oz ta yd, pryd, ' cotton, i yd wide, 8 o'r. to yd, per yard, Onions, frr bushel, Peas, cow, per bush of 60 lbf Potatoes, Irish, per bushel of 60 lbs, ' sweet, per bushel of 60 lbs, Peaches, dried, peeled, per bush of 38 lh., " unpeeled, per bush of 38 lbs, Pork, fresh, nett, per pound, ' ' salted, per pound, Quinine, good, per ounce, Kicc, new, per pound, ' old, per pound, Iy. good, per bushel of 53 lb., ' Sacks, two bushel, osnaburgs, each Shirting, cotton, 3 yd wide, 4 J yds to lb, per yd, cotton, J yd wide, 3j yd to lb, pory'I, Cotton stripes, 3 yards to lb, per yard, Snlt, Coast, per bush of SO lbs, ' Liverpool, per bushel of 50 lbs, Vircrinia nor lmthnl nf f0 IIjO. 00 60 00 5C 25 20 00 00 30 10 75 00 00 6 2 1 1 1 15 30 ; Steel ; shors i r . - - i cast, per pound, 20 00 4 00 15 ('0 10 00 1 50 25 00 2 00 40 25 army, per pair. Shoe Thread, riax, per pound, Socks, soldiers' wool, per pair, Sheep, fat, per head, Sugar, brown, common, per pound, Soap, hard, per pound, - soft, per pound, Shucks, baled, per 100 pounds Shorts, good, per bushel of 22 lbs, Ship Stuff, good, per butbel oi 37 lbs, Tea, black, per pound, green, per lb Tent Cloth, cotton, 10 oz to yd, per yard, Tobacco No 1, extra, per pouud, ' No 2, per .pound, Tobacco Lugs, per pound, Tallow, clean, per pound, Vinegar, cider, per gallon, manufactured, per gallon, Whiskey, good, per gallon, 4 I 1 3 8 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 26 50 00 75 00 00 30 00 75 25 60 60 25 00 Wheat, first rate white, per bush of co jhs, 10 00 8 50 8 00 1 60 1 00 6 00 5 00 350 00 375 00 250 00 275 03 70 10 00 ii fair, per bush of CO lbs, ordinary, per bush of 60 pounds, ii Wheat Straw, baled, per 100 lbs, ' ' unbaled, per 100 lbs, Wool, washed, per pound, unwashed, per pound, Wagons, wood axle, 4 horse, new, each, iron axle, 4 horse, new, each wood axle, 2 horse, new. each Iron axle, 2 horse, new, each Wheat Bran, per bushel of 17 pounds, Yarn, cotton, per bunch 5 lbs, BIBK or LABOR, TEAMS, WAOOKS AND IIOBSKS Baling long forage, per hundred pounds, Shelling and bagging corn, sacks furnished by government, per bushel, Hire of tw o horse teams, wagon and driver, ra tions furuished by owner, per day, Hire of two horse teams, wagon and driver, ra tions furnibed by government, per day, Hire of four horse teams, wngon and driver, ra tions furnished by owner, per day, Hire of four horse teams, wpgon and driver, ra tions furnished by government, rer day, Hire of six horse teams, wagon and driver, ra tions furnished by the owner, per day, Hire of eix horse teams, wagon and driver, ra tions furnished by government, per day, Hire of laborer, rations furnished by owner, per day, Hire of laborer, rations furhisbek by govern ment, per day, Hire of laborer, rations furnished by owner, per month, Hire of laborer, rations furnished by govern ment, per month, Hire of horses, per day, 60 25 12 00 8 00 22 50 16 00 25 00 18 09 3 00 1 75 75 00 45 00 I 60 For the information of all persons concerned, we publish the fullo-wing Instructions, witL the 1P tB they will be strictly Obeyed : 1 No officer, or agent, shall laiprcss the necessary supplies which any person may b tor Ibe consump tion of himself, bis family, tmployrt: slaves, or to car ry on his ordinary mechanical, manufacturing or agri cultural employments." (Siirnedi "'"""'i If. K. R. V. BLACKSTOCK. Corn's. Appraisement for State of N. C. Raleigh, April 18, 1864 2t TAX IIY KIIVD. ,,",C1? , 8" RV ' Charlotte, J. L., April 13, 1864. It as hereby ordered that all the Tithe of the year J 1863, of Corn and Bacon, be delivered brfore the 1st of June, 18G4. Agents will receive nothing after 31st ; Mav, 18C4. Assessors will much cblige me, besides doing good service to the country, by sending in to this office all estimate of Tax in Kind, by the 1st day of May nejU; sooner if possible. Agents will give publicity to this notice, so that no one, vbould he incor the penalty cf live times the estimated value, according to late laws of Congress, can bare room to complain. S. M. FINGER, Capt. A P. Q. M., 8th Dist N. C. . April 1, 18$4. "t P I!