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What North Carolina has expended for
Internal Improvements. Important Letter from Hie State, Treasurer. Dr. J. M. Worth, the Public Treasurer of North Carolina, wrote the following letter to Gov. Jarvis in regard to the proposition to sell the Western N. C. Railroad, and giving bis reasons for favoring the sale. As it furnishes much information about the State's expenditures for Internal Improvements, (a great deal of which is unknown to nine-tenths of the people of the State,) we commena 11 w uie careful attention of every reader : .TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Raleigh, N. U., Feb. 21st, 1830. f To His Excellency, Tlvmas J. Jartis, Governor : Sir : I favor and advise the convening of the General Assembly in extra session, for the purptse of considering a proposition for the purchase of the Bute's interest in the Western North Carolina Rail road, and for the completion of the Road, m;ide by William J. Best and others, and such other propo sitions cs may be made for the same purpose, and submit briefly some reasons therefor. The State has engaged in Railroad, Navigation, and other enterprises, almost from their beginning, either by becoming a Stockholder, or otherwise lending its aid. Such a policy has been disastrous, and the failure to receive returns from the States investments is just such a3 other States have expe rienced in like enterprises. The following exhibit i3 sufficient, without ex tended comment, to show the results of our invest ments: WlLMINOTOJT AND WeLDON RAILROAD COMPANY. Amount of stock in this Company, held by the Stale Board of Education, and for many years a part of the School fund of the State, was $400,000. It was sold by the Board in 18G9 for $149,000, and invested in special tax bonds which are worthless. Lost. Wilmington and Manchester Railroad Com l'ANY. Amount of stock held by Board of Educa tion $200,000. Sold by the Board in 1800, for $10,000, aud invested in special tax bonds Lost. Roanoke Navigation Company. Since 1832 the State has been a Stockholder in this Company to the amount of $o0,000, (increased from a pre vious investment) and for many years the stock has been almost entirely unremunerative. An Act was passed March 18, 1875, directing the dissolution of the Company. The interest of the State was sold under execution and brought less than fifty dollars. Fayettkville and Western Plank Road Company. The State subscribed to the stock of this Company in the year 1849, to the amount of $120,000, and issued bonds for its payment. Divi dends were received by the State for a few years, but were much less than the interest paid by the State on its bonds. The Road has gone down and the State's interest is absolutely worthless. This remark applies to the Payettevilleand Centre Plank Road and Fayetteville and Warsaw Plank Road, which the State aided by the issue of bonds in pay ment of stock, authorized by Acts of 1301-'5.j, the former $50,000, the latter $10,000. J Neuse and Tar Rivers Under Act of January 27th, 1849, $G5,000 of bonds were appropriated for improving the navigation of these Rivers, and a similar appropriation of $15,000 under Act of Feb ruary 14th, 1805, was made for Tar River, all of which is absolutely worthless. Cape Fear Navigation Company. Stock, $32, 500 ; sold by Board of Education in 1809, for $3,250. Money paid into the Treasur. Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad Company. The State contracted a liability, on ac count of this Company, by issuing bonds in pay ment of stock and loan, to the amount of $1,466,500. Nothing has ever been received from this invest ment. The private stock in the Company is now selling, as I am informed, for less than five cents in the dollar. Albemarle & Chesapeake Canal Company. Under the Act of 1850 the State became a Stock holder in this Company to the extent of $250,000, paid in bonds. This liability has been reduced by the return to the State of $100,000 of old bonds, in exchange for a like amount of stock surrendered under Act of 1879. No money derived from the investment. Western Railroad Company (from Fayette ville). Original liability on account of this Com pany, incurred in 1858 and I860, was $600,000. Nothing has been received from this investment. Nearly two hundred shares of this stock have re cently been sold for two dollars and fifty cents per share. Cape Fear and Deep River Navigation Com pany. The State assumed the bonds of the Com pany and issued its own bonds, under Acts of 1854 and 1858, to the amount of $400,000, in aid of this Company. Entirely lost to the State. Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherford Railroad Company. The State exchanged bonds with this Company to the amount of $2,000,000, under Act of 1858, but has received no income from it, and lost all claim to the stock or property of the Road. New River Navigation Company. By Act of February 14th, 1855, the State subscribed $20,000 to the capital stuck of this Company, which is a total loss. 1 North Carolina Railroad Company. The outstanding liability on account of this Company is principal, $2,795,000 (originally $3,000,000) and past due interest over $500,000. What the fate of this stock will be is an open question. Amount of stock $3,000,000. But few dividends have been paid into the Treasury. Western North Carolina Railroad Com pany. Original appropriation of bonds under Act of 1854-'55, $4,000,000. Of this amount $957,000 have been retired in exchanges with other Compa nies for stocks or bonds since the war, under au thority of law, leaving amount of bonds outstand ing $3,043,000. All lost. Tit is not necessary to state in detail the recent liabilities and expenses in curred by the State on account of this Road, amount ing to $1,300,000, as full information concerning them has already been given J Raleigh and Gaston Railroad Company The stock of the State in this Company was $682, 500, and sold in the year 18G6, under ordinance of Convention of 18G5, for a like amouut of State bonds, at their then depreciated value. No mention is made of Turnpikes and other Roads aided by the State in cash appropriations, amounting in the aggregate to at least $50,000, and which have become worthless. The aggregate of the liabilities and investments as stated, is $13,496,500, to which it is proper to add the interest on the bonds endorsed or issued by the State, paid in cash to the first year of the war, $2,200,000, making the total cost in connection with these investments $15,096,500. I make no mention of bonds issued or stock acquired under ordinances of the Convention of lSGS.or Acts of 1868 and 1869, as they are not recognized in the compromise of the State debt. The dividends received by the State from its in vestments have been far less than the interest paid by the State on its bonds. The above exhibit ought, I think, to satisfy every citizen of the State that it is best for the State to make no further investment in any internal improve ments, and I strengthen my advice to you, by urg ing that the General Assembly be convened for the purpose of selling the Western North Carolina Rail road, and, as soon as possible, sell all the interest the State has in all other corporations. I am surprised to hear, as a serious objection to selling this Road, that it is to pass into the hands of foreigners, when it is well known that a large part of our Roads now belongs to foreigners, and that nearly all of the three million of bonds out standing against the North Carolina Railroad are held by non-residents of the State, with a lien that virtually makes them the owners of the Road. I have yet to learn that it makes any difference who builds a Railroad to make it useful to the country, whether citizens of the State or non-residents. The State can enforce any law against foreigners as well as our own citizens. It is due to MrD.W.Bain. Chief Clerk, to say that the above statistics and data were furnished by him at my request, and are the result of his ex amination of the records here; and his long service in this Department and familiarity with its details, are sufficient evidence cf their correctness. Very respectfully, J. M. WORTH. 7&he N. C. Supreme Court Decisions. Reported for Ilale's Weekly by W. P. Batchelor. X. C. Railroad Co. and another vs. the Commissioners of Alamance county et. al. Application for an injunction to restrain the defendants from assessing and levying taxes on plaintiffs' property as provided in the Act of March 13, 1879. The substance of the enactment aud its proposed object iiro to have the taxable property ot the plaintiff companies re-assessed for series of years 18C9-7C and the taxes thereon which ought to have been levied and collected under the laws applicable thereto, now levied and collected, deducting what may already have been pud under the illegal and erroneous assessment of the State board. The defendants were engaged in the execution of the provisions of the law when the restraining order issued and fur ther proceeding suspended. The question presented is this: Is the enactment so pal pably unconstitutional as to call for inter ference at this preliminary si age in arrest ing all acion in the enforcement of its di rections. An act though of doubtful con stitutionality wdl not be so declared upon a preliminary restraining order. When the taxes are levied, and a perpetual injunction aked for to forbid the collection the plain tiff's rights can be fully protected and the constitutional question presented. Ex parte evidence upon a preliminary hearing will not be passed upon by the Court ex cept so far as to prevent injury pending the litigation. The retrospective features of an Act are not fatal to its validity, when it does not impose new burdens or additional lia bilities but preserves and charges property which has escaped its share of the common burden. There is no leai impediment to the State's compelling the payment of taxes for back years, when they are ascertained in the mode prescribed by law. No statutory bar is interposed by delay in collecting taxes until the taxable proper ty is listed, valued and a definite per centum affixed thereto. It is no defence by way of estoppel to a legal assessment and claim of taxes, that taxes under an illegal and irregular assess ment had been paid. State vs. Craig, from New Hanover. A Justice of the Peace has jurisdiction of the misdemeanor of wilful refusal to work the public roads, under act 1873-'74, chap. 176, sec. 7, and acts of 1879, chap. 92. Irv in vs. Hughes, from Northampton. A judgment assigning a year's support to a widow imposes upon the administrator the duty of applying the assets when received in satisfaction thereof. Ilis failure to do so is a personal default for which he is lia ble. This obligation (assets having come to his hands) is transmitted at his death to his representative, and action may be main tained against him therefor. Giant vs. Hughes, from Northampton. A widow is not entitled to her year s sup port out of the personal property of her husband as against a creditor who obtained judgment and sued out execution which was tested a day before the husband's death. State vs. Blum, from Forsythe. Posses sion of stolen goods is 6ome evidence against the possessor of a taking by him, and is stronger or weaker in proportion to the period intervening between the stealing and the finding in the possession of the ac cused. The weight of such evidence is a question for the jury. Under all the cir cumstances of the case no error for the Court to reluse to instruct the jury that the evidence is insufficient to convict the accused. Pasour vs. Ithyne, from Gaston. Judg ment rendered at the May term, 1867, of the fcupenor Court, a ti. fa. issued from February term, 186S, was returned by the onerin levied on tne leal property oi de fendant. An alias fi. fa. waived the bene fit of the levy. After the C. C. P. went into operation the only lien of a judgment was from the time it was docketed. The defendant hav ing obtained his discharge in bankruptcy and five years having elapsed after the judgment was docketed and before the ap plication was made lor leave to issue execu tion, Held, That the lien of the iuderrnent was lost by lapse of time, and the Clerk had no power to allow the execution to issue. State vs. Martin and others, from Ruther ford. The defendants' counsel challenged the array ol regular jurors as irregularly drawn. They were drawn from box No. 1 by a boy under 10 years of age. The Com missioners thinking that too many were drawn from one end of the county put some ot the names back and had others drawn in their stead. Held, That while the manipulation of the names of jurors is deprecated and con demned there was no error in the refusal of the Court to set aside the panel. Second, If there was error it was ground for plea in abatement on the arraignment and not for a motion to quash ; the defend ant having pleaded not guilty it was too late to make any objection to any irregu larity in drawing the iury. It is not error to charge the taking of several articles in tne same count, it being a continuing transaction; and the parties may be indicted lor the nnal carrying away and all who concur are guilty though not privy to the first or intermediate acts. It is sufficient to describe the articles stolen as one hat, one pair pants. fcc. A count for receiving stolen goods is not detective lor not stating from whom they were received. Miller vs. Frazer, from Davidson. Peti tion for sale ot slaves for division among tenants in common. Sale ordered and made and reported to August term, 1863, of the County Court. There was no confirmation of the sale by the Court. Held, That no title to the slave passed and the purchaser for that reason could not be compelled to pay the price bid. That a Court of Equity never compels the pur chaser at a judicial sale to complete the purchase by paying the price it it appears that a good title cannot be made. Held, further, That he was liable for the (BhavloUe cmdcrd, HctvIoUe, 'aSLCS. hire ot the slave from the day of purchase to the day of emancipation. m Meroney V9. Mclntyre, (rum Rowan. I Three Issues were submitted to the" jury. It being agreed that they might deliver their verdict to the Clerk they returned their verdict to him and were discharged. Af ter some conversation between the Attor ney of the plaintiff and one of the jurors they were reassembled to consider their verdict, and returned a second verdict to the Clerk, in which the finding on one of the issues was changed. Defendant moved that the verdict be set aside and for a new trial. The Court refused a new trial as to two of the issues, allowed the verdict as to them to stand, but set aside the verdict as to the other issue which had been changed and granted a new triil a to that. Held, That this was error, that where the jury omit to find a matter material to the decision a new trial must be granted in toto, but where all material issues are found cor rectly, and the error do 8 not touch the merits, the Court miy award a writ of in quiry, or a restricted new trial to correct the error. Here the issue on which the verdict was changed went to the very mer its of the action, and therefore a new trial should have been granted as to all the issues. Jenkins vs. Jenkins, from Yadkin. Peti tion for dower. Plaintiff married Francis Jenkins before 1S67, he then owning the land in which dower is claimed. After the marriage lie conveyed it by deed in fee with joinder of the wife to the defendants. Held, That the plaintiff was not entitled to dower. State vs. Bryson, from Gaston. Indict ment charges defendant with disturbing a religious congregation assembled lor and actually engaged in divine worship. It was proved that the people had not assem bled in the house, some being in and others outside, and that divine service had not commenced when the acts complained of were done. Held, The charge was not sus tained by the proof. If the charge had been disturbing a con gregation assembled for divine worship, still the facts would not have sustained the charge as they show that the congregation was not gathered together, but was in the process ot eoming together in the house where divine worship was to be engaged in. Melvin and Melvin, Administrators, vs. Stephens, Administrator, from Bladen. The ground of plaintiffs is a decree alleged to have been made at Spring Term, 1857, of Bladen Court of Equity. Defendant de nies that any decree was made at Spring Term, 1857, but admits that one was made at Spring Term, 1S56, and alleged that it was paid. On the proofs the Judge below found in iavor of defendants on the question of the time the decree was made. From this finding there was no appeal. Plaintiff asked leave of Court to amend complaint, refused. Held, that there was no error in refusing, as an amendment could not aid plaintiffs. On the question of payment defendants offered receipts dated in 1856. Plaintiffs objected to the admission of these receipts. Held, That they are relevant, fit and pro per evidence to be considered by the jury on the question of payment. The Court charged the jury that if the decree was made in 1857, yet if the payment was made under an agreement that they were to be credited on the decree when rendered, such payments would operate as a satisfaction and discharge of the decree. Held not to be error. Congressional Items, &c. This week promises to produce better fruit in the way of legislation than any since the session began ; but experience has shown that such fair premises are seldom to be relied upon, because it requires so small an incident to turn the course of legis lation from practical business "to talking into the air," as Senator Conkling might express it. As soon as Senator Hoar de livers a speech on the Geneva award, Sena tor Randolph expects to call up the bill to reinstate Fitz John Porter, upon which Randolph and Logan are to make speeches. From inquiries of many Democrats in both Houses, I am satisfied that there is a gen eral desire to let this matter rest until next Winter, both to save time for more im portant general business and to avoid the possibility of an unpleasant political debate. A Senator who thinks he speaks advisedly says the bill will be postponed until next December as soon as Randolph and Logan shall have delivered their speeches. But the possibilities for wide range of debate when the subject shall have once been opened are so tempting it may be doubted whether an immediate postponement can be effected. Under the Star Mail Service all of the Southern States have received for the last fiscal year $1,979,860, while ten Territories and Oregon and California received 2,494, 999. There were twelve Territorial routes alone which received $1,184,259, or nearly as much as all of the Southern States. The original pay for these was to have been $249,269, but increased pay was allowed to the amount of $934,990. It costs the Government something to bury Congressmen who die in harness. The expense for the last fiscal year was $13,366. The funeral ot the Hon. Gustave Schleicher of Texas, cost $5,102, of which $313 was expended for gloves and silk scarfs at $9 each, for the delegation. The cost of the Hon. A. S. Williams was $9, 449.60 ; of the Hon. T. J. Quinn, $452.15; of the Hon. Rush Clark, $2,604.45 ; of the Hon. B. B. Douglas, $1,041.63; of the Hon. Julian Hartridge of Georgia, $2,686.22. Besides all that, the printing of eulogies cost $20,000. The Treasury Department statement shows a decrease of the public debt for February of $5,672,019.75; cash in the Treasury, $196,351,653.53; gold certificates, $109,082,600; silver, $9,369,920; certifi cates of deposit outstanding, $11,4S5,000; refunding certificates, $1,883,950; legal tenders outstanding, $346,681,016; frac tional currency outstanding, $15,631,311. OS. i 1 1 The National Republican Conven tion meets on the 2d of June at Chicago, and the National Democratic Convention at Cincinnati on the 22d of the same month. Receipts of Cotton, Trade, &c. Condensed from the N. Y. Financial Chronicle. The receipts of cotton last week up to Saturday, Feb. 28th, were 102,995 bales ; since Sept. 1st, 4,201,820 bales, an increase over 1879 of 365,256 bales. The exports for the week were 106,569 bales, a decrease from 1879 of 11,764 bales. Since Sept. 1st the exports have been 2,460,471 bales, a de crease from 1879 of 29,854 bales. The stocks at the close of the week were 965,486 "bales, an increase over 1879 of 168, 5 SO bales. The visible supply of cotton was 2,630,6 14, bales; an increase over 1879 ol 28,520 bales, a decrease of 207,102 bales from 1878, and of 531,059 bales from 1877. Of this supply, 2,294,186 bales were Ameri can, against 2,252,344 bales in 1879, and 2,438,716 bales in 1878. Of this, 382,000 bales are at Liverpool, 103,000 on the con tinent, 510,728 afloat to Europe, and 1,2DS, 458 bales in the United States. The receipts at the 19 interior ports last week were 47,456 bales, a decrease from 1879 of 4,244 bales. Their stocks were 316, 972 bales, an increase of 146,534 bales. The receipts from plantations last week were 92,883 bales, against 98,239 in 1879, and 78,599 in 1878; since Sept. 1st, 4,511,491 bales, against 4,001,350 last year, and 3, 773,507 in 1878. There were slight show ers last week in almost all sections South, but parts of Texas are still badly needing rain. In the new York Cotton market last week the sales of futures , were 769,200 bales. Speculation was more active, but the course of values was extremely variable, reflecting some manipulation. In general business last week in New York there was a good trade, but specula tive confidence in the value of leading sta ple was considerably impaired. It is es pecially notable that an export demand for wheat has been freely met. Speculation for the advance has been checked on wheat, as it was recently in cotton, by the freedom with which regular holders have offered stocks. The New York dry goods trade was fair ly active the past week. Cotton goods were relatively quiet in first hands, and there was only a moderate demand for prints; but there was a satisfactory move ment in woolen goods, dress fabrics, lawns, ginghams, hosier', underwear, &c., and more animation was observed in foreign goods than at any time since the opening oi the season. There was a further im provement in the jobbing branches of the trade, and liberal sales of both stapel and department goods were made to Western and Southern retailers, who are operating more freely than for some years past in an ticipation of an unusually active Spring business. Prices of both domestic and for eign goods are very firmly maintained. The California Chinese Difficulty. It would undoubtedly have been far bet ter for California if John Chinaman had never set foot upon her shores. He is a pagan, and a very inveterate and vile one. In nearly every respect the Chinese are aliens to us, and to our usages, ideas and in stitutions. Scarcely any points of contact in sympathies, aims, motives or traditions exist between them and us. They consti tute an incongruous and disturbing element in our American community, and the in fluence of their presence amongst us is un wholesome. It is all very fine to say that the United States should welcome all comers from all lauds and gladly admit them to an equal participation in the benefits we our selves enjoy. There are limits, however, beyond which this good-natured doctrine of fraternity cannot be safely carried. In one sense of the word, all men have a joint origin and a common destiny. But nature and history have affixed wide differences between the various races of mankind that we should hesitate to disregard. The Mongolian is about as far removed as can well be conceived in all his traits and quali ties, physical, mental and moral, from the type to which we belong. His civilization, if it may be called such, his manners, his ethics, his habits of thought and nearly everything about him are altogether for eign to those of our branch of the human family. Unlike most other heathen races, the Chinese cannot apparently be brought into our modes of belief and action. The converts from amongst them to Christianity are but a lew scores. So far as their methods of thinking and ours are concerned there seems to be no common ground. The treaties by virtue of which the Chi nese are in the United States must be ob served so long as they remain in force, but it is a misfortune that the treaties ever existed. Here on the eastern slope of the continent the evil which has resulted from them is as yet hardly felt. On the Pacific coast, however, it has become an intolerable grievance. It is needless to enumerate the particular facts which make Chinese in California a most pestilent and discordant element of the body politic. Kearneyism, with its continual menace to law and order, reprehensible as it is and abanoned as is its great apostle, is a legitimate outgrowth of the antagonism to this degraded race, which has grown to so vast proportions within the last few years. The argument ol the Sand Lots is perhaps not very logical when measured by the strict rules of dialectics, but it is that of men of the same blood and lineage as ourselves, who see the bread snatched day after day by the almond-eyed aliens from the mouths of their wives and babes. A great deal has been said about protection to American labor. There is need for such protection in California against a competition which is far more ruinous than the "pauper labor of Europe" ever was or ever can be. The treaty with China should be abrogated, or at least so modified as to turn back the tide of immi gration the mischievous results of which have no adequate compensation in any com mercial advantages arising from it. Ral eigh JTeics. Mackerel, Potatoes, &c. 1 PACKAGES NEW MACKEREL IN UJ Half -Barrels and Kits, 100 Barrels Irish Potatoes, at low figures, A full Stock of fresh Family Groceries, Just received by A. R. NESBIT & BRO. . Feb. 13, 1880. I keep fine Pocket and Table Knives, Plated Spoons, Forks and Knives, from the best makers. WALTER BREM, Agent. The Democratic National Convention. 1 1 In regard to the indications of the select tion orCincinnati, Ohio, as the placedr holding the Democratic National Conven tion f.ir the nomination of a Democratic candidate for President, we copy the fol lowing opinions of three or four leading party papers : From the Washington i'ost, Democratic, j The selection ot Cincinnati -as-the- ptace where the next President and .Vice-President of the United States is to be- nomi nated by the representatives of the Demo cratic party is, all things considered, a wise and fortunate one. It is wise for the reason that it is neither in the interest of nor in an tagonism to the interests of any : of the prominently named aspirants, and fortunate on account of the associations and prestige attaching to the last Democratic; Presiden tial nomination at the same place. What ever good can be, predicatecLof so large and influential a gathering will be j properly husbanded at Cincinnati; an evenly divided city, in a very close State. The local feel ing, if not altogether neutral, is certainly not hostile to any of the probable candi dates, and it may therefore safely be as serted that whatever may be the outcome of the race the start will be a fair and even one. ' " From the Louisville Journal, Democrat It is our fixed opinion that, with a single exception, the Democratic party can elect no individual President of the . United, States this year but Mr Tildeiu' -That .sin gle exception is the candidate named by Mr Tilden. It is our fixed opinion that we cannot maintain a ticket in the field six weeks unless it be headed or heartily sup ported by Mr Tilden. We may further state, as within our positive knowledge, that Mr Tilden does not seek the nomina tion, but that he is casting about for some one who may lift the burdens of the can vass from his shoulder without sacrificing the party. If he succeeds in achieving the misfortune of finding one, the party will lose rather than gain by the transfer. On the whole the National Democratic. Com mittee has done its work very well. In June, at least, Cincinnati' is preferable to St. Louis. The Music Hall of Cincinnati is, in all points, superior to the Merchants' Exchange in St. Louis. ' The hotel accom modations of Cincinnati, like the town of Passag, are "both large and spacious." The 22d of June is a good date. And, added to these material details, comes the pleasant superstition that it was at Cin cinnati that the Democratic party made its last Presidential ticket four and twenty years ago when it nominated an old bache lor, in the person of James Buchanan, a very able, a very upright, and, like Mr Til den, a very much abused statesman. From the Cincinnati Enquirer, Democratic. It is not certain that the selection of Cin cinnati has any political significance as to candidates. It is almost certain that this city was selected as neutral ground. This was the claim which the Cincinnati com mittee presented; and this is the fact. Cincinnati was not chosen because the choice was meant to indicate a preference of the National Committee for one candi date for the Presidency above another, but because it wasn't. The assurance was given that all candidates would receive fair and just treatment in Cincinnati, and that promise will be made good. Ohio has a "favorite son," and with modest loyalty, to him the Ohio delegation will doubtless present his name and give him its support. Mr Thurman is not the choice of a majority of the Democrats of Ohio," so far as the En quirer interviews indicate, but he leads all the other candidates and he is clearly en titled to ; Ohio's support in the Cincinnati Convention. Setting aside this pardonable partiality, Cincinnati will give just and equal treatment to each of the Presidential candidates. From the Baltimore American, Republican. The selection of Cincinnati means that the democracy have determined to wage a vigorous compaign in Ohio next Fall, and there is not the slightest doubt that the second place on the ticket will be given to that State, whether Tilden is nominated or not. Ihis of course disposes of Hendricks Bince Mr Tilden has declared that he will not consent to his nomination for 'the first place. The Democrats in the many con- terences they have held with each other were impelled to this conclusion relative to Ohio because they have every reason to believe that Grant cannot , poll the heavy uerman liepublican vote ot the State. , . Tobacco. , The celebrated B. F. Gravely Tobacco will here- aiter oe Kept at ' ' ' DR. SMITH'S DRUG STORE. SCHIFF & GRIER, Grocers and Commission Merchants, Have one of the largest and best assorted Stocks of Staple and Fancy Groceries In the State. Close and prompt Trade especially invuea. They are Agents for the PLANTERS' FAVOR ITE and LONG'S PREPARED CHEMICALS, Fertilizers too well known to need further com mendation. Call for the book with testimonials from all sections. They are also Amenta for Sterling Baking Powder, One of the purest and best Chemists of national reputation recommend it, such as Prof. Doromus of Hew York, and others. Sample Package free. Try iu .a.uen uon oi .rnysicians canea vo it. iror sale by all leading Grocers. SCHIFF & GRIER. Charlotte, N. C, Dec. 24, 1879. FERTILIZERS. THE OLD AND RELIABLE Soluble Pacific Guano Compound Acid Phosphate, For sale by J. C. BUIUIOTGIIS. f Call and get prices and printed matter. Jan. 0, 1880 8m J. C. B. tMcKesson & Robbins' Gelatine Coated Quin ine Pills always in stock at DR. SMITH'S DRUG STORE. E2T A full line of New Remedies can be had at un. aaiiTii's DRUG STORE. Extension of the Virginia Midland Railroad. iThe Danville News says it is generali understood that; the proposed extension of sthe Virginia Midland Railroad, from Dan ville to Unarlotte, win oe at once com menced under favorable auspices. An en gineer will commence the work of survey ing the route, and as soon as this is accom plished, the work of construction will be commenced and rapidly pushed forward to completion. It is said that the capital ha 'Been secured, and the, section through which it will pass will not be called np0n for any" means to aid in the .building of the line, but that the Baltimore fc Ohio Road and the city of Baltimore together with the Air Line Road from Charlotte to Atlanta, will provide all the .means necessary for the work. And the Mooresville Gazette, a devoted and able friend of tbe Railroad connection between Win ston and Mooresville, says in its issue of the 27th ult - JjjVe are ablejto state. upon, perfectly re-' liable" authority ,that Mr Barbour of the Washington City and Virginia Midland and other highty responsible parties have concluded an agreement and (have de termined upon building a connection be tween Danville and the Charlotte and At lanta Air Line. Mr Barbour will inaugu. rate this enterprise by placing a corps of engineers in the field in a short time. The people along the line adopted will be ex pected to grade, and grade well, a broad gnage Road-bed, and they ought to be glad of the opportunity, i There is every reason, to expect that the line of the Winston,. Salem and Mooresville Railroad via Mocks ville will be adopted. The work from Mooresville to Mocksville is about half completed, and the people will probably be required at an early, day to give guaranties that this wbik shall be properly finished." ASIEL'S BOOT AND SHOE STORE, Next to Dr. McAderfa Drug Store on Tryon Street I am now receiving from the Northern markets a. splendid assortment or ; f .. . -. BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, TRUNKS, c, Wbicb I offer to the public at low hgures, consid ering the recent advance in Goods of all kinds. My Stock; consists of the" finest Shoes, .&c for Ladies and Misses, and also Boots and Shoes for Gentlemen and Youths. Give me a call next to Dr. McAden's Drug Store. Feb. 27, 1880.' ' :." L. ASIEL. E5j? Having connected myself with the above House, I am sure that my old friends and customers can be better suited and for less money than at any other house in the city. S. Frankentiial. "Nelson's Gelatine, fine Fla" voring Extracts and Spices at GARDEN SEEDS, New Crop, From the well known and reliable House of Rob ert Buist, Jr., Philadelphia. Call and get a supply at DR. BAliTirS DRUG STUUJfi. FRESH GARDEN SEEDS. 1880. 1880. BUIST'S Garden Seeds are known to be the best sold in any market. We have just received a large supply. WILSON & BUR WELL, Jan. 16, 1880. Druggist, GARDEN SEEDS. BUIST'S Garden Seeds, just received a full sup ply of all varieties. ALSO, a choice collection of VICKS' unrivalled Flower Seeds, at SCARR & CO'S DRUG STORE, Jan. 23,"1880. . V-! O . ' Near the Court House. Landreth's GARDEN SEEDS, Warrented Fresh and Genuine. We have a full stock of these celebrated Seeds which we offer to the trade, wholesale and retail. : ' 4 L. K. WRISTON & CO. Feb. 6, 1880. garden;. SEEDS, &c. Fresh Garden Seeds, a large assortment, just rt" ceived at Dr. J. H. McADEN'S Feb. 13, 1880. Drug Store, , GROCERIJIS. The Stock of 'Groceries 'and Family Supplied owned by myself as partner of -the late firm of Q. A. McLean & Co., and Jno. L. Hardin, having been consolidated, together with late purchases to coni- lete the assortment of jusl such goods as are usual y found in a first class store, are now offered to tbe Charlotte public at prices to suit tbe times. I have on hand 300. aacka of. Flour afad a first class assort ment of Coffees, Sugars and other Family Supplies. The friend's of J. L. Hardin will find him in charge of the Store, and at all times ready to wait on his old customers. CHAS. R. JONES, Jan. 9, 1880. Observer Building. We are .? Agents for THE VERY RELIABLE Pine Island Ammoniated Phosphate. tW We are also Agents for THE PERUVIAN GUANO ... , AND Bone Dust Fertilizer. Call for circulars and prices.. J. L. BROWN & CO. Jan. 30, 1880. ' 2m . FARMERS, READ ! I again offer you that tried and standard Fertilizer, THE PATAPSCO AMMONIATED SOLUBLE PHOSPHATE Grange Mixture. Years of experience with Mecklenburg Farmers Lave proven its adaptation to their soil and ther wants. There is none better and none cheaper id market. Call and gee me before buying. JOHN A. YOUG. Charlotte, Jan. 23, 1880 3m NOTICE TO AGRICULTURALISTS. Chemicals for Composting. Sulph. of Ammonia, Nitrate of Soda, Superphos phate of Lime, Land Plaster and Fine Ground Bone. 60,000 pounds of these Chemicals on hand at tbe lowest market price. L. R. WRISTON & CO. Feb. 13, 1880.