- flTPillfi qAAlH "HsKi& t" '&tilZkr r-JsLTs n .tewS?;1 ;-n s'Ssri
OLD SERIES : VOLUME
CHARLOTTE, -N." 0. IDAY,;Q0T6bER T, 1881
. VOLUME XI. NUMBE
i ii lis sie u x i t i i i r i i s i i i s t i t - ? r i . i i i r i j . i w i t i i i i . i t i ; ..: . : . -7 s- - , t 1 1 . . t 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 a . 1 s 1 1 1 11
X V ' f I A. Ill II m S A I 7 I 1 I t 1 1( 1J II fi II g tnm 1 I ft llE 31 4 ICllfiliI11ft. '' ''-.'' "lftI&ll llllElllllIlI ... f fc 111 Sill J
, ' ' - - t ' ' ' ' " . , , t . J f 1 " ' i.
. - ' . .... . . . r - . ' ' r ? r . 5
. ; THE
Charlotte Home and Democrat,
, Published evert Friday by
J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor. 5
,: ': o . .
Terms Two Dollars for one year. '
W m m
usB-jjoLLAR ior six months.
"Entered at th Post Office in Charlotte. N.
C, as second class matter," according to the
rules of tht P. O. Department.-
ROBERT GIBBON, II. D ;
CHARLOTTE. N. C.
(Office corner 5th and Tryon Street,) ;
Tenders his professional services to the public,
as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or
operate in all the different departments of Sur
gery. ' . . .
March 5, 1881.. ly-' -..- ' it
: Dr. JOHN H. Mc ADEN, ;
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Has on hand a large and well selected stock of
PURE DRUGS, Chemicals. Patent Medicines.
Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye
atuns, jrancy ana xouet Articles, winch be is de
termined to sell at the very lowest prices.
Jan 1, 1879. ...
- DR; T. C. SMITH,
" r x. tm
uruggisi ana rnarmacisi,
Keeps" a full line cf Pure Drugs and Chemicals.
White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners'
Oils. Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he
will sell at low prices.
March 28, 1879.
J. P. McCombs, M. D ,
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte ana surrounding country. . All calls,
botn mgut and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
me unanotte uotei.
Jan. 1, 1873.
DR. J. M. MILLER,
Charlotte, N C.
All calls promptly answered day and night.
Office over Traders' National Bank Residence
opposite W. R. Myers'.
Jan. 18, 1878.
DR. M. A. BLAND,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Oas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice Limited to the
EYE. EAR AND THROAT.
March 18, 1881.
A. BURWELL. P. D. WALKER.
BUR WELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts,
Office adjoining Court House.
Nov 5, 1880.
WILSON & BURWELL,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C,
Have a large and -complete Stock of everything
pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
Oct 7, 1880.
HALES & PARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of haadsomc Jewelry, and
Clocks, Bpectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c,
uone promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
July 1. 1879.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses,
SvruDS. Mackerel. Soans. Starch, Meat. Lard.
Hams, Flour, Grass 8eeds, Plows, &c, which we
offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All
are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 17, 1880.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c.,
College Street. Charlotte, N. C.
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market nrice.
Eg" Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission ana prompt returns made.
Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant.
Ia Bonders & BlacKWOOd'S Building,
North College St , Charlotte, N. C.
March 26, 1881.
H. W. HARRIS,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE. N. C.
Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo-
'Site court iiouse.
Sept 2, 1881. 3mpd
Charlotte Marble Works.
W. G. BERRYHILL,
Charlotte, N. C,
Dealer m MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE
STONES, and MARBLE-WORK
of every description.
Having just returned from the North, where I
'purchased a large assortment of fine Monuments,
Marble Slabs, and a good assortment of Stone in
my line, I am prepared to offer fair terms to suit
tbe times, to persons wading work m my line,
ana guarantee saiistacuon. l nave m my employ
iome of the best workmen to be found in the
(Southern States. W. G. BERRYHILL.
8ept. 16, 1881. 3mpd
Peas and Pea Meal.
The very best food for horses and cows. For
Aug. 19, 1881.
Central Hotel Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its
various branches. He and hia assistant Artists
' o yell known for their skill that it needs no
: multiplicity of words to inform the public where
beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut and
dressed In fashienable style and "with dispatch."
Give him a trial. - GREY TOOLE,
v Jal29,1831. Under Central Hotel.
Dead Limbs. A young friend in this
town who lost a linger in a Baw mill fre
quently feels that finger move, and he tells
oi a gentleman now living in Winston who
was so unfortunate a9 to have a leir amou-
tated. They buried the dismembered limb
in a box too Short for it canainnr thfi tftpn
to be pressed uncomfortably acrainst the
end of the box. But the orentleman suffer-
ea sucn pain m tbe toes ot the other foot
that his brother had to have the box dug
up and the leg buried in' a box of larger
size, and until this was done the sufferer
was not fat ease in his other loot.' We
nave neara anu recoraea similar cases
often, there must be some reason foritbut
w no can tell I lieidsvilu Times. "
m m ;
A Philadelphia man who has six
little eons, went to the nursery; the other
evening and.lound thera in a desperate
melee. rhey were : bitmg, kicking aiid
pounding each other savagely, and ; the
furniture was terribly broken up. . He
sprang in and stopped the combat. Then
he d emanded to know what the Quarrel
was about. " We weren't quarrelling,
papa, said, one ot the youngsters, wiping
the blood from his nose. "Then what were
you doing?" cried the amazed parent.
'Playinor we were the Board of Alder-
Memory records services with a pencil,
injuries wun a graver. ;
Notice to Tax-Payers
OF MECKLENBURG COUNTY.
The Tax Books have been placed in my hands,
and I will attend at the times and places men
tioned below, for the purpose of collection the
State and County Taxes for 188 1 :
Steel Creek, Monday, Oct. 3rd, 1881.
lierryhill.tJollins Btore, 1 uesday, " 4th,
The Taxes for the present year must be paid
promptly, and all those who are in arrearages for
past years must meet me at these appointments
and settle if they would save costs.
rersons living in Charlotte Townsoip will find
myself or Deputy always in the Office ready to
settle. M. 5. ALJSXAINDISK.
Sept. 30, 1881. " 4w Sheriff.
J. C. Burroughs
Offers to the public the celebrated
Universal and Star Cotton Gins.-
Sept. 23, 1881. 2m.
From all persons indebted to me for Fertilizers,
I will receive Middling Cotton at 12 cents per
j. u. liUKUUU titis.
Sept 30, 1881. 4w
Notice to Debtors.
To all persons indebted to me for supplies or
otherwise, either here or at Matthews JJepot, l
will pay 12J4 cents per lb. for all Middling (Jot-
ton or above, on delivery of same at my store in
Charlotte, N-C. J. MCL.A.UU11L.1JN.
Aug. 26, 1881. -
A lot of the improved Griswold Gins, made by
O. W. Massey of Macon, Ga., just received and for
sale by J. McL.AUGUL.liN, Agent.
A large variety, just received, very cheap at
is AiitvliM G Kit & TlvU 1 TxjK S.
July 22, 1881.
Bushels SEED RYE for sale
SPRINGS & BURWELL.
Sept. 10, 1881.
Call at Kyle & Hammond's Hardware Iiouse
and examine their "Dexter Corn Sheliers" and
"Feed Cutters'' the latest and best out. Also,
new stvle adjustable Iron Foot Plow Stocks, a
great improvement on those sold in this market
We have a heavy Stock of Steel Plows, Clevises
Single Trees, Steel and Iron Harrow Teeth, ntel
Brews, Gross Rods, &c, which we can and will
sell to the Farmers at prices lower than they can
possibly anord to make them.
We have a complete stock of Blacksmiths'
Tools of the best. quality and at prices that will
put them within the reach ot every Farmer.
JSOV. 1,1880. KILE S 1AMMUJNL.
A complete stock ot Rubber Belting, Rubber
and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of
Rope at bottom prices.
Hovl,l80. H1L1U o3 IA.MMUiNlJ.
Having qualified as Administrator on the Es
tate of Cant. Alexander Grier, notice is hereby
given to all persons indebted to the Estate of said
i i :i . .
Alexander urier w uia&e liumeuiau; seiuemem ;
and all persons having claims against said Lstate
must present them for payment within the time
prescribed by law, or this notice will be pleaded
in bar of their recovery. J. IS. SWANrl,
l . A.. Ultllilt,
Sept 9, 18S1. 9wpd Administrators.
"Train up a Child in the way he should go."
If you send your daughter to the
WILLIAMSTON FEMALE COLLEGE
She will be trained in the habit of coxcentrat-
KD ATTENTION TO OSB PRINCIPAL PURSUIT at a
time, and she will not be trained for the Bar, the
Stump or the otage.
Fall Session opens August 1st, 1S81.
Rev. S. LANDER, Pres't,
July 23, 1881.
Carriages, Phaetons, Buggies, &c.
I have a good
of the latest
style & superior
Call and exam
ine the work.
CHAS. WILSON, Se., , U
' .. 1 1 College Street,
in front of Sanders & Blackwood's .Warehouse,
Jan 14, 1881. yr Charlotte, N. C;
The Mormons in Surry County.
It is announced that the Mormons are to !
have a conference near Cadle's Fordi in
Surry county, on the 7th, Stb and 9th days
ot October. ; A number of their bier men
are to oe present, arid sucn a time as is.
anticipated has never before !een witness
ed in this country. . . : x ' - ;
It is a fact not generally known, per-
haps, lhat Surry county has been a fertile
held tor the Mormons, and daring the past
ten or hlteen years a number of hef peo
ple have been enticed into the Mormon
church. The Mormon preachers have spent !
much time and labor among the people of
this mountain region of the State, and have
made many converts, particularly among
the women, many of whom have moved to
Utah, lo the women, it is said, their at-
teption has been most directly turned, and
the younger ones have been especially ob-
lefctr or their missionary work, bo bold
and successful have they become in their
work that our people talk of appealing to
the next Legislature to check 'their opera
tions by making it a felony to propagate
Mormonism or attempt to make converts
to it. Mt. Airy Post. i '-
Dinner in Francs. ,
..Dinner in France is supposed to be the
one great event ot the day. So it is, but
not because it is a feeding operation. On
the contrary, this French meal is a domes
tic symposium, in which, head and heart
take precedence ot the. stomach. : Ine in
terest and. value of a meal iu France de
pend more on the social than on the culi
nary element. Old Izaak Walton's dictum
that the company makes the feast, and not
the food, is uf; special significance in
France. One rarely sees a " Frenchman
dining aloue, not for the reason that he
wants some one to look at, or to drink
with, but because he wishes some one to
talk to. Conversation accord injrly, ren
ders the French table unique. "I am in
clined to think that the modern French
dinner table is the substitute for the old
salon to which the "feast of reason and the
flow of soul" used to be wholly confined.
In any event, the chief attraction of the
French table now-a-days is conversation.
John Dicrand, hi August Atlantic.
The Wife's Temperance Lecture.
Said she: " I want the chance to supply
you with'vour drink. I want to sell to
you and save the profit. I am compelled
to go in rags and have the poorest to eat,
while the saloon-keeper s wife has the
grandest shawls and bonnets and silk dres
ses, with fine furniture, and the best for
the table. Let me sell to you 'and I will
have all thin,. I will get a keg of beer or
a cask of whisky, whatever you may pre
fer, and sell to you at so much a drink
the same price you pay the saloon-keeper."
1 he experiment was tried tor a while, when
the husband himself eaw how much mon
ey he had been throwing away and con
cluded not to make any further purchase
of any one. But his wife had already gain
ed a nice bonnet, dress and other comforts
of life. Not by Murphy.
1 1 1
I'll Take What Father Takes.
"What will you take to drink t" asked a
waiter of a young lad, who ior the farst
time accompanied his father to a public
dinner. Uncertain what to say, and feel
ing sure he could not do wrong if he fol
lowed his father's example, he replied "I'll
take what father takes." Ihe answer
reached the father's ear, and instantly the
full responsibility of his position flashed
upon him. "Waiter, I'll take water."
And from that day to this strong drink
has been banished from that man's home.
We bate some persons because we do
not know them; and we will not know
them because we hate them. Those friend
ships that succeed to Buch aversions are
usually hrm lor those qualities must be
sterling that could not only gain our hearts,
but conquer our prejudices.
- Cotton Gins Insured
AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE.
The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In-
.rt - . If Ml 1
surance on uoiton urns or uiins run euuer uy
steam or water. This is an important matter to
farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their
attention is especially called to it.
Li. JN IJSi LiV lUUiCUJM,
Sept, 9 1881. Agent.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS
opening a very large and beautiful
LADIES' NECKWEAR, a tremendous stock
of Table Linens, all srrades. A large stock of
Marseilles "Quilts. All kind3 of Flannels Basket,
Opera and Plain. .
Thej are making a specialty of
Ready-Made . Clothing
For Gentlemen and Youths, this season.
They have Hoop-Skirts, White Goods, Laces,
Embroideries of all kinds, and other goods too
numerous to mention
Remember we have a large stock of Carpets ;
also cheap Cassimeres, Jeans, Ac., for pants and
"Foster" Kid Gloves, patented June 13th,
1876. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid G-loves,
the best in the market.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS.
Sept 30, 1881.
Hargraves & Wilhelm.
Oar Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand
somest and cheapest ever offered in this market
It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs,
in all shades and qualities.
Our-Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim
mings is the most varied and attractive ever
seeifin this city.
Ulsters. "Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks,
in all Qualities and shades.
Shawls, Balmorals. Repellants, Cloakings, Oil
Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets,
v elveteens. Flush. &c. .
A complete line of Flannels. Cassimeres. Da
masks and Towels.
A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents Neck
"We have an immense stock of
Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing,
That we are selling at extremely low prices.
All we ask the public and our patrons is to give
our stock a careful inspection. They will find
the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods I
ever shown lathis place. - ? t
We will save you money by calling to see us. ,
; AU-wool Fiain. .Black Bunting at 15 cents.
I iv -'; HARGRAVES & WILHELM.
: Trees and "Prosperity. '
When we advised all owners of land to
plant trees as an investment-it had not
lost sight of all other considerations. , JLt
is a well known, fi'ct that forests have' ex
erted 1 mach J influence in " localities , as ; to
health and prosperity:' Communities have
been made sick by the cutting down of
certain woods.. , : -Disease have been known
to sweep districts;Tjhere prior tothe slay
ing of the forests health prevailed, i A
healthful town. ha been converted into a
sickly one by cutting down bodies? of
woods .that intervened between, - water
courses and it. .; But there ; is still another
idea . connected! with; the forests. It; is
asserted that streams dry .up because' of
the unlimited destruction of the trees. . If
this be so then . thoughtful ; people should
consider well the importance 'jof restoring
the forests alongube water courses. . This.
canTbe-'done onlyby a united aetion on'th'e
part of owners ot lands and a general tree
planting engaged in. . . '.
Mr. David Or. Ihompson. a Cincinnati
investigator, has been writing concerning
the15 evils : of wholesale cutting: down of
forests, y We -copy an interesting para
graph. He says : ! ' '.-:
"How terrible these results may be is seen in
the desolation wrought upon Babylon, Thebes,
Memphis, and especially upon the people of the
Chinese province ox bban-Li only three years
ago, by the loss of their forests. History shows
that not a few nations have declined with the
disappearance of their forests ; and upon the
preservation of our water-course may depend our
existence as a nation. While the Government
ought to protect its own forests, and especially
its mountain forests, it is the farmers and other
small land-owners who can effect the most good ;
and every influence possible should be exerted to
induce them to reclothe a portion of their denud
ed lands.. In this work tie most effective agency
would be the press, particularly the agricultural
press, and it is to be hoped that it will agitate
the subject until the desired result is brought
' If we regard the trees of the forests in
an economical aspect they are of the great
est value. If we consider them from the
standpoint of health we may attach the
highest importance to their protection.
We referred before to the value of North
Carolina woods, viewed . commercially
as providing the best of timber for build-
ing and manuiacturing purposes, jnow,
we have considered briefly their value as
health-, preservers and as preventives of
the exhaustion of water-courses. We
agaiu urge every land-owner; j to plant
hundreds, thousands, lens of thousands of
trees according to means and opportunity,
The forests thus planted will be found
valuable hereafter to those who shall sur
vive you. Do something for the dwellers
who are to succeed you. The trees have
much to do with a people's health and
prosperity. Wilmington otar.
Work for Boys and Girls.
Of idle hands and idle brains there is an
over-growing number, and "What shall I
do?" is a question which is disturbing
many minds. It is bad enough for men,
many of whom have loved ones looking
to them for maintenance, but to women it
is infinitely worse, because of the small
number of avenues open lo them. And to
one class of women in particular thisques
tion in an ever-present source of trial and
trouble. There are in this and in all other
communities a class of young women who
have enjoyed a good and elevating educa
tion, who have been sheltered in pleasant
and loving homeB, but who forseethat the
day must come when they will be throwji
upon their own resources and must care
for themselves. They have been bred to
do no gainful work, their education fits
them for no employment .that can earn
them a living, and though they make
good appearance and seem light-hearted
and gay, they have a secret consciousness
than an unknown future is betore them
Marriage is the solution to which most o
these girls look forward m a vague ana
uncertain way, and they go on in idleness
because they know not what to do. Ihe
worlds owes every one, man and woman
a living, but the world expects something
in return, and exacts it. Now,"the girls
referred to are, most of them, ready and
willing to do something, although too
many ot tnem are so lastmious in ineir
tastes that they lessen still further the few
possible avenues of usefulness open to
them. Save in a very few cases, every
American boy grows up with the knowl
edge that he has got to obtain employment
and work from the time he leaves school.
The pay, in money, may be small at first,
t. - " 3 ii.'
out ne is learning a ousicess, ana gexung
a foothold, and that is no small part of
his pay. There is no reason why girls
should be brought up with the idea that
they were born to be taken care of, while
their brothers are given to understand
that they have got to care for themselves.
No mau who- really wants work and is
ready to do his utmost at anything re
mains long out of employment of some
sort, and the answer to be made to girls
who ask "What shall I do ?" is "Don't wait
for just the thing that suits you; take up
with the very firBt thing that you can find,
and do it with all gour might. You will
be sure to find something, and if you are
fitted for something better, that will come
in time. Boston Transcript.
minister tells his experience at a
"Lost a whole even
ing, had to pay lor a carnage to be in
style, where provisions and drink, and
silks and satins were in profusion, and after
which the' parties made a tour of the
Northern or the Southern States, and we
received, carefully sealed, five dollars and
no cents. It was also expected that a cer
tificate be given, worth at least one dollar,
and that the marriage be advertised in at
least two daily papers and the weekly reli
gious papers as well." Another matches
this with "the case of a minister in the
country who paid $2 for a carriage, which
failed to call for him,' bo he had to trudge
home two miles in the mud and rain. . The
next day he received a fifty cent chromo,
'It is more Blessed to Give than to Re
ceive,' in a twenty-five cent frame as a
premium." This country minister came
out better by a fifty-cent chromo than did
a minister of our acquaintance who had no
$2 tp pay for a carriage, and so walked
far enough in the rain, to d amage bis
clothes and hat to more than that amount.
had to pay for
"What is truth ?'f asks a contemporary.
It-is hard to tellr . ; , .
Tf':- 1 1 . - .' ' .
The Czar and-the Babs.
Jl ' A
:. By Rev. C.-F, Deems, in Raleigh Advocate.
r -rm.v ,mr,r -t ... .
vu mid i m ui jaru, icaaa wis eo
e i i tt ' ' . . I
in in car. was a gentie-
uiau whu ew xotk papers oearingintei
by his simple word, be had bowed to des
tiny anddeath andfdropped i the sceptre
which swayed ;an .empire. . He had died
at a crisis in wnicn ne was tne most con
. ''' ' . . ' i
BF.ouuun B.m .uapu.ufc uereonage among
men.'at such a juncture in affairs as ' will
sucn a juncture in auairs as1 wilt
arreitmg line acrosi the page ' of
istory.f .jHe had roused thejyorld
He had brought thousands into
fortified towns', and stretched tents and
camp "fires along miles of bills aud valleys.
The stride of his ambition bad made troops
of orphan children, and thrilled the nation
withv woe. He -was known, to., all , the
world, and his history, his words, his
deeds, his policy were the study olall who
read or thought. But he had gone. ' Eu
rope stood still and held its breath as the
curtain, dropped upon the colossal' Sctor
pa a stage trembling with the thunder of
artillery and red with the gore of the gal-
lant. And then the cabinets of all govern-
uiciiis, aim tuo tiiiueio uuuu Wio marts ui
the busy nations, began industriously to
calculate the probable effects of his great
departure upon all the operations of man
kind ; and Russia was preparing to bury
"the father"; with mingled barbaric pomp
and civilized splender., 1 " ' '
1 was not indifferent to the importance
of such an event as the death of the Em
peror; but it: stirred my heart very little.
It was far off. !
Twenty miles farther south I heard ot
auother death. In this case it was a babe,
only ten months old.. He was heir to no
great estate or title. He was known to
very few, and very few had any iuterest
in him he had never uttered a word. He
was in no one's way. His life made no
great promise. He had always been deli
cate. He was a mere intelligent "pretty
little fellow:" as' his father was fond of
calling him. He was dead. How sad,
how very sad a thouzht was this to me !
He was "our little George.1 All the po
tentates of Europe might have died and
my heart felt no pain. But this was a
near grief. This was the first departure
from the little flock.- There was no pomp
at his funeral. He lay calm and lovely in
his little coffin, beautifully : dead. His
little sisters and brothers stood in that
awe which the first invasion of the invisi
ble leet makes in a family. A few friends
went from the humble house of the be-
reayed living tothe humbler resting-place
ot the shrouded dead. JNo retinue, no
plumes, no emblazonry of ostentatious sor
row marked the child's removal to his last
home. But he was our babe. How little
thought his mother of the grand
a European empire 1 Her little
was darkened. While we had reaa ac
counts, of the slaughters which marked
the Crimean campaign, and shuddered at
the desolations they must have brought
to thousands of homes, none of the thru
ling reports had penetrated and agonized
us like the sight of our own dead. Nothing
I ever read, or saw, or felt, transfixed me
with such cold pain as the kiss of the little
hands folded over the heart ot our serene
and breathless boy. They were beautiful
hands. How often I "had admired them
igence oi me recent deatn ot jn ichoias. 1 " v. auj.. o - , -- - - - . .
atofalltheRuMiasHewaseone. go6agronndforahopeofreKve n..br
map of great statue, pf ironwUl,ot vast j .MTh baii . entered tbetinteWeHeW -' ;'
, a born king, ruling fifty millions 1 nn th roht mMd ::ht.trAn tK l.at I 1 ' .
as je clapped them when ms earnest gaze vertebra are the pathological facts which n'ight came on to"lake a gallop on horse
had brightened into a smile and broadened aione could endanger the patient's life.1 back and he was a fearless rider "
ntn nfontila U I TTnw nfton liatliPV mi. i x .1 . K x. . UaLJt, SUU US WIS a XearieSS Tiaer. ,
into infantile glee! How often had they
pressed their soft little palms upon my
aching head, and buried their little dimp
les under mv chin ! Death had not dis
colored the lovely, flesh, but had made it
clearer and finer, as if it had been purged
of all taints of corruption. And so 1 could
hardly believe him dead. I3ut when l
stooped to kiss those hands lor the last
time, they met my ups witn sucn an unex-
pected chill that I felt stricken. It was as
though I had been stabbed in the heart
with a dagger of ice.
Oh, how different the far and -the near 1
A quarter of a century lies between that
death and this writing, but that dead babe
to-day has more power over me than any
living man. He walks the streets with
me. He goes with me to all the funerals
of infants. Before his death I did not
know how to talk at the funeral of a babe.
Now I know at least how to sympathize
with the parents. When a man comes
into my houseand tells me with quivering
hps that there is a baby lying dead m his
nome, i go wun mm, iea Dy ine nanu ui
the little child whose mortal body was
buried a quarter oi a ceniury ago.
- Pawn-Shops in China.
China knows all about the pawn-shep
and tbe uses of that dubious establishments,
But there money transactions are conduct
ed in a manner much more favorable to
the borrower, that is the public than
among ourselves. Not only is tbe in
terest charged less than one-half that
paid here, but the care taken in stor
ing the articles pledged is much great
er. Indeed, it is the usual practice for the
people to send their winter clothes to the
pawn-shop on- the appearance of spring,
and their summer garments when the cold
north winds begin to blow, iney are in
the habit of doing this, not because they
stand in want of the money far from it,
they may be at the moment at the height
of affluence but simply because the
pawn-shops afford the safest, most conve-
nient, and generally tne best wardrobe
they can procure. Not only do they ob
tain the advantage of this depository with
out payment of rent, they have also the
nse oi a certain sum oi money, wnicn, as a
rule, they are able to lay out at a consider
able higher rate of interest than that which
they have to allow to the pawn-broker.
That the arrangement does not tend to the
undue advantage of a class of usurers, but
really benefits the community, is proved
by the result; for, although China has
been called "the land of pawn-broking,"
there are fewer unredeemed pledges there
than in any other country. Thus, the im
pecunious Chinese have all the advantages
attaching to a pawn-shop,, with none of the
inconveniences which people in other lands
- Forty cents a pound is the current fate
for the wool product in West Virginia.
, Statement by. One of the Physicians.:
4 ... - ... '
. ' Lr. Hamilton, one of the physicians "who I
" - v.
aiienueu ' iub later jt resident viariiGia. i
. . . . r' i
Tribune in regard to the wound inflict I
spafte on the right
dorsal and first lumbar vertebra at A point
very near the transverse and oblique prb-
cesses that is, obliquely from behipd. . It
passed a little downward" and forward, 1
f uv ijm n ai yia
penetrating the body of the ;firsV lumbir
Lrtebra. escaped from the vertebrairerv
vertebra, escaped froaUbe rjebraiTery
near its middle in front, and was found
little th the left of the tody of" this vertex
"bddy of" this verte-s I
bra: lying under the rower margin of the
pancreas and Bearer its prosterior, rdor-.
sal,- aspect than its -anterior- behind-rtha
peritoneum and therefore outside the ciM
vity of the belly. Ihe ball was encysted,
completely surrounded by a. firm capsule,
wnicn invesiea it entirety ana cioseiy, tne
capsule containing nothing but the ball, a
grain or two of white tenacious. substance
attached to one point of its . inner surface,
wnicD was noi easuy removea oj ine eage
ot tne Kniie, ana wnicn may oe louna un
jer the microscope to consist of a drop 01
desiccated pus, or it may prove to be the
leaden stain occasioned by the oxidation
of the surface of the ball. , It also contain
ed a small fragment of black material.
perhaps three-quarters of an inch in length,;
and an eighth of an inch in breadth, which
under the microscope may prove to be a
piece of cloth, but tee exact character of
which has not yet been determined. A
most critical examination of the sao inclos
ing the ball under a Btrong light and with
a probe did not disclose any connection
between it and the track of the balL . Not
far removed from the seat of the ball was
the blood cavity, perhaps distant one or
two inches, and in this neighborhood there
could be felt distinctly under the finger
innumerable small substances like grains
of sand,of greater or lees magnitude,
which have not yet been submitted to
microscopical examination, but which
were supposed to be minute fragments of
bone torn away from the broken vertebra,
and thus widely disseminated in the adja
cent tissues. The blood sac was behind
the peritoneum, but the autopsy revealed
that it had ruptured into the cavity of the
peritoneum, prooaoiy just oelore the oc
currence ot death, and at least a pint of
blood, coagulated, was found in the perl
toneal cavity, ihe abscess spoken of in
the official report of the autopsy was not
in this region precisely,: but somewhat
more to the right between the liver and
transverse colon. No connection was dis
covered between this and the external
wound made by the bullet, and there are
no means of kno wing whether it commu
nicated with the original track at some
the results of the extension of inflamma
tion from the original track to the adji
cent tissues. There was no lesion of the
liver, recent or ancient, indicated in the
It is evident Irom this account that the
presence ot the ball in the situation in
which it was found was not the immediate
cause ot death, as it was completely en
cysted, and must have long since ceased
to cause irriiauon. xne 6mau i rag m ems.
of bone and the great le6ion of the lumbar
xms lesion ui ine verteura ine surgeons i
na(j no means of
nor could it
have been repaired save by the process of
nature. The small fragments of bone (if
they should prove to be such) widely dis
seminated in the adjacent tissues certainly
could not have been removed by any sur-
icai operation. It was determined by the
autopsy that the necessity did not exist
for removing the ball, or in other words,
that had there been no other lesion it
might have been carried for many years
without causing death or even inconveni -
ence. bull, it may be proper to inquire
whether by a surgical operation the bullet
could have been safely removed. If it had
been arrested by the spine, or even lodg
ed in the substance of the spinal column,
possibly with a bold and- very extensive
dissection, it might have been safely reach
ed or extracted. It is questionable, how
ever, whether the history of surgery fur
nishes any example of success under the
1 J 1
circumstance now supposed. But the fact
l-ia tbat the bullet traversed the spine and
lodged at a point some distance removed
rrom it, passing miraculously, through
various vital structures whicn surround
the anterior and lateral walls of the verte
"The front of the spine, in the region
traversed and both of its sides presenting
towaraa ine interior oi ine Deny, are uier
ally covered by important blood vessels,
arteries and veins the most important
nerves of the body sympathetics or gan
glionic system of nerves, also nerves ol
common secsation and motion, and by
lymphatics, including the great thoracic
duct, through which nutrition from tne
alimentary canal is conveyed to the heart.
The injury of almost any one of the fore
going, excepting tbe nerves oi common
sensation and motion, would inevitably
destroy life, and in the midst of this plox
us pf arteries, veins, nerves and lymphat
ics, the surgeon would have had to carry
his knife in search of a ball, the situation
of which has only been revealed by the
autopsy. There were no possible means
of knowing the situation of the ball daring
life, as it gave no indications of its pres
ence, nor could it possibly have been
reached and recognized by any form of
surgical probe. That death would have
been immediate and the inevitable result
of any such daring adventure is almost
However much we individually or col-
icuwi v cijr uiav uiouo vui oca -nauio i
to just criticism in the matter of diagnosis
or prognosis, and whatever doubts may be
entertained by medical men as to the pro
priety of the treatment in certain respects,
I cannot believe that one intelligent sur
geon will hereafter think that at any period
in the progress of the case the ball or the
fragments of the bone which it sent before
it could have been successfully removed ;
nor, indeed that any, serious attempt in
that direction would not have resulted in
a sknuinW . ,o - hax ......i.i... I ffnef stricken wita and family, ana wjnea?
I ftLrWfr noriad in t.ht hiatnrtr rvf t.hfl naaA rr I i a . . i 1 - . a
i, f i r j - , , I womannooa ; men irwin ana utile ADrara, -
vficrSnm n0- 11 my hf ve ?oxxe 80 beome who is but nine years of age. Mrs Gar-"
Kiuguuui i anhseonentlv closed, or it mavhave been I cia : - t - t r . .1 i ' -
I .l i. -p . i . t n I ci -w, w
j i 1 1 m 1 1 . . i ji-i i m v h i ir i ii if i is i . in i 1 1 1 i ..
.3 3 t.
Ir i t -
su" "A wu prcaeu .uvwv
parea to amrm mat, surgery tssuuissu-v
- ., . -n. .,..t i t .
ces ov wnicn ine iatsiiresuib-tuum
been averted... This was the sad
tiou which I felt justified in giving to the
. M.: A fr !!c UTifi wmch i
Fa'ets and Anecdotes abont General Garfisli
of .Washington city,
tells one or two verv i
relating tothe life of the late President
Jdurinw the few davs preceding his murder,
1? P S
- T L
I was ridln( hni with the President
nrl TTar-r nfiaM4.n i K WednRsdav
mVht of that weV., The President talked
about great. ' many4 thru gs, n and said a
rjreat dfiiatoQ,feU wift1 recent illness.
sueakingi particularly of Dr.' Boynton'a
services during the hour of Mrs. Garfield's.
peril, of the doctor's prompt response when
summoned by telegraphy and of his untir .
ing efforts night and day to ameliorate the
suffering of the patient, he said, in a tone
of voice which I shall never forget, to his.
son, Harry, I want you to remember y cur
Uncle bilas as long as you live v .
une oi ine naDiis oi iuo .x jeaiueut aur .
many years was the writing of a . private
diary, and he has left S number. of volumes
of these diaries, which are about six , by
picrht inches in size. Ha did most' of the
writing in these himself, though when very
busv he dictated the entries to"bi3 secre-
tary. ;The last entry he made himself the .
night before he was shot. Under theaate '
July 1st is written : Brown returned to- ,
day,' and, alter a few more notes, were the
last words, "Consm Cordelia died to-day.
Retired at 12 o'clock.' - - '
It will be remembered that Private Sec-
rfitarv Brown retnrned from Enrorta the
night before the President was shot. The
"Cousin Cordelia" spoken of was Mrs. Ar-
nold, who was fatally injured by the acci
dent in which tbe late President s - uncle,
Thomas Garfield, was killed near Cleve-
land. The Marshal says the late Presi
dent has. left several boxes- full of papers
and documents, which will probably' be
examined some day and edited for publi
cation. ; ' ' : "
In some reminiscences of President Gsjr-
field, contributed to the Boston Journal
Dy Ben Perley Poore, isjthe following:
" Ihe snort time that the Uarhtlds oc
cupied the White House before the assas
sination was a continued, scene of domes
tic enjoyment. 'Grandma' Garfield had,
until she returned to Mentor, an honored
place at the family table, at her son's right
hand, and was always waited on iiret,
whoever else might be present. On the
other side of the Presided teat Jamie, who
was his father's pet. Harryr the oldest
boy, always sat next to his mother, and
then Miss Mollie. who is approaching .
was always an abundance of'' wholesome.
nutritious food, with good coffee, tea and
milk. Flowers from " the ; conservatory 1
adorned the table at every me aV After
dinner President Garfield used to indulge
in a game of billiards, having promptly re
stored to its place the billiard table banish
ed by Mrs. Hayes. Occasionally he would
indulge in a cigar, and he was not adverse
to a glass of champagne or Rhine wine, or
lager beer, although he drank temperate '
iy ana witnout ny pocrisy. lie liked as
- Texan or Texlan. -One
or two Texas papers appear to wish
to revive the question whether a citizen of
Texas should be called aTexanorTexian.
Some forty years ago the latter term was
1 generally used, but custom has lontr since
settled down in favor of Teran. There is
no precise rule applicable to the case, and
I some smart philologist may vet get a law
J passed to change the spelling of the came,
1 as has been done in a neighboring State,
where Arkansaw has been made to take
the place of Arkansas. That State, how-'
ever, neglected to state whether its citizens
shall be called Arkansawers or Arkansaw-
vers. Webster says sawyer is a corrup
tion of sawer. and . a new law mav h
necessary to fix the correct thing as to the;
name of the citizens of our sister State, if
not for those of Texas. , There was once a
soldier-poet who wrote the word Texicans
I m K " " " V
in order to make it rhyme with Mexicans.
The San Antonia Zl'wMsays : "A number
1 ot Arkansians " etc. This " seems to ha
hardly as fit a word as either Texans or
I Texians. Galveston News.
A lean thingThe tower of Pisa, .'
. There is certainly arrest for the wicked.
Cultivation of hops A father 'whir.
his son. -
Paper hanging A suspended i ournj'.l.
; IV. Y. News. "
Bare facts would often
look better if
clothed in choice words.
The forgery of a blacksmith is nncon.
demned by the sternest moralist, '
If wrinkles are the grave of love' false
teeth must be its tombstones.
The new locomotives on
! and West Point Railroad
wheels. . t
Some people are like blotters. The more
I imprewHuus mey receive me ciouaier they
Ho who would acquire fame must -tint
show himself afraid of censure.
Ex-President Hayes was the ohlv; man
who was ever benefitted by the Fifteen
Puzzle. -'v : -v'-- , ,
Fortune is like a market, where many
times if you wait a little the price rill
You mar talk about tbmarit;mn
i of Great Britain as much as you please.
, oui iae sneriu is ine real monarch cf the
ceize. . -
The fractured vertebra-is now in the
handsof a scientific gentleman, who. is
cleansing and preparing it, after which it
will be placed on exhibision in the Nation,
al Medical Museum in Washington City,
speedy death. Viewing the
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