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OLD SERIES; VOLUME XXX.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 188L
VOLUME XI. NUMBER 547
If . ill it
ij 41 MJlM
it a i s 11 ail 9 1 ms in i ii i iii
Charlotte Home and Democrat,
Published eyeey Fbidav by
J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor.
Terms Two Dollars for one year.
One Dollar for six months.
Subscription price doe in advance.
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte. N.
C, as second class matter," according to the
rules of the P. O. Department. ,:
BOBERT GIBBON, II. D ,
CHARLOTTE. N. C,
Office corner 5th and Tryon Streets)
Tenders his professional services to the public,
as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or
operate in all the different departments of Sur-
arch 5, 1881.
Dr. JOHN H. Me ADEN,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Has on hand a large and well selected stock of
PURE DRUGS, Chemicals, Patent Medicines,
Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye
8tuffa, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de
termined to sell at the very lowest prices.
Jan 1, 1879.
DR. T. C. SMITH,
Druggist and Pharmacist,
Keeps a full line of Puie Drugs and Chemicals,
White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners'
Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he
will sell at low prices.
March 28, 1879.
J. p. McCombs, M. D ,
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both niirht and dav. nromntlv attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
tne unariotte iiotei.
Jan. 1, 1873.
DR. J. M. MILLER,
Charlotte, N C.
All calls promptly answered day and night.
Office over Traders' National Bank Residence
opposite W. R. Myers.
Jan. 18, 1878.
DR. M. A. BLAND,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
Feb 15, 1878.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Praotice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
March 18, 1881.
A. BUR WELL. P. D. WALKER.
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts,
Office adjoining Court House.
Nov 5, 1880.
WILSON & BURWELL,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C,
Have a large and complete Stock of everything
pertaining to the Drue Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
Oct 7, 1880.
HALES & PARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and
Clocks,- Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c,
done promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
July 1, 1879.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses,
8yrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard,
Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we
otter to both the Wholesale and Kstau trade. All
are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 17, 1880.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c,
College Street. Charlotte. N. C.
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market price.
f&T Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission and prompt returns made.
Nov. 1, 1881.
Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant
In Sanders & Blackwood's Building,
North College St , Charlotte, N. C.
Aiarcn jjo, ibsi.
H. W. HARRIS,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo
site vuurt auuse.
Sept 2, 1881. 8mpd
Charlotte Marble Works.
W. G. BERRTHILL,
Charlotte, N. C,
Dealer m MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE
STONES, "and MARBLE-WORK
of every description.
Having just returned from the North, where I
purchased a large assortment of fine Monuments,
Marble Slabs, and a good assortment of Stone in
my line, I am prepared to offer fair terms to suit
the times, to persons wanting work in my line,
ana guarantee satisfaction, i nave in my employ
some of the best workmen to be found in the
Southern States. W. G. BERRYHILL.
Sept 16, 1881. 8mpd
Peas and Pea MeaL
The very best food for horses and cows. For
Central Hotel Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its
various branches. He and his assistant Artists
are so well known for their skill that it needs no
multiplicity of words to inform the public where
beards can be sh&ved smoothly and hair cut and
dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch."
Give him a trial. GREY TOOLE. .
July 29, 1881; Under Central Hotel.
Selling -toy Weight.
It cannot be denied bat what the fair
est way in disposing of articles from the
l 1 f r . T. - ... . !
mru is uy weignt. n tne only proper j
way; and why?,. Let us take eggs, for
instance. A dozen of large eggs, under
the present system of "traffic, brings no
more than a dozen of small ones. No one
will pretend to say there is any iustice in
this. Then take potatoes or turnips, or
apples or onions or fruit of any kind. A
person woo understands "dark wavs" can
make, by measuring by the bushel or
quart, a good deal more or less according
to the interests that suits him. In all the
berries sold in this market bv the quart
there is a leakage in the measure in most
instance. Honest scales won't cheat.
It is just as right to sell wool by the
fleece as it is e&ga by the dozen or hay by
tne load as to sell potatoes, tomatoes.
wheat, rye. barley, oats. corn, apples, ber
ries by the quart or bushel. There is no
I justice in it, neither is there any representa
tion in it. 1 he only fair way m either
buying or selling farm products is by the
Notice to Tax-Payers
OF MECKLENBURG COUNTY.
The Tax Books have been placed in my hands.
and I will attend at the times and places men
tioned below, for the purpose of collecting the
State and County Taxes for 1881 :
Steel Creek, Monday, Oct. 3rd, 1881.
JierryhHl.UoIlins Btore, Tuesday, " 4th,
The Taxes for the present year must be paid
promptly, and all those who are in arrearages for
past years must meet me at these appointments
and settle U they would save costs.
Persons living in Charlotte Township will find
myself or Deputy always in the Office ready to
settle. M. E. ALEXANDER.
Sept. 30, 1881. 4w Sheriff.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS
opening a very large and beautiful
LADIES' NECKWEAR, a tremendous stock
of Table Linens, all grades. A large Btock of
Marseilles Quilts. All kinds of Flannels Basket,
Opera and Plain.
Thej are making a specialty of
For Gentlemen and Youths, this season.
They have Hoop-Skirts, White Goods, Laces,
Embroideries of all kinds, and other goods too ;
numerous to mention
Remember we have a large stock of Carpets :
also cheap Cassimeres, Jeans, Ac, for pants and
"Foster" Kid Gloves, patented June 13th,
1876. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid Gloves,
the best in the market.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS.
Sept 30, 1881.
J. C. Burroughs
Offers to the public the celebrated
Universal and Star Cotton Gins
Sept 23, 1881. 2m;
From all persons indebted to me for Fertilizers,
I will receive Middling Cotton at 12 cents per
j. c. auKUUuuua.
Sept 30, 1881. 4w
Bushels SEED RYE for sale
SPRINGS & BURWELL.
Sept 16, 1881.
Attention Farmers !
Call at Kyle & Hammond's Hardware House
and examine their "Dexter Corn Shellers" and
"Feed Cutters" the latest and best out Also,
new style adjustable Iron Foot Plow Stocks, a
f;reat improvement on those sold in this market
We have a heavy Stock of Steel Plows, Clevises
Single Trees, Steel and Iron Harrow Teeth, Heel
brews. Gross Rods. &c., which we can and will
sell to the Farmers at prices lower than they can
possibly afford to make them.
Jan. 1, 1881. JLXLiJS & liAMMUJNU.
We have a complete stock of Blacksmiths'
Tools of the best quality and at prices that will
put them within the reach of every J armer.
NOV. 1, 18ttU. KXlilS S xl AM fllUiN It.
A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber
and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of
Rope at bottom prices.
.NOV 1, 1880. JS.11.JS & J1AMMUJSU.
"Train up a Child in the way he should go."
If you send your daughter to the
WILLIASIST0N FEMALE COLLEGE
She will be trained in the habit of concentrat
ed ATTEHTION TO ONE PRINCIPAL PURSUIT at a
time, and she will not be trained for the Bar, the
Stump or the Stage.
Fall Session opens August 1st, 1881.
Rev. S. LANDER, Pres't,
July 23, 1881.
Having qualified as Administrator on the Es
tate of Capt Alexander Grier, notice is hereby
given to all persons indebted to the Estate of said
Alexander urier to mase immeaiate settlement ;
and all persons having claims against said Estate
must present them for payment within the time j
ftrescribed by law, or this notice will be pleaded
n bar of their recovery. J. B. SWANN,
Sept 9, 1881. 6wpd Administrators.
Carriages, Phsetons, Buggies, &c.
I have a good
of the latest
style & superior
Call and exam
ine the work.
" CHAS. WDLSON, Sr.,
id front of Sanders & Blackwood's Warehouse,
Jan 14, 1891 jr Charlotte, N. C.
THE LONG AGO.
BTB. F. TAYLOR.
Oh 1 a wonderful stream is the river Time
As it runs through the realm of tears,
With a faultless rhythm and a musical rhyme,
And a broadening sweep and a surge sublime, ;
As it blends in the ocean of years.
How the winters are drifting like flakes of snow,
And the summers like buds between, . ,
And the years in the sheaf, how they come and
On the river's breast, with its ebb and its flow,
As it glides in the shadow and sheen !
There's a magical isle up the river Time,
. Where the softest of airs are playing,
There's a cloudless sky and a tropical clime,
And a song sweet as a vesper chime,
And the Junes with the roses are straying.
And the name of this isle is the "Long Ago,"
And we bury our treasures there ;
There are brows of beauty and bosoms of snow,
There are heaps of dust oh ! we loved them so
There are trinkets and tresses of hair.
There are fragments of songs that nobody sings,
There are parts of an infant's prayer,
There's a lute unswept and a harp without
There are broken vows and pieces of rings,
And the garments our dead used to wear.
There are hands that are waved when the fairy
By the fitful mirage is lifted in air,
And we sometimes hear through the turbulent
Sweet voices we heard in the days gone before,
When the wind down the river was fair.
Oh ! remembered for aye be that blessed isle,
All the day of our life until night ;
And when evening glows with its beautiful
And our eyes are closing in slumber awhile,
May the greenwood of soul be in sight,
A fresh Chest of He-No-Tea just received by
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30, 1881. Sole Agents.
A lot of the improved Griswold Gins, made by
O. W. Massey of Macon, Ga., just received and for
sale by J. McLAUUJlLlJN, Agent,
Aug. 26, 1881.
Cotton Gins Insured
AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE.
The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In
surance on Cotton ums or Mills run either by
steam or water. This is an important matter to
farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their
attention is especially called to it.
E. NYE HUTCHISON,
Sept, 91881. Agent
Halt! Read! Fonder!
The Drought, so universally prevailing both in
North Carolina and the upper portion of South
Carolina, are themes for your most serious con
sideration, when making this Fall's Purchases.
To buy light is the great point ; but to buy light
and at lowest prices is almost an impossibility in
Northern markets. There Quantity Rules
Prices." but you have a "Home Market" where
your purchases, however small, will be appreciat
ed. Charlotte is your home market and Witt
kowskv & Baruch s the House.
In purchasing of us you avoid the danger of the
"Brisk Trade infection" ot the JNorth, ana are
less liable to be wrecked on "This Tear s most
dangerous Rock of Overbuying." Tou can from
us make up your assortment with half the amount
that you can at the North. There you have to
buy from a dozen or more houses, each one of
whom worries you into buying more Goods than
you want ; here you can get your whole stock
from us in as small quantities as you please.
We present you a Stock in value of over $200,-
000 to make your selections from, and from our
large experience, ample capital and superior
facilities, we assert our ability to cope with any
We manufacture our own Clothing and had
manufactured for us specially our Boots and Shoes
and Hats, and therefore not only offer you Supe
rior Goods, but at less price than others.
All our Stocks are now complete, and we hope
our old customers and new ones will avail them
selves this season of their "Own Home Market.'
WITTKOWSKY & BARUCH,
Sept. 9, 1881. Charlotte, N. C.
Hargraves & Wilhelm.
Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand
somest and cheapest ever offered in this market
It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs,
in all shades and qualities.
Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim
mings is the most varied and attractive ever
seen in this city.
Ulsters, Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks,
in all Qualities and shades.
Shawls, Balmorals, Repellants, Cloakings, Oil
Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. "Velvets,
Velveteens. Plush, &c.
A complete line of Flannels, Cassimeres, Da
masks and Towels.
A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck
We have an immense stock of
Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing,
That we ae selling at extremely low prices.
All we ask the public and our patrons is to give
our stock a careful inspection. They will find
the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods
1 , -i
ever buowu in mis piace.
We will save you money by calling to see us.
All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents.
HARGRAVES & WILHELM.
Sept 80, 1881.
A large variety, just received, very cheap at
BARRINGER & TROTTER'S.
July 22. 1881.
TIDDY'S CITY BOOK STORE
A well selected Stock of
Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools
cap, which they propose to eell cheap for cash.
Also, French Paper of every description, with
Eavelopes to match.
Also, Paper in boxes, to suit the most fastidious.
SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK.
A standard treatise upon the laws of good Bociety
CONGRESS TIE ENVELOPES a new lot
just received. . .-. v: . i
Edward Todd & Co.s .Celebrated
1 Bobber Pens,
A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen.
TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents for Emer
son's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS ; and
any orders given them will receive prompt atten
tion. . ; :,
Cash paid for Rags.
Days Without Niffhts. ;
There is nothing that strikes a stranger
more forcibly, if he visits Sweden in June.
than the absence of night. At Stockholm,
for example, the sua goes down a little
before 10 o clock "it; - but he passes
around the earth and is only just below the
north pole a short time; there us a great
brightness all night, and such that you can
see to read at midnight.
There is a mountain at the head of the
Gult of Bothina, where, on the twenty-first
of June, the sun does not go down at all.
Travelers go thereto see it. A steamboat
goes up from Stockholm for the purpose
of carrying those who- are curious to wit
ness the phenomenon., it only occurs one
night. The bus goes down to the horizon,
you can see the 'wboitjface of it, and in fire
minutes it begins to rise. - ;
At the North Cape, latitude seventy-five
degrees, the sun does "not go down for
several weeks. In June it would be about
twenty-five degrees above the horizon at
midnight. The changes in those high
latitudes, from summer to winter, are so
great that we can have no conception of
them. In the winter the sun disappears
in the south, and is not seen for six weeks.
Then it iust shows its iane. Afterward it
remains ten, fifteen or twenty minutes, and
then descends, and finally it makes almost
a circle around the heavens.
Animal life accommodates itself to these
Ions days. Birds and animals take their
accustomed rest at the usual hours. They
go to rest whether the sun goes down or
not. 1 be hens take to the trees about 7
o'clock p. m., and sit ther9 until the sun is
well up in the morning, and the people get
into the habit of late rising, too. Long;
fellow tells us of his visit to a village where,
although the sun was shining, not a soul
was to be seen in the streets.
More Thorough Education.
lhe propriety of teaching every young
person Borne uselui occupation while at
tending school, or at least during school
years, is again attracting attention
xoung men who grow up in cities or vu
lages are afforded excellent opportunities
of acquiring: a good education. But that
alone does not qualify them to earn an
independent living and become useful citi
zens. lhe many, many thousands ot boys
now attending schools in cities and vil
lages cannot all find employment as
clerks, salesmen, merchants, lawyers and
livery young man, regardless of the
pecuniary circumstances of their parents,
should be trained to some useful occupa
tion should be qualified to earn a living
with his hands if necessary. The public,
however, cannot make provision for giv
ing instruction in manual labor in the
mechanic arts, or in agriculture. 1 bat is
something that the parents or the boys
themselves must look after: and every
schoolboy who tries can readily find an
instructor in some branch of handiwork.
Boys from fourteen to twenty who at
tend school should spend a reasonable
time in learning a trade, or in work on a
farm. Tbey should not expect to be paid
for their work, at least during the first
and second years. City parents who can
afford to should send their sons to the
country during vacations, both winter
and summer, where they will be instructed
in handling horses, feedins stock, acd in
the cultivation of the earth : and above
all, where they will be afforded oppor
tunnies to think opportunities which
boys reared exclusively in cities seldom
The walks of a professional Me are al
ready overcrowded. There are about
three times as many competent clerks as
there are clerkships, and competent sales-
men are almost as numerous as customers.
But no matter what may be the prospects,
aims or expectations of a young man, his disappearance, consumes one oi ine mo of prayeP which in point of clear, intelli
education is never complete so long as he interesting chapters of the unwritten his- J ' . .' . A t
. ...... . A -..x. v: . f .v ! ro, - gent reasoning, is wiser and stronger than
is incapable of earning a living with his
hands. Young men should note the fact
that almost without exception eminent
and successful physicians, lawyers, col
lege professors, bankers, merchants and
statesmen, are skilled workers as agricul
turists, or in some branch of mechanism.
A Bat Trap.
A North Carolina man, who had multi
tudes of rats in his corn crib, tells the
American Farmer how he cleaned them
out. He says :
"Before housing my new crop of corn I
built a box in one corner of my barn of
thick plank ten inches wide, eight or ten
feet long, and made another the same
length small enough to slip into it from
the outside of the barn by cutting a place
large enough to insert it. 1 bored two-
inch auger holes in the side of the boxes
at intervals so that they would exactly
meet when the inside box was supped to
its place. I housed my new crop on it,
and in a few days I drew out my box and
found there were rats in it.
the auger holes and carried it
out m lue
m. - . i
field and called an old negro man to help
me kill them. I got a stick, set the box
on one end, opened the bottom hole and
at it we went, and when we got through
we counted up and bad thirty-five grown
rats. So I returned the box to its place
and continued my operations until 1 had
effectually thinned out the rat crop, xou
see they would always find the box un
der the corn and adopt it as a denning
1 1 tm
Woman's Affection. Man is the crea
ture of interest and ambition. His nature
leads him forth into the struggle and
bustle of the world. Love is but the es
tablishment ot his early life, or a song
piped in the intervals of the acts. He
seeks for fame, for fortune, for space in the
world's thought, and dominion over bis
fellow-men. But the woman's whole life
is a history of the affections. Tbe heart is
her world ; it is there her ambition strives
for empire : it is there her avarice seeks
for hidden treasures. She sends forth
her sympathies on adventure : she embarks
her whole soul in the traffic of affection :
and if shipwrecked, her case is hopeless,
for it is a bankruptcy of the heart.-
Washington Irving. . ;i if; ;., -:
Th AtUntift onpan if It were to h
Crimed rnM h a vut nlain with a mnnn
tain ridge in the middle, running parallel!
wiva our coasu
Social Culture. " - ;
It has been the fashion to complain of
the dreary isolation of dwellers in rural
localities. But the complaints have been
made most frequently by those who are
entire strangers to the matters upon
wdicd tney write so freely.
nied with af I
are in general so lully occu
fairs that they have no time to discover
how lonesome they really are. So far as
this is concerned, we think it a misfortune!
We are too busy. We work too hard.
We take few or no holidays. We read
and think too little, and do not spend
sufficient time in social culture. There is
no reason why those who plow the boil, or I
"wnosa talk is ot bullocks, should not
experience the refinements': which are the
result of formal social life. "- Iu business,
at bargains,' in pursuit of dollars, no man
is seen at bis best. He is thorny, spiny.
with his back up as a porcupine might be
at his business. Let one doff his working
clothes and enter a room lull of his ueigh-
bors, men, women, young men and maid-
..;! l. r a.
ens and he is a man of another kind
He naturally falls into the ways of an in
tuitive kindness, which is really the truest
politeness ; the doing of his companion
what he would that he should (do to him.
He "lets himself out" to please, and after
an evening spent in sociaT converse, he
retires with mauy rough corners and as
perities toned down. For a. lew days the
lunuence remains, it would De perma
nent it it could be reinforced now and
then, and the good results would be most
agreeable and useful. . There is no diffi
culty, in bringing these good influences to
bear. 1 wo or three persons, with energy
and some magnetism about them, can put
them in motion with ease. Now is the
time to begin the effort. A book club is
one excellent means to effect it. A mu
tual improvement association is another.
These two naturally grow but or, aad be
long to each other. They are quite
enough lor a. beginning. Let a dozen
persons, or less or more, each name a book
or a magazine and subscribe the money to
purchase them. -Lach of these books is
made to go the rounds of the members ;
so that for the price of one book 'each
member has the reading of several, and,
at the end, may possess this book perma
nently; or the books may be sold and the
money applied to the purchase of new
ones. Every week let these people meet,
and talk over and discuss some question
of interest to them all, which one has
made a special study of for the purpose of
introducing it. Or let those who have a
taste tor it. entertain tne others with a
reading of selections, poems, or a well
chosen drama or play. The book club
and the improvement association are then
started, and once the ice is broken, will
float along smoothly and pleasantly.
The Confederate Account in the Bank of
. New Orleans Times.
A contemporary, in an article discussing
the sudden rise in Confederate bonds re
cently, makes an allusion to the money
belonging to the Confederate Govern
ment's account with the Bank of Eng
land, which, for some reason, was not
withdrawn upon the collapse of the Con
federacy. Our contemporary is not quite
correct in its statements. -
On the 1st day of April, 1865, the Con
federate Government had 160,000 to its
credit in the Bank of England. When
the crash came the Confederate cotton
had disappeared, and although the United
States Consul General at Liverpool made
diligent search, he could not find a bale,
although he had reliable information that
there was some thousand bales of Confed-
j erate cotton in Liverpool a fortnight be-
vvnereitweni, ana me manner oi us
Llll V Jl LUG 1ALG liai.
Why the money belonging to the Con
federate Government wa9 not withdrawn
from the Bank of England at the time of
the crash, it is not easy to say. One of
the reasons given is that the officer on
whose check alone it could be obtained
was out of London ill. And when he did
return, it was too late.
Three attempts have been made by the
' . . ...i
Treasury Department to get this money
The first was in 1867. The American
Minister, Mr. Reverdy Johnson, was told
bv Her Maiesty's Government that tbe
J money would be turned over to the XJni
ted States as executor, but if the Ameri'
can Government claimed the assets it
must be responsible for the liabilities of
the Confederacy. This view of the mat
ter was not entertained by Mr. Johnson,
who advised his government of the con
dition upon which the money could be
Mr. Boutwell while Secretary of the
Treasury made an attempt to get the
coveted 160.000. He sent the Hon.
Kenneth Raynor of North Carolina, then
I i ! t. m a
i as now oOiiciior oi lue xreasury. 10 uon-
I don to see if some plan could
. . .
not be de -
I vised by which the government might
I obtain this money, without becoming
responsible for the liabilities ot tbe Con-
I federacy. But he was as unsuccessful as
Mr. Johnson had been.
Since Mr. Blaine has been in office he
has also caused inquiry to be made, but
without any results.
The money will probably remain in the
Bank of England's vaults until some more
vigorous course than any thus far taken
Men pride themselves on their un
changeability. They make an elaborate
argument to prove that they , think now
iust as they did twenty years ago. It is
charged to frailty or fraud if a man
changes his sentiments in politics or in
religion and it is this determination of
soul that so often drives back tbe gospel
from a man's heart. It is so hard to make
avarice charitable, and fraud honest, and
pride humble, and skepticism Christian.
The sword of God's truth seems to glance
off from these mailed warriors, and the
helmet seems battle-proof against 5 God's
Remember that self-interest is more
iiteiy to warp your judgment man an
- 1 other circumstances combined ; inereiore
look well to your duty when your other
The Speculative Mania. ;
St. Louis Register. , , !; : - t- . , , .?;!
The passion of gambling has always
been a ruling one in the human mind.
From the untutored savage of the forest
to the educated gentleman of the city all
alike are naturally inclined to "games' of
fhnr for u to Ire a " 'Tt ' io ' t l-i at in I
Indian , will play until he has lost everv-
thing he has in the world, and we all know
how desperately the civilized gambler
clings to hope until his last cent is swept
away. An equally : prevalent passion, of
modern times is the intense desire of men
to get rich suddenly.' One of the lessons
of experience and history, most conclnstve-
ly demonstrated to be true' is that wealth
best comes' as the result of long continued
thrift and eennomy united with industry.
This old fashioned way of becoming' rich
is the only true one, and must be followed
if real prosperity is to be obtained.: , These
two passions, gambling and desire to get
rich suddenly, have made lotteries prolific
sources of gaiu to their manipulators, and
f.i; .i .... k , . i
within the last twenty years have created
the process of stock iobbing by means of
margins. upuons in gram, proauce ana i
stocks are bought and sold, with no real
margins. Uptions in gram, produce and
intention ot handling the stock or com
modity itself, but 'solely to make a profit
or sustain a loss by the receipt or payment
of differences. It needs' no long explana
tion to show that , such transactions are
nothing more than disguised gambling.
We need not tell any sensible man that
all gambling is pernicious in its effects.
That such is the fact is universally admit
ted. Iso one wishes to employ a clerk or
servant who is addicted to this practice,
for he knows that there will be a steady
temptation towards dishonesty. A gam
bler is not deemed worthy ot any social
privileges. Like the brand of (Jain, the
epithet, when applied to a man, puts him
beyond the pale, and he is ostracised.
There must be sufficient and reasonable
cause for the unsavory reputation which
attends this habitjOr else it would not be
so perfecty understood and known. But
here comes in the inconsistency of popular
opinion, and the same business men who
despise common gambling have nothing to
say when they see it disguised in the form
of ostensible dealing in stocks and grain.
It is painful to see how universal .the
practice has become, and now even wo
men turn over to some broker any money
they can obtain to be employed in the
purchase and sale of options. JNo re
flecting mind can fail to form any other
opinion of the business than that it is in
every respect iniurious. both to the per-1
son engaged in it and .to the people at I
' . . I
A Spotless Table.
What can be more appetizing than a
perfectly arranged table, sparkling with
cleanliness r bo let us be a little extrava
gant in our fresh tablecloths, when soap, in that shop t" asked a rambler of a New
water and a little labor are all we have porter, a bit out of town. "Thar's. a
to Dav. And now we must decide, shall
we have the best china and do with stone-
ware for every day? Or shall we pay
ourselves the respect usually reserved for
company Y, Clearly, we are tbe persons
. 1. Z M. - - IT . L. . . . . n ..
tO WIlOUl . ll 1B..OI. IUW LUVBb lllJUUi laUUB.
Shall we sit down to odd plates and
cracked saucers six days that we may en -
. .... . - .1 ..
toy gilded China tne'sevectnr y no
I " " .... - - .
means. .We will have plain white French
uuiua, ' wniuu cau ue uiaiucu
1 ' 1. : l. 1 . V.,
when broken, and we will sit down to it
" tt . m a i
every day. in the same way we win
bring out the plated knives and silver
forks, and partake of our food with a
i . n
sense ot our own aeserts. jsy ODservmg
these little elegancies we shall feel, an
ever increasing respect for ourselves and
j each, other. Exchange.
The following striking interpretation
I w' v
the ablest preacher could present it :
PEAYEB A UXIVEESAL IXSTTJfCT.
There is, just at present, a particularly
animated discussion going on as
province and efficacy of prayer.
it is very easy for unbelievers to ridicule
I r J . vi .... 1..
or san8hine r
nra inr rain r i inps 1 r. RinnrHinincr wnen
X . . . . .. . .
Then they laugh at the idea that a uni -
verse which is manifestly governed bv gen -
eral laws should be influenced by special
Tn renlv to all this it may be stated that
all spiritual and religious affairs are envel-
oped in mystery. We see them as through
a glass, darkly.
But what seems to us a very powerful
J argument in favor of prayer, and, indeed,
unanswerable, is tbe universal instinct to
fall down before a higher power and peti-
tion for help and relief under afflictions for
which there is no bnman remedy.
By the deathbed of our beloved who
would not pray 1
Then it will not do to make light of
nravfir- i.ii xi.i,tiiiiii. lu nil it. iiih liih wnuie
1 ""', V r" "iVL " j: "
worm ou us jluccb , iui an a.c caiui auu diu-
ner the revered pastor and the pirate in
a storm supplicate tne same toa ior ior -
I giveness and preservation. .
How , to Detect Adoxteextiox iar
Ground Coffee. Take. a little of the
coffee and press it between the fingers, or
give it a squeeze in the paper in which it
is bought ; if genuine, it will not form a
coherent mass, as coffee grains are hard
and do not readily adhere to each other;
but if the grains stick to each other and
form a sort of "cake," we may be sure of
adulteration in the shape of chicory, for
the grains of chicory are softer and more
open, and adhere without difficulty when
squeezed. Again, ii we piace a ie w grains
in a saucer and moisten them with a little
cold water, chicory will very quickly be
come soft like bread crumbs, while coffee
will take a long time to soften. A third
test : Take a wineglass or a tumblerful of
water, and gently drop a pinch of the
ground coffee on tbe surface of the water
without stirring or agitation; genuine
coffee will float for some time, while chico
ry or any other soft root will soon sink;
and chicory or caramel will cause a yel
lowish or browning color to diffuse rapid
ly through the water," while pure coffee
will give no sensible tint under' such cir
cumstances for a considerable length of
time. -Fooa ana Health. :
" 5 "Various Items. 1 ' r v :
The flesh of a rjike Tecently caught in5
the North Sea has been found to be full of
trichinae. The parasites are : supposed u to-
have been introduced in the fish s.bcy in
offal eaten by it.
L: r1? De always intenamg w
live, a new.
life, but never to find time to set about it
-ihia is as ii a mac should put off eating
and dr inking and sleeping from one day
and night to another, till he is starved and
destroyed. Ttuotaonii y-a ri c-;;.
The Japanese method of cooking rice is;
an artin itself. The rice is barely covered
with cold water, and allowed to boil slowly
until the last drop of water has boiled,
away. Just 'tl&e-instanr-before it com-!
mences to burn the" lid is w removed, me
rice turned into1 a colander'- and shaken,
and every grain will be found separate. fi
Do not let your laundress' or washer
woman put clothes into the blueing, water
until they have been well shaken: if tossed
in while folded as they come through thej
tvot . i .wy- , V "IF r
streaked with blueing, and although after
wnnarer thev are almost certain 10 ue
repeated washing these? -streak will come
outi'every one knows : how aggravating it
is to use napkins or handkerchiefs that
show traces of careless washing. . , , t. , ,
"Yes,' whispered , the boy Q Mr. Bar
num. "I'm ready to pay ior ray ucsev,
but I want the privilege lof going in by
crawling under the tent." Ahd Mr. Bar
num agreed, and ordered the guards not
to interfere with the lad; and alter the
boy had performed the teat Mr. Barnum
went inside and asked his reasons, tor it,
and the lad explained that he had - got
over $7 bet with the boys ! who-had tried
the crawl and failed, that; he would suc
ceed in it. .... "',:- fi, -
The origin of the word "newspaper',' ia
not, as many suppose, from the fact of its
containing new things; but in a former
time (1795 to 1830), it was the custom to
put over the periodical publications of the
day the initial letters of the compass,
N. E. W. S., to show that the journal- had
information from all quarters of the globe
North, East, West and South. Hence
the use of the word news before all papers
of general information. - '.nw --u
Mr. Charles Endicott once asked a very
intelligent lady : in San 1 Francisco what
she considered the cause of the. looseness
of the marriage tie and frequency of divorce
in California, and she replied :, "lhe power
of money: that extinguishes true affeo
. -7. . ....
tion, sentiment, sense ot justice and cbastl-
tv." Confucius once said: "Unless the
hearthstone be pure and the household well
regulated, the moral health ot the nation
cannot long be sustained." '
USsT Margery Dean writes from New
port : "Can we get something to drink
spring down thar a piece, m arm. , I'm
temperance, marm, ana so oe tney at tue
store. "But we are 'temperance too,
I and we only want some bottled soda, or
some syrups ; tney are not intoxicating,
I nnn lr r t-l XTT ' ' V Alna A, A W PA V . .
I jrvru. n.uunr. . 1 1J uv, iiuouisB uu ,
but we don't sell no such things in bot-
1 ties. ; Mebbe they're not intoxicating, but
I ll t 1 A .l 1 A
I mar s a leauiu tuaw way; vuu u ueiwr eo
I . ... . . . . 1 .
to tne spring u you are inirsiy, young
I nrnman 11 ...
Cabs of the Ear. People who are in
clined to deafness should live apart from
the loud noises of railroads, factories, iron
mills, etc They should avoid with great
care exposure to cold and damp, and
especially should not wear thin shoes in
walking on damp ground or saturated
brick pavements. Children ought never
to be struck on the head with the palm of
the hand, even in sport ; sudden deafness
results sometimes from boxing the ears,
as well as the rupture of the ; tympanum.
witeu iub tttuueo jar or snocjc Wltn , tne
concussion of air on the ear drives m the
stape3 or inner bone, destroying its func
viou sou uiuiiuiauiuK iue Beusiuuiiy oi tne
nerves. A snow-ball thrown with force on
the ear, or an accidental blow with a ball
I or bat. may e&ailv cause deafnAa. A M
in.l.Ui n..rnac. ; .t.Aniii ii. :r
i iuvisbosb uo.uvoo, w ouvruiu ug iuiueu ii
possible. Delicate persons should avoid
a v. .1 :
1 urugm,uu tue ears, Bituugm wet cioines,
1 sudden changes from tbe heated attnos-
phere of crowded rooms to cold winds, and
I otner similar exposures.
j Industrious housewives, who are given
J to oiling and polishing furniture, will do
I wen to wuow tnia on, oi aavice irom tne
Practical Farmer: .. .
I "Dirty or oily cloths or rags should not
be allowed to lie in outbuildings in small
piles. There is great danger of spontaneous
I combustion. If yon wish to know what
I spontaneous combustion is, ask your drug-
I gist for a bit of phosphorus the size of . a
I Dea Keep it under water until you wish
I to see it burn ; now take it out and place
1 1. ' i j . v
U utlUl Z" Z' C "71 . 1r' KVMW
i ii on 2 imkuh hi urv iJtix.ru ni rnin ai orwwi
ib w in vegiii w biuum iu but warm piaCO !
I take it out in the sun of a warm day and
1 it taices nre immediately, and the heat from
I it is intense. It is a dangerous thing to
handle, uned cloths irom machine shops
take fire spontaneously in a similar way
They generate heat in warm weather
when piled up, enough to set themselves,
a i i Mi! - . -
and the building
in which they( are, on
SSf A new cotton cleaner is in opera
tion at Charleston. It consists of a shaft
upon which are set a number of white oak
flanges, shaped similarly to the flakes of a
propeller. This is surrounded by a wire
screen. .The cotton is fed in by a hopper
at one end, and after being thoroughly
cleaned passes out of a chate at the other
end. As soon as the cotton enters the
cylindrical screen the shaft is revolved
rapidly, and the dirt and trash is whipped
out of the cotton and driven by the cen
trifugal force imparted by the revolution
of the shaft through the little openings in
the screen. The dirtiest cotton placed in
this machine come3 out of the other end as
white as snow and with its staple nnin
jured. -. J- V,') 'i-.'.'.yl
II a man will let matters take their
course, he may live smoothly and quietly
enongh ; but if he will sift things to the
bottom, he mast account himself a man of
strife.CVaX , , f 4