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3- V ";i ; 1: ' i H ten vo t- y i WWW 1 ' ' : f : J 'I' i'f V OLD SERIES : VOLUME XXX; THE Charlotte Home and Democrat, Published every Friday by J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor. o Terms Two Dollars for one year. One Dollar for six months. Subscription price due in advance. o "Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte. N. C, as second class matter," according to the ruiea oi me r. vs. uepartment. ROBERT GIBBON, M. D , CHARLOTTE. N. C, , (Office corner Uh and Tryon Streets,) Tenders his professional services to the public, as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or operate in au tne amerent departments of Sur gery. March 5, 1881. ly Dr. JOHN H. McADEN, Wholesale and Retail Druggist, CHARLOTTE, N. C., Has on hand a large and well selected stock of rUKE UKUUS, Chemicals. Patent Medicines. Family Medicines, Paints, Oits, Varnishes, Dye Dtuns, jrancy ana rouet Articles, which he is de termined to sell at the very lowest prices. Jan 1, 1879. DR. T. C. SMITH, Druggist and Pharmacist, Keeps a full line of Puie Drugs and Chemicals, wnite Lieaa ana uoiors, Machine and Tanners' Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he win sell at low prices. March 28, 1879. J. P. McCombs, M. D , , . . Offers his professional services to the citizens of Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls, both night and day, promptly attended to. Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite tne (jnariotte Hotel. Jan. 1, 1873. DR. J. M. MILLER, Charlotte, N C. All calls promptly answered day and night. Office over Traders' National Bank Residence opposite W. R. Myers'. Jan. 18, 1878. DR. M. A. BLAND, Dentist, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte uotei. Oas used for the painless extraction of teeth. Feb 15, 1878. DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Practice Limited to the EYE, EAR AND THROAT. March 18, 1881. A. BCBWELL. P. D. WALKER. BURWELL & WALKER, Attorneys at Law, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Will practice in the State and Federal Courts, Office adjoining Court House. Nov 5, 1880. WILSON & BURWELL, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Druggists, Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C, Have a large and complete Stock of everything -pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale and retail. Oct 7, 1880. HALES & FARRIOR, Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers, Charlotte, N. C, Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair nrices. Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c, done promptly, and satisfaction assured. Store next to Springs' corner building. July 1, 1879. SPRINGS & BURWELL, Grocers and Provision Dealers, Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses, Syrups, Mackerel. Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard, Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we oner to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar gest buyers. Jan 17, 1880. j. Mclaughlin, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Groceries, Provisions, &c, College Street, Charlotte. N. C. Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash, and buys Country Produce at highest market price. C5T" Cotton and other country Produce sold on commission and prompt returns made. Nov. 1, 1881. John VanLandingham, Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant. In Sanders & Blackwood's Building, North College St , Charlotte, N. C. March 26, 1881. H. W. HARRIS, Attorney at Law, CHARLOTTE. N. C. Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo site uourt iiouse. Sept 2, 1881. Smpd Charlotte Marble Works. W. G. BERRYHILL, Charlotte, N. C, Dfealer in MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE STONES, and MARBLE-WORK of every description. Having just returned from the North, where I urcbased a large assortment of fine Monuments, Larble Slabs, and a good assortment of Stone in toy line. I am prepared to offer fair terms to suit the times, to persons wanting work in my line, and guarantee satisfaction. I have in my employ some ot tne oest workmen 10 oe iouna in tne Southern States. W. G. BERRYHILL. Sept 16, 1881. Smpd Feas and Pea MeaL The very best food for horses and cows. For sale by JOHN VANLANDINGHAM Aug. 19.1881. Central Hotel Barber Shop. GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonaorial Art in its various branches. He and his assistant Artists are so well known for their skill that it needs no multiplicity of words to inform the public where beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut and dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch." Give him a trial. GRET TOOLE. July 29, 1881. Under Central Hotel. Comfort If the night is dreary, It leads to the day; If the heart is weary, It learns to pray. If, standing lonely, The tears fall fast, We know it is only Till life is past. Tis all in the measure Of each day's share The pain and the pleasure, The joy and despair. We lose on the morrow The ache of to-day ; The sweet and the bitter Mast both pass away. NEW MILLINERY. We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock of Millinery Goods, Containing all the latest styles and qualities of Ladies', Misses and Children's . Hats and Bonnets. Also, all the novelties for trimmin? : Feathers. r lowers, itiDDons, Bilk, Flashes, Batins, Orna ments, etc. Also, our usual laree and attractive stock of White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear, uioves ana Hosiery, Corsets, Shawls Cloaks, Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies' Mus lin Underwear just received, that we are offering at very low prices. UCl. 14. 1SH1. MKS. f. UUJSBY. ALEXANDER & HARRIS Are now stock of opening a very large and beautiful Dress Goods. LADIES' NECKWEAR, a tremendous stock of Table Linens, all grades. A large stock of Marseilles Quilts. All kinds of Flannels Basket, Opera and Plain. Thej are making a specialty of Ready-Made Clothing For Gentlemen and Youths, this season. They have Hoop-Skirts, White Goods, Laces. Embroideries of all kinds, and other goods too numerous to mention Carpets, &c. Remember we have a large stock of Carpets ; also cheap Cassimeres, Jeans, Ac, for pants and suits. "Foster" Kid Gloves, patented June 13th, 1876. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid Gloves, the best in the market. ALEXANDER & HARRIS. Sept 30, 1881. J. C. Burroughs Offers to the public the celebrated Universal and Star Cotton Gins Sept. 23, 1881. 2m. Cotton 12.1-2. From all persons indebted to me for Fertilizers, I will receive Middling Cotton at 12 cents per pound. j. j. jls u 1UU u ImS. Sept 30, 1881. 4w SEED RYE. 200 Bushels SEED RYE for sale by SPRINGS & BURWELL. Sept. 16, 1881. Attention Farmers! Call at Kyle & Hammond's Hardware House and examine their "Dexter Corn Shelters" and "Feed Cutters" the latest and best out. Also, new style adjustable Iron Foot Plow Stocks, a great improvement on those sold in this market last season. We have a heavy Stock of Steel Plows, Clevises Single Trees, Steel and Iron Harrow Teeth, Htel Drews, Gross Rods, &c, which we can ana will sell to the Farmers at prices lower than they can possibly afford to make them. Jan. 1, 1881. KYLE & 11AMMUJSU. Blacksmiths' Tools. We have a complete stock of Blacksmiths' Tools of the best quality and at prices that will put them within the reach of every Farmer. XOV. 1, 1880. HXLitt flB nAMAlUJMlJ. Rubber Belting. A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of ICope at bottom prices. NOV 1, 1880. B hi AM 31 (JiM V. Just Received AT TIDDYS CITY BOOK STORE A well selected Stock of WRITING PAPER, Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools cap, which they propose to eell cheap lor cash. Also. French Paper of every description with Envelopes to match. Also, raper in boxes, to suit tne most fastidious. SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK. A standard treatise upon the laws of good society in New York. CONGRESS TIE ENVELOPES a new lot just received. Edward Todd & Co.'s Celebrated Rubber Pens, A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen. TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents forEmer- s an's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS; and any orders given them will receive prompt atten tion. ST Cash paid for Rags. Administrators' Notice. Having Qualified as Administrator on the Es tate of Capt Alexander Uner, notice is nereby given to all persons indebted to the Estate of said Alexander Grier to make immediate settlement ; and all persons having claims against said Estate must present them for payment within the time prescribed by law, or this notice will be pleaded in bar or tneir recovery. J. . wa, i . A. UKiHitt, Sent 9. 1881. 6wpd Administrators. Carriages, Phaetons, Buggies, &c. I have a good supply ot CARRIAGES, PHOTONS, BUGGIES, and Spring Wagons, of the latest style & superior workmanship. Call and exam ine the work. CHAS. WILSON, Sb., College Street. in front of Sanders & Blackwood's Warehouse, Jan 14,1881 Charlotte, N. C. CHARLOTTE, N. Some Poor Children. We owe more to poor children than we think. Columbus was a poor bov. often needing more food than he could get. gem so precious. Titles and honor confer Luther sang ballards in the street to get upon the heart no such serene happinees. the funds for an education. Franklin nsed Iu our darkest moments, when disappoint to buy a roll for a penny and eat it alone, ment and ingratitude, with corroding care, Lincoln ana uarneid were poorly clothed and worked very bard. Dr. Livingston learned Latin from a book on his loom -J I while at work. Emily C. Judson nsed to rise at two in the morning and do the washing for the family. Gambetta was poor and slept in an attic. Lucy Larcon was a factory girl. Dr. Holland was poor and a schoolteacher. Capt. Eads was bare-foot and penniless at nine years old. None of these people have been idle or whiled away their time on the street corners, or in game of cards or billiards. They were too busy. Youth's Compan ion Mothers and nurses cannot be too careful about the soap they use on the lit tle ones, r ew but physicians know how many of the so-called skin diseases among; children are caused by use of adulterated4 poisonous soap. An analysis of several cakes of the pretty and perfumed toilet soaps that are sold on the streets showed the presence of ground glass, soluble glass, silex, pipe clay, rotten stone, borax, plas ter of Pans, tin crystal, magnesia, pumice stone, oat meal, and other substances, which are added to give the soap weight, hardness, toughness, or clearness. The common colorings are vermilion, Venetian red and carmine, ultramarine green, pot pigment green, copperas, Spanish brown, ultramarine blues, yellow and scarlet ani lines, and burnt umber. Many of the perfuming ingredients, though harmless in themselves, become chemically poisonous by admixture. Adding the dangers from all these to the rancid, diseased, putrid qualities of grease nsed, and mothers may well be appalled at the permanent evils these neat-looking, delicately scented blocks of toilet soap contain, ready to be released whenever moistened and applied to the babe's body. The Kissingen bees may boast of fully as proud a record in the history of war as its waters do in that of hygiene. In 1642, during the Thirty Years' War, the town was hard pressed by the Swedes, its high walls offering ' but little protec tion for the small garrison against the bold Scandinavians. A citizen, Peter Hein by name, in a moment of imminent danger. conceived the bold idea of collecting the numerous bee-hives in town, for the pur pose of throwing them among a storming party of the besiegers, lhis was done, and the enraged bees caused such havoc among the Swedes as to induce them to abandon the siege. The man who sits down on the road to success and waits for a free ride will get left. Cotton Gins Insured AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE. The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In surance on Uotton Uins or Mills run eitner oy steam or water. This is an important matter to farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their attention is especially called to it. J2. iN Ii UUTUliieUJN, Sept, 9 1881. Agent. MERCHANTS ! Halt I Read ! Ponder ! The Drought, so universally prevailing both in North Carolina and the upper portion of South Carolina, are themes for your most serious con sideration, when making this Fall's Purchases. To buy light is tne great point ; but to buy light and at lowest prices is almost an impossibility in Northern markets. There Quantity Rules Prices." but you have a "Home Market where your purchases, however small, will be appreciat ed. Charlotte is your nome marKet ana vv ut kowsky & Baruch s the House. In purchasing ol us you avoid tne danger ot tne "Brisk Trade Infection" of the North, and are less liable to be wrecked on "This Year's most dangerous Rock of Overbuying." You can from us make up your assortment with halt tne amount that you can at the North. There you have to buy from a dozen or more houses, each one of whom worries you into buying more Goods than you want ; here you can get your whole stock from us in as small quantities as you please. We present you a Stock in value of over 3U0,- 000 to make your selections from, and from our large experience, ample capital and superior facilities, we assert our ability to cope with any mai ket. We manufacture our own Clothing and had manufactured for us specially our Boots and Shoes and Hats, and therefore not only offer you Supe rior Goods, but at less price than others. All our Stocks are now complete, and we hope our old customers and new ones will avail them selves this season of their "Own Home Market. WITTKOWSKY & BARUCH. Sept 9, 1881. Charlotte, N. C. He-No Tea. A fresh Chest of He-No-Tea just received by WILSON & BURWELL, Sept 30, 1881. Sole Agenta. Cotton Gins. A lot of the improved Griswold Gins, made by O. W. Massey of Macon, Ga., just received and for sale by J. McLAUGHLIN, Agent. Aug. 26, 1881. Hargraves & Wilhelm. NEW GOODS. Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand somest and cheapest ever offered in this market. It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs, in all shades and qualities. Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim mings is the most varied and attractive ever seen in this city. Cloaks, Dolmans, Ulsters, Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks, in all qualities and shades. Shawls, Balmorals. Repellants, Cloakings, Oil Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets, Velveteens, Plush, &c. A complete line of Flannels, Cassimeres, Da masks and Towels. A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck wear. We have an immense stock of Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing, That we are selling at extremely low prices. All we ask the public and our patrons is to give our stock a careful inspection. They will find the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods ever shown in this place. We will save you money by calling to see us. All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents. HARGRAVES & WILHELM. Sept 30, 1881. -m-,-'- Mosquito Netts ! A large variety, j ust received , very cheap at BARRINUER & TROTTER'S. July 22, 1881. C, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1881. Tribute to Woman. "Oh. the priceless value of the love of a pure woman! Gold cannot mirchase a gather thick around, and even the gaunt form of poverty menaces with his skeleton I m augers, u gieams arounu me soui wun an angel's smile. Time cannot mar its bril- liancy, distance but strengthens its in- flueuce, bolts and bars cannot limit its i -. i , .i i i ... i progress; it follows the prisoner into his the National Capital, and now that idea dark cell, and sweetens the home morsel has crystallized into a maxim that Wash that appeases his hunger, and in the silence ington City is one of the most insalubrious of midnight it plays around his heart, and in his dreams he folds to hia bosom the I lorm of her who loves on still, though the I world has turned coldly from him. ; The couch made by the hand of the loved one I is solt to the .weary limbs ot the sick sot-1 ferer, and the potion achninistered by the I same nanas loses nan its mtterness. rne pillow carefully adjusted by her brings repose to the fevered brain, and her words of kind encouragement revive the sinking spirit. It would almost seem that God, compassionating woman s first great J frailty, had planted this jewel in her breast, whose heavenlike influence should cast into forgetfulness man's remembrance to the fall, by building up in his heart another Eden where perennial flowers forever bloom and crystal waters gush from ex haustless fountains." . A Touching Romance. A poor young girl came one day into one of the bureaux of the Mont-de-Piete of Paris to pawn a bundle of clothes upon which they gave her only three francs. For fifteen consecutive years she came regularly to pay the interest on this mod est sum, amounting to a lew centimes, without having sufficient cash ,to redeem the clothes. The administration, struck by the care that she took to preserve this little deposit of clothing, sought informa tion concerning her, and learned that work ing unceasingly at her miserable home in a poor little den, this ouvnere in linen, good and honest, was- scarce able to earn enough to supply her daily liv ing, and that in spite of her toils and pains, she had never been able, in fif teen years time, to raise the three francs necessary to redeem htr precious little bundle. There was evidently in the conduct of this little woman, so labo rious and so good, and yet beautiful, a noble courage which took its source in noble sentiments. They requested her to come before the administration of the Mont-de-Piete, and there she was asked to take away, without payment, the mod est bundle of necessaries of which she had been so long deprived. It was then that they comprehended the beautiful spirit of this unfortunate. The little bundle was composed of a petticoat and a woman's fichu of some cheap stuff". Scarcely was it opened when she took these things in both hands and covered them with kisses, melting into tears. This was all that was left to her by her poor mother who had died fifteen years previously, and in order to preserve these precious relics, she had borne religiously her pious tribute, as one goes to the cemetery to place flowers upon the tomb of a loved one on the day of a funeral anniversary. Northern Slavery. A recent glance at the U. S. census of 1800 recalls the curious fact that there then remained ten slaves in Vermont ; 400 in Rhode Island ; 1000 in Connecticut; 18,000 in New Jer- sev: lo.uuu in JNew xorK. ana zuuu in Pennsylvania. , There were 160 in New Hampshire in 1790. Charity is like money tne more we stand in need of it, the less we have to give ! W. A. TRUSLOW, Jeweler and Watch Repairer, CHARLOTTE, N. C., Respectfully announces that, having succeeded E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Jew ;lry business, he has just added to his stock of -' Watches, Jewelry. Silverware, CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c, And he hopes by close attention to business and fair dealing to merit a share of patronage. Fifteen years constant experience in the WATCH REPAIRING Department enables him Xo fuUy warrant every Watch entrusted to him. Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street, near the Square. Oct. 7, 1881. tf BURGESS NICHOLS, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in FURNITURE, BEDDING, &o. I have now in Store a well selected stock em bracing everything found in a First-class Furniture Store, Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges, Tet-a-Tets. Whatnots. Marble and Wood Top Tables, Dining Tab es, Washstands, Bureaus, Wardrobes, Book Cases, xc. tW CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads at prices to suit the times. I respectfully solicit a share of patronage. ALSO, COFFINS ef all grades kept on hand ready made. No. 5 West Trade Street, J n 19, 1881 Charlotte, N. C. REMOVAL TO THE NEW STOBE. We have now removed to the large double Store-room, on College street, directly opposite to our old stand, and will be glad to see all our old friends and customers, and nope to make many new ones. This store has been spe cially fitted up with new, strong floors. ' A large Elevator and many other improvements, making it one of the best arranged houses in the city to display our goods. We will continne to keep in stock, Implements of Various Kinds. Steel, cast . and Roland . Chilled turning Plows, Cultivators, Harrows, Grain Drills, Feed Cutters, Champion Reapers and Mowers, Horse Rakes, &c. Headquarters in the (State for the celebrated unrivaled TENNESSEE WAGON. A full line of GRASS SEEDS Rust Proof Wheat and Oats, Rye, &c. ' We store cotton and handle goods on commis sion, and guarantee prompt sales and correct re turns on all consignments. J. G. 8HANNONHOUSE, Agent, Charlotte Co-Opera tire Association, Oct 14, 1881. A Defence of Washington City. By Col John W. Forney in PhiL Progress. . liver since the attack nion the life of President Garfield, renewed after hia death, there has been a concerted effort to revive the prejudice against the health of V ashington City. Although the Pres ident was shot at the railroad station near the corner of Sixth Street and Pennsvl-1 J 1 nveuue, irom toe moment ne. was removed to the White House. the cry was ! raised that he would certainly die from malaria if he was permitted to remain in a . r . i spots in the United States. President Arthur himself has unconsciously given credence to" this belief by taking hp', bis residence on Capitol ' Hill, in the tine ! building erected by Benjamin F. Butler on JMew Jersey Avenue, now' occupied by Senator Jones of Nevada. " Having lived niygeu on mis ver spot, ana tor more than twenty years in other quarters of Washington City, at all seasons, winter and summer,' I feel impelled to say a few words in vindication, not only of the place itself, but of its wholesome atmosphere, delightful geographical position, and al- together interesting environs and history. une iact deserves conspicuous remem brance at the present time: that there is no record at any period when the National Capital has suffered from an epidemic. Other cities have been swept by the cholera, and some by yellow fever, but the exception has always been that of Washington. Norfolk and Baltimore have frequently been fatally assailed by contagion, and yet Washington City, in their very neighborhood, has escaped The yellow fever drove Washington and his Cabinet from Philadelphia, in 1793, to Germantown, and there is no doubt that the recollection of the historic health of the beautiful vicinity afterwards se lected as the seat of the National Govern ment induced its early choice by the fathers of the republic. The dry season which is just closing distributed malaria all over the country, and Washington City could be no exception : but it is a remarkable circumstance, that notwith standing the extraordinary and almost universal drought, the general health of the whole world has been excellent, and i t aansrerous levers nave almost been un known. The reasons which prompted the decis ion in favor of the present site of the Na tional Capital are historical, and although many efforts have since been made to re move it to a more central point, the objec tion was reserved tor the present time, that it occupies a very unbealthv posi tion. There was a protracted conflict in congress nearly a hundred . years ago over the claims of other localities. At one time Wrightsville, on the Susquehanna River, opposite Columbia, Lancaster coun ty, Pennsylvania, was the favorite, and at another time Germantown, at present in Philadelphia city, was almost decided upon. But at last, by the act of Con gress of March 30th, 1791, the ten mile square on the Maryland side of the Poto mac was selected by Presideut Washing rrtn i n noraAn and nallal ottoi hia nam a and on the 15th of April the same year the corner-stone of what was then called the Federal Territory was laid by three commissioners appointed by the Presi dent, together with the officials of Alex ander, Virginia. In the following year the lines of the boundary directed by Washington's own proclamation were permanently marked by square-mile stones. Major rJi.nfant, a Jb rench engineer, pre pared the topographical plan of Washing ton City, under the direction of the Pres ident and lhomas Jefferson, his Secretary of State. Those who have enioved the beautiful plan of the city of Versailles, about fifteen miles from Paris, b ranee, can realize the spirit with which the French engineer made that lovely place the model of the present city of Washing ton, when he adopted it as the idea of our National Capital. No President ever died in the White House from dis ease contracted there. When the city itself was confessedly imperfect and ill built, its drainage bad, its ' avenues and streets unpaved, its water inferior, its fire department unorganized, and its ap proaches all by common roads, the Presi dent's mansion was airy, clean, salubrious, and admirably policed, and it is no worse to-day, when the city is changed and puri fied in all other respects. How well I re member those good old days. How pleas ing it is to quietly recall the living ghosts of the deathless dead as in memory's mir ror they pass through tho great saloons at the levees and receptiorjs and drawing rooms of bygone times 1 The soldiers, statesmen, diplomats, scholars, travellers, and artists: the beautiful women, the wives and daughters of the great men, all gone; hardly one left to tell the story of toe vanished years I ine rresi dential mansion in these days, if not a m " great palace, was at least a very comiorta ble and very safe and agreeable home. A Truly Devoted Wife. A woman in New Orleans found her husband lying in a state of intoxication in an ally. Instead of being exasperated, she gently tnrned him over to a comfortable position, and, running her hand into his vest pocket, she extracted a $20 bill and remarked : "I reckon I've got the dead wood on that new bonnet I've been suffer in' for." She made a straight streak for the nearest millinery shoo. Strong men wiped the moisture from their eyes at her heroic devotion to a husband who had, by strong drink, brought himself so low as to neglect to provide his wife with the common neces saries of life. BT Think how the journalist is laid under daily necessity for fresh and sound utterance. Are two sermons a week a more tremendous strain upon us than sev en editorials upon him? - No chance for "old sermons" with an editor either. He regards his editorials as equally important, in their own way, with the telegraphic news. His readers may view the matter otherwise: but to him. and to the success of his paper, the editorial is no subordinate part of his work. I hold that the sermon bears much the same relation to the rest of the service for it is a part of the service as the editorial does to the news. James II: Van JBuren, in the Church man. VOLUME How the Japanese Cover their Floors. In Japan the floors are universally hid- den by the tatami or bedded mats. These are of regulation size throughout the empire, and in building a house the rooms are divided off so as to hold a cer tain numoer ot these units ot noor meas ure. A tatami is exactly hve leet nine i .u r f i j. llltTIIf.M 111111 - L.IIir?tf ItKL Willi. M. 1 1 1 1 I W 1 1 Mill! one-half inches thick, or in round numbers and Japanese measure, 6x3x2. The only difference between the mats that cover the imperial floor and those of the cottagers is that lha fnmar oka araiir in siva nH Ann- ered with a gayer border. In ordinary In the palace it is white. Even the throne of that defunct official, the tycoon, as well as the place ot eminence of the mikado, whom he imitated, was only a square. padded mat, a few inches higher than common, ana edgea .witb ; variegated colors.;- - : ' . o... A Japanese floor being so substantially covered, need be only of cheap, un planed wood, laid without mortices. 1 his floor is two and a half inches below the grooved sills in which the ' door, or rather parti &tel int'Q thi8 huge pan 80 to B'esb tions, slide. Hinges are used only on I which the floor makes the mats are laid and fit snugly together, lying with their surface level with the sills or grooves. The mats are the household property of the tenants, as landlords rent the houses uncarpeted, as we do. In case of a fire, npnnle nnll nn thpsfi pxnpnsiv ornampnts and run. A collection of tatami usually requires tne first outlay of a Japanese couple toward housekeeping. Often these exquisitely clean and Boft mats are the chief, if not the only article of furniture in certain rooms. The Chinese for centuries have used chairs and lounges, but the Japanese eschew these luxuries, using the floor and its covering for ceremony and the occasions of eating, drinking and sleeping. The tatami serve tor tables, bedsteads, chairs and lounging purposes. In palace and in hut, alike guiltless of sitting ma chinery, has grown up that elaborate sys tem of etiquette and ceremonial, renowned over the world. Only by the generals in the field were folding camp-chairs used. In the monastery the abbot sat in state Or for reflection, in the arm-chair. 1 he Japauese have the word "koshi-kake (back-rester,) but there is no general word nor equivalent for our simple.' word "chair." Most of the obsequious and ex aggerated politeness of these Oriental islanders may be thus mechanically ac counted for. If the superior is no higher than the floor the inferior must bow low indeed. To salute properly, indoors, one must turn his head into a temporary tack-hammer and pound vigorously on the floor. These tatami last nearly a lifetime, as they are trodden on not with boots, but only with socks. Every traveler in Japan is charmed with these soft, clean, durable mats. Every gentleman, native or for eign, removes his shoes, clogs or sandals before he imprints them. Stocking feet is the rule indoors, and the native socks are more thickly soled than ours. The cus tom of wearing boots is rapidly driving the "civilized" natives to banish tatami and lay down carpets. An English lady traveler recently speaks of these mats as being "soft ' as Axminister carpets ;" though her statement that they are "as expensive as Brussels carpet" is an exag- geration. There being by the last census over 7,000,000 houses in Japan, and each house averaging at a low computation thirty tatamis, there are over 210,000,000 of these mats, or in area 420,000,000 square yards. They are the very emblems of Biieuue auu uieauiiuenB, auu laouiuu uiajr some day demand that the tatami find a place in our houses, churches and hos pitals. Spontaneous Combustion of Charcoal. Among the substances subject to spon taneous combustion, according to the Fireman's Journal, pulverized charcoal is said to be one of the moBt remarkable. Incidental to this phenomenon a story is told that a load of charcoal was delivered in n onthnn nf a r.lrrvman in Leinaic. . . o J - -j and showed no signs of burning until the door by accident was left open, when the wind , blew sprinklings of snow on the charcoal. The rapid absorption of oxygen from the melting snow caused the char coal to ignite, and as the day was windy the whole range of buildings was burned to ashes. In this connection a fruitful and unsuspected source of fire suggests itself to those of our American house keepers who burn wood as fuel, and who store the ashes in boxes or barrels. The accidental disturbing of such ashes, even after years, will cause them to ignite, pro - vided the air is damp or toggy. ine phosphuret of potash from decayed wood renders wood ashes highly inflammable, and mysterious cellar fires in the rural districts are, no doubt, in some cases, caused by this form of spontaneous com bustion. George Washington's Carriage. It may not be generally known that one of the citizens of New York is the owner of the carriage in which Washington made his tour of the Southern States in 1791. It was built by White of Philadelphia, and was regarded by him as a masterpiece. In a lourney ot nearly z,uuu miies, it is said that not a screw or bolt started. In the towns and villages along the route the appearance of the "white chariot,", driven by John Fagan, Washington's trusted coachman, was the signal for general re- joicing. Of the three carriages in which Washington was won to appear in public, this one alone remains, and it is in a won- derful state of preservation. The others were cut up into canes at the time of Wash ington's death. The carnage is now in Philadelphia, and I understand that Mr. Benjamin Richardson, the owner, has written to the foreign visitors to the Yorktown clebration inviting them to in spect it. The following is a sure remedy for kick ing cows: Buckle a stout leather strap around the cow's body just in front of the bss: It is impossible for her to kick, be cause the strap hinders the contraction the larger muscles on the underside of the body. XI. NUMBER 548 iV-.a Various Items. ; . - .t : The achirus, a kind of flat fish, in the . East and West Indies has no air bladder, and consequently remains always at the' bottom of the sea. v-n E ;,u,in j A row of guncotton reaching f roia1 Edin-; burgh to London, it is 6aid; could be fired in two minutes, so rapid is the trans mission of i detonation from one par$ ,tO; another. .: .jt.yff n ;? i Mechanical vibration is said to ! be otu use in curing neuralgia. A", tapping , oyer f. ine nerve cnanges tne siaie oi irrij.a. ; Our "devil"" says if the "young lady, would sack him without hurting his feel ings let her give me the saok she has on, contents included. I . r uw iu ;.'..? A Western man, an ex-Congressman, thiuks that the buffalo could, tbo; domesti cated and that it would make much better beef than the flesh of the ox.: ; t I A few ' days ' ago a party of trackmen working on the Old Colony Railroad1 at Dighton, Mass.,; found nnder one of the ties six certified bank checks that were lost in June. . .. . . The sowing of forest pine seeds has been begun by the Shakers at Enfield, Conn., and the State authorities are considering plans for ' encouraging this needed in dustry. ' 1 ;; " -''SVI'-'- ' a recent survey oi tne r inrne ai j? ran conia, N H, shows ihat many of the ledges in the vicinity are largely composed of as fine a quality of granite as can be found In u all Scotland. 4 ?t!- ,-, , , , ; -u ,tj .;,,,;-. . In one of the Switzerland land slides a whole tract of wood slipped down a lu.ll . side and spread over some meadows with-: out uprooting or even injuring -the trees,1' thus converting at one stroke a tract of pasturage into a piece of forest land. To cure bunions use pulverized Saltpetre' and sweet oil. Obtain at a druggist five ' or six cents worth of saltpetre ; put into ft i bottle with sufficient olive oil ,.to .dissolve, it, shake up well, and rub the inflamed joints night and morning, and more fre quently if painful, h , i,j - t ' Smooth, strong and pliable parchment can be made from the palmetto of Florida ' and the other Southern States. It can be ; washed, rubbed and handled like a cloth, and the writing will not be effaced. As much as 60 per cent, of the palmetto can be utilized in the process. ;' A rich Catalan capitalist, long resident of Cuba, died there recently, and is re ported to have left his fortune of $12,000, 000 to be divided among four negroes, formerly his slaves, who once saved . hia life from a wildcat while r he was out hunting.'"- . :'-f -v5"'";-" -- ; The saltiness of the sea is caused by the chloride of sodium and other soluble salts continually flowing into the sea from rivers and 6pnngs. As evaporation carries none oi these salts back, they accumulate. The Bea.waler in arctic 'TegoJm U le88 8alj than in the tropics, owing to the melting of ice-bergs. The Heavenly Home. . - It is not the walls of the building in which you live that makes your , earthly home, but the com Dan v of those vou love. A little boy about four or five years old, - wa8 returning from school1 one day. He ' bounded into the house, exclaiming as he hung his bat up in the entry : " This is my home I this is my home 1" A lady was then on a visit to his moth er, and was sitting in the parlor. K She said I to mm I . j " Willie, the house next door is just the same as this ; suppose you go in there and hang your hat up in. the lobby ; wouldn't that be your home as well as this ?" . ; "No, ma'am," said Willie, very earn estly, " it would not." , M Why not?" asked the lady! " What makes this house our home more than that?" . ." --:-;--: v'' TOM!!. 1 3 At t. . . 1 1 V "e uau never W mis oeiore. ""T - iTiT f t- F hia mother, and throwing his arms around her neck, said : ' " Because my dear mother lives here 1" It is the presence and company of those we love which makes our earthly home and it is just. so with our heavenly home that home which our dear Saviour has gone to prepare for the children of ' God. Tremor of Great Orators. . It is a curious fact that great orators seldom fail to be nervous with apprehen- J sion when about to make an important 1 speech. Luther to his lau years, trembled, when he entered the pulpit. The same is true of Robert Hail. Mr. Gough confessed that he is always in a tremor in coming before an audience. Maty of the leaders of the House of Commons in England have given similar testimoney. Canning said he could always tell in advance when he was about to make one of the best speeches by a chill running through him, caused by a fear of failure. Lord Derby, the father of the present Earl, when a young man, was one of the most impressive speakers in Parliament. He was known as the "Prince Rupert , of debate," , and seemed so self-possessed as to be incapable of embarrassment. But he said : "When I am going to speak my throat and lips are as dry as those of a man who is going to be hanged." Tierney, whom Lord Ma caulay calls one of the most fluent deba tors ever known, said he never rose in raniameM witnouweeiingnisnnees knock together. It is one of the compensations of nature, that the nervons temperament Parliament without feeling his knees knock which occasions the trembling is also one of the causes of oratorical success. ; ; - : ' . ' j...,i.'rr The Tennessee ne wspapers note with some degree of alarm the continued de parture of small farmers and laborers from that State. The Nashville 'American says: "We were evidently not fir from wrong when we predicted a few weeks ago the emigration of ten thousand persons from the State. If the opening for labor continue in the West we fear ' we ' have underestimated the exodus. 1 We should of I not be surprised if it reached, fifteen thou I sand, and, colored included, it may go I beyond twenty thousand.