) 1 ...tilt
1: ' i
vo t- y i
' ' : f : J 'I' i'f V
OLD SERIES : VOLUME XXX;
Charlotte Home and Democrat,
Published every Friday by
J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor.
Terms Two Dollars for one year.
One Dollar for six months.
Subscription price due in advance.
"Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte. N.
C, as second class matter," according to the
ruiea oi me r. vs. uepartment.
ROBERT GIBBON, M. D ,
CHARLOTTE. N. C, ,
(Office corner Uh and Tryon Streets,)
Tenders his professional services to the public,
as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or
operate in au tne amerent departments of Sur
gery. March 5, 1881. ly
Dr. JOHN H. McADEN,
Wholesale and Retail Druggist,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.,
Has on hand a large and well selected stock of
rUKE UKUUS, Chemicals. Patent Medicines.
Family Medicines, Paints, Oits, Varnishes, Dye
Dtuns, jrancy ana rouet Articles, which he is de
termined to sell at the very lowest prices.
Jan 1, 1879.
DR. T. C. SMITH,
Druggist and Pharmacist,
Keeps a full line of Puie Drugs and Chemicals,
wnite Lieaa ana uoiors, Machine and Tanners'
Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every
thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he
win sell at low prices.
March 28, 1879.
J. P. McCombs, M. D , , . .
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
tne (jnariotte Hotel.
Jan. 1, 1873.
DR. J. M. MILLER,
Charlotte, N C.
All calls promptly answered day and night.
Office over Traders' National Bank Residence
opposite W. R. Myers'.
Jan. 18, 1878.
DR. M. A. BLAND,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Oas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
Feb 15, 1878.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
March 18, 1881.
A. BCBWELL. P. D. WALKER.
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts,
Office adjoining Court House.
Nov 5, 1880.
WILSON & BURWELL,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C,
Have a large and complete Stock of everything
-pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they
invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale
Oct 7, 1880.
HALES & FARRIOR,
Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers,
Charlotte, N. C,
Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and
Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair
Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c,
done promptly, and satisfaction assured.
Store next to Springs' corner building.
July 1, 1879.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses,
Syrups, Mackerel. Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard,
Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we
oner to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All
are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar
Jan 17, 1880.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Groceries, Provisions, &c,
College Street, Charlotte. N. C.
Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash,
and buys Country Produce at
highest market price.
C5T" Cotton and other country Produce sold on
commission and prompt returns made.
Nov. 1, 1881.
Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant.
In Sanders & Blackwood's Building,
North College St , Charlotte, N. C.
March 26, 1881.
H. W. HARRIS,
Attorney at Law,
CHARLOTTE. N. C.
Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo
site uourt iiouse.
Sept 2, 1881. Smpd
Charlotte Marble Works.
W. G. BERRYHILL,
Charlotte, N. C,
Dfealer in MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE
STONES, and MARBLE-WORK
of every description.
Having just returned from the North, where I
urcbased a large assortment of fine Monuments,
Larble Slabs, and a good assortment of Stone in
toy line. I am prepared to offer fair terms to suit
the times, to persons wanting work in my line,
and guarantee satisfaction. I have in my employ
some ot tne oest workmen 10 oe iouna in tne
Southern States. W. G. BERRYHILL.
Sept 16, 1881. Smpd
Feas and Pea MeaL
The very best food for horses and cows. For
Central Hotel Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen
tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonaorial Art in its
various branches. He and his assistant Artists
are so well known for their skill that it needs no
multiplicity of words to inform the public where
beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut and
dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch."
Give him a trial. GRET TOOLE.
July 29, 1881. Under Central Hotel.
If the night is dreary,
It leads to the day;
If the heart is weary,
It learns to pray.
If, standing lonely,
The tears fall fast,
We know it is only
Till life is past.
Tis all in the measure
Of each day's share
The pain and the pleasure,
The joy and despair.
We lose on the morrow
The ache of to-day ;
The sweet and the bitter
Mast both pass away.
We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock
Containing all the latest styles and qualities of
Ladies', Misses and Children's
. Hats and Bonnets.
Also, all the novelties for trimmin? : Feathers.
r lowers, itiDDons, Bilk, Flashes, Batins, Orna
Also, our usual laree and attractive stock of
White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear,
uioves ana Hosiery, Corsets, Shawls Cloaks,
Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies' Mus
lin Underwear just received, that we are offering
at very low prices.
UCl. 14. 1SH1. MKS. f. UUJSBY.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS
opening a very large and beautiful
LADIES' NECKWEAR, a tremendous stock
of Table Linens, all grades. A large stock of
Marseilles Quilts. All kinds of Flannels Basket,
Opera and Plain.
Thej are making a specialty of
For Gentlemen and Youths, this season.
They have Hoop-Skirts, White Goods, Laces.
Embroideries of all kinds, and other goods too
numerous to mention
Remember we have a large stock of Carpets ;
also cheap Cassimeres, Jeans, Ac, for pants and
"Foster" Kid Gloves, patented June 13th,
1876. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid Gloves,
the best in the market.
ALEXANDER & HARRIS.
Sept 30, 1881.
J. C. Burroughs
Offers to the public the celebrated
Universal and Star Cotton Gins
Sept. 23, 1881. 2m.
From all persons indebted to me for Fertilizers,
I will receive Middling Cotton at 12 cents per
j. j. jls u 1UU u ImS.
Sept 30, 1881. 4w
Bushels SEED RYE for sale
SPRINGS & BURWELL.
Sept. 16, 1881.
Call at Kyle & Hammond's Hardware House
and examine their "Dexter Corn Shelters" and
"Feed Cutters" the latest and best out. Also,
new style adjustable Iron Foot Plow Stocks, a
great improvement on those sold in this market
We have a heavy Stock of Steel Plows, Clevises
Single Trees, Steel and Iron Harrow Teeth, Htel
Drews, Gross Rods, &c, which we can ana will
sell to the Farmers at prices lower than they can
possibly afford to make them.
Jan. 1, 1881. KYLE & 11AMMUJSU.
We have a complete stock of Blacksmiths'
Tools of the best quality and at prices that will
put them within the reach of every Farmer.
XOV. 1, 1880. HXLitt flB nAMAlUJMlJ.
A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber
and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of
ICope at bottom prices.
NOV 1, 1880. B hi AM 31 (JiM V.
TIDDYS CITY BOOK STORE
A well selected Stock of
Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools
cap, which they propose to eell cheap lor cash.
Also. French Paper of every description with
Envelopes to match.
Also, raper in boxes, to suit tne most fastidious.
SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK.
A standard treatise upon the laws of good society
in New York.
CONGRESS TIE ENVELOPES a new lot
Edward Todd & Co.'s Celebrated
A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen.
TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents forEmer-
s an's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS; and
any orders given them will receive prompt atten
ST Cash paid for Rags.
Having Qualified as Administrator on the Es
tate of Capt Alexander Uner, notice is nereby
given to all persons indebted to the Estate of said
Alexander Grier to make immediate settlement ;
and all persons having claims against said Estate
must present them for payment within the time
prescribed by law, or this notice will be pleaded
in bar or tneir recovery. J. . wa,
i . A. UKiHitt,
Sent 9. 1881. 6wpd Administrators.
Carriages, Phaetons, Buggies, &c.
I have a good
of the latest
style & superior
Call and exam
ine the work.
CHAS. WILSON, Sb.,
in front of Sanders & Blackwood's Warehouse,
Charlotte, N. C.
Some Poor Children.
We owe more to poor children than we
think. Columbus was a poor bov. often
needing more food than he could get. gem so precious. Titles and honor confer
Luther sang ballards in the street to get upon the heart no such serene happinees.
the funds for an education. Franklin nsed Iu our darkest moments, when disappoint
to buy a roll for a penny and eat it alone, ment and ingratitude, with corroding care,
Lincoln ana uarneid were poorly clothed
and worked very bard. Dr. Livingston
learned Latin from a book on his loom
while at work. Emily C. Judson nsed to
rise at two in the morning and do the
washing for the family. Gambetta was
poor and slept in an attic. Lucy Larcon
was a factory girl. Dr. Holland was poor
and a schoolteacher. Capt. Eads was
bare-foot and penniless at nine years old.
None of these people have been idle or
whiled away their time on the street
corners, or in game of cards or billiards.
They were too busy. Youth's Compan
Mothers and nurses cannot be too
careful about the soap they use on the lit
tle ones, r ew but physicians know how
many of the so-called skin diseases among;
children are caused by use of adulterated4
poisonous soap. An analysis of several
cakes of the pretty and perfumed toilet
soaps that are sold on the streets showed
the presence of ground glass, soluble glass,
silex, pipe clay, rotten stone, borax, plas
ter of Pans, tin crystal, magnesia, pumice
stone, oat meal, and other substances,
which are added to give the soap weight,
hardness, toughness, or clearness. The
common colorings are vermilion, Venetian
red and carmine, ultramarine green, pot
pigment green, copperas, Spanish brown,
ultramarine blues, yellow and scarlet ani
lines, and burnt umber. Many of the
perfuming ingredients, though harmless in
themselves, become chemically poisonous
by admixture. Adding the dangers from
all these to the rancid, diseased, putrid
qualities of grease nsed, and mothers may
well be appalled at the permanent evils
these neat-looking, delicately scented
blocks of toilet soap contain, ready to be
released whenever moistened and applied
to the babe's body.
The Kissingen bees may boast of
fully as proud a record in the history of
war as its waters do in that of hygiene.
In 1642, during the Thirty Years' War,
the town was hard pressed by the Swedes,
its high walls offering ' but little protec
tion for the small garrison against the bold
Scandinavians. A citizen, Peter Hein by
name, in a moment of imminent danger.
conceived the bold idea of collecting the
numerous bee-hives in town, for the pur
pose of throwing them among a storming
party of the besiegers, lhis was done,
and the enraged bees caused such havoc
among the Swedes as to induce them to
abandon the siege.
The man who sits down on the road to
success and waits for a free ride will get
Cotton Gins Insured
AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE.
The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In
surance on Uotton Uins or Mills run eitner oy
steam or water. This is an important matter to
farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their
attention is especially called to it.
J2. iN Ii UUTUliieUJN,
Sept, 9 1881. Agent.
Halt I Read ! Ponder !
The Drought, so universally prevailing both in
North Carolina and the upper portion of South
Carolina, are themes for your most serious con
sideration, when making this Fall's Purchases.
To buy light is tne great point ; but to buy light
and at lowest prices is almost an impossibility in
Northern markets. There Quantity Rules
Prices." but you have a "Home Market where
your purchases, however small, will be appreciat
ed. Charlotte is your nome marKet ana vv ut
kowsky & Baruch s the House.
In purchasing ol us you avoid tne danger ot tne
"Brisk Trade Infection" of the North, and are
less liable to be wrecked on "This Year's most
dangerous Rock of Overbuying." You can from
us make up your assortment with halt tne amount
that you can at the North. There you have to
buy from a dozen or more houses, each one of
whom worries you into buying more Goods than
you want ; here you can get your whole stock
from us in as small quantities as you please.
We present you a Stock in value of over 3U0,-
000 to make your selections from, and from our
large experience, ample capital and superior
facilities, we assert our ability to cope with any
We manufacture our own Clothing and had
manufactured for us specially our Boots and Shoes
and Hats, and therefore not only offer you Supe
rior Goods, but at less price than others.
All our Stocks are now complete, and we hope
our old customers and new ones will avail them
selves this season of their "Own Home Market.
WITTKOWSKY & BARUCH.
Sept 9, 1881. Charlotte, N. C.
A fresh Chest of He-No-Tea just received by
WILSON & BURWELL,
Sept 30, 1881. Sole Agenta.
A lot of the improved Griswold Gins, made by
O. W. Massey of Macon, Ga., just received and for
sale by J. McLAUGHLIN, Agent.
Aug. 26, 1881.
Hargraves & Wilhelm.
Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand
somest and cheapest ever offered in this market.
It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs,
in all shades and qualities.
Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim
mings is the most varied and attractive ever
seen in this city.
Ulsters, Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks,
in all qualities and shades.
Shawls, Balmorals. Repellants, Cloakings, Oil
Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets,
Velveteens, Plush, &c.
A complete line of Flannels, Cassimeres, Da
masks and Towels.
A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck
wear. We have an immense stock of
Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing,
That we are selling at extremely low prices.
All we ask the public and our patrons is to give
our stock a careful inspection. They will find
the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods
ever shown in this place.
We will save you money by calling to see us.
All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents.
HARGRAVES & WILHELM.
Sept 30, 1881. -m-,-'-
Mosquito Netts !
A large variety, j ust received , very cheap at
BARRINUER & TROTTER'S.
July 22, 1881.
C, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1881.
Tribute to Woman.
"Oh. the priceless value of the love of a
pure woman! Gold cannot mirchase a
gather thick around, and even the gaunt
form of poverty menaces with his skeleton I
augers, u gieams arounu me soui wun an
angel's smile. Time cannot mar its bril-
liancy, distance but strengthens its in-
flueuce, bolts and bars cannot limit its
i -. i , .i i i ... i
progress; it follows the prisoner into his the National Capital, and now that idea
dark cell, and sweetens the home morsel has crystallized into a maxim that Wash
that appeases his hunger, and in the silence ington City is one of the most insalubrious
of midnight it plays around his heart, and
in his dreams he folds to hia bosom the I
lorm of her who loves on still, though the I
world has turned coldly from him. ; The
couch made by the hand of the loved one I
is solt to the .weary limbs ot the sick sot-1
ferer, and the potion achninistered by the I
same nanas loses nan its mtterness. rne
pillow carefully adjusted by her brings
repose to the fevered brain, and her words
of kind encouragement revive the sinking
spirit. It would almost seem that God,
compassionating woman s first great J
frailty, had planted this jewel in her breast,
whose heavenlike influence should cast
into forgetfulness man's remembrance to
the fall, by building up in his heart another
Eden where perennial flowers forever
bloom and crystal waters gush from ex
haustless fountains." .
A Touching Romance.
A poor young girl came one day into
one of the bureaux of the Mont-de-Piete of
Paris to pawn a bundle of clothes upon
which they gave her only three francs.
For fifteen consecutive years she came
regularly to pay the interest on this mod
est sum, amounting to a lew centimes,
without having sufficient cash ,to redeem
the clothes. The administration, struck
by the care that she took to preserve this
little deposit of clothing, sought informa
tion concerning her, and learned that work
ing unceasingly at her miserable home in
a poor little den, this ouvnere in linen,
good and honest, was- scarce able to
earn enough to supply her daily liv
ing, and that in spite of her toils and
pains, she had never been able, in fif
teen years time, to raise the three francs
necessary to redeem htr precious little
bundle. There was evidently in the
conduct of this little woman, so labo
rious and so good, and yet beautiful, a
noble courage which took its source in
noble sentiments. They requested her to
come before the administration of the
Mont-de-Piete, and there she was asked
to take away, without payment, the mod
est bundle of necessaries of which she had
been so long deprived. It was then that
they comprehended the beautiful spirit of
this unfortunate. The little bundle was
composed of a petticoat and a woman's
fichu of some cheap stuff". Scarcely was
it opened when she took these things in
both hands and covered them with kisses,
melting into tears. This was all that was
left to her by her poor mother who had
died fifteen years previously, and in order
to preserve these precious relics, she had
borne religiously her pious tribute, as one
goes to the cemetery to place flowers upon
the tomb of a loved one on the day of a
Northern Slavery. A recent glance
at the U. S. census of 1800 recalls the
curious fact that there then remained ten
slaves in Vermont ; 400 in Rhode Island ;
1000 in Connecticut; 18,000 in New Jer-
sev: lo.uuu in JNew xorK. ana zuuu in
Pennsylvania. , There were 160 in New
Hampshire in 1790.
Charity is like money tne more we
stand in need of it, the less we have to
W. A. TRUSLOW,
Jeweler and Watch Repairer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.,
Respectfully announces that, having succeeded
E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Jew ;lry business,
he has just added to his stock of -'
Watches, Jewelry. Silverware,
CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c,
And he hopes by close attention to business and
fair dealing to merit a share of patronage.
Fifteen years constant experience in the
WATCH REPAIRING Department enables
him Xo fuUy warrant every Watch entrusted to
Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street,
near the Square.
Oct. 7, 1881. tf
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
FURNITURE, BEDDING, &o.
I have now in Store a well selected stock em
bracing everything found in a
First-class Furniture Store,
Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges,
Tet-a-Tets. Whatnots. Marble and Wood Top
Tables, Dining Tab es, Washstands, Bureaus,
Wardrobes, Book Cases, xc.
tW CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads
at prices to suit the times.
I respectfully solicit a share of patronage.
COFFINS ef all grades kept on hand ready
made. No. 5 West Trade Street,
J n 19, 1881 Charlotte, N. C.
We have now removed to the large double
Store-room, on College street, directly opposite
to our old stand, and will be glad to see all
our old friends and customers, and nope to
make many new ones. This store has been spe
cially fitted up with new, strong floors. ' A large
Elevator and many other improvements, making
it one of the best arranged houses in the city to
display our goods. We will continne to keep in
Implements of Various Kinds.
Steel, cast . and Roland . Chilled turning Plows,
Cultivators, Harrows, Grain Drills, Feed Cutters,
Champion Reapers and Mowers, Horse Rakes,
&c. Headquarters in the (State for the celebrated
A full line of GRASS SEEDS Rust Proof
Wheat and Oats, Rye, &c. '
We store cotton and handle goods on commis
sion, and guarantee prompt sales and correct re
turns on all consignments.
J. G. 8HANNONHOUSE, Agent,
Charlotte Co-Opera tire Association,
Oct 14, 1881.
A Defence of Washington City.
By Col John W. Forney in PhiL Progress.
. liver since the attack nion the life of
President Garfield, renewed after hia
death, there has been a concerted effort to
revive the prejudice against the health of
V ashington City. Although the Pres
ident was shot at the railroad station near
the corner of Sixth Street and Pennsvl-1
nveuue, irom toe moment ne. was
removed to the White House. the cry was !
raised that he would certainly die from
malaria if he was permitted to remain in
a . r . i
spots in the United States. President
Arthur himself has unconsciously given
credence to" this belief by taking hp', bis
residence on Capitol ' Hill, in the tine !
building erected by Benjamin F. Butler
on JMew Jersey Avenue, now' occupied by
Senator Jones of Nevada. " Having lived
niygeu on mis ver spot, ana tor more
than twenty years in other quarters of
Washington City, at all seasons, winter
and summer,' I feel impelled to say a few
words in vindication, not only of the place
itself, but of its wholesome atmosphere,
delightful geographical position, and al-
together interesting environs and history.
une iact deserves conspicuous remem
brance at the present time: that there is
no record at any period when the National
Capital has suffered from an epidemic.
Other cities have been swept by the
cholera, and some by yellow fever, but
the exception has always been that of
Washington. Norfolk and Baltimore
have frequently been fatally assailed by
contagion, and yet Washington City, in
their very neighborhood, has escaped
The yellow fever drove Washington and
his Cabinet from Philadelphia, in 1793,
to Germantown, and there is no doubt
that the recollection of the historic health
of the beautiful vicinity afterwards se
lected as the seat of the National Govern
ment induced its early choice by the
fathers of the republic. The dry season
which is just closing distributed malaria
all over the country, and Washington
City could be no exception : but it is a
remarkable circumstance, that notwith
standing the extraordinary and almost
universal drought, the general health of
the whole world has been excellent, and
aansrerous levers nave almost been un
The reasons which prompted the decis
ion in favor of the present site of the Na
tional Capital are historical, and although
many efforts have since been made to re
move it to a more central point, the objec
tion was reserved tor the present time,
that it occupies a very unbealthv posi
tion. There was a protracted conflict in
congress nearly a hundred . years ago
over the claims of other localities. At
one time Wrightsville, on the Susquehanna
River, opposite Columbia, Lancaster coun
ty, Pennsylvania, was the favorite, and at
another time Germantown, at present in
Philadelphia city, was almost decided
upon. But at last, by the act of Con
gress of March 30th, 1791, the ten mile
square on the Maryland side of the Poto
mac was selected by Presideut Washing
rrtn i n noraAn and nallal ottoi hia nam a
and on the 15th of April the same year
the corner-stone of what was then called
the Federal Territory was laid by three
commissioners appointed by the Presi
dent, together with the officials of Alex
ander, Virginia. In the following year
the lines of the boundary directed by
Washington's own proclamation were
permanently marked by square-mile stones.
Major rJi.nfant, a Jb rench engineer, pre
pared the topographical plan of Washing
ton City, under the direction of the Pres
ident and lhomas Jefferson, his Secretary
of State. Those who have enioved the
beautiful plan of the city of Versailles,
about fifteen miles from Paris, b ranee,
can realize the spirit with which the
French engineer made that lovely place
the model of the present city of Washing
ton, when he adopted it as the idea of our
National Capital. No President
ever died in the White House from dis
ease contracted there. When the city
itself was confessedly imperfect and ill
built, its drainage bad, its ' avenues and
streets unpaved, its water inferior, its fire
department unorganized, and its ap
proaches all by common roads, the Presi
dent's mansion was airy, clean, salubrious,
and admirably policed, and it is no worse
to-day, when the city is changed and puri
fied in all other respects. How well I re
member those good old days. How pleas
ing it is to quietly recall the living ghosts
of the deathless dead as in memory's mir
ror they pass through tho great saloons at
the levees and receptiorjs and drawing
rooms of bygone times 1 The soldiers,
statesmen, diplomats, scholars, travellers,
and artists: the beautiful women, the
wives and daughters of the great men, all
gone; hardly one left to tell the story of
toe vanished years I ine rresi
dential mansion in these days, if not a
great palace, was at least a very comiorta
ble and very safe and agreeable home.
A Truly Devoted Wife. A woman
in New Orleans found her husband lying
in a state of intoxication in an ally. Instead
of being exasperated, she gently tnrned
him over to a comfortable position, and,
running her hand into his vest pocket, she
extracted a $20 bill and remarked : "I
reckon I've got the dead wood on that new
bonnet I've been suffer in' for." She made
a straight streak for the nearest millinery
shoo. Strong men wiped the moisture
from their eyes at her heroic devotion to
a husband who had, by strong drink,
brought himself so low as to neglect to
provide his wife with the common neces
saries of life.
BT Think how the journalist is laid
under daily necessity for fresh and sound
utterance. Are two sermons a week a
more tremendous strain upon us than sev
en editorials upon him? - No chance for
"old sermons" with an editor either. He
regards his editorials as equally important,
in their own way, with the telegraphic
news. His readers may view the matter
otherwise: but to him. and to the success
of his paper, the editorial is no subordinate
part of his work. I hold that the sermon
bears much the same relation to the rest
of the service for it is a part of the
service as the editorial does to the news.
James II: Van JBuren, in the Church
How the Japanese Cover their Floors.
In Japan the floors are universally hid-
den by the tatami or bedded mats.
These are of regulation size throughout
the empire, and in building a house the
rooms are divided off so as to hold a cer
tain numoer ot these units ot noor meas
ure. A tatami is exactly hve leet nine
i .u r f i j.
llltTIIf.M 111111 - L.IIir?tf ItKL Willi. M. 1 1 1 1 I W 1 1 Mill!
one-half inches thick, or in round numbers
and Japanese measure, 6x3x2. The only
difference between the mats that cover the
imperial floor and those of the cottagers is
that lha fnmar oka araiir in siva nH Ann-
ered with a gayer border. In ordinary
In the palace it is white. Even the throne
of that defunct official, the tycoon, as well
as the place ot eminence of the mikado,
whom he imitated, was only a square.
padded mat, a few inches higher than
common, ana edgea .witb ; variegated
colors.;- - : ' . o...
A Japanese floor being so substantially
covered, need be only of cheap, un planed
wood, laid without mortices. 1 his floor is
two and a half inches below the grooved
sills in which the ' door, or rather parti
&tel int'Q thi8 huge pan 80 to B'esb
tions, slide. Hinges are used only on I
which the floor makes the mats are laid
and fit snugly together, lying with their
surface level with the sills or grooves.
The mats are the household property of
the tenants, as landlords rent the houses
uncarpeted, as we do. In case of a fire,
npnnle nnll nn thpsfi pxnpnsiv ornampnts
and run. A collection of tatami usually
requires tne first outlay of a Japanese
couple toward housekeeping. Often these
exquisitely clean and Boft mats are the
chief, if not the only article of furniture in
certain rooms. The Chinese for centuries
have used chairs and lounges, but the
Japanese eschew these luxuries, using the
floor and its covering for ceremony and
the occasions of eating, drinking and
The tatami serve tor tables, bedsteads,
chairs and lounging purposes. In palace
and in hut, alike guiltless of sitting ma
chinery, has grown up that elaborate sys
tem of etiquette and ceremonial, renowned
over the world. Only by the generals in
the field were folding camp-chairs used.
In the monastery the abbot sat in state Or
for reflection, in the arm-chair. 1 he
Japauese have the word "koshi-kake
(back-rester,) but there is no general word
nor equivalent for our simple.' word
"chair." Most of the obsequious and ex
aggerated politeness of these Oriental
islanders may be thus mechanically ac
counted for. If the superior is no higher
than the floor the inferior must bow low
indeed. To salute properly, indoors, one
must turn his head into a temporary
tack-hammer and pound vigorously on the
These tatami last nearly a lifetime, as
they are trodden on not with boots, but
only with socks. Every traveler in Japan
is charmed with these soft, clean, durable
mats. Every gentleman, native or for
eign, removes his shoes, clogs or sandals
before he imprints them. Stocking feet is
the rule indoors, and the native socks are
more thickly soled than ours. The cus
tom of wearing boots is rapidly driving
the "civilized" natives to banish tatami
and lay down carpets. An English lady
traveler recently speaks of these mats as
being "soft ' as Axminister carpets ;"
though her statement that they are "as
expensive as Brussels carpet" is an exag-
geration. There being by the last census
over 7,000,000 houses in Japan, and each
house averaging at a low computation
thirty tatamis, there are over 210,000,000
of these mats, or in area 420,000,000 square
yards. They are the very emblems of
Biieuue auu uieauiiuenB, auu laouiuu uiajr
some day demand that the tatami find a
place in our houses, churches and hos
Spontaneous Combustion of Charcoal.
Among the substances subject to spon
taneous combustion, according to the
Fireman's Journal, pulverized charcoal is
said to be one of the moBt remarkable.
Incidental to this phenomenon a story is
told that a load of charcoal was delivered
in n onthnn nf a r.lrrvman in Leinaic.
. . o J - -j
and showed no signs of burning until the
door by accident was left open, when the
wind , blew sprinklings of snow on the
charcoal. The rapid absorption of oxygen
from the melting snow caused the char
coal to ignite, and as the day was windy
the whole range of buildings was burned
to ashes. In this connection a fruitful
and unsuspected source of fire suggests
itself to those of our American house
keepers who burn wood as fuel, and who
store the ashes in boxes or barrels. The
accidental disturbing of such ashes, even
after years, will cause them to ignite, pro -
vided the air is damp or toggy. ine
phosphuret of potash from decayed wood
renders wood ashes highly inflammable,
and mysterious cellar fires in the rural
districts are, no doubt, in some cases,
caused by this form of spontaneous com
George Washington's Carriage.
It may not be generally known that one of
the citizens of New York is the owner of
the carriage in which Washington made
his tour of the Southern States in 1791.
It was built by White of Philadelphia,
and was regarded by him as a masterpiece.
In a lourney ot nearly z,uuu miies, it is
said that not a screw or bolt started. In
the towns and villages along the route the
appearance of the "white chariot,", driven
by John Fagan, Washington's trusted
coachman, was the signal for general re-
joicing. Of the three carriages in which
Washington was won to appear in public,
this one alone remains, and it is in a won-
derful state of preservation. The others
were cut up into canes at the time of Wash
ington's death. The carnage is now in
Philadelphia, and I understand that Mr.
Benjamin Richardson, the owner, has
written to the foreign visitors to the
Yorktown clebration inviting them to in
The following is a sure remedy for kick
ing cows: Buckle a stout leather strap
around the cow's body just in front of the
bss: It is impossible for her to kick, be
cause the strap hinders the contraction
the larger muscles on the underside of the
XI. NUMBER 548
Various Items. ; . - .t
: The achirus, a kind of flat fish, in the .
East and West Indies has no air bladder,
and consequently remains always at the'
bottom of the sea. v-n E ;,u,in j
A row of guncotton reaching f roia1 Edin-;
burgh to London, it is 6aid; could be fired
in two minutes, so rapid is the trans
mission of i detonation from one par$ ,tO;
another. .: .jt.yff n ;?
i Mechanical vibration is said to ! be otu
use in curing neuralgia. A", tapping , oyer f.
ine nerve cnanges tne siaie oi irrij.a.
; Our "devil"" says if the "young lady,
would sack him without hurting his feel
ings let her give me the saok she has on,
contents included. I . r uw iu ;.'..?
A Western man, an ex-Congressman,
thiuks that the buffalo could, tbo; domesti
cated and that it would make much better
beef than the flesh of the ox.: ; t
I A few ' days ' ago a party of trackmen
working on the Old Colony Railroad1 at
Dighton, Mass.,; found nnder one of the
ties six certified bank checks that were lost
in June. . .. . .
The sowing of forest pine seeds has been
begun by the Shakers at Enfield, Conn.,
and the State authorities are considering
plans for ' encouraging this needed in
dustry. ' 1 ;; " -''SVI'-'- '
a recent survey oi tne r inrne ai j? ran
conia, N H, shows ihat many of the ledges
in the vicinity are largely composed of as
fine a quality of granite as can be found In u
all Scotland. 4 ?t!- ,-, , , , ; -u ,tj .;,,,;-.
. In one of the Switzerland land slides a
whole tract of wood slipped down a lu.ll .
side and spread over some meadows with-:
out uprooting or even injuring -the trees,1'
thus converting at one stroke a tract of
pasturage into a piece of forest land.
To cure bunions use pulverized Saltpetre'
and sweet oil. Obtain at a druggist five '
or six cents worth of saltpetre ; put into ft i
bottle with sufficient olive oil ,.to .dissolve,
it, shake up well, and rub the inflamed
joints night and morning, and more fre
quently if painful, h , i,j - t '
Smooth, strong and pliable parchment
can be made from the palmetto of Florida '
and the other Southern States. It can be ;
washed, rubbed and handled like a cloth,
and the writing will not be effaced. As
much as 60 per cent, of the palmetto can
be utilized in the process. ;'
A rich Catalan capitalist, long resident
of Cuba, died there recently, and is re
ported to have left his fortune of $12,000,
000 to be divided among four negroes,
formerly his slaves, who once saved . hia
life from a wildcat while r he was out
hunting.'"- . :'-f -v5"'";-" -- ;
The saltiness of the sea is caused by the
chloride of sodium and other soluble salts
continually flowing into the sea from
rivers and 6pnngs. As evaporation carries
none oi these salts back, they accumulate.
The Bea.waler in arctic 'TegoJm U le88 8alj
than in the tropics, owing to the melting
The Heavenly Home. . -
It is not the walls of the building in
which you live that makes your , earthly
home, but the com Dan v of those vou love.
A little boy about four or five years old, -
wa8 returning from school1 one day. He '
bounded into the house, exclaiming as he
hung his bat up in the entry : " This is
my home I this is my home 1"
A lady was then on a visit to his moth
er, and was sitting in the parlor. K She said
I to mm I .
j " Willie, the house next door is just the
same as this ; suppose you go in there and
hang your hat up in. the lobby ; wouldn't
that be your home as well as this ?" .
; "No, ma'am," said Willie, very earn
estly, " it would not." ,
M Why not?" asked the lady! " What
makes this house our home more than
that?" . ." --:-;--: v''
TOM!!. 1 3 At t. . . 1 1
V "e uau never W mis oeiore.
""T - iTiT f t- F
hia mother, and throwing his arms around
her neck, said :
' " Because my dear mother lives here 1"
It is the presence and company of those
we love which makes our earthly home
and it is just. so with our heavenly home
that home which our dear Saviour has gone
to prepare for the children of ' God.
Tremor of Great Orators. .
It is a curious fact that great orators
seldom fail to be nervous with apprehen-
J sion when about to make an important
1 speech. Luther to his lau years, trembled,
when he entered the pulpit. The same is
true of Robert Hail. Mr. Gough confessed
that he is always in a tremor in coming
before an audience. Maty of the leaders
of the House of Commons in England have
given similar testimoney. Canning said
he could always tell in advance when he
was about to make one of the best speeches
by a chill running through him, caused
by a fear of failure. Lord Derby, the
father of the present Earl, when a young
man, was one of the most impressive
speakers in Parliament. He was known
as the "Prince Rupert , of debate," , and
seemed so self-possessed as to be incapable
of embarrassment. But he said : "When
I am going to speak my throat and lips
are as dry as those of a man who is going
to be hanged." Tierney, whom Lord Ma
caulay calls one of the most fluent deba
tors ever known, said he never rose in
raniameM witnouweeiingnisnnees knock
together. It is one of the compensations
of nature, that the nervons temperament
Parliament without feeling his knees knock
which occasions the trembling is also one
of the causes of oratorical success. ; ;
- : ' . ' j...,i.'rr
The Tennessee ne wspapers note with
some degree of alarm the continued de
parture of small farmers and laborers from
that State. The Nashville 'American
says: "We were evidently not fir from
wrong when we predicted a few weeks ago
the emigration of ten thousand persons
from the State. If the opening for labor
continue in the West we fear ' we ' have
underestimated the exodus. 1 We should
of I not be surprised if it reached, fifteen thou
I sand, and, colored included, it may go
I beyond twenty thousand.
xml | txt