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0LD'SERIIS:,;,iTpLUME'"X3DC.' rViv CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1881. VOLUME . XI.NDMBER 550' Charlotte': Hoxhera?.!Demporat; Published every Friday by J. P. STRONGrditor-& -Proprietor. Terms Two Dollabs for one year. ., , " . One Dollar for six . months. Subscription price due in advance. ! - '- VJ-.: -O t.:-)ll -I';.;. "Entered at the Post Office in Charlottes N. C, . 88 second pIas9attej;:coxdingaa.the rules ot vae r. v. jwepanmeni, , ni')- f T y " V' -'" ROBERT GIBBON. M.' D , ' t . .. CHARLOTTE, K. C.,. ' ! n V V (Office corner 5th and Trgon Streets,) Tenders hia professional services to the public, as a practical 8nrgeon. Will advise, treat or operate in au tne dinerent departments of Sur- gery.- - March 5, 1881. DrJOHN H-iMcADEN; t u Wholesale and Retail Druggist, CHARLOTTE, N. C, ' i Has on hand a large and well selected stock of PURE DRUGS, Chemicals, Paient Medicine Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye Stuffs, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de termined, to sell atthe;Yry lowest prices. : ?i Jan 1, lb79. I : . ..M' i I t , DR. T. C. SMITH, Druggist and Pharmacist, Keeps a full line of Pure Drugs and Chemicals. White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners' I 1 1 J - a t. i ' f , . , . , -I wus, iru lent jueuicmeB, waruen seeds, ana every thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he will sell at low prices. .. v , ! March 28, 1879. ! ? V f f " J. P. McCombs M. D , Offers his professional services to' the citizens of Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls, both night and day, promptly attended to. Office in Brown's buildingj up stairs, opposite the flhftflotte Tlnfpl Jan; 1,1831 -yi. rv ,-i V. L ! TTJ l TUT : TWTT T tPt - i1 Wl T -lolr Charlotte, N C ' t Al eaip prooiptly answergd day) aud night. Office over Traders' National Bank Residence opposite W. tUMyerB.j - 1 Jan, jl8,;1878y y i 1 ; ; r ; . ?y DR. M. A. BLAND, Dentist, . -, . CHARLOTTE, : N. i C. -.i J; n Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte Hotel. ' ; . ; ; Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth. Feb 15,1878. DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM. CHARLOTTE, N. C; P r a c t i c e L i m! i t e d . t o. t h e EYE, EAR AND THROAT. March 18, 1881." - A. BtJRWELL. ' P. D. WALKER. BUR WELL & WALKER, Attorneys at Law, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Will practice in the State and Federal Courts, Office adjoining Court House. Nov 5, 1880. , : .'! WILSON & BUR WELL, . ynOLESALE AND RETAIL r Druggists, Trade StfehfVriAKLOTrvf'lf: C, Have a large and complete Stock of everything pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale and retail. ' :' ' Oct.T.imCQIU . HALES & FARRIOR, Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers, Charlotte, N. C, Keeps a full stock of haedsome Jewelry, and Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair prices. , , , Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c, done promptly, and satisfaction assured. Store next to Springs! corner building. July 1, 1879' i--'--' A" , , , . SPRINGS & BURWELL, Grocers and. Provision Dealers, . . . i . . i . Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses, Syrups, Mackerel,( Spaps, Starch, Meat'Lard, llama, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plow's, &c., which we offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade: All are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar gest buyers. .:!;-. Jan 17, 1880. J. MCLAUGHLIN, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Groceries, Provisions, . &c, College Street, ' Charlotte, N. C. Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash, and buys Country Produce at T highest market price. tlT Cotton and other country Produce sold on commission and prompt returns made. Nov. 11881. ' :-" ' John VauTjaudiuglaam, Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant. In Sanders & Blackwood's Building, f Msono vonege cr.'unanoite, jn. u. March; 2ft 1881. v ? . 1 H y W;' H A RRIS, Attorney at Law, a C "ft A R L 6 T T E , N . C Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo site Court House, v Sept 2, 1881.' 3mpd .Charlotte JMarble ' Works. - W G. ' BERRYHILLi 1 . Charlotte, N. C, Dealer' iri MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE STONES,' V and MARBLE-WORK of every description. Having just returned from the North, where I Eurchased a large assortment of fine Monuments, Larble Slabs, and a good assortment of Stone in my line, I cm prepared to offer fair terms to suit the times, to persons wanting work in my line, and fruarantee satisfaction. I have in my employ some of tbe best workmen to be found in the Southern States, rjr r W. Gj BEKRYHILL. Sept 16. 1881.u mpd Ji 1 - - Peas and Pea 'Meal. ? The7 Very best food for horses and cows. For sale by", 1 " "JOHN. VANLAND1NG HAM. ; Aug. 19. 1881.1' , -. :. . ' t Central' Hotel Barber Shop. GREY TOOLE, hi' the Basement of. the Cen tral Hotel, still -carries on the Tqnsorial Art in its various branches. He and his assistant Artists are to well known for their skill that it needs no multiplicity of words to inform the public where beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut and ; dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch." Give him a trial. ' ; t t.-. '.i i GREY TOOLE. July 9, 1881.? it. J.-v- Undet Central HoteL - ' Don't Read' in Bed. Never read in bed, or in a reclining at- iimue, u provoicetf a tension of the optic nerve very fatiguing to thi eyesight. An exchange says: 'Bathe the eyes daily in salt water not salt enough though to cause a smarting sensation. Nothing is more strengthening, dad we have known several persons who, after nsing this sim ple tonic for a few -week, had put aside IDC SDeCiaCIeS. 1 hp V lia.it ne,l inr iroora and did not resume -them,' continuing, of , T j J at course, the Kbirepeated daily use of salt water.' jNever lorce yourseyesight to read or worn, in insuttioient bt jc broad light. Keading:with' the sun on-i'ne'8 book is mortally injurious to the eyes." ; E3F Correct speech is each an indisputa ble mark. xf a lady or gentleman; that it cannot be too often repeated that the true standard ot pronunot44o. in which all marks of a particular place of birth and residence are lost, and in which nothing appears to indicate any habits of inter course other than with the very well-bred and well informed, wherever they may be tound. , Blacksmiths' Tools. We have a complete stock of Blacksmiths' Tools of the best quality and at prices that will put tnem wit tun the reacn or every Farmer. Nov.' 1,1880. KYLE & HAMMOND. Rubber Belting. A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber and Hemp PackiDg. Also, all sizes and kinds of Kope at bottom prices. Nov 1; 1880. KYLE & HAMMOND. J. C. Burroughs r .Offers to the public the celebrated Universal and "Star Cotton Gins Sept. 23, 1881. 2m. ALEXANDER & HARRIS Are now stock of openiDff a very large and beautiful Dress Goods. LADIES' NECKWEAR, a tremendous stock of Table Linens, all grades...A large stock of Marseilles Quilts. All kinds of Flannels Basket, Opera and Plain. Thej are making a specialty of Ready-Made Clothing For Gentlemen and Youths, this season. They have Hoop-Skirts, White Goods, Laces, Embroideries of all kinds, and other goods too. numerous to mention . . Carpets, &c. Remember we have a large stock of Carpets ; also cheap Uassimeres, Jeans, &c., for pants and suits. JSP "Foster" Kid Gloves, patented June 13th, 1876. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid Gloves, tbe best in the market. ALEXANDER & HARRIS. Sept 30, 1881. Cotton Gins Insured AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE. The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In surance on Cotton Gins or Mills run either by steam or water. This is an important matter to farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their attention is especially called to it. E. NYE HUTCHISON, Sept, 9 1881. Agent. NEW MILLINERY. We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock of Millinery Goods, Containing all the latest styles and qualities of Ladies', Misses and Children's Hats and Bonnets. Also, all the novelties for trimming : Feathers, Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, batins, Orna ments, etc. Also, our usual large and attractive stock of White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear, Gloves and Hosiery. Corsets, Shawls Uloaks, Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies' Mus lin Underwear just received, that we are offering at very low prices. Oct. 14, 1881. MRS. P. QUERY. Just Received AT TIDDY'S CITY BOOK STORE A well selected Stock of WHITING PAPER, Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools cap, which they propose to eell cneap ior casn. Also, French Paper of every d:SCiiptioj, with Envelopes to match. Also, Paper in boxes, to suit the most fastidious. SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK. A standard treatise upon the laws of good society in New York. rONOKESg TIE ENVELOPES a new lot just received. Edward Todd & Co 's Celebrated RubberPens, A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen. TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents for Emer son's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS; and any orders given them will receive prompt alten- iion. EST" Cash paid for Rags, . , Carriages, Phaetons, Buggies, &c. I have a good supply of CARRIAGES, PH-JSTONS, BUGGIES, and Spring Wagons, of the latest style & superior workmanship. Call and exam ine the work. CHAS. WILSON, Sr., i College Street, ; in front of Sanders & nisuskwood's Warehouse, Jan 14, 1881' . y Charlotte, N. C. A. A. GASTON, ' DEALER IS .Stoves, Tin-Ware And House Furnishing Goods, CHARLOTTE, N. C. He keeps the largest stock of Stoves and Tin Ware ever offered in this mnrket $100 reward will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have sold the "Barley Sheaf" for eleven years. ! Call at my Store under Central Hotel building, and examine my stock. Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured to order, and all Repairing promptly executed. i JTeD 1, 1881. ' A. A. GABTUiM. The Silver Lining. There's never a day so sunny But a little cloud appears ; ' ' " ' ' There's never a life so happy . . But has its time of tears; Yet the sun shines out the brighter "Whenever the tempest clears. 'V There's never a garden growing . ' .. "With roses in every plot; There's never a heart so hardened , But it has 'one tender spot; We have only to prune the border To find the forget-me-not. There's never a sun that rises . , . i, . But we know 'twill set at night ; The tints that gleam in the morning At evening are just as bright;, And the bour that is'th'e'sweeteslT 7 Is between the dark and light. There's never a dream so(happy But the waking makes us sad;', There's never a dream of sorrow But the waking makes us glad ;' We 6hall look some day with wonder At the troubles we have had. . Tell Your Wives. A woman's advice is generally worth having: so it you are in any trouble, tell your raotner, or your wile, or your sister all about it. He assured ' that light will flash upon your darkness. ", '. ' Women are too commonly adjudged verdant in all but purely womanish afiairs. No philosophical student of the sex thus judges them.' Their intuitions of insight arc the most subtle,' and it they cannot see a cat' in the 'meal, there is no cat there. A man, therefore, should keepnone of his affairs a secret from his wife. Many a home has been happily saved, and many a fortune retrieved by a man's full confi dence in his wile. Woman is lar more seer and prophetic than man if she be given a fair chance. ' i As a general rule, the wives confide the minutest of their plans and thoughts to their husbands. Why not recipro cate, if buufor the pleasure or meeting confidence ? The men who succeed best in life are those who make confidants of their wives. Hargraves & Wilhelm. NEW GOODS. Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand somest and cheapest ever offered in this market. It embraces a full line of Silks, Satios and Surahs, in all shades and qualities. Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dresa .Trim- min2s is the most varied ana attractive ever seen in this city. Cloaks, Dolmans, Ulsters. Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks, in all qualities and shades. Shawls, Balmorals. Kepellants, tJloasings, uu Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets, Velveteens. Plush, oca. . . A complete line of Flannels. tJassimeres. Da masks and Towels. A large assortment of Ladies and Gents Neck-, wear.. : : . We have an immense stock of Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing, That we are selling at extremely low prices. . All we ask the public and our patrons is to give our stock a careful inspection. They will find the greatest vanety and cheapest stock of Goods ever shown in this place. We will save you money by canine to see ns. All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents. HARGRAVES & WILHELM. Sept 30, 1881. W. A. TRUSLOW, Jeweler and Watch Repairer, . CHARLOTTE, N. C, Respectfully announces that, having succeeded E. J. Allen, in the watch ana je ;iry ousiness, he has just added to his stock of . Watches, Jewelry, Silverware, CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c, And lie hoDes bv close attention to business and fair dealing to merit a share ot patronage. IW Fifteen years constant experience in the WATCH REPAIRING Department enables him to fullv warrant every Watch entrusted to him. Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street, near the Square. ,. Oct. 7, 1881. tt Mosquito Netts! A large variety, just received, very cheap at July 22. 1881. - ' CONFECTIONERIES, GROCERIES, &c. Cakes and Bread. C. S. HOLTON, at the Rising Sun Store, oppo site the Old Market, still keeps a large assortment of Confectioneries, Sc., and a good selection oi choice Family Groceries all ot the freshest and best quality. Bread and Cakes. His Bread is considered superior by all who use it, and his assortment of Cakes is tine. Wedding Cakes and Cakes for Parties pre pared in the best style at short notice. Uive me a trial wnen you neea anyiningin my line. ; i - - k,s . C. 8. HOLTON. Jan. 14,1831. ; ..: BURGESS NICHOLS, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in FURNITURE, BEDDING, &c I have now In Store a well selected stock em bracing everything found in a First-class Furniture Store, Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges, Tet-a-Tets, Whatnots, Marble and Wiod Top Tables, Dining Tabes, Washstands, Bureaus, Wardrobes. Book Cases, &c. CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads at prices to suit tbe times. I respectfully solicit a shure of patronage. : 'i " . ,y - . AIJ30, -; COFFINS of all grades, kept on hand ready- made,;. , . .... , . . , . TJVjb. 5 JVest Trade Street, J.nl9,18Sl , - Charlotte, N.C. i ; ? 'Cotton Gins. A lot of the improved Griswold Gins, made by O. W. Massey of Macon, Ga., just received and for sale by , J. McliAtlUiLLdJN, Agent. Aug. go, 1881. . :;,i:;-L:it ' Saved by;a? Shadow si Yis" J. Esten Cooke in Philadelphia Times. The scout was surrounded. He took in everything at 8 glance and dletermined to cut his way through and r;sk the chances, Hut the ladies representee ;to him. that this was'certain death. Thy1 could con ceal him, and S assented. - The young : ladies acted , promptly. : - One ran to the window and asked who wsa there, while! another closed the - back Moor that in front being already fastened o was then hurried up the staircase, one of the I ladies accompanying him to show him his'1 i aii - - J . :L uiuiug piace. .ii uau la&eu piace in a few moments, and the- Federal -troops gave sudden evidence of their' estimate al 8 . They fired a volleys through the front door and the bullets whistled by the young ladies. , 1 hen. the door was burst in and "the trooper swroie4 into ; the S had been conducted to a garret bare of all furniture, but some planks lay upon the sleepers of the ceiling, and by lying down on these a man might con ceal himself. S mounted quietly and stretched himself at full length, and the young lady ;: retired and , returned to the lower floor. .From ; his perch S then heard all that was said i in tbe hall be neath. ' "Where is tbe guerilla?" exclaimed the Federal officer ' commanding the detach ment." ' ,. ' ' v ' "What guerilla?" asked one of the ladies. ' '. ' ' ' " " "The rascal S ." j ' 1 ' "Hevashere,''buth6ha8gone." i That is untrue," the officer said, "and I am not to be trifled with. I shall search this house. But first, read the orders to the "menV he added, turning to ' a ser geant..;: . . ' i ' Ihe t sergeant obeyed and b dis tinctly overheard the reading of his death warrant. The- paper : -chronicled his ' ex ploits, denounced bim as a guerilla and bushwhacker, and directed that he should not be taken alive; the men were express ly ordered to kill him, not to take him prisoner. ( lhis was not reassuring to the scout .concealed under the . rafters above. It was probable that he would be discov ered, in which case death would follow. There was but one thing to do to sell hi? life dearly. After ransacking every room on the first and second floors, the Federal troops ascended to the garret. Ihe ladies had attempted to divert their attention from it, but one of tbem asked "What room is that up there?" "The garret," was the reply. "He may be there show the way." "You see the way " returned the young lady, "I do not wish to go up in the dust; it would soil my dress." ' "You go before, then," said the trooper to a negro girl who had been made to carry about a lighted candle, for night had come now. Ihe girl laughed and said : "There was nobody up there," but at the order went up stairs to the garret, followed by the troopers. The decisive moment had come. : S heard the trampy-feet and cocked . both his pistols. The light' streamed into the garret, and looking over the edge of his plank he saw the i garret ; filled with i troopers.-: "' All seemed over and his discovery certain ; he was about to spring down and fire, when the men growled:.- "Hell, there's nothing here, and ;went-down the stairs again.; Tbe servant girl had saved him by a ruse. She had taken her stand directly beneath the broad plank upon which S was extended and the deep shadow had con cealed him. To this ruse he doubtless owed bis life. - An hour afterwards the Federal detachment left the house in ex treme ill-humor, and before morning S- was miles away from the dangerous lo cality where he had overheard his sentence of death. . S is now one of the 'lead ing clergymen in Virginia. ' ' ; Curious Time-Keepers. An American traveler once saw a rare Japanese time-keeper, which has been1 des cribed in an old record. This clock, in a frame three feet high and five long, repre sented a 1 noon - landscape of ereat loveli ness.. In the. foreground were plum and cherry .trees, and rich plants in full bloom; in the rear a hill, gradual in ascent, -from which flowed a cascade admirably imitated in crystal. ' From this point, a thread-like stream glided along, encircling in its wind ings rocks and tiny islands, but presently lo8iog itself in a far-ofl stretch of woodland. In the ' sky turned a golden sun, indicat ing as it passed tbe striking hours, which were all marked upon the frame below, where a slowly-creeping tortoise served as a nana. J Dira ol exquisite plumage, resting bv its wing, proclaimed tbe ex piration of, each. hour. "When the song ceased, a mouse sprang from a grotto near by, and running oyer the hill, hastily dis appeared. " . , In . the South Kensington museum, at London!' is a small watch about one hun dred years old, representing anapple, the goiaen case ornameniea witn grains oi pearl. Another old Nuremburg , watch has the form of an acorn, and is provided with a dainty pistol, which perhaps served as an alarm. : , In London, is an eagle-shaped watch, within which," when the body of the bird is opened, a richly ornamented face is seen. They are sometimes found in the form of ducks and skulls. , , ; King George IIL, of England, had a watch not larger than a five-cent .piece, which had 120 d liferent parts, the whole not weighing quite as much as a ten-cent piece. . ; . , Clocks and watches must usually be wound up every day, though some clocks will run eight days without winding, and a few even longer than that. 'But there was a century clock at the great Centen nial exhibition at Philadelphia. .The man who made it says it will run one" hundred years without winding, though it is hard to believe this. ! . ' ' -; : There .was another curious kind of a clock at the Centennial. . It was fixed in a carriage, and tells just how many times the wheel turnaround on the journey, and how many miles have been traveled, and how long the carriage has been in making the trip. ' " ' (-xr ; The bishop of Ely had a watch , in the head of bis cane and a prince of Saxony v y Cotton Crop Reportilf.'.H r Ellison's Annual Report states that the consumption ' of cotton in England and Europe for 1881 -is 6,084,000 bales ; for 1880, 5,636,000 bales; lor 1879, 5,064,000 bales. With -- regard : to ; the supply and needs of Europe for the next year,--!Mr Ellison gives his usual estimate, which ia as follows: From India, Egypt, &c, 1,960, 000 bales; from America (4,165,000 bales 456 lbs. each) equal to 4,748,000 bales ; total requirements in bales of 400 lbs. each, 6,708,000 bales. " ' ' The amount given .above ae required from India, Egypt, fcc., is the estimated su pply from all sources other than America. Hence be concludes that if Europe receives from America 4,165.000 bales of 456 lbs. each, there will be enough to supply the estimated consumption of the Beason end ing October 1j 1882, and leave tbe stocks orr nanonrc saia'Tiare-aDout tne same as are now held. r r The estimated consumption by the 'American mills is 2,050,000 bales, so that the mills are expected to use during next year, 6,215,000 bales. : The Chronicle of last Friday says : The speculation in cotton for future delivery opened on Saturday last with considerable buoyancy,' favored by stronger account from Liverpool and the reduced movement of the crop, and, prices continued to ad vance till toward the close of Monday's business, when a reaction set in toward lower, prices, and continned throughout the moat ot Wednesday. The close on that day, however, was steadier, and on lhursday there, was an active movement for the advance, stimulated by firmer ac counts from Liverpool, t which not only caused a demand to cover, contracts, but led to some operations for the rise. Early yesterday morning notices for delivery on November contracts were put out with considerable freedom and at once thrown upon the markets, with the purpose of de pressing prices, t but., the readiness with which they were taken up gave increased buoyancy to tbe later dealings. To-day the opening was at a further advance, but there was a sharp decline at the close. Cotton on the spot has been more active for export,' stimulated on Wednesday by a decline of 1-1 6c" which was recovered ou'Thursday. To-day there was in the morning a further advance of 1-1 6c, but it was lost, and tbe close was quiet a life. for middling uplands. The total sales for forward delivery for the eek are 651,500 bales. ' ' - The visible supply of American cotton 18 1,678,520 bales. The figures indicate an increase in the cotton in sight Friday- of 218,260 bales as compared with the same date of 1880, an increase of 507,710. bales, (as compared with the corresponding date of 1879 and an increase of, 611,872 bales as compared with 1878. The total receipts lrom the plantations since September 1 in 1881 were 1,348,310 bales; in 18S0 were 1,549,029 bales; in 1879 were 1,330,569 bales. The receipts last week were 225,296 bales. Last year the receipts from the plantations t for. the same week were 281, 741. bales and for 1879 they were 265,355 bales. i:, The , weekly receipts last year for No vember were as follows: 243,257 bales; 273,437; 250,280;. 294,337, and for De cember tbey were 239,093 ; 265 235 J 244 942 ; 229,024. ' ' 1 -u'" " ! i Notwithstanding the fact that the sea- sod opened about ten days earlier than last year the receipts are about 200,000 bales less than up to November 1, 1880. It would seem that the crop will be near half a milium short of the requirement for the year. ' ' .. ... . i ; Animals before, an Earthquake. ; . - ...... . An Italian writer on the recent catas trophe on the Island of " Ischia mentions those prognostics of an earthquake which are derived from animals, l hey were observed in every place where the shocks were such, as to be generally perceptible. Some minutes before they : were felt the oxen and the cows began , to bellow, the sheep and goats bleated, and rushing into confusion one on the other, tried to break the wicker-work of the folds, the dogs bowled terribly, the geese and fowls were alaVmed, and . made much noise;: thej horses, which were fastened in their stalls, were greatly agitated, leaped up and tried to break tbe halters with which they were attached to the mangers; those which were proceeding on the roads suddenly stopped and snorted in a very strange way. The cats were frightened, and tried to conceal themselves, or their bair bristled up wildly. itaDDits and moies were seen to leave toeir holes ; birds rose, as if scared, from the places on which they bad alighted; and hah left tbe bottom ot tbe sea, and ap proached the shores, where at some places great numbers ot them were taken. JtLven ants and reptiles abandoned, in clear day light their subterranean - boles in great disorder, many hours before the shocks were felt. Some dogs, a few minutes be fore the first shock took place, awoke their sleeping masters .by barking and pulling them as if they wished to .warn . them of the impending danger, and several persons were thus enabled, to save them selves. , . i . , . - . . i . , , l- '.i, : . . Gum Arabic : ;:.. . In Morocco, about the middle of Novem ber, that Is, after a rainy ' season, which begins in July, a gummy i nice exudes spontaneously' .from the trunk and princi pal branches of the acacia tree. ' In about fifteen days it thickens in the furrow down which it runs, either in a vermicular (or worm) shape, or commonly assuming the form of oval or round tears, about' the fizeof a pigeon's egg' of different colors, as they belong to the red or white gum tree. . About tbe middle of December the Moors encamp on the borders of the forest and the harvest last six weeks. The gum is 1 packed in very large 'sacks of leather, and brought on the backs of bullocks and camels to certain ports, where it i sold to English and French merchants. J The gum is mgmy nutritious, uunng tne wnoie time of harvest, of the journey and of the fair," the Moors of the' desert live almost entirely upon! it; and experience has proved' that six ounces of gum are sufficient for the support of . a man for i twenty-four hours. Low. hours. JsOnaon : . Jfamxiy An Antediluvian Monster, l. -, There have recently been discovered in Siberia the bones of an antediluvian rhi noceros, which may give us an idea of what kind of people and animals . inhabi ted our globe in days gone: by, and what Hurt oi wiuier iuey usu 10 enaure. xnis rhinoceros was "' taller than the ; modern beast by borne six or seven feet. It 'was discovered comfortably imbedded in the banks of one of the afff ients' of the Tana River. . When the bank first broke awav the whole skeleton stood there in magnifi cent proportion, a revelation of a lost age. Professors of Palaeontology ' are rather scarce in Siberia, and so it happened that tbe river was allowed to wash the old mon ster away. Its head and one foot have been rescued," however, ' and are how in "f St.5 Petersburg., .besides its superiority in size, this aucient monster had the; advan tage of being clothed in a thick 'coat of longhair, which enabled it to live among icebergs and in a temperature that would nave irozen ine enemmaie poiar Dear ana made an icicle ot the cunning arctic fox. 1 here was a period when the north ol T?r,T.aT?f0T, .pMt,, ' ra.- I uuavarf muiouu. jl.- x ttuu l where inhabited by monstrous , beasts,' birds, and reptiles. The fbulous roo has been discovered in New Zealand, a bird measuring thirty feet from head to claws.1 1 he sea serpent is no fiction. Professor Owen constructed, on a reliable scientific basis, a reptile that ' would measure 'some sixty feet in length. A great portion of; the ivory used to-day is the produet of an extinct species buried in Northern Asia, which the Siberian "resurrectionists" sell to Russian traders. There lived these giants in the age of silence," twilight,' arid snow.' In Australia a huge marsupial was living, compared to whichthe kangaroo is a rat; it hopped about the country in com pany ox wombats as large as a bear: and these monsters found their enemy and con queror in a huge monster,' ' the pouched lion. J " Gigantic ' herbivorous dragons, aouoie-tussea repines,- era wiea leisurely along the rich pasturelands Of South Af rica. Life was long in those days, there was no need for the beasts to hurry them selves, they roamed over whole continents in search of food. Uurageot smaller phy sical developments, but of more enlight ened intellect, has gathered the scattered bones of these monsters and restored them their place in history " . . The Science of Slighting. Anybody can be slack; but everybody doesn't know, how to . slight things scien tifically. I'm learning daily. I commenced with my ironing. .When 1 hung out the clothes , I took care to bang them smoothly and straight; on tbe line; then, when I. took them in unless in very cold, weather 1 folded ; towels, flannels, bed-clothing, night-dresses, and all such articles as 1 took from the line. In a clear, dry day, they are ready to put at once in the bureau, with tbe fresh air and sunshine folded in 'them, and i not ironed out. If the day : isn't favorable, of course they must hang and air by the fire, I Or why make a child miserable bv forcing a t i:i. . - 'iv.!.-'.- t ... T e jr.; :.. j. .. uuvuei j. Bugui, io iu oyycc . me sitting-room carefully once in three or four weeks with Indian - meal; mixed, with salt water, so it is "crumby then, with an occasional picking-up of threads or other bits from the carpet, and a daily dusting, it is fresh for three weeks more. My! how glad lam that I can't bear what tbe women say when they read that I Guess my ears would burn some. , Still another way. 1 bake a ; large amount ot cookies and ginger-snaps, and keep them down the cellar in a tin cake box. It Is no more .work to bake two! hundred than it is twenty, and- they will grow better all the time if they, are right- j lymade. , -:.,-.':: . . ' '.i 1 have a large earthen pudding dish, and bake my applesauce, in this ; it is delicious, and takes care of oven, which it never l- was known stewing on top of the stove, r I've told you all 1 dare to; this time. , If this doesn't shock you too much 1 11 tell you TDOTQ.-Anabel fit Andrew in Prao i- t -n . . . iicai warmer. i U ; ; m Punishing Children. ' Anna C. Bracket t. in the American Journal of . Education, calls the attention of teachers to the liability of children to be punished or corrected without their I clearly knowing why. : "They may thus I perhaps understand," she adds, "what I often seems to them so incomprehensible I why a child who has been rebuked for I some disorderly conduct repeats the ofience I almost immediately, giving tbe impression i oi wniiui ana malicious wroog-aomg, The same mistake is frequently made in . T recitatioos. A pupil s answer is pronoun- ced wrong, and the question passed to another, when he does not know what his error, is, and often fancies tnat it lies in quite a different direction from that in which it really lies. One of the most sue-1 cessful teachers we know is almost invaria bly in the habit, after having passed a question and received a correct answer, of asking tbe pupil who had tailed, 'Why did I pass that question?' A few trials of this simple interrogation will soon, we think, convince any teacher of the truth of what we say. The most astonishing misunder standings are thus continually - brought to light, and we become convinced . of how double-edged-- -thing is this lan guage which we nse so thoughtlessly and freely" . ; v i m .-- : . There' is ; nothing in 'the recollection of mv cnuonood mat l iook oacK upon wnn so much pleasure as the reading aloud , of my books to my mother, she . was then a woman of many cares,, and in the habit of engaging in every variety ol household work. Whatever she . might be doing in kitchen, or. dairy, or parlor, she was always ready to listen to me, and to explain what ever I did not understand. There was always Sn undercurrent of '.thought about other things, mingling' with all her domes tic duties, lightening and modifying them, but never leading her to neglect tbem, or to perform them imperfectly. '.I believe it ia to this trait of her character that . 'she owes the elasticity and ready social sympathy that , stiy animates her under the weight of four-score years. How much I owe to the caro and sympathy she gave to my childish years, I cannot measure.- Seven SDots'on ithe SM'V1: i Seven large'spots varWgaUd-' the4 isk;3 of 'the sun yesterday. 'They Were h66AJ widely scattered, and might be oonsideiredii as one gronpi .iThese spots form the most i Birumig view.yet.preseujea uunug. season of maximum sun spots. . Scattered among the large spots are ' innumerable small ones that appekr ttd larger 1 than ft v1 pin's head.' An eighth large spot is form-T ing. r Ania , wonaenoi .aispiay i.oi.swjiati.j forces, can be easily i:obeeryed byajl possessing telescopes. iyHbont. danger , Even a spy-glass fixed sobat it' can be1 turned to the son ! with'dot using Hheyeyef ? will throw kn image of the sun on white ;a i screen. This imaee can be brought into a focus by sliding; the tube oi; moving bp(i screen to and from tbe eyepiece 'until the edge of tbe sun appears sbafp' atid.thfe i spots beoome Visible.- The spots ran ue easily, seen on an u mage thwe-qaarters.of an moh in diameter. : liuVithe. ieye vmQS5dl be kept j from the; instrnment, or seriouSjf injury wiH result.;' Theearfh storms seem w uuuu bvj tut jlcav gtviu. .u uw ouu wtvu icuarMuic - preuioiou w m- w vo - hoped that' the sun observations -aunogii . . . ' . . teroiozical records, wul tnrow some, nerni. ... .-" " upon tne exact nature oi toe muuenca ot sun 'storms' upon' the "artn.-.ttocwster Democrat. Oct. 24.' fawfloio'i Mj.ii baa :a ' Tt rt.i j -n L a mr4. ; v ,nuw Awrosu ,x orvujiB tuo.aup? l Some idea mav be formed of hbV. many, of the eoormbus' fortunes' are'made but of, railroad manipulations of tliS rfeseW day by comparing Hheir actual cost with hh.m amount oi innaiea securuies usueugvB,-T them, j According to the FjnanciaVCbqni cle, the amount ol railroads nuiit tms year,, up to September l;'Was 3,500" mTlesatJfn. areragei co t tf 2o;000 ipcr1 mile? Jiaildbgi? the expenditure 70,000,OCHX 'J. hp aaeneytq raised, lo -bis, transaetion,iirasi firsitbelHo suauce of 22l, 183,000 mortgage bopds At,. par and. $13,500,000 stock at bar, makino t the totai 'amount realised f234,683,uooj, deduct from this the cost of icdn8tnfctidnV; 3 $70,000,000, and - there irjm tnexpended balance of .$164,683,000;! ftnd tbUr wouJ4 1 strike the average honest man of be timeskJ as a very nice pueioaisinouie among toe - jjectors of 3,500 mil,bfrokdrlitt' in addition to this sum there 4 was1 issued for. gratuitous distribution-.$12 8,8 J0,0QaJ stocks, and4.$25,759,20Q Qfiijnconie-ndajij making a. gratuity of (f 155,629.200, thus f. making a grand'totaV of $320,31260 of securities io tbemnds df'raiirtfad J'rbjec tors and directors, iforvhicbftbeyiieVer paid a dollar, ana nearly pne-baJijot which ($155,629,200) is watered apd; without, i a dollar of money" behind it. These fW startling figures and easily explainhowjjp inany sudden .lortunes ure maae ra con structing and manipulating:railroads3t ba dr Why force them to do that which . they dislike ? It is seldom that any. good, is gained by iucH a totfrse. . Wh'y should your little boy be made to eat the ',1a:, of bis meat if he loathes it, ior anything,) no v matter, what, that; is renulsive, Xohxv&lr i io wear anicies oi coining .wnicn its tastes1 do not approve,' or at' whi6ni other " children laugh ? 1' think !that little 6irls j suffer more from this than.-. from any ,ena ? I thincrj Almost all . of ns hava soma snch . I memorv. I know a Jadv whose childish. life was 'made wretched for a year by an obsolete old bag in which-sbd! was f6rcedj , to csrry her books to school,'and 'another whose mother . forced t.ber.to, iwearsoxaew old lace, which, though, costly, was Jaugh-5a ed at by the ignorant children who made-, wished' herself ' d ead; until ' that lace5 ass banished from her wardrbbe If yott't can manage it, be wise, and consult your children's tasted in rthes6' unlmbortint matters. !'t' Uf M'! .ii i r(!ji i. itself in the 1 Tbe Christian a Work tbrpwA. own to do ridicule oh the alleged prevalence of ni'ala .. ,If :. ria, and Bays: uU M 'Malaria just now seems to be the gen i eral stalking horse, and is ; ridden almost to death. Undoubtedly, a great deal of uisease, uiscorniurt ana aicKness are causea by atmospheric conditions we do nof en s tirely understand, and do not know boT, to rob of their poisons. ,Batuitii equally; j irue in an naii or ine irouoies cnargea to ., malaria originate in bthe'f causes,'' in im proper food and dress and care, bad hab- , us, in excesses of all; sorts, and. in al disIi tempered imagination. A great,' deal? of i the so-called 'malaria' is dissipation, fast living, laziness. Miasma is another name. for absinthe and champagne.' If your hab its and ways of living were properly: 'Sew1 ered and the vicious element ; drajned off.' 1 we should bear previous little, about dead- i gases and other invisible ditroyers.'a'n; t j,"fc At Shelby rille, Ind.i; a-eouple bv the name of Sandefeer was divorced.-,As soon as the decree was' granted, the formerj , and wife met at the " door of the court room and involuntarily tibey" rushed inttf each other's arms, and such a scene oT hug ging, kissing and crying occurred ' as cans'! ed the Judge to caljL.tbm- back,, delivers i tbem a lecture,andnnul the decree! f The,, wife's mother objected, saying she wanted ' them divorced,) whereupon Judge Hard de nvered a caustic address fin the disease: of mother-in-law from which these two? peo- f pie were sunenng. ine man andiWife. went offto(try tbeir(luck again. !o J f 'A negotiable note ttade'bamaa , who can neither read nor writer will be ' valid in the, hands of. a purchaser fort aittct" in good faith, before maturity nof with? standing, the makef tas induCed'to sign It! by false and fraaddlent representation of the payee that it was' not a note, but something else, heTTot making a reasonble effort to learn tbe character '--of the.! paper he was igningr provided nhe -phrcbasef I bad no notiee oi the.fraud,clntbeopinioa of the Supreme -Cdui't of Indiana inTlad- die vs. 'Dillman-, rendered Jane 'V& K j ITQieeaiYictojfift Js represented as feeling sensibly the, graceful t courtesy . at Yorktpwn in, saluting .. the banner -bt Sir, j George i t:?,f ,t '.jiul r-j tniii m sTTbere is 'land enoxizi'lln'$xt9 to give four acres to every jhan,' woman and child hi the V S : t mrt MmH wants bui Httle "h'er.b ?