Newspaper Page Text
7 fj ij H
It i T; iht j a t tn .i r t tt : i fff-ioolioa bun mkxoH 4, OLD SERIES : , VOLUME XXX. CHARLOTTE, N. 0., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1881. VOLUME XL NUMBER 553 - - ft, ,3 S nV III , mi i t ii in 1 if ill ill ill ifii iii iii.il . 1 I TTTE Charlotte Home and Democrat, j Published every Friday by J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor. a TermsTwo Dollars for one year. One Dollar for six months. Subscription-price due in advance. o "Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte. . N. C. as second class, matter," According to Jhe rules of the P. O. Department. ROBERT GIBBON, M. D , . CHARLOTTE, Nr C, (Office corner 5tk and Trgon Streets,) Tenders his professional services to the public, as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or operate in all the different departments of Sur gery. . March 5, 1881. ly Dr. JOHN H. McADEN, Wholesale and Retail Druggist, CHARLOTTE, N. C, IIus on hand a large and well selected stock of PURE DRUGS, Chemicals, Patent Medicines. Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye Stuffs, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de termined to sell at the very lowest prices. Jan 1. 1670. DR. T. C. SMITH, Druggist and Pharmacist, Keeps a full line of Puie Drugs and Chemicals, White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners' Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he will sell at low prices. March 28, 1879. J. P. McCombs, M. D, Offers his professional services to the citizens of Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls, both night and day, promptly attended to. umce m JJrown s building, up stairs, opposite the Charlotte Hotel. Jan. 1, 1873. DR. J. M. MILLER, Charlotte, N. C. All calls promptly answered day and night. Office over Traders' National Bank Residence opposite W. R. Myers'. Jan. 18, 1878. DR. M. A. BLAND, Dentist, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte Hotel. Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth. Feb 15, 1878. DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Practice Limited to the EYE, EAR AND THROAT. March 18, 1881. A. liURWELL. P. D. WALKER. BURWELL & WALKER, Attorneys at Law, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Will practice in the State and Federal Courts, Office adjoining Court House. Nov 5, 1880. WILSON & BURWELL, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Druggists, Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C, Have a large and complete Stock of everything pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale and retail. Oct 7, 1880. HALES & FARRIOR, Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers, Charlotte, N. C, Keeps a full stock of haedsome Jewelry, and Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair prices. Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c, done promptly, and satisfaction assured. Store next to Springs' corner building. July 1, 1879. SPRINGS & BURWELL, Grocers and Provision Dealers, Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses, Syrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard, llams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar gest buyers. Jan 17, 1880. j. Mclaughlin, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Groceries, Provisions, &c, College Street, Charlotte, N. C. Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash, and buys Country Produce at highest market price. ZW Cotton and other country Produce sold on commission and prompt returns made. Nov. 1, 1881. John VanLandingham, Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant. In Sanders & Blackwood's Building, North College St , Charlotte, N. C. March 26, 1881. H. W. HARRIS, Attorney at Law, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Office in the Henderson building, nearly oppo site Court House. Sept 2, 1881. 3mpd Charlotte Marble Works. W. G. BERRYHILL, Charlotte, N. C, Dealer m MONUMENTS, TOMBS & GRAVE STONES, and MARBLE-WORK of every description. Having just returned from the North, where I purchased a large assortment of fine Monuments, Marble Slabs, and a jrood assortment of Stnn in ray line, I am prepared to offer fair terms to suit the times, to persons wanting work in my line and guarantee satisfaction. I have in my employ some of the best workmen to be found in the Southern States. W. G. BERRYHILL Sept. 16. 1881. 3mpd Peas and Pea Meal. The very best food for horses and cows. For sale by JOHN VANLANDINGHAM. Aug. 19.1881. Central Hotel Barber Shop. GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its various branches. He and his assistant Artists are so well known for their skill that it needs no multiplicity of words to inform the public where beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut and dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch." Give him a trial. GREY TOOLE. July 29, 1881. Under Central Hotel. The American Consul at "Manila tta' cotton-seed oil has already found its WIV InlO t.hft rpmntnat mnnno!n uilUno j -- tUUUUI,U4U TlliagCO of Italy, so that unadulterated olive oil is as rare there as here. If the resemblance is, as he says, so great that the most ex pert cannot detect the mixture, what real harm is done? Why not save the freight from here to Italy and back, as well as the double duties, erive to it some less obiec- uonaoie name than it it most carefollv. and A f , a w - now has, refine use it as salad oil? Blacksmiths' Tools. We have a complete stock of Blacksmiths' Tools of the best quality and at prices that will put them within the reach of every Farmer. Nov. 1,1880. :. KYLE & HAMMOND. ALEXANDER & HARRIS Are jiow stock of opening a very large and beautiful Dress Goods. LADIES' NECKWEAR, a tremendous stock of Table Linens, all grades. A large stock of Marseilles Quilts. All kinds of Flannels Basket, Opera and Plain. Thej are making a specialty of Ready-Made Clothing For Gentlemen and Youths, this season. They have Hoop-Skirts, White Goods. Laces, Embroideries of all kinds, and other goods too numerous to mention Carpets, &c. Remember we have a large stock of Carpets ; also cheap Cassimeres, Jeans, Ac, for pants and suits. tST" "Foster" Kid Gloves, patented June 13th, 1876. Ask for a pair of the Foster Kid Gloves, the best in the market. ALEXANDER & HARRIS. Sept 30, 1881. Hargraves & Wilhelm. NEW GOODS. Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand somest and cheapest ever offered in this market. It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs, in all shades and qualities. Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim mings is the most varied and attractive ever seen in this city. Cloaks, Dolmans, Ulsters. Walking Jackets, and Children's Cloaks, in all qualities and shades. Shawls, Balmorals, Repellants, Cloakings, Oil Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets, Velveteens, Plush, &c. A complete line of Flannels, Cassimeres, Da masks and Towels. A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck wear. We have an immense stock of Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing, That we are selling at extremely low prices. All we ask the public and our patrons is to give our stock a careful inspection. They will Una the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods ever shown in this place. We will save you money by calling to see us. All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents. HARGRAVES & WILHELM. Sept 30, 1881. Cotton Gins Insured AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE. The undersigned is ready to issue Policies of In surance on Cotton Gins or Mills run either by steam or water. This is an important matter to farmers and owners of Gins and Mills, and their attention is especially called to it. E. NYE HUTCHISON, Sept, 9 1881. Agent NEW MILLINERY. We arc now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock of Millinery Goods, Containing all the latest styles and qualities of Ladies', Misses and Children's Hats and Bonnets. Also, all the novelties for trimming : Feathers, Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, Satins, Orna ments, etc. Also, our usual large and attractive stock of White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear, Gloves and Hosiery, Corsets, Shawls Cloaks, Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies' Mus lin Underwear just received, that we are ottering at very low prices. Oct. 14, 1881. MKS. r. Just Received AT TIDDY'S CITY BOOK STORE A well selected Stock of nr r r w t at m r A - V J? Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools cap, which they propose to sell cheap for cash. Also, French Paper of every descriptioj, with Envelopes to match. Also, f aper in boxes, to suit the most tasiiaious. SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK. A standard treatise upon the laws of good society in New York. CONGRESS TIE ENVELOPES a new lot just received. Edward Todd & Co.'s Celebrated Rubber Pens, A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen. TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents for Emer son's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS ; and any orders given them will receive prompt atten tion. Cash paid for Rags. Carriages, Phaetons, Buggies, &c. I have a good supply of CARRIAGES, PHAETONS, BUGGIES, and Spring Wagons, of the latest style & superior workmanship. Call and exam ine the work. CHAS. WILSON, Sr., College Street, in front of Sanders & Blackwood's Warehouse, Jan 14,1881 y Charlotte, N. C. A. A. GASTON, DEALER IN Stoves, Tin-Ware And House Furnishing Goods, CHARLOTTE, N. C. He keeps the largest stock of Stoves and Tin- Ware ever offered in this market $100 reward will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have sold the "Barley Sheaf" for elevenyears. Call at my Store under Central Hotel building, and examine my stock. Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured to order, and all Repairing promptly executed. Feb 1, 1881. A. A. GASTON. 10 VICTIS. BY W. "W. STORY. I sing the Hymn of the Conquered, who fell in the battle of life; . The hymn of the wounded, the beaten, who died overwhelmed in the strife ; Not the jubilant song of the victors, from whom tne resounding acclaim Of nations was lifted in chorus, whose brows wore the chaplet of fame But the hymn of the low and the humble, the weary, the broken id heart, Who strove and who failed, acting bravely a silent ana desperate part ; Whose youth bore no flower in its branches, wnose nopes burned in ashes away, From whose hands slipped the prize thev had grasped at, who stood at the dying of day With the work of their life all around them, un- pmed, unheeded, alone, With death swooping down o'er their failure, and an but their iaith overthrown. While the voice of the world shouts its chorus. its pa;en for those who have won While the trumpet is sounding triumphant, and high to the breeze and the sun Gay banners are waving, hands clapping, and hurrying feet Thronging after the laurel-crowned victors I stand on the held of defeat In the shadow, 'mongst those who are fallen, and wounded and dying and there Chant a requiem low, place my hand on their pain-knotted brows, breathe a prayer Hold the hand that is hapless, and whisper, "They only the victory win, Who have fought the good fight, and have van quished the demon that tempts us within Who have held to their faith unseduced by the prize that the world holds on high ; Who have dared for a high cause to suffer, resist, hght if need be, to die ( ' Speak, history ! Who are life's victors ? Unroll thy long annals and say Are they those whom the world called victors, who won the success of a day r The Martyrs, or Nero? The Spartans who fell at Thermopylae s tryst, Or the Persians and Xerxes ! His judges, or Socra tes? Pilate or Christ? . aj How to Live on Ten Dollars a Week. A man with $10 a week and another to support must live at home. If he live out he will get inferior food and those depen dent on him will have to go short at home. He should spend on lodging $2 ; on lood for two $5 ; on coal, light, dress, etc., $3. Pieces of fried meat are extravagant; stews, with vegetables, are profitable; fish, dressed with sauce and vegetables, to make meals, is profitable ; so are fish-pies; good, well-thickened soups; fruit pud dings; small pieces of roast for Sundays with accompanying vegetables and well selected pudding. A small piece of chuck beef roasted and well-covered during the process with a Yorkshire pudding, a few Darsnios and some baked potatoes: for desert, some pears stewed. A home made cake and a little cold meat, with home pickles or cresses, for tea or supper, These are the combinations. New I ork Food and Health. 2dif The full capacity about 320 cubic inches. of the lungs is W. A. TRUSLOW, Jeweler and Watch Repairer, CHARLOTTE, N. C, Respectfully announces that, having succeeded E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Jew :lry business, he has just added to his stock of Watches, Jewelry, Silverware, CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c, And he hopes by close attention to business and fair dealing to merit a share of patronage. tW Fifteen years constant experience in the WATCH REPAIRING Department enables him to fully warrant every Watch entrusted to him. Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street, near the Square. Oct. 7, 1881. em CONFECTIONERIES, GROCERIES, &c. Cakes and Bread. C. S. HOLTON. at the Rising Sun Store, oppo site the Old Market, still keeps a large assortment of Confectioneries, &c, and a good selection of choice Family Groceries all of the freshest ana best quality. Bread and Cakes. His Bread is considered superior by all who use it, and his assortment of Cakes is tine. ZW Wedding Cakes and Cakes for Parties pre pared in the best style at short notice. Give me a trial wnen you neea anyiuingin my line. C. S. HOLTON. Jan. 14, 1831. BURGESS NICHOLS, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in FURNITURE. BEDDING, &c. I have now in Store a well selected stock em bracing everything found in a First-class Furniture Store, Such as Bedroom and Parlor Suits, Lounges, Tet-a-Tets. Whatnots, Marble and Wood Top Tables, Dining Tables, Washstands, Bureaus, Wardrobes, Book Cases, &c. 83f CHAIRS of all kinds and cheap Bedsteads at prices to suit the times. I respectfully solicit a shure of patronage. ALSO, COFFINS of all grades kept on hand ready made. No. 5 West Trade Street, J; n 19, 1881 Charlotte, N. C. Rubber Belting. A complete Stock of Rubber Belting, Rubber and Hemp Packing. Also, all sizes and kinds of Rope at bottom prices. Nov 1, 1880. KYLE & HAMMOND. TurkeyR, Geese, Phikpns. Cranberries. Chestnuts. Oat Meal and Maccaroni.at S. M. HOWELL'S. November 4, 1881. He-No Tea. A fresh Chest of He-No-Tea just received by WILSON & BURWELL, Sent 30. 1881. Sole Agents. A- r Wine and Whisky. We have fine brand of wine and whisky, for medical use. Oct. 21. 1881. WILSON & BURWELL. t5f Burton's Specific Vermifuge is safe, sure and of the best quality. WILSON & BURWELL, Sole Agents for North Carolina. Nov. 4, 1881. On a Diligence Road to Mexico. In Mrs. Mary Hallock Foote's "Dili gence Journey in Mexico," in the Century Magazine (recently Scribner), occurs the following : Thus far we had met no ve hicles except the two-wheeled carts drawn by oxen wheels without tires, hewn out and showing the separate strokes of the ax, but many humble travelers on foot, trotting into Mexico with back-loads of market stuff. Fruits and vegetables were carried in a fonr-sided hamper or ?asce called a huncal, made, of osiers ; often it was tilled with live fowls, the tail-feathera of the cock gay ly fluttering through the bars of the cage, or was divided into com partments, with eggs below and fowls above. "We met huge masses of pottery ingeniously woven together with the cords of the ; agave, -' and towering perilously above the bearer's head : rolls of matting, woodeu trays, bundles of sugar cane, camote (a kind oiisweet potato), and to matoes wrapped in green leaves. A, pair of live hens never came amiss, swinging by the legs from a disengaged hand, or tied to an available corner of the load. Whole families were en route, even to the baby, rolled in one end of the long cotton scarf which the Indian mother wears over her head, or suspended in its folds at her back. I do not think a stranger proces sion could be met with on the high-roads of this century. Steadily climbing, the country growing poorer and wilder, we pass many heaps of stones supporting the iatal cross the place of a murder making a mute appeal to the traveler to pray for one cut off in his sins. We enter the mountain passes, dark with pines and firs, and ascend to the battlefield of Las Crnces, on the divide which separates the valley of Mexico from that of Toluca. We pass the monument to Hidalgo, and I ask with shame who was Hidalgo, and am answered : "He was our V ashington this is our liunker Hill !" It was here on the 30th of Octo ber, 1810, that Hidalgo with his Indian insurgents, armed chiefly with slings, bows, clubs, lances and machetes, met the troops of the Spanish government, under Colonel lruxillo, and drove them back upon the capital. The loss of the Indians must have been frightful ; in their ignor ance of the nature of artillery, they charg ed Truxillo's guns and "tried to stop the mouths of them with their straw hats, until hundreds had perished by the dis charge." Alter the battle a sad train of Indian women went up on the mountain to bury their dead, and the many crosses that were raised by their hands gave the spot its name. Six Hundred Doctors Assembled to Witness an Operation Beyondthe Skill of the Best of 7 hem. Mr. George O. Starr sent 2,312 invita tions to physicians in this city and here abouts to attend an interesting clinic by Dr. Lynn of London at a certain number on Broadway. Some 600 doctors respond ed, many of them accompanied by ladies. Thev were ushered between the lines of living curiosities which Mr. bunnell has collected and into the auditorium, where Dr. Lynn said he should be happy to de capitate and otherwise dismember one or more of them, it any felt like submitting to the operation. None responding, he said he would take a stage carpenter lor his subject, and in vited two of the doctors to assist him. After propounding to them an intricate question in bislogv. asking them if the solution was clear in their minds, and be ing answered by the shaking of heads, he confessed that neither was it clear in his mind and the stage carpenter who was to be his subject was strapped against a board at the rear of the stage, a curtain being first drawn in front of him to con ceal the painful process. Then, the cur tain beiug withdrawn, Dr. Lynn seized a heavy pruning knife, and with a neat twirl removed the left arm of the figure strapped to the board. The left leg was next sacrificed. lhen a black cloth was thrown over the head, which was un doubtedly that of the stage carpenter, and when the cloth was removed the fig ure was headless. The doctor offered this part of the man to any lady in the hall who would hold it while the dissection pro ceeded, but none volunteered. The fig ure pointed in mute appeal with its right band to the place where the head ought to be, the Doctor kindly restored the head, which smiled with gratification. 1 he oth er members of the body were then thrown at the stage carpenters feet or more properly, at his foot and he was told to put himself together while the curtain was drawn for half a minute. At the ex piration of that time he walked forth, to all appearances whole, though Dr. .Lynn tola the lookers on that thev must not trust wholly to appearances. At any rate, what was done had been accomplished without loss of blood, and the assembled doctors acknowledged that this was more than they could them selves hope for in performing the amputa tion of a man's head, one arm, and one leg. -New 1 ork Sun. Damp Walls. An exchange save "Moisture may be kept from a brick wall oy a ssoiving uiree-quartera in a mm. u ui rv ri t cxrt OAnn in nna fvollAn rvt nrillirifT water and spreading the hot solution steadily with a large flat brush over the surface of the brick work, taking care that it does not lather. This is to be allowed to dry for twenty-four hours, when a solu tion tormed of a quarter of a pound ot alum dissolved in two gallons of water is to be applied in a similar manner over the coating of soap. The soap and alum mu tually decompose each other and form an insoluble varnish which rain is unable to penetrate. The operation should be per formed in dry settled weather. Ihe largest masonry arch in this coun try and in the world is that which carries the Washington Aqueduct over Cabin John Creek. It has a span of 220 feet ; it is 101 feet high, and twenty feet wide, and it forms an arc of a circle having a radius of 134.2852 feet. The engineer in charge of the aqueduct was General M. C. Meigs. The work was begun in 18o3 aud finished in 1863. Decatur, Tennessee, has given up its charter of incorporation to get rid of its 1 whisky saloons. The Boy of the Period. The boy of to-day is not receiving the proper home culture. Children slip away from parental care. This is due to the rigorous old-time home culture. Educa-1 a innUoo.l l .V, , U I T. , W I n Willa K.ncrlanH tho V. n a-ai a. Af tlA I ...vuivmiu v r iiic uiviucr. .. .uv, vuui.vi vm. mv . 1 - - c .vw.u.uu.v.vu . iur iuc buii. xue other pious places, yet has a fathomless tenderness ior nis mother, but be wants iu cpcwoiui. iis is vuarauienzeu uy a passionate loyalty to whatever he espouses, uu tutu Bense ui nonor to wnicn appeal can safely be made in most cases. One thing in his teaching is imperative moral purity, iet the mother inculcate this wnn loving care, putting aside taise no tions of modesty and all prudish ness. Let us have done with the belief in the saying, "Wilfl fl9t mil at. snmn timn . anmaA " vuw ' S S 13 W. V He who thus sows inevitably reaps a simi lar harvest. Jivery boy should be trained to respect womanhood. Nothing so much adorns American manhood as his respect r tu i 1 i j i j - i iui nuiuaii. j.uv wuv suuuiu ub iraiueu in politeness. This has a commercial value nowauays. ne maKes nis way in tne j tt i . , I world more easily for a pleasing address, lhere is no reason why the boy of to-day Biiouiu nui oe taugiu tne ordinary rules ot etiquette. tood manners are to a man what beauty is to a woman. But best of all, train boys in honor, in integrity and trustworthiness. Every boy should have an industrial occupation, and this should be in harmony with his tastes, bo with girls. To sum it all up, train the boy into manliness, that standard of manliness that combines the strongest virtues with the gentlest weakness. Let him be like hand of iron in a glove of velvet. There is nothing higher or nobler than this. An Incendiary Telephone. A Chicago paper gives this account of a curious tire, which might have been both costly and inexplicable had it occurred at night, "lhere was a peculiar hre Jbriday afternoon at the office of the Chicago Tele phone Company, on La Salle street. At tour o'clock the answering board was found to be on fire, blue and white flames appearing. It was suggested that a cross with an electric wire caused the fire, and an investigation was at once made. The flames jumped two feet and the transmit ter began to burn. Then the fire was ex tinguished, and fifteen minutes another board began to burn. At the same time the telephone at the Chicago Music Com pany's store began to burn. It was found that a wire had become crossed with one of Willoughby, Hill & Co.'s electric light wires and had resulted in a fire. The total damages was about $300, It will be seen how dangerous the electric light wires are. Had the fire occurred at night whole stores could have been burned and the cause remained a mystery." New York Bidletin. An old farmer once said that he would not have a hired man on his farm who did not habitually whistle. He al ways hired whistlers. Said he never new a whistling laborer to find fault with food, his bed, or complain of any little extra work he was asked to perform. Such a man was generally kind to children and to animals in his care. He would whistle a chilled land into warmth and life, and would bring in his hat full of eggs from the barn without breaking one of them. He found such a man more careful about closing gates, putting up bars, and seeing that the nuts on his plow were all proper ly tightened before he took it into the field. He never knew a whistling man to beat or kick a cow or to drive her on a run into the stable. He had noticed that the sheep he fed in the yard or shed gath ered around him as he whistled without fear. He never had employed a whistler who was not thoughtful and economical. Dr. Chandler, of California, has lorty acres of the Muscatel grape in vine yard from which he has made this year 5,000 boxes of raisins worth $12,500, and this without irrigation. He also realized $318 from one-fourth of an acre of apri cots. Prunes and the Zante currant are also quito profitable to grow. He says there is to-day no business in California so pleasant, snre and profitable as fruitrais- ing. it is tar more prontaoie man wheat. His forty acres of iruit pay more than bis neighbor s five hundred acres of wheat. Profits are this year greater than ever. Raw fruits for canning have sold at three times the price of last year. One man with eleven acres of tree fruit realized a net profit of $13,000, chiefly from apricots, peaches and cherries. Good canning fruit is worth five cents a pound there. The coddling moth is becoming quite a formid able enemy and is seriously damaging the apple and pear crops, lhey have no cur culio to bother them in that State. It is not every cross-road black smith who can nail it on after a well made horseshoe is placed in their hands. But of one thing we are quite certain, that no owner of a good horse can afford to have him bad, 8h()d I - Jbven a cheap horse can often be made of greater service by good shoeing. Indeed, the foot ot the horse is such a fine piece of mechanism that it needs fine artisaus to take care of it. No country carpenter can do the horse's foot justice. It is therefore folly to presume that incompetent men can till competent places in shoeing shops. Greenland was so called by Eric the Red, a Northman, in 983, he having sailed from Iceland in search of land said to have been seen by Gunnbjorn a hundred or more years previously. When he first drew near the land, he observed large herds of reindeer feeding on the meadow lands, and the sight pleasing him, he called it Greenland. A silver dollar of the United States, of 1804, only eight of which are in existence, was bought lately by a. L. Cohen for one hundred and fifty dollars. The British Museum has one which cost eight hundred dollars: so it would seem as if Mr. Cohen had made a bargain. People's intentions can only be de cided by their conduct. average dov. noisv. lm-1 rememshed in dn timoV i in vnn aver I nnai nn Mnnii ,n ..niniin nmmr petuous, detesting home work, bankrupt think of the multitude of her cares and while very young from its mother and in ; -in education and a dodger of churches and duties? She must rise mlv m nrenare oniAminT it tn it. fninr nnmnnniona. . ti Farmer's Wives. . Did yon ever think of the amount of thought requisite to plan three meals a day for three hundred and sixty-five days in succession ? To t 3 r . i , I UUI IUU U1UCU. and Kir innsfl II Vincr HI. 1 f . . V Al . V :n . uiBwiive 11 uui .ue vuisce io rememoer i tuoi. mo biweui liuur, Bugsr, itss, ' eic, is i breakfast or oversee it. Perhaps there I are children to wash, dress, and feed, or to eel reaav lor scnooi witn tneir dinners. 1 There is baking, sweeping, dusting, mak- ing beds, lunch tor the men ; may be dinner, supper to be made ready , at the 1 proper time, the washings starching, fold-1 mg, ana ironing. 01 ciotnes; vne care di i milk including the making of batter and cneese, ano tne lnevuaoie washing ot dishes. . In autumn there is an additional work of pickling, preserving, canning of fruit, drying apples, boiling cider, making apple sauce, with the still more unpleas ant task which falls to her lot in butcher ing time. Then there is havinc. harvest- I - , , i ins. sneen-snearintr. etc . when mnra npin i is needed, bring an increase of her labors. ' " . - r ; - Twice a year comes house cleaning. By the wav. of all the foes a housekeener has to contend with, dirt is the greatest. She may gain a complete victory and think to repose on her laurels after the semi-annual I engagements but it is only temporary, ihe enemy returns, and even daily skir mishmg does not keep it at bay. lhere is the mending, too. oewmg ma chines are great blessings, but they can not set in a patch or darn stockings. I don't mention these things by way ol com-1 piaiuiug iu nuuiau o tun m ;cuciai, vi iuv ing for her any rights which she does not possess. I don't know as there is any remedy in the present state of the world. I It seems to be one of the ills of life which I must be borne as we bear other ills, but I what I do, ask is due appreciation of the I important part that woman acts, and a I concession that her labors, mental and physical, are as great, all things consider ed, as those of the other sex. .Women are not so childish that a little sympathy now and then, or acknowledgment of their efforts and sacrifices, make them imagine their case worse than this. I tell you men and husbands, "It doeth good like a medi- ne, and many a poor crushed, broken down wife and mother is dying for want of it. Mrs. B. in Cleveland Her ald. A Good Fence Idea. A Western farmer writes to one of our exchanges as follows: . . "Every farmer has his ideas about fences. I have mine. Here they are: liaise black walnut posts on the lot were they are wanted. If they grow fast they will do in from five to seven years. Use the barb wire. Fasten brush on the top so that horses and cattle can see it. Black walnut injures crops the least of any green tree that I am acquainted with. JSo stock will gnaw it or hurt it. The roots run straight down so you can plow against the trunk. The tree gives black color to the soil as far as the leaves reach. It grows straight and tall, and has but very tew limbs. Ihe workings oi the tree will not break the wire. Black walnut will pay all expenses in a few years in fruit. If. J&. U., Kalamazoo, Mich. The Man with the Wheelbarrow. Capt. Lyman Potter, the "man with the wheelbarrow," is at Westham, about five miles above Richmond, with his wheelbarrow, having rolled it from Cali fornia. He has with him many rare col lections which he picked up on his journey across the continent. About April 1, 1878, Capt. Potter left Albany, N. Y., with a bran new wheelbarrow. He jour- neyed through the various States between the Atlantic and Pacific north of South Carolina, rolling it wherever he went. Whenever he filled his wheelbarrow with collections which he gathered on his way. he boxed them up and shipped them to Albany, his home. The wheelbarrow shows unmistakable evidence of having been pushed or drawn many hundreds of I mmm . a a a a al miles. The spokes in the wheel are held together with cords, and the iron taps on Capt. Potters shoeheels have worn down to about a thousandth part ot an inch. About the eighteenth century, a West India captain brought home some mahogany logs as ballast for his ship, and gave them to his brothern, Dr. Gibbons, who was then building a house. The wood was thrown aside as too hard for the workman's tools. Sometime his wife wanted a candle-box. The doc tor thought of the West Indian wood, and out of that the box-was made. Its color and polish tempted the doctor to have a bureau made of the same material, and this was thought so beautiful that it was shown to all his friends. The Duch ees of Buckingham, who came to make another bureau for herself. Then the de mand arose for more, and Honduras ma hogany became a common article of trade. . Ax Impoktant Ruling Pelvted Mat tee May be Mailed with Merchandise. The Postmaster-General has advised that the ancient rule of the Department, that matter of a lower grade may be in closed in that of a higher, authorizes print ed matter to be inclosed with merchan dise, and that to make a distinction be tween printed matter inclosed with mer chandise; and printing upon a tag, attach ed to a sample, or upon the sample itself, where the latter consists of a paper, is not within the reasonable intendment of the law. It is therefore decided that upon all papers sent as merchandise there may be printed any matter not having the character of an actual or personal corres pondence; and that with such merchandise and merchandise of other material, there may be inclosed such printed matter. All former rulings in conflict are revoked. More Cuba cigars are exportedannually from Cuba than the bland produces to bacco ; more champagne from France than is produced in its vineyards for home and foreign consumption ; more olive oil from Italy than is manufactured from olive trees. The world is being humbugged more and more, from year to year. Training Shepherd Dogs.! Darwin thus describes the training of shepherd dogs: "When riding it is a com mon thing to meet a large flock of sheep : , .. -r nlinniA mi Mlmm inn hmisa nr man . -1 ' WWAUW VU U W UWWW V mMM ' r. - . n , - ouen wonaerea , now so, nrm a inenasnm .,(. naa Deen estaousnea. ine nieinoa 01 pa- A ewe is held three or four times a day for the little thine to suck, and a nest of wool , is mudn tnr it in ih ihn n At tm time is it allowed to associate with other dogs, or with the children of the family. From this education it has no wish to leave the flock, and just, as another dog- will defend its master, man, so will these dogs defend sheep. - It is amusing1 to 6b- serve, when approaching-a flock, how the -dog immediately advances barking and the sheep all close in his rear, as if, round the oldest ram. The dogs are also taught to bring home the sheep at a certain hour "" iu mtj evening. xueir most vruu uicbouiu fault when vnnncr i thoir desire tn nlav . . : : j . . . k mtth tho thssn fm n thotr unnn thov anmptimpR onilnn the nnor things most un- mercifully. The shepherd dog comes to o r I th hnime everw Uv tar hia meat, and as soon as it is given him skulks, away as if ashamed of himself. On these occasions the house dogs are very tyrannical,, and the least of them will attack and pursue the stranger, The minute, however, the lat ter has reached the flock hew turns round and begins to bark, and then all the house dogs take quickly to their heels. . In a similar manner a whole pack of hungry wild dogs will scarcely ever venture to at- tauK. a uuuK guaxueu uy onv ui iucbd iivu- ful shepherds. In this case the shepherd dog seems to regard the sheep as his f el- low brethren and thus , gains confidence; and the wild dogs, though knowing that the sheep are not dogs, bat ' are good to eat, yet, when seeing them in a flock with a shepherd dog at their head, partly con- sent to regard them as he. does.' Apples as Food. A correspondent of the Country Gentle man says: "From the earliest ages apples have been in use for the table as desert. The historian Pliny tells us that the Romans cultivated- twenty-two varieties of the apple. In these latter days we probably possess over two thousand. As an article of food they rank with the potato, and on account of the variety of ways in which they may be served they are far prefera ble to the taste of many persons; and if families would only substitute ripe, lus cious apples for pies, cakes, candies, and preserved fruits, there would be much less sickness among the children, and the saving in this one item alone would pur chase many barrels of apples. - They have an excellent effect upon the whole system, feeding the brain as well as adding to the flesh, and keeping the blood pure; also pre venting constipation, and correcting a tendency to acidity, which produces rheu matism and neuralgia. They will cool off the feverish condition of the system; in fact, they are far better for these purposes than the many nostrums which are so highly praised in the advertisements and so constantly purchased by sufferers. A ripe, raw apple is entirely digested in an hour and a half, while a boiled potato takes twice that long." tSf Philadelphia has an asylum for cats, where 4,000 were cared for daring the past year. They . are fed on milk, and liver. Starved cats, sick cats, and home less cats are picked np and: brought here. Many are mercifully killed with the fumes of charcoal. Cats are received as board ers, the owners, who are absent from the city, paying twenty-five cents a week for keeping their pets. The asylum last year cost $3,418 69, and this under the protec tion of the Woman's Branch of the Penn sylvania Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. It is supported by subscriptions. ISP" "A New York firm has contracted recently . for 5,000,000 feet of the ash, wal a a a a .a nut, hickory and poplar in the three coun ties of Madison, Buncombe and nay wood, North Carolina. Many of the trees in Western North Carolina are of great size." Phil. Prest. 53 The institution of the "Order of the Bath" originated in the custom of the Franks who, when they conferred knight hood, bathed before they performed the I ceremony, and .from this habit came the gT" Christians names are so called by having been given to converts in baptism as substitutes, for their former pagan ap pellations, many of which were borrowed irom ine names oi ineir goos, ana were therefore rejected as profane. If a little vinegar or some cider is mixed with stove polish it will ' not take much rubbing to make the stove bright, and the blacking is not likely to fly off in nne dust. EcsT A piece of zinc placed on the live coals iu a hot stove will effectually clean out a stovepipe, the vapors produced - carrying off soot by chemical decomposi- tion. tW The first gold discovered in Geor gia was in 1799 in the shape of large lumps. One nugget weighed no less than 'zo pounds. 1ST" About two-thirds of a pint of air is inhaled at each breath in ordinary res piration. . V, The herring has' two spawning seasons one in the hottest and one in the coldest months of the year. .: . C3f Virtue dwells at tfie head of a I river tn wttinli pa nrniAt nat Vint Tit v w. snff a",.. the stream. o I3f Poverty often deprives a man of all spirit and" virtue. It is hard for an empty bag to stand upright. Strive for the best, and provide against the worst. I'